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Urine Chloride

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1. Calibrated polyvinyl chloride tube of urine bag in urine output measurement of neonates (Full text)

Calibrated polyvinyl chloride tube of urine bag in urine output measurement of neonates 28216712 2017 08 16 0019-5049 61 1 2017 Jan Indian journal of anaesthesia Indian J Anaesth Calibrated polyvinyl chloride tube of urine bag in urine output measurement of neonates. 80-81 10.4103/0019-5049.198399 Rameez Riaz R Department of Anaesthesia, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. Rafat Shamim S Department of Anaesthesia, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. Vansh Priya P Department

2017 Indian journal of anaesthesia PubMed abstract

2. Effects of low dietary cation-anion difference induced by ruminal ammonium chloride infusion on performance, serum, and urine metabolites of lactating dairy cows (Full text)

Effects of low dietary cation-anion difference induced by ruminal ammonium chloride infusion on performance, serum, and urine metabolites of lactating dairy cows The objective of the present study was to determine ammonium chloride tolerance of lactating dairy cows, by examining effects of negative dietary cation anion difference (DCAD) induced by ruminal ammonium chloride infusion on performance, serum and urine minerals, serum metabolites and enzymes of lactating dairy cows.Four primiparous (...) lactating Chinese Holstein cows fitted with ruminal cannulas were infused with increasing amounts (0, 150, 300, or 450 g/d) of ammonium chloride in a crossover design. The DCAD of the base diet was 279 mEq/kg dry matter (DM) using the DCAD formula (Na + K - Cl - S)/kg of DM. Ammonium chloride infusion added the equivalent of 0, 128, 330, and 536 mEq/kg DM of Cl in treatments. According to the different dry matter intakes (DMI), the resulting actual DCAD of the four treatments was 279, 151, -51, and -257

2017 Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences PubMed abstract

3. Urine Chloride

Urine Chloride Urine Chloride Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Urine Chloride Urine Chloride Aka: Urine Chloride II (...) . Interpretation: Normal Urine Chloride: 110-250 mEq per 24 hours III. Interpretation: Increased Barter's syndrome Medications s IV. Interpretation: Decreased Chloride depletion due to Gastrointestinal Loss s Colonic villous adenoma Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Urine Chloride." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Chloride

2018 FP Notebook

4. EndolucinBeta - lutetium (177 Lu) chloride - radiolabelling

EndolucinBeta - lutetium (177 Lu) chloride - radiolabelling 30 Churchill Place ? Canary Wharf ? London E14 5EU ? United Kingdom An agency of the European Union Telephone +44 (0)20 3660 6000 Facsimile +44 (0)20 3660 5520 Send a question via our website www.ema.europa.eu/contact 28 April 2016 EMA/CHMP/404078/2016 Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) Assessment report EndolucinBeta International non-proprietary name: lutetium (177 Lu) chloride Procedure No. EMEA/H/C/003999/0000 (...) for the radiolabelling of carrier molecules that have been specifically developed and authorised for radiolabelling with Lutetium ( 177 Lu) chloride. The legal basis for this application refers to: Article 8.3 of Directive 2001/83/EC - complete and independent application. The applicant indicated that Lutetium ( 177 Lu) chloride was considered to be a new active substance. The application submitted is composed of administrative information, complete quality data, non-clinical and clinical data based on applicants

2016 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

5. Efficacy of Furosemide, Oral Sodium Chloride, and Fluid Restriction for Treatment of Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuresis (SIAD): An Open-label Randomized Controlled Study (The EFFUSE-FLUID Trial). (Abstract)

Efficacy of Furosemide, Oral Sodium Chloride, and Fluid Restriction for Treatment of Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuresis (SIAD): An Open-label Randomized Controlled Study (The EFFUSE-FLUID Trial). First-line therapy for syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD) is fluid restriction. Additional treatment for patients who do not respond to fluid restriction are water restriction with furosemide or water restriction with furosemide and salt supplementation. However, the efficacy (...) of these treatments has never been tested in a randomized controlled study. The objective of this study was to investigate whether, combined with fluid restriction, furosemide with or without sodium chloride (NaCl) supplementation was more effective than fluid restriction alone in the treatment of hyponatremia in SIAD.Open-label randomized controlled study.Patients with serum sodium concentrations ([Na+]) ≤ 130mmol/L due to SIAD.Random assignment to 1 of 3 groups: fluid restriction alone (FR), fluid restriction

