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Weighted Mean Difference

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101. Cycled Phototherapy Dose-Finding Study for Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

minutes per hour against TSB level. The comparator arm was usual care (continuous PT). Main outcomes and measures: Mean peak TSB level and total PT hours through day 14 in all 6 centers and predischarge brainstem auditory-evoked response wave V latency in 1 center. Mortality and major morbidities were secondary outcomes despite limited power. Results: Consent was requested for 452 eligible infants and obtained for 305 (all enrolled) (mean [SD] birth weight, 749 [152] g; gestational age, 25.7 [1.9 (...) TSB levels were 7.1 vs 6.4 mg/dL (adjusted difference, 0.7; 95% CI, 0.4-1.1 mg/dL) and mean total PT hours were 34 vs 72 (adjusted difference, -39; 95% CI, -45 to -32). Wave V latency adjusted for postmenstrual age was similar in 37 infants receiving 15 min/h or more of PT and 33 infants receiving continuous PT: 7.42 vs 7.32 milliseconds (difference, 0.10; 95% CI, -0.11 to 0.30 millisecond). The relative risk for death was 0.79 (95% CI, 0.40-1.54), with a risk difference of -4.5% (95% CI, -10.9

2020 EvidenceUpdates

102. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Two Different Macronutrient Profiles on Weight, Body Composition and Metabolic Parameters in Obese Adolescents Seeking Weight Loss. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Two Different Macronutrient Profiles on Weight, Body Composition and Metabolic Parameters in Obese Adolescents Seeking Weight Loss. Adolescent obesity is difficult to treat and the optimal dietary pattern, particularly in relation to macronutrient composition, remains controversial. This study tested the effect of two structured diets with differing macronutrient composition versus control, on weight, body composition and metabolic parameters in obese (...) and biochemical parameters were measured at randomization and after 12 weeks, and analyzed under the intention to treat principle using analysis of variance models.After 12 weeks, data was collected from 79 (91%) participants. BMI z-scores were significantly lower in both intervention groups compared to control after adjusting for baseline values, SLF vs. control, mean difference = -0.13 (95%CI = -0.18, -0.07), P<0.001; SMC vs. control, -0.14 (-0.19, -0.09), P<0.001, but there was no difference between

2016 PloS one Controlled trial quality: uncertain

103. Differences in weight change trajectory patterns in a publicly funded adult weight management centre Full Text available with Trip Pro

counselling. Resultant health differences were examined.Patients had 3.2 ± 6.3%WL with 35% of patients achieving and maintaining a 5%WL. Half of these patients achieved the 5%WL within 6 months, while the other half had a more gradual approach. Another 10% achieved 5%WL, but regained weight after 6 months. There were seven distinct WL patterns identified: LargeWL (Mean WL: 21.2 ± 8.1%; Probability of group membership (PGM): 2.4%), ModerateWL (15.1 ± 5.1%WL; 5.4%PGM), SlowWL (6.7 ± 3.2%WL; 20.1%PGM (...) Differences in weight change trajectory patterns in a publicly funded adult weight management centre To describe differences in weight loss (WL) trajectory patterns at a publicly funded clinical weight management centre.Groups with differences in the attainment of a 5% total body WL and percentage WL patterns over time were identified in 7,121 patients who attended a physician lead multi-disciplinary clinical lifestyle weight management that predominantly focused on education and diet

2016 Obesity science & practice

104. Calorie Estimation in Adults Differing in Body Weight Class and Weight Loss Status Full Text available with Trip Pro

who were either normal weight (NW) or overweight (OW), and either attempting (WL) or not attempting weight loss (noWL), exercised on a treadmill at a moderate (60% HRmax) and a vigorous intensity (75% HRmax) for 25 min. Subsequently, participants estimated the number of calories they expended through exercise and created a meal that they believed to be calorically equivalent to the exercise energy expenditure.The mean difference between estimated and measured calories in exercise and food did (...) Calorie Estimation in Adults Differing in Body Weight Class and Weight Loss Status Ability to accurately estimate calories is important for weight management, yet few studies have investigated whether individuals can accurately estimate calories during exercise or in a meal. The objective of this study was to determine if accuracy of estimation of moderate or vigorous exercise energy expenditure and calories in food is associated with body weight class or weight loss status.Fifty-eight adults

2016 Medicine and science in sports and exercise

105. General medicine: Heat-related chronic kidney disease mortality in the young and old: differing mechanisms, potentially similar solutions?

