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Wechsler Intelligence Scale

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1621. Effect of warning on feigned malingering on the WAIS-R in college samples. (Abstract)

Effect of warning on feigned malingering on the WAIS-R in college samples. Research indicates claimant malingering of cognitive deficits to be common in personal injury litigation. Efforts have been made to either detect such tendencies or deter efforts at malingering. The present study examined whether warning people that feigned malingering efforts would be detected results in more valid profiles on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised. Undergraduates (N = 48) were randomly assigned (...) to one of three conditions: feigned malingerers without warning, feigned malingerers with warning, and controls. Analysis indicated both feigned malingerer groups performed significantly worse than the control group; however, feigned malingerers with warning did not perform significantly better than those without warning. Unlike previous research using the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised, results did not support effectiveness of warning in reducing feigned malingering scores.

1998 Perceptual and motor skills Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1622. [Long-term prognosis in febrile convulsions with and without prophylaxis]. (Abstract)

kg), height (168.2 vs. 167.7 cm) and head circumference (55.9 vs. 56.2 cm). The neurological examination, fine and gross motor development on Stott motor test, intellectual performance on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children verbal IQ (105 vs. 105), performance IQ (114 vs. 111) and full scale IQ (110 vs. 108). cognitive abilities on an neuropsychological test battery, including short and long term, auditory and visual memory, visuomotor tempo, computer reaction time, reading test

1997 Ugeskrift for laeger Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1623. Cognitive function 5 years after randomization to coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass graft surgery. (Abstract)

and Digit Span subtests from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, and Part B of the Reitan Trail Making Test. The 125 study patients were generally similar to the 133 patients who were eligible but did not participate, although study participants were significantly younger (P=.003). The 64 patients randomly assigned to angioplasty had baseline characteristics similar to those of 61 patients randomly assigned to surgery. Cognitive function scores were not significantly different between angioplasty (...) coronary surgery or initial angioplasty.Five centers in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation participated in this ancillary study. Patients with multivessel coronary disease randomized to angioplasty or surgery were eligible at the time of their 5-year clinic visit. A battery of five measures previously shown to be sensitive to perioperative changes in cognitive function was administered, including the Logical and Figural Memory Scales from the Wechsler Memory Scale, the Digit Symbol

1997 Circulation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1624. Clinical efficacy of lactulose in cirrhotic patients with and without subclinical hepatic encephalopathy. (Abstract)

psychometric tests used (number connection test, and symbol digit and block design tests of the Wechsler adult intelligence scale [revised]) were abnormal as compared with age-matched normal values. The mean number of abnormal psychometric test results and the prevalence of SHE were used for a quantitative evaluation of the efficacy of the lactulose treatment. Twenty-two of the SHE patients were treated with lactulose (45 mL/d) for 8 weeks, and the other 14 SHE patients did not receive lactulose

1997 Hepatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1625. Impact of cyanotic heart disease on school performance. Full Text available with Trip Pro

; the difference in group mean score (adjusted for differences in maternal education, sex, and parental occupational prestige) for reading was 10.3 points (confidence interval (CI) 1.25 to 19.34), for spelling 7.8 (CI 1.11 to 14.52), and for arithmetic 6.8 (CI 0.19 to 13.39). The differences in adjusted group means for the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised full scale, performance and verbal IQs were significant, particularly the later at 10.1 points (CI 2.59 to 17.61). Teacher reports indicated

1994 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1626. Intellectual development at 10 years in early treated congenital hypothyroidism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intellectual development at 10 years in early treated congenital hypothyroidism. Fifty nine children born between 1978 and 1981 with congenital hypothyroidism detected by neonatal screening were assessed at 10 years using the Wechsler intelligence scale for children, together with 59 matched classroom controls. Thirty one children with severe hypothyroidism who had pretreatment plasma thyroxine concentrations of 40 nmol/l or less had a mean (SD) full scale IQ score of 104.7 (15.1), compared

