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Urine Chloride

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1. Calibrated polyvinyl chloride tube of urine bag in urine output measurement of neonates (PubMed)

Calibrated polyvinyl chloride tube of urine bag in urine output measurement of neonates 28216712 2017 08 16 0019-5049 61 1 2017 Jan Indian journal of anaesthesia Indian J Anaesth Calibrated polyvinyl chloride tube of urine bag in urine output measurement of neonates. 80-81 10.4103/0019-5049.198399 Rameez Riaz R Department of Anaesthesia, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. Rafat Shamim S Department of Anaesthesia, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. Vansh Priya P Department

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2017 Indian journal of anaesthesia

2. Effects of low dietary cation-anion difference induced by ruminal ammonium chloride infusion on performance, serum, and urine metabolites of lactating dairy cows (PubMed)

Effects of low dietary cation-anion difference induced by ruminal ammonium chloride infusion on performance, serum, and urine metabolites of lactating dairy cows The objective of the present study was to determine ammonium chloride tolerance of lactating dairy cows, by examining effects of negative dietary cation anion difference (DCAD) induced by ruminal ammonium chloride infusion on performance, serum and urine minerals, serum metabolites and enzymes of lactating dairy cows.Four primiparous (...) lactating Chinese Holstein cows fitted with ruminal cannulas were infused with increasing amounts (0, 150, 300, or 450 g/d) of ammonium chloride in a crossover design. The DCAD of the base diet was 279 mEq/kg dry matter (DM) using the DCAD formula (Na + K - Cl - S)/kg of DM. Ammonium chloride infusion added the equivalent of 0, 128, 330, and 536 mEq/kg DM of Cl in treatments. According to the different dry matter intakes (DMI), the resulting actual DCAD of the four treatments was 279, 151, -51, and -257

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2017 Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences

3. Urine Chloride

Urine Chloride Urine Chloride Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Urine Chloride Urine Chloride Aka: Urine Chloride II (...) . Interpretation: Normal Urine Chloride: 110-250 mEq per 24 hours III. Interpretation: Increased Barter's syndrome Medications s IV. Interpretation: Decreased Chloride depletion due to Gastrointestinal Loss s Colonic villous adenoma Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Urine Chloride." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Chloride

2018 FP Notebook

4. Single urine samples are just as good as 24-hour collections for diagnosing pre-eclampsia

collected from hospital records. There were four index tests on a spot sample of urine: (1) SPCR test (conducted at the local laboratory); (2) SPCR test [conducted at the central laboratory using the benzethonium chloride (BZC) assay]; (3) SPCR test [conducted at the central laboratory using the pyrogallol red (PGR) assay]; and (4) SACR test (conducted at the central laboratory using an automated chemistry analyser). The comparator tests on 24-hour urine collection were a central test using the BZC (...) Single urine samples are just as good as 24-hour collections for diagnosing pre-eclampsia Single urine samples are just as good as 24-hour collections for diagnosing pre-eclampsia Discover Portal Discover Portal Single urine samples are just as good as 24-hour collections for diagnosing pre-eclampsia Published on 17 January 2018 doi: The urine spot albumin-creatinine ratio (which is done on a single, on-the-spot sample) reliably identified 99% of pregnant women with high blood pressure who went

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

5. Single urine samples are just as good as 24-hour collections for diagnosing pre-eclampsia

collected from hospital records. There were four index tests on a spot sample of urine: (1) SPCR test (conducted at the local laboratory); (2) SPCR test [conducted at the central laboratory using the benzethonium chloride (BZC) assay]; (3) SPCR test [conducted at the central laboratory using the pyrogallol red (PGR) assay]; and (4) SACR test (conducted at the central laboratory using an automated chemistry analyser). The comparator tests on 24-hour urine collection were a central test using the BZC (...) Single urine samples are just as good as 24-hour collections for diagnosing pre-eclampsia Single urine samples are just as good as 24-hour collections for diagnosing pre-eclampsia Discover Portal Discover Portal Single urine samples are just as good as 24-hour collections for diagnosing pre-eclampsia Published on 17 January 2018 doi: The urine spot albumin-creatinine ratio (which is done on a single, on-the-spot sample) reliably identified 99% of pregnant women with high blood pressure who went

