How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

104,288 results for

Weighted Mean Difference

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

101. Behavioural intervention for weight loss maintenance versus standard weight advice in adults with obesity: A randomised controlled trial in the UK (NULevel Trial). (PubMed)

on their weight. After 12 months, we measured the primary outcome, weight (kilograms), as well as frequency of self-weighing, objective physical activity (via accelerometry), psychological variables, and cost-effectiveness. The study was powered to detect a between-group weight difference of ±2.5 kg at follow-up. Overall, 264 participants (92%) completed the trial. Mean weight gain from baseline to 12 months was 1.8 kg (95% CI 0.5-3.1) in the intervention group (n = 131) and 1.8 kg (95% CI 0.6-3.0 (...) ) in the control group (n = 133). There was no evidence of an effect on weight at 12 months (difference in adjusted mean weight change from baseline: -0.07 [95% CI 1.7 to -1.9], p = 0.9). Intervention participants weighed themselves more frequently than control participants and were more physically active. Intervention participants reported greater satisfaction with weight outcomes, more planning for dietary and physical activity goals and for managing lapses, and greater confidence for healthy eating, weight

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 PLoS medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

102. Effect of Early Parenteral Nutrition Discontinuation on Time to Regain Birth Weight in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

to the intervention and control groups, respectively. The primary outcome measure was the mean difference in time (days) to regain birth weight.The groups were well matched at study entry. Patients in the intervention group regained birth weight more slowly (mean difference 1.5 days CI: 0.3-2.7 days, P = 0.01). The mean difference in time to regain birth weight for infants <1000 g was 2.8 days (95% CI: 0.8-4.8 days, P = 0.008).In VLBW infants, early PICC removal at an enteral feed volume of 100 mL/kg/day compared (...) Effect of Early Parenteral Nutrition Discontinuation on Time to Regain Birth Weight in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are used to administer parenteral nutrition (PN) in very low birth weight infants (VLBW; <1500 g). Clinicians try to optimize early nutrition but also minimize the risks associated with intravascular devices. The objective of this study was to examine the early nutrition impact of discontinuing PN

2019 JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition Controlled trial quality: predicted high

103. Impact on birth weight and child growth of Participatory Learning and Action women's groups with and without transfers of food or cash during pregnancy: Findings of the low birth weight South Asia cluster-randomised controlled trial (LBWSAT) in Nepal. (PubMed)

was low at 22% (n = 2087), but response rate for endline nutritional and dietary measures exceeded 83% (n = 9242). Compared to the control arm (n = 464), mean birthweight was significantly higher in the PLA plus food arm by 78·0 g (95% CI 13·9, 142·0; n = 626) and not significantly higher in PLA only and PLA plus cash arms by 28·9 g (95% CI -37·7, 95·4; n = 488) and 50·5 g (95% CI -15·0, 116·1; n = 509) respectively. Mean weight-for-age z-scores of children aged 0-16 months (average age 9 months (...) ) sampled cross-sectionally at endpoint, were not significantly different from those in the control arm (n = 2091). Differences in weight for-age z-score were as follows: PLA only -0·026 (95% CI -0·117, 0·065; n = 2095); PLA plus cash -0·045 (95% CI -0·133, 0·044; n = 2545); PLA plus food -0·033 (95% CI -0·121, 0·056; n = 2507). Amongst many secondary outcomes tested, compared with control, more institutional deliveries (OR: 1.46 95% CI 1.03, 2.06; n = 2651) and less colostrum discarding (OR:0.71 95% CI

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 PLoS ONE Controlled trial quality: predicted high

