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Wechsler Intelligence Scale

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41. Bilateral hearing loss is associated with decreased nonverbal intelligence in United States children ages 6 to 16 years. (PubMed)

audiometric evaluation and cognitive testing during NHANES III. Hearing loss was defined as low-frequency pure-tone average (PTA) >25 dB (0.5, 1, 2 kHz) or high-frequency PTA >25 dB (3, 4, 6, 8 kHz) and was designated as unilateral or bilateral. Nonverbal intelligence was measured using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised block design subtest. Low nonverbal intelligence was defined as a standardized score <4, two standard deviations below the standardized mean of 10.Mean nonverbal (...) Bilateral hearing loss is associated with decreased nonverbal intelligence in United States children ages 6 to 16 years. To evaluate the association between hearing loss and nonverbal intelligence in US children.The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) is a cross-sectional survey (1988-1994) that used complex multistage sampling design to produce nationally representative demographic and examination data.A total of 4,823 children ages 6 to 16 years completed

2014 Laryngoscope

42. The role of cognitive versus emotional intelligence in Iowa Gambling Task performance: What’s emotion got to do with it? (PubMed)

compare the extent to which measures tapping relevant cognitive versus emotional competencies predict IGT performance in the same study. The current investigation attempts to address this question by comparing patterns of associations between IGT performance, cognitive intelligence (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence; WASI) and three commonly employed measures of emotional intelligence (EI; Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, MSCEIT; Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory, EQ-i (...) ; Self-Rated Emotional Intelligence Scale, SREIS). Results indicated that IGT performance was more strongly associated with cognitive, than emotional, intelligence. To the extent that the IGT indeed mimics "real-world" decision-making, our findings, coupled with the results of existing research, may highlight the role of deliberate, cognitive capacities over implicit, emotional processes in contributing to at least some domains of decision-making relevant to everyday life.

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2014 Intelligence

43. Testing the limits: Cautions and concerns regarding the new Wechsler IQ and Memory scales. (PubMed)

Testing the limits: Cautions and concerns regarding the new Wechsler IQ and Memory scales. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) and the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) are 2 of the most common psychological tests used in clinical care and research in neurology. Newly revised versions of both instruments (WAIS-IV and WMS-IV) have recently been published and are increasingly being adopted by the neuropsychology community. There have been significant changes in the structure and content (...) of both scales, leading to the potential for inaccurate patient classification if algorithms developed using their predecessors are employed. There are presently insufficient clinical data in neurologic populations to insure their appropriate application to neuropsychological evaluations. We provide a perspective on these important new neuropsychological instruments, comment on the pressures to adopt these tests in the absence of an appropriate evidence base supporting their incremental validity

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2010 Neurology

44. Intelligence assessments for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review. (PubMed)

-Binet Intelligence Scales, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence.Intelligence assessments in children with CP lack reliability data, consensus regarding validity data, and population-specific norms. Research is required to establish psychometrics for children with CP. For children with higher motor involvement and/or communication and/or visual impairments, multiple options are required (...) , and ERIC) were searched to identify assessments that (1) measured intellectual function, (2) in children aged 4 to 18 years, (3) with CP, and (4) with psychometrics available.Searches yielded 48 assessments, of which nine provided psychometric data for children with CP. The included tests were the Columbia Mental Maturity Scale, the Leiter International Performance Scale, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, the Pictorial Test of Intelligence, the Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices, the Stanford

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2013 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

45. Associations between cortical thickness and general intelligence in children, adolescents and young adults (PubMed)

of positive associations between cortical thickness and g scores, as derived from the first unrotated principal factor of a factor analysis of Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) subtest scores. After WASI specific cognitive subtest scores were regressed on g factor scores, the residual score variances did not correlate significantly with cortical thickness in the full sample with age covaried. When participants were grouped at the age median, significant positive associations of cortical (...) Associations between cortical thickness and general intelligence in children, adolescents and young adults Neuroimaging research indicates that human intellectual ability is related to brain structure including the thickness of the cerebral cortex. Most studies indicate that general intelligence is positively associated with cortical thickness in areas of association cortex distributed throughout both brain hemispheres. In this study, we performed a cortical thickness mapping analysis on data

