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Vecuronium

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21. Comparison of equipotent doses of rocuronium and vecuronium (Full text)

Comparison of equipotent doses of rocuronium and vecuronium Rocuronium (R) bromide and vecuronium (V) are monoquaternary aminosteroid compounds. The aim of this study was to evaluate the onset time, conditions of intubation and duration of action of equipotent doses (3ED95) of R and V.The study was carried out in 60 adult American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1-2 patients of age 20-60 years. The patients were divided into two groups of 30 each and received either 0.9 mg/kg of R

2015 Anesthesia, essays and researches PubMed

22. Evaluation of neostigmine antagonism at different levels of vecuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade in isoflurane anesthetized dogs (Full text)

Evaluation of neostigmine antagonism at different levels of vecuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade in isoflurane anesthetized dogs Residual neuromuscular block (NMB) during recovery from general anesthesia may be minimized by antagonizing NMB with neostigmine. We examined neostigmine for restoring neuromuscular function when administered at 2 levels of vecuronium-induced NMB in dogs. Eight healthy adult dogs received vecuronium 0.1 mg/kg body weight (BW), IV, during isoflurane anesthesia (...) . Recovery from vecuronium occurred spontaneously (control group; C), or was enhanced with neostigmine, 0.04 mg/kg BW, IV, administered when 2 (N2) or 4 (N4) responses to train-of-four (TOF) stimulation were first observed. Duration of NMB was significantly shorter for N2 and N4 than for C. The period of complete NMB was equal for all groups; differences were observed during the recovery phase of NMB. Time of neostigmine-enhanced recovery was significantly shorter for N4 than N2, but overall duration

2014 The Canadian Veterinary Journal PubMed

23. Effect of bolus injection of 20 ml saline with arm elevation on the onset time of vecuronium administered via a peripheral vein: a randomised controlled trial. (Full text)

Effect of bolus injection of 20 ml saline with arm elevation on the onset time of vecuronium administered via a peripheral vein: a randomised controlled trial. We investigated whether a bolus injection of 20 ml saline with arm elevation might shorten the onset time of vecuronium administered via a dorsal hand vein. Thirty patients were randomly allocated to the bolus saline group or control group. General anaesthesia was induced and maintained with remifentanil and propofol. Vecuronium 0.1 (...) results in shortened lag time and onset time of neuromuscular block with vecuronium.© 2013 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland.

2013 Anaesthesia PubMed

24. Comparison between the Effects of Rocuronium, Vecuronium, and Cisatracurium Using Train-of-Four and Clinical Tests in Elderly Patients. (Full text)

Comparison between the Effects of Rocuronium, Vecuronium, and Cisatracurium Using Train-of-Four and Clinical Tests in Elderly Patients. Postoperative residual blockade, longer duration of action for neuromuscular blockade, and slower recovery were relatively common in elderly patients.We aimed to investigate the safety of train-of-four ratio and clinical tests in the assessment of patient recovery, and to determine the effects of the rocuronium, vecuronium, and cisatracurium on intubation (...) , extubation and recovery times in elderly patients undergoing abdominal surgery.After obtaining institutional approval and informed consent, 60 patients over 60 years old and undergoing elective abdominal operations were included in this double-blind, randomized clinical trial. Following a standard anesthesia induction, 0.6mg kg-1 rocuronium, 0.1mg kg-1 vecuronium, and 0.1mg kg-1 cisatracurium were administered to the patients in Group R, Group V, and Group C, respectively. Train-of-four (TOF) ratios were

2013 Anesthesiology and pain medicine PubMed

25. Vecuronium pharmacokinetics in patients with major burns. (Full text)

Vecuronium pharmacokinetics in patients with major burns. Burn patients develop resistance to non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents (NDNMBAs) and require a significantly large dose to produce a desired clinical response. Pathophysiological changes related to burn injury may alter pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics of NDNMBAs. The purpose of this study was to compare vecuronium PK in burns vs non-burns.Twenty adults, aged 23-58 yr, with 27-81% total body surface area (TBSA) burn (...) , were studied at 4-57 post-burn days and compared with age- and sex-matched, non-burn controls. Vecuronium 0.12 mg kg(-1) was given i.v. as a single bolus within 10 s. Blood samples (n=20) were collected over 12 h at predetermined time points. NONMEM was used to describe plasma drug concentration-time profiles for burns and non-burns.A three-compartment model best described vecuronium concentration-time profiles. Burn patients showed enhanced distributional clearance at the terminal phase (0.12 vs

2013 British Journal of Anaesthesia PubMed

26. Pharmacodynamic changes with vecuronium in sepsis are associated with expression of α7- and γ-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in an experimental rat model of neuromyopathy. (Full text)

