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Wechsler Intelligence Scale

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61. The Brain as a Distributed Intelligent Processing System: An EEG Study (PubMed)

with WAIS (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale) and WISC (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children), and the brain activity associated with visual and verbal processing, in order to test the validity of a distributed neural basis for intelligence.The present results support these claims and the neural efficiency hypothesis. (...) The Brain as a Distributed Intelligent Processing System: An EEG Study Various neuroimaging studies, both structural and functional, have provided support for the proposal that a distributed brain network is likely to be the neural basis of intelligence. The theory of Distributed Intelligent Processing Systems (DIPS), first developed in the field of Artificial Intelligence, was proposed to adequately model distributed neural intelligent processing. In addition, the neural efficiency hypothesis

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2011 PloS one

62. Expanding the Ecological Validity of WAIS-IV and WMS-IV With the Texas Functional Living Scale (PubMed)

Expanding the Ecological Validity of WAIS-IV and WMS-IV With the Texas Functional Living Scale Assessment of functional status is an important aspect of clinical evaluation. As part of the standardization of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) and Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV), participants completed the Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS), a measure of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. The relationships between TFLS and WAIS-IV and WMS-IV were (...) examined in both normally developing and clinical samples. In general, the highest correlations were between TFLS and measures of general cognitive ability (WAIS-IV FSIQ [Full Scale IQ] and GAI [General Ability Index]) and working memory (WAIS-IV WMI [Working Memory Index] and WMS-IV VWMI [Visual Working Memory Index]). Across the clinical populations, working memory subtests were generally strongly related to TFLS performance, although this relationship was more consistent with WAIS-IV than WMS-IV

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2010 Assessment

63. Developmental follow-up of children and young people born preterm

beforehand and the results discussed during the assessment: the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), to check for social, attentional, emotional and behavioural problems the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) 48-month questionnaire, to check for various aspects of development reviewing previous assessments and information from all other relevant sources using a standardised test to assess IQ, such as the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence 4th Edition (WPPSI) test (...) . Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 26 of 29Recommendations for research Recommendations for research The guideline committee has made the following recommendations for research. The committee's full set of research recommendations is detailed in the full guideline. 1 Predictive accuracy of the WPPSI-IV at age 4 years (uncorrected) for children born preterm What is the accuracy of a Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence 4th

2017 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

64. Monitoring Progress of Neurological and Functional Outcomes in the Paediatric HIV Cohort in the UK

is global intelligence, which is the name used for general verbal and non-verbal problem solving skills, typically assessed by the Wechsler scales. Studies have typically found small or no differences between global intelligence scores for young people with PHIV and those who have been perinatally exposed but uninfected (i.e. Smith et al, 2012). Measures of general intelligence may mask subtle impairments in functioning (Smith & Wilkins, 2015). Recent research has found specific impairments in domains

2019 The Children's HIV Association

65. Management of Stroke Rehabilitation

patients, poor functional outcomes are commonplace. Approximately 44% of individuals aged 18-50 experience moderate disability after stroke, requiring at least some assistance with activities of daily living (ADL) and/or mobility (modified Rankin Scale score >2).[3] Even in patients with so-called “mild” or “improving” stroke, a recent study found that only 28% were discharged to home, 16% required admission to acute rehabilitation facilities, and 11% were admitted to skilled nursing facilities.[4] VA

2019 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

67. Pediatric Post–Cardiac Arrest Care: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

for 48 hours, rewarmed over 16 to 24 hours, and maintained at 36°C to 37.5°C until 120 hours after the initiation of TTM. Children receiving TTM to the higher temperature range were actively maintained at 36°C to 37.5°C for 120 hours (5 days). In THAPCA-OH, the percentage of survivors with favorable neurological outcomes at 1 year (defined as Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, second edition score ≥70) did not significantly differ between the TTM groups (TTM to 32°C–34°C: 20% versus TTM to 36°C–37.5

2019 American Heart Association

69. Management of Stroke in Neonates and Children

to reduce the disability of 1 patient. Two clinical trials published in early 2018 extended the treatment window further for select patients with smaller completed infarcts yet large penumbra territories at risk for infarction. The DAWN trial (Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention With Trevo) showed that thrombectomy from 6 to 24 hours after onset can be beneficial in adults with NIH Stroke Scale score >10 and core infarct volume <30 mL (...) (equivalent to <5% of hemisphere volume) or NIH Stroke Scale score >20 and core infarct volume <51 mL (equivalent to 10% of hemisphere volume). The DEFUSE 3 trial (Endovascular Therapy Following Imaging Evaluation for Ischemic Stroke 3) similarly found benefit when the thrombectomy was performed in an extended time window (6–16 hours after onset) in patients selected by perfusion imaging: an initial infarct size of <70 mL and a ratio of the volume of ischemic tissue on perfusion imaging to infarct volume

