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Upper to Lower Segment Ratio

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1. Upper to Lower Segment Ratio

Upper to Lower Segment Ratio Upper to Lower Segment Ratio Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Upper to Lower Segment Ratio (...) Upper to Lower Segment Ratio Aka: Upper to Lower Segment Ratio II. Indications Differentiates collagen bone disease (skeletal dysplasia) from primary spine (e.g. ) III. Technique: Measurement See for an alternative method of calculating segment heights Lower segment: Top of pubic symphysis to floor Upper segment: Top of head to top of pubic symphysis Calculation: TotalHeight - LowerSegmentHeight IV. Interpretation: Normal upper to lower ratio Birth upper to lower ratio: 1.70 (Greatest ratio

2018 FP Notebook

2. Clinical and radiographic outcomes of upper thoracic versus lower thoracic upper instrumented vertebrae for adult scoliosis: a meta-analysis. (PubMed)

kyphosis, length of hospital stay, and revision rates between the two groups. No evidence of publication bias was found between the two groups. Fusion from the lower thoracic spine (below T10) has as advantages a shorter operation time and less blood loss than upper thoracic spine (above T10) in posterior long-segment fixation for degenerative lumbar scoliosis. (...) Clinical and radiographic outcomes of upper thoracic versus lower thoracic upper instrumented vertebrae for adult scoliosis: a meta-analysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of upper thoracic (UT) versus lower thoracic (LT) upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) for adult scoliosis by meta-analysis. We conducted a literature search in three databases to retrieve related studies up to March 15, 2017. The preliminary screened studies were assessed by two

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2018 Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas

3. Higher Incision at Upper Part of Lower Segment Caesarean Section. (PubMed)

Higher Incision at Upper Part of Lower Segment Caesarean Section. To determine if the upper part of the lower segment of the uterus is a better site for cesarean incision then the traditionally used lower end.This is a case-control study (1:1 ratio) conducted from 1(st) October 2012- 30(th) September 2013 observed between transverse incision at the upper part of the lower segment versus traditional lower segment of the uterus. Two hundred caesarean sections were performed via a transverse (...) uterine incision at the upper part of the lower segment and equal numbers of uterine incision was performed at traditional lower segment. To obtain less intraoperative bleeding high incision made at thicker wider muscular part at of the upper part of lower segment about 2-3 cm distances from vesico-uterine serosa.The estimated volume of blood loss in high incision 188±60.1 ml was significantly less compared to traditional incision 330.1± 86.5 ml (p<0.05). Duration of operation 30.5± 6.6 minute versus

2016 JNMA; journal of the Nepal Medical Association

4. Upper to Lower Segment Ratio

Upper to Lower Segment Ratio Upper to Lower Segment Ratio Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Upper to Lower Segment Ratio (...) Upper to Lower Segment Ratio Aka: Upper to Lower Segment Ratio II. Indications Differentiates collagen bone disease (skeletal dysplasia) from primary spine (e.g. ) III. Technique: Measurement See for an alternative method of calculating segment heights Lower segment: Top of pubic symphysis to floor Upper segment: Top of head to top of pubic symphysis Calculation: TotalHeight - LowerSegmentHeight IV. Interpretation: Normal upper to lower ratio Birth upper to lower ratio: 1.70 (Greatest ratio

2015 FP Notebook

5. Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Cell Carcinoma

nephroureterectomy. Scand J Urol, 2016. 50: 305. 112. Ehdaie, B., et al. Obesity adversely impacts disease specific outcomes in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma. J Urol, 2011. 186: 66. 113. Dalpiaz, O., et al. Validation of the pretreatment derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio as a prognostic factor in a European cohort of patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma. Br J Cancer, 2014. 110: 2531. 114. Mbeutcha, A., et al. Prognostic factors and predictive tools for upper tract urothelial (...) . 34: 1201. 150. Vemana, G., et al. Survival Comparison Between Endoscopic and Surgical Management for Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer: A Matched Propensity Score Analysis Using Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare Data. Urology, 2016. 95: 115. 151. Roupret, M., et al. Upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma: recurrence rate after percutaneous endoscopic resection. Eur Urol, 2007. 51: 709. 152. Jeldres, C., et al. Segmental ureterectomy can safely be performed

2019 European Association of Urology

6. Management of Acute Myocardial Infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation

Management of Acute Myocardial Infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. 2017 ESC Guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation | European Heart Journal | Oxford Academic Search Account Menu Menu Navbar Search Filter Mobile Microsite (...) Search Term Close search filter search input Article Navigation Close mobile search navigation Article navigation 07 January 2018 Article Contents Article Navigation 2017 ESC Guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation: The Task Force for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Borja Ibanez (Chairperson) (Spain) * Corresponding authors