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

6. Urine Anion Gap to Predict Urine Ammonium and Related Outcomes in Kidney Disease. (PubMed)

, potassium, chloride, phosphate, and sulfate from baseline 24-hour urine collections in 1044 African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension participants. We evaluated the cross-sectional correlations between urine ammonium, the standard urine anion gap (sodium + potassium - chloride), and a modified urine anion gap that includes urine phosphate and sulfate in the calculation. Multivariable-adjusted Cox models determined the associations of the standard urine anion gap and the modified urine (...) Urine Anion Gap to Predict Urine Ammonium and Related Outcomes in Kidney Disease. Low urine ammonium excretion is associated with ESRD in CKD. Few laboratories measure urine ammonium, limiting clinical application. We determined correlations between urine ammonium, the standard urine anion gap, and a modified urine anion gap that includes sulfate and phosphate and compared risks of ESRD or death between these ammonium estimates and directly measured ammonium.We measured ammonium, sodium

2017 Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

7. Concurrent Use of Calcium Chloride and Arginine Vasopressin Infusions in Pediatric Patients with Acute Cardiocirculatory Failure. (PubMed)

Concurrent Use of Calcium Chloride and Arginine Vasopressin Infusions in Pediatric Patients with Acute Cardiocirculatory Failure. Acute heart failure (AHF) can cause low cardiac output and poor end-organ perfusion. Inotropic agents along with vasodilators can improve organ perfusion. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) and calcium chloride (CaCl) infusions are increasingly being used in low cardiac output states in pediatric AHF. We retrospectively reviewed 77 patients (0-18 years) with AHF admitted (...) between January 2014 and May 2017 who received concurrent AVP and CaCl infusions. Surrogates of cardiac output and organ perfusion included hemodynamic vital signs, laboratory parameters, and urine output (UO). Organ dysfunction and vasopressor inotropic scores were also calculated. Median (IQR) age was 0.88 years (0, 3.75), and median weight was 6.62 kg (3.5, 13.7). Congenital heart disease was present in 70% (46/77) patients. Univentricular physiology was present in 25% (25/77) patients. None

2019 Pediatric Cardiology

8. Congenital chloride losing diarrhea: A single center experience in a highly consanguineous population. (PubMed)

Congenital chloride losing diarrhea: A single center experience in a highly consanguineous population. Congenital chloride losing diarrhea (CCLD) is a rare type of chronic watery diarrhea due to mutations in SLC26A3 gene leading to defective chloride-bicarbonate exchanges with the resultant loss of chloride and retention of bicarbonate.We aim to define pediatric Saudi CCLD patients' characteristics to achieve prompt diagnosis, management, follow up with good quality of life, and prevention (...) growth restriction and usually neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions with prematurity and its complications. Thirteen patients were discharged without diagnosis of CCLD and 3 were misdiagnosed as intestinal obstruction with unnecessary surgical intervention. Many complications do existed with renal complications being the most common with three patients received renal transplantation.Prematurity with abdominal distension and stool like urine were the commonest presentation of CCLD in Saudi

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2019 Medicine

9. Cobalt accumulation in horses following repeated administration of cobalt chloride. (PubMed)

Cobalt accumulation in horses following repeated administration of cobalt chloride. To monitor cobalt concentrations in urine, red blood cells and plasma after chronic parenteral administration of cobalt chloride evaluate these results against the current International Federation of Horseracing Authorities thresholds for detecting cobalt misuse.Eight mares were randomly assigned to four treatment groups, with two mares in each group: Group 1 - control group, Group 2 - 25 milligrams cobalt (...) intravenously as CoCl2 weekly, Group 3 - 50 milligrams cobalt intravenously as CoCl2 weekly, and Group 4 - 25 milligrams cobalt intravenously mid-week and at the end of the week. Urine and blood samples were collected before each weekly administration so that trough levels were assessed. In the group receiving two doses per week, urine and blood were collected prior to the dose given at the end of each week. Samples were initially collected at time zero then weekly for 10 weeks. Three further collections