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2019 American Heart Association

70. Diagnosis and management of primary central nervous system diffuse large B?cell lymphoma

Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire C‐30; IQ, intelligence quotient; WAIS‐III, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Third Edition; WAIS‐IV, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Fourth Edition. Given the cognitive, psychological and physical effects of both CNS lymphoma and its treatment, it is important that holistic needs are addressed during treatment and throughout the recovery period. Early referral to support services and specialist therapies should be considered (...) , ). Table 3. Proposed baseline and follow‐up neuropsychological evaluations in primary central nervous system lymphoma Domain Tests recommended by Correa et al ( ) Tests recommended for use with UK patients Premorbid IQ estimation Barona Index (Barona et al , ) National Adult Reading Test‐Revised (Nelson & Willison, ) or Test of Premorbid Functioning (Wechsler, ) Attention/executive WAIS‐III (Wechsler, ) Digits Forward and Backward Span; Trail Making Test (Parts A and B) (Reitan & Wolfson, ) WAIS‐IV

2018 British Committee for Standards in Haematology

71. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Due to Steroid 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency

are on different alleles or the same allele) without genotyping at least one parent. Several studies on the genotyping of samples from screening programs have suggested that this approach is a potentially useful adjunct to hormonal measurements ( , , , , , ), but to the best of our knowledge there has been no large-scale study of its efficacy as a second-tier screen in actual use. Genotyping remains more costly and time-consuming than LC-MS/MS on a per-sample basis. Although the equipment for LC-MS/MS

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2018 Pediatric Endocrine Society

72. Stroke in childhood - clinical guideline for diagnosis, management and rehabilitation

VF Videofluoroscopy VR Virtual Reality VZV Varicella Zoster Virus WHO World Health Organization WISC Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children xvi Key recommendations This section contains 83 of the total 261 recommendations that the RCPCH Stroke in Childhood Guideline Development Group (GDG) have developed and felt key. If followed, these key recommendations will enhance the quality of stroke care in children and young people (aged 29 days to 18 years at time of presentation). This section should (...) Antiphospholipid syndrome aPTT Activated partial thromboplastin time ARE Adverse radiation effects ARUBA trial A Randomised trial of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous malformations AT Antitrypsin AVM Arteriovenous malformation AVPU scale ‘Alert, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive’ scale BoNTA Botulinum toxin A BP Blood pressure CA Catheter angiography CAF Common Assessment Framework CASP Critical Appraisal Skills Programme CBT Cognitive Behavioural Therapy CCC Comprehensive Care Centre CIMT Constraint Induced Movement

2017 Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health

73. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Due to Steroid 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency

on the genotyping of samples from screening programs have suggested that this approach is a potentially useful adjunct to hormonal measurements ( , , , , , ), but to the best of our knowledge there has been no large-scale study of its efficacy as a second-tier screen in actual use. Genotyping remains more costly and time-consuming than LC-MS/MS on a per-sample basis. Although the equipment for LC-MS/MS is expensive, many screening programs already have it available for other tests. Balance of benefits and harms

2018 The Endocrine Society

74. Improving Quality of Life: Substance Use and Aging

, such as cataracts and glaucoma (Public Health Agency of Canada, 2010). 1.3.2 Cognitive Health Subtle declines in cognitive abilities occur as a person advances into older adulthood, with numerous studies exploring the specificity of these deficits across distinct cognitive processes and domains. Crystallized intelligence, which involves knowledge that is overlearned and familiar (e.g., vocabulary, general knowledge), remains largely stable through the sixth (age 50–60) and seventh (age 60–69) decades of life (...) . In contrast, fluid intelligence — that is, the ability to process and learn new information, reason and solve problems, and attend to and manipulate the environment — declines gradually over the course of adulthood (Salthouse, 2012). Most prominent among the changes seen in fluid intelligence are declines in the speed with which cognitive activities and motor responses are performed (termed processing speed). Processing speed typically peaks between the ages of 20 and 29, then gradually declines

