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Weight Measurement in Children

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1. Development and use of an index for measuring implementation of a weight management program in children in primary care clinics in Texas. (PubMed)

Development and use of an index for measuring implementation of a weight management program in children in primary care clinics in Texas. The Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration study was an integrated, systems-oriented intervention that incorporated primary and secondary obesity prevention approaches targeting multiple sectors, including primary care clinics, to address childhood obesity. The primary care clinic component included the American Academy of Pediatrics' Next Steps (...) weight management counseling materials that support brief healthy lifestyle-focused visits. The current study describes the methodology and assesses the implementation of the Next Steps program in the participating primary care clinics, as well as the association of implementation with enrollment of children with overweight and obesity in the secondary prevention intervention.The study used a serial cross-sectional study design to collect data from 11 primary care clinics in Houston (n = 5

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2018 BMC Family Practice

2. Validating Sizing Them Up: A parent-proxy weight-related quality-of-life measure, with community-based children (PubMed)

Validating Sizing Them Up: A parent-proxy weight-related quality-of-life measure, with community-based children Background/Objective: A weight-related Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaire elicits parents' perceptions to understand the impacts of weight on children's QoL. Sizing Them Up, a parent-proxy of a weight-related instrument, is a proper measure for the purpose, but its psychometric properties have not been validated on a non-clinical child population. This study aimed to thoroughly (...) score was satisfactory: r = .46 to .53 with other QoL instruments. Known-group validity was supported as obese children had significantly lower Sizing Them Up total score than did normal-weight and underweight children. Conclusions: We extended the use of Sizing Them Up from clinically obese children to a community-based sample of underweight as well as overweight children. Healthcare providers may use Sizing Them Up to measure the weight-related QoL for children.

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2017 International journal of clinical and health psychology : IJCHP

3. A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain

as motivational techniques and positive parenting skills training. NICE recommends that school nurses and those involved in delivering the National Child Measurement Programme (BMI is measured in Reception and Year six) raise awareness of lifestyle weight management. What are the implications? This was a carefully designed and implemented real-life test of the programme. Children completed the programme in sufficient numbers to detect a meaningful difference in outcomes if one existed. The results seem clear (...) training. NICE recommends that school nurses and those involved in delivering the National Child Measurement Programme (BMI is measured in Reception and Year six) raise awareness of lifestyle weight management. What are the implications? This was a carefully designed and implemented real-life test of the programme. Children completed the programme in sufficient numbers to detect a meaningful difference in outcomes if one existed. The results seem clear – it does not work. That is not to say that other

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

4. Simple approaches to weight management of children and adolescents in primary care may not work

Simple approaches to weight management of children and adolescents in primary care may not work Simple approaches to weight management of children and adolescents in primary care may not work Discover Portal Discover Portal Simple approaches to weight management of children and adolescents in primary care may not work Published on 8 November 2016 doi: Brief education and motivational interventions delivered by primary care professionals in several short consultations had only a marginal effect (...) on weight loss among overweight or mildly obese children and young people. Obesity can cause immediate health and wellbeing issues in children but also has significant implications for their long term health. Given that many of these health problems will present in a primary care setting, commissioners have been interested in primary care based programmes to tackle obesity and the “intensity” of the intervention required to make a difference. The findings that a few sessions in primary care

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

5. The Impact of a Healthy Weight Intervention Embedded in a Home-Visiting Program on Children's Weight and Mothers' Feeding Practices. (PubMed)

The Impact of a Healthy Weight Intervention Embedded in a Home-Visiting Program on Children's Weight and Mothers' Feeding Practices. To examine whether a healthy weight intervention embedded in the Parents as Teachers (PAT) home visiting program, which was previously found to improve mothers' body mass index (BMI) and obesity-related behaviors, changed the BMI of preschool children or maternal feeding practices.This stratified randomized trial included preschool-aged children at risk (...) for overweight whose mothers were overweight or had obesity (n = 179). The Healthy Eating and Active Living Taught at Home (HEALTH) intervention was based on the Diabetes Prevention Program. Differences were examined using repeated-measures mixed-ANOVA models.Compared with PAT usual care, the HEALTH intervention had no effect on children's BMI or maternal feeding practices. However, combined analyses showed that children's BMI percentile decreased (P  = .007), BMI z-scores were maintained (P  = .19), and 3

2019 Journal of nutrition education and behavior

6. Optimising emergency weight estimation in underweight and obese children: the accuracy of estimations of total body weight and ideal body weight. (PubMed)

Optimising emergency weight estimation in underweight and obese children: the accuracy of estimations of total body weight and ideal body weight. During medical emergencies, underweight and obese children are at a higher risk of weight-estimation errors than 'average' children, which may lead to poorer outcomes. In obese children, optimum drug dosing requires a measure of both total body weight (TBW) and ideal body weight (IBW) for appropriate scaling. We evaluated the ability of the Broselow (...) tape, the Mercy method and the PAWPER XL tape to estimate TBW and IBW in obese and underweight children.Data for children aged 0-18 years were extracted and pooled from three previous weight-estimation studies. The accuracy of estimation of TBW and IBW by each method was evaluated using percentage of estimations within 10% of target weight (PW10) as the primary outcome measure.The Broselow tape estimated TBW poorly in obese and underweight children (PW10: 3.9 and 41.4%), but estimated IBW extremely

2018 European Journal of Emergency Medicine

7. Multimodal Body Representation of Obese Children and Adolescents before and after Weight-Loss Treatment in Comparison to Normal-Weight Children. (PubMed)

more dissatisfied with their body as compared to NW. In OBE but not in NW, several measures of body size estimation correlated with negative body evaluation. After weight-loss treatment, OBE had improved in heartbeat detection accuracy and were less dissatisfied with their body. None of the assessed variables predicted weight-loss success.Although OBE children and adolescents generally perceived their body size and internal status of the body accurately, weight reduction improved their heartbeat (...) Multimodal Body Representation of Obese Children and Adolescents before and after Weight-Loss Treatment in Comparison to Normal-Weight Children. The aim of the study was to investigate whether obese children and adolescents have a disturbed body representation as compared to normal-weight participants matched for age and gender and whether their body representation changes in the course of an inpatient weight-reduction program.Sixty obese (OBE) and 27 normal-weight (NW) children and adolescents

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2016 PLoS ONE

8. A Comparative Study on the Results of Estimating Children's Weights Based on Arm Circumference, Height, and Body Habitus against Estimated Weight Broselow on 2–24 Months Children in Isfahan (PubMed)

children against Broselow estimation.This cross-sectional study involved 1500 children of 2-24 months referred to Isfahan urban and rural health centers in 2015. Children's estimated weights were measured based on the standard Broselow tape and real weights through a digital scale. The factors such as age, sex, height, arm circumference, head circumference, and living place of children were recorded. The collected data were analyzed through independent t-test, ANOVA, and linear regression using SPSS (...) A Comparative Study on the Results of Estimating Children's Weights Based on Arm Circumference, Height, and Body Habitus against Estimated Weight Broselow on 2–24 Months Children in Isfahan Resuscitation of children in different treatment wards is a challenge. Given that the pediatric drug dosing is based on weight and weighing is not practical in emergency situations, it is critical to employ a fast, easy, and reliable technique. Hence, this study attempted to evaluate the real weight

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2017 Advanced biomedical research

9. A school-based lifestyle intervention didn’t help children avoid unhealthy weight gain

as motivational techniques and positive parenting skills training. NICE recommends that school nurses and those involved in delivering the National Child Measurement Programme (BMI is measured in Reception and Year six) raise awareness of lifestyle weight management. What are the implications? This was a carefully designed and implemented real-life test of the programme. Children completed the programme in sufficient numbers to detect a meaningful difference in outcomes if one existed. The results seem clear (...) training. NICE recommends that school nurses and those involved in delivering the National Child Measurement Programme (BMI is measured in Reception and Year six) raise awareness of lifestyle weight management. What are the implications? This was a carefully designed and implemented real-life test of the programme. Children completed the programme in sufficient numbers to detect a meaningful difference in outcomes if one existed. The results seem clear – it does not work. That is not to say that other

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

10. Simple approaches to weight management of children and adolescents in primary care may not work

Simple approaches to weight management of children and adolescents in primary care may not work Simple approaches to weight management of children and adolescents in primary care may not work Discover Portal Discover Portal Simple approaches to weight management of children and adolescents in primary care may not work Published on 8 November 2016 doi: Brief education and motivational interventions delivered by primary care professionals in several short consultations had only a marginal effect (...) on weight loss among overweight or mildly obese children and young people. Obesity can cause immediate health and wellbeing issues in children but also has significant implications for their long term health. Given that many of these health problems will present in a primary care setting, commissioners have been interested in primary care based programmes to tackle obesity and the “intensity” of the intervention required to make a difference. The findings that a few sessions in primary care

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

11. Birth Weight for Gestational Age, Anthropometric Measures, and Cardiovascular Disease Markers in Children. (PubMed)

Birth Weight for Gestational Age, Anthropometric Measures, and Cardiovascular Disease Markers in Children. To examine the association of birth weight for gestational age with anthropometric measures and cardiometabolic markers in a population-based sample of Canadian children.The study used data from 2016 children aged 6-12 years from the first 2 cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, a population-based survey of Canadian residents. The main exposure was birth weight for gestational age (...) (small [SGA], large [LGA], and appropriate for gestational age [AGA]). The outcomes were anthropometric measures, blood pressure, and laboratory cardiovascular disease markers. The association between the exposure and the outcomes was examined using multiple regression. Analyses were weighted to account for the complex sampling design and for nonresponse.SGA infants had lower and LGA infants had higher z scores for anthropometric measures compared with the AGA group but most differences were

2016 Journal of Pediatrics

12. Composition of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour participation across the school-day, influence of gender and weight status: cross-sectional analyses among disadvantaged Victorian school children. (PubMed)

Composition of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour participation across the school-day, influence of gender and weight status: cross-sectional analyses among disadvantaged Victorian school children. The after-school period has been described as the 'critical window' for physical activity (PA) participation. However, little is known about the importance of this window compared with the before and during-school period among socioeconomically disadvantaged children (...) , and influence of gender and weight status.39 out of 156 (RR=25%) invited primary schools across 26 local government areas in Victoria, Australia, consented to participate with 856 children (RR=36%) participating in the wider study. The analysis sample included 298 Grade 4 and Grade 6 children (mean age: 11.2±1.1; 44% male) whom met minimum accelerometry wear-time criteria and had complete height, weight and health-behaviours questionnaire data. Accelerometry measured duration in daily light-intensity PA

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2016 BMJ open

13. High Discrepancy in Abdominal Obesity Prevalence According to Different Waist Circumference Cut-Offs and Measurement Methods in Children: Need for Age-Risk-Weighted Standardized Cut-Offs? (PubMed)

High Discrepancy in Abdominal Obesity Prevalence According to Different Waist Circumference Cut-Offs and Measurement Methods in Children: Need for Age-Risk-Weighted Standardized Cut-Offs? Waist circumference (WC) is a good proxy measure of central adiposity. Due to the multiplicity of existing WC cut-offs and different measurement methods, the decision to use one rather than another WC chart may lead to different prevalence estimates of abdominal obesity in the same population. Aim of our study (...) to calculate WC cut-offs. Risk-weighted WC cut-offs measured in a standardized anatomic site and calculated by the appropriate method are needed to simply identify by WC measurement those children at high risk of cardio-metabolic complications to whom specific and prompt health interventions should be addressed.

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2016 PloS one

14. Weight Measurement in Children

Weight Measurement in Children Weight Measurement in Children Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Weight Measurement (...) in Children Weight Measurement in Children Aka: Weight Measurement in Children II. Physiology Weight is best assessment of nutrition and growth III. Exam: Normal Weight Increases Weight gain after birth Weight doubles by 4-5 months of age Weight triples by 1 year of age Weight quadruples by 2 years of age Annual increase (Ages 2-9 years) Weight increases 5 lb/year (2.25 kg/year) between ages 2-9 years old IV. Exam: Normal Weight in boys (range: 3% to 97%) Age 1 year: 21-32 lbs, mean: 10 kg (22 lb) Age 2

2018 FP Notebook

15. Association of birth weight with abdominal obesity and weight disorders in children and adolescents: the weight disorder survey of the CASPIAN-IV Study (PubMed)

Association of birth weight with abdominal obesity and weight disorders in children and adolescents: the weight disorder survey of the CASPIAN-IV Study Introduction: This study aims to evaluate the association of birth weight (BW) with weight disorders in a national sample of Iranian pediatric population. Methods: This nationwide survey was conducted among 25000 student's aged 6-18 year-old students, who were selected using multistage cluster random sampling from 30 provinces of Iran in 2011 (...) ). On the other hand, HBW increased odd of overweight (OR: 1.28; 95% CI: 1.09, 1.50), generalized obesity (OR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.29, 1.96) and abdominal obesity (OR: 1.29; 95% CI: 1.11, 1.49) compared to NBW group. Conclusion: BW is a determinant of weight disorders and abdominal obesity in childhood and adolescence. This finding underscores the importance of prenatal care as well as close monitoring of the growth pattern of children born with low or high BW.

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2017 Journal of cardiovascular and thoracic research

16. Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese children and young people

specification requires that height and weight are measured and that both BMI and BMI for age and gender (BMI z score) are recorded. All children and young people should be measured at the following times: at recruitment to the programme at completion of the programme 6 months after completing the programme 1 year after completing the programme. For recommendations for providers see recommendations 3, 5, 10 and 14. See also recommendation 10 in Obesity: working with local communities (NICE public health (...) there are concerns about a child or young person's weight, weigh them in light clothing on clinically approved, regularly calibrated scales. In children older than 2 years, measure their Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese children and young people (PH47) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 20 of 111height using a stadiometer. (See the Standard evaluation framework for weight management

2013 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

17. The bidirectional relationship between weight, height and dental caries among preschool children in China. (PubMed)

The bidirectional relationship between weight, height and dental caries among preschool children in China. There is evidence of a bidirectional association between dental caries and anthropometric measures among children. This dual relationship has not been examined in the same population. The objectives of this study are (1) to examine the relationship between baseline caries and changes in weight and height; and (2) to assess whether baseline weight and height are associated with changes (...) . Sociodemographic and behaviour data were also collected. At follow-up, 772 children were included (attrition rate: 30%), dental caries and anthropometric measures were assessed again. Z-score for weight-for-age and height-for-age were calculated using the 2006 and 2007 WHO Child Growth Standards. The sum of decayed, missing and filled primary teeth (dmft) were used in the analysis. Multilevel analysis for longitudinal data was conducted to explore the relationship between z-score for weight-for-age and height

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2019 PLoS ONE

18. Identifying obesity/overweight status in children and adolescents; A cross-sectional medical record review of physicians' weight screening practice in outpatient clinics, Saudi Arabia. (PubMed)

Identifying obesity/overweight status in children and adolescents; A cross-sectional medical record review of physicians' weight screening practice in outpatient clinics, Saudi Arabia. BMI is a feasible and recommended measure for overweight and obesity screening in children and adolescents. The study aimed to determine how often physicians correctly identified obesity/ overweight status in children and adolescents by using BMI percentile charts.This retrospective cross-sectional study reviewed (...) the paper medical records of children and adolescents (6-14 years) who visited family medicine and pediatric outpatient clinics (Jan-June 2012) in a medical city in Riyadh. Investigators calculated BMI percentiles (using height, weight, age and gender data retrieved from the records) in order to identify patient weight status. Physician documentation of obesity/overweight diagnoses in patient problem lists were cross checked against their BMI percentile to assess the accuracy of physicians

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2019 PLoS ONE

19. Improving child weight management uptake through enhanced National Child Measurement Programme parental feedback letters: A randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Improving child weight management uptake through enhanced National Child Measurement Programme parental feedback letters: A randomised controlled trial. This single-blind, pragmatic, cluster randomised controlled trial aims to investigate uptake of children's weight management services in response to enhanced National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) letters providing weight status feedback to parents in three English counties in 2015. Parents of 2642 overweight or very overweight (obese (...) ) children aged 10-11 years received an intervention or control letter informing them of their child's weight status. Intervention letters included (i) a visual tool to help weight status recognition, (ii) a social norms statement, and for very overweight children, (iii) a prepopulated booking form for weight management services. The primary outcome was weight management service enrolment. Additional outcome measures included attendance at and contact made with weight management services, and a number

2019 Preventive Medicine

20. The effects of the integration of dynamic weight shifting training into treadmill training on walking function of children with cerebral palsy– a randomized controlled study (PubMed)

The effects of the integration of dynamic weight shifting training into treadmill training on walking function of children with cerebral palsy– a randomized controlled study The aim of the study was to determine whether applying an assistance force to the pelvis and legs during treadmill training can improve walking function in children with cerebral palsy.Twenty-three children with cerebral palsy were randomly assigned to the robotic or treadmill only group. For participants who were (...) increases in walking speed and 6-min walking distance were observed after robotic training (P = 0.03), but no significant change was observed after treadmill training only. A greater increase in 6-min walking distance was observed after robotic training than that after treadmill only training (P = 0.01).Applying a controlled force to the pelvis and legs, for facilitating weight-shift and leg swing, respectively, during treadmill training may improve walking speed and endurance in children with cerebral

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2017 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation

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