How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

123,688 results for

Weighted Mean Difference

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

61. A systematic review with meta-analyses of text message-delivered behaviour change interventions for weight loss and weight loss maintenance. (Abstract)

management interventions to control groups, published between 1990 and 2018. Weight change was examined using random effects meta-analyses at intervention cessation and postintervention follow-up. Subgroup analyses examined intervention duration, SMS frequency, theory use, SMS interactivity, and SMS tailoring. Fifteen studies met inclusion criteria (2705 participants). For weight loss interventions (n = 12, 1977 participants), the mean difference in weight change was -2.28 kg (95% confidence interval [CI (...) ] -3.17 to -1.36 kg). No studies reported postintervention follow-up. For weight loss maintenance interventions (n = 3, 728 participants), the mean difference in weight change was -0.68 kg (95% CI, -1.31 to -0.05 kg), and postintervention follow-up (n = 2, 498 participants) effects were -0.57 kg (95% CI, -1.67 to 0.53 kg). No subgroup differences were found. SMS-delivered behaviour change interventions for weight loss led to significant small to moderate weight loss and weight loss maintenance

2020 Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

62. Patterns in Weight and Physical Activity Tracking Data Preceding a Stop in Weight Monitoring: Observational Analysis. (Full text)

weeks of the 6-week long stop in weight tracking.People lost weight during continuous tracking (mean -0.47 kg, SD 1.73) but gained weight preceding the stop in weight tracking (mean 0.25 kg, SD 1.62; difference 0.71 kg; 95% CI 0.60 to 0.81). Average daily steps (beta=-220 daily steps per time period; 95% CI -320 to -120) and physical activity tracking frequency (beta=-3.4 days per time period; 95% CI -3.8 to -3.1) significantly declined from the continuous tracking to the pre-stop period. From pre (...) Patterns in Weight and Physical Activity Tracking Data Preceding a Stop in Weight Monitoring: Observational Analysis. Self-regulation for weight loss requires regular self-monitoring of weight, but the frequency of weight tracking commonly declines over time.This study aimed to investigate whether it is a decline in weight loss or a drop in motivation to lose weight (using physical activity tracking as a proxy) that may be prompting a stop in weight monitoring.We analyzed weight and physical

2020 Journal of medical Internet research PubMed abstract

63. Apparent diffusion coefficient normalization of normal liver: Will it improve the reproducibility of diffusion-weighted imaging at different MR scanners as a new biomarker? (Full text)

Apparent diffusion coefficient normalization of normal liver: Will it improve the reproducibility of diffusion-weighted imaging at different MR scanners as a new biomarker? Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurement in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been reported to be a helpful biomarker for detection and characterization of lesion. In view of the importance of ADC measurement reproducibility, the aim of this study was to probe the variability of the healthy hepatic ADC values (...) were found to be satisfactory with ICC values of 0.773 to 0.905. In session 1, the liver nADCs obtained from different scanners were consistent (P = 0.112) without any significant difference in multiple comparison (P = 0.117 to >0.99) by using 2-way analysis of variance with post-hoc analysis of Bonferroni method, although the liver ADCs varied significantly (P < 0.001). nADCs measured by 3 scanners were in good interscanner agreements with ICCs of 0.685 to 0.776. The mean CV of nADCs of both 1.5T

2017 Medicine PubMed abstract

64. Weight Loss Associated With Different Patterns of Self-Monitoring Using the Mobile Phone App My Meal Mate. (Full text)

Weight Loss Associated With Different Patterns of Self-Monitoring Using the Mobile Phone App My Meal Mate. Obesity is a major global public health issue due to its association with a number of serious chronic illnesses and its high economic burden to health care providers. Self-monitoring of diet has been consistently linked to weight loss. However, there is limited evidence about how frequently individuals need to monitor their diet for optimal weight loss.The aim of this paper is to describe (...) -monitor their dietary intake. All food consumption data were automatically uploaded with a time and date stamp. Post hoc regression analysis of app usage patterns was undertaken in the My Meal Mate group (n=43; female: 77%, 33/43; white: 100%, 43/43; age: mean 41, SD 9 years; body mass index: mean 34, SD 4 kg/m2) to explore the relationship between frequency and pattern of electronic dietary self-monitoring and weight loss. Baseline characteristics of participants were also investigated to identify

2017 JMIR mHealth and uHealth Controlled trial quality: predicted high PubMed abstract

65. Effects of feeding different varieties of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) straws with concentrate supplement on feed intake, digestibility, body weight gain and carcass characteristics of Arsi-Bale sheep (Full text)