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2017 European Society of Cardiology

7. Effectiveness and Harms of Spinal Manipulative Therapy for the Treatment of Acute Neck and Lower Back Pain

Effectiveness and Harms of Spinal Manipulative Therapy for the Treatment of Acute Neck and Lower Back Pain 4 Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research & Development Service Evidence-based Synthesis Program The Effectiveness and Harms of Spinal Manipulative Therapy for the Treatment of Acute Neck and Lower Back Pain: A Systematic Review April 2017 Prepared for: Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Quality Enhancement Research Initiative Health Services (...) for the Treatment of Acute Neck and Lower Back Pain i PREFACE Quality Enhancement Research Initiative’s (QUERI) Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) was established to provide timely and accurate syntheses of targeted healthcare topics of particular importance to Veterans Affairs (VA) clinicians, managers and policymakers as they work to improve the health and healthcare of Veterans. The ESP disseminates these reports throughout the VA, and some evidence syntheses inform the clinical guidelines of large

2017 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

8. 2016 AHA/ACC Guideline on the Management of Patients With Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease

for the Management of Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease” 9 and the “2011 ACCF/AHA Focused Update of the Guideline for the Management of Patients With Pe- ripheral Artery Disease?” 10 The scope of this guideline is limited to atherosclerotic disease of the lower extrem- ity arteries (PAD) and includes disease of the aortoiliac, femoropopliteal, and infrapopliteal arterial segments? It does not address nonatherosclerotic causes of lower ex- tremity arterial disease, such as vasculitis, fibromuscular (...) 2016 AHA/ACC Guideline on the Management of Patients With Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease March 21, 2017 Circulation. 2017;135:e726–e779. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000471 e726 WRITING COMMITTEE MEMBERS* Marie D. Gerhard-Herman, MD, FACC, FAHA, Chair Heather L. Gornik, MD, FACC, FAHA, FSVM, Vice Chair* Coletta Barrett, RN† Neal R. Barshes, MD, MPH‡ Matthew A. Corriere, MD, MS, FAHA§ Douglas E. Drachman, MD, FACC, FSCAI*¦ Lee A. Fleisher, MD, FACC, FAHA¶ Francis Gerry R. Fowkes, MD

2017 American Heart Association

9. Associations of airway tree to lung volume ratio on computed tomography with lung function and symptoms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (PubMed)

airway and lung sizes on lung function and symptoms. The present study examined these effects by establishing a novel computed tomography (CT) index, namely, airway volume percent (AWV%), which was defined as a percentage ratio of the airway tree to lung volume.Inspiratory chest CT, pulmonary function, and COPD Assessment Tests (CAT) were analysed in 147 stable males with COPD. The whole airway tree was automatically segmented, and the percentage ratio of the airway tree volume in the right upper (...) (FEV1) and ratio of residual volume to total lung capacity (RV/TLC) than Ai, Ai to lung volume ratio, and volume of either the lung or the airway tree. Multivariate analyses showed that lower AWV% was associated with lower FEV1 and higher RV/TLC, independent of LAV%, WA%, and TAC.A disproportionally small airway tree with a relatively large lung could lead to airflow obstruction and gas trapping in COPD. AWV% is an easily measured CT biomarker that may elucidate the clinical impacts of the airway

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2019 Respiratory research

10. Diagnosis of Right Lower Quadrant Pain and Suspected Acute Appendicitis

= right lower quadrant; RUQ = right upper quadrant Sensitivity, relative sensitivity, specificity, and relative specificity values are medians and 95% central credible intervals when 5 or more studies were available; medians and minimum to maximum values are reported when =2005 9 0.86 (0.71 to 0.95) 0.68 (0.45 to 0.86) Ambulatory setting no 10 0.85 (0.70 to 0.94) 0.84 (0.18 to 4.74) 0.64 (0.42 to 0.82) 1.43 (0.34 to 7.16) yes 5 0.83 (0.58 to 0.96) 0.72 (0.44 to 0.91) Surgical cohorts no 9 0.86 (0.70 (...) Diagnosis of Right Lower Quadrant Pain and Suspected Acute Appendicitis Diagnosis of Right Lower Quadrant Pain and Suspected Acute Appendicitis Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 157 Comparative Effectiveness Review Number 157 Diagnosis of Right Lower Quadrant Pain and Suspected Acute Appendicitis Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857 www.ahrq.gov Contract No. 290-2012-00012-I Prepared