2020 American Journal of Kidney Diseases

6. Urine Anion Gap to Predict Urine Ammonium and Related Outcomes in Kidney Disease. (Full text)

, potassium, chloride, phosphate, and sulfate from baseline 24-hour urine collections in 1044 African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension participants. We evaluated the cross-sectional correlations between urine ammonium, the standard urine anion gap (sodium + potassium - chloride), and a modified urine anion gap that includes urine phosphate and sulfate in the calculation. Multivariable-adjusted Cox models determined the associations of the standard urine anion gap and the modified urine (...) Urine Anion Gap to Predict Urine Ammonium and Related Outcomes in Kidney Disease. Low urine ammonium excretion is associated with ESRD in CKD. Few laboratories measure urine ammonium, limiting clinical application. We determined correlations between urine ammonium, the standard urine anion gap, and a modified urine anion gap that includes sulfate and phosphate and compared risks of ESRD or death between these ammonium estimates and directly measured ammonium.We measured ammonium, sodium

2017 Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology PubMed abstract

7. Cobalt accumulation in horses following repeated administration of cobalt chloride. (Abstract)

Cobalt accumulation in horses following repeated administration of cobalt chloride. To monitor cobalt concentrations in urine, red blood cells and plasma after chronic parenteral administration of cobalt chloride evaluate these results against the current International Federation of Horseracing Authorities thresholds for detecting cobalt misuse.Eight mares were randomly assigned to four treatment groups, with two mares in each group: Group 1 - control group, Group 2 - 25 milligrams cobalt (...) intravenously as CoCl2 weekly, Group 3 - 50 milligrams cobalt intravenously as CoCl2 weekly, and Group 4 - 25 milligrams cobalt intravenously mid-week and at the end of the week. Urine and blood samples were collected before each weekly administration so that trough levels were assessed. In the group receiving two doses per week, urine and blood were collected prior to the dose given at the end of each week. Samples were initially collected at time zero then weekly for 10 weeks. Three further collections

2019 Australian veterinary journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

8. Concurrent Use of Calcium Chloride and Arginine Vasopressin Infusions in Pediatric Patients with Acute Cardiocirculatory Failure. (Abstract)

Concurrent Use of Calcium Chloride and Arginine Vasopressin Infusions in Pediatric Patients with Acute Cardiocirculatory Failure. Acute heart failure (AHF) can cause low cardiac output and poor end-organ perfusion. Inotropic agents along with vasodilators can improve organ perfusion. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) and calcium chloride (CaCl) infusions are increasingly being used in low cardiac output states in pediatric AHF. We retrospectively reviewed 77 patients (0-18 years) with AHF admitted (...) between January 2014 and May 2017 who received concurrent AVP and CaCl infusions. Surrogates of cardiac output and organ perfusion included hemodynamic vital signs, laboratory parameters, and urine output (UO). Organ dysfunction and vasopressor inotropic scores were also calculated. Median (IQR) age was 0.88 years (0, 3.75), and median weight was 6.62 kg (3.5, 13.7). Congenital heart disease was present in 70% (46/77) patients. Univentricular physiology was present in 25% (25/77) patients. None

2019 Pediatric Cardiology

9. Congenital chloride losing diarrhea: A single center experience in a highly consanguineous population. (Full text)

Congenital chloride losing diarrhea: A single center experience in a highly consanguineous population. Congenital chloride losing diarrhea (CCLD) is a rare type of chronic watery diarrhea due to mutations in SLC26A3 gene leading to defective chloride-bicarbonate exchanges with the resultant loss of chloride and retention of bicarbonate.We aim to define pediatric Saudi CCLD patients' characteristics to achieve prompt diagnosis, management, follow up with good quality of life, and prevention (...) growth restriction and usually neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions with prematurity and its complications. Thirteen patients were discharged without diagnosis of CCLD and 3 were misdiagnosed as intestinal obstruction with unnecessary surgical intervention. Many complications do existed with renal complications being the most common with three patients received renal transplantation.Prematurity with abdominal distension and stool like urine were the commonest presentation of CCLD in Saudi