Effects of feeding different varieties of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) straws with concentrate supplement on feed intake, digestibility, body weight gain and carcass characteristics of Arsi-Bale sheep A study was conducted to evaluate the varietal differences among faba bean straws and also to assess the potentials of faba bean straws supplemented with concentrate fed at the rate 70% straws and 30% concentrate mixture on feed intake, digestibility, body weight gain and carcass characteristics (...) of the animals.Forty yearling Arsi-Bale sheep with initial body weight of 19.85±0.29 kg (mean± standard deviation) were grouped in a randomized complete block design into eight blocks of five animals each based on their initial body weight. Straws included in the study were from Mosisa (T1M), Walki (T2W), Degaga (T3D), Shallo (T4S), and local (T5L) varieties of faba bean and concentrate (2:1 ratio of wheat bran to "noug" seed cake). The experiment consisted of seven days of digestibility and 90 days of feeding

2017 Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences PubMed abstract

66. Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery: Do Clinical and Behavioral Factors Explain Racial Differences? (Abstract)

/ethnicity and examined baseline demographic, clinical (BMI, comorbidities, quality of life), and behavioral (eating behavior, physical activity level, alcohol intake) factors that might explain observed racial differences in weight loss at 1 and 2 years after WLS.Of 537 participants who underwent either Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (54%) or gastric banding (46%), 85% completed 1-year follow-up and 73% completed 2-year follow-up. Patients lost a mean of 33.00% of initial weight at year 1 and 32.43% at year 2 (...) Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery: Do Clinical and Behavioral Factors Explain Racial Differences? Prior studies have suggested less weight loss among African American compared to Caucasian patients; however, few studies have been able to simultaneously account for baseline differences in other demographic, clinical, or behavioral factors.We interviewed patients at two weight loss surgery (WLS) centers and conducted chart reviews before and after WLS. We compared weight loss post-WLS by race

2017 Obesity Surgery

67. How Accurate Are Pediatric Emergency Tapes? A Comparison of 4 Emergency Tapes With Different Length-Based Weight Categorization. (Full text)

How Accurate Are Pediatric Emergency Tapes? A Comparison of 4 Emergency Tapes With Different Length-Based Weight Categorization. Pediatric emergency tapes have been developed to support paramedics and emergency physicians when dosing drugs and selecting medical equipment in pediatric emergency situations. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of 4 pediatric emergency tapes to correctly estimate patient's weight based on a large population of patients.Patients undergoing general (...) anesthesia between January 2012 and March 2015 with documented age, sex, body weight, and length were identified from the electronic anesthesia patient data management system of the Department of Anaesthesia, University Children's Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland. Weight estimation by means of the Broselow-Tape, the Pädiatrisches Notfalllineal, the Paulino System, and the Kinder-Sicher were compared with true patient's weight. Percentages of estimated body weight within a ±10% and ±20% interval were

2017 Pediatric Emergency Care PubMed abstract

68. Impact of Different Analytic Approaches on the Analysis of the Breast Fibroglandular Tissue Using Diffusion Weighted Imaging (Full text)

Impact of Different Analytic Approaches on the Analysis of the Breast Fibroglandular Tissue Using Diffusion Weighted Imaging Purpose. This study investigated the impact of the different region of interest (ROI) approaches on measurement of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in the breast firbroglandular tissue (FT). Methods. Breast MR images of 38 women diagnosed with unilateral breast cancer were studied. Percent density (PD) and ADC were measured from the contralateral normal breast (...) . Four different ROIs were used for ADC measurement. The measured PD and ADC were correlated. Results. Among the four ROIs, the manually placed small ROI on FT gave the highest mean ADC (ADC = 1839 ± 343 [×10-6 mm2/s]), while measurement from the whole breast gave the lowest mean ADC (ADC = 933 ± 383 [×10-6 mm2/s]). The ADC measured from the whole breast was highly correlated with PD with r = 0.95. In slice-to-slice comparison, the central slices with more FT had higher ADC values than the peripheral

2017 BioMed research international PubMed abstract

69. Intake and Dietary Food Sources of Fibre in Spain: Differences with Regard to the Prevalence of Excess Body Weight and Abdominal Obesity in Adults of the ANIBES Study (Full text)

Intake and Dietary Food Sources of Fibre in Spain: Differences with Regard to the Prevalence of Excess Body Weight and Abdominal Obesity in Adults of the ANIBES Study The aim was to study the intake and food sources of fibre in a representative sample of Spanish adults and to analyse its association with excess body weight and abdominal obesity. A sample of 1655 adults (18-64 years) from the ANIBES ("Anthropometric data, macronutrients and micronutrients intake, practice of physical activity (...) Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the Institute of Medicine of the United States (IOM). Main fibre dietary food sources were grains, followed by vegetables, fruits, and pulses. In the whole sample, considering sex, and after adjusting for age and physical activity, mean (standard error) fibre intake (adjusted by energy intake) was higher in subjects who had normal weight (NW) 13.40 (0.184) g/day, without abdominal obesity 13.56 (0.192) g/day or without excess body weight and/or abdominal obesity