104. Health, not weight loss, focused programmes versus conventional weight loss programmes for cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

for variations in length of follow-up, enhanced programmes and risk of bias dealt with heterogeneity.Eight randomised controlled trials of 20,242 potential studies were included. Improvements in total cholesterol-HDL ratio (mean difference - 0.21 mmol/L, 95% confidence interval [- 3.91, 3.50]) and weight loss (- 0.28 kg [- 2.00, 1.44]) favoured HNWL compared to CWL programmes in the long term (53-104 week follow-up), whereas improvements in systolic (- 1.14 mmHg, [- 5.84, 3.56]) and diastolic (- 0.15 mmHg (...) Health, not weight loss, focused programmes versus conventional weight loss programmes for cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity is a cardiovascular disease risk factor. Conventional weight loss (CWL) programmes focus on weight loss, however 'health, not weight loss, focused' (HNWL) programmes concentrate on improved health and well-being, irrespective of weight loss. What are the differences in CVD risk outcomes between these programmes?To conduct

2019 Systematic reviews

105. Effects of weight-neutral approaches compared with traditional weight-loss approaches on behavioral, physical, and psychological health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

examined as a meta-analysis of standardized and mean differences using a random-effects inverse-variance model with 95%CIs. Practice recommendations for each outcome were graded per NHMRC body-of-evidence guidelines.Weight-neutral approaches resulted in greater improvement in bulimia (P = 0.02), but no significant differences were observed for any other outcome. Weight-neutral approaches may be as effective as weight-loss methods for improving physical, psychological, and behavioral outcomes (...) Effects of weight-neutral approaches compared with traditional weight-loss approaches on behavioral, physical, and psychological health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Weight-neutral approaches for health are emerging therapeutic alternatives to traditional weight-loss approaches. The existing literature base comparing these approaches has not yet been systematically evaluated by a meta-analysis.This review aims to determine if weight-neutral approaches are valid alternatives

2019 Nutrition reviews

106. [Sugammadex by ideal body weight versus 20% and 40% corrected weight in bariatric surgery - double-blind randomized clinical trial]. (PubMed)

the patient's ability to pass from the surgical bed to the transport, adequacy of oxygenation, respiratory pattern, ability to swallow saliva and clarity of vision.Groups were homogenous in gender, age, total body weight, ideal body weight, body mass index, type and time of surgery. The reversal times (s) were (mean±standard deviation) 225.2±81.2, 173.9±86.8 and 174.1±74.9 respectively, in the IW, CW20 and CW40 groups (p=0.087).No differences were observed between groups with neuromuscular blockade reversal (...) [Sugammadex by ideal body weight versus 20% and 40% corrected weight in bariatric surgery - double-blind randomized clinical trial]. The weight parameters for use of sugammadex in morbidly obese patients still need to be defined.A prospective clinical trial was conducted with sixty participants with body mass index≥40kg.m-2 during bariatric surgery, randomized into three groups: ideal weight (IW), 20% corrected body weight (CW20) and 40% corrected body weight (CW40). All patients received total

2019 Revista brasileira de anestesiologia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

107. A self-help diet and physical activity intervention with dietetic support for weight management in men treated for prostate cancer: pilot study of the Prostate Cancer Weight Management (PRO-MAN) randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

-intervention of the supporting letter, a pedometer and access to the web-based resources. Sixty-two men were randomised; fifty-four completed baseline and 12-week measurements, and fifty-one and twenty-seven provided measurements at 6 and 12 months, respectively. In a repeated-measures model, mean difference in weight change between groups (wait-list mini-intervention minus intervention) at 12 weeks was -2·13 (95 % CI -3·44, -0·82) kg (P = 0·002). At 12 months the corresponding value was -2·43 (95 % CI -4 (...) ·50, -0·37) kg (P = 0·022). Mean difference in global quality of life score change between groups at 12 weeks was 12·3 (95 % CI 4·93, 19·7) (P = 0·002); at 12 months there were no significant differences between groups. Results suggest the potential of self-help diet and physical activity intervention with trained support for modest but sustained weight loss in this patient group.