1994 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1627. Clinical and subclinical deficits at 8 years in a geographically defined cohort of low birthweight infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical and subclinical deficits at 8 years in a geographically defined cohort of low birthweight infants. To determine the prevalence of subclinical deficits in cognitive and motor function in low birthweight infants.Children of birth weight < or = 2000 g born to mothers resident in Merseyside in 1980-1 assessed using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), the Neale analysis of reading ability, and the Stott-Moyes-Henderson test of motor impairment (TOMI). Children attending

1994 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1628. Idiopathic epilepsy and school achievement. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Idiopathic epilepsy and school achievement. Forty one children (20 boys, 21 girls) aged 6-10.8 years (mean age 8.6 years) who were affected with idiopathic epilepsy underwent neuropsychological (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Bender test) and behavioural assessment (Personality Inventory for Children; this was also used in a matched control group). Further information was obtained by teachers' reports. School underachievement occurred in 25 children (61%). Statistical analysis showed

1994 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1629. Alcoholic Korsakoff's Psychosis: A Psychometric, Neuroradiological and Neurophysiological Investigation of Nine Cases Full Text available with Trip Pro

but the comprehension, vocabulary and digit span subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. A significant negative correlation was found between scores on the Digit Symbol Subtest and the degree of temporal lobe atrophy (p < 0.01), and between Evans' Ratio and the Paired Associate Learning Test of the Wechsler Memory Scale (p < 0.05). The P3 auditory evoked potential correlated significantly with a poor performance on the Digit Symbol Subtest. In all cases, cortical atrophy co-existed with ventricular

1984 The Ulster medical journal

1630. Klinefelter's syndrome in adolescence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

circumference in the XXY boys. Gynaecomastia was present in 4 boys, and testicular volume was reduced in the majority but one boy had normal sized testes. On the Wechsler intelligence scale there was a significant reduction in verbal score but not in either performance or full-scale score compared with the controls. Although appreciable differences were found in growth, personality, intelligence test scores, and psychosexual development, these were of small degree.

1982 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1631. Intellectual function and age of repair in cyanotic congenital heart disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intellectual function and age of repair in cyanotic congenital heart disease. Eighty one children, comprising 51 with tetralogy of Fallot and 30 children with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) were assessed using the Wechsler intelligence scale for children--revised, and a battery of neuropsychological measures. They were compared with a group of 33 children who had surgery for ventricular septal defect. All children were aged over 10 years when reviewed and were in good health

1995 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1632. Impaired motor function (clumsiness) in 5 year old children: correlation with neonatal ultrasound scans. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impaired motor function (clumsiness) in 5 year old children: correlation with neonatal ultrasound scans. All 155 surviving children from a cohort of 200 very low birthweight infants originally studied in 1984-5 were traced. These infants had careful sequential ultrasound examinations in the neonatal period. The children were examined again at entry into school at 5 years of age. The test of motor impairment (TOMI) and the vocabulary subscale of the Wechsler preschool and primary scale (...) of intelligence (WPPSI) were administered to 152 of the index cohort and 144 control children of the same age in the same class at school. Twelve of the cohort had cerebral palsy, but eight of these were in mainstream schools. The index group scored significantly higher on both the TOMI and the WPPSI subscale compared with the controls. The index cases were subdivided on the basis of their neonatal ultrasound scans into four groups: group 1, consistently normal; group 2, 'prolonged flare'; group 3, germinal

1992 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1633. Sequelae of haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

was significant at the 0.01 level. Significance values between 0.10 and 0.01 were obtained for the Wechsler full scale and verbal intelligence quotient scores and for several of the achievement measures and behaviour ratings. These results were conservatively interpreted as trends and are considered to provide preliminary indications of a post-HUS deficit in behaviour, verbal intelligence, and the verbally based skills of reading comprehension and vocabulary. The findings provide interim guidelines for follow

1992 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1634. Mental status of females with an FMR1 gene full mutation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mental status of females with an FMR1 gene full mutation. The cloning of the FMR1 gene enables molecular diagnosis in patients and in carriers (male and female) of this X-linked mental retardation disorder. Unlike most X-linked disorders, a considerable proportion of the female carriers of a full mutation of the FMR1 gene is affected. In this study, the intelligence quotients (IQs) were ascertained by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale in 33 adult females with a full mutation, with 28 first