2017 Nutrients PubMed abstract

70. MRI texture analysis parameters of contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images of Crohn’s disease differ according to the presence or absence of histological markers of hypoxia and angiogenesis (Full text)

MRI texture analysis parameters of contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images of Crohn’s disease differ according to the presence or absence of histological markers of hypoxia and angiogenesis To investigate if texture analysis parameters of contrast-enhanced MRI differ according to the presence of histological markers of hypoxia and angiogenesis in Crohn's disease (CD).Seven CD patients (mean age 38 (19-75), 3 male)) undergoing ileal resection underwent 3T MR enterography including axial ultrafast (...) spoiled gradient-echo T1 post IV gadolinium chelate. Regions of interest were placed in bowel destined for resection and registered to trans-mural histological sections (n = 28 across 7 bowel sections) via MRI of the resected specimen. Microvessel density (MVD) and staining for markers of hypoxia (HIF 1α) and angiogenesis (VEGF) were performed. Texture analysis features were derived utilizing an image filtration-histogram technique at spatial scaling factor (SSF) 0-6 mm, including mean, standard

2016 Abdominal radiology (New York) PubMed abstract

71. Birth weight differences between those offered financial voucher incentives for verified smoking cessation and control participants enrolled in the Cessation in Pregnancy Incentives Trial (CPIT), employing an intuitive approach and a Complier Average Caus (Full text)

in the control group (who did not quit) 3193 g. The difference attributable to incentives, was 3338 - 3193 = 145 g (95% CI -617, +803). The mean difference in birth weight between the intervention and control groups was 21 g, and the difference in the proportion who managed to quit was 14.3%. Since the intervention consisted of the offer of incentives to quit smoking, the intervention was received by all women in the intervention group. However, "compliance" was successfully quitting with incentives (...) Birth weight differences between those offered financial voucher incentives for verified smoking cessation and control participants enrolled in the Cessation in Pregnancy Incentives Trial (CPIT), employing an intuitive approach and a Complier Average Caus The Cessation in Pregnancy Incentives Trial (CPIT), which offered financial incentives for smoking cessation during pregnancy showed a clinically and statistically significant improvement in cessation. However, infant birth weight was not seen

2017 Trials Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

72. Slender women and overweight men: gender differences in the educational gradient in body weight in South Korea (Full text)

observed in the educational inequalities in weight status.Using the Korean National Health Survey (N = 17,947) conducted in 2008-2012 conditional quantile regression models were estimated to assess the associations between education and body weight distribution. The mean difference in the predicted probabilities of perceiving body image as average was compared by educational attainment for women and men while setting all other covariates at their means.Highly educated women were more likely to utilize (...) Slender women and overweight men: gender differences in the educational gradient in body weight in South Korea Little is known about the gender-specific mechanisms through which education is associated with weight status in societies that have experienced a rapid rise in their obesity rates. This study extends previous literature by examining how the link between education and weight status operates within the structure of gender relations in South Korea where huge gender differences have been

2017 International journal for equity in health PubMed abstract

73. Inter-individual differences in weight change and blood lipids following low-carbohydrate diet interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Inter-individual differences in weight change and blood lipids following low-carbohydrate diet interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis is planned , please specify the following:"> Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect measure The random-effects model is the typical model of choice for pre-clinical meta-analyses. This is because in the fixed-effect model, it is assumed that the differences in observed effect between studies is solely due to sampling error (i.e. differences in sample size

2019 PROSPERO

74. Effects of different dietary interventions on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized trials

Effects of different dietary interventions on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis is planned , please specify the following:"> Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect measure The random-effects model is the typical model of choice for pre-clinical meta-analyses. This is because in the fixed-effect model, it is assumed that the differences in observed effect between studies is solely due to sampling error (i.e. differences in sample size), and that the true

2019 PROSPERO

75. Study to Evaluate Effects of a Weight Loss Program in Different Formats on Healthy Adults

studies before adding more. Study to Evaluate Effects of a Weight Loss Program in Different Formats on Healthy Adults The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03017443 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : January 11, 2017 Last Update Posted : January 16, 2017 Sponsor: Nutrisystem, Inc (...) Study to Evaluate Effects of a Weight Loss Program in Different Formats on Healthy Adults Study to Evaluate Effects of a Weight Loss Program in Different Formats on Healthy Adults - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more

2017 Clinical Trials

76. Different Immune Signature in Youths Experiencing Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain Compared to Untreated Obese Patients. (Abstract)

