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Waist-to-Hip Ratio

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1. Changes in distributions of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio over an 18-year period among Chinese adults: a longitudinal study using quantile regression. (PubMed)

Changes in distributions of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio over an 18-year period among Chinese adults: a longitudinal study using quantile regression. Little is known about the long-term shifts in distributions of three abdominal-obesity-related indicators, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) among Chinese adults. Traditional mean regression models used in the previous analyses were limited in their ability

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2019 BMC Public Health

2. Methylation loci associated with body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio in Chinese adults: an epigenome-wide analysis. (PubMed)

Methylation loci associated with body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio in Chinese adults: an epigenome-wide analysis.

2016 Lancet

3. The Independent Associations between Walk Score® and Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status, Waist Circumference, Waist-To-Hip Ratio and Body Mass Index Among Urban Adults (PubMed)

The Independent Associations between Walk Score® and Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status, Waist Circumference, Waist-To-Hip Ratio and Body Mass Index Among Urban Adults Background: Environmental and policy factors can influence weight status via facilitating or discouraging physical activity and healthy diet. Despite mixed evidence, some findings suggest that the neighborhood built environment, including “walkability”, is associated with overweight and obesity. Most of these findings (...) have measured body mass index (BMI), yet other weight status measures including waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip (W-H) ratio are also predictive of health outcomes, independent of BMI. Our study aim was to estimate the associations between walkability, measured using Walk Score®, and each of WC, W-H ratio, and BMI among urban Canadian adults. Methods: In 2014, n = 851 adults recruited from 12 structurally and socioeconomic diverse neighborhoods (Calgary, Alberta, Canada) provided

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2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

4. Waist-To-Hip Ratio vs. Body Mass Index as a Predictor of Total Mortality for People with Normal Weight and Central Obesity

Waist-To-Hip Ratio vs. Body Mass Index as a Predictor of Total Mortality for People with Normal Weight and Central Obesity "Waist-To-Hip Ratio vs. Body Mass Index as a Predictor of Total Mortali" by David Smith < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-13-2016 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies First Advisor Jennifer Van Atta Second Advisor AnnjanetteSommers Rights . Abstract Background: Obesity has become one of the greatest (...) the proper treatment and preventative measures because they have a normal BMI and excess abdominal adipose tissue. This has lead researchers to investigate whether waist-to-hip ratio or BMI is a better predictor of total mortality in people who have a visceral fat distribution. Methods: An exhaustive search of the following databases was performed using MEDLINE (Ovid), Google Scholar, and Web of Science using the key terms: normal weight central obesity, healthy, abdominal obesity, and mortality

2016 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

5. Alterations in body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio in never and minimally treated patients with psychosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Alterations in body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio in never and minimally treated patients with psychosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity is up to 4 times higher in patients with schizophrenia than in the general population. However, the link between obesity and schizophrenia in the absence of antipsychotic use is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to examine differences in obesity measures (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR

2019 Schizophrenia Research

6. Association of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio with brain structure: UK Biobank study. (PubMed)

Association of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio with brain structure: UK Biobank study. To examine the association of body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with brain volume.We used cross-sectional data from the UK Biobank study (n = 9,652, age 55.4 ± 7.5 years, 47.9% men). Measures included BMI, WHR, and total fat mass as ascertained from bioimpedance. Brain images were produced with structural MRI.After adjustment for a range of covariates, higher levels of all obesity

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2019 Neurology

7. Genetic Association of Waist-to-Hip Ratio With Cardiometabolic Traits, Type 2 Diabetes, and Coronary Heart Disease. (PubMed)

Genetic Association of Waist-to-Hip Ratio With Cardiometabolic Traits, Type 2 Diabetes, and Coronary Heart Disease. In observational studies, abdominal adiposity has been associated with type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD). Whether these associations represent causal relationships remains uncertain.To test the association of a polygenic risk score for waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) adjusted for body mass index (BMI), a measure of abdominal adiposity, with type 2 diabetes and CHD through (...) , 1.3-2.4]; number of participants with CHD outcome, 66 440).A genetic predisposition to higher waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index was associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. These results provide evidence supportive of a causal association between abdominal adiposity and these outcomes.