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2013 Intelligence

46. An Increase of Intelligence in China 1986–2012 (PubMed)

An Increase of Intelligence in China 1986–2012 The Flynn effect has been widely researched in Western and European nations, while it has been comparatively understudied in Asian countries. This study examines possible Flynn effects in China from 1985-86 and to 2011-12. Results are reported for an IQ increase among 12 year olds on the Full Scale IQ WISC-R (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children- Revised) of 6.19 IQ points, a gain on the Performance IQ of 6.55 IQ points, and a gain

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2013 Intelligence

47. Schizophrenia genetic variants are not associated with intelligence. (PubMed)

Schizophrenia genetic variants are not associated with intelligence. Schizophrenia is associated with lower pre-morbid intelligence (IQ) in addition to (pre-morbid) cognitive decline. Both schizophrenia and IQ are highly heritable traits. Therefore, we hypothesized that genetic variants associated with schizophrenia, including copy number variants (CNVs) and a polygenic schizophrenia (risk) score (PSS), may influence intelligence.IQ was estimated with the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS

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2013 Psychological Medicine

48. An integrative architecture for general intelligence and executive function revealed by lesion mapping. (PubMed)

patients with focal brain damage using voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System were used to derive measures of g and executive function, respectively. Impaired performance on these measures was associated with damage to a distributed network of left lateralized brain areas, including regions of frontal and parietal cortex and white matter association tracts, which bind these areas into a coordinated system. The observed (...) findings support an integrative framework for understanding the architecture of general intelligence and executive function, supporting their reliance upon a shared fronto-parietal network for the integration and control of cognitive representations and making specific recommendations for the application of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System to the study of high-level cognition in health and disease.

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2012 Brain

49. Breathing meditation by medical students at Khon Kaen University: effect on psychiatric symptoms, memory, intelligence and academic achievement. (PubMed)

. Meditation emphasized mindful awareness of the breath during inhaling and exhaling. The control group went about their normal activities in the other room. The psychiatric symptoms were measured using the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), the memory used the Wechsler Memory Scale-I (WMS-I), the intelligence used the Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM), and the academic achievement used psychiatry course MCQ examination score. Analysis was done using Ancova statistic.Fifty-eight volunteer medical (...) Breathing meditation by medical students at Khon Kaen University: effect on psychiatric symptoms, memory, intelligence and academic achievement. To examine the short-term effects on fifth-year medical students of a 4-week, breathing meditation-based, stress reduction intervention on psychiatric symptoms, memory function, intelligence, and academic achievement.Using a randomized control trial, the meditation group practiced every 8.00 to 8.20 a.m. before beginning daily learning schedule

2012 Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet

50. Intelligence, temperament, and personality are related to over- or under-reporting of affective symptoms by patients with euthymic mood disorder. (PubMed)

characteristics accounted for discrepancies between self-reports and clinician ratings of depressive symptoms in patients experiencing the euthymic period of a mood disorder.The sample consisted of 100 individuals with bipolar disorder (n=72) or major depressive disorder (n=28). The HAMD and Young Mania Rating Scale were administered, and participants completed the BDI and Barratt Impulsivity Scale. Intelligence was assessed with the Korean Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Patients completed the Temperament (...) Intelligence, temperament, and personality are related to over- or under-reporting of affective symptoms by patients with euthymic mood disorder. Many patients with mood disorders report subjective indicators of depression that are inconsistent with clinicians' objective ratings. This study used the self-report Beck Depressive Inventory (BDI) and the observer-rated Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) to evaluate the extent to which temperament, personality traits, and clinical