2019 Medicine PubMed abstract

10. STUDIES IN EDEMA : III. THE INFLUENCE OF MYOCARDITIC LESIONS ON THE PRODUCTION OF ASCITES, INTESTINAL FLUID AND URINE IN ANIMALS INFUSED WITH SOLUTIONS OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND CALCIUM CHLORIDE. (Full text)

STUDIES IN EDEMA : III. THE INFLUENCE OF MYOCARDITIC LESIONS ON THE PRODUCTION OF ASCITES, INTESTINAL FLUID AND URINE IN ANIMALS INFUSED WITH SOLUTIONS OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND CALCIUM CHLORIDE. 1. Animals in which experimental myocarditis has been produced and winch are infused with sodium chloride solutions show a marked decrease in the amount of the secretion of urine. This decrease is even more pronounced than that produced when calcium chloride is added to sodium (...) chloride solution. The intestinal fluid which is markedly decreased, and the peritoneal transudate which is increased by calcium chloride are, on the other hand, not markedly influenced by myocarditic lesions. We may, therefore, conclude that calcium chloride does not exert its specific effect on the quantity of peritoneal fluid through a lowering of blood pressure. 2. Each of the three factors, namely, calcium chloride, adrenalin and myocarditic lesions affects the elimination of fluid through

1909 The Journal of experimental medicine PubMed abstract

11. Cuprymina - copper (64Cu) chloride

, and then radioactivity steadily diminished. Part of the decrease can be attributed to excretion of 64 Cu into the bile, urine and faeces. Blood radioactivity decreased from 60.3 % to 3.4 % after 1 hour, and then it decreased to 1 % after 6 hours, and increased to 5.6 % and 4.9 % after 12-24 hours. Copper ( 64 Cu) chloride is distributed mainly in the liver and kidney and the pattern of radioactivity in the blood parallels the pattern of radioactivity in the liver. Almost the entire 64 Cu rapidly leaves the blood (...) Cuprymina - copper (64Cu) chloride 2 August 2012 EMA/518790/2012 Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) Assessment report Cuprymina International non-proprietary name: Copper ( 64 Cu) chloride Procedure No. EMEA/H/C/002136 Assessment Report as adopted by the CHMP with all information of a commercially confidential nature deleted. Cuprymina CHMP assessment report EMA/518790/2012 Page 2/39 Table of contents 1. Background information on the procedure 5 1.1. Submission of the dossier

2012 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

12. Effects of Different Oral Doses of Sodium Chloride on the Basal Acid-Base and Mineral Status of Exercising Horses Fed Low Amounts of Hay. (Full text)

) urine and venous blood samples were collected on days 0, 1-4, 8, and 15, and analysed for pH, acid-base status, creatinine and electrolyte concentrations. Fractional electrolyte clearances (FC) were determined. Mean apparent sodium digestibility ranged between 60-62% whereas chloride digestibility was consistently above 94%. Supplementing 100 g but not 50 g of NaCl resulted in significant reduction of blood pH and base excess as well as urinary pH and urine acid excretion. Both 50 g and 100 g NaCl (...) supplementation caused a significant reduction in base and net acid-base excretion, urine density and potassium concentration, but increased urine sodium concentration and the FC of sodium and chloride (P < 0.05). This suggests that a high proportion of the recommended salt doses is excreted renally. The above effects of NaCl supplementation persisted over the 2 week measurement period. Results suggest that feeding 100 g NaCl to moderately exercising horses results in mild metabolic acidosis, whereas feeding

2017 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

13. Uromodulin is expressed in the distal convoluted tubule, where it is critical for regulation of the sodium chloride cotransporter NCC. (Full text)