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2017 JAMA

8. Vitamin D supplementation improves waist-to-hip ratio and fasting blood glucose in vitamin D deficient, overweight or obese Asians: A pilot secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Vitamin D supplementation improves waist-to-hip ratio and fasting blood glucose in vitamin D deficient, overweight or obese Asians: A pilot secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial. Recent trials do not support a role for vitamin D supplementation in prevention or treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, although effects may differ in Asian populations. In this pilot secondary analysis of a placebo-controlled randomised trial of overweight or obese individuals with low 25 (...) in insulin sensitivity (M-value) assessed by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. Secondary outcomes were changes in 25(OH)D (chemiluminescent immunoassay), fasting blood glucose (YSI Stat 2300), and body composition including waist-hip ratio and total body fat percentage (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry). Questionnaires assessed sun-exposure habits, physical activity, and diet. After the 16-week intervention, 25(OH)D concentrations increased significantly in the vitamin D group with no change in placebo

2019 The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology Controlled trial quality: predicted high

9. Genome-wide association studies in East Asians identify new loci for waist-hip ratio and waist circumference. (PubMed)

Genome-wide association studies in East Asians identify new loci for waist-hip ratio and waist circumference. Sixty genetic loci associated with abdominal obesity, measured by waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip ratio (WHR), have been previously identified, primarily from studies conducted in European-ancestry populations. We conducted a meta-analysis of associations of abdominal obesity with approximately 2.5 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) among 53,052 (for WC) and 48,312

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2017 Scientific reports

10. Relation of Waist-Hip Ratio to Long-Term Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease. (PubMed)

Relation of Waist-Hip Ratio to Long-Term Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease. We aimed to assess the association between measures of obesity and outcomes in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. We included consecutive patients referred to cardiac rehabilitation for previous CAD events, who were classified using body mass index (BMI) groups and gender-specific tertiles of waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Follow-up was ascertained using a population-based, record linkage (...) was 5.7 years and 415 patients had MACE. After adjustment, a high WHR tertile was a significant predictor for MACE in women (hazard ratio [HR] 1.85, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.16, 2.94, p = 0.01) but not in men (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.69, 1.22, p = 0.54). This relation in women persisted after further adjustment for BMI (HR 1.75, 95% CI 1.07, 2.87, p = 0.03). Obesity by BMI was not associated with MACE in either men (HR 1.07, 95% CI 0.76, 1.51, p = 0.69) or women (HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.62, 1.56, p = 0.95

2018 American Journal of Cardiology

11. Body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio and cognitive function among Chinese elderly: a cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio and cognitive function among Chinese elderly: a cross-sectional study. To investigate the associations between body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and cognitive function among Chinese elderly.Cross-sectional study.Community.Data were obtained from the baseline survey of a community-based cohort in Zhejiang Province, and 9326 persons aged 60 years and older were enrolled.We investigated the association between BMI and cognition, and then explored

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2018 BMJ open

12. Waist-to-hip ratio and mortality in heart failure. (PubMed)

Waist-to-hip ratio and mortality in heart failure. A higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with better survival in heart failure (HF) patients, also known as the obesity paradox. However, BMI does not account for body composition. We therefore analysed the association between abdominal fat, measured via waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), BMI and all-cause mortality in patients with HF.For this analysis, 1738 patients from the Scottish BIOlogy Study to TAilored Treatment in Chronic Heart Failure (...) (BIOSTAT-CHF) validation study were included. Patients without waist and hip measurements were excluded. WHR was defined as waist circumference/hip circumference, divided into tertiles and split for sex. A linear regression of principal components from an extensive panel of biomarkers was performed to provide insight in the pathophysiology behind a higher WHR. In total, 1479 patients were included, of which 33% were female and mean age was 75 ±11 years. A higher WHR was independently associated

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2018 European Journal of Heart Failure

13. A Waist Hip Ratio Surrogate More Predictive than BMI of Wound Complications Following Pelvic and Acetabulum Surgery. (PubMed)

A Waist Hip Ratio Surrogate More Predictive than BMI of Wound Complications Following Pelvic and Acetabulum Surgery. To determine whether a novel surrogate of waist-hip ratio (WHR) is more predictive of wound complications after pelvis or acetabulum stabilization than body mass index (BMI) and describe the method of measuring a WHR proxy (WHRp).Retrospective review.One Level 1 Trauma Center.One hundred sixty-one patients after operative repair of pelvis and acetabulum fractures.Operative (...) < 0.007) and WHRp (P < 0.001) as continuous variables and female sex (P < 0.009) were associated with wound complications. Applying unadjusted continuous data to a receiver operating characteristic curve revealed a greater area under the curve for WHRp than for BMI (P < 0.001). The optimal predictive WHRp was ≥1.0 (P < 0.001, odds ratio 43.11). The receiver operating characteristic curve from adjusted data demonstrated a greater area under the curve for WHRp ≥1.0 (0.93) compared with BMI ≥30 (0.78

2018 Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma

14. Waist-hip ratio related genetic loci are associated with risk of impaired fasting glucose in Chinese children: a case control study (PubMed)

