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Wechsler Intelligence Scale

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1501. Cognitive impairment in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. (Abstract)

on the orientation subtest of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale and on the general memory and delayed recall subtests of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R), and significantly lower on the attention/concentration subtest of the WMS-R and on the digit span, arithmetic, block design and digit symbol substitution subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised. The impairment of frontal lobe functions is disproportionately severe and memory impairment is disproportionately mild in patients

2006 Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders

1502. Feasibility of neuropsychological assessment in leukaemia patients shortly after diagnosis: directions for future prospective research. Full Text available with Trip Pro

' assessment.Mean scores on Wechsler Intelligence Scales did not differ significantly between patients and siblings; mean IQ scores for both the patients and the controls were high average. To examine specific neuropsychological functions, norm scores based on the exact age were acquired by fitting procedures, but no significant differences were found.Neuropsychological assessment of patients during early hospitalisation is feasible. The results indicate no adverse effect of illness and psychological factors (...) study. Treatment would include intrathecal and systemic chemotherapy according to the DCLSG ALL-9 protocol. Children were evaluated with an extensive neuropsychological battery including measures of intelligence, memory, attention, language, visual-constructive function, and fine-motor abilities within two weeks after start of the chemotherapy. The control group consisted of 29 healthy siblings (median age at testing 8.2 years, range 4-12), who were tested <4 weeks after the patients

2005 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1503. Executive functioning in children and adolescents with phenylketonuria. (Abstract)

-Kaplan EF Battery and on the Wechsler Abbreviated Scales of Intelligence to examine the relationship between EF skills, phe levels, age, and dietary adherence. At the time of the assessment, the mean age of participants was 14.8 years, mean lifetime phe levels ranged from 216 to 1200 microM (mean 594 microM); and concurrent phe levels ranged from 222 to 1730 microM (mean 660 microM). Children and adolescents with PKU showed lower performance in several EF skills: initiation of problem solving

2007 Clinical Genetics

1504. Abnormal cognitive function in treated congenital hypopituitarism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Abnormal cognitive function in treated congenital hypopituitarism. To assess cognitive function in school age children with congenital pituitary hormone deficiency (PHD).Ten children with PHD (aged 6.0-15.6 years, mean 11.5 years) and sibling controls (aged 8.7-14.9 years, mean 12.1 years) were assessed using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III UK).The patients' full scale IQ scores were all below average (mean 75, 95% CI 70-80), but were not significantly different to those

2004 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1505. Return to school after brain injury. Full Text available with Trip Pro

performance, the Children's Memory Scale (CMS), the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-third edition UK (WISC-III) and the Weschler Objective Reading Dimensions (WORD).One third of teachers were unaware of the TBI. On return to school, special arrangements were made for 18 children (27%). Special educational needs were identified for 16 (24%), but only six children (9%) received specialist help. Two thirds of children with TBI had difficulties with school work, half had attention/concentration (...) problems and 26 (39%) had memory problems. Compared to other pupils in the class, one third of children with TBI were performing below average. On the CMS, one third of the severe group were impaired/borderline for immediate and delayed recall of verbal material, and over one quarter were impaired/borderline for general memory. Children in the severe group had a mean full-scale IQ significantly lower than controls. Half the TBI group had a reading age > or =1 year below their chronological age, one

2004 Archives of Disease in Childhood

1506. Association between physiological serum concentration of estrogen and the mental health of community-dwelling postmenopausal women age 70 years and over. (Abstract)

Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI and BAI) and the SF-36 Health Survey. Cognitive abilities were assessed with the cognitive subsection of the CAMDEX (CAMCOG), the Word Lists subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale, and the Block Design and Verbal Fluency subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Estradiol- and estrone-sensitive immunoassays were used to measure serum estradiol and estrone.Women in the lowest 50th percentile of serum estradiol were more likely than women in the highest 50th

2005 The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

1507. Intellectual efficiency of children with unilateral hearing loss. (Abstract)

Intellectual efficiency of children with unilateral hearing loss. The aim of our study was to observe the consequences of unilateral hearing loss with regard to intellectual functioning and development of children.The studies were conducted on the group of 64 children (42 boys and 22 girls) aged 6-16 years with left- or right-sided hearing loss using D. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC).Children with right-sided hearing loss had a limited range of concepts, lower capability (...) of learning verbal material and logical reasoning, abstract thinking and classifying. Left-sided hearing loss caused deterioration of intellectual abilities within non-verbal intelligence. Such a children had poorer abilities for analyzing, synthesizing and visual memory, worse spatial imagination and visual coordination.The examined children with unilateral hearing loss achieved the intelligence quotient on the average level in D. Wechsler Intelligence Scale. The side of hearing loss has a significant

