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Urinary Frequency

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1. Frequency of Long-Term Indwelling Urinary Catheter Replacement: Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness

Frequency of Long-Term Indwelling Urinary Catheter Replacement: Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness Frequency of Long-Term Indwelling Urinary Catheter Replacement: Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Frequency of Long-Term Indwelling Urinary Catheter Replacement: Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness Frequency of Long-Term Indwelling Urinary Catheter Replacement: Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness Last updated (...) : August 21, 2019 Project Number: RB1374-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of long-term indwelling urinary catheter replacement every month? What is the cost-effectiveness of long-term indwelling urinary catheter replacement every month? Key Message One systematic review was identified regarding the clinical effectiveness of replacement of long-term indwelling urinary catheters in adults

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

2. Frequency of urinary tract infection in children with antenatal diagnosis of urinary tract dilatation. (PubMed)

Frequency of urinary tract infection in children with antenatal diagnosis of urinary tract dilatation. Neonates with congenital urinary tract dilatation (UTD) may have an increased risk of urinary tract infections (UTI). At present, the management of these patients is controversial and the utility of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) remains uncertain as the literature presents contradicting evidence. The aim of this observational study was to assess UTI occurrence in children (...) with prenatal diagnosis of urinary collecting system dilatation without antibiotic prophylaxis.Between June 2012 and August 2016, we evaluated the incidence of UTI and the clinical and ultrasonography evolution in 407 children with a prenatally diagnosed UTD. All subjects underwent two prenatal ultrasounds scans (USs) at 20 weeks and 30 weeks of gestation and within 1 month of birth. Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of UTD underwent US follow-up at 6, 12 and 24 months of life. According to the UTD

2019 Archives of Disease in Childhood

3. A group-based yoga program for urinary incontinence in ambulatory women: feasibility, tolerability, and change in incontinence frequency over 3 months in a single-center randomized trial

A group-based yoga program for urinary incontinence in ambulatory women: feasibility, tolerability, and change in incontinence frequency over 3 months in a single-center randomized trial Because of the limitations of existing clinical treatments for urinary incontinence, many women with incontinence are interested in complementary strategies for managing their symptoms. Yoga has been recommended as a behavioral self-management strategy for incontinence, but evidence of its feasibility (...) , tolerability, and efficacy is lacking.To evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of a group-based therapeutic yoga program for ambulatory middle-aged and older women with incontinence, and to examine preliminary changes in incontinence frequency as the primary efficacy outcome after 3 months.Ambulatory women aged 50 years or older who reported at least daily stress-, urgency-, or mixed-type incontinence, were not already engaged in yoga, and were willing to temporarily forgo clinical incontinence

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. A group-based yoga program for urinary incontinence in ambulatory women: feasibility, tolerability, and change in incontinence frequency over 3 months in a single-center randomized trial. (PubMed)

A group-based yoga program for urinary incontinence in ambulatory women: feasibility, tolerability, and change in incontinence frequency over 3 months in a single-center randomized trial. Because of the limitations of existing clinical treatments for urinary incontinence, many women with incontinence are interested in complementary strategies for managing their symptoms. Yoga has been recommended as a behavioral self-management strategy for incontinence, but evidence of its feasibility (...) , tolerability, and efficacy is lacking.To evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of a group-based therapeutic yoga program for ambulatory middle-aged and older women with incontinence, and to examine preliminary changes in incontinence frequency as the primary efficacy outcome after 3 months.Ambulatory women aged 50 years or older who reported at least daily stress-, urgency-, or mixed-type incontinence, were not already engaged in yoga, and were willing to temporarily forgo clinical incontinence

2019 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5. Curative efficacy of low frequency electrical stimulation in preventing urinary retention after cervical cancer operation. (PubMed)

Curative efficacy of low frequency electrical stimulation in preventing urinary retention after cervical cancer operation. To evaluate the clinical significance of low-frequency electrical stimulation in preventing urinary retention after radical hysterectomy.A total of 91 women with stage IA2-IB2 cervical cancer, who were treated with radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy from January 2009 to December 2012, were enrolled into this study and were randomly divided into two groups: trail group (...) (48 cases) and control group (43 cases). Traditional bladder function training and low-frequency electrical stimulation were conducted in the trail group, while patients in the control group were only treated by traditional bladder training. The general condition, rate of urinary retention, and muscle strength grades of pelvic floor muscle in the perioperative period were compared between these two groups.The incidence of postoperative urinary retention in the electrical stimulation group