Pharmacodynamic changes with vecuronium in sepsis are associated with expression of α7- and γ-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in an experimental rat model of neuromyopathy. Resistance to non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents induced by sepsis is associated with the qualitative change in the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR). This study aims to investigate the effects of sepsis on the neuromuscular block properties of vecuronium in relation to the expression of fetal (...) and neuronal α7 type nAChR.Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham and sepsis groups. Sepsis was induced by caecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The rats were injected i.v. with ulinastatin or normal saline on Day 10. Neuromuscular block properties of vecuronium were evaluated and neuromuscular function was assessed by electromyography on Days 1, 3, 7, and 14 after CLP. Expression of fetal and neuronal type α7-nAChR on the tibialis anterior muscle was assessed using immunohistochemistry

2013 British Journal of Anaesthesia PubMed

27. Study of 0.5% lidocaine alone and combination of 0.25% lidocaine with fentanyl and vecuronium in intravenous regional anesthesia for upper limb surgeries. (Full text)

Study of 0.5% lidocaine alone and combination of 0.25% lidocaine with fentanyl and vecuronium in intravenous regional anesthesia for upper limb surgeries. Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) for upper limb surgeries with traditional high dose of lidocaine can lead to life threatening side effects. In order to avoid these potential life threatening side effects, many modified techniques of IVRA have been attempted by using a low dose of lidocaine, muscle relaxant and opioid.The present study (...) is carried out in sixty unpremedicated ASA Class 1 and 2 patients to compare the sensory and motor characteristics, cardio-respiratory parameters and side-effects during intra-operative and post-tourniquet deflation period between the patients who received 40mL of 0.5% lidocaine alone (n=30) and those who received a combination of 40mL of 0.25% lidocaine with 0.05mg fentanyl and 0.5mg vecuronium (n=30) in IVRA for upper limb orthopedic surgeries. The results were analyzed for statistical significance

2013 Revista brasileira de anestesiologia PubMed

28. Effect of bolus injection of 20 ml saline with arm elevation on the onset time of vecuronium administered via a peripheral vein: a randomised controlled trial. (Full text)

Effect of bolus injection of 20 ml saline with arm elevation on the onset time of vecuronium administered via a peripheral vein: a randomised controlled trial. We investigated whether a bolus injection of 20 ml saline with arm elevation might shorten the onset time of vecuronium administered via a dorsal hand vein. Thirty patients were randomly allocated to the bolus saline group or control group. General anaesthesia was induced and maintained with remifentanil and propofol. Vecuronium 0.1 (...) results in shortened lag time and onset time of neuromuscular block with vecuronium.© 2013 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland.

2013 Anaesthesia PubMed

29. Comparison of intubating conditions and haemodynamic effects of rocuronium with vecuronium in patients with poor left ventricular ejection fraction undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. (PubMed)

Comparison of intubating conditions and haemodynamic effects of rocuronium with vecuronium in patients with poor left ventricular ejection fraction undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. To compare the haemodynamic effects and intubating conditions of rocuronium and vecuronium, 20 patients of either sex with poor left ventricular function (ejection fraction <35%) scheduled for coronary artery bypass surgery were randomly divided into two equal groups. All patients were premedicated (...) with lorazepam and morphine and induced with morphine, midazolam, thiopentone and either vecuronium (0.1 mg/kg) or rocuronium (0.6 mg/kg) as muscle relaxant. All patients were intubated after 3 minutes in the vecuronium group and 90 seconds in the rocuronium group by the same anaesthesiologist. Monitoring in all cases included neuromuscular (train of four- TOF), systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures, cardiac output and calculated haemodynamic variables. Demographic (age, sex and mean ejection fraction

2012 Annals of cardiac anaesthesia

30. Anaphylaxis to vecuronium: A rare event (Full text)

Anaphylaxis to vecuronium: A rare event 22923844 2012 10 02 2018 11 13 0976-2817 56 3 2012 May Indian journal of anaesthesia Indian J Anaesth Anaphylaxis to vecuronium: A rare event. 314-5 10.4103/0019-5049.98799 Chowdhry Vivek V Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, CARE Hospital, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India. Debasish Giri G Dharmajivan Samantaray S eng Journal Article India Indian J Anaesth 0013243 0019-5049 2012 8 28 6 0 2012 8 28 6 0 2012 8 28 6 1 ppublish

2012 Indian journal of anaesthesia PubMed

31. Reversal of profound rocuronium or vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block with sugammadex in isoflurane-anaesthetised dogs. (PubMed)