General medicine: Heat-related chronic kidney disease mortality in the young and old: differing mechanisms, potentially similar solutions? Heat-related chronic kidney disease mortality in the young and old: differing mechanisms, potentially similar solutions? | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu (...) Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Heat-related chronic kidney disease mortality in the young and old: differing mechanisms, potentially similar solutions? Article Text EBM opinion and debate General medicine Heat-related chronic kidney disease mortality in the young and old: differing mechanisms, potentially similar solutions? Tomás Ó Flatharta , Aidan Flynn , Eamon C

2019 Evidence-Based Medicine

106. Biofeedback in Partial Weight Bearing: Usability of Two Different Devices from a Patient's and Physical Therapist's Perspective. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Biofeedback in Partial Weight Bearing: Usability of Two Different Devices from a Patient's and Physical Therapist's Perspective. Partial weight bearing is frequently instructed by physical therapists in patients after lower-limb trauma or surgery. The use of biofeedback devices seems promising to improve the patient's compliance with weight-bearing instructions. SmartStep and OpenGo-Science are biofeedback devices that provide real-time feedback. For a successful implementation, usability (...) with partial weight bearing and their physical therapists were asked to use SmartStep and OpenGo-Science during supervised rehabilitation. Usability was qualitatively tested by a think-aloud method and a semi-structured interview and quantitatively tested by the System-Usability-Scale (SUS) and closed questions. For the qualitative data thematic content analyses were used.Nine pairs of physical therapists and their patients participated. The mean SUS scores for patients and physical therapists were

2016 PLoS ONE

107. Weighted Mean Difference

Weighted Mean Difference Weighted Mean Difference Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Weighted Mean Difference Weighted (...) Mean Difference Aka: Weighted Mean Difference From Related Chapters II. Definition Weighted Mean Difference (WMD) Used in meta-analysis for continuous numerical measurements Each study in a meta-analysis is weighted based on variance III. Interpretation Weighted Mean Difference (WMD) >0 suggests benefit to an intervention (if does not the 0-line) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Weighted Mean Difference." Click

2015 FP Notebook

108. Clozapine combined with different antipsychotic drugs for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

), clinical response in global state (mean score/change in global state), weight gain, leaving the study early (acceptability of treatment), service utilisation outcomes (hospital days or admissions to hospital) and quality of life.We found some significant differences between clozapine combination strategies for global and mental state (clinically significant response and change), and there were data for leaving the study early and weight gain. We found no data for service utilisation and quality of life (...) -resistant schizophrenia (or related disorders) and comparing clozapine plus another antipsychotic drug with clozapine plus a different antipsychotic drug.We extracted data independently. For dichotomous data, we calculated risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) on an intention-to-treat basis using a random-effects meta-analysis. For continuous data, we calculated mean differences (MD) and 95% CIs. We used GRADE to create 'Summary of findings' tables and assessed risk of bias for included

2017 Cochrane

109. What is an Odds Ratio? What does it mean? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here What is an Odds Ratio? What does it mean? Article Text Research made simple What is an Odds Ratio? What does it mean? Free Allison Shorten , Brett Shorten Statistics from Altmetric.com When we read the results of healthcare research, we often read about relationships or associations between different (...) of the control group, the interval does include the value of one. Therefore, there is a chance that the true NICU admission rates could be the same for both groups. This is reinforced by the p value of 0.07, which suggests that based on this study, we are less than 95% confident that a true difference exists. In statistical terms, the difference found is not ‘statistically significant’. What does this mean? We can conclude that this result deserves further study, perhaps using a RCT, to further examine