2019 World journal of surgical oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6. Suppression of Urinary Voiding by Conditional High Frequency Stimulation of the Pelvic Nerve in Conscious Rats (PubMed)

Suppression of Urinary Voiding by Conditional High Frequency Stimulation of the Pelvic Nerve in Conscious Rats Female Wistar rats were instrumented to record bladder pressure and to stimulate the left pelvic nerve. Repeated voids were induced by continuous infusion of saline into the bladder (11.2 ml/h) via a T-piece in the line to the bladder catheter. In each animal tested (n = 6) high frequency pelvic nerve stimulation (1-3 kHz, 1-2 mA sinusoidal waveform for 60 s) applied within 2 s (...) voids had no effect. The experiments demonstrate that conditional high frequency stimulation of the pelvic nerve started at the onset of an imminent void can inhibit voiding. The effect was rapidly reversible and was not accompanied by any adverse behavioral side effects.

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2018 Frontiers in physiology

7. The frequency of Klebsiella pneumonia encoding genes for CTX-M, TEM-1 and SHV-1 extended-spectrum beta lactamases enzymes isolated from urinary tract infection (PubMed)

The frequency of Klebsiella pneumonia encoding genes for CTX-M, TEM-1 and SHV-1 extended-spectrum beta lactamases enzymes isolated from urinary tract infection The extended- spectrum β-lactamase producing bacteria are widely spread worldwide. The productions of these enzymes cause bacterial resistance to a wide range of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to investigated the frequency of K. pneumonia encoding genes for CTX-M, TEM-1 and SHV-1 extended-spectrum beta lactamases enzymes isolated (...) from urinary tract infection.This study is cross-sectional study. All K. pneumonia isolates from urine samples, which had grown on media culture more than 105 were delivered to the medical microbiology laboratory. K. pneumonia susceptibility of 198 samples were confirmed by disk diffusion. The gene frequency of genes was determined using PCR, and analyzed using SPSS version 21 software.Most of the K. pneumonia isolated from urine producing β-lactamase were resistant to cotrimoxazole (53.2

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2018 Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials

8. Urinary alkalisation for symptomatic uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women. (PubMed)

Urinary alkalisation for symptomatic uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women. Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection in women, characterised by dysuria and urinary frequency. Urinary alkalisers are widely used in some countries for the symptomatic treatment of uncomplicated UTI, and they are recommended in some national formularies. However, there is a lack of empirical evidence to support their use for UTI and some healthcare guidelines advise (...) against their use.We aimed to look at the benefits and harms of the use of urinary alkalisers for the treatment of uncomplicated UTIs in adult women.We searched the Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Specialised Register to 19 January 2016 through contact with the Trials Search Co-ordinator using search terms relevant to this review.All randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs on the use of (any) urinary alkalisers (either exclusively or non-exclusively) for the symptomatic treatment

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2016 Cochrane

9. Urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse in women: management

ther al therapies apies 1.4.11 Offer bladder training lasting for a minimum of 6 weeks as first-line treatment to women with urgency or mixed urinary incontinence. [2006] [2006] 1.4.12 If women do not achieve satisfactory benefit from bladder training programmes, the combination of an overactive bladder medicine with bladder training should be considered if frequency is a troublesome symptom. [2006] [2006] Neurostimulation Neurostimulation 1.4.13 Do not offer transcutaneous sacral nerve stimulation (...) Urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse in women: management Urinary incontinence and pelvic organ Urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse in women: management prolapse in women: management NICE guideline Published: 2 April 2019 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng123 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

10. Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection Reduces Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection Frequency. (PubMed)

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection Reduces Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection Frequency. Broad-spectrum antibiotics for recurrent multidrug-resistant urinary tract infections (UTIs) disrupt the gut microbiome and promote antibiotic resistance. Fecal microbiota transplantation led to resolution of recurrent Clostridium difficile, significantly decreased recurrent UTI frequency, and improved antibiotic susceptibility profile of UTI-causing organisms.©

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2017 Clinical Infectious Diseases

