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Wechsler Intelligence Scale

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101. Aberrant gyrification contributes to the link between gestational age and adult IQ after premature birth. (PubMed)

-born adults were assessed by structural MRI and cognitive testing at 27 years of age. Gyrification was measured by local cortical absolute mean curvature (AMC), evaluated through structural MRI. Cognitive performance was assessed by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, full-scale IQ test. Two-sample t-tests, regression and mediation analyses were used to assess AMC group differences and the relation between AMC, birth-related variables, and full-scale IQ. Three key findings were identified. First

2019 Brain

102. Neurodevelopmental and health-related quality-of-life outcomes in adolescence after surgery for congenital heart disease in infancy. (PubMed)

4.8mo, SD 8.4mo). Twenty had biventricular repairs. All were classified as New York Heart Association class I. Measures included: Wechsler Intelligence and Achievement scales; Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning, Second Edition; California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Version; Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function; Conners, Third Edition; Adaptive Behavior Assessment System, Second Edition; Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition; Rey-Osterrieth Complex

2019 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

103. Behavioural and cognitive outcomes following an early stress-reduction intervention for very preterm and extremely preterm infants. (PubMed)

controlled trial involved 123 very preterm and extremely preterm infants allocated to either a parent-sensitivity intervention (PremieStart, n = 60) or to standard care (n = 63). When children were 2 and 4.5 years corrected age, parents completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). General development was assessed at 2 years with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (Bayley-III). At 4.5 years, cognitive functioning was assessed with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI-III

2019 Pediatric Research

104. Residential neighborhood greenery and children's cognitive development. (PubMed)

-dwelling participants), was used to test whether residential neighborhood greenery uniquely predicts children's cognitive development across childhood and adolescence. Greenery exposure was assessed from ages 5 to 18 using the satellite imagery-based normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) in 1-mile buffers around the home. Fluid and crystalized intellectual performance was assessed in the home at ages 5, 12, and 18 using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale, and executive function, working memory

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2019 Social Science & Medicine

105. Effects of Early Auditory Deprivation on Working Memory and Reasoning Abilities in Verbal and Visuospatial Domains for Pediatric Cochlear Implant Recipients. (PubMed)

and visuospatial working memory. Vocabulary was assessed with the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) and reasoning abilities with two subtests of the WISC-IV (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4th edition): Picture Concepts (verbally mediated) and Matrix Reasoning (visuospatial task). Groups were compared on all measures using analysis of variance after controlling for age and maternal education.Children with CIs scored significantly lower than children with NH on measures of working memory, after

2019 Ear and hearing

106. Adaptation of WASI-II Mental Development Assessment Tool for the Evaluation of the Long Term Effect of the ENAM Project in Adolescent Children in Ghana. (PubMed)

' children were contacted (now 13 to 15 y old). The items in the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI-II) were adapted, pretested, refined and pretested again. Cross-sectional data collection was conducted with former ENAM participants (60 intervention and 51 comparison families) in one of ENAM's 3 sites (the Guinea Savanna zone). Data on participants' socioeconomic status and food insecurity were collected, along with their children's intellectual functioning, dietary intake, school (...) attainment, anthropometry, and symptoms of depression. Alpha coefficient of the verbal subscale improved between the first and second pretest (from 0.34 to 0.80). After controlling for age, the intelligence scores of the children were associated with their grade (r=0.35, p=0.001) and academic performance (r=0.26 to 0.33, p<0.05). The verbal scale was associated with their anthropometry (r=0.24 to 0.27, p<0.05). The intervention children still recorded a better dietary diversity score than controls (6.8

2019 Maternal & child nutrition

107. Brain functional impairment in beta-thalassaemia: the cognitive profile in Italian neurologically asymptomatic adult patients in comparison to the reported literature. (PubMed)

volunteers (mean-age 33·9 ± 10·7 years). Participants underwent testing with Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and multiparametric brain 3T-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for parenchymal, vascular and iron content evaluation. Patients had lower Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient (FSIQ) than controls (75·5 ± 17·9 vs. 97·4 ± 18·1, P < 0·0001) even after correction for education level. Compared to TDT, NTDT showed a trend of higher FSIQ (P = 0