2012 Journal of Affective Disorders

51. The Brain as a Distributed Intelligent Processing System: An EEG Study (PubMed)

with WAIS (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale) and WISC (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children), and the brain activity associated with visual and verbal processing, in order to test the validity of a distributed neural basis for intelligence.The present results support these claims and the neural efficiency hypothesis. (...) The Brain as a Distributed Intelligent Processing System: An EEG Study Various neuroimaging studies, both structural and functional, have provided support for the proposal that a distributed brain network is likely to be the neural basis of intelligence. The theory of Distributed Intelligent Processing Systems (DIPS), first developed in the field of Artificial Intelligence, was proposed to adequately model distributed neural intelligent processing. In addition, the neural efficiency hypothesis

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2011 PloS one

52. Adolescents with low intelligence are at risk of functional somatic symptoms: the TRAILS study. (PubMed)

expectations.This study was performed in a general population cohort from the TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey, using data from the first wave (n = 2,230, mean age = 11.09 years, SD = .56, 50.8% girls), second wave (n = 2,149, mean age = 13.65 years, SD = .53, 51.0% girls), and third wave (n = 1,816, mean age = 16.25 years, SD = .72, 53.3% girls). Intelligence was measured using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, which resulted in an intelligence quotient (IQ) for each (...) Adolescents with low intelligence are at risk of functional somatic symptoms: the TRAILS study. Low intelligence is a risk factor for functional somatic symptoms (FSSs) in adults, but it is unknown whether a similar association exists in adolescents. We hypothesized that low intelligence may lead to FSS, and that this association is mediated by low school performance. In addition, we hypothesized that this mediation is particularly present in adolescents who perceive high parental

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2011 The Journal of Adolescent Health

53. Estimated intelligence quotient in anorexia nervosa: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. (PubMed)

in electronic databases only.In all, 30 peer-reviewed studies written in English that used well established measures of intelligence quotient (the National Adult Reading Test and Wechsler Intelligence Scales) were identified. This review established that people with anorexia nervosa score 10.8 units and 5.9 units above the average intelligence quotient of the normative population on the National Adult Reading Test and Wechsler Intelligence Scales, respectively. An association was found between Body Mass (...) Estimated intelligence quotient in anorexia nervosa: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. It has been hypothesised that people with anorexia nervosa have a higher intelligence quotient (IQ) level than the general population. The purpose of this review was to systematically appraise the research into reported IQ levels in people with anorexia nervosa.A search using the terms intelligence quotient, IQ, intelligence, cognition, eating disorders and anorexia was conducted

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2011 Annals of general psychiatry

54. Intelligence Changes Following Minor Surgery

Hospital Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Animal studies showed that many general anesthetics might result in neuron apoptosis and neurocognitive impairment in the developing brain. However results from human studies are conflicted. In present study, the investigators examined the association between early exposure to anesthesia and surgery for minor surgery and intelligence changes in adolescence using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. Condition or disease Hypospadia (...) Measures : Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children [ Time Frame: Average 5 years after surgery ] Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children will be done after surgery, the expected average of 5 years after surgery. Secondary Outcome Measures : Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist [ Time Frame: Average 5 years after surgery ] Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children will be done after surgery, the expected average of 5 years after surgery. Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library

2011 Clinical Trials

55. An intervention promoting exclusive and prolonged breast feeding improved verbal intelligence scores in children at 6.5 years

by the World Health Organisation and UNICEF. Outcomes: included Wechsler Abbreviated Scales of … Request Permissions If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways. Copyright information: 2008 by the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd for Evidence-Based Medicine and by the ACP for portions reproduced from ACP (...) An intervention promoting exclusive and prolonged breast feeding improved verbal intelligence scores in children at 6.5 years An intervention promoting exclusive and prolonged breast feeding improved verbal intelligence scores in children at 6.5 years | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log

