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Units of Measure

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101. Young child poverty in the United States: Analyzing trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs using the Supplemental Poverty Measure (PubMed)

Young child poverty in the United States: Analyzing trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs using the Supplemental Poverty Measure Between 1968 and 2013, the poverty rate of young children age 0 to 5 years fell by nearly one third, in large part because of the role played by anti-poverty programs. However, young children in the U.S. still face a much higher rate of poverty than do older children in the U.S. They also continue to have a much higher poverty rate than do young (...) children in other developed countries around the world. In this paper, we provide a detailed analysis of trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs in addressing poverty among young children, using an improved measure of poverty, the Supplemental Poverty Measure. We examine changes over time and the current status, both for young children overall and for key subgroups (by child age, and by child race/ethnicity). Our findings can be summarized in three key points. First, poverty among all

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2017 Children and youth services review

102. Utility of measuring direct bilirubin at first 72h of age in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (PubMed)

Utility of measuring direct bilirubin at first 72h of age in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit To assess the utility of measuring direct bilirubin (DB) during the first 72 h of life in infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Infants born between May 2006 and June 2013, and admitted to the NICU were included. Abnormal DB was defined as: DB level⩾1 mg dl-1 with a corresponding TB of ⩽5 mg dl-1 or DB level >20% of the corresponding TB>5 mg dl-1.The DB levels (...) were measured in 3715 infants during the first 72 h of life. Sixty-three infants (1.7%) had abnormal DB. In a number of infants with potentially treatable diseases (biliary atresia and choledochal cyst), the only abnormal finding was a mildly elevated DB (1 to 2 mg dl-1) during the first 3 days of life. In 22 infants (35%), the cause for high DB was unknown (16%) or not investigated (19%).Routine measurement of DB in neonates admitted to NICU may be helpful in identifying potentially treatable

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2017 Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association

103. Measuring the Prevalence of Diagnosed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the United States Using Data From the 2012-2014 National Health Interview Survey (PubMed)

Measuring the Prevalence of Diagnosed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the United States Using Data From the 2012-2014 National Health Interview Survey This study, measuring the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), examined (1) whether a single survey question asking explicitly about diagnosed COPD is sufficient to identify US adults with COPD and (2) how this measure compares with estimating COPD prevalence using survey questions on diagnosed emphysema (...) and/or chronic bronchitis and all 3 survey questions together.We used data from the 2012-2014 National Health Interview Survey to examine different measures of prevalence among 7211 US adults who reported a diagnosed respiratory condition (ie, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and/or COPD).We estimated a significantly higher prevalence of COPD by using a measure accounting for all 3 diagnoses (6.1%; 95% CI, 5.9%-6.3%) than by using a measure of COPD diagnosis only (3.0%; 95% CI, 2.8%-3.1%) or a measure

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2017 Public Health Reports

104. The international food unit: a new measurement aid that can improve portion size estimation (PubMed)

The international food unit: a new measurement aid that can improve portion size estimation Portion size education tools, aids and interventions can be effective in helping prevent weight gain. However consumers have difficulties in estimating food portion sizes and are confused by inconsistencies in measurement units and terminologies currently used. Visual cues are an important mediator of portion size estimation, but standardized measurement units are required. In the current study, we (...) present a new food volume estimation tool and test the ability of young adults to accurately quantify food volumes. The International Food Unit™ (IFU™) is a 4x4x4 cm cube (64cm3), subdivided into eight 2 cm sub-cubes for estimating smaller food volumes. Compared with currently used measures such as cups and spoons, the IFU™ standardizes estimation of food volumes with metric measures. The IFU™ design is based on binary dimensional increments and the cubic shape facilitates portion size education

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2017 The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity

105. Validation of a Step Detection Algorithm during Straight Walking and Turning in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease and Older Adults Using an Inertial Measurement Unit at the Lower Back (PubMed)

Validation of a Step Detection Algorithm during Straight Walking and Turning in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease and Older Adults Using an Inertial Measurement Unit at the Lower Back Inertial measurement units (IMUs) positioned on various body locations allow detailed gait analysis even under unconstrained conditions. From a medical perspective, the assessment of vulnerable populations is of particular relevance, especially in the daily-life environment. Gait analysis algorithms need (...) )/90% (older adults) sensitivity, 83/88% specificity, and 88/89% accuracy. The detection of steps during non-turning phases reached 91/91% sensitivity, 90/90% specificity, and 91/91% accuracy.This cwt-based algorithm for step detection measured at the lower back is in high agreement with the optoelectronic system in both PD patients and older adults. This approach and algorithm thus could provide a valuable tool for future research on home-based gait analysis in these vulnerable cohorts.

