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in the predisaster period, and 289 did in the postdisaster period. The remainder died or moved from that area. At the time of 7-year-old examination, we administered the WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children-Third Edition and electrocardiography to assess autonomic function. According to the Child Behavior Checklist for ages 2-3 years and the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children that had been administered at 30 months and 42 months of age, respectively, there were no significant differences in them between (...) the 2 groups.Verbal IQ, including information, arithmetic, and vocabulary subscores of the WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children-Third Edition, at 7 years of age was significantly lower in the postdisaster group than in the predisaster group. However, there were no significant differences in performance IQ, full-scale IQ, or autonomic nervous indicators between the 2 groups.Since many schools were utilized as primary refuges after the disaster, the deficits in verbal IQ of 7-year-old children may
Attentional Control and Intelligence: MRI Orbital Frontal Gray Matter and Neuropsychological Correlates Attentional control is a key function of working memory that is hypothesized to play an important role in psychometric intelligence. To test the neuropsychological underpinnings of this hypothesis, we examined full-scale IQ, as measured by the Wechsler Adult IntelligenceScale-Third Edition (WAIS-III), and attentional control, as measured by Trails B response time and Wisconsin Card Sorting (...) -scale IQ correlated very strongly with right middle orbital gyrus gray matter volume (r = 0.610, p = 0.002), as did Trails B response time with left middle orbital gyrus gray matter volume (r = -0.608, p = 0.003). Trails B response time and right middle orbital gyrus gray matter volume jointly accounted for approximately 32.95% to 54.82% of the variance in IQ scores. These results provided evidence of the unique contributions of attentional control and OFC gray matter to intelligence.
Testing the limits: Cautions and concerns regarding the new Wechsler IQ and Memory scales. The Wechsler Adult IntelligenceScale (WAIS) and the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) are 2 of the most common psychological tests used in clinical care and research in neurology. Newly revised versions of both instruments (WAIS-IV and WMS-IV) have recently been published and are increasingly being adopted by the neuropsychology community. There have been significant changes in the structure and content (...) of both scales, leading to the potential for inaccurate patient classification if algorithms developed using their predecessors are employed. There are presently insufficient clinical data in neurologic populations to insure their appropriate application to neuropsychological evaluations. We provide a perspective on these important new neuropsychological instruments, comment on the pressures to adopt these tests in the absence of an appropriate evidence base supporting their incremental validity
of positive associations between cortical thickness and g scores, as derived from the first unrotated principal factor of a factor analysis of Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) subtest scores. After WASI specific cognitive subtest scores were regressed on g factor scores, the residual score variances did not correlate significantly with cortical thickness in the full sample with age covaried. When participants were grouped at the age median, significant positive associations of cortical (...) Associations between cortical thickness and general intelligence in children, adolescents and young adults Neuroimaging research indicates that human intellectual ability is related to brain structure including the thickness of the cerebral cortex. Most studies indicate that general intelligence is positively associated with cortical thickness in areas of association cortex distributed throughout both brain hemispheres. In this study, we performed a cortical thickness mapping analysis on data
An Increase of Intelligence in China 1986â€“2012 The Flynn effect has been widely researched in Western and European nations, while it has been comparatively understudied in Asian countries. This study examines possible Flynn effects in China from 1985-86 and to 2011-12. Results are reported for an IQ increase among 12 year olds on the Full Scale IQ WISC-R (WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children- Revised) of 6.19 IQ points, a gain on the Performance IQ of 6.55 IQ points, and a gain
Schizophrenia genetic variants are not associated with intelligence. Schizophrenia is associated with lower pre-morbid intelligence (IQ) in addition to (pre-morbid) cognitive decline. Both schizophrenia and IQ are highly heritable traits. Therefore, we hypothesized that genetic variants associated with schizophrenia, including copy number variants (CNVs) and a polygenic schizophrenia (risk) score (PSS), may influence intelligence.IQ was estimated with the Wechsler Adult IntelligenceScale (WAIS
a measure of efficient information processing derived from working memory and processing speed tasks. We examined the utility of the GAI and CPI to quantify neurocognitive outcomes in a sample of pediatric brain tumor survivors.GAI, CPI, and FSIQ scores from the WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) were examined for 57 pediatric brain tumor survivors (ages 6-16 years) treated with cranial radiation therapy (RT).GAI scores were higher than FSIQ and CPI scores, both p < .001 (...) Utility of the General Ability Index (GAI) and Cognitive Proficiency Index (CPI) with Survivors of Pediatric Brain Tumors: Comparison to Full Scale IQ and Premorbid IQ Estimates Pediatric brain tumor survivors are at risk for working memory and processing speed impairment. The General Ability Index (GAI) provides an estimate of intellectual functioning that is less influenced by working memory and processing speed than a Full Scale IQ (FSIQ). The Cognitive Proficiency Index (CPI) provides
