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Wechsler Intelligence Scale

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122. Effects of Tai Chi Chuan on cognition of elderly women with mild cognitive impairment. (PubMed)

Effects of Tai Chi Chuan on cognition of elderly women with mild cognitive impairment. To detect the effects of Tai Chi Chuan practice on the cognition of elderly subjects with Mild Cognitive Impairment.This is a pilot study with 26 elderly patients (mean age of 74 years) with Mild Cognitive Impairment. The evaluation instruments were Subjective Memory Complaint Scale (SMC), Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT) and Digit Span Forward and Backward (DSF and DSB) from the Wechsler Adult (...) Intelligence Scale (WAIS). One group of 13 patients received two weekly 60-minute classes of Tai Chi Chuan (Yang style) for 6 consecutive months, and the rest formed the Control Group. The Tai Chi Chuan Group was also evaluated as to learning of the Tai Chi Chuan practical exercises by means of a Specific Learning Test applied after three months of intervention.After six months of intervention, the TCC Group showed significant improvement on the RBMT and the SMC (p = 0.007 and p = 0.023, respectively

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2016 Einstein (Sao Paulo, Brazil)

123. Socioeconomic disparities and sexual dimorphism in neurotoxic effects of ambient fine particles on youth IQ: A longitudinal analysis. (PubMed)

pre-/early- adolescence (ages 9-11) and emerging adulthood (ages 18-20) in a demographically-diverse population (N = 1,360) residing in Southern California. Increased ambient PM2.5 levels were associated with decreased IQ scores. This association was more evident for Performance IQ (PIQ), but less for Verbal IQ, assessed by the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence. For each inter-quartile (7.73 μg/m3) increase in one-year PM2.5 preceding each assessment, the average PIQ score decreased (...) Socioeconomic disparities and sexual dimorphism in neurotoxic effects of ambient fine particles on youth IQ: A longitudinal analysis. Mounting evidence indicates that early-life exposure to particulate air pollutants pose threats to children's cognitive development, but studies about the neurotoxic effects associated with exposures during adolescence remain unclear. We examined whether exposure to ambient fine particles (PM2.5) at residential locations affects intelligence quotient (IQ) during

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2017 PLoS ONE

124. Subclinical hypothyroidism in the infertile female population: a guideline

Intelligence Scale for Children, 3rd Edition (P¼.06). Children of women with untreated hypothyroidism scored 7 points lower in full-scale IQ testing compared with normal controls (P¼.005). Furthermore, 19% of children born to women with untreated hypothyroid had IQ scores below 85, compared with 5% in the euthyroid controls. In this study the average TSH value was 13.2 mIU/L, and the free thyroxine was below the reference range at 0.71 ng/dL. Another large, observational study reported similar results (37 (...) ). TherearefewstudiesevaluatingtheriskofSCHandother pregnancy complications (23, 34). One study found a signi?cantly higher rate of fetal deaths in the 2.2% of 9,403 women who had TSH levels R6 mIU/L compared with women whose TSH was 8mIU/L)and15womenwithvalues fromthe98to99.6percentiles(allTSHvalues>5mIU/L)and comparedthesewomento124matchedcontrolswithnormal values.Comparedwithchildrenbornofeuthyroidwomen,7- to 9-year-old children born of women with serum TSH levels at or above the 98th percentile performed 4 points lower on the Wechsler

2015 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

125. Nonpharmacological Versus Pharmacological Treatments for Adult Patients With Major Depressive Disorder

outcome measure of choice was the rate of response on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), defined as at least a 50-percent improvement of ES-6 scores from baseline. We included all placebo- and active-controlled RCTs detected through our searches that were homogeneous in study populations and outcome assessments and were part of a connected network. We employed a hierarchical frequentist approach using random-effects models. 12,13 Strength of the Body of Evidence We graded the strength

2015 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

127. Phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency: diagnosis and management guideline

8 . W echsler D. Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Third Edition (WPPSI-III). Pearson Publishing: San Antonio, TX; 2002. 99. W echsler D. Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence – 2nd edition (WASI-II). Pearson Publishing: San Antonio, TX; 2011. 1 0 0 . Gioia GA, Peter K, Guy S, Kenworthy L. Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF). P AR: Lutz, FL; 2000. 1 0 1 . Kamphaus R W . The Behavioral Assessment System for Children - Second edition. American (...) • Achievement of mater nal PHE levels 6 years W echsler Abbr eviated Scale of Intelligence—Second Edition (W ASI-II) 99 As clinically indicated Executive functioning >3 years Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF) 100 ; sel f (age 11 and above), par ent, and teacher r eport At least every 2–3 years or as clinically indicated Behavioral/ emotional 3–18 years Behavioral Assessment Scale for Childr en—Second Edition (BASC-2) 101 ; sel f (age 8 and above), par ent, and teacher r eport

2014 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics

128. Prevalence, clinical correlates and IQ of suicidal ideation in drug naïve Chinese Han patients with major depressive disorder. (PubMed)

