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Wechsler Intelligence Scale

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261. Plasma Levels of Soluble Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor 2 (sTNFR2) Are Associated with Hippocampal Volume and Cognitive Performance in Patients with Schizophrenia (PubMed)

-resistant patients. We also explored the possible association between plasma sTNFR2 levels and cognitive performance in healthy controls and patients with schizophrenia using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Third Edition, the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised, and the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test. An association between plasma sTNFR2 levels and hippocampal volume in controls and patients with schizophrenia was also investigated via MRI.We found that the plasma levels of sTNFR2 were significantly

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2018 International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

262. Processing Speed Mediates the Longitudinal Association between ADHD Symptoms and Preadolescent Peer Problems (PubMed)

and teacher reports on Swanson Nolan and Pelham-IV questionnaire. Peer problems were assessed by parent reports on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and children's intellectual functioning by the third edition of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. Linear regressions showed a significant effect of inattention on future peer problems, partially mediated by slow processing speed. These effects remained significant when ADHD status was covaried. Findings highlight the importance

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2018 Frontiers in psychology

263. Working Memory And Brain Tissue Microstructure: White Matter Tract Integrity Based On Multi-Shell Diffusion MRI (PubMed)

. In this study, we investigate the association between WM microstructure and performance on working memory tasks in healthy adults (right-handed, native English speakers). We combine compartment specific WM tract integrity (WMTI) metrics derived from multi-shell diffusion MRI as well as diffusion tensor/kurtosis imaging (DTI/DKI) metrics with Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) subtests tapping auditory working memory. WMTI is a novel tool that helps us describe the microstructural

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2018 Scientific reports

264. Limitations of a Short Demographic Questionnaire for Bedside Estimation of Patients’ Global Cognitive Functioning in Epilepsy Patients (PubMed)

Limitations of a Short Demographic Questionnaire for Bedside Estimation of Patients’ Global Cognitive Functioning in Epilepsy Patients The German socio-demographic estimation scale was developed by Jahn et al. (1) to quickly predict premorbid global cognitive functioning in patients. So far, it has been validated in healthy adults and has shown a good correlation with the full and verbal IQ of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) in this group. However, there are no data regarding its (...) use as a bedside test in epilepsy patients.Forty native German speaking adult patients with refractory epilepsy were included. They completed a neuropsychological assessment, including a nine scale short form of the German version of the WAIS-III and the German socio-demographic estimation scale by Jahn et al. (1) during their presurgical diagnostic stay in our center. We calculated means, correlations, and the rate of concordance (range ±5 and ±7.5 IQ score points) between these two measures

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2018 Frontiers in neurology

265. Intellectual Profile of Adolescents with Headache: A Case–Control Study Using the WISC-IV (PubMed)

Intellectual Profile of Adolescents with Headache: A Case–Control Study Using the WISC-IV There are few literature evidences about the intellectual profile of adolescents with headache and no study has used the fourth edition of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) in patients with a diagnosis of headache according to the ICHD-III-beta. We recruited 30 patients (age 11-14 years; male:female = 1:2) seen for headache in a tertiary center in Northern Italy and 30 healthy

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2018 Frontiers in neurology

266. The effect of hypoglycaemia on neurocognitive outcome in children and adolescents with transient or persistent congenital hyperinsulinism. (PubMed)

with similar methods. Neurodevelopment was first evaluated retrospectively. The 83 patients with no risk factors for neurological impairment other than hypoglycaemia were recruited and 44 participated (24 males, 20 females; mean age 9y 7mo, SD 3y 1mo) in neuropsychological assessment with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition and the Finnish version of the Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment, Second Edition domains of attention, language, memory, sensorimotor, and visual

2018 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

267. Neuropsychological Outcomes of Children 1 Year After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest: Secondary Analysis of 2 Randomized Clinical Trials. (PubMed)

of neurobehavioral functioning based on caregiver report (age-corrected mean [SD] scores = 100 [15]), was used to evaluate pre-CA functioning within 24 hours after enrollment; VABS-II<70 indicated significant developmental delays; VABS-II and neuropsychological testing were completed 1 year after CA. Neuropsychological testing included the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (Mullen) for children younger than 6 years and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) and neuropsychological measures (...) for these trials.Secondary analysis of 222 CA survivors aged 1 to 18 years who received chest compressions for 2 minutes or more, remained comatose and required mechanical ventilation after return of circulation, and were enrolled in targeted temperature-management trials from 41 pediatric intensive care units. Data were collected from September 3, 2009, to February 3, 2016, and analyzed from March 10, 2017, to April 20, 2018.The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition (VABS-II), a standardized measure