. Meditation emphasized mindful awareness of the breath during inhaling and exhaling. The control group went about their normal activities in the other room. The psychiatric symptoms were measured using the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), the memory used the Wechsler Memory Scale-I (WMS-I), the intelligence used the Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM), and the academic achievement used psychiatry course MCQ examination score. Analysis was done using Ancova statistic.Fifty-eight volunteer medical (...) Breathing meditation by medical students at Khon Kaen University: effect on psychiatric symptoms, memory, intelligence and academic achievement. To examine the short-term effects on fifth-year medical students of a 4-week, breathing meditation-based, stress reduction intervention on psychiatric symptoms, memory function, intelligence, and academic achievement.Using a randomized control trial, the meditation group practiced every 8.00 to 8.20 a.m. before beginning daily learning schedule
patients with focal brain damage using voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. The Wechsler Adult IntelligenceScale and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System were used to derive measures of g and executive function, respectively. Impaired performance on these measures was associated with damage to a distributed network of left lateralized brain areas, including regions of frontal and parietal cortex and white matter association tracts, which bind these areas into a coordinated system. The observed (...) findings support an integrative framework for understanding the architecture of general intelligence and executive function, supporting their reliance upon a shared fronto-parietal network for the integration and control of cognitive representations and making specific recommendations for the application of the Wechsler Adult IntelligenceScale and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System to the study of high-level cognition in health and disease.
characteristics accounted for discrepancies between self-reports and clinician ratings of depressive symptoms in patients experiencing the euthymic period of a mood disorder.The sample consisted of 100 individuals with bipolar disorder (n=72) or major depressive disorder (n=28). The HAMD and Young Mania Rating Scale were administered, and participants completed the BDI and Barratt Impulsivity Scale. Intelligence was assessed with the Korean Wechsler Adult IntelligenceScale. Patients completed the Temperament (...) Intelligence, temperament, and personality are related to over- or under-reporting of affective symptoms by patients with euthymic mood disorder. Many patients with mood disorders report subjective indicators of depression that are inconsistent with clinicians' objective ratings. This study used the self-report Beck Depressive Inventory (BDI) and the observer-rated Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) to evaluate the extent to which temperament, personality traits, and clinical
-Binet IntelligenceScales, the Wechsler Adult IntelligenceScale, the WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children, and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence.Intelligence assessments in children with CP lack reliability data, consensus regarding validity data, and population-specific norms. Research is required to establish psychometrics for children with CP. For children with higher motor involvement and/or communication and/or visual impairments, multiple options are required (...) , and ERIC) were searched to identify assessments that (1) measured intellectual function, (2) in children aged 4 to 18 years, (3) with CP, and (4) with psychometrics available.Searches yielded 48 assessments, of which nine provided psychometric data for children with CP. The included tests were the Columbia Mental Maturity Scale, the Leiter International Performance Scale, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, the Pictorial Test of Intelligence, the Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices, the Stanford
in electronic databases only.In all, 30 peer-reviewed studies written in English that used well established measures of intelligence quotient (the National Adult Reading Test and WechslerIntelligenceScales) were identified. This review established that people with anorexia nervosa score 10.8 units and 5.9 units above the average intelligence quotient of the normative population on the National Adult Reading Test and WechslerIntelligenceScales, respectively. An association was found between Body Mass (...) Estimated intelligence quotient in anorexia nervosa: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. It has been hypothesised that people with anorexia nervosa have a higher intelligence quotient (IQ) level than the general population. The purpose of this review was to systematically appraise the research into reported IQ levels in people with anorexia nervosa.A search using the terms intelligence quotient, IQ, intelligence, cognition, eating disorders and anorexia was conducted
Hospital Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Animal studies showed that many general anesthetics might result in neuron apoptosis and neurocognitive impairment in the developing brain. However results from human studies are conflicted. In present study, the investigators examined the association between early exposure to anesthesia and surgery for minor surgery and intelligence changes in adolescence using the WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children. Condition or disease Hypospadia (...) Measures : WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children [ Time Frame: Average 5 years after surgery ] WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children will be done after surgery, the expected average of 5 years after surgery. Secondary Outcome Measures : Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist [ Time Frame: Average 5 years after surgery ] WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children will be done after surgery, the expected average of 5 years after surgery. Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library
