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41. Physical development by means of fitness technologies as one of general aspects of student's health. (PubMed)

classes according to traditional educational system, which provided development of only those physical qualities that are necessary for successful assimilation of motor activity techniques. Students from experimental group took classes according to fitness technologies program.Results: The data obtained has shown that men and women from experimental groups during the formative have reliable differences only in body weight and in the index of Erisman. The dynamics of anthropometric indices of students (...) Physical development by means of fitness technologies as one of general aspects of student's health. Іntroduction: The problem of the formation, preservation and strengthening of students' health during higher educational period is becoming increasingly relevant. Following factors have a purposeful impact on health and physical development of students: correct organization of physical education process, motivation to study, student's personality and adaptation process to new educational

2019 Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

42. Calorie Estimation in Adults Differing in Body Weight Class and Weight Loss Status (PubMed)

who were either normal weight (NW) or overweight (OW), and either attempting (WL) or not attempting weight loss (noWL), exercised on a treadmill at a moderate (60% HRmax) and a vigorous intensity (75% HRmax) for 25 min. Subsequently, participants estimated the number of calories they expended through exercise and created a meal that they believed to be calorically equivalent to the exercise energy expenditure.The mean difference between estimated and measured calories in exercise and food did (...) Calorie Estimation in Adults Differing in Body Weight Class and Weight Loss Status Ability to accurately estimate calories is important for weight management, yet few studies have investigated whether individuals can accurately estimate calories during exercise or in a meal. The objective of this study was to determine if accuracy of estimation of moderate or vigorous exercise energy expenditure and calories in food is associated with body weight class or weight loss status.Fifty-eight adults

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2016 Medicine and science in sports and exercise

43. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Two Different Macronutrient Profiles on Weight, Body Composition and Metabolic Parameters in Obese Adolescents Seeking Weight Loss. (PubMed)

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Two Different Macronutrient Profiles on Weight, Body Composition and Metabolic Parameters in Obese Adolescents Seeking Weight Loss. Adolescent obesity is difficult to treat and the optimal dietary pattern, particularly in relation to macronutrient composition, remains controversial. This study tested the effect of two structured diets with differing macronutrient composition versus control, on weight, body composition and metabolic parameters in obese (...) and biochemical parameters were measured at randomization and after 12 weeks, and analyzed under the intention to treat principle using analysis of variance models.After 12 weeks, data was collected from 79 (91%) participants. BMI z-scores were significantly lower in both intervention groups compared to control after adjusting for baseline values, SLF vs. control, mean difference = -0.13 (95%CI = -0.18, -0.07), P<0.001; SMC vs. control, -0.14 (-0.19, -0.09), P<0.001, but there was no difference between

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2016 PloS one Controlled trial quality: uncertain

44. Differences in weight change trajectory patterns in a publicly funded adult weight management centre (PubMed)

counselling. Resultant health differences were examined.Patients had 3.2 ± 6.3%WL with 35% of patients achieving and maintaining a 5%WL. Half of these patients achieved the 5%WL within 6 months, while the other half had a more gradual approach. Another 10% achieved 5%WL, but regained weight after 6 months. There were seven distinct WL patterns identified: LargeWL (Mean WL: 21.2 ± 8.1%; Probability of group membership (PGM): 2.4%), ModerateWL (15.1 ± 5.1%WL; 5.4%PGM), SlowWL (6.7 ± 3.2%WL; 20.1%PGM (...) Differences in weight change trajectory patterns in a publicly funded adult weight management centre To describe differences in weight loss (WL) trajectory patterns at a publicly funded clinical weight management centre.Groups with differences in the attainment of a 5% total body WL and percentage WL patterns over time were identified in 7,121 patients who attended a physician lead multi-disciplinary clinical lifestyle weight management that predominantly focused on education and diet

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2016 Obesity science & practice

45. Bias and precision of methods for estimating the difference in restricted mean survival time from an individual patient data meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Bias and precision of methods for estimating the difference in restricted mean survival time from an individual patient data meta-analysis. The difference in restricted mean survival time ([Formula: see text]), the area between two survival curves up to time horizon [Formula: see text], is often used in cost-effectiveness analyses to estimate the treatment effect in randomized controlled trials. A challenge in individual patient data (IPD) meta-analyses is to account for the trial effect. We (...) aimed at comparing different methods to estimate the [Formula: see text] from an IPD meta-analysis.We compared four methods: the area between Kaplan-Meier curves (experimental vs. control arm) ignoring the trial effect (Naïve Kaplan-Meier); the area between Peto curves computed at quintiles of event times (Peto-quintile); the weighted average of the areas between either trial-specific Kaplan-Meier curves (Pooled Kaplan-Meier) or trial-specific exponential curves (Pooled Exponential). In a simulation