(PIQ) and full-scale IQ (FIQ) scores were measured using the Chinese version of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Ⅲ (WAIS-Ⅲ). We categorized patients with SI based on a cut-off score of ≥3 on HAMD item 3.An estimated prevalence 32.8% (160/488) of drug-naïve MDD patients experienced SI during the current episode of illness. Patients with SI were more likely to be divorced (x2 = 6.93, p = 0.031), male (x2 = 6.04, p = 0.014), had higher severity of depression and anxiety symptoms (t = -8.14, p  (...) Prevalence, clinical correlates and IQ of suicidal ideation in drug naïve Chinese Han patients with major depressive disorder. Suicidal ideation (SI) is a common and serious clinical concern in people with major depressive disorder (MDD). Inconsistent evidence suggests that individuals with SI may have a lower measured intelligence quotient (IQ) than those without SI. The aims of this study were to examine SI prevalence and its associations with demographic, clinical variables and IQ in Chinese

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

129. The effect of Atlantic salmon consumption on the cognitive performance of preschool children - A randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We tested the hypothesis that an increased dietary salmon intake results in better cognitive outcomes than a meat based diet.Children (n = 205, age 4-6 years) in this trial were individually randomized to eating meals containing farmed Atlantic salmon or meat three times weekly for 16 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention a cognitive test (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, 3rd edition, WPPSI-III) and a fine-motor (...) group (p < 0.001). In general linear models no significant differences between the intervention groups were found in the scale scores of the WPPSI-III tests and the 9-HPT. In analyses of the raw scores, the salmon group showed significantly better improvement in two of the eight raw scores compared to the meat group (symbol search p = 0.038, picture concepts p = 0.047).Intake of farmed Atlantic salmon led to a greater increase of the raw scores of the picture concept and symbol search subtests

2018 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

130. Effect of iodine supplementation in pregnant women on child neurodevelopment: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. (PubMed)

in Bangalore, India, and Bangkok, Thailand, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive 200 μg iodine orally once a day or placebo until delivery. Randomisation was done with a computer-generated sequence and stratified by site. Co-primary outcomes were verbal and performance IQ scores on the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence Third Edition (WPPSI-III) and the global executive composite score from the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool Version (BRIEF-P) in the children (...) Effect of iodine supplementation in pregnant women on child neurodevelopment: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Iodine deficiency during pregnancy might be associated with reduced intelligence quotient (IQ) score in offspring. We assessed the effect of iodine supplementation in mildly iodine-deficient pregnant women on neurodevelopment of their offspring in areas where schoolchildren were iodine sufficient.In this randomised, placebo-controlled trial, pregnant women

2018 The lancet. Diabetes & endocrinology

131. Chronic administration of ellagic acid improved the cognition in middle-aged overweight men. (PubMed)

. Additionally, ellagic acid increased plasma BDNF by 21.2% in the overweight group and showed no effects on normal-weight participants. Moreover, the increased saliva cortisol level in overweight individuals was inhibited by 22.7% in a 12-week ellagic acid treatment. Also, compared with placebo, overweight individuals who consumed ellagic acid showed enhanced cognitive function as measured by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment. To the best of our knowledge

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2018 Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme

132. Cadmium exposure and cognitive abilities and behavior at 10 years of age: A prospective cohort study. (PubMed)

), measured by ICP-MS. Cognitive abilities were assessed with Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (4th edition) and behavior with the parent-rated Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.In multivariable-adjusted models, urinary cadmium at 10 years was inversely associated with Full scale IQ and most of the sub-scales. Associations were mainly observed in boys, in whom the difference in Full scale IQ was 7.0 scores (95% CI: -11, -2.7), corresponding to 0.21 SD, when comparing those in the highest (...) cadmium exposure was associated with lower intelligence in boys, and there were indications of altered behavior in girls for both prenatal and childhood exposures. Findings are of concern as similar exposure levels are common world-wide.Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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2018 Environment international

133. Characteristics of sleep in socially vulnerable adolescents. (PubMed)

. Cognitive assessment was based on the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence and ADHD by a clinical interview the Multimodal Treatment Study for ADHD (MTA-SNAP-IV).The average duration of sleep per night were 6 h 30 m. 80% of the sample presented sleep complains. Of these, 44% had excessive daytime sleepiness and 69.6% had poor sleep quality related to use of electronic media, environmental violence, and emotional issues. There were no significant associations between sleep problems and cognitive (...) by a Catholic institution, in Porto Alegre, southern Brazil.125 male and female high school students.As first step the subjects were administered specific questionnaires, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), followed by an educational activity that was combined with an unblinded, randomized interventional study. Next, a cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the influence of cognition and ADHD on the sleep.Sleep was evaluated using PSQI and ESS

2018 European journal of paediatric neurology : EJPN : official journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society

134. Higher levels of trait emotional awareness are associated with more efficient global information integration throughout the brain: a graph-theoretic analysis of resting state functional connectivity (PubMed)