2019 The British journal of nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

108. Effects of cognitive behavioral therapy on weight maintenance after successful weight loss in women; a randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

-45 years], who had lost at least 10% of their body weight by using a weight loss program, were randomly allocated to either CBT or control group for a further 24-week weight-maintenance period.Compared with control group, CBT treatment improved weight loss maintenance (mean difference, -2.2 kg [95% CI, -3.50, -0.94]; P = 0.001), BMI (mean difference, -0.77 kg/m²; [95% CI, -1.25, -0.28]; P = 0.002), and waist circumference (mean difference, -2.08 cm; [95% CI, -3.31, -0.844]; P = 0.001) at the end (...) of the 24-week period intervention. Estimated energy intake showed a significant reduction over time in CBT group, while it increased in control group (P < 0.001). There was also a significant group × time interaction for mean daily steps over the 24-week period with CBT having a higher level (P < 0.001). However, changes in lipid profiles and carbohydrate metabolism were not significantly different between the groups.Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective tool for weight maintenance over a 24

2019 European journal of clinical nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

109. Body mass index relates weight to height differently in women and older adults: serial cross-sectional surveys in England (1992–2011) (PubMed)

Body mass index relates weight to height differently in women and older adults: serial cross-sectional surveys in England (1992–2011) Body mass index (BMI) tends to be higher among shorter adults, especially women. The dependence of BMI-height correlation on age and calendar time may inform us about temporal determinants of BMI.Series of cross-sectional surveys: Health Survey for England, 1992-2011. We study the Benn Index, which is the coefficient in a regression of log(weight) on log(height (...) ). This is adjusted for age, gender and calendar time, allowing for non-linear terms and interactions.By height quartile, mean BMI decreased with increasing height, more so in women than in men (P < 0.001). The decrease in mean BMI in the tallest compared with the shortest height quartile was 0.77 in men (95% CI 0.69, 0.86) and 1.98 in women (95% CI 1.89, 2.08). Regression analysis of log(weight) on log(height) revealed that the inverse association between BMI and height was more pronounced in older adults

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Journal of public health (Oxford, England)

110. CARE Trial: Comparing Different Levels of Calorie Reduction for Weight Loss

Trial: Comparing Different Levels of Calorie Reduction for Weight Loss (CARE) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02736669 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : April 13, 2016 Last Update Posted : January 3, 2019 Sponsor: University of Alabama at Birmingham (...) CARE Trial: Comparing Different Levels of Calorie Reduction for Weight Loss CARE Trial: Comparing Different Levels of Calorie Reduction for Weight Loss - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. CARE

2016 Clinical Trials

111. PK, Safety, and Tolerability Study of RBP-7000 of Different Molecular Weight Polymer in Subjects With Schizophrenia

of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. PK, Safety, and Tolerability Study of RBP-7000 of Different Molecular Weight Polymer in Subjects With Schizophrenia The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02687984 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted (...) PK, Safety, and Tolerability Study of RBP-7000 of Different Molecular Weight Polymer in Subjects With Schizophrenia PK, Safety, and Tolerability Study of RBP-7000 of Different Molecular Weight Polymer in Subjects With Schizophrenia - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number

2016 Clinical Trials

112. Socioeconomic differences in overweight and weight-related behaviors across adolescence and young adulthood: 10-year longitudinal findings from Project EAT. (PubMed)

Socioeconomic differences in overweight and weight-related behaviors across adolescence and young adulthood: 10-year longitudinal findings from Project EAT. Reducing socioeconomic disparities in weight-related health is a public health priority. The purpose of this paper was to examine 10-year longitudinal patterns in overweight and weight-related behaviors from adolescence to young adulthood as a function of family-level socioeconomic status (SES) and educational attainment. Project EAT (...) low SES (mean change=30.7%, 95% CI=25.6%-35.9%) as compared to high SES families (mean change=21.7%, 95% CI=18.2%-25.1%). Behavioral changes from adolescence to young adulthood also differed by SES background; the prevalence of frequent fast food intake (≥3times/week) increased most dramatically in those from low SES (mean change=6%, 95% CI=0.5%-11%) as compared to high SES families (mean change=-1.2%, 95% CI=-5.2%-2.9%). Overall trends suggest that a higher educational attainment mitigates