2018 JAMA neurology

268. Structural brain changes in perinatally HIV infected young adolescents in South Africa. (PubMed)

Checklist.HIV-infected adolescents performed worse than controls on the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI; P < 0.01). HIV-infected adolescents had significant fractional anisotropy decreases, mean diffusivity increases and decreases in cerebral grey matter volumes, cortical surface area and decreased gyrification. Whole-brain mean fractional anisotropy was significantly reduced in the HIV-infected group (P = 0.031). There were significant correlation coefficients between greater total grey (P (...) was done to determine fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity, grey and white matter volumes, cortical thickness and cortical surfractional anisotropy area. Correlation coefficients were calculated between total grey and white matter volume, cortical surface area, cortical thickness, whole brain fractional anisotropy and whole brain mean diffusivity and clinical and laboratory parameters including general intellectual functioning, Becks Youth Inventory, Child Motivation Scale and Child Behaviour

2018 AIDS

269. The Italian autism network (ITAN): a resource for molecular genetics and biomarker investigations. (PubMed)

and ADOS scales, cognitive assessment with Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children or Preschool and Primary, Leiter International Performance Scale or Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale. Additional evaluations included language assessment, the Krug Asperger's Disorder Index, and instrumental examination such as EEG and structural MRI. DNA, RNA and plasma were collected from eligible individuals and relatives. A central laboratory was established to host the biorepository, perform DNA and RNA

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2018 BMC Psychiatry

270. Participation-based Intervention on Community Participation and Parent Empowerment for Children With ASD

). Children have an IQ of at least 70 (as measured by Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children). Parents agree to participate in this study and sign the consent form. Children over 7 years should provide written consent form. Exclusion Criteria: Children with unstable physical conditions within 3 months, such as cancer, having surgery, infection, or other active medical conditions. Children have known genetic conditions (e.g., Down syndrome, Fragile X Syndrome). Children have diagnosis associated (...) and follow-up at 24 weeks ] The COPM is a measure for identifying children's participation problems and prioritizing the goals. The parents will be asked to use a 10-point rating scales (1-10: higher scores indicating better performance and higher satisfaction) to rate their perception of performance and satisfaction of the goals. Change in the Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) scores [ Time Frame: From baseline to post-intervention at 12 weeks and follow-up at 24 weeks ] The GAS is a measure for evaluating

2018 Clinical Trials

271. Psychological characteristics of caregivers of pediatric patients with chronic rheumatic disease in relation to treatment adherence. (PubMed)

and clinical factors, family functioning and treatment satisfaction.Primary caregivers of 90 patients were included. Pairs (caregiver plus patient) were grouped as presenting good adherence (n = 50) or poor adherence (n = 40) according to the Morisky Adherence Test. Psycho-cognitive aspects were evaluated by Adult Self-Report and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale tests. For statistical comparisons, quantitative variables with normal distribution were analyzed by Student's t test, and those with non (...) -Gaussian distribution with the Mann Whitney test. Categorical variables were analyzed by Chi square test. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the contribution of the independent variables to adherence.Compared to caregivers in the good adherence group, caregivers in the poor adherence group were more likely to be classified as clinical on the scales for attention problems and externalizing problems, which include impulsiveness and aggressiveness. They also scored

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2018 Pediatric Rheumatology

272. Preconception Maternal Iodine Status Is Positively Associated with IQ but Not with Measures of Executive Function in Childhood. (PubMed)

, within a prospective mother-offspring cohort.Maternal iodine status was assessed through the use of the ratio of iodine:creatinine concentrations (I/Cr) in spot urine samples [median (IQR) period before conception 3.3 y (2.2-4.7 y)]. Childhood cognitive function was assessed at age 6-7 y. Full-scale IQ was assessed via the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, and executive function through the use of tests from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB). Analyses (n = 654 (...) mother-child dyads) were adjusted for potential confounders including maternal intelligence, education, and breastfeeding duration.The median (IQR) urinary iodine concentration was 108.4 µg/L (62.2-167.8 µg/L) and the I/Cr ratio 114 µg/g (76-164 µg/g). The preconception I/Cr ratio was positively associated with child IQ, before and after adjustment for potential confounding influences [β = 0.13 (95% CI: 0.04, 0.21)/SD, P = 0.003]. 8.9% of women had a preconception urinary I/Cr ratio <50 µg/g

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2018 Journal of Nutrition

273. Functional connectivity analysis and prediction of cognitive change after carotid artery stenting. (PubMed)

before and 6 months after CAS in 8 patients. Neuropsychological tests (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale III and Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised) were administered to each patient before and 6 months after CAS. The DMN was mapped for each patient through independent component analysis of the rs-fMR images, and the correlation between FC of the DMN and post-CAS change in cognitive function was analyzed on a voxel level. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to identify preoperative factors