Reversal of profound rocuronium or vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block with sugammadex in isoflurane-anaesthetised dogs. This study evaluated the use of sugammadex for reversal of profound neuromuscular blockade induced with rocuronium or vecuronium in dogs. Anaesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen in eight dogs on two occasions. Neuromuscular blockade was monitored using peroneal nerve stimulation and acceleromyography. Rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg or vecuronium 0.1mg/kg (...) was administered intravenously (IV), followed 5 min later by sugammadex 8 mg/kg IV. Lag and onset time of rocuronium and vecuronium, lag time from sugammadex injection to recovery of first twitch response, recovery of T1/T0 to 25% and 75%, recovery index, and time to recovery of the train-of-four ratio (T4/T1) to 0.9 were recorded. Cardiovascular and respiratory parameters were also noted. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA. Onset time for rocuronium (37 ± 18s; [mean ± SD

2012 Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)

32. The pharmacodynamics of vecuronium in chronic renal failure patients: the impact of different priming doses. (Full text)

The pharmacodynamics of vecuronium in chronic renal failure patients: the impact of different priming doses. The concept of priming was introduced to facilitate a faster onset of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocker for endotracheal intubation. Vecuronium is still very much in use for most chronic renal failure patients posted for renal transplantation. The aim of this study was to examine the pharmacodynamics of vecuronium without and with preceding different small doses.One hundred chronic (...) renal failure patients were assigned into four groups according to the used vecuronium priming regimen. The first control group (V(0)-group), where no priming dose was given. The other three priming groups (V(10)- , V(15)- , and V(20)-groups), where 10%, 15%, and 20% of ED(95) of vecuronium were administrated 5 min prior to the remaining intubating dose (2 × ED(95)) of vecuronium. Neuromuscular blockade was measured via acceleromyographic response of the ulnar nerve. Train-of-four (TOF) ratio

2012 Renal failure PubMed

33. A comparison of three induction regimens using succinylcholine, vecuronium, or no muscle relaxant: impact on the intraoperative monitoring of the lateral spread response in hemifacial spasm surgery: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. (Full text)

A comparison of three induction regimens using succinylcholine, vecuronium, or no muscle relaxant: impact on the intraoperative monitoring of the lateral spread response in hemifacial spasm surgery: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Surgical microvascular decompression (MVD) is the curative treatment for hemifacial spasm (HFS). Monitoring MVD by recording the lateral spread response (LSR) intraoperatively can predict a successful clinical outcome. However, the rate of the LSR (...) varies between trials, and the reason for this variation is unclear. The aim of our trial is to evaluate the rate of the LSR after intubation following treatment with succinylcholine, vecuronium, or no muscle relaxant.This trial is a prospective randomised controlled trial of 96 patients with HFS (ASA status I or II) undergoing MVD under general anaesthesia. Patients are randomised to receive succinylcholine, vecuronium, or no muscle relaxant before intubation. Intraoperative LSR will be recorded

2012 Trials PubMed

34. Comparison of the Effects of Vecuronium and Cisatracurium on Electrophysiologic Monitoring During Neurosurgery

Comparison of the Effects of Vecuronium and Cisatracurium on Electrophysiologic Monitoring During Neurosurgery Comparison of the Effects of Vecuronium and Cisatracurium on Electrophysiologic Monitoring During Neurosurgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved (...) studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Comparison of the Effects of Vecuronium and Cisatracurium on Electrophysiologic Monitoring During Neurosurgery The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01690364 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : September 21, 2012

2012 Clinical Trials

35. Vecuronium

Vecuronium Vecuronium Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Vecuronium Vecuronium Aka: Vecuronium , Norcuron II. Precautions (...) Used only in anesthesia, emergency and intensive care Airway and respiratory control is critical after use s do not alter Must be used with sedation and analgesia III. Indication Paralysis in IV. Preparations Vecuronium 1 mg/ml after reconstituted with 10 ml saline or sterile water to 10 mg/10 ml V. Mechanism Structurally similar to Same steroid nucleus Tertiary Nitrogen at position 2 is only difference Significantly different effects than Duration of action is half that of Hepatic excretion

2015 FP Notebook

36. Vecuronium and fentanyl requirement in abdominal surgery under combined epidural-general anaesthesia and general anaesthesia alone. (PubMed)

Vecuronium and fentanyl requirement in abdominal surgery under combined epidural-general anaesthesia and general anaesthesia alone. Individual effect of epidural block and general anaesthesia is well established in the field of anaesthesiology. But adequate literature is yet not available to give decisive answer regarding the requirement of muscle relaxants and opioid analgesic when the two methods are combined together. In the present study, sixty patients, aged 18-50 years of both sexes (...) transmission and subsequently to administer incremental dose of neuromuscular blocking drugs. All the patients were pre-medicated with fentanyl (2μg/kg) to reduce intubation reflex. Then the patients of both groups were pre-oxygenated for 3 minute and anaesthesia was induced with thiopental sodium 3-5 mg/kg body weight. Endotrachial intubation was facilitated by vecuronium 0.1mg/kg body weight. Anaesthesia was maintained with 60% N2O in O2 and halothane (0.4 to 0.8%). Fentanyl was given in incremental dose