2015 Evidence-Based Nursing

110. Power Threat Meaning Framework: innovative and important? #PTMFramework

be amused by the idea that they were taking a radical behaviourist perspective! Hope the helps the confusion. Penny Priest replied: View In what way is it a different use of the word functional? And why would the PTMF authors not be amused by this? replied: View Thanks Penny. This is pretty fundamental. Functional analysis has a specific meaning, and typically is validated by extablishing experimental control. For FA 101 see this: By contrast, see how function is considered in psychoanalysis 101 here (...) Power Threat Meaning Framework: innovative and important? #PTMFramework Power Threat Meaning Framework: innovative & important? #PTMFramework Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » Power Threat Meaning Framework: innovative and important? #PTMFramework May 2 2018 Posted by >, The past 50 years has seen globalisation of psychiatric diagnostic (categorical) frameworks. Early versions were notoriously unreliable; when categories are unreliable they cannot be valid, meaning

2018 The Mental Elf

111. Alignment of diet prescription to genotype does not promote greater weight loss success in women with obesity participating in an exercise and weight loss program. Full Text available with Trip Pro

program. Data were analysed by general linear model repeated measures adjusted for baseline variables and are presented as mean (95% confidence interval) changes from baseline.Participants in the LC group experienced greater improvements (p = 0.051, ηp2 = 0.025) in per cent changes in body composition (weight: MC -3.32 [-1.4, -5.2], LC -5.82 [-4.1, -7.6]; fat mass: MC -7.25 [-3.2, -11.2], LC -10.93 [-7.3, -14.5]; fat-free mass: MC -0.32 [1.4, -2.0], LC -1.48 [0.7, -3.0]; and body fat percentage: MC (...) -4.19 [-1.6, -6.8], LC -5.60 [-3.3, -7.9] %). No significant differences were observed between genotype groups (weight: A -5.00 [-3.3, -6.7], NA -4.14 [-2.2, -6.1]; fat mass: A -10.15 [-7.0, -13.6], NA -8.02 [-4.0, -12.0]; fat-free mass: A -1.23 [0.3, -2.8], NA -0.56 [1.12, -2.3]; and body fat: A -5.28 [-3.0, -7.6], NA -4.51 [-1.9, -7.1] %).Adherence to this exercise and weight-loss program promoted improvements in body composition and health outcomes. While individuals following the LC diet

2018 Obesity science & practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

112. Associations of Parental General Monitoring with Adolescent Weight-Related Behaviors and Weight Status. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Associations of Parental General Monitoring with Adolescent Weight-Related Behaviors and Weight Status. This study examined how parental general monitoring (PGM), which refers to parental awareness of adolescents' activities in various domains, is associated with adolescents' weight status and related behaviors and whether these relationships differ among racial/ethnic groups.Data are from 4,088 Black, Latino, and White youth assessed in seventh grade (mean age = 13.06). BMI percentile based (...) on measured height and weight indicated weight status. PGM was assessed by adolescent report of parents' awareness of money spending, friends, and whereabouts. Adolescents reported both healthy and unhealthy dietary intake (DI), physical activity, and screen time over the past 7 days. Total sample and multigroup structural models were estimated.PGM was associated with lower weight status for the total sample, as well as being positively associated with healthy DI and physical activity and inversely