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Preventive Medicine

113. Assessment of adolescent weight status: Similarities and differences between CDC, IOTF, and WHO references. (PubMed)

Assessment of adolescent weight status: Similarities and differences between CDC, IOTF, and WHO references. The research sought to determine the reliability of assessing adolescents' weight status based on three standard criteria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts, International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) standards, and the World Health Organization (WHO) growth references.Data from the NEXT Generation Health Study US 10th grade cohort (n=2323, mean age=16.19years (...) body image, higher weight control intention, and poorer general health; small differences in the regression coefficients by classification method were observed.The three criteria of weight status classifications substantially agreed. Associations of weight status with selected health correlates were similar regardless of the methods. Thus, the three classifications can be considered comparable for most research and practice purposes.Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Preventive Medicine

114. Lunch-time food choices in preschoolers: relationships between absolute and relative intake of different food categories, and appetitive characteristics and weight (PubMed)

Lunch-time food choices in preschoolers: relationships between absolute and relative intake of different food categories, and appetitive characteristics and weight Children's appetitive characteristics measured by parent-report questionnaires are reliably associated with body weight, as well as behavioral tests of appetite, but relatively little is known about relationships with food choice. As part of a larger preloading study, we served 4-5year olds from primary school classes five school (...) lunches at which they were presented with the same standardized multi-item meal. Parents completed Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) sub-scales assessing satiety responsiveness (CEBQ-SR), food responsiveness (CEBQ-FR) and enjoyment of food (CEBQ-EF), and children were weighed and measured. Despite differing preload conditions, children showed remarkable consistency of intake patterns across all five meals with day-to-day intra-class correlations in absolute and percentage intake of each food

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Physiology & behavior

115. Do Parents Treat Siblings Similarly or Differently with Regard to Feeding Practices, Weight-Related Conversations, and Support for Physical Activity? An Exploratory Analysis (PubMed)

Do Parents Treat Siblings Similarly or Differently with Regard to Feeding Practices, Weight-Related Conversations, and Support for Physical Activity? An Exploratory Analysis It is unknown if parents with more than one adolescent child use similar or different parenting practices of relevance to weight-related health with different children. In particular, it is unclear whether parenting practices differ based on whether siblings are discordant on weight status (i.e., one is overweight/obese (...) , one is nonoverweight/obese) or are different sexes.Data from two linked population-based studies, Eating and Activity in Teens (EAT) 2010 and Families and Eating and Activity in Teens (F-EAT), were used in this exploratory cross-sectional analysis. Participants included socioeconomically and racially/ethnically diverse parents (n = 57; 93% females) and adolescent siblings (n = 57 pairs; 60% girls; mean age = 14.5, range = 11-18). Students filled out surveys and had anthropometric measures taken

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Childhood Obesity

116. Associations between frequency of food shopping at different store types and diet and weight outcomes: findings from the NEWPATH study (PubMed)

intake, waist circumference (WC), weight and height. Diet quality was calculated using the Healthy Eating Index for Canada from a subset of participants (n 1362). Generalized estimating equations were created in 2015 to examine how frequency of patronizing different types of food store was associated with diet quality, intake of fruits and vegetable, mean intake of energy (kcal) sodium and saturated fat, WC and BMI.Three mid-sized urban municipalities in Ontario, Canada.A representative sample (...) Associations between frequency of food shopping at different store types and diet and weight outcomes: findings from the NEWPATH study The present study aimed to: (i) examine associations between food store patronage and diet and weight-related outcomes; and (ii) explore consumer motivations for visiting different types of food store.A stratified probability sample of residents completed household and individual-level surveys in 2009/2010 on food purchasing patterns and motivations, dietary