11. MKSAP: 46-year-old man with fever, dysuria, and urinary frequency

MKSAP: 46-year-old man with fever, dysuria, and urinary frequency Treatment: Patients with uncomplicated acute bacterial prostatitis MKSAP: 46-year-old man with fever, dysuria, and urinary frequency | | September 9, 2017 3 Shares Test your medicine knowledge with the , in partnership with the . A 46-year-old man is evaluated for fever, dysuria, and urinary frequency of 1 day’s duration. He also notes a sensation of deep pelvic pain near the rectum. He has no urethral discharge or testicular (...) present with fever, chills, malaise, nausea and vomiting, dysuria, urgency, frequency, and pain in the lower abdomen, perineum, and rectum. The onset of symptoms is typically rapid. On physical examination, the prostate is tender and tense or boggy. Excessive palpation of the prostate should be avoided because it may contribute to bacteremia. As was done with this patient, blood and urine cultures should be obtained, and empiric broad-spectrum antibiotics should be started. Gram-negative bacillary

2017 KevinMD blog

12. P2Y6-deficiency increases micturition frequency and attenuates sustained contractility of the urinary bladder in mice (PubMed)

P2Y6-deficiency increases micturition frequency and attenuates sustained contractility of the urinary bladder in mice The role of the P2Y6 receptor in bladder function has recently attracted a great deal of attention in lower urinary tract research. We conducted this study to determine contributions of the P2Y6 receptor in lower urinary tract function of normal phenotypes by comparing P2Y6-deficient mice and wild-type mice. In in vivo experiments, P2Y6-deficient mice had more frequent

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2017 Scientific reports

13. The Influence of Resiniferatoxin (RTX) and Tetrodotoxin (TTX) on the Distribution, Relative Frequency, and Chemical Coding of Noradrenergic and Cholinergic Nerve Fibers Supplying the Porcine Urinary Bladder Wall (PubMed)

The Influence of Resiniferatoxin (RTX) and Tetrodotoxin (TTX) on the Distribution, Relative Frequency, and Chemical Coding of Noradrenergic and Cholinergic Nerve Fibers Supplying the Porcine Urinary Bladder Wall The present study investigated the influence of intravesically instilled resiniferatoxin (RTX) or tetrodotoxin (TTX) on the distribution, number, and chemical coding of noradrenergic and cholinergic nerve fibers (NF) supplying the urinary bladder in female pigs. Samples from the bladder (...) wall were processed for double-labelling immunofluorescence with antibodies against cholinergic and noradrenergic markers and some other neurotransmitter substances. Both RTX and TTX caused a significant decrease in the number of cholinergic NF in the urinary bladder wall (in the muscle coat, submucosa, and beneath the urothelium). RTX instillation resulted in a decrease in the number of noradrenergic NF in the submucosa and urothelium, while TTX treatment caused a significant increase

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2017 Toxins

14. High Frequency Stimulation of the Pelvic Nerve Inhibits Urinary Voiding in Anesthetized Rats (PubMed)

High Frequency Stimulation of the Pelvic Nerve Inhibits Urinary Voiding in Anesthetized Rats Urge Urinary Incontinence: "a sudden and uncontrollable desire to void which is impossible to defer" is extremely common and considered the most bothersome of lower urinary tract conditions. Current treatments rely on pharmacological, neuromodulatory, and neurotoxicological approaches to manage the disorder, by reducing the excitability of the bladder muscle. However, some patients remain refractory (...) to treatment. An alternative approach would be to temporarily suppress activity of the micturition control circuitry at the time of need i.e., urgency. In this study we investigated, in a rat model, the utility of high frequency pelvic nerve stimulation to produce a rapid onset, reversible suppression of voiding. In urethane-anesthetized rats periodic voiding was induced by continuous infusion of saline into the bladder whilst recording bladder pressure and electrical activity from the external urethral

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2017 Frontiers in physiology

15. A systematic review of the effect of educational interventions for urinary and faecal incontinence by health care staff/carers/clients in aged care, on level of knowledge, frequency of incontinence episodes and hours spent on the management of incontinenc

