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Wechsler Intelligence Scale

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1601. Selective subtemporal amygdalohippocampectomy for refractory temporal lobe epilepsy: operative and neuropsychological outcomes. (PubMed)

temporal lobe epilepsy. Neuropsychological evaluation using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale was done before surgery in all patients, 2 months after surgery in 24 patients, and at 2-year follow up in 19 patients. A verbal paired associates learning test was administered before surgery and 2 months after surgery in 19 patients. The data were compared between the 13 patients in whom the language-dominant hemisphere was surgically treated and the six patients in whom the language-nondominant (...) was treated. Significant postoperative increases in verbal IQ, performance IQ, and full-scale IQ were observed over time. No significant differences were found between pre- and postoperative verbal memory test scores, and no subjective visual field loss was marked in any patient.Subtemporal selective amygdalohippocampectomy provides favorable surgical and neuropsychological outcomes and does not cause significant postoperative decline of verbal memory if performed on the language-dominant side.

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2007 Journal of Neurosurgery

1602. Genetic priming of a proinflammatory profile predicts low IQ in octogenarians. (PubMed)

Genetic priming of a proinflammatory profile predicts low IQ in octogenarians. The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within interleukin (IL)-18, TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IL-10 gene promoter regions are risk factors for cognitive decline in healthy octogenarians, and to isolate the strongest inflammatory biomarkers of cognitive function in the peripheral blood. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale was administered to 112 individuals at ages

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2007 Neurobiology of Aging

1603. Amnestic syndrome of the medial temporal type identifies prodromal AD: a longitudinal study. (PubMed)

by a standardized neuropsychological battery, which included the Free and Cued Selective Recall Reminding Test (FCSRT) for verbal episodic memory; the Benton Visual Retention Test for visual memory; the Deno 100 and verbal fluency for language; a serial digit learning test and the double task of Baddeley for working memory; Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) similarities for conceptual elaboration; and the Stroop test, the Trail Making test, and the WAIS digit symbol test for executive functions

2007 Neurology

1604. Cognitive function before and after surgery in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm. (PubMed)

Cognitive function before and after surgery in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm. This prospective study investigated whether surgery for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) affects cognitive function and cerebral blood flow (CBF).Cognitive tests using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, Wechsler Memory Scale, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test, and CBF measurements using single-photon emission computed tomography were performed before and after surgery for UIAs (...) in 44 patients < or =70 years of age.Group-rate analysis showed the verbal intelligence quotient (IQ), performance IQ, full-scale IQ, and recall trial scores of the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test all increased significantly after surgery, whereas the Wechsler Memory Scale and copy trial scores of the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test were not significantly different. Event-rate analysis demonstrated that no patient showed impaired cognition. There was no significant difference between CBF

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2005 Stroke

1605. Functional recovery after hemiplegia in patients with neglect: the rehabilitative role of anosognosia. (PubMed)

women). The average interval from onset of stroke to admission for rehabilitation was 23 and 23.6 days, respectively, in group N and in group N+A. Patients were assessed through the Mesulam test, Bisiach test, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Fugl-Meyer scale, Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and Rankin scale.Before rehabilitation, cognitive FIM scores of patients of group N were significantly higher than those of group N+A (P=0.001), whereas motor FIM scores and total FIM scores did

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2005 Stroke

1606. Effects of mothers' autoimmune disease during pregnancy on learning disabilities and hand preference in their children. (PubMed)

study with subjects matched by age and sex.We studied 58 children whose mothers had SLE during pregnancy and 58 children of healthy mothers. Measures Data collected included maternal disease variables in women with SLE during their pregnancies. All children took a standardized intelligence test (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III) and completed a modified version of the Edinburgh Hand Preference Questionnaire. They also took standardized tests of reading, arithmetic, and writing (...) achievement. Learning disability was defined as having an academic achievement score of at least 1.5 SDs below the Full-Scale IQ.Sons of women with SLE were significantly more likely to have LD than daughters of women with SLE or children of either sex in the control group. Maternal SLE was not associated with non-right-handedness in sons or daughters. The presence of anti-Ro/La antibodies and disease activity (flare) in mothers during pregnancy were significantly related to higher prevalence of LD

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2003 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

1607. Children's television viewing and cognitive outcomes: a longitudinal analysis of national data. (PubMed)

), on the Peabody Individual Achievement Test Reading Comprehension Scale of 0.58 points (95% CI, -0.94 to -0.21 points), and on the Memory for Digit Span assessment from the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children of -0.10 points (95% CI, -0.20 to 0 points). For the Reading Recognition Scale score only, a beneficial effect of television at ages 3 to 5 years was identified, with each hour associated with a 0.51-point improvement in the score (95% CI, 0.17 to 0.85 points).There are modest adverse effects (...) stimulation throughout early childhood, maternal education, and IQ.Before age 3 years, the children in this study watched an average of 2.2 hours per day; at ages 3 to 5 years, the daily average was 3.3 hours. Adjusted for the covariates mentioned earlier, each hour of average daily television viewing before age 3 years was associated with deleterious effects on the Peabody Individual Achievement Test Reading Recognition Scale of 0.31 points (95% confidence interval [CI], -0.61 to -0.01 points