2016 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

11. Effects of Upper and Lower Cervical Spinal Manipulative Therapy on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability in Volunteers and Patients With Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled, Cross-Over, Preliminary Study. (PubMed)

Effects of Upper and Lower Cervical Spinal Manipulative Therapy on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability in Volunteers and Patients With Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled, Cross-Over, Preliminary Study. The aims of this study were to examine autonomic nervous system responses by using heart rate variability analysis (HRV), hemodynamic parameters and numeric pain scale (NPS) when either upper (C1 and C2) or lower (C6 and C7) cervical segments were manipulated in volunteers, and whether (...) such response would be altered in acute mechanical neck pain patients after spinal manipulative therapy (SMT).A randomized controlled, cross-over, preliminary study was conducted on 10 asymptomatic normotensive volunteers and 10 normotensive patients complaining of acute neck pain. HRV, blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR), and NPS were recorded after upper cervical and lower cervical segments SMT in volunteer and patient groups.The standard deviation of average normal to normal R-R intervals (SDNN

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2015 Journal of chiropractic medicine

12. Comparison of scapular position and upper extremity muscle strength in patients with and without lateral epicondylalgia: a case-control study. (PubMed)

, grip strength, UT/MT ratio, and scapular position are affected in patients with LE. In addition to the elbow, focusing on the upper segments is essential in the management of LE.Copyright © 2019 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (...) Comparison of scapular position and upper extremity muscle strength in patients with and without lateral epicondylalgia: a case-control study. The symptoms of lateral epicondylalgia (LE) can be persistent, and recurrence is frequent. Recurrence can be related to proximal segment impairment of the kinetic chain. Knowledge of any relation in the kinetic chain in LE may help treatment. We aimed to investigate scapular position and upper extremity muscle strength in patients with LE and to compare

2019 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

13. The conus medullaris ratio: A new way to identify tethered cord on MRI. (PubMed)

The conus medullaris ratio: A new way to identify tethered cord on MRI. Approximately 25% of patients with anorectal malformation have tethered cord. The traditional way of determining conus medullaris level on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) relies on counting vertebrae, which may be challenging due to vertebral numeric variation, segmentation anomalies, as well as transitional vertebral body anatomy. The purpose of this study was to utilize more reliable anatomic landmarks (foramen magnum (...) , conus termination, and the upper limit of the iliac crest) to establish a consistent ratio that may differentiate patients with normal and low-lying conus.A single institution database search identified two groups of patients: 255 with normal and 85 with abnormal spinal MRI, who underwent tethered cord release. The conus medullaris ratio was calculated in both groups. The ratio was obtained by dividing the distance between the conus level and the iliac crest by the distance between the foramen

2018 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

14. Envarsus on the Effect of Total Tacrolimus Dose/Trough Level Ratio on Renal Function (eGFR) in Kidney Transplantation

Envarsus on the Effect of Total Tacrolimus Dose/Trough Level Ratio on Renal Function (eGFR) in Kidney Transplantation Envarsus on the Effect of Total Tacrolimus Dose/Trough Level Ratio on Renal Function (eGFR) in Kidney Transplantation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Envarsus on the Effect of Total Tacrolimus Dose/Trough Level Ratio on Renal Function (eGFR) in Kidney Transplantation The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details

2018 Clinical Trials

15. Management of Acute ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) ? (3rd Edition)

Management of Acute ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) ? (3rd Edition) MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE ST SEGMENT ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (STEMI) 2014 - ( 3RD EDITION ) CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES NATIONAL HEART ASSOCIATION MALAYSIA MINISTRY OF HEALTH MALAYSIA ACADEMY OF MEDICINE MALAYSIA MOH/P/PAK/276.14 (GU)BLANK INSIDE FRONT COVERThis guideline is meant to be a guide for clinical practice, based on the best available evidence at the time of development. Adherence (...) the team of authors and reviewers for their time and valuable contribu- tions. I believe this CPG will be an invaluable document for healthcare providers involved in the management of STEMI and subsequently to im- prove health outcomes associated with this deadly condition. (Datuk Dr. Noor Hisham bin Abdullah) The Director General of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia ST segment myocardial infarction (STEMI) is the most deadly among the clinical presentations of acute coro- nary syndrome (ACS). Unlike