1996 American Journal of Human Genetics

1635. Fragile-X: neuropsychological test performance, CGG triplet repeat lengths, and hippocampal volumes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fragile-X: neuropsychological test performance, CGG triplet repeat lengths, and hippocampal volumes. We compared cognitive performance and hippocampal volumes using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in adult fragile-X [fra(X)] males and females with either premutation (pM) or full mutation (fM) (n = 10 in all groups). Cognitive performance of fM males in the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised was worse than that of pM males, and the deficits in fM females were qualitatively similar

1997 Journal of Clinical Investigation

1636. Working Memory Spans as Predictors of Spoken Word Recognition and Receptive Vocabulary in Children with Cochlear Implants Full Text available with Trip Pro

of working memory were examined separately for children using oral communication (OC) (n = 32) and Total Communication (TC) (n = 29). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition (WISC) digit-spans, requiring immediate recall of auditory-only lists in both forwards and backwards directions were, collected. Two versions of a novel "memory span game" were also administered: One required memory for sequences of colored lights; the other assessed memory for colored lights presented in conjunction

2000 The Volta review

1637. Breast feeding and cognitive development at age 1 and 5 years Full Text available with Trip Pro

Development at age 13 months (Mental Index, MDI; Psychomotor Index, PDI), Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence (WPPSI-R), and Peabody Developmental Scales at age 5.Children breast fed for less than 3 months had an increased risk, compared to children breast fed for at least 6 months, of a test score below the median value of MDI at 13 months and of WPPSI-R at 5 years. Maternal age, maternal intelligence (Raven score), maternal education, and smoking in pregnancy were significant (...) Breast feeding and cognitive development at age 1 and 5 years To examine whether duration of breast feeding has any effect on a child's cognitive or motor development in a population with favourable environmental conditions and a high prevalence of breast feeding.In 345 Scandinavian children, data on breast feeding were prospectively recorded during the first year of life, and neuromotor development was assessed at 1 and 5 years of age. Main outcome measures were Bayley's Scales of Infant

2001 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1638. The relationship of genotype to cognitive outcome in galactosaemia Full Text available with Trip Pro

The relationship of genotype to cognitive outcome in galactosaemia To evaluate the cognitive outcome of a cohort of children with galactosaemia in relation to genotype.The cohort was drawn from children notified to the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit galactosaemia study which ran from 1988 to 1990. Cognitive outcome was assessed using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children or the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence. Parents completed a questionnaire detailing (...) educational status, and the attending paediatrician returned a questionnaire regarding age at diagnosis and biochemical outcome over the previous two years.A total of 45 children were genotyped: 30 were homoallelic for the Q188R mutation, the remainder being heteroallelic for Q188R with K285N (n = 4), L195P (n = 4), or other mutations (n = 7). Psychometric evaluation was available in 34 cases: mean full scale IQ was 79, verbal quotient 79, and performance quotient 82. Genotype was not related to galactose

2000 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1639. Low level methylmercury exposure affects neuropsychological function in adults Full Text available with Trip Pro

on demographic variables, including education, occupation, and residence history. Mercury exposure was determined by analysis of hair using flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The neurocognitive screening battery included tests from the Wechsler Memory Scale and the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Concentrated Attention Test of the Toulouse-Pierron Factorial Battery, the Manual Ability Subtests of the Tests of Mechanical Ability, and the Profile of Mood States.Mercury exposures

2003 Environmental Health

1640. Differential effects of preterm birth and small gestational age on cognitive and motor development Full Text available with Trip Pro

Differential effects of preterm birth and small gestational age on cognitive and motor development To determine the differential effects of preterm birth and being small for gestational age on the cognitive and motor ability of the child.A longitudinal cohort of all infants of gestational age < or = 32 weeks born to mothers resident in the counties of Cheshire and Merseyside in 1980-1 was studied. The children were assessed at the age of 8 to 9 years using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale

1997 Archives of disease in childhood Fetal and neonatal edition

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