2012 Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ

37. Comparison of intubating conditions of rocuronium bromide and vecuronium bromide with succinylcholine using "timing principle". (PubMed)

Comparison of intubating conditions of rocuronium bromide and vecuronium bromide with succinylcholine using "timing principle". Rapid and safe endotracheal intubation is of paramount importance in general anaesthesia. The aim of this study was to compare the intubating conditions of succinylcholine with rocuronium bromide and vecuronium bromide using "Timing principle". The timing principle entails administration of a single bolus dose of nondepolarizing muscle relaxant, followed (...) by an induction drug at the onset of clinical weakness. PATIENTS #ENTITYSTARTX00026;75 patients were divided into three groups of 25 each. Patients allocated to Groups A and B received rocuronium 0.6 mg kg(-1) and vecuronium 0.12 mg kg(-1) respectively. At the onset of clinical weakness (ptosis), anesthesia was induced with propofol 2.5 mg kg(-1); intubation was accomplished after 60 seconds of induction agent in both groups. Patients in Group C received propofol 2.5mg kg(-1) followed by succinylcholine 2mg

2011 Journal of anaesthesiology, clinical pharmacology

38. [Comparison of atracurium, cisatracurium and vecuronium during anaesthesia for laparoscopic surgery]. (PubMed)

[Comparison of atracurium, cisatracurium and vecuronium during anaesthesia for laparoscopic surgery]. The aim of the study was to compare the intubating conditions, onset time, and duration of action of atracurium, cisatracurium, and vecuronium, when used for muscle relaxation in laparoscopic surgery with carbon dioxide inflation. In trying to find an "ideal" relaxant we compared the relative potency of these drugs, and also measured pH, PaCO2 and skin temperature.Ninety-five ASA I and II (...) patients were randomly allocated to three groups, to receive atracurium (I), cisatracurium (II), or vecuronium (III), during propofol/fentanyl anaesthesia. Neuromuscular transmission was monitored using accelerography (TOF GUARD). Patients were intubated after the injection of 0.5 mg kg-1 atracurium (I), 0.1 mg kg(-1) cisatracurium (II), or 0.1 mg kg(-1) vecuronium (III). Muscle relaxation was maintained with incremental doses of 0.1 0.2 mg kg(-1) and 0.03 mg kg(-1) of the relaxants respectively, given

2011 Anestezjologia intensywna terapia

39. Effect of epidural levobupivacaine on recovery from vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block in patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery. (Full text)

Effect of epidural levobupivacaine on recovery from vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block in patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of epidural levobupivacaine on recovery from vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block. Ninety patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery were randomised into two groups after an epidural test dose: the epidural group (n = 45) received a bolus of 15 ml of 0.5% levobupivacaine whereas the control group (n = 45 (...) ) did not. Anaesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol, fentanyl, vecuronium and nitrous oxide. Neuromuscular block was induced with vecuronium 0.1 mg/kg and monitored with acceleromyographic train-of-four at the adductor pollicis. Patients in each group received neostigmine at 25% recovery of the first twitch of train-of-four during recovery from anaesthesia. The effect of epidural levobupivacaine on the speed of recovery of neuromuscular function was evaluated. The lag time, onset time

2011 Anaesthesia and intensive care PubMed

40. Continuous Infusion versus Intermittent Bolus Dosing of Vecuronium in Patients Receiving Therapeutic Hypothermia After Sudden Cardiac Arrest. (PubMed)

Continuous Infusion versus Intermittent Bolus Dosing of Vecuronium in Patients Receiving Therapeutic Hypothermia After Sudden Cardiac Arrest. To compare the effects of vecuronium administered as an intravenous continuous infusion versus intermittent bolus doses in patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia after sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). Design. Retrospective medical record review.Cardiac care unit of a university-affiliated, level I trauma center.Of 123 adults treated with therapeutic (...) hypothermia after SCA, 80 received continuous-infusion vecuronium 0.8 μg/kg/minute started 2 hours after cooling began or if shivering occurred (January 1, 2004-December 31, 2007), and 43 received intermittent boluses of vecuronium 0.05 mg/kg every 2 hours (January 1, 2008-September 30, 2009).The degree of neuromuscular blockade was measured with a train-of-four (TOF) test. Primary outcomes evaluated were time to achieve goal TOF response and percentage of time the TOF response was maintained at goal

2011 Pharmacotherapy

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