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2005 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

1608. Set-shifting and behavioral dysfunction in primary focal dystonia. (PubMed)

Set-shifting and behavioral dysfunction in primary focal dystonia. The occurrence of cognitive and behavioral symptoms in patients with primary dystonia remains a matter of debate. We compared 45 patients with primary dystonia with 27 control subjects for performance on neuropsychological tasks with a load on executive-Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Stroop test, and visuospatial-Benton's visual retention test (BVRT) and Block assembly test from Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale BAT (...) -functions, as well as for intensity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale, Y-BOCS). Correlation analysis was performed between neuropsychological performance, dystonia characteristics (duration, age of onset) and severity (Unified Dystonia Rating Scale, UDRS), and Y-BOCS. Patients made more perseverative errors on the WCST (P = 0.042) and had a higher mean Y-BOCS (P = 0.003) score than controls. Timed tests (BVRT, BAT, Stroop test) correlated with UDRS. Y-BOCS, WCST

2007 Movement Disorders

1609. Effects of stunting, diarrhoeal disease, and parasitic infection during infancy on cognition in late childhood: a follow-up study. (PubMed)

status. At 9 years of age, we assessed cognitive function in 143 (69%) with the full-scale intelligence quotient of the Wechsler intelligence scale for children-revised (WISC-R). Findings All findings were adjusted for socioeconomic status and schooling; in addition, findings related to diarrhoea prevalence, Giardia lamblia, and Cryptosporidium parvum were adjusted for severe stunting. During the first 2 years of life, 46 (32%) of 143 children were stunted. Children with severe stunting in the second

2002 Lancet

1610. A preliminary study of the comparative effects of olanzapine and fluphenazine on cognition in schizophrenic patients. (PubMed)

of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, the Stroop Neuropsychological Screening Test and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test were performed. Olanzapine treatment proved to have a beneficial effect on digit-symbol performance and some aspects of executive function. In comparison to the fluphenazine treatment, the olanzapine treatment only showed a beneficial effect in increased percentage of conceptual level responses. Although the results are preliminary, they could implicate that the benefit of olanzapine

2002 Human psychopharmacology

1611. Neuropsychological functions in the follow-up of transient global amnesia. (PubMed)

Neuropsychological functions in the follow-up of transient global amnesia. 4031918 1985 10 07 2018 11 13 0022-3050 48 7 1985 Jul Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Neuropsychological functions in the follow-up of transient global amnesia. 713 Matias-Guiu J J Codina A A eng Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM Amnesia psychology Follow-Up Studies Humans Intelligence Memory, Short-Term Middle Aged Wechsler Scales 1985

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1985 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

1612. The use of bromocriptine for the treatment of attention deficit disorder in two chemically dependent patients. (PubMed)

, double-blind research design is used to evaluate the efficacy of bromocriptine, as measured by scale 9 of the MMPI, the digit span and digit symbol tests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale-Revised, and the signaling to numbers test. Statistical analysis of the results revealed an equivocal response to bromocriptine.

1989 Journal of psychoactive drugs

1613. Effects of sex and label on performance ratings, children's test scores, and examiners' verbal behavior. (PubMed)

examiners were randomly assigned one child from each of the four expectancy conditions. After hearing a description (labeled or nonlabeled) of the child's developmental status, each examiner administered the Animal House and Block Design subtests of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence to their respective child. Directions for administering the subtests were modified by encouraging the examiner to prompt the child verbally when necessary. The examiner rated the child's overall

1984 American journal of mental deficiency

1614. Randomized Study of Intensive One-on-one Behavioral Treatment for Preschool Aged Children With Autism

, involved 3+ months of individualized training for parents on applied behavior analysis intervention Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence, 3rd ed. [ Time Frame: yearly for up to 4 years ] IQ Bayley Scales of Infant Development [ Time Frame: yearly for up to 4 years ] Alternate cognitive test administered to participants who did not achieve basal on WPPSI-III Secondary Outcome Measures : Merrill-Palmer Scale of Mental Tests [ Time Frame (...) : yearly for up to 4 years ] Nonverbal cognitive skills Reynell Developmental Language Scales [ Time Frame: yearly for up to 4 years ] Language comprehension and expressive language Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales - Survey Edition [ Time Frame: yearly for up to 4 years ] Parent interview on child's adaptive functioning Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family