2018 Journal of Neurosurgery

274. Childhood adversities and psychotic symptoms: The potential mediating or moderating role of neurocognition and social cognition. (PubMed)

sampling frame was 1.119 patients with a psychotic disorder. Childhood adversity was evaluated with the Dutch version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Psychotic symptoms were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Verbal learning-memory, attention-vigilance, working memory, information processing speed, reasoning-problem solving were evaluated as measures of neurocognition using the Word Learning Task, the Continuous Performance Test, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale 3rd

2018 Schizophrenia Research

275. Cardio-respiratory fitness is associated with a verbal factor across cognitive domains in schizophrenia. (PubMed)

Cardio-respiratory fitness is associated with a verbal factor across cognitive domains in schizophrenia. We investigated whether the relationship between cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) and cognition in schizophrenia is general, or due to selective relationships between CRF and specific aspects of cognitive function.Eighty outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders participated. Neurocognition was assessed with the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale version 4 General Ability Index (WAIS

2018 Schizophrenia Research

276. A Natural History Study In Chinese Male Patients With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline, 12, 24, 30 Months ] Change from Baseline in Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) score in ambulatory subjects aged >=6 years to <=16 years [ Time Frame: Chang from baseline, 24 Months ] The WISC is individually administered intelligence test for children between ages of 6 and 16. It generates a Full Scale Intelligence Quotient. Secondary Outcome Measures : Proportion of subjects with mutation of large deletion [ Time Frame: Baseline ] Proportion (...) evaluator determined scales - Expanded Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 Months ] Change from Baseline in clinical evaluator determined scales - Northstar Ambulatory Assessment [ Time Frame: Change from baseline, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 Months ] The Northstar Ambulatory Assessment will be performed in ambulatory children >=3 years old Change from Baseline in clinical evaluator determined scales - Performance of Upper Limb [ Time Frame: Change from

2018 Clinical Trials

277. Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders: A Treatment Group and Mixed-Methods Investigation

weeks [ Time Frame: Week 1 (prior to intervention), week 6 (post-intervention) ] Will be measured with the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence - 2nd Edition (copyrighted), which results in a total raw score (full scale intellectual quotient) ranging from 0-205, and is normatively scored based on respondents' age resulting in standard scores (mean = 100). Higher values indicate a higher level of intellect. Baseline performance validity [ Time Frame: Week 1 (prior to intervention) ] Measured (...) performance. Change from baseline auditory working memory at 6 weeks [ Time Frame: Week 1 (prior to intervention), week 6 (post-intervention) ] Measured with the Digit Span subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - 4th Edition (copyrighted), which results in three subtests (Digit Span Forward, Digit Span Backward, and Digit Span Sequencing), each ranging from a raw score of 0-16 and scored normatively resulting in scaled score (mean = 10). Higher scores indicate better performance. Change from

2018 Clinical Trials

278. Decompressive Craniectomy for Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Children With Refractory Intracranial Hypertension

[ Time Frame: at 1 year and 2 years after inclusion ] neuropsychological assessment at one year and at two years using the Wechsler intelligence scales. the Wechsler intelligence scales are a Intelligence Quotient tests. Five standard tests are done to evaluate: the verbal comprehension index, the fluid reasoning index, the working memory index, and the processing speed index, as well as a total Intelligence Quotient. Classification of performance for scaled index scores are as follows: Below Average (...) of the patients at 2 years [ Time Frame: two years after surgery ] Functional neurological status (equating with success of the treatment) will be measure by the Glasgow Outcomes Scale-Extended Pediatric version. Extended GOS (GOSE) provides detailed categorization into eight categories by subdividing the categories of severe disability, moderate disability and good recovery into a lower and upper category. the GOSE range from 1 to 8 (Upper Good Recovery to Death). A score from 3 defines satisfactory

2018 Clinical Trials

279. Skin Cancer Prevention With Nicotinamide in Transplant Recipients

standard deviation of Animal Naming Task scores (substudy) [ Time Frame: 1 year ] Animal Naming Task, a verbal fluency task, measures the total number of animals named in one minute, with a higher number representing better verbal fluency Pooled standard deviation of cognitive test scores (substudy) [ Time Frame: 1 year ] Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised, Digit Span subtest, a number sequencing memory test, measures the number of correctly repeated sequences with maximum score of 48

2018 Clinical Trials

280. Does cognition-specific computer training have better clinical outcomes than non-specific computer training? A single-blind, randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

 = 39).The NCT group underwent NCT using Nintendo Wii for improving functional performance, while the CCT group underwent CCT using CoTras for improving function of the cognitive domain specifically. Subjects in both groups received 30-minute intervention three times a week for 10 weeks.To identify effects on cognitive function, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) digit span subtests, Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), Trail Making Test-Part B (TMT-B), Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure

2018 Clinical rehabilitation

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