2018 Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

75. Intermittent Inhaled Corticosteroids and Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonists for Asthma

Collaboration’s Risk of Bias Tool 18 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and Newcastle Ottawa Scale 19 for observational studies. Overall risk of bias for each study was classified as low, moderate or high, according to the collective risk of bias per evaluated domain and the investigator’s confidence in the study results given the identified limitations. 20 Risk of bias was considered unclear if the majority of domains evaluated were unclear. We assessed clinical and methodologic heterogeneity

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

76. Use of preimplantation genetic testing (PGT-A): a committee opinion

PAGESpeers on measures of cognition (Wechsler Preschool and Pri- mary Scale of Intelligence TM ), motor skills (Movement ABC) and psychosocial development (Child Behavior Checklist [CBCL] and Caregiver-Teacher Report Form [C/TRF]) (28, 29). A cohort study from Denmark noted that adverse obstet- ric and neonatal outcomes seemed more related to the parentalconditionthanthetechnologyusedtotreatthecon- dition, though PGT-M pregnancies had more placenta previa thanspontaneouslyconceivedpregnancies.PGT

2018 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

77. Profound social deprivation produces permanent imprint

and adoptees, and direct measures of the intelligence quotient (IQ), symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (15 items from the Social Communication Questionnaire), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (revised Rutter scale at ages 6 and 11 years, Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire at age 15 years and Conners Behavior Rating Scale at age 22-25 years), disinhibited social engagement, conduct or emotional problems, and cognitive impairment (IQ < 80) (McCarthy scales at age 6 years (...) , Wechsler scales at all other ages). The authors also documented the use of mental health services, educational achievement, employment status, and socioeconomic status of the parents. They administered the Parental Attachment Questionnaire to parents and the Parent and Peer Attachment Questionnaire to young adult adoptees. A DNA sample was collected for analysis at age 15 years. Main results: the Rom<6 and the UK groups had similarly low levels of symptoms at most ages, so they were pooled

2017 Evidencias en Pediatría

78. Preschool predictors of later reading comprehension ability

of the predictors (vocabulary, grammar, phonological awareness, letter knowledge, RAN, memory, and nonverbal intelligence) and (2) reading comprehension as measured by standardized or researcher-designed tests. 22 The Campbell Collaboration | www.campbellcollaboration.org Types of effect sizes The primary focus of this meta-analysis is the predictive relations between different language and cognitive abilities and later reading comprehension. The studies therefore had to report a Pearson’s r correlation between

2017 Campbell Collaboration

79. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment in Children and Adolescents

on clinician assessment to determine whether the criteria described in the DSM are met. For this review, studies based on the DSM-5 or DSM-IV criteria were included. Rating scales, which can be completed by parents, teachers, and/or patients, are used to evaluate the presence of each of the 18 symptoms as well as the degree of impairment that results from symptoms. Rating scale data are integrated with a clinical interview to determine the onset, course, duration, and impairment associated with symptoms (...) may better explain ADHD symptoms or is present as a comorbid diagnosis. 7 Although most previous research has relied on interviews and rating scales for diagnosis, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently approved a new device “to aid in the diagnosis of ADHD.” 8 The Neuropsychiatric Electroencephalograph [EEG]-Based Assessment Aid (NEBA; NEBA Health, Augusta, GA) was approved to provide clinical support for an ADHD diagnosis in patients ages 6–17 years but is not intended

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

80. Hypersexuality: fluoxetine

) less than 80 (which is below the usual average IQ test score, for example the Wechsler Abbreviated scale of intelligence which was the scale used in the study). Of the 64 men referred for treatment, 36 received fluoxetine, 5 received anti-androgen medication (cyproterone), 7 received a combination of fluoxetine and cyproterone, 1 received triptorelin and 15 did not receive any medication or were still under assessment for medication. It was reported that when fluoxetine did not appear to be working (...) ' treatment, this was reduced from 3.67 days at baseline to 1.10 days in the fluoxetine group and from 3.97 days to 1.70 days in the cyproterone group. Sexual preoccupation was assessed by asking: 'how much time do you spend thinking about sex?' measured on a scale from 1 (low) to 7 (high). After 3 months' treatment there was a reduction from 4.71 at baseline to 2.00 in the fluoxetine group and from 5.60 to 2.80 in the cyproterone group. Sexual compulsivity was also assessed by asking relevant questions

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

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