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Public health nutrition

117. Gender differences in knee abduction during weight-bearing activities: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

the inclusion criteria. Women with PFP had greater peak knee abduction compared to men (Std diff in mean; -1.34, 95%CI; -1.83 to -0.84). In healthy individuals, women performed weight-bearing tasks with greater knee abduction throughout the movement (initial contact, peak abduction, excursion) (Std diff in mean; -0.68 to -0.79, 95%CI; -1.04 to -0.37). In subgroup analyses by task, differences in knee abduction between genders were present for most tasks, including running, jump landings and cutting (...) Gender differences in knee abduction during weight-bearing activities: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Increased knee abduction during weight-bearing activities is suggested to be a contributing factor for the high knee injury risk reported in women. However, studies investigating gender difference in knee abduction are inconclusive.To systematically review gender-differences in knee abduction during weight-bearing activities in individuals with or without knee injury.A systematic review

2016 Gait & posture

118. Great Expectations: Racial Differences in Outcome Expectations for a Weight Lifting Intervention among Black and White Breast Cancer Survivors with or without Lymphedema (PubMed)

Great Expectations: Racial Differences in Outcome Expectations for a Weight Lifting Intervention among Black and White Breast Cancer Survivors with or without Lymphedema Black breast cancer survivors are less likely to engage in physical activity than are White survivors. This is unfortunate because physical activity may be especially beneficial given Black breast cancer survivors' higher rates of obesity and adverse treatment effects related to obesity, such as breast cancer-related lymphedema (...) (BCRL). The analysis explored outcome expectations for a weight lifting intervention by sedentary Black or White female breast cancer survivors and assessed the role of BCRL on outcome expectations for exercise.Chi-squared tests compared mean outcome expectation values for Black and White breast cancer survivors who completed baseline surveys for the Physical Activity and Lymphedema trial (n = 281). With race as the independent variable, multivariable analysis compared results for women without BCRL

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Psycho-oncology

119. Racial and ethnic minority patients report different weight-related care experiences than non-Hispanic Whites (PubMed)

Racial and ethnic minority patients report different weight-related care experiences than non-Hispanic Whites Our objective was to compare patients' health care experiences, related to their weight, across racial and ethnic groups. In Summer 2015, we distributed a written survey with telephone follow-up to a random sample of 5400 racially/ethnically and geographically diverse U.S. adult health plan members with overweight or obesity. The survey assessed members' perceptions of their weight (...) -related healthcare experiences, including their perception of their primary care provider, and the type of weight management services they had been offered, or were interested in. We used multivariable multinomial logistic regression to examine the relationship between race/ethnicity and responses to questions about care experience. Overall, 2811 members (53%) responded to the survey and we included 2725 with complete data in the analysis. Mean age was 52.7 years (SD 15.0), with 61.7% female and 48.3

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Preventive medicine reports

120. Differences of Socio-psychology, Eating Behavior, Diet Quality and Quality of Life in South Korean Women according to Their Weight Status (PubMed)

Differences of Socio-psychology, Eating Behavior, Diet Quality and Quality of Life in South Korean Women according to Their Weight Status We aimed at assessing psychological variables and eating behaviors on quality of diet and life in South Korean women according to their weight status. Socio-psychology, eating behavior, quality of diet and quality of life data were assessed in 114 women (mean age: 34.5 ± 8.09 years). NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-RS) and coping styles questionnaire were (...) used to assess socio-psychology variables, and eating behavior was assessed using the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ), and General Food Craving Questionnaire Test (G-FCQ-T). Quality of diet was analyzed by Diet Quality Index-international (DQI-I), and obesity-related quality of life was evaluated using the Korean Obesity-related Quality of life Scale (KOQOL). Significant differences were in the psychological variables and eating behaviors in the obese

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Clinical nutrition research

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>