2019 Australian veterinary journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Effects of Different Oral Doses of Sodium Chloride on the Basal Acid-Base and Mineral Status of Exercising Horses Fed Low Amounts of Hay. (PubMed)

) urine and venous blood samples were collected on days 0, 1-4, 8, and 15, and analysed for pH, acid-base status, creatinine and electrolyte concentrations. Fractional electrolyte clearances (FC) were determined. Mean apparent sodium digestibility ranged between 60-62% whereas chloride digestibility was consistently above 94%. Supplementing 100 g but not 50 g of NaCl resulted in significant reduction of blood pH and base excess as well as urinary pH and urine acid excretion. Both 50 g and 100 g NaCl (...) supplementation caused a significant reduction in base and net acid-base excretion, urine density and potassium concentration, but increased urine sodium concentration and the FC of sodium and chloride (P < 0.05). This suggests that a high proportion of the recommended salt doses is excreted renally. The above effects of NaCl supplementation persisted over the 2 week measurement period. Results suggest that feeding 100 g NaCl to moderately exercising horses results in mild metabolic acidosis, whereas feeding

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2017 PLoS ONE

11. Uromodulin is expressed in the distal convoluted tubule, where it is critical for regulation of the sodium chloride cotransporter NCC. (PubMed)

Uromodulin is expressed in the distal convoluted tubule, where it is critical for regulation of the sodium chloride cotransporter NCC. Uromodulin, the most abundant protein in normal urine, is essentially produced by the cells lining the thick ascending limb. There it regulates the activity of the cotransporter NKCC2 and is involved in sodium chloride handling and blood pressure regulation. Conflicting reports suggested that uromodulin may also be expressed in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT (...) . By increasing the distal sodium chloride and calcium ion load with chronic furosemide administration, an intrinsic compensatory defect in the DCT from Umod-/- compared to wild type mice was found manifested as sodium wasting and hypercalciuria. In line, co-expression studies in HEK cells suggested a facilitating role for uromodulin in NCC phosphorylation, possibly via SPAK-OSR1 modulation. These experiments demonstrate a significant expression of uromodulin in the early part of mouse and human DCT. Thus

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2018 Kidney International

12. STUDIES IN EDEMA : III. THE INFLUENCE OF MYOCARDITIC LESIONS ON THE PRODUCTION OF ASCITES, INTESTINAL FLUID AND URINE IN ANIMALS INFUSED WITH SOLUTIONS OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND CALCIUM CHLORIDE. (PubMed)

STUDIES IN EDEMA : III. THE INFLUENCE OF MYOCARDITIC LESIONS ON THE PRODUCTION OF ASCITES, INTESTINAL FLUID AND URINE IN ANIMALS INFUSED WITH SOLUTIONS OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND CALCIUM CHLORIDE. 1. Animals in which experimental myocarditis has been produced and winch are infused with sodium chloride solutions show a marked decrease in the amount of the secretion of urine. This decrease is even more pronounced than that produced when calcium chloride is added to sodium (...) chloride solution. The intestinal fluid which is markedly decreased, and the peritoneal transudate which is increased by calcium chloride are, on the other hand, not markedly influenced by myocarditic lesions. We may, therefore, conclude that calcium chloride does not exert its specific effect on the quantity of peritoneal fluid through a lowering of blood pressure. 2. Each of the three factors, namely, calcium chloride, adrenalin and myocarditic lesions affects the elimination of fluid through

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1909 The Journal of experimental medicine