Uromodulin is expressed in the distal convoluted tubule, where it is critical for regulation of the sodium chloride cotransporter NCC. Uromodulin, the most abundant protein in normal urine, is essentially produced by the cells lining the thick ascending limb. There it regulates the activity of the cotransporter NKCC2 and is involved in sodium chloride handling and blood pressure regulation. Conflicting reports suggested that uromodulin may also be expressed in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT (...) . By increasing the distal sodium chloride and calcium ion load with chronic furosemide administration, an intrinsic compensatory defect in the DCT from Umod-/- compared to wild type mice was found manifested as sodium wasting and hypercalciuria. In line, co-expression studies in HEK cells suggested a facilitating role for uromodulin in NCC phosphorylation, possibly via SPAK-OSR1 modulation. These experiments demonstrate a significant expression of uromodulin in the early part of mouse and human DCT. Thus

2018 Kidney International PubMed abstract

14. Percentage of ingested sodium excreted in 24-hour urine collections: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Full text)

Chloride, Dietary IM Diet Female Humans Male Meals Sodium Chloride, Dietary administration & dosage urine Urine Specimen Collection methods 2018 03 28 2018 05 28 2018 06 16 2018 8 14 6 0 2019 12 18 6 0 2018 8 14 6 0 ppublish 30101426 10.1111/jch.13353 (...) Percentage of ingested sodium excreted in 24-hour urine collections: A systematic review and meta-analysis. 30101426 2019 12 06 2019 12 17 1751-7176 20 9 2018 09 Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.) J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) Percentage of ingested sodium excreted in 24-hour urine collections: A systematic review and meta-analysis. 1220-1229 10.1111/jch.13353 Lucko Aaron M AM 0000-0001-6850-8132 Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infectious Diseases, University

2019 Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.) PubMed abstract

15. STUDIES IN EDEMA : I. COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION INTO THE ACTION OF CALCIUM CHLORIDE AND SODIUM CHLORIDE ON THE PRODUCTION OF URINE, INTESTINAL FLUID AND ASCITES. (Full text)

STUDIES IN EDEMA : I. COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION INTO THE ACTION OF CALCIUM CHLORIDE AND SODIUM CHLORIDE ON THE PRODUCTION OF URINE, INTESTINAL FLUID AND ASCITES. 1. The secretion of urine and the elimination of fluid through the intestinal canal which are caused by the intravenous injection of solution of 0.85 per cent. sodium chloride are decreased by the addition of calcium chloride to the sodium chloride solution. The secretion of urine is more markedly inhibited than is the elimination (...) of fluid through the intestines. 2. In contradistinction to the decreased elimination of fluid through the kidneys and intestines, addition of calcium chloride to the sodium chloride solution increases markedly the transudation of fluid into the peritoneal cavity. To a certain degree the urine and ascites may be said to increase in an inverse proportion. 3. Although calcium chloride inhibits both absorption from and secretion into the intestines it seems to decrease the secretion more markedly than

1909 The Journal of experimental medicine PubMed abstract

16. Urine biochemistry to predict long-term outcomes in fetuses with posterior urethral valves. (Abstract)

 years of age. We correlated fetal urine biochemical markers (total protein, β2-microglobulin, sodium, chloride, glucose, calcium, and phosphorus) with GFR at 10 to 30 years of age in 89 patients with posterior urethral valves. We defined five stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD).Of the 89 patients, 18 (20%) are 20 years old or over. Postnatal renal function was good in 67.4% (GFR > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) and poor in 17% (GFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 ). All fetal urine markers differed between CKD stage 1 (...)  + 2 and CKD stage 4 + 5 (P < 0.001). β2-microblobulin showed an 87% sensitivity for a 72% specificity. A combination of β2-microglobulin and chloride gave the best results (93% sensitivity and 71% specificity) versus amniotic fluid volume (80% sensitivity and 73% specificity).Fetal urine biochemistry predicts long-term (10-30 years) postnatal renal function.© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