, no study has yet tested the hypothesis that higher tEA corresponds to more efficient brain-wide information exchange. Twenty-six healthy volunteers (13 females) underwent a resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging scan, and completed the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS; a measure of tEA) and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI-II; a measure of general intelligence quotient [IQ]). Using a whole-brain (functionally defined) region of interest (ROI) atlas, we computed

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2018 Social cognitive and affective neuroscience

135. Working memory deficit in drug-resistant epilepsy with an amygdala lesion (PubMed)

Working memory deficit in drug-resistant epilepsy with an amygdala lesion This study compared temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with amygdala lesion (AL) without hippocampal sclerosis (HS) (TLE-AL) with patients with TLE and HS without AL (TLE-HS). Both subtypes of TLE arose from the right hemisphere. The TLE-AL group exhibited a lower Working Memory Index (WMI) on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, third edition (WAIS-III), indicating that the amygdala in the right hemisphere

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2018 Epilepsy & behavior case reports

136. A longitudinal cohort study of soil-transmitted helminth infections during the second year of life and associations with reduced long-term cognitive and verbal abilities (PubMed)

Development-III at the one to three-year visits and with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-III at the four and five-year visits. Hierarchical multivariable linear regression models were used to account for the repeated outcome measures for each child and Bayesian latent class analysis was used to adjust for STH misclassification. Children found infected with any STH infection between one and two years of age had lower cognitive scores between two and five years of age (between group (...) years of age on subsequent cognitive and verbal abilities, in a cohort of preschool children.A longitudinal cohort study was conducted in 880 children in Iquitos, Peru between September 2011 and July 2016. Children were recruited at one year of age and followed up at 18 months and then annually between two and five years of age. STH infection was measured with the Kato-Katz technique or the direct smear technique. Child development was measured with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler

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2018 PLoS neglected tropical diseases

137. Lower cognitive test scores at age 7 in children born with marginally low birth weight. (PubMed)

marginally LBW group and compared their results to 95 normal birth weight (NBW; 2501-4500 g) controls in an observational design. At 7 years, a pediatric psychologist tested the children using Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC IV), Beery-Buktenica developmental test of Visual-Motor Integration (Beery VMI), and Test of Everyday Attention for Children (TEA-Ch).ResultsThe marginally LBW children had lower verbal comprehension intelligence quotient (IQ) (104 vs. 107, P=0.004), lower VMI scores

2018 Pediatric Research

138. Controlled Antenatal Thyroid Screening II: effect of treating maternal sub-optimal thyroid function on child cognition. (PubMed)

thyroid function (normal-GTF) mothers.One examiner, blinded to participant group, assessed children's IQ (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition UK), long-term memory, and motor function (Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment II) from children of 119 treated and 98 untreated SGTF mothers plus children of 232 mothers with normal-GTF. Logistic regression explored the odds and percentages of an IQ < 85 in the groups.There was no difference in IQ < 85 between children of mothers (...) Controlled Antenatal Thyroid Screening II: effect of treating maternal sub-optimal thyroid function on child cognition. The Controlled Antenatal Thyroid Screening (CATS) study investigated treatment of suboptimal gestational thyroid function (SGTF) on childhood cognition and found no difference in intelligence quotient (IQ) at 3 years between children of treated and untreated SGTF mothers. We have measured IQ in the same children at age 9.5 years and included children from normal gestational

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2018 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

139. Outcome of Preterm Infants With Postnatal Cytomegalovirus Infection. (PubMed)

and Toddler Development, Third Edition or the GMDS at 24 to 30 months' CA; and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Third Edition and Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition at 6 years of age. At 6 years old, hearing was assessed in CMV-positive children.Neurodevelopment was assessed in 356 infants at 16 months' CA, of whom 49 (14%) were infected and 307 (86%) were noninfected. Infected infants performed significantly better on the GMDS locomotor scale. There were (...) no differences at 24 to 30 months' CA on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition or GMDS. At 6 years of age, infected children scored lower on the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Third Edition, but mean scores were within normal range, reaching significance only in verbal IQ (96 [SD 17] vs 103 [SD 15] points; P = .046). Multiple regression indicated no impact of CMV status but significant influence of maternal education and ethnicity on verbal IQ

2018 Pediatrics

140. A Novel Framework for Impaired Imitation in ASD

Healthy Volunteers: Yes Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample Study Population See above Criteria General Inclusion Criteria: Age 8 years, 0 months to 12 years, 11 months, 30 days Informed consent is provided by a parent or guardian and assent is provided by the child Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV (WISC-IV) Full Scale Intelligence Quotient (IQ) > than 80, unless there is a 12 point or greater index discrepancy, in which case either the Verbal Comprehension Index or Perceptual Reasoning (...) of comorbidity with ASD. Children on stimulant medication will have the medication held on the day of testing. Specific Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria for Typically Developing (TD) Controls Children will be included in the typically developing (TD) control group if they: (1) Do not meet published cutoff criteria for ASD on the Social Responsiveness Scale, second edition (SRS-2), (2) do not have a history of a developmental disorder or a psychiatric disorder based on maternal and child responses from the K-SADS

2018 Clinical Trials

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