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Wechsler Intelligence Scale

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1561. General measures of cognition for the preschool child. (Abstract)

for the preschool-age child, are reviewed. These specific tests include the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 2nd edition, the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, 2nd edition, the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, 3rd edition, the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, 5th edition, and the Differential Abilities Scales. The following is provided for these cognitive instruments: a description of the test procedures, information on scoring systems, highlights of the technical qualities

2005 Mental Retardation and Developmental disabilities Research Reviews

1562. Phenotypic variation and FMRP levels in fragile X. (Abstract)

and in females between these levels and the full-scale intelligence quotient (FSIQ), verbal and performance IQ, and some Wechsler subtest scores. The published results based on data from 144 extended families with fragile X, recruited from Australia and the United States within a collaborative NIH-supported project, were obtained using robust modification of maximum likelihood in pedigrees. The results indicated that processing speed, short-term memory, and the ability to control attention, especially (...) Phenotypic variation and FMRP levels in fragile X. Data on the relationships between cognitive and physical phenotypes, and a deficit of fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene-specific protein product, FMRP, are presented and discussed in context with earlier findings. The previously unpublished results obtained, using standard procedures of regression and correlations, showed highly significant associations in males between FMRP levels and the Wechsler summary and subtest scores

2004 Mental Retardation and Developmental disabilities Research Reviews

1563. Neuropsychological and psychosocial function in children with a history of snoring or behavioral sleep problems. (Abstract)

of children were categorized into groups: Snorers (n = 11), BSP (n = 13), Snorers+BSP (n = 9), and controls (n = 31). Children underwent psychological (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Children's Memory Scale; Test of Everyday Attention and Auditory Continuous Performance Test) and psychosocial assessment (Child Behavior Checklist).With analysis of variance, it was revealed that, compared with children in the BSP and control groups, those in the Snorers+BSP and Snorers groups showed reduced (...) Neuropsychological and psychosocial function in children with a history of snoring or behavioral sleep problems. To compare neuropsychological and psychosocial function in children with a history of snoring, children with a history of behavioral sleep problems (BSP), children with both a history of snoring and BSP, and a group of control subjects.Families awaiting consultation for "sick" visits in 5 general practice clinics completed the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children. A subset

2005 Journal of Pediatrics

1564. Visual and cerebral sequelae of very low birth weight in adolescents. Full Text available with Trip Pro

difficulties. The intellectual level was assessed with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC). All VLBW adolescents underwent MRI of the brain.Significant differences were found between the VLBW adolescents and controls regarding visual acuity (median -0.11 and -0.2, respectively; p=0.004), stereo acuity (median 60'' and 30'', respectively; p<0.001), prevalence of astigmatism (11/58 and 0/55, respectively; p<0.001) and in full-scale IQ (mean IQ 85 and 97, respectively; p<0.001) and performance

2007 Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

1565. Periventricular leukomalacia and retinopathy in a term infant born to a mother with asthma. (Abstract)

throughout the pregnancy, she was treated with intravenous or oral cortisone for 6.5 weeks from 28+5 GWs. In addition she developed deep venous thrombosis at 29 GWs and was treated with heparin until delivery. Psychotic symptoms during the 31st GW were treated with diazepam, haloperidol, and levomepromazin. Functional sequelae for the child were visual impairment (visual acuity 5/60), uneven intellectual profile (Wechsler Pre-school and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Verbal IQ 94 and Performance IQ 32

2006 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

1566. Neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants with ventricular dilatation with and without associated haemorrhage. (Abstract)

(n=616; 286 females, 330 males), or with VD with (n=66; 32 females, 34 males) or without (n=17; 4 females, 13 males) GMH-IVH were enrolled in the study. At age 8 years outcome was assessed in 567 (81%) of the 699 children by neurological examination, the Test of Motor Impairment (TOMI), the test of Visuo-Motor Integration (VMI), and the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children. Results showed that the proportion of children with disabling impairments was higher in the group with VD and GMH-IVH

2006 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

1567. Naming skills of children born preterm in comparison with their term peers at the ages of 9 and 16 years. (Abstract)

Naming skills of children born preterm in comparison with their term peers at the ages of 9 and 16 years. The linguistic abilities of children born preterm at 32 weeks' gestation or earlier at Kuopio University Hospital during 1984 to 1986 were evaluated during successive phases of a prospective study. The study protocol included the Rapid Automatic Naming test and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Revised at 9 years of age and a modified Stroop Color-Word test and the Wechsler (...) Intelligence Scale - Revised at the age of 16 years. Fifty-one children born preterm (26 males, 25 females) and 51 age-matched and sex-matched term controls (26 males, 25 females) were studied at the age of 9 years. At the age of 16 years, 40 children born preterm (19 males, 21 females) and 31 term controls (14 males, 17 females) participated in the study. The children born preterm scored significantly lower in two naming tasks than the controls at the age of 9 years. However, there was no difference