2018 Prenatal diagnosis

17. Claudin-14 Gene Polymorphisms and Urine Calcium Excretion. (Full text)

with calcium excretion.We performed a retrospective observational study of 393 patients with hypertension who were naïve to antihypertensive drugs, in whom we measured 24-hour urine calcium excretion; history of kidney stones was ascertained by interview; 370 of these patients underwent an intravenous 0.9% sodium chloride infusion (2 L in 2 hours) to evaluate the response of calcium excretion in three different 2-hour urine samples collected before, during, and after saline infusion. Genotypes of claudin (...) Claudin-14 Gene Polymorphisms and Urine Calcium Excretion. Claudin-16 and -19 are proteins forming pores for the paracellular reabsorption of divalent cations in the ascending limb of Henle loop; conversely, claudin-14 decreases ion permeability of these pores. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in gene coding for claudin-14 were associated with kidney stones and calcium excretion. This study aimed to explore the association of claudin-14, claudin-16, and claudin-19 single-nucleotide polymorphisms

2018 Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology PubMed abstract

18. Measurement of cations, anions, and acetate in serum, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and tissue by ion chromatography (Full text)

analytical chemistry technique, ion chromatography and applied it to measure the concentration of cations; sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium (Na+ , K+ , Ca2+ , and Mg2+ ) and anions; chloride, and acetate (Cl- , - OAc) from physiological samples. Specifically, cations and anions were measured in liquid samples: serum, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid, as well as tissue samples: liver, cortex, hypothalamus, and amygdala. Serum concentrations of Na+ , K+ , Ca2+ , Mg2+ , Cl- , and - OAc (mmol/L (...) Measurement of cations, anions, and acetate in serum, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and tissue by ion chromatography Accurate quantification of cations and anions remains a major diagnostic tool in understanding diseased states. The current technologies used for these analyses are either unable to quantify all ions due to sample size/volume, instrument setup/method, or are only able to measure ion concentrations from one physiological sample (liquid or solid). Herein, we adapted a common

2018 Physiological reports PubMed abstract

19. Trace Element Concentrations in Drinking Water and Urine among Saharawi Women and Young Children (Full text)

spectrometry, we analyzed water and urine for 31 and 10 elements, respectively. In addition, the water samples were analyzed for five anions by ion-exchange chromatography. Data were described according to two areas: zone 1 with purified water and water with naturally better quality, and zone 2 with only partially purified water. Most elements in drinking water had significantly higher concentration in zone 2 compared with zone 1. Sodium, chloride, nitrite, and nitrate were the parameters that exceeded (...) Trace Element Concentrations in Drinking Water and Urine among Saharawi Women and Young Children Poor water quality has been reported along with a variety of negative health outcomes in the Saharawi refugee camps in Algeria. We assessed the concentration of elements in drinking water and urine in refugee women and children. Twenty-four samples of distributed public drinking water were collected, along with urine samples from 77 women and 296 children. Using inductively coupled plasma mass

2018 Toxics PubMed abstract

20. Simultaneous Quantitative Determination of Synthetic Cathinone Enantiomers in Urine and Plasma Using GC-NCI-MS (Full text)

Simultaneous Quantitative Determination of Synthetic Cathinone Enantiomers in Urine and Plasma Using GC-NCI-MS Development and validation of sensitive and selective method for enantioseparation and quantitation of synthetic cathinones is reported using GC-MS triple quadrupole mass spectrometry with negative chemical ionization (NCI) mode. Indirect chiral separation of thirty-six synthetic cathinone compounds has been achieved by using an optically pure chiral derivatizing agent (CDA) called (S (...) )-(-)-N-(trifluoroacetyl)pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl chloride (L-TPC), which converts cathinone enantiomers into diastereoisomers that can be separated on achiral columns. As a result of using Ultra Inert 60 m column and performing slow heating rate (2°C/min) on the GC oven, an observed enhancement in enantiomer peak resolution has been achieved. An internal standard, (+)-cathinone, was used for quantitation of synthetic cathinones. Method validation in terms of linearities and sensitivity in terms

2018 Journal of analytical methods in chemistry PubMed abstract

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