2006 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

1508. Psychological follow-up study of 5-year-old ICSI children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

included the Wechsler Preschool and Primary scales of intelligence (WPPSI-R), Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, Parenting Stress Index and Child Behaviour Checklist.Regarding cognitive development, no significant differences were found on WPPSI-R verbal and performance scales between ICSI and SC children. However, some differences were noted on subtests of the Performance Scale. ICSI children more often obtained a score below 1 SD of the mean on the subtests: Object Assembly, Block Design and Mazes

2004 Human Reproduction

1509. Paternal sperm concentration and growth and cognitive development in children born with a gestational age more than 32 weeks after assisted reproductive therapy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

) < 20 x 10(6)/ml and (2) > or = 20 x 10(6)/ml. Growth parameters at birth and age 5 were evaluated. Cognitive development was assessed with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised.No significant difference was found for gestational age, birth weight and birth weight standard deviation scores (SDS) between the ICSI and IVF sperm groups. No significant difference in height and weight at age 5 or SDS weight or height or BMIs at age 5 was found. There was no significant (...) difference in total intelligence quotient (IQ)--performance or verbal IQ--between the groups.We found no indication that growth and cognitive development in ICSI and IVF children differed depending on paternal sperm concentration.

2006 Human Reproduction

1510. Cognitive and motor development of 8-year-old children born after ICSI compared to spontaneously conceived children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

born after spontaneous conception (SC). Part of this population was seen in a cohort at the age 5 years. Outcome measures include Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) and Movement Assessment Battery for Children (ABC).Regarding intellectual functioning, ICSI children tend to obtain significantly higher total (P < 0.01), verbal (P < 0.01) and performance (P < 0.05) intelligence scores than SC children, nevertheless remaining in similar ranges. These effects are small (Cohen's d (...) Cognitive and motor development of 8-year-old children born after ICSI compared to spontaneously conceived children. As a continuation of two large-scale, multicentre studies on the development of 5-year-old ICSI children, we present results of the follow-up study undertaken on the cognitive and motor development of 8-year-old ICSI children.Developmental outcomes of 151 8-year-old singletons born through ICSI after 32 weeks of gestation were compared with those of 153 singletons of the same age

2006 Human Reproduction

1511. Pesticide exposure and stunting as independent predictors of neurobehavioral deficits in Ecuadorian school children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

for clinical examinations. In addition to a thorough physical examination, we administered simple reaction time, Santa Ana dexterity test, Stanford-Binet copying, and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised Digit Spans forward. Maternal interview included detailed assessment of occupational history to determine pesticide exposure during pregnancy. Recent and current pesticide exposure was assessed by erythrocyte acetylcholine esterase activity and urinary excretion of organophosphate

2006 Pediatrics

1512. A behavioral and cognitive profile of clinically stable HIV-infected children. (Abstract)

investigated.The most common behavioral problems, as measured by the Conners' Parent Rating Scale, were psychosomatic (28%), learning (25%), hyperactivity (20%), impulsive-hyperactive (19%), conduct (16%), and anxiety (8%) problems. Mean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III scores were less than established population norms; the mean verbal IQ was 85, the mean performance IQ was 90, and the mean full-scale score was 86. Hyperactivity was more frequent in children with a Wechsler Intelligence Scale

2006 Pediatrics

1513. Self-regulation of slow cortical potentials: a new treatment for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intelligence Scale for Children and with a computerized test battery that measures several components of attention. All changes proved to be stable at 6 months' follow-up after the end of training. Clinical outcome was predicted by the ability to produce negative potential shifts in transfer sessions without feedback.According to the guidelines of the efficacy of treatments, the evidence of the efficacy of slow cortical potential feedback found in this study reaches level 2: "possibly efficacious (...) are reported. Measurement before and after the trials showed that children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder learn to regulate negative slow cortical potentials. After training, significant improvement in behavior, attention, and IQ score was observed. The behavior ratings included Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria, number of problems, and social behavior at school and were conducted by parents and teachers. The cognitive variables were assessed with the Wechsler

2006 Pediatrics

1514. The clinical spectrum of developmental language impairment in school-aged children: language, cognitive, and motor findings. (Abstract)

of Language Fundamentals-4, Peabody Picture Vocabulary-3, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation-2), nonverbal cognitive assessment (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV), and motor assessment (Movement Assessment Battery for Children). Exclusion criteria were nonverbal IQ below the 5th percentile or an acquired language, hearing, autistic spectrum, or neurologic disorder.Eleven children with developmental language impairment (7:4 boys/girls; mean age: 10.1 +/- 0.8 years) and 12 controls (5:7 boys (...) Intelligence Scale for Children-IV--developmental language impairment: 99.5 +/- 15.5; controls: 113.5 +/- 11.9), and motor measures (Movement Assessment Battery for Children percentile--developmental language impairment: 12.7 +/- 16.7; controls: 66.1 +/- 30.6) and greater discrepancies between cognitive and language scores (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV/Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-4--developmental language impairment: 17.8 +/- 17.8; controls: 1.2 +/- 12.7). Motor impairment