2019 British journal of haematology

108. Neurocognitive and functional outcomes in patients with diffuse frontal lower-grade gliomas undergoing intraoperative awake brain mapping. (PubMed)

frontal gyrus tumors (7.1%). Comparing the preoperative and postoperative neuropsychological assessments from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III) and Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R), significant improvement following awake surgery was observed in mean Perceptual Organization (Z = -2.09, p = 0.04) in WAIS-III scores. Postoperative mean WMS-R scores for Visual Memory (Z = -2.12, p = 0.03) and Delayed Recall (Z = -1.98, p = 0.04) were significantly improved compared

2019 Journal of Neurosurgery

109. T2*-weighted MRI values correlate with motor and cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson's disease. (PubMed)

Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale III off score. Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Spatial Span, and Graded Naming Test scores were inversely associated with iron load of the SN, whereas Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV Similarities score showed an inverse relationship with iron content in all the regions of interest examined. Our findings suggest a relationship between topographic brain iron distribution and cognitive domain impairment.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2019 Neurobiology of Aging

110. Co-treatment of buspirone with atypical antipsychotic drugs (AAPDs) improved neurocognitive function in chronic schizophrenia. (PubMed)

for at least three months. The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), Hamilton Depression Scale-24 (HAMD-24), and 14-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAMA-14) were used to evaluate clinical symptoms. The short version of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised in China (WAIS-RC) was used to assess neurocognitive function. Social function and family burden were evaluated by Social Disability Screening Schedule (SDSS) and Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS). All patients were enrolled

2019 Schizophrenia Research

111. Early Life Child Micronutrient Status, Maternal Reasoning, and a Nurturing Household Environment have Persistent Influences on Child Cognitive Development at Age 5 years: Results from MAL-ED. (PubMed)

y) and cognitive development at 5 y.Observational follow-up visits were made of children at 5 y, previously enrolled in the community-based MAL-ED longitudinal cohort. The burden of enteropathogens, prevalence of illness, complementary diet intake, micronutrient status, and household and maternal factors from birth to 2 y were extensively measured and their relation with the Wechsler Preschool Primary Scales of Intelligence at 5 y was examined through use of linear regression.Cognitive T-scores

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2019 Journal of Nutrition

112. Autism spectrum disorder and neurodevelopmental delays in children with giant omphalocele. (PubMed)

(prior 2006) or III (after 2006), or the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (children older than 4 years). ASD diagnosis was made based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (prior to 2014) or 5 criteria.The prevalence of ASD in GO children is 16 times higher than the general population (P = 0.0002). ASD patients were more likely to be diagnosed with neurodevelopmental and neurofunctional delays, language disorders, and genetic abnormalities (P < 0.01 (...) Autism spectrum disorder and neurodevelopmental delays in children with giant omphalocele. To determine the prevalence and identify risk factors of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and neurodevelopmental delays in giant omphalocele (GO) survivors.The study cohort consists of 47 GO survivors enrolled in our follow-up program between 07/2004 and 12/2015. All patients underwent assessments at 2 years of age or older. Outcomes were assessed by either the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II

2019 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

113. A Birth Cohort Study about the Genetic Modification of Prenatal Methylmercury Association with Child Cognitive Development. (PubMed)

study) was identified based on the availability of the mercury concentration of cord tissue as a measure of prenatal methylmercury exposure, data on 247 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), as well as the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Intelligence Quotient (IQ) scores. Log10-transformed mercury concentration was positively associated with IQ, but adjustment confounding cofactors attenuated this association. Enhanced interaction with methylmercury was replicated in the new study

2019 American Journal of Epidemiology

114. Is breast feeding associated with offspring IQ at age 5? Findings from prospective cohort: Lifestyle During Pregnancy Study. (PubMed)

observational study.Population-based birth cohort in Denmark.We used data from The Lifestyle During Pregnancy Study 1782 mother-child pairs sampled from the Danish National Birth Cohort (n=101 042).Child IQ was assessed at age 5 years by the Wechsler Primary and Preschool Scales of Intelligence-Revised. On the same occasion maternal intelligence was assessed by Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices. Exposure data on duration of breast feeding (n=1385) were extracted (...) able to adjust for some of the most critical confounders, including maternal intelligence.© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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2019 BMJ open