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2016 BMC medical research methodology

46. Late erythropoiesis-stimulating agents to prevent red blood cell transfusion in preterm or low birth weight infants. (PubMed)

for this outcome (RR I² = 66%; RD I² = 58%). The quality of the evidence was very low. We obtained similar results in secondary analyses based on different combinations of high/low doses of EPO and iron supplementation. There was no significant reduction in the total volume (mL/kg) of blood transfused per infant (typical mean difference (MD) -1.6 mL/kg, 95% CI -5.8 to 2.6); 5 studies, 197 infants). There was high heterogeneity for this outcome (I² = 92%). There was a significant reduction in the number (...) Late erythropoiesis-stimulating agents to prevent red blood cell transfusion in preterm or low birth weight infants. Preterm infants have low plasma levels of erythropoietin (EPO), providing a rationale for the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) to prevent or treat anaemia. Darbepoetin (Darbe) and EPO are currently available ESAs.To assess the effectiveness and safety of late initiation of ESAs, between eight and 28 days after birth, in reducing the use of red blood cell (RBC

2019 Cochrane

47. Prolonged thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin for abdominal or pelvic surgery. (PubMed)

Prolonged thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin for abdominal or pelvic surgery. This an update of the review first published in 2009.Major abdominal and pelvic surgery carries a high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The efficacy of thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) administered during the in-hospital period is well-documented, but the optimal duration of prophylaxis after surgery remains controversial. Some studies suggest that patients undergoing (...) period only. The population consisted of persons undergoing abdominal or pelvic surgery for both benign and malignant pathology. The outcome measures included VTE (deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE)) as assessed by objective means (venography, ultrasonography, pulmonary ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy, spiral computed tomography (CT) scan or autopsy). We excluded studies exclusively reporting on clinical diagnosis of VTE without objective confirmation.Review authors identified

2019 Cochrane

48. Ibuprofen for the prevention of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm and/or low birth weight infants. (PubMed)

complications. We performed meta-analyses and reported treatment estimates as typical mean difference (MD), risk ratio (RR), risk difference (RD) and, if statistically significant, number needed to treat to benefit (NNTB) or to harm (NNTH), along with their 95% confidence intervals (CI). We assessed between-study heterogeneity by the I-squared test (I²). We used the GRADE approach to assess the quality of evidence.In this updated analysis, we included nine trials (N = 1070 infants) comparing prophylactic (...) Ibuprofen for the prevention of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm and/or low birth weight infants. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) complicates the clinical course of preterm infants and increases the risk of adverse outcomes. Indomethacin has been the standard treatment to close a PDA but is associated with renal, gastrointestinal, and cerebral side effects. Ibuprofen has less effect on blood flow velocity to important organs.Primary objectivesTo determine the effectiveness and safety

2019 Cochrane

49. Dilute versus full-strength formula in exclusively formula-fed preterm or low birth weight infants. (PubMed)

or quasi-randomised trials comparing strengths of formula milk in exclusively formula-fed preterm or low birth weight infants. We excluded studies if infants received formula as a supplement to breast milk.We independently assessed studies for inclusion. We collected data using the standard methods of Cochrane Neonatal, with independent assessment of risk of bias and data extraction. We synthesised mean differences using a fixed-effect meta-analysis model. We used the GRADE approach to assess (...) . This review focuses on whether dilute or full-strength formula is the preferable mode of introducing feeds in preterm infants for whom expressed breast milk is unavailable.To assess the effects of dilute versus full-strength formula on the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis, feeding intolerance, weight gain, length of stay in hosptial and time to achieve full calorie intake in exclusively formula-fed preterm or low birth weight infants. A secondary objective was to assess the effects of different

2019 Cochrane

50. Banked preterm versus banked term human milk to promote growth and development in very low birth weight infants. (PubMed)

), relative risk reduction, risk difference (RD) and number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome (NNTB) or the number needed to treat for an additional harmful outcome (NNTH) for categorical data; and using mean, standard deviation and weighted mean difference (WMD) for continuous data. We planned to use the GRADE approach to assess the quality of evidence.No studies met the inclusion criteria.We found no evidence to support or refute the effect of banked donor preterm milk compared (...) Banked preterm versus banked term human milk to promote growth and development in very low birth weight infants. Human milk banking has been available in many countries for the last three decades. The milk provided from milk banking is predominantly term breast milk, but some milk banks provide preterm breast milk. There are a number of differences between donor term and donor preterm human milk.To determine the effect of banked donor preterm milk compared with banked donor term milk regarding