A systematic review of the effect of educational interventions for urinary and faecal incontinence by health care staff/carers/clients in aged care, on level of knowledge, frequency of incontinence episodes and hours spent on the management of incontinenc 27819964 2018 05 14 1838-2142 6 1 2008 JBI library of systematic reviews JBI Libr Syst Rev A systematic review of the effect of educational interventions for urinary and faecal incontinence by health care staff/carers/clients in aged care (...) , on level of knowledge, frequency of incontinence episodes and hours spent on the management of incontinence episodes. 1-66 Hodgkinson Brent B 1 Senior Research Facilitator, Blue Care Business Improvement Team. Contact: (07) 3720 5306 Email: b.hodgkinson@bluecare.org.au 2 Clinical Researcher (Continence), UQ/ Blue Care Research and Practice Development Centre & Continence Advisor Blue Care. Contact: (07) 3720 5620 (W) Email: k.josephs@bluecare.org.au 3 Honours Student, School of Nursing, University

2017 JBI library of systematic reviews

16. UroShield for preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections

guideline on healthcare-associated infections, the risk of blockages, encrustations and catheter-associated infections should be minimised through patient-specific UroShield for preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections (MIB191) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2 of 11regimens such as reviewing the frequency of planned catheter changes, increasing fluid intake, and documenting catheter (...) UroShield for preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections UroShield for pre UroShield for prev venting catheter-associated enting catheter-associated urinary tr urinary tract infections act infections Medtech innovation briefing Published: 9 September 2019 www.nice.org.uk/guidance/mib191 pathways Sum Summary mary The technology technology described in this briefing is UroShield. It is used to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) in people with long-term

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

17. Washout of long-term indwelling urinary catheter

, and frequencies or timings are also needed.” References Shepherd AJ, Mackay WG, Hagen S. Washout policies in long-term indwelling urinary catheterisation in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3, 2017. CD004012. SBU Enquiry Service consists of systematic literature searches to highlight studies that can address questions received by the SBU Enquiry Service from Swedish healthcare or social service providers. Relevant references are compiled by an SBU staff member, in consultation with an external (...) Washout of long-term indwelling urinary catheter Washout of long-term indwelling urinary catheter We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Washout of long-term indwelling urinary catheter Share: Reading time approx. 8 minutes One of the main complications of catheterization is the onset of encrustations, frequently resulting in obstruction

2019 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

18. Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing

on choice of antibiotic prophylaxis). T ake account of: any further investigations (for example, ultrasound) that may be needed to identify an underlying cause the severity and frequency of previous symptoms the risks of long-term antibiotic use the risk of developing complications previous urine culture and susceptibility results previous antibiotic use, which may have led to resistant bacteria the woman's preferences for antibiotic use. Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing (...) to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 13 of 33T T erms used in the guideline erms used in the guideline Recurrent urinary tract infection Recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in adults is defined as repeated UTI with a frequency of 2 or more UTIs in the last 6 months or 3 or more UTIs in the last 12 months (European Association of Urology [EAU] guidelines on urological infections [2017]). Recurrent UTI is diagnosed in children and young people

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

19. Urinary tract infections in women

. Pyelonephritis is an infection of the kidney that often occurs via bacterial ascent, and urethritis is an infection causing an inflammation of the urethra. History and exam presence of risk factors dysuria urinary frequency haematuria back/flank pain costovertebral angle tenderness fever urinary urgency supra-pubic pain and tenderness sexual activity spermicide use post-menopause positive family history of UTIs history of recurrent UTI presence of a foreign body insulin-treated diabetes high lifetime number (...) Urinary tract infections in women Urinary tract infections in women - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Urinary tract infections in women Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2019 Summary Can be clinically categorised into uncomplicated/complicated, acute, or recurrent. Escherichia coli is the most common organism in uncomplicated infections. Costovertebral angle tenderness together

2019 BMJ Best Practice

20. Antimicrobial agents for preventing urinary tract infections in adults undergoing cystoscopy. (PubMed)

Antimicrobial agents for preventing urinary tract infections in adults undergoing cystoscopy. Cystoscopy is commonly performed for diagnostic purposes to inspect the interior lining of the bladder. One disadvantage of cystoscopy is the risk of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) due to pre-existing colonization or by introduction of bacteria at the time of the procedure. However, the incidence of symptomatic UTI following cystoscopy is low. Currently, there is no consensus on whether (...) articles and contacted authors for related information. The last search of the electronic databases was 4 February 2019.We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs that compared any prophylactic antibiotic versus placebo, no treatment, or other non-antibiotic prophylaxis in adults undergoing cystoscopy. There was no restriction on the dose, frequency, formulation, duration, or mode of administration of the antibiotics.We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane

2019 Cochrane

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