Different Immune Signature in Youths Experiencing Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain Compared to Untreated Obese Patients. To assess cytokine and chemokine levels in youth experiencing antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG) compared to obese patients, hypothesizing a different "immune signature" between the two kinds of obesity.We compared a group of youth experiencing AIWG (N 19, mean age 159 months, mean body mass index [BMI] z-score 1.81) and an age-, gender-, and BMI-matched group (...) of untreated obese patients (N 19, mean age 147 months, mean BMI z-score 2) for a wide range of cytokines and chemokines by using a multiplex ELISA test.Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), interleukin (IL)1-β, IL4, IL8, IL9, IL12, IL 17, eotaxin, FGF, GMCSF, IP10, MIP1b, and vascular-endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were significantly lower in the AIWG group, whereas IL13 and RANTES were significantly higher. Controlling for age, sex, and BMI, PDGF, IL4, IL8, IL13, IL17, eotaxin, fibroblast growth

2017 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology

77. Once-weekly administration of a long-acting FGF21 analogue modulates lipids, bone turnover markers, blood pressure, and body weight differently in obese hypertriglyceridemic subjects and in non-human primates. (Abstract)

Once-weekly administration of a long-acting FGF21 analogue modulates lipids, bone turnover markers, blood pressure, and body weight differently in obese hypertriglyceridemic subjects and in non-human primates. To assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of PF-05231023, a long-acting fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) analogue, in obese people with hypertriglyceridaemia on atorvastatin, with or without type 2 diabetes.Participants received PF-05231023 or placebo (...) intravenously once weekly for 4 weeks. Safety (12-lead ECGs, vital signs, adverse events [AEs], laboratory tests) and longitudinal weight assessments were performed. Blood samples were collected for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic analyses. Cardiovascular safety studies were also conducted in telemetered rats and monkeys. Blood pressure (BP; mean, systolic and diastolic) and ECGs were monitored.A total of 107 people were randomized. PF-05231023 significantly decreased mean placebo-adjusted fasting

2017 obesity & metabolism Controlled trial quality: uncertain

78. Birth Weight in Different Etiologies of Disorders of Sex Development. (Full text)

Birth Weight in Different Etiologies of Disorders of Sex Development. It is well established that boys are heavier than girls at birth. Although the cause of birth weight (BW) difference is unknown, it has been proposed that it could be generated from prenatal androgen action.The aim of the current study was to determine the BW of children with disorders of sex development (DSD) of different etiologies and to evaluate the effects of androgen action on BW.Data regarding diagnosis, BW (...) %) cases were 46,XY, and 133 (25%) cases were 46,XX. Eighty cases (15%) were born small for gestational age (SGA). Frequency of SGA was higher in the 46,XY group (17.8%) than in the 46,XX (6.7%) group (P = 0.001). Mean BW standard deviation scores of cases with androgen excess and androgen deficiency [in disorders of gonadal development, androgen synthesis, and Leydig cell defect groups and androgen receptor gene (AR) mutation-positive cases in disorders of androgen action groups] were similar

2017 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism PubMed abstract

79. Preference Weighting of Health State Values: What Difference Does It Make, and Why? (Full text)

, and reduced major axis regression.The performances of preference-weighted and unweighted measures were comparable with regard to convergent and known-group validities for each instrument. Although unweighted values in the five-level EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire differ considerably from the preference-weighted values at the individual level, the discrepancy is minimal at the group level with a mean difference of 0.023. The ICC (0.96) and the Bland-Altman plot also suggest strong overall agreement (...) . For the 15D, both the ICC (0.99) and the Bland-Altman plot revealed almost perfect agreement, with a negligible mean difference of -0.001. Results from the reduced major axis regression also showed small bias.Overall, preference weighting has minimal effect if the unweighted values are anchored on the same scale as the preference-weighted value sets.Copyright © 2017 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2017 Value in Health PubMed abstract

80. Differences in bone mineral density between normal-weight children and children with overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

. Results were pooled when possible and mean differences (MDs) were calculated between normal-weight and overweight and normal-weight and obese children for bone content and density measures at different body sites.Twenty-seven studies, with a total of 5,958 children, were included. There was moderate and high quality of evidence that overweight (MD 213 g; 95% confidence interval [CI] 166, 261) and obese children (MD 329 g; 95%CI [229, 430]) have a significantly higher whole body bone mineral content (...) Differences in bone mineral density between normal-weight children and children with overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. This study examines the differences in bone mineral density between normal-weight children and children with overweight or obesity.A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies (published up to 22 June 2016) on the differences in bone mineral density between normal-weight children and overweight and obese children was performed

2017 Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>