2006 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

1568. Manic symptoms and behavioral dysregulation in youth with velocardiofacial syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome). Full Text available with Trip Pro

whether children with VCFS exhibit more manic symptoms than community controls that also may have learning disorders and ADHD. The study population consisted of 86 children with VCFS and 36 community controls from ages 9 to 15 years, using measures of Young Mania Rating Scale-Parent Version, Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL), Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-3rd edition (WISC

2007 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology

1569. Effect of high maternal blood phenylalanine on offspring congenital anomalies and developmental outcome at ages 4 and 6 years: the importance of strict dietary control preconception and throughout pregnancy. (Abstract)

) on developmental outcome at 4 and 6 years of age.Women with blood Phe levels >240 micromol/L (n=526; to convert micromol/L to mg/dL, divide by 60) were enrolled; 382 contributed 572 pregnancies. The women had 413 offspring examined at birth and annually. At 4 years, the McCarthy General Cognitive Index was administered, and at 6 years, the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Revised was administered.Microcephaly was noted in 137 (33%) of the offspring, and 32 (7.7%) had CHD. Maternal blood Phe levels were (...) higher for infants with CHD and MICRO than for infants with CHD only (P=.02). Mean Phe levels at 4 to 8 weeks gestation predicted CHD (P<.0001). The McCarthy General Cognitive Index score was lower with CHD (P=.005) and MICRO (P=.0017), as was the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Revised full-scale IQ score (P=.0002 for CHD and P=.0001 for MICRO). None of the subjects who had offspring with CHD had Phe control between 120 and 360 micromol/L during the first 8 to 10 weeks of gestation.Women

2004 Journal of Pediatrics

1570. Neuropsychological outcome of infant heart transplant recipients. (Abstract)

included the following: Wechsler Scales of Intelligence, Wechsler Individual Achievement Test, Berry Visual Motor Integration Scale, Comprehensive Evaluation of Language Function, and Achenbach Child Behavioral Checklist.Intellectual functioning scores revealed a mean full-scale IQ of 81 +/- 19. Intraoperative and postoperative variables (bypass time, hospital course, and lowest posttransplant pH), long-term medical complications (serious infections and posttransplant surgical procedures

2004 Journal of Pediatrics

1571. Sleep-disordered breathing symptoms are associated with poorer cognitive function in 5-year-old children. (Abstract)

% of children. Standardized neurocognitive tests were administered by a trained psychometrist unaware of the children's SDB status. Children with (n=61) and without SDB symptoms were compared using analysis of variance to adjust for demographic and respiratory health variables.Children with SDB symptoms scored significantly lower than those without SDB symptoms on tests of executive function (95.5 vs 99.9 on NEPSY Attention/Executive Core Domain, P=.02; 10.4 vs 11.2 on Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale (...) of Intelligence, Revised [WPPSI-R] Animal Pegs test, P=.03), memory (96.8 vs 103.0 on NEPSY Memory Domain, P=.02), and general intellectual ability (105.9 vs 111.7 on WPPSI-R Full Scale IQ, P=.02). There were no significant differences on a computerized continuous performance task. These findings persisted when children with PSG evidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were excluded from analysis.Even in the absence of OSA, SDB symptoms are associated with poorer executive function and memory skills

2004 Journal of Pediatrics

1572. Sleep-disordered breathing in Prader-Willi syndrome and its association with neurobehavioral abnormalities. (Abstract)

of behavior and cognition (Development Behavior Checklist [DBC], Auditory Continuous Performance Test [ACPT], and Wechsler Intelligence Scale appropriate for age).Nine of 13 (69%) subjects had > 10 apneas and hypopneas per hour of sleep. Apart from a 2-year-old subject with normal body weight who demonstrated severe central hypopnea in rapid eye movement sleep, the sleep-breathing disturbance was due to upper airway obstruction. Age-adjusted body mass index was associated with more severe hypoxemia during

2005 Journal of Pediatrics

1573. Neonatal hydrocortisone treatment: neurodevelopmental outcome and MRI at school age in preterm-born children. (Abstract)