13. Trace Element Concentrations in Drinking Water and Urine among Saharawi Women and Young Children (PubMed)

spectrometry, we analyzed water and urine for 31 and 10 elements, respectively. In addition, the water samples were analyzed for five anions by ion-exchange chromatography. Data were described according to two areas: zone 1 with purified water and water with naturally better quality, and zone 2 with only partially purified water. Most elements in drinking water had significantly higher concentration in zone 2 compared with zone 1. Sodium, chloride, nitrite, and nitrate were the parameters that exceeded (...) Trace Element Concentrations in Drinking Water and Urine among Saharawi Women and Young Children Poor water quality has been reported along with a variety of negative health outcomes in the Saharawi refugee camps in Algeria. We assessed the concentration of elements in drinking water and urine in refugee women and children. Twenty-four samples of distributed public drinking water were collected, along with urine samples from 77 women and 296 children. Using inductively coupled plasma mass

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2018 Toxics

14. Measurement of cations, anions, and acetate in serum, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and tissue by ion chromatography (PubMed)

analytical chemistry technique, ion chromatography and applied it to measure the concentration of cations; sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium (Na+ , K+ , Ca2+ , and Mg2+ ) and anions; chloride, and acetate (Cl- , - OAc) from physiological samples. Specifically, cations and anions were measured in liquid samples: serum, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid, as well as tissue samples: liver, cortex, hypothalamus, and amygdala. Serum concentrations of Na+ , K+ , Ca2+ , Mg2+ , Cl- , and - OAc (mmol/L (...) Measurement of cations, anions, and acetate in serum, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and tissue by ion chromatography Accurate quantification of cations and anions remains a major diagnostic tool in understanding diseased states. The current technologies used for these analyses are either unable to quantify all ions due to sample size/volume, instrument setup/method, or are only able to measure ion concentrations from one physiological sample (liquid or solid). Herein, we adapted a common

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2018 Physiological reports

15. Simultaneous Quantitative Determination of Synthetic Cathinone Enantiomers in Urine and Plasma Using GC-NCI-MS (PubMed)

Simultaneous Quantitative Determination of Synthetic Cathinone Enantiomers in Urine and Plasma Using GC-NCI-MS Development and validation of sensitive and selective method for enantioseparation and quantitation of synthetic cathinones is reported using GC-MS triple quadrupole mass spectrometry with negative chemical ionization (NCI) mode. Indirect chiral separation of thirty-six synthetic cathinone compounds has been achieved by using an optically pure chiral derivatizing agent (CDA) called (S (...) )-(-)-N-(trifluoroacetyl)pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl chloride (L-TPC), which converts cathinone enantiomers into diastereoisomers that can be separated on achiral columns. As a result of using Ultra Inert 60 m column and performing slow heating rate (2°C/min) on the GC oven, an observed enhancement in enantiomer peak resolution has been achieved. An internal standard, (+)-cathinone, was used for quantitation of synthetic cathinones. Method validation in terms of linearities and sensitivity in terms

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2018 Journal of analytical methods in chemistry

16. Impact of dyslipidemia on 24-h urine composition in adults without urolithiasis (PubMed)

Impact of dyslipidemia on 24-h urine composition in adults without urolithiasis To evaluate the influence of dyslipidemia on 24-h urine composition in adults who were non-stone formers (NF).Samples for 24-h urine composition were analyzed from 584 NF adults without urolithiasis in a national six-city-based epidemiologic study. The samples were divided into groups based on total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). The groups (...) -73.942), and chloride (MD = 45.209 mmol, 95%CI: 12.118-78.299) were found in the high TC group. Interestingly, the high LDL group had a decreased urinary excretion of calcium (MD = - 0.573 mmol, 95%CI: -1.048 to - 0.097), oxalate (MD = - 0.038 mmol, 95%CI: -0.07 to - 0.006), sodium (MD = - 53.285 mmol, 95%CI: -85.823 to - 20.748), and chloride (MD = - 55.809 mmol, 95%CI: -89.035 to - 22.583). Increased urinary excretions of citrate (MD = 0.455 mmol, 95%CI: 0.076-0.835) and magnesium (MD = 0.697 mmol