115. SMAD6 Genotype Predicts Neurodevelopment in Non-syndromic Craniosynostosis. (PubMed)

SMAD6 Genotype Predicts Neurodevelopment in Non-syndromic Craniosynostosis. De-novo or rare transmitted mutations in the SMAD6 gene affect non-syndromic midline synostosis (NSC) in 7% of patients. This study aimed to determine the neurocognitive sequelae of SMAD6 NSC.NSC patients >6 years of age, with SMAD6 mutations and non-SMAD6 NSC controls, were recruited. All patients completed a double-blinded neurodevelopmental battery (Wechsler Fundamentals, Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence

2019 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

116. Association Between Maternal Fluoride Exposure During Pregnancy and IQ Scores in Offspring in Canada. (PubMed)

and beverage consumption available for 400 pregnant women.Children's IQ was assessed at ages 3 to 4 years using the Wechsler Primary and Preschool Scale of Intelligence-III. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to examine covariate-adjusted associations between each fluoride exposure measure and IQ score.Of 512 mother-child pairs, the mean (SD) age for enrollment for mothers was 32.3 (5.1) years, 463 (90%) were white, and 264 children (52%) were female. Data on MUFSG concentrations, IQ scores (...) ; P = .001). Children had mean (SD) Full Scale IQ scores of 107.16 (13.26), range 52-143, with girls showing significantly higher mean (SD) scores than boys: 109.56 (11.96) vs 104.61 (14.09); P = .001. There was a significant interaction (P = .02) between child sex and MUFSG (6.89; 95% CI, 0.96-12.82) indicating a differential association between boys and girls. A 1-mg/L increase in MUFSG was associated with a 4.49-point lower IQ score (95% CI, -8.38 to -0.60) in boys

2019 JAMA pediatrics

117. Links of Prosodic Stress Perception and Musical Activities to Language Skills of Children With Cochlear Implants and Normal Hearing. (PubMed)

. Understanding these links is expected to guide future research and toward supporting language development in children with a CI.Twenty-one unilaterally and early-implanted children and 31 children with NH, aged 5 to 13, were classified as musically active or nonactive by a questionnaire recording regularity of musical activities, in particular singing, and reading and other activities shared with parents. Perception of word and sentence stress, performance in word finding, verbal intelligence (Wechsler (...) Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) vocabulary), and phonological awareness (production of rhymes) were measured in all children. Comparisons between children with a CI and NH were made against a subset of 21 of the children with NH who were matched to children with CIs by age, gender, socioeconomic background, and musical activity. Regression analyses, run separately for children with CIs and NH, assessed how much variance in each language task was shared with each of prosodic perception, the child's

2019 Ear and hearing

118. Early-life socioeconomic status, adolescent cognitive ability, and cognition in late midlife: Evidence from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. (PubMed)

and category fluency, and a subset of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale similarities test. We found that childhood SES predicts cognition in late midlife, and this association is largely mediated by adolescent cognitive ability and educational attainment and to a lesser extent by midlife economic condition and health. The findings underscore the long-arm of childhood SES in cognitive function in later life and highlight the complex life-course pathways underlying the association between childhood SES

2019 Social Science & Medicine

119. Relationships Between Early Neonatal Nutrition and Neurodevelopment at School Age in Children Born Very Preterm. (PubMed)

, NZ, before and after a change in nutrition protocol. The primary outcome was neurodevelopmental impairment at 7 years (any of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children full scale IQ<85, Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 total score ≤5 centile, cerebral palsy, blind or deaf requiring aids). Outcomes were compared between groups and for the overall cohort using generalised linear regression, adjusted for sex and birth weight z-score.Of 201 eligible children, 128 (64%) were assessed (55/89

2019 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

120. Predicting developmental outcomes in preterm infants: A simple white matter injury imaging rule. (PubMed)

of 60 neonates with 4.5-year outcomes were reformatted and aligned to the posterior commissure-eye plane and WMI was classified by location: anterior or posterior-only to the midventricle line on the reformatted axial plane. Adverse outcomes at 4.5 years were defined as Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence full-scale IQ <85, cerebral palsy, or Movement Assessment Battery for Children, second edition percentile <5. The prediction of adverse outcome by WMI location, intraventricular

2019 Neurology

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