is smallest for African-Americans and for subjects administered the Wechsler Adult IntelligenceScale. Among adolescents administered the WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children, the poorest subtests are Vocabulary and Information. It is argued that delinquency is intertwined with school failure, and that verbal-educational deficits accumulate over the course of childhood, eventually manifesting as P>V. (...) A meta-analytic assessment of Wechsler's P>V sign in antisocial populations. The dichotomy between Verbal IQ and Performance IQ was a hallmark of the Wechslerscales for over 60 years. Wechsler noted that adolescent delinquents tend to score higher on the Performance tests than the Verbal tests (P>V). A plethora of studies have examined the clinical utility of the P>V sign in juvenile delinquents. However, there have been few attempts to systematically quantify the size of this discrepancy
clearly expressed their non-opposition to participate. Exclusion Criteria: Patients below 6 years old or patients older than 16 years; with a diagnosis of ADHD predominantly hyperactive-impulsive subtype ADHD according to the DSM IV criteria; mental retardation defined by a score < 70 at the verbal comprehension index and the perceptual reasoning score of the WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children - Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) established diagnosis of any psychiatric co-morbidity other than ADHD (...) Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale and Epilepsy Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale and Epilepsy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Attention
measure was based on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, which was administered during the psychological examination. Cognitive ability was measured via the Army General Technical Test given at induction and Wechsler Adult IntelligenceScale subtests administered during the psychological examination, approximately 17 years later. We used covariance structure modeling to analyze the data because it enabled us to conduct Cox proportional hazards analyses with latent variables and mediator (...) Emotionally stable, intelligent men live longer: the Vietnam experience study cohort To determine whether neuroticism, cognitive ability, and their interaction predicted mortality and to test whether neuroticism or cognitive ability effects were mediated by socioeconomic status (SES), physical health, mental health, or health behaviors.Participants were 4200 men followed up for > 15 years. Participants took part in telephone interviews and medical and psychological evaluations. The neuroticism
as normal or abnormal, from video recordings that were made at regular intervals until 17 weeks after term. At 7 to 11 years, intelligence was tested by using the WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children III, Dutch version. Total IQ (TIQ), verbal IQ (VIQ), and performance IQ (PIQ) scores were calculated.The median TIQ was 93 (range: 67-113), VIQ 96 (range: 68-117), and PIQ 92 (range: 65-119). Fifteen children (25%) had low TIQ scores (<85). When the quality of GMs normalized before 8 weeks after term (...) The Early Motor Repertoire of Children Born Preterm Is Associated With Intelligence at School Age. The goal was to determine whether the quality of general movements (GMs) for preterm children had predictive value for cognitive development at school age.In this prospective cohort study, 60 preterm infants (gestational age, median: 30.0 weeks [range: 25-33 weeks]; birth weight, median: 1130 g [range: 595-1800 g]) without cerebral palsy were studied. The quality of GMs was assessed prospectively
Relationship between Childrenâ€™s Intelligence and Their Emotional/Behavioral Problems and Social Competence: Gender Differences in First Graders The present study examines gender differences in the correlations between intelligence and developmental problems as well as social competence in first graders.Ninety parent-child dyads participated in this study. The children comprised 7-year-olds recruited from the first grade of an elementary school. All the children were administered the Wechsler (...) IntelligenceScale for Children-Third Edition (WISC-III), Parent-child Interaction Rating Scale (IRS), and the parent report version of Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).The findings clarified that the processing speed of boys significantly correlated with their peer relationship. On the other hand, the emotional symptoms exhibited by girls had a more common association with their intellectual abilities. The correlations between parenting and intellectual abilities differed in boys
expectations.This study was performed in a general population cohort from the TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey, using data from the first wave (n = 2,230, mean age = 11.09 years, SD = .56, 50.8% girls), second wave (n = 2,149, mean age = 13.65 years, SD = .53, 51.0% girls), and third wave (n = 1,816, mean age = 16.25 years, SD = .72, 53.3% girls). Intelligence was measured using the WechslerIntelligenceScale for Children-Revised, which resulted in an intelligence quotient (IQ) for each (...) Adolescents with low intelligence are at risk of functional somatic symptoms: the TRAILS study. Low intelligence is a risk factor for functional somatic symptoms (FSSs) in adults, but it is unknown whether a similar association exists in adolescents. We hypothesized that low intelligence may lead to FSS, and that this association is mediated by low school performance. In addition, we hypothesized that this mediation is particularly present in adolescents who perceive high parental