2008 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

56. A meta-analytic assessment of Wechsler's P>V sign in antisocial populations. (PubMed)

is smallest for African-Americans and for subjects administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Among adolescents administered the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, the poorest subtests are Vocabulary and Information. It is argued that delinquency is intertwined with school failure, and that verbal-educational deficits accumulate over the course of childhood, eventually manifesting as P>V. (...) A meta-analytic assessment of Wechsler's P>V sign in antisocial populations. The dichotomy between Verbal IQ and Performance IQ was a hallmark of the Wechsler scales for over 60 years. Wechsler noted that adolescent delinquents tend to score higher on the Performance tests than the Verbal tests (P>V). A plethora of studies have examined the clinical utility of the P>V sign in juvenile delinquents. However, there have been few attempts to systematically quantify the size of this discrepancy

2010 Clinical psychology review

57. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale and Epilepsy

clearly expressed their non-opposition to participate. Exclusion Criteria: Patients below 6 years old or patients older than 16 years; with a diagnosis of ADHD predominantly hyperactive-impulsive subtype ADHD according to the DSM IV criteria; mental retardation defined by a score < 70 at the verbal comprehension index and the perceptual reasoning score of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) established diagnosis of any psychiatric co-morbidity other than ADHD (...) Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale and Epilepsy Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale and Epilepsy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Attention

2011 Clinical Trials

58. Emotionally stable, intelligent men live longer: the Vietnam experience study cohort (PubMed)

measure was based on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, which was administered during the psychological examination. Cognitive ability was measured via the Army General Technical Test given at induction and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale subtests administered during the psychological examination, approximately 17 years later. We used covariance structure modeling to analyze the data because it enabled us to conduct Cox proportional hazards analyses with latent variables and mediator (...) Emotionally stable, intelligent men live longer: the Vietnam experience study cohort To determine whether neuroticism, cognitive ability, and their interaction predicted mortality and to test whether neuroticism or cognitive ability effects were mediated by socioeconomic status (SES), physical health, mental health, or health behaviors.Participants were 4200 men followed up for > 15 years. Participants took part in telephone interviews and medical and psychological evaluations. The neuroticism

2009 EvidenceUpdates

59. The Early Motor Repertoire of Children Born Preterm Is Associated With Intelligence at School Age. (PubMed)

as normal or abnormal, from video recordings that were made at regular intervals until 17 weeks after term. At 7 to 11 years, intelligence was tested by using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children III, Dutch version. Total IQ (TIQ), verbal IQ (VIQ), and performance IQ (PIQ) scores were calculated.The median TIQ was 93 (range: 67-113), VIQ 96 (range: 68-117), and PIQ 92 (range: 65-119). Fifteen children (25%) had low TIQ scores (<85). When the quality of GMs normalized before 8 weeks after term (...) The Early Motor Repertoire of Children Born Preterm Is Associated With Intelligence at School Age. The goal was to determine whether the quality of general movements (GMs) for preterm children had predictive value for cognitive development at school age.In this prospective cohort study, 60 preterm infants (gestational age, median: 30.0 weeks [range: 25-33 weeks]; birth weight, median: 1130 g [range: 595-1800 g]) without cerebral palsy were studied. The quality of GMs was assessed prospectively

2010 Pediatrics

60. Relationship between Children’s Intelligence and Their Emotional/Behavioral Problems and Social Competence: Gender Differences in First Graders (PubMed)

Relationship between Children’s Intelligence and Their Emotional/Behavioral Problems and Social Competence: Gender Differences in First Graders The present study examines gender differences in the correlations between intelligence and developmental problems as well as social competence in first graders.Ninety parent-child dyads participated in this study. The children comprised 7-year-olds recruited from the first grade of an elementary school. All the children were administered the Wechsler (...) Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition (WISC-III), Parent-child Interaction Rating Scale (IRS), and the parent report version of Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).The findings clarified that the processing speed of boys significantly correlated with their peer relationship. On the other hand, the emotional symptoms exhibited by girls had a more common association with their intellectual abilities. The correlations between parenting and intellectual abilities differed in boys

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2010 Journal of Epidemiology

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