2019 Cochrane

51. Formula versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants. (PubMed)

donor breast milk. Only the five most recent trials used nutrient-fortified donor breast milk. The trials contain various weaknesses in methodological quality, specifically concerns about allocation concealment in four trials and lack of blinding in most of the trials. Most of the included trials were funded by companies that made the study formula.Formula-fed infants had higher in-hospital rates of weight gain (mean difference (MD) 2.51, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.93 to 3.08 g/kg/day), linear (...) Health Literature (3 May 2019), as well as conference proceedings, previous reviews, and clinical trials.Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing feeding with formula versus donor breast milk in preterm or LBW infants.Two review authors assessed trial eligibility and risk of bias and extracted data independently. We analysed treatment effects as described in the individual trials and reported risk ratios (RRs) and risk differences (RDs) for dichotomous data, and mean

2019 Cochrane

52. Prolonged thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin for abdominal or pelvic surgery. (PubMed)

Prolonged thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin for abdominal or pelvic surgery. This an update of the review first published in 2009.Major abdominal and pelvic surgery carries a high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The efficacy of thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) administered during the in-hospital period is well-documented, but the optimal duration of prophylaxis after surgery remains controversial. Some studies suggest that patients undergoing (...) period only. The population consisted of persons undergoing abdominal or pelvic surgery for both benign and malignant pathology. The outcome measures included VTE (deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE)) as assessed by objective means (venography, ultrasonography, pulmonary ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy, spiral computed tomography (CT) scan or autopsy). We excluded studies exclusively reporting on clinical diagnosis of VTE without objective confirmation.Review authors identified

2019 Cochrane

53. Formula versus maternal breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants. (PubMed)

eligibility and risk of bias, and extract data. We planned to analyse treatment effects as described in the individual trials and report risk ratios and risk differences for dichotomous data, and mean differences for continuous data, with 95% confidence intervals. We planned to use a fixed-effect model in meta-analyses and to explore potential causes of heterogeneity in subgroup analyses. We planned to use the GRADE approach to assess the certainty of evidence.We did not identify any eligible trials.There (...) Formula versus maternal breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants. Artificial formula can be manipulated to contain higher amounts of macro-nutrients than maternal breast milk but breast milk confers important immuno-nutritional advantages for preterm or low birth weight (LBW) infants.To determine the effect of feeding preterm or LBW infants with formula compared with maternal breast milk on growth and developmental outcomes.We used the standard strategy of Cochrane Neonatal

2019 Cochrane

54. Addressing the social and commercial determinants of healthy weight

available; the financial, psychosocial and physical conditions of working life, and the degree of social participation. 14 ADDRESSING THE SOCIAL AND COMMERCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTHY WEIGHT | SAX INSTITUTE The social and commercial determinants of inequities in obesity Promoting health equity through healthy weight also means tackling some of the fundamental economic, commercial and cultural factors (the structural determinants) that affect peoples living conditions, their daily practices and behaviour (...) Addressing the social and commercial determinants of healthy weight An Evidence Check rapid review brokered by the Sax Institute for Queensland Department of Health on behalf of the national obesity strategy Working Group. October 2019 Addressing the social and commercial determinants of healthy weight An Evidence Check rapid review brokered by the Sax Institute for the Queensland Department of Health on behalf of the national obesity strategy Working Group. October 2019. This report

2019 Sax Institute Evidence Check

55. Population-level strategies to support healthy weight

Ensure all primary and tertiary care settings adopt best-practice breastfeeding policies and practices 34 Provide resources for physical activity promotion, lifestyle and behaviour change programs, and advice on reducing screen time in primary care settings, tailored to different socioeconomic groups 35 Provide pre-conception and antenatal nutrition guidance and support for healthy pregnancy in primary care settings 10 SAX INSTITUTE | POPULATION-LEVEL STRATEGIES TO SUPPORT HEALTHY WEIGHT Background (...) change programs, and advice on reducing screen time in primary care settings, tailored to different socioeconomic groups Personal skill development Primary care ECHO2.1 Int18 A35 Individual food consumption Provide pre-conception and antenatal nutrition guidance and support for healthy pregnancy in primary care settings Personal skill development Primary care ECHO3.1, ECHO3.2, ECHO3.3, ECHO3.4, ECHO4.3 Int17 POPULATION-LEVEL STRATEGIES TO SUPPORT HEALTHY WEIGHT | SAX INSTITUTE 43 Discussion Summary

