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21. Measurement of lower limb alignment: there are within-person differences between weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing measurement modalities. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Measurement of lower limb alignment: there are within-person differences between weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing measurement modalities. Previous studies have compared weight-bearing mechanical leg axis (MLA) measurements to non-weight-bearing measurement modalities. Most of these studies compared mean or median values and did not analyse within-person differences between measurements. This study evaluates the within-person agreement of MLA measurements between weight-bearing full-length (...) independent variables impact the differences in measurements.A difference was found in preoperative measurements between FLR and CAS navigation (mean of 2.5° with limit of agreement (1.96 SD) of 6.4°), as well as between FLR and MRI measurements (mean of 2.4° with limit of agreement (1.96 SD) of 6.9°). Postoperatively, the mean difference between MLA measured on FLR compared to CAS navigation was 1.5° (limit of agreement (1.96 SD) of 4.6°). Linear regression analysis showed that weight-bearing MLA

2017 Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

22. Difference between mean gestational sac diameter and crown-rump length as a marker of first-trimester pregnancy loss after in vitro fertilization. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Difference between mean gestational sac diameter and crown-rump length as a marker of first-trimester pregnancy loss after in vitro fertilization. To investigate whether the difference between mean gestational sac diameter and crown-rump length (mGSD - CRL) is associated with first-trimester pregnancy loss or adverse pregnancy outcomes after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and to determine if mGSD - CRL is a better predictor of pregnancy loss than either measurement alone.Retrospective cohort (...) study.University hospital.A total of 1,243 IVF cycles with fresh or cryopreserved autologous embryo transfers resulting in singleton gestations performed at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics from January 2005 through December 2014. Cycles included ultrasound measurements of mGSD and CRL at 45-56 days' gestation.Mean gestational sac diameter to crown-rump length difference.Primary outcomes were first-trimester pregnancy loss and gestational age at delivery. Secondary outcomes were infant birth weight

2017 Fertility and Sterility

23. Interactive K-Means Clustering Method Based on User Behavior for Different Analysis Target in Medicine Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interactive K-Means Clustering Method Based on User Behavior for Different Analysis Target in Medicine Clustering algorithm as a basis of data analysis is widely used in analysis systems. However, as for the high dimensions of the data, the clustering algorithm may overlook the business relation between these dimensions especially in the medical fields. As a result, usually the clustering result may not meet the business goals of the users. Then, in the clustering process, if it can combine (...) the knowledge of the users, that is, the doctor's knowledge or the analysis intent, the clustering result can be more satisfied. In this paper, we propose an interactive K-means clustering method to improve the user's satisfactions towards the result. The core of this method is to get the user's feedback of the clustering result, to optimize the clustering result. Then, a particle swarm optimization algorithm is used in the method to optimize the parameters, especially the weight settings in the clustering

2017 Computational and mathematical methods in medicine

24. Are healthy weight management interventions effective before, during and after pregnancy?

effective at improving weight outcomes; others, that a combination of diet and exercise was more effective • The best dietary approach or exercise intervention to maintain healthy weight in pregnancy or postpartum is currently unclear; this is partly due to the heterogeneity and methodological quality of the primary studies, and their different methods of data collection • Dietary, exercise and combined approaches have been shown to reduce GWG, caesareans, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), maternal (...) . Diet Five systematic reviews on dietary interventions alone to prevent weight gain in pregnancy were identified (3-7). These showed that dietary interventions conducted during pregnancy, and in some cases, postpartum, were significantly more effective at improving weight outcomes compared to usual care or other interventions. For example: • 9/13 RCTs reduced gestational weight gain (GWG) in overweight and obese pregnant women (3) • 10/15 RCTs/CTs reported significant differences in GWG of obese

2020 Public Health England - Evidence Briefings

25. Reductions in food cravings are similar with low-fat weight loss diets differing in protein and carbohydrate in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes: A randomized clinical trial. (Abstract)

Reductions in food cravings are similar with low-fat weight loss diets differing in protein and carbohydrate in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes: A randomized clinical trial. Food cravings are common in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Higher-protein diets are effective in improving satiety but their effect on cravings is unclear. It was hypothesized that a high protein (HP) diet would provide greater reductions in cravings than an isocaloric higher-carbohydrate diet (HC). In a randomized (...) controlled trial, 61 adults (54% males) with T2D (means ± SD: BMI 34.3 ± 5.1 kg/m2; aged 55 ± 8 years) consumed either a HP diet (mean across study: 29% protein, 34% carbohydrate, 31% fat) or an isocaloric HC diet (21%:48%:24%) for 12-weeks each of weight loss (WL) and weight maintenance (WM). The Food Craving Inventory (FCI), measuring types of foods craved and the General Food Craving Questionnaires measuring traits (G-FCQ-T) and states (G-FCQ-S) were assessed at Weeks 0, 12 and 24. Weight changes were

2018 Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

26. Anesthetic Cost Analysis With Desflurane in Two Different Fresh Gas Flows Adjusted to Ideal Body Weight

). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Anesthetic Cost Analysis With Desflurane in Two Different Fresh Gas Flows Adjusted to Ideal Body Weight The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03465475 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : March 14, 2018 Last Update (...) Anesthetic Cost Analysis With Desflurane in Two Different Fresh Gas Flows Adjusted to Ideal Body Weight Anesthetic Cost Analysis With Desflurane in Two Different Fresh Gas Flows Adjusted to Ideal Body Weight - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100

2018 Clinical Trials

27. Reach to Grasp Movement of Stroke Patients: Different Heights and Weights

to Grasp Movement of Stroke Patients: Different Heights and Weights The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03655327 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : August 31, 2018 Last Update Posted : September 3 (...) Reach to Grasp Movement of Stroke Patients: Different Heights and Weights Reach to Grasp Movement of Stroke Patients: Different Heights and Weights - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Reach

2018 Clinical Trials

28. Picky eating in Swedish preschoolers of different weight status: application of two new screening cut-offs Full Text available with Trip Pro

Picky eating in Swedish preschoolers of different weight status: application of two new screening cut-offs Characteristics of picky eaters of different weight status have not been sufficiently investigated. We used two newly developed screening cut-offs for picky eating in the Food fussiness (FF) subscale of the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of picky eaters in preschool-aged children with thinness, normal weight, overweight (...) or obesity.Data for 1272 preschoolers (mean age 4.9 years) were analyzed. The parent-reported FF subscale ranges from 1 to 5, and two screening cut-offs were applied to classify children as picky eaters (3.0 and 3.33). Structural Equation Modeling was used to study associations with other factors in the CEBQ, the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) and the Lifestyle Behavior Checklist (LBC). Scores were compared separately for each weight status group.Nearly half of the children were classified as moderate

2018 The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity

29. Genomic regions underlying uniformity of yearling weight in Nellore cattle evaluated under different response variables Full Text available with Trip Pro

of yearling weight (YW; N = 423) in Nellore bulls with high density SNP data, using different response variables. For this, solutions from double hierarchical generalized linear models (DHGLM) were used to provide the response variables, as follows: a DGHLM assuming non-null genetic correlation between mean and residual variance (rmv ≠ 0) to obtain deregressed EBV for mean (dEBVm) and residual variance (dEBVv); and a DHGLM assuming rmv = 0 to obtain two alternative response variables for residual variance (...) Genomic regions underlying uniformity of yearling weight in Nellore cattle evaluated under different response variables In livestock, residual variance has been studied because of the interest to improve uniformity of production. Several studies have provided evidence that residual variance is partially under genetic control; however, few investigations have elucidated genes that control it. The aim of this study was to identify genomic regions associated with within-family residual variance

2018 BMC genomics

30. Different Risk Factors for Very Low Birth Weight, Term-Small-for-Gestational-Age, or Preterm Birth in Japan Full Text available with Trip Pro

Different Risk Factors for Very Low Birth Weight, Term-Small-for-Gestational-Age, or Preterm Birth in Japan From 1985 to 2013, the mean birth weight of infants in Japan decreased from 3120 g to 3000 g, and the low-birth-weight rate among live births increased from 6.3% to 9.6%. No prospective study has elucidated the risk factors for poor fetal growth and preterm birth in recent Japanese parents, such as increased parental age, maternal body figure, assisted reproductive technology (ART (...) ), and socioeconomic status. Participants were mother-infant pairs (n = 18,059) enrolled in a prospective birth cohort in Hokkaido, Japan from 2002 to 2013. Parental characteristics were obtained via self-reported questionnaires during pregnancy. Medical records helped identify very-low-birth-weight (VLBW; <1500g), term-small-for-gestational-age (term-SGA), and preterm-birth (PTB; <37 weeks) infants. We calculated relative risks (RRs) for PTB, VLBW, and term-SGA birth based on parental characteristics

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

31. Weight loss and mortality risk in patients with different adiposity at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes: a longitudinal cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Weight loss and mortality risk in patients with different adiposity at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes: a longitudinal cohort study Undiagnosed comorbid diseases that independently lead to weight loss before type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) diagnosis could explain the observed increased mortality risk in T2DM patients with normal weight.To evaluate the impact of weight change patterns before the diagnosis of T2DM on the association between body mass index (BMI) at diagnosis and mortality risk.This (...) . The main outcome was all-cause mortality.At diagnosis, mean (SD) age was 52 (12) years, 56% were male, 52% were current or ex-smokers, mean BMI was 33 kg/m2, and 66% were obese. Normal weight and overweight patients experienced a small but significant reduction in body weight 6 months before diagnosis. Among all categories of obese patients, consistently increasing body weight was observed within the same time window. Among patients who did not lose body weight pre-diagnosis (n = 117,469), compared

2018 Nutrition & diabetes

32. Birth weight differences at term are explained by placental dysfunction, but not by maternal ethnicity. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Birth weight differences at term are explained by placental dysfunction, but not by maternal ethnicity. To investigate the influence of ethnicity, fetal gender and placental dysfunction on birth weight (BW) in term fetuses of South Asian and Caucasian origin.This was a retrospective study of 627 term pregnancies assessed at two public tertiary hospitals in Spain and Sri Lanka. All fetuses underwent biometry and Doppler examinations within 2 weeks of delivery. The influences of fetal gender (...) and ethnicity, gestational age (GA) at delivery, cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and maternal age, height, weight and parity on BW were evaluated by multivariable regression analysis.Fetuses born in Sri Lanka were smaller than those born in Spain (mean BW = 3026 ± 449 g vs 3295 ± 444 g; P < 0.001). Multivariable regression analysis demonstrated that GA at delivery, maternal weight, CPR, maternal height and fetal gender (estimates = 0.168, P < 0.001; 0.006, P < 0.001; 0.092, P = 0.003; 0.009, P = 0.002; 0.081

2018 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

33. Study of Efficacy, Weight Control, and Safety in Newly-diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes With Different Antidiabetic Therapy

of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Study of Efficacy, Weight Control, and Safety in Newly-diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes With Different Antidiabetic Therapy The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details (...) Study of Efficacy, Weight Control, and Safety in Newly-diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes With Different Antidiabetic Therapy Study of Efficacy, Weight Control, and Safety in Newly-diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes With Different Antidiabetic Therapy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number

2018 Clinical Trials

34. Different weight shift trainings can improve the balance performance of patients with a chronic stroke: A randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Different weight shift trainings can improve the balance performance of patients with a chronic stroke: A randomized controlled trial. Improving balance ability, increasing walking ability, and reducing the occurrence of falls are important objectives in the rehabilitation of stroke patients. Do the posture balance training and the intervention of lateral wedge insoles to improve of balance function and increase walking ability in patients with a chronic stroke?A randomized, controlled trial (...) was the balance computerized adaptive test (balance CAT), and secondary outcome was timed up and go (TUG) test. All subjects were evaluated at the baseline, posttraining (6-week), 1st follow-up (10-week), and 2nd follow-up (18-week).A total of 56 subjects were participated in this study, including 38 males and 18 females. The mean age of the subjects was 59.1 years old, and the mean time was 43.7 months after the onset of the stroke. This study found the interaction in groups and measurement time points

2018 Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

35. A comparative study of growth: different body weight trajectories in three species of the genus Eublepharis and their hybrids Full Text available with Trip Pro

A comparative study of growth: different body weight trajectories in three species of the genus Eublepharis and their hybrids An extensive research effort is devoted to the evolution of life-histories and processes underlying the variation in adult body weight; however, in this regard, some animal taxa remain neglected. Here we report rates and timing of growth recorded in two wild-derived populations of a model lizard species, Eublepharis macularius (M, W), other two related species, i.e., E (...) . angramainyu (A) and E. sp. (D), and their between-species hybrids. We detected clear differences among the examined species/populations, which can be interpreted in the terms of "fast - slow" continuum of life-history strategies. The mean asymptotic body size was the highest in A and further decreased in the following order: M, W, and D. In contrast, the growth rate showed an opposite pattern. Counter-intuitively, the largest species exhibited the slowest growth rates. The final body size was determined

2018 Scientific reports

36. Insurance status differences in weight loss and regain over 5 years following bariatric surgery. Full Text available with Trip Pro

- and procedure-specific associations with insurance type. For each time-spline, mean (kg) difference in weight change in commercially insured versus Medicaid patients was calculated.Medicaid patients had higher mean weight at baseline (138.3 kg vs. 131.2 kg). From 0 to 1 year post-operatively, Medicaid patients lost similar amounts of weight to commercial patients following all procedure types (mean weight Δ difference [95% CI]: RYGB: -0.9 [-3.2, 1.4]; LAGB: -1.5 [-6.7, 3.8]; SG: 5.1 [-4.0, 14.2]). From 1 (...) to 3 years post-operatively Medicaid and commercial patients continued to experience minimal weight loss or began to slowly regain weight (mean weight Δ difference [95% CI]: RYGB: 0.9 [0.0, 2.0]; LAGB: -2.1 [-4.2, 0.1]; SG: 0.7 [-3.0, 4.3]). From 3 to 5 years post-operatively, the rate of regain tended to be faster among commercial patients compared to Medicaid patients (mean weight Δ difference [95% CI]: RYGB: 1.1 [0.1, 2.0]; LAGB: 1.5 [-0.5, 3.5]; SG: 1.0 [-2.5, 4.5]).Although Medicaid patients

2018 International Journal of Obesity

37. Conventional weight loss interventions across the different BMI obesity classes: a quantitative analysis based on a systematic literature search

Conventional weight loss interventions across the different BMI obesity classes: a quantitative analysis based on a systematic literature search Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis is planned , please specify the following:"> Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect measure The random-effects model is the typical model of choice for pre-clinical meta-analyses. This is because in the fixed-effect model, it is assumed that the differences in observed effect between studies is solely due to sampling error (i.e. differences in sample size

2020 PROSPERO

38. Differences in Context-Specific Sedentary Behaviors According to Weight Status in Adolescents, Adults and Seniors: A Compositional Data Analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

comparisons were conducted to examine weight group differences in context-specific sedentary behaviors. The compositional means indicated that the highest proportion of sedentary time was spent at school, at work, and while watching television. Statistically significant differences were found in the composition of sedentary behaviors between healthy weight and overweight/obese participants. In all age groups, socially engaging sedentary behaviors were more prevalent in healthy weight people, whereas (...) Differences in Context-Specific Sedentary Behaviors According to Weight Status in Adolescents, Adults and Seniors: A Compositional Data Analysis To develop effective sedentary behavior interventions aimed at people who are overweight/obese, detailed insight is needed into the contexts of sedentary behavior of these people. Therefore, the aims of this study were to describe the composition of sedentary behavior and to compare context-specific sedentary behaviors between different weight groups

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

39. Gender differences in weight loss outcomes on a low-carbohydrate diet: a systematic review

Gender differences in weight loss outcomes on a low-carbohydrate diet: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites (...) is planned , please specify the following:"> Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect measure The random-effects model is the typical model of choice for pre-clinical meta-analyses. This is because in the fixed-effect model, it is assumed that the differences in observed effect between studies is solely due to sampling error (i.e. differences in sample size), and that the true effect is the same (fixed) across all studies. However

2020 PROSPERO

40. Are individuals with borderline mean pulmonary arterial pressure suffering from increased mortality than those with normal mean pulmonary arterial pressure? A systemic review and meta-analysis

is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis is planned , please specify the following:"> Example: number of metastases: standardized mean difference; incidence of metastasis: risk ratio. ">Effect measure The random-effects model is the typical model of choice for pre-clinical meta-analyses. This is because in the fixed-effect model, it is assumed that the differences in observed effect between studies is solely due to sampling error (i.e (...) studies using the Jablonski scale. ">Sensitivity Example: For meta-analyses using the mean difference or risk ration as effect measure and containing at least 20 studies, we will produce funnel plots and assess publication bias using Egger’s regression test. ">Publication bias

2020 PROSPERO

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