2006 Pediatrics

1515. Increased cerebral blood flow velocity in children with mild sleep-disordered breathing: a possible association with abnormal neuropsychological function. Full Text available with Trip Pro

), Neuropsychological Test Battery for Children (NEPSY) visual attention and visuomotor integration, and IQ assessment (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence Version III). Transcranial Doppler was performed using a TL2-64b 2-MHz pulsed Doppler device between 2 pm and 7 pm in all of the patients and the majority of controls while awake. Time-averaged mean of the maximal cerebral blood flow velocities was measured in the left and right middle cerebral artery and the higher used for analysis.Twenty-one

2006 Pediatrics

1516. International collaborative study of intracytoplasmic sperm injection-conceived, in vitro fertilization-conceived, and naturally conceived 5-year-old child outcomes: cognitive and motor assessments. Full Text available with Trip Pro

-conceived children.A total of 511 ICSI-conceived children were compared with 424 IVF-conceived children and 488 NC controls. Children were recruited in 5 European countries, ie, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Participation rates ranged from 45% to 96% in the ICSI and IVF groups and from 34% to 78% in the NC group. Cognitive and motor development was assessed with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised (WPPSI-R) and McCarthy Scales of Children's (...) Abilities (MSCA) Motor Scale, respectively. The WPPSI-R consists of 2 major scales, ie, Verbal and Performance, each including 6 subtests. The 6 Performance Scale subtests are object assembly, geometric design, block design, mazes, picture completion, and animal pegs. The 6 Verbal Scale subtests are information, comprehension, arithmetic, vocabulary, similarities, and sentences. Scores on the Performance and Verbal Scale subtests are summed to yield the performance IQ (PIQ) and verbal IQ (VIQ

2005 Pediatrics

1517. Neurodevelopmental outcome at 5 years of age of a national cohort of extremely low birth weight infants who were born in 1996-1997. (Abstract)

ELBW infant cohort.Of all live-born ELBW infants (n = 351) who were delivered in the 2-year period 1996-1997 in Finland, 206 (59%) survived until the age of 5 years. Of these, 103 were born at < 27 gestational weeks (GW). A total of 172 children were assessed with neurocognitive tests (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised and a Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment [NEPSY]). Nine children with cognitive impairment and inability to cooperate in testing were not assessed (...) . Motor development was assessed with a modified Touwen test.The rate of cognitive impairment in the ELBW survivors was 9%. The rate of cerebral palsy was 14% (19% of ELBW infants who were born at < 27 GW). The mean full-scale IQ of the assessed children was 96 +/- 19 and in children of GW < 27 was 94 +/- 19. Attention, language, sensorimotor, visuospatial, and verbal memory values of NEPSY assessment were significantly poorer compared with normal population means. Four percent needed a hearing aid

2005 Pediatrics

1518. Relationship of surgical approach to neurodevelopmental outcomes in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

was undertaken between July 2003 and September 2004. Four centers enrolled 48 subjects, of whom 47 completed neuropsychologic testing. Twenty-six subjects (55%) had undergone the Norwood procedure and 21 (45%) had undergone transplantation, with an intention-to-treat analysis. The mean age at testing was 12.4 +/- 2.5 years. Evaluations included the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals, Wechsler Individual Achievement Test, and Beery-Buktenica Developmental (...) Test of Visual-Motor Integration.The mean neurocognitive test results were significantly below population normative values. The mean full-scale IQ for the entire cohort was 86 +/- 14. In a multivariate model, there was no association of surgical strategy with any measure of developmental outcome. A longer hospital stay, however, was associated significantly with lower verbal, performance, and full-scale IQ scores. Aortic valve atresia was associated with lower math achievement test

2006 Pediatrics

1519. Impact of visual impairment on measures of cognitive function for children with congenital toxoplasmosis: implications for compensatory intervention strategies. (Abstract)

as part of a longitudinal study to determine outcome of congenital toxoplasmosis. Children were evaluated at 3.5 or 5 (37 children) or both 3.5 and 5 (27 children) years of age. Cognitive function was measured using the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised. Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised scale scores were compared for children grouped as those children who had normal visual acuity in their best eye (group 1), and those who had impaired vision (...) from the last analysis are reported here.There were 48 children with normal visual acuity in their best eye (group 1) and 16 children with impaired vision because of macular involvement in their best eye (group 2). Ethnicity and socioeconomic scores were similar. There was a significantly greater proportion of males in group 2 compared with group 1 (81% vs 46%). There was no significant diminution in Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised test scores between 3.5 and 5 years

2006 Pediatrics

1520. Early childhood computer experience and cognitive and motor development. (Abstract)

, Third Edition Preschool; the Test of Gross Motor Development, Second Edition; and a short form of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence-Revised. Information pertaining to family characteristics and children's early computer experience was collected from parents. Both bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess the association between early computer experience and cognitive and motor development.Of the participating children, 53% had a computer at home. Among families

2004 Pediatrics

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