Waist-hip ratio related genetic loci are associated with risk of impaired fasting glucose in Chinese children: a case control study The meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies identified several waist-hip ratio (WHR) related loci in individuals of European ancestry. Since the pattern of fat distribution and the relationship between fat distribution and glucose metabolism disturbance in Chinese are different from those in Europeans, the present study aimed to explore the individual

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2018 Nutrition & metabolism

15. Measurement matters: higher waist-to-hip ratio but not body mass index is associated with deficits in executive functions and episodic memory (PubMed)

Measurement matters: higher waist-to-hip ratio but not body mass index is associated with deficits in executive functions and episodic memory The current study aimed to reconcile the inconsistent findings between obesity, executive functions, and episodic memory by addressing major limitations of previous studies, including overreliance on body mass index (BMI), small sample sizes, and failure to control for confounds.Participants consisted of 3,712 midlife adults from the Cognitive Project (...) of the National Survey of Midlife Development. Executive functions and episodic memory were measured by a battery of cognitive function tests.We found that higher waist-to-hip ratio was associated with deficits in both executive functions and episodic memory, above and beyond the influence of demographics, comorbid health issues, health behaviors, personality traits, and self-perceived obesity. However, higher BMI was not associated with deficits in executive functions and episodic memory. More importantly

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2018 PeerJ

16. Waist-hip ratio as a predictor of myocardial infarction risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Waist-hip ratio as a predictor of myocardial infarction risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Several studies have identified that obesity and being overweight can increase the risk of developing myocardial infarction (MI). However, the predictive value of the central obesity index, that is, the waist-hip ratio (WHR), regarding MI risk remains unclear. This study aimed to provide a systematic review and meta-analysis of WHR as a predictor of MI incidence.This study used relevant keywords (...) and MeSH terms to identify studies of MI risk and WHR from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane databases in November 2017.We conducted a meta-analysis of 12 case-control studies in 14 eligible trials and further explored whether the predictive value of WHR on MI risk varies according to sex. The results showed that a high WHR increased MI risk (pooled odds ratio [OR] 2.62, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.02-3.39, P < 0.00001) and that elevated WHR is more strongly predictive of MI in women than

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2018 Medicine

17. Genetic contribution to waist-to-hip ratio in Mexican children and adolescents based on 12 loci validated in European adults. (PubMed)

Genetic contribution to waist-to-hip ratio in Mexican children and adolescents based on 12 loci validated in European adults. The prevalence of abdominal obesity in Mexican children has risen dramatically in the past decade. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) performed predominantly in European descent adult  populations have identified multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with larger effects in women. The contribution of these SNPs to WHR in non

2018 International Journal of Obesity

18. Interaction of body mass index or waist-to-hip ratio and sun exposure associated with nonmelanoma skin cancer: A prospective study from the Women's Health Initiative. (PubMed)

Interaction of body mass index or waist-to-hip ratio and sun exposure associated with nonmelanoma skin cancer: A prospective study from the Women's Health Initiative. The incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) exceeds the incidence of all other types of cancers combined. Cumulative sun exposure and intermittent sun exposure are known risk factors for the development of NMSC. Because obesity has been shown to decrease the risk of NMSC incidence, this study investigated whether the risk (...) of NMSC with sun exposure was consistent across different levels of body size.Body size was assessed with the body mass index (BMI) and the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Sun exposure was assessed in watts and langleys and by the amount of time spent outdoors per day in the summer during a person's 30s.Among 71,645 postmenopausal women eligible for inclusion in this study, 13,351 participants (18.6%) developed NMSC. A BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 or a WHR ≥ 0.80 was associated with lower NMSC hazard rates (hazard ratio

2018 Cancer

19. Abdominal Obesity Indicators: Waist Circumference or Waist-to-hip Ratio in Malaysian Adults Population (PubMed)

Abdominal Obesity Indicators: Waist Circumference or Waist-to-hip Ratio in Malaysian Adults Population Waist circumference (WC) is an accurate and simple measure of abdominal obesity as compared to waist-hip ratio (WHR). The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between body mass index (BMI) with WC and WHR and suggest cutoff points for WC among Rural Malaysian adults.A cross-sectional study was conducted among 669 respondents from three villages in Tanjung Karang, located

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2016 International journal of preventive medicine

20. Social determinants of common metabolic risk factors (high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high body mass index and high waist-hip ratio) of major non-communicable diseases in South Asia region: a systematic review protocol. (PubMed)

Social determinants of common metabolic risk factors (high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high body mass index and high waist-hip ratio) of major non-communicable diseases in South Asia region: a systematic review protocol. Prevalence of non-communicable diseases has been increasing at a greater pace in developing countries and, in particular, the South Asia region. Various behavioral, social and environmental factors present in this region perpetuate common metabolic risk factors of non

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2017 Systematic reviews

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