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Incontinence in the aged: contact dermatitis and other cutaneous consequences. Urinary and faecal incontinence affects a significant portion of the elderly population. The increase in the incidence of incontinence is not only dependent on age but also on the onset of concomitant ageing issues such as infection, polypharmacy, and decreased cognitive function. If incontinence is left untreated, a host of dermatological complications can occur, including incontinence dermatitis, dermatological (...) infections, intertrigo, vulvar folliculitis, and pruritus ani. The presence of chronic incontinence can produce a vicious cycle of skin damage and inflammation because of the loss of cutaneous integrity. Minimizing skin damage caused by incontinence is dependent on successful control of excess hydration, maintenance of proper pH, minimization of interaction between urine and faeces, and prevention of secondary infection. Even though incontinence is common in the aged, it is not an inevitable consequence
Contact dermatitis associated with the use of Always sanitary napkins. To report a clinical association between vulvar irritation or contact dermatitis and the use of Always sanitary napkins.Case series.A gynecology practice in Montreal.Women presenting between September 1991 and September 1994 with itching or burning of areas that would be in contact with a sanitary napkin (mons pubis, external surfaces of the vulva and perineum) beginning at least 1 day after the use of the napkins (...) was started and less than 5 days after the use was stopped.Twenty-eight women experienced vulvar itching and burning, often associated with eruptions resembling contact dermatitis, of the vulvar and perineal surfaces after using Always sanitary napkins. Twenty-six reported that symptoms disappeared after they stopped using that brand of sanitary napkin. Seven women who later used the same brand again reported a recurrence of the vulvar irritation.The findings of this case series reveal Always sanitary
Clobetasol Versus Pimecrolimus for Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus Clobetasol Versus Pimecrolimus for Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Clobetasol Versus Pimecrolimus (...) for Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00393263 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : October 27, 2006 Last Update Posted : May 12, 2014 Sponsor: Center for Vulvovaginal Disorders Collaborator: Novartis Information provided by (Responsible Party): Andrew T
-randomization laboratory testing should fail to identify atrophic vaginitis, dermatitis such as vulvar dystrophy, or pathogens such as fungus, or herpes. The candidate should not report use tricyclic-class or topical lidocaine within 30 days of the study. Candidates will need to be capable of keeping adequate records and demonstrate reliability in use of medication. If the candidate is premenopausal, adequate contraception will be necessary including oral contraceptives, barrier method, progestational (...) Vulvar Vestibulitis Clinical Trial: Desipramine-Lidocaine Vulvar Vestibulitis Clinical Trial: Desipramine-Lidocaine - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Vulvar Vestibulitis Clinical Trial
A rare case of vulvar endometriosis in an adolescent girl. To describe a case of vulvar endometriosis in a teenager after a history of vulvar ulcers in the same location.Case report.University medical center.A 13-year-old girl with a history of vulvar ulcers.NoneA 13-yr-old female presented with painful, open vulvar ulcerations on the inner side of her labia minora. Biopsy revealed dermatitis with ulceration. One year later she noted an ulcer and blood in her undergarments. Biopsy results were (...) consistent with endometriosis. Five years later, the lesions persisted and bled during menses. A bilateral labial excision was performed. Pathology again revealed endometriosis.Vulvar endometriosis is extremely unusual. This rare case of vulvar endometriosis in the same location as a previous vulvar ulcer is most likely due to ectopic transplantation of endometrial cells during a menstrual cycle. Excision is considered definitive treatment.