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2017 Frontiers in neurology

106. Validation of a High Sampling Rate Inertial Measurement Unit for Acceleration During Running (PubMed)

Validation of a High Sampling Rate Inertial Measurement Unit for Acceleration During Running The musculo-skeletal response of athletes to various activities during training exercises has become a critical issue in order to optimize their performance and minimize injuries. However, dynamic and kinematic measures of an athlete's activity are generally limited by constraints in data collection and technology. Thus, the choice of reliable and accurate sensors is crucial for gathering data in indoor (...) and outdoor conditions. The aim of this study is to validate the use of the accelerometer of a high sampling rate ( 1344 Hz ) Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) in the frame of running activities. To this end, two validation protocols are imposed: a classical one on a shaker, followed by another one during running, the IMU being attached to a test subject. For each protocol, the response of the IMU Accelerometer (IMUA) is compared to a calibrated industrial accelerometer, considered as the gold standard

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2017 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

107. A method exploiting direct communication between phasor measurement units for power system wide-area protection and control algorithms (PubMed)

A method exploiting direct communication between phasor measurement units for power system wide-area protection and control algorithms Synchrophasor measurements from Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) are the primary sensors used to deploy Wide-Area Monitoring, Protection and Control (WAMPAC) systems. PMUs stream out synchrophasor measurements through the IEEE C37.118.2 protocol using TCP/IP or UDP/IP. The proposed method establishes a direct communication between two PMUs, thus eliminating (...) the requirement of an intermediate phasor data concentrator, data mediator and/or protocol parser and thereby ensuring minimum communication latency without considering communication link delays. This method allows utilizing synchrophasor measurements internally in a PMU to deploy custom protection and control algorithms. These algorithms are deployed using protection logic equations which are supported by all the PMU vendors. Moreover, this method reduces overall equipment cost as the algorithms execute

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2017 MethodsX

108. Validation of Inertial Measurement Units for Upper Body Kinematics (PubMed)

Validation of Inertial Measurement Units for Upper Body Kinematics The purpose of this study was to validate a commercially available inertial measurement unit (IMU) system against a standard lab-based motion capture system for the measurement of shoulder elevation, elbow flexion, trunk flexion/extension, and neck flexion/extension kinematics. The validation analyses were applied to 6 surgical faculty members performing a standard, simulated surgical training task that mimics minimally invasive (...) surgery. Three-dimensional joint kinematics were simultaneously recorded by an optical motion capture system and an IMU system with 6 sensors placed on the head, chest, and bilateral upper and lower arms. The sensor-to-segment axes alignment was accomplished manually. The IMU neck and trunk IMU flexion/extension angles were accurate to within 2.9 ± 0.9 degrees and 1.6 ± 1.1°, respectively. The IMU shoulder elevation measure was accurate to within 6.8 ± 2.7° and the elbow flexion measure was accurate

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2017 Journal of applied biomechanics

109. Comparing volume-clamp method and intra-arterial blood pressure measurements in patients with atrial fibrillation admitted to the intensive or medium care unit (PubMed)

Comparing volume-clamp method and intra-arterial blood pressure measurements in patients with atrial fibrillation admitted to the intensive or medium care unit International guidelines highlight the importance of blood pressure (BP) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, BP measurement in AF is complicated by beat-to-beat fluctuation. Automated BP measurement devices are not validated for patients with AF and no consensus exists on how to measure BP in AF manually. Beat-to-beat BP (...) measurement using the volume-clamp method (VCM) could represent a non-invasive method to accurately assess BP, but has not been validated in AF. 31 admitted patients with sustained AF and 10 control patients with sinus rhythm underwent simultaneous intra-arterial and non-invasive BP measurement using a VCM monitor (Nexfin®, BMEYE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands). Patients with compromised peripheral perfusion, high doses of vasopressor drugs or peripheral edema were excluded. Differences in systolic

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2017 Journal of clinical monitoring and computing

110. Using CollaboRATE, a brief patient‐reported measure of shared decision making: Results from three clinical settings in the United States (PubMed)

Using CollaboRATE, a brief patient‐reported measure of shared decision making: Results from three clinical settings in the United States CollaboRATE is a brief patient survey focused on shared decision making. This paper aims to (i) provide insight on facilitators and challenges to implementing a real-time patient survey and (ii) evaluate CollaboRATE scores and response rates across multiple clinical settings with varied patient populations.All adult patients at three United States primary (...) in diverse primary care settings. A clinic's workflow plays a crucial role in implementation. Patient experience measurement risks becoming a burden to both patients and administrators. Episodic use of short measurement tools could reduce this burden.© 2017 The Authors Health Expectations Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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2017 Health expectations : an international journal of public participation in health care and health policy

111. Full-Body Locomotion Reconstruction of Virtual Characters Using a Single Inertial Measurement Unit (PubMed)

Full-Body Locomotion Reconstruction of Virtual Characters Using a Single Inertial Measurement Unit This paper presents a method of reconstructing full-body locomotion sequences for virtual characters in real-time, using data from a single inertial measurement unit (IMU). This process can be characterized by its difficulty because of the need to reconstruct a high number of degrees of freedom (DOFs) from a very low number of DOFs. To solve such a complex problem, the presented method is divided

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2017 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

112. Improving low-cost inertial-measurement-unit (IMU)-based motion tracking accuracy for a biomorphic hyper-redundant snake robot (PubMed)

Improving low-cost inertial-measurement-unit (IMU)-based motion tracking accuracy for a biomorphic hyper-redundant snake robot This paper develops and experimentally validates a 3D-printed snake robot prototype. Its structure is designed to allocate limited room for each functional module (including an external power module, battery power module, the wireless control and transmission module and some detective sensors), so as to ensure the snake robot works in different environments. In order (...) to control and track the snake robot, a low-cost MEMS-IMU (micro-electro-mechanical systems inertial measurement unit)-based snake robot motion tracking system is developed. Three algorithms (low-pass filter, baseline calibration, and Kalman filter) