How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,718 results for

Wechsler Intelligence Scale

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1701. The relation of infantile spasms, tubers, and intelligence in tuberous sclerosis complex. (PubMed)

recruited who were able to undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without the need for an anaesthetic. Epilepsy history was determined by interview and review of clinical records. IQ was assessed using either Wechsler intelligence scales or Raven's matrices.A total of 41 patients consented to have an MRI scan. IQ scores were normally distributed about a mean of 91. Twenty six patients had a positive history of epilepsy, and 11 had suffered from infantile spasms. There was a significant relation (...) The relation of infantile spasms, tubers, and intelligence in tuberous sclerosis complex. The aetiology of the learning difficulty in tuberous sclerosis is debated. It may be related to the amount of tubers in the brain or caused by the infantile spasms that occur in early life.To examine the relative contributions to final intelligence (IQ) made by both cerebral tubers and infantile spasms.As part of an epidemiological study of tuberous sclerosis in the south of England, patients were

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2004 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1702. Rising verbal intelligence scores: implications for research and clinical practice. (PubMed)

Rising verbal intelligence scores: implications for research and clinical practice. Evidence suggests that scores on various intelligence tests have been rising at a fast rate. To find out whether performance on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) Vocabulary subtest has also been rising, the authors searched major psychology journals for investigations involving healthy younger and older adult participants and collected the reported WAIS Vocabulary scores. The meta-analysis shows

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2003 Psychology and aging

1703. The association between duration of breastfeeding and adult intelligence. (PubMed)

cohort study conducted in a sample of 973 men and women and a sample of 2280 men, all of whom were born in Copenhagen, Denmark, between October 1959 and December 1961. The samples were divided into 5 categories based on duration of breastfeeding, as assessed by physician interview with mothers at a 1-year examination.Intelligence, assessed using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) at a mean age of 27.2 years in the mixed-sex sample and the Børge Priens Prøve (BPP) test at a mean age of 18.7 (...) The association between duration of breastfeeding and adult intelligence. A number of studies suggest a positive association between breastfeeding and cognitive development in early and middle childhood. However, the only previous study that investigated the relationship between breastfeeding and intelligence in adults had several methodological shortcomings.To determine the association between duration of infant breastfeeding and intelligence in young adulthood.Prospective longitudinal birth

2002 JAMA

1704. [Influence of intelligence level of the type I diabetic patients handling hi-tech glycemia monitoring system on the effectiveness of intensive insulin treatment]. (PubMed)

-groups. Eight patients used the transmission system and the remaining 9 patients were treated classically. Patient's intelligence level was assessed according Wechsler scale. Analysis of variance indicated that intelligence level did not influence significantly on average result of the treatment (p > 0.05) in whole study group and in both subgroups. Generally, in patients with lower (93 +/- 2.0) and higher (114.1 +/- 1.2) intelligence level glycemic control indices were found to be similar and did (...) [Influence of intelligence level of the type I diabetic patients handling hi-tech glycemia monitoring system on the effectiveness of intensive insulin treatment]. An intensive care system designed and developed in IBBE PAS allows for electronic storage and automatic transmission of BG values and other parameters directly from a patient's BG meter and electronic logbook (Glucometer M+ Bayer) to central clinical computer by telematic connection. Despite effort made to keep the system as simple

2000 Ginekologia polska

1705. Neurofibromatosis type 1 in childhood: correlation of MRI findings with intelligence. (PubMed)

Neurofibromatosis type 1 in childhood: correlation of MRI findings with intelligence. In a group of 28 children with neurofibromatosis type 1 aged between 4 and 16 years, neuroradiological findings were correlated with intelligence as measured by the Wechsler scales. The presence or specific location in the brain of T2 weighted prolonged signals on MRI was not associated with cognitive problems. No other physical characteristics associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 were found to correlate

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1995 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

1706. The effect of vitamin-mineral supplementation on the intelligence of American schoolchildren: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. (PubMed)

intelligence.Two "working class," primarily Hispanic, elementary schools in Phoenix, Arizona, participated in the study. Slightly more than half the teachers in each school distributed the tablets daily to 245 schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years.Daily vitamin-mineral supplementation at 50% of the U.S. daily recommended allowance (RDA) for 3 months versus placebo.Post-test nonverbal IQ, as measured by the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R), while controlling for pretest nonverbal IQ (...) The effect of vitamin-mineral supplementation on the intelligence of American schoolchildren: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Many medical, nutrition, and education professionals have long suspected that poor diet impairs the academic performance of Western schoolchildren; academic performance often improves after improved diet. However, others have suggested that such academic gains may be due to psychologic effects rather than nutrition. To resolve this issue, two

2000 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

1707. Vitamin-mineral intake and intelligence: a macrolevel analysis of randomized controlled trials. (PubMed)

, Scotland, and Wales participated, with 1477 school children, aged 6 to 17 years, and 276 young adult males, aged 18 to 25 years, in 2 American correctional facilities.All studies used 1 of 3 standardized tests of nonverbal intelligence: the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, or the Calvert Non-verbal test.The activities in each study performed better, on average, than placebo in nonverbal IQ, regardless of formula, location, age, race, gender (...) Vitamin-mineral intake and intelligence: a macrolevel analysis of randomized controlled trials. Two independent groups suspected that poor diets in school children might impair intelligence. Because dietary changes produce psychological effects, both groups conducted randomized trials in which children were challenged with placebo or vitamin-mineral tablets. Both reported significantly greater gains in intelligence among the actives. The findings were important because of the apparent

1999 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

1708. Correlates of intelligence test results in treated phenylketonuric children. (PubMed)

, the most important predictors of IQ for 6-year-old children were: (1) mothers' intellectual ability (as measured on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale); (2) age at which the subjects were first treated; and (3) how well the subjects adhered to the phenylalanine-restricted diet. It was concluded that optimal early treatment will result in normal levels of intelligence at 6 years of age. (...) the prescribed ranges, a steady increase over time resulted in mean six year levels of 11.4 mg/100 ml and 13.0 mg/100 ml for the two groups, respectively. Because it was not possible to maintain the prescribed differences in blood phenylalanine levels between the two groups, they were combined for further analyses. The mean IQ of the total sample at age 6 years was 98 on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale. Multiple regression analysis showed that, among selected treatment and psychosocial factors

1981 Pediatrics

1709. A cohort study of behavioral problems and intelligence in children with high prenatal polychlorinated biphenyl exposure. (PubMed)

to have ectodermal defects, developmental delay, and disordered behavior. We have continued to observe the children.From 1992 through 1995, 118 children born between 1978 and 1985 (during or after their mothers' exposure) and 118 matched neighborhood control children had cognitive function measured yearly with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised and behavioral problems measured with the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist and the Rutter Child Behavior Scale A.The exposed children (...) A cohort study of behavioral problems and intelligence in children with high prenatal polychlorinated biphenyl exposure. In 1978, about 2000 persons in Taiwan were poisoned when their cooking oil was contaminated during manufacture with heat-degraded polychlorinated biphenyls, which are toxic, very widespread pollutant chemicals. The chemicals cannot be metabolized or excreted, and 8 of the first 39 children born to affected women died. When examined in 1985, 117 surviving children were found

2002 Archives of General Psychiatry

1710. Factors associated with lowered intelligence in homozygous sickle cell disease. (PubMed)

Factors associated with lowered intelligence in homozygous sickle cell disease. The intelligence quotient (IQ) of 60 patients with homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease and 60 age and sex matched controls with a normal haemoglobin (AA) genotype aged 15-18 years, followed up in a cohort study from birth, was assessed by the Wechsler intelligence scales for children or for adults. IQ appeared to be normally distributed in both genotypes but mean values in SS disease were 5.6 points (95% confidence

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1995 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1711. Intelligence quotient profile in myotonic dystrophy, intergenerational deficit, and correlation with CTG amplification. (PubMed)

Intelligence quotient profile in myotonic dystrophy, intergenerational deficit, and correlation with CTG amplification. An abbreviated Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Revised (WAIS-R) was used to assess verbal and arithmetical cognitive performance in 55 subjects with myotonic dystrophy (DM), covering all grades of disease severity, and 31 controls at 50% risk of inheriting DM. Scaled scores from the assessment were converted into an intelligence quotient (IQ) estimation on each person

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1994 Journal of Medical Genetics

1712. Relation between biochemical severity and intelligence in early treated congenital hypothyroidism: a threshold effect. (PubMed)

, and Northern Ireland.361 children with congenital hypothyroidism given early treatment and 315 control children.Intelligence quotient (IQ) measured at school entry at 5 years of age with the Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence.There was a discontinuous relation between IQ and plasma thyroxine concentration at diagnosis, with a threshold at 42.8 nmol/l (95% confidence interval 35.2 to 47.1 nmol/l). Hypothyroid children with thyroxine values below 42.8 nmol/l had a mean IQ 10.3 points (6.9 (...) Relation between biochemical severity and intelligence in early treated congenital hypothyroidism: a threshold effect. To assess whether early treatment of congenital hypothyroidism fully prevents intellectual impairment.A national register of children with congenital hypothyroidism who were compared with unaffected children from the same school classes and matched for age, sex, social class, and first language.First three years (1982-4) of a neonatal screening programme in England, Wales

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1994 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1713. Intelligence indices in people with a high/low risk for developing Huntington's disease. (PubMed)

Intelligence indices in people with a high/low risk for developing Huntington's disease. Intelligence in 20 presymptomatic subjects with an increased risk (> 95%) for carrying the gene for Huntington's disease (HD) was studied in a prospective, case-control, single blind study. No significant differences between the groups were detected for intelligence indices and subtest scores (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale). The high level of the performance IQ and the significant discrepancy between

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1997 Journal of Medical Genetics

1714. Biochemical markers of intelligence: a proton MR spectroscopy study of normal human brain. (PubMed)

the concentrations of NAA and Cho in the left occipitoparietal white matter of 26 healthy adults and compared them with intellectual performance assessed by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-3. We found that NAA (b = 0.6, p < 0.01) and Cho (b = -0.42, p < 0.01) were independently associated with the Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient. Together, these metabolites accounted for a large proportion of the variance in intelligence (r2 = 0.45). Possible mechanisms underlying these correlations, such as mitochondrial (...) Biochemical markers of intelligence: a proton MR spectroscopy study of normal human brain. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) offers a unique non-invasive approach to measurement of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and choline (Cho), putative markers of neuronal and glial integrity. Previous studies revealed that these neurochemicals predict cognitive impairment in diseased subjects, although little is known about their relationship to cognitive functioning in healthy people. We measured

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1999 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1715. Wechsler subscale IQ and subtest profile in early treated phenylketonuria (PubMed)

Wechsler subscale IQ and subtest profile in early treated phenylketonuria Mildly depressed IQ is common in treated phenylketonuria. This study explored whether a particular intellectual ability profile typifies early and continuously treated phenylketonuria and whether component skills comprising the IQ relate to socioeconomic and treatment factors.IQ scores were collected retrospectively from variants of the "Wechsler intelligence scale for children" performed at age 8 on 57 children (...) or sociological explanation. Individual Wechsler subtests had no distinctive pattern. Phenylalanine control at age 2 was predictive of overall IQ. At this age, children with annual median phenylalanine < 360 micromol/litre (recommended UK upper limit) had a mean IQ 10 points higher than those above.Early and continuous treatment of phenylketonuria does not necessarily lead to normalisation of overall IQ. Verbal intelligence in the primary school years appears to normalise if blood phenylalanine is maintained

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2000 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1716. Memory deficits in schizophrenia: inadequate assimilation or true amnesia? Findings from the Wechsler Memory Scale--revised. (PubMed)

larger neural networks. We compared data from psychometrically similar procedures, the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R) and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R), generated by 17 schizophrenia-spectrum patients and 33 psychiatric controls. We then compared our findings in detail with all published WMS-R/WAIS-R schizophrenia data. Our findings and the literature indicate that the acquisition of new information is disrupted in schizophrenia, but they provide little support for claims (...) Memory deficits in schizophrenia: inadequate assimilation or true amnesia? Findings from the Wechsler Memory Scale--revised. Researchers disagree about why patients with schizophrenia perform poorly on memory tests. Some argue the presence of a fundamental memory deficit stemming from dysfunction in medial temporal lobe structures, principally the hippocampus. Others, stressing the contributions of impaired attention or executive failings such as a disorganized approach to learning, implicate

Full Text available with Trip Pro

1997 Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience

1717. Intellectual prognosis of status epilepticus in adult epilepsy patients: analysis with Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-revised. (PubMed)

Intellectual prognosis of status epilepticus in adult epilepsy patients: analysis with Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-revised. Status epilepticus (SE) appears to cause cognitive dysfunction as well as other serious neurologic sequelae. To confirm whether SE produces a subsequent intellectual decline, we evaluated intellectual function prospectively in adult epilepsy patients with and without SE.Of 1,685 patients with epilepsy who underwent comprehensive neuropsychological testing in two (...) national hospitals in Japan, 15 patients experienced an episode of SE afterward and underwent the second neuropsychological examination after the SE episode. Forty clinically matched patients with epilepsy, but without an episode of SE since their initial neuropsychological examination, were also reevaluated. We compared IQs and subscores from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised between the two groups by repeated measures analysis of variance. In the patients who experienced an SE episode, SE

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2005 Epilepsia

1718. An investigation of the validity of the British Ability Scales with respect to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised and the wide range achievement test-revised on a group of Canadian children. (PubMed)

An investigation of the validity of the British Ability Scales with respect to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised and the wide range achievement test-revised on a group of Canadian children. 3166936 1988 11 17 2006 11 15 0007-0998 58 ( Pt 2) 1988 Jun The British journal of educational psychology Br J Educ Psychol An investigation of the validity of the British Ability Scales with respect to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised and the wide range achievement (...) test-revised on a group of Canadian children. 212-6 Cook J J eng Clinical Trial Comparative Study Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial England Br J Educ Psychol 0370636 0007-0998 IM Achievement Adolescent Aptitude Tests Child Educational Measurement Humans Male Reading Wechsler Scales 1988 6 1 1988 6 1 0 1 1988 6 1 0 0 ppublish 3166936

1988 The British journal of educational psychology

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>