Neonatal hydrocortisone treatment: neurodevelopmental outcome and MRI at school age in preterm-born children. To investigate neurodevelopment at school age in preterm infants treated with hydrocortisone for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in the neonatal period.Preterm infants (n = 226; gestational age < or = 32 weeks and/or body weight < or = 1500 grams) performed subtests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, the Visual Motor Integration test, a 15-Word Memory Test (...) and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children at school age. Conventional MRI of the brain was obtained. Sixty-two children who received hydrocortisone for BPD (starting dose, 5 mg/kg/day; median duration, 27.5 days) were compared with 164 nontreated neonates.Hydrocortisone-treated infants were younger, lighter, and sicker than their non-steroid-treated counterparts. Adjustments for gestational age, body weight, sex, mechanical ventilation, and small for gestational age were made. Adjusted mean Intelligence

2007 Journal of Pediatrics

1574. Neuropsychological performance in school-aged children with surgically corrected congenital heart disease. (Abstract)

with an abbreviated intelligence scale (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-3rd edition, Dutch version) and a developmental neuropsychological assessment battery (NEPSY [a developmental NEuroPSYchological assessment]).We identified significantly lower scores for the CHD group on Estimated Full Scale IQ (P < .01). Neuropsychological assessment revealed lower scores for the CHD group on the cognitive domains of Sensorimotor Functioning (P < .001), Language (P < .001), Attention and Executive Functioning (P

2007 Journal of Pediatrics

1575. Effects of stunting, diarrhoeal disease, and parasitic infection during infancy on cognition in late childhood: a follow-up study. (Abstract)

status. At 9 years of age, we assessed cognitive function in 143 (69%) with the full-scale intelligence quotient of the Wechsler intelligence scale for children-revised (WISC-R). Findings All findings were adjusted for socioeconomic status and schooling; in addition, findings related to diarrhoea prevalence, Giardia lamblia, and Cryptosporidium parvum were adjusted for severe stunting. During the first 2 years of life, 46 (32%) of 143 children were stunted. Children with severe stunting in the second

2002 Lancet

1576. Dyslexia

. Inability to distinguish sounds or shapes on the page. Associated features include poor spelling and handwriting, and mathematical difficulties. Assessment Assessment is usually carried out by an educational psychologist following a referral from a parent or teacher. Standardised measures, such as the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, are used to assess general intellectual ability. More specific tools (eg, the Dyslexia Early Screening Test for testing early years, the Dyslexia Screening Test (...) with grammatical aspects of reading. Epidemiology [ ] Dyslexia affects all kinds of people regardless of intelligence, race or social class. Prevalence estimates depend on definition but is estimated to be between 5% and 17% of school-aged children. [ ] Adult dyslexia affects about 4% of the population. [ ] There is a relatively small but significant male predominance. However boys with dyslexia come to clinical attention more often than girls because of higher rates of comorbid disorders, including attention

2008 Mentor

1577. Effects of sex and label on performance ratings, children's test scores, and examiners' verbal behavior. (Abstract)

examiners were randomly assigned one child from each of the four expectancy conditions. After hearing a description (labeled or nonlabeled) of the child's developmental status, each examiner administered the Animal House and Block Design subtests of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence to their respective child. Directions for administering the subtests were modified by encouraging the examiner to prompt the child verbally when necessary. The examiner rated the child's overall

1984 American journal of mental deficiency

1578. The use of bromocriptine for the treatment of attention deficit disorder in two chemically dependent patients. (Abstract)

, double-blind research design is used to evaluate the efficacy of bromocriptine, as measured by scale 9 of the MMPI, the digit span and digit symbol tests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale-Revised, and the signaling to numbers test. Statistical analysis of the results revealed an equivocal response to bromocriptine.

1989 Journal of psychoactive drugs

1579. Neuropsychological functions in the follow-up of transient global amnesia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuropsychological functions in the follow-up of transient global amnesia. 4031918 1985 10 07 2018 11 13 0022-3050 48 7 1985 Jul Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry Neuropsychological functions in the follow-up of transient global amnesia. 713 Matias-Guiu J J Codina A A eng Letter England J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2985191R 0022-3050 IM Amnesia psychology Follow-Up Studies Humans Intelligence Memory, Short-Term Middle Aged Wechsler Scales 1985

1985 Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

1580. A preliminary study of the comparative effects of olanzapine and fluphenazine on cognition in schizophrenic patients. (Abstract)

of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, the Stroop Neuropsychological Screening Test and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test were performed. Olanzapine treatment proved to have a beneficial effect on digit-symbol performance and some aspects of executive function. In comparison to the fluphenazine treatment, the olanzapine treatment only showed a beneficial effect in increased percentage of conceptual level responses. Although the results are preliminary, they could implicate that the benefit of olanzapine

2002 Human psychopharmacology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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