2018 Obesity

113. Effect of intermittent compared to continuous energy restriction on weight loss and weight maintenance after 12 months in healthy overweight or obese adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

as the continuous group for one week and one week of habitual diet), or 5:2 (2100 kJ/day on modified fast days each week for women and 2520 kJ/day for men, the 2 days of energy restriction could be consecutive or non-consecutive). Primary outcome was weight loss, and secondary outcomes were changes in body composition, blood lipids, and glucose.For the 146 individuals who completed the study (124 female, 22 male, mean BMI 33 kg/m2) mean weight loss, and body fat loss at 12 months was similar in the three (...) intervention groups, -6.6 kg for CER, -5.1 kg for the week-on, week-off and -5.0 kg for 5:2 (p = 0.2 time by diet). Discontinuation rates were not different (p = 0.4). HDL-cholesterol rose (7%) and triglycerides decreased (13%) at 12 months with no differences between groups. No changes were seen for fasting glucose or LDL-cholesterol.The two forms of IER were not statistically different for weight loss, body composition, and cardiometabolic risk factors compared to CER.

2018 International Journal of Obesity Controlled trial quality: uncertain

114. Value of Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Combined with Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging in Differentiating Benign from Malignant Parotid Gland Lesions Full Text available with Trip Pro

patients (26 benign cases and 10 malignant cases) were confirmed by surgical pathology. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), normalized ADC (ADCNormalized), intratumoral susceptibility signals (ITSS), and morphological characteristics were analyzed with SPSS 19.0 software. RESULTS The mean ADC values of parotid gland lesions was not different between malignant and benign lesions (P=0.07), while the differences between ADCNormalized (P=0.026) and ITSS grading (P=0.014) were statistically (...) Value of Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Combined with Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging in Differentiating Benign from Malignant Parotid Gland Lesions BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in combination with susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) for differentiating benign parotid gland lesions from malignant ones. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study was approved by the Ethics Committee of our hospital. A total of 36

2018 Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research

115. Greater improvements in diet quality among overweight participants following a group-based commercial weight loss programme than those receiving support to lose weight in primary care Full Text available with Trip Pro

and energy density over time between groups, and their relationships with weight loss.The CP group demonstrated greater mean weight loss than the SC group at 6 months (3.3 kg, 95% CI: 2.2, 4.4) and 12 months (3.3 kg, 95% CI: 2.1, 4.5). Diet quality improved in both intervention groups at 6 and 12 months. However, the CP group (n = 228) achieved significantly greater mean reductions in energy intake (mean difference; 95% CI: - 503 kJ/d; - 913, - 93), dietary energy density (- 0.48 MJ/g; - 0.81, - 0.16 (...) ), total fat (- 6.9 g/d; - 11.9, - 1.8), saturated fat (- 3.3 g/d; - 5.4, - 1.1), and significantly greater mean increases in fibre density (0.30 g/MJ; 0.15, 0.44) at 6 months than the SC group (n = 239). Similar differences persisted at 12 months and the CP group showed greater mean increases in protein density (0.65 g/MJ). In both groups, weight loss was associated with increased fibre density (0.68 kg per g/MJ, 95% CI: 0.08, 1.27) and protein density (0.26 kg per g/MJ, 95% CI: 0.10, 0.41).Following

2018 Nutrition journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

116. Computed diffusion weighted imaging (cDWI) and voxelwise-computed diffusion weighted imaging (vcDWI) for oncologic liver imaging: A pilot study Full Text available with Trip Pro

with b = 100,600,800,1000 and 1500s/mm2. cDWI (cb1000/cb1500) and vcDWI were computed based on following combinations: i) b = 100/600 s/mm2, ii) b = 100/800 s/mm2, iii) b = 100/1000s/mm2, iv) b = 100/600/1000s/mm2 v) all measured b-values. Mean signal intensity (SI) and standard deviation (SD) in the liver, spleen, kidney, bone marrow and in liver lesions were acquired. The coefficient of variation (CV = SD/SI), the differences of SI between measured and calculated high b-value images and the lesion (...) Computed diffusion weighted imaging (cDWI) and voxelwise-computed diffusion weighted imaging (vcDWI) for oncologic liver imaging: A pilot study Aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of the selection of measured b-values on the precision of cDWI in the upper abdomen as well as on the lesion contrast of PET-positive liver metastases in cDWI and vcDWI.We performed a retrospective analysis of 10 patients (4 m, 63.5 ± 12.9 y/o) with PET-positive liver metastases examined in 3 T-PET/MRI

