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81. Weight Loss to Prevent Obesity-Related Morbidity and Mortality in Adults: Behavioral Interventions

weight gain compared with participants in control groups (pooled mean difference in weight change, −1.59 kg [−3.5 lb] [95% CI, −2.38 to −0.79]; 8 studies [n = 1408]; I 2 = 26.8%). Pharmacotherapy-Based Weight Loss and Weight Loss Maintenance Interventions Pharmacotherapy trials evaluated liraglutide (4 trials), lorcaserin (4 trials), naltrexone and bupropion (3 trials), orlistat (21 trials), and phentermine-topiramate (3 trials) in combination with behavioral counseling. The review of pharmacotherapy (...) . At 12 to 18 months, participants in pharmacotherapy-based weight loss trials (32 trials) had more weight loss compared with placebo groups (mean or least squares mean difference in weight change, −1.0 kg [−2.2 lb] to −5.8 kg [−12.8 lb]). , Participants also experienced a greater decrease in waist circumference and a greater likelihood of losing 5% of their initial weight compared with placebo groups. Three pharmacotherapy-based weight loss maintenance trials showed that participants receiving

2018 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

82. Managing heterogeneity when pooling data from different surveillance systems

. A multiplication factor to account for differences in the new and old systems can be applied to national data to ensure consistency over time. The calculation of this factor can be undertaken through a variety of means including the use of serial capture-recapture studies to estimate the levels of under-reporting over time [20]. If the impact is deemed major, national data should not be included in pooled estimates and should be excluded from trend analysis or if possible presented stratified. Clear (...) weighting [28]. When this is not possible, pooling should be avoided or analyses restricted to the countries with unbiased data. More details in case study 4. Managing heterogeneity when pooling data from different surveillance systems TECHNICAL REPORT 10 Table 2.4. Impact of and approaches to accounting for heterogeneity due to surveillance system structures and operations when pooling data for risk factor analysis Source of heterogeneity Impact of and approaches to accounting for heterogeneous

2019 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

83. The impact of care farms on quality of life, depression and anxiety among different population groups: A systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

The impact of care farms on quality of life, depression and anxiety among different population groups: A systematic review The impact of care farms on quality of life, depression and anxiety among different population groups: A systematic review - Murray - 2019 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access The impact of care farms (...) on quality of life, depression and anxiety among different population groups: A systematic review Academic Unit of Public Health, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK Academic Unit of Public Health, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK Plant Research International, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands Care Farming UK, Bedminster, UK Academic Unit of Public Health, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

2019 Campbell Collaboration

84. Effect of Bariatric Surgery-Induced Weight Loss on Platelet Count and Mean Platelet Volume: a 12-Month Follow-Up Study. (Abstract)

), including measure of mean platelet volume (MPV).At the 12-month follow-up, the reduction in preoperative weight was 29 ± 9 %. We showed a significant decrease in platelet count (245 ± 62 vs. 234 ± 54 G/L; p = 0.0015) found in parallel with a non-significant decrease in MPV (9.27 ± 1.1 vs. 9.22 ± 1.05; p = 0.34). With regard to the intervention type, SG caused a more significant decrease in platelet count than RYGBP (p = 0.02). There was no significant difference in MPV variations between the two groups (...) Effect of Bariatric Surgery-Induced Weight Loss on Platelet Count and Mean Platelet Volume: a 12-Month Follow-Up Study. Abdominal obesity is strongly correlated with cardiovascular risk and associated with platelet hyperactivity. This hyperactivity is associated with an increase in mean platelet volume (MPV). Few data are available about changes in platelet counts and MPV in obese patients after bariatric surgery (BS). The purpose of this study was to describe quantitative and qualitative

2016 Obesity Surgery

85. On the meaning of the weighted alternative free-response operating characteristic figure of merit Full Text available with Trip Pro

On the meaning of the weighted alternative free-response operating characteristic figure of merit The free-response receiver operating characteristic (FROC) method is being increasingly used to evaluate observer performance in search tasks. Data analysis requires definition of a figure of merit (FOM) quantifying performance. While a number of FOMs have been proposed, the recommended one, namely, the weighted alternative FROC (wAFROC) FOM, is not well understood. The aim of this work (...) is to clarify the meaning of this FOM by relating it to the empirical area under a proposed wAFROC curve.The weighted wAFROC FOM is defined in terms of a quasi-Wilcoxon statistic that involves weights, coding the clinical importance, assigned to each lesion. A new wAFROC curve is proposed, the y-axis of which incorporates the weights, giving more credit for marking clinically important lesions, while the x-axis is identical to that of the AFROC curve. An expression is derived relating the area under