2014 Ministry of Health, Malaysia

16. Low incidence of adjacent segment disease after posterior lumbar interbody fusion with minimum disc distraction: A preliminary report. (PubMed)

of L3 on extension as the sole risk factor for ASD after PLIF with minimum disc distraction (odds ratio, 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-4.05; P = .049).The incidence of ASD in this study was lower than that of ASD in our previous study about PLIF with distraction of disc space (12.2% vs. 31.8%). Minimum disc distraction by selection of low-height interbody cages is a simple and effective method to prevent ASD at the surgeons' discretion, although preexisting retrolisthesis at the adjacent upper (...) Low incidence of adjacent segment disease after posterior lumbar interbody fusion with minimum disc distraction: A preliminary report. A retrospective review of prospectively collected data.To investigate the incidence of radiographic and symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASD) and identify possible risk factors for ASD after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with minimum disc distraction by selecting low-height interbody cages.Excessive disc space distraction is reportedly 1

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2018 Medicine

17. Effects of GSK2798745 on Alveolar Barrier Disruption in a Segmental Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) Challenge Model

, parallel group, double-blind (sponsor-open), segmental LPS challenge study of GSK2798745 in healthy subjects. Subjects will be randomised in a ratio of 1:1 to take 2 single doses of either 4.8 milligrams GSK2798745 followed by 2.4 milligrams GSK2798745 after 12 hours or a dose of placebo followed by another dose of placebo after 12 hours. The first dose will be administered on Day 1 at 2 hours before Baseline bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) sampling from a segment in the left lower lobe of lung. LPS 4 (...) : Baseline adjusted total protein concentration in BAL samples at 24 hours after segmental LPS challenge [ Time Frame: At 26 hours post-dose ] Subjects will undergo segmental challenge to the lungs, via bronchoscopy, at 2 hours after the first dose of investigational medicinal product. BAL samples will be taken, via bronchoscopy, to measure total protein. Baseline samples will be taken immediately before the LPS and saline challenges, from a segment in the left lower lobe, and post-challenge samples

2018 Clinical Trials

18. A Pilot Study to Assess Treatment of Patients With Homogeneous Emphysema Using Sequential Segmental Bronchoscopic Thermal Vapor Ablation (NEXT STEP)

Eligible for Study: All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Age > or equal to 40 and ≤ 75 years old At least one lung with a homogeneous distribution of emphysema (defined as a heterogeneity index < 1.2 when calculated as the ratio of upper lobe to lower lobe %-950 and when calculated as the ratio of lower lobe to upper lobe %-950) and a fissure integrity score < 95% as measured by CT Contralateral lung (to lung targeted for the initial BTVA treatment) with tissue to air ratio (...) A Pilot Study to Assess Treatment of Patients With Homogeneous Emphysema Using Sequential Segmental Bronchoscopic Thermal Vapor Ablation (NEXT STEP) A Pilot Study to Assess Treatment of Patients With Homogeneous Emphysema Using Sequential Segmental Bronchoscopic Thermal Vapor Ablation (NEXT STEP) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved

2018 Clinical Trials

19. Management of acute upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding

Management of acute upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network SIGN Management of acute upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding A national clinical guideline September 2008 105 Help us to improve SIGN guidelines - click here to complete our survey This document is produced from elemental chlorine-free material and is sourced from sustainable forests KEY TO EVIDENCE STATEMENTS AND GRADES OF RECOMMENDATIONS LEVELS OF EVIDENCE 1 ++ High quality meta (...) detail at the time of publication. However, in the event of errors or omissions corrections will be published in the web version of this document, which is the definitive version at all times. This version can be found on our web site www.sign.ac.ukScottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network Management of acute upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding A national clinical guideline September 2008ManageMent of acute upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding isbn 978 1 905813 37 7 published september

2008 SIGN

20. Acute Myocardial Infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation

Acute Myocardial Infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation ESC GUIDELINES ESC Guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation The Task Force on the management of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Authors/Task Force Members: Ph. Gabriel Steg (Chairperson) (France)*, Stefan K. James (Chairperson) (Sweden) * , Dan Atar (Norway), Luigi P. Badano (Italy), Carina (...) -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- --- - - - - - - --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- --- -- -- -- Keywords Guidelines † Acute myocardial infarction † ST-segment elevation † Acute coronary syndromes Ischaemic heart disease † Reperfusion therapy † Primary percutaneous coronary intervention Antithrombotic therapy † Secondary prevention Table of Contents Abbreviations and Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2570 1. Preamble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2572 2. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2573

2012 European Society of Cardiology

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