1999 Clinical Trials

1615. Developmental Phenomenology of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Tourette Syndrome in Children and Adolescents

-II), Yale Best Estimate of Diagnoses Schedule (Y-BEDS), Natural History Evaluation, Yale Natural History Questionnaire (YHNQ), Social Readjustment Scale for Children, Neuropsychologic Assessment, Delayed Response Tasks, Continuous Performance Task, Continuous Recognition Memory, Selective Reminding Procedures, Card Sorting Tasks, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, Digit Span, Digit Symbol and Mazes Paced Auditory, Serial Addition Task, Purdue Pegboard Trail Making Tasks, Fluency (...) Tasks, Rey-Osterreith Complex Figure Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition, Physical, Neurologic, and Neurochemical Assessment Physical exam (abbreviated), Physical and Neurological Examination for Soft Signs (PANESS), 24-hour urinary cortisol and catecholamines, Family History and Family Function Assessment of family history, Assessment of Family Functioning. The estimated duration of study is 10 years. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational

1999 Clinical Trials

1616. Effect of Estrogen on Mental and Social Functioning in Girls With Turner's Syndrome

by girls with Turner's syndrome. PURPOSE: Clinical trial to study the effectiveness of long term estrogen therapy on mental and social functioning in girls who have Turner's syndrome. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Turner's Syndrome Drug: Estrogen Not Applicable Detailed Description: PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Participants are evaluated for cognitive and social function at entry and 4 years following entry. Assessments include the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, a child (...) behavior checklist, the Children's Self-Concept Scale, and visual-spatial, visual-motor, attention, memory, language, and facial recognition tasks. Patients (and parents) undergo X-chromosome analysis; brain magnetic imaging is optional. Controls are matched using school selection and telephone interviews. A study duration of 12 years is estimated. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Enrollment : 260 participants Primary Purpose: Treatment

1999 Clinical Trials

1617. Clonidine in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children

design subtests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition indicates an estimated I.Q > 70. Informed consent/assent signed. We will not enroll any child who does not want to participate. The designated school for each subject agrees to participate in the study by completing all required questionnaires and following all specified procedures. The child must be able to swallow the tablets and capsules used in this study. Exclusion Criteria: Subjects with tic disorder of any type (...) : Efficacy outcome was change in score on the Conners Abbreviated Symptom Questionnaire for Teachers (ASQ-T) [ Time Frame: at 16 weeks ] Secondary Outcome Measures : the ASQ-Parent (ASQ-P) and Child Global Assessment Scales (C-GAS). Adverse events were monitored using AE logs, the Pittsburgh Side Effects Rating Scale, vital signs and electrocardiograms [ Time Frame: at 16 weeks ] Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine Choosing to participate in a study

2002 Clinical Trials

1618. Neurocognitive Function in Snoring Children

functions were subsequently evaluated employing the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III, the Conners' Continuous Performance Test, and the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery test. Multivariate regression and analyses of variance allowed for determination of aspects of neurocognitive function and behavior that were vulnerable to OSAS in general, and to each of OSAS components in particular. The study also tested the hypothesis that children with ADHD may have increased (...) prevalence of snoring and OSAS. Children with this diagnosis were initially confirmed as having ADHD using the revised Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents, the Conners' Parent Rating Scale, and the Child Behavior Checklist. ADHD children then underwent polysomnographic evaluation as well as extensive evaluation of neurocognitive function and behavior as above. The prevalence of snoring and OSAS were then calculated. The study was extended through June 2007 to test the hypothesis that SDB

2000 Clinical Trials

1619. Long term outcome of prophylaxis for febrile convulsions. (PubMed)

), body weight (58.2 v 57.2 kg), height (168.2 v 167.7 cm), and head circumference (55.9 v 56.2 cm). The occurrence of epilepsy (0.7% v 0.8%), neurological examination, fine and gross motor development on the Stott motor test, intellectual performance on the Wechsler intelligence scale for children verbal IQ (105 v 105), performance IQ (114 v 111), and full scale IQ (110 v 108), cognitive abilities on a neuropsychological test battery, including short and long term, auditory and visual memory

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1996 Archives of disease in childhood

1620. Valproic acid treatment of learning disorder and severely epileptiform EEG without clinical seizures. (PubMed)

endpoints were the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised Coding sub-test and a handwriting sample. Behavior was monitored using teacher's and parent's Conners questionnaires. His score on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised Coding subtest was significantly improved while he was taking valproic acid (P = .03). His electroencephalogram improved from a pretreatment recording of 28 spike discharges per minute to a normal recording while on valproic acid. We conclude

1996 Journal of child neurology

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