2018 European Journal of Radiology Open

117. Success of a weight loss plan for overweight dogs: The results of an international weight loss study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

descriptions.At baseline, median (range) age was 74 (12 to 193) months and median body condition score was 8 (range 7-9). 896 of the 926 dogs (97%) lost weight, with mean weight loss being 11.4 ±5.84%. Sexually intact dogs lost more weight than neutered dogs (P = 0.001), whilst female dogs lost more weight than male dogs (P = 0.007), with the difference being more pronounced in North and South American dogs (median [Q1, Q3]: female: 11.5% [8.5%, 14.5%]; male: 9.1% [6.3%, 12.1%], P = 0.053) compared with those (...) Success of a weight loss plan for overweight dogs: The results of an international weight loss study. Obesity is a global concern in dogs with an increasing prevalence, and effective weight loss solutions are required that work in different geographical regions. The main objective was to conduct an international, multi-centre, weight loss trial to determine the efficacy of a dietary weight loss intervention in obese pet dogs.A 3-month prospective observational cohort study of weight loss in 926

2017 PLoS ONE

118. Weight and Shape Concern Impacts Weight Gain Prevention in the SNAP Trial: Implications for Tailoring Intervention Delivery. Full Text available with Trip Pro

), self-regulation with large changes (to facilitate preemptive weight loss of 5-10 lb), or self-guided control. WSC was assessed by using one item from the Eating Disorders Assessment. ANOVA was used to examine whether the association between baseline level of WSC and percent weight change over 24 months differed across treatment conditions.Approximately 22% of participants reported high WSC (37% moderate; 41% low). WSC and treatment condition interacted to influence weight change at 24 months (P (...)  = 0.03). Individuals with high WSC gained weight in the large changes group (WSC least squares means ± SE, high: + 0.73% ± 1.19%; moderate: -2.74% ± 0.84%; low: -2.41% ± 0.79%). The small changes condition was particularly effective for those with high WSC (high WSC: -2.49% ± 1.16%; moderate: -0.60% ± 0.88%; low: -0.71% ± 0.80%). WSC did not impact weight change among control participants.Individuals with high WSC may benefit from a small-changes approach to weight gain prevention. These findings

2018 Obesity Controlled trial quality: uncertain

119. Comparison of a Weight Bearing and a Non-weight Bearing Protocol on Osteoporotic Women With Chronic Low Back Pain

studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Comparison of a Weight Bearing and a Non-weight Bearing Protocol on Osteoporotic Women With Chronic Low Back Pain The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov (...) , each participant will be assigned to one of two groups - weight bearing group or non-weight bearing group. After recruiting at least 3 participants in each group, a different investigator will begin a specific exercise protocol for each of the groups for four weeks - twice a week, 45 minutes each time, a total of 8 sessions. After each participant finishes all 8 sessions, she will be tested for the second time by the first investigator, the same tests as the first time. A third identical test

2018 Clinical Trials

120. Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of a Reverse Diet as a Novel Weight Loss Maintenance Strategy for Weight-Reduced Adults With Overweight/Obesity

Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of a Reverse Diet as a Novel Weight Loss Maintenance Strategy for Weight-Reduced Adults With Overweight/Obesity The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical (...) for the weight-reduced population we will enroll. While the DPP Post-CORE program includes 15 sessions delivered over 15-months, we will deliver sessions #1-12 and 15 over a 12-week period. Content for sessions 13 and 14 from the DPP Post-CORE curriculum focus specifically on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Heart Disease. The informational handouts will be provided to participants, but not specifically covered in weekly meetings. Groups will differ only in specific caloric prescriptions (described in the Arms

2018 Clinical Trials

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