[Clobetasol vs. testosterone in the treatment of lichen sclerosus of the vulvar region]. The paper describes a study carried out in 40 patients affected by lichen sclerosus (LS) of the vulva. The mean age of patients was 60.9 years (range 27-83) and 31 were in menopause. Patients were divided randomly into two groups of 20. The symptoms (itching, burning, pain, dyspareunia), clinical aspects (atrophy, hyperkeratosis, sclerosis) and histological alterations (atrophy of the epithelium, edema (...) of clinical aspects and histological alterations, and did not cause any noteworthy collateral effects, especially contact dermatitis. In the context of the objective parameters examined in this study, sclerosis and hyperkeratosis were easily modified by corticosteroid treatment in comparison to atrophy, especially in those patients with a longer duration of disease.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Thalidomide in refractory vulvar ulcerations associated with Crohn's disease. We report a case of recurrent vulvar ulcerations developed on vegetations associated with Crohn's disease. Lesions responded to low-dose thalidomide treatment. A biopsy revealed a neutrophilic infiltrate with rare giant cells. Vulvar manifestations were consistent with metastatic Crohn's disease or with a reactive neutrophilic dermatitis. Thalidomide reduces the activity of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha (...) by accelerating the degradation of its mRNA. Nowadays, it has become a promising drug in a broad variety of disorders in which TNF-alpha seems to play a pivotal role, including inflammatory bowel diseases. This is the first case report presenting the efficacy of thalidomide in the treatment of vulvar involvement in Crohn's disease.Copyright 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel
The role of vulvar skin biopsy in the evaluation of chronic vulvar pain. Sixty-one percent of refractory vulvodynia patients evaluated in a tertiary care vulvovaginal clinic had clinically relevant dermatoses based on dermatopathologist-analyzed vulvar biopsy including: lichen sclerosus, allergic/irritant dermatitis, lichen planus, and other inflammatory or neoplastic dermatoses. Given the frequency of dermatologic disease, vulvar biopsy and analysis by a dermatopathologist are recommended
feasible, we are investigating new and modified cutaneous test methods to increase the degree of conservatism of the safety assessment. To this end, we have 1) developed a method to assess chemical and frictional effects by means of repeated application to the popliteal fossa (the behind-the-knee test); 2) modified the quantitative risk assessment for the induction of allergic contact dermatitis; and 3) proposed a modified human repeat insult patch test for assessing materials intended for vulvar (...) The vulvar epithelium differs from the skin: implications for cutaneous testing to address topical vulvar exposures. Vulvar tissue is more permeable than exposed skin due to differences in structure, occlusion, hydration and susceptibility to friction. The safety assessment of products that contact the vulva should account for this potentially heightened permeability. Standard clinical patch tests may not sufficiently mimic vulvar exposures. Because testing on the vulva is not routinely
Vulvar dermatoses--irritant and allergic contact dermatitis of the vulva. Irritant and allergic contact dermatitis are commonly seen in patients complaining about itching, burning and irritation in the vulvar area. Irritation often precedes allergic sensitization. Clinically, irritant and allergic contact dermatitis can be difficult to distinguish. Diagnosis is made by history, clinical investigation and patch testing. Recommended patch test series are the standard series, a medicament series (...) , the patient's own topical medicaments, popular remedies and other suspected products. A skin biopsy may be useful to establish the diagnosis of contact dermatitis, but it is usually not helpful for the differential diagnosis between irritant and allergic dermatitis.
Multiple parameter assessment of vulvar irritant contact dermatitis. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL), capacitance, pH, blood flow and color reflectance were evaluated for quantifying the irritant response of vulvar and forearm skin to 3% sodium lauryl sulfate in 9 healthy premenopausal women. TEWL, capacitance, pH, blood flow, and all parameters of color reflectance changed significantly in forearm irritant dermatitis. In vulvar irritant dermatitis, however, significant changes were observed (...) only for blood flow and the color reflectance parameters a* and b*. Using the combination of TEWL, capacitance and blood flow, forearm irritant dermatitis was detected with a sensitivity of 84% and a specificity of 100%. In this study, the best combination of parameters to detect vulvar irritant dermatitis was pH, blood flow, a* and b*, which had a sensitivity of 78% and a specificity of 75%. It is concluded that available bioengineering techniques are less suitable to quantify irritant dermatitis
Sodium lauryl sulfate-induced irritant contact dermatitis in vulvar and forearm skin of premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Reactivity of the skin of the forearm and labia majora to three concentrations (2%, 3%, 5%) of sodium lauryl sulfate was studied in 20 healthy women, 10 premenopausal and 10 postmenopausal. Patches with the irritant were applied on day 0 for 24 hours. Skin changes were monitored by visual scoring and by the measurement of transepidermal water loss and capacitance (...) transepidermal water loss in monitoring vulvar irritant dermatitis. Age-related differences in irritant reaction are apparent in the forearm, but not the vulva.