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2018 Lipids in health and disease

17. Claudin-14 Gene Polymorphisms and Urine Calcium Excretion. (PubMed)

with calcium excretion.We performed a retrospective observational study of 393 patients with hypertension who were naïve to antihypertensive drugs, in whom we measured 24-hour urine calcium excretion; history of kidney stones was ascertained by interview; 370 of these patients underwent an intravenous 0.9% sodium chloride infusion (2 L in 2 hours) to evaluate the response of calcium excretion in three different 2-hour urine samples collected before, during, and after saline infusion. Genotypes of claudin (...) Claudin-14 Gene Polymorphisms and Urine Calcium Excretion. Claudin-16 and -19 are proteins forming pores for the paracellular reabsorption of divalent cations in the ascending limb of Henle loop; conversely, claudin-14 decreases ion permeability of these pores. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in gene coding for claudin-14 were associated with kidney stones and calcium excretion. This study aimed to explore the association of claudin-14, claudin-16, and claudin-19 single-nucleotide polymorphisms

2018 Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

18. Urine biochemistry to predict long-term outcomes in fetuses with posterior urethral valves. (PubMed)

 years of age. We correlated fetal urine biochemical markers (total protein, β2-microglobulin, sodium, chloride, glucose, calcium, and phosphorus) with GFR at 10 to 30 years of age in 89 patients with posterior urethral valves. We defined five stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD).Of the 89 patients, 18 (20%) are 20 years old or over. Postnatal renal function was good in 67.4% (GFR > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) and poor in 17% (GFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 ). All fetal urine markers differed between CKD stage 1 (...)  + 2 and CKD stage 4 + 5 (P < 0.001). β2-microblobulin showed an 87% sensitivity for a 72% specificity. A combination of β2-microglobulin and chloride gave the best results (93% sensitivity and 71% specificity) versus amniotic fluid volume (80% sensitivity and 73% specificity).Fetal urine biochemistry predicts long-term (10-30 years) postnatal renal function.© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

2018 Prenatal diagnosis

19. ARMS-I (a Formulation of Cetylpyridinium Chloride -CPC)

ARMS-I (a Formulation of Cetylpyridinium Chloride -CPC) ARMS-I (a Formulation of Cetylpyridinium Chloride -CPC) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. ARMS-I (a Formulation of Cetylpyridinium (...) Chloride -CPC) (ARMS-I) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03026205 Recruitment Status : Terminated First Posted : January 20, 2017 Last Update Posted : March 29, 2018 Sponsor: University of Toledo Health Science Campus Collaborators: ProMedica Health System The University of Toledo ARMS

2017 Clinical Trials

20. Renal tubular NHE3 is required in the maintenance of water and sodium chloride homeostasis. (PubMed)

, blood pH or bicarbonate and plasma sodium, potassium, or aldosterone levels. Fluid intake, urinary flow rate, urinary sodium/creatinine, and pH were significantly elevated in NHE3loxloxCre mice, while urine osmolality and GFR were significantly lower. Water deprivation revealed a small urinary concentrating defect in NHE3loxloxCre mice on a control diet, exaggerated on low sodium chloride. Ten days of low or high sodium chloride diet did not affect plasma sodium in control mice; however (...) Renal tubular NHE3 is required in the maintenance of water and sodium chloride homeostasis. The sodium/proton exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3) is expressed in the intestine and the kidney, where it facilitates sodium (re)absorption and proton secretion. The importance of NHE3 in the kidney for sodium chloride homeostasis, relative to the intestine, is unknown. Constitutive tubule-specific NHE3 knockout mice (NHE3loxloxCre) did not show significant differences compared to control mice in body weight

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2017 Kidney International

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