2019 Sax Institute Evidence Check

56. Study to Evaluate Effects of a Weight Loss Program in Different Formats on Healthy Adults

studies before adding more. Study to Evaluate Effects of a Weight Loss Program in Different Formats on Healthy Adults The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03017443 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : January 11, 2017 Last Update Posted : January 16, 2017 Sponsor: Nutrisystem, Inc (...) Study to Evaluate Effects of a Weight Loss Program in Different Formats on Healthy Adults Study to Evaluate Effects of a Weight Loss Program in Different Formats on Healthy Adults - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more

2017 Clinical Trials

57. Apparent diffusion coefficient normalization of normal liver: Will it improve the reproducibility of diffusion-weighted imaging at different MR scanners as a new biomarker? (PubMed)

Apparent diffusion coefficient normalization of normal liver: Will it improve the reproducibility of diffusion-weighted imaging at different MR scanners as a new biomarker? Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurement in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been reported to be a helpful biomarker for detection and characterization of lesion. In view of the importance of ADC measurement reproducibility, the aim of this study was to probe the variability of the healthy hepatic ADC values (...) were found to be satisfactory with ICC values of 0.773 to 0.905. In session 1, the liver nADCs obtained from different scanners were consistent (P = 0.112) without any significant difference in multiple comparison (P = 0.117 to >0.99) by using 2-way analysis of variance with post-hoc analysis of Bonferroni method, although the liver ADCs varied significantly (P < 0.001). nADCs measured by 3 scanners were in good interscanner agreements with ICCs of 0.685 to 0.776. The mean CV of nADCs of both 1.5T

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2017 Medicine

58. How Accurate Are Pediatric Emergency Tapes? A Comparison of 4 Emergency Tapes With Different Length-Based Weight Categorization. (PubMed)

How Accurate Are Pediatric Emergency Tapes? A Comparison of 4 Emergency Tapes With Different Length-Based Weight Categorization. Pediatric emergency tapes have been developed to support paramedics and emergency physicians when dosing drugs and selecting medical equipment in pediatric emergency situations. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of 4 pediatric emergency tapes to correctly estimate patient's weight based on a large population of patients.Patients undergoing general (...) anesthesia between January 2012 and March 2015 with documented age, sex, body weight, and length were identified from the electronic anesthesia patient data management system of the Department of Anaesthesia, University Children's Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland. Weight estimation by means of the Broselow-Tape, the Pädiatrisches Notfalllineal, the Paulino System, and the Kinder-Sicher were compared with true patient's weight. Percentages of estimated body weight within a ±10% and ±20% interval were

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2017 Pediatric Emergency Care

59. Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery: Do Clinical and Behavioral Factors Explain Racial Differences? (PubMed)

/ethnicity and examined baseline demographic, clinical (BMI, comorbidities, quality of life), and behavioral (eating behavior, physical activity level, alcohol intake) factors that might explain observed racial differences in weight loss at 1 and 2 years after WLS.Of 537 participants who underwent either Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (54%) or gastric banding (46%), 85% completed 1-year follow-up and 73% completed 2-year follow-up. Patients lost a mean of 33.00% of initial weight at year 1 and 32.43% at year 2 (...) Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery: Do Clinical and Behavioral Factors Explain Racial Differences? Prior studies have suggested less weight loss among African American compared to Caucasian patients; however, few studies have been able to simultaneously account for baseline differences in other demographic, clinical, or behavioral factors.We interviewed patients at two weight loss surgery (WLS) centers and conducted chart reviews before and after WLS. We compared weight loss post-WLS by race

2017 Obesity Surgery

60. Different Immune Signature in Youths Experiencing Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain Compared to Untreated Obese Patients. (PubMed)

Different Immune Signature in Youths Experiencing Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain Compared to Untreated Obese Patients. To assess cytokine and chemokine levels in youth experiencing antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG) compared to obese patients, hypothesizing a different "immune signature" between the two kinds of obesity.We compared a group of youth experiencing AIWG (N 19, mean age 159 months, mean body mass index [BMI] z-score 1.81) and an age-, gender-, and BMI-matched group (...) of untreated obese patients (N 19, mean age 147 months, mean BMI z-score 2) for a wide range of cytokines and chemokines by using a multiplex ELISA test.Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), interleukin (IL)1-β, IL4, IL8, IL9, IL12, IL 17, eotaxin, FGF, GMCSF, IP10, MIP1b, and vascular-endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were significantly lower in the AIWG group, whereas IL13 and RANTES were significantly higher. Controlling for age, sex, and BMI, PDGF, IL4, IL8, IL13, IL17, eotaxin, fibroblast growth

2017 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology

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