2016 Medical physics

86. Mean Platelet Volume, Vitamin D and C Reactive Protein Levels in Normal Weight Children with Primary Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mean Platelet Volume, Vitamin D and C Reactive Protein Levels in Normal Weight Children with Primary Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Studies on Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) in children with Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) report conflicting results and the hypothesis of an intermittent hypoxemia leading to a systemic inflammation is reaching consensus. Vitamin D exerts anti-inflammatory properties and its deficiency has been supposed to play a role in sleep disorders. Emerging (...) interest is rising about Primary Snoring (PS) since it is reasonable that also undetectable alteration of hypoxia might predispose to an increased production of inflammatory mediators. In this perspective, in a group of children affected by SDB, our aim was to investigate MPV, vitamin D and C Reactive Protein (CRP) levels, which had been previously evaluated separately in different studies focused only on Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS).We enrolled 137 children: 70 healthy controls (HC), 67

2016 PloS one

87. SCAT2 and SCAT3 scores at baseline and after sports-related mild brain injury/concussion: qualitative synthesis with weighted means Full Text available with Trip Pro

20.09, BESS 25.54, SAC 27.51 and total SCAT2 91.20. Between-study and within-study variability similar to those of the high schoolers. Limited variability between genders. Only 2 studies report baseline and postconcussion scores and 9 partial scores, but data are too limited to provide weighted average scores.Group mean baseline SCAT scores for high school and collegiate athletes are similar, with minimal gender differences; baseline symptoms show more variability than other components (...) SCAT2 and SCAT3 scores at baseline and after sports-related mild brain injury/concussion: qualitative synthesis with weighted means Identify all Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT2/3) studies, compare baseline and postconcussion results.Systematic review (qualitative synthesis, weighted means).18 databases, 9 grey literature resources searched for SCAT2/3 data; 9150 articles identified, titles/abstracts assessed/data-entry independently by two reviewers.Any studies reporting partial

2016 BMJ Open Sport — Exercise Medicine

88. Proposed mechanisms whereby nutrients and different nutrient combinations lead to weight gain and obesity: a systematic review and quality assessment of systematic reviews

Proposed mechanisms whereby nutrients and different nutrient combinations lead to weight gain and obesity: a systematic review and quality assessment of systematic reviews Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (...) points). We will test the robustness of linear regression of time-to-treatment by performing stratified analysis (treatment pre-ischemia vs during vs post-ischemia). We will assess the effect of our decision to pool all reported scales for histological damage by re-running the analyses using only data from studies using the Jablonski scale. ">Sensitivity Example: For meta-analyses using the mean difference or risk ration as effect measure and containing at least 20 studies, we will produce funnel

2018 PROSPERO

89. Effects of different pharmacologic smoking-cessation treatments on body weight changes in patients with nicotine dependence: a network meta-analysis

Effects of different pharmacologic smoking-cessation treatments on body weight changes in patients with nicotine dependence: a network meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) points). We will test the robustness of linear regression of time-to-treatment by performing stratified analysis (treatment pre-ischemia vs during vs post-ischemia). We will assess the effect of our decision to pool all reported scales for histological damage by re-running the analyses using only data from studies using the Jablonski scale. ">Sensitivity Example: For meta-analyses using the mean difference or risk ration as effect measure and containing at least 20 studies, we will produce funnel

2018 PROSPERO

90. Effect of different diets on weight and other outcomes in long term trials

Effect of different diets on weight and other outcomes in long term trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect (...) to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect measure The random-effects model

2018 PROSPERO

91. Effect of different behavioral change theories for loosing weight during a long term period among overweight and obese adults in randomized clinical trials

Effect of different behavioral change theories for loosing weight during a long term period among overweight and obese adults in randomized clinical trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) points). We will test the robustness of linear regression of time-to-treatment by performing stratified analysis (treatment pre-ischemia vs during vs post-ischemia). We will assess the effect of our decision to pool all reported scales for histological damage by re-running the analyses using only data from studies using the Jablonski scale. ">Sensitivity Example: For meta-analyses using the mean difference or risk ration as effect measure and containing at least 20 studies, we will produce funnel

2018 PROSPERO

92. Preventing excess weight gain

of the guideline in 2011. Healthy weight 3.2 The majority of evidence in the reviews considered by the Committee tended to define a healthy weight as a BMI of 18.5 kg/m 2 to 24.9 kg/m 2 , in line with existing NICE guidelines (see NICE's guideline on obesity). However, the Committee recognised that, given that mean BMI is around 27 kg/m 2 for adults, the aim for many people may be to prevent further weight gain. The Committee also recognised that what is considered a 'healthy weight' may differ by ethnic group (...) a healthy weight or preventing excess weight gain and people who commission, design, implement or evaluate interventions that directly or indirectly help different population groups maintain a healthy weight or prevent excess weight gain. (For further details, see related NICE guidance). In addition, it may be of interest to members of the public. Note that the guideline recommendations are based on the best available evidence. Practical examples are based on wider population recommendations

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

93. [Sugammadex by ideal body weight versus 20% and 40% corrected weight in bariatric surgery - double-blind randomized clinical trial]. Full Text available with Trip Pro

the patient's ability to pass from the surgical bed to the transport, adequacy of oxygenation, respiratory pattern, ability to swallow saliva and clarity of vision.Groups were homogenous in gender, age, total body weight, ideal body weight, body mass index, type and time of surgery. The reversal times (s) were (mean±standard deviation) 225.2±81.2, 173.9±86.8 and 174.1±74.9 respectively, in the IW, CW20 and CW40 groups (p=0.087).No differences were observed between groups with neuromuscular blockade reversal (...) [Sugammadex by ideal body weight versus 20% and 40% corrected weight in bariatric surgery - double-blind randomized clinical trial]. The weight parameters for use of sugammadex in morbidly obese patients still need to be defined.A prospective clinical trial was conducted with sixty participants with body mass index≥40kg.m-2 during bariatric surgery, randomized into three groups: ideal weight (IW), 20% corrected body weight (CW20) and 40% corrected body weight (CW40). All patients received total

2019 Revista brasileira de anestesiologia Controlled trial quality: uncertain

94. A self-help diet and physical activity intervention with dietetic support for weight management in men treated for prostate cancer: pilot study of the Prostate Cancer Weight Management (PRO-MAN) randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

-intervention of the supporting letter, a pedometer and access to the web-based resources. Sixty-two men were randomised; fifty-four completed baseline and 12-week measurements, and fifty-one and twenty-seven provided measurements at 6 and 12 months, respectively. In a repeated-measures model, mean difference in weight change between groups (wait-list mini-intervention minus intervention) at 12 weeks was -2·13 (95 % CI -3·44, -0·82) kg (P = 0·002). At 12 months the corresponding value was -2·43 (95 % CI -4 (...) ·50, -0·37) kg (P = 0·022). Mean difference in global quality of life score change between groups at 12 weeks was 12·3 (95 % CI 4·93, 19·7) (P = 0·002); at 12 months there were no significant differences between groups. Results suggest the potential of self-help diet and physical activity intervention with trained support for modest but sustained weight loss in this patient group.

2019 The British journal of nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

95. Effect of Early Parenteral Nutrition Discontinuation on Time to Regain Birth Weight in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

to the intervention and control groups, respectively. The primary outcome measure was the mean difference in time (days) to regain birth weight.The groups were well matched at study entry. Patients in the intervention group regained birth weight more slowly (mean difference 1.5 days CI: 0.3-2.7 days, P = 0.01). The mean difference in time to regain birth weight for infants <1000 g was 2.8 days (95% CI: 0.8-4.8 days, P = 0.008).In VLBW infants, early PICC removal at an enteral feed volume of 100 mL/kg/day compared (...) Effect of Early Parenteral Nutrition Discontinuation on Time to Regain Birth Weight in Very Low Birth Weight Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are used to administer parenteral nutrition (PN) in very low birth weight infants (VLBW; <1500 g). Clinicians try to optimize early nutrition but also minimize the risks associated with intravascular devices. The objective of this study was to examine the early nutrition impact of discontinuing PN

2019 JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition Controlled trial quality: predicted high

96. Effects of cognitive behavioral therapy on weight maintenance after successful weight loss in women; a randomized clinical trial. (Abstract)

-45 years], who had lost at least 10% of their body weight by using a weight loss program, were randomly allocated to either CBT or control group for a further 24-week weight-maintenance period.Compared with control group, CBT treatment improved weight loss maintenance (mean difference, -2.2 kg [95% CI, -3.50, -0.94]; P = 0.001), BMI (mean difference, -0.77 kg/m²; [95% CI, -1.25, -0.28]; P = 0.002), and waist circumference (mean difference, -2.08 cm; [95% CI, -3.31, -0.844]; P = 0.001) at the end (...) of the 24-week period intervention. Estimated energy intake showed a significant reduction over time in CBT group, while it increased in control group (P < 0.001). There was also a significant group × time interaction for mean daily steps over the 24-week period with CBT having a higher level (P < 0.001). However, changes in lipid profiles and carbohydrate metabolism were not significantly different between the groups.Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective tool for weight maintenance over a 24

2019 European journal of clinical nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

97. Behavioural intervention for weight loss maintenance versus standard weight advice in adults with obesity: A randomised controlled trial in the UK (NULevel Trial). Full Text available with Trip Pro

on their weight. After 12 months, we measured the primary outcome, weight (kilograms), as well as frequency of self-weighing, objective physical activity (via accelerometry), psychological variables, and cost-effectiveness. The study was powered to detect a between-group weight difference of ±2.5 kg at follow-up. Overall, 264 participants (92%) completed the trial. Mean weight gain from baseline to 12 months was 1.8 kg (95% CI 0.5-3.1) in the intervention group (n = 131) and 1.8 kg (95% CI 0.6-3.0 (...) ) in the control group (n = 133). There was no evidence of an effect on weight at 12 months (difference in adjusted mean weight change from baseline: -0.07 [95% CI 1.7 to -1.9], p = 0.9). Intervention participants weighed themselves more frequently than control participants and were more physically active. Intervention participants reported greater satisfaction with weight outcomes, more planning for dietary and physical activity goals and for managing lapses, and greater confidence for healthy eating, weight

2019 PLoS medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

98. Association between mean platelet volume and bone mineral density in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association between mean platelet volume and bone mineral density in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging [Purpose] The aim this study was to assess the relation between bone mineral density (BMD) and mean platelet volume (MPV) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients, and evaluate the diagnostic role of the diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). [Subjects and Methods] Fifty patients diagnosed with AS were (...) divided into two groups on the basis of BMD, a normal group (n=30) and an osteopenic (n=20) group. [Results] Duration of disease in the group with a normal BMD was 10.3±7.0 years, while it was 16.7±12.2 years in the osteopenia group. MPV was high in the osteopenia group, while no significant differences were observed between the groups in terms of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and platelet distribution width (PDW). There was a positive correlation between MPV and duration of disease

2015 Journal of physical therapy science

99. A telehealth lifestyle intervention to reduce excess gestational weight gain in pregnant women with overweight or obesity (GLOW): a randomised, parallel-group, controlled trial

]; mean between-group difference -0·07 kg per week, 95% CI -0·09 to -0·04). No between-group differences in perinatal complications were observed. Interpretation: Our evidence-based programme showed that health-care delivery systems could further adapt to meet the needs of their clinical settings to prevent excess GWG and improve healthy behaviours and markers of insulin resistance among women with overweight or obesity by using telehealth lifestyle interventions. Funding: US National Institutes (...) A telehealth lifestyle intervention to reduce excess gestational weight gain in pregnant women with overweight or obesity (GLOW): a randomised, parallel-group, controlled trial A Telehealth Lifestyle Intervention to Reduce Excess Gestational Weight Gain in Pregnant Women With Overweight or Obesity (GLOW): A Randomised, Parallel-Group, Controlled Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search

2020 EvidenceUpdates

100. Effect of Telehealth Extended Care for Maintenance of Weight Loss in Rural US Communities: A Randomized Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

% body weight reduction at follow-up. Results: Among 445 participants (mean [SD] age, 55.4 [10.2] years; 368 [82.7%] women; 329 [73.9%] white), 149 participants (33.5%) were randomized to individual telephone counseling, 143 participants (32.1%) were randomized to group telephone counseling, and 153 participants (34.4%) were randomized to the email education control. Mean (SD) baseline weight was 99.9 (14.6) kg, and mean (SD) weight loss after the initial intervention was 8.3 (4.9) kg. Mean weight (...) Effect of Telehealth Extended Care for Maintenance of Weight Loss in Rural US Communities: A Randomized Clinical Trial Effect of Telehealth Extended Care for Maintenance of Weight Loss in Rural US Communities: A Randomized Clinical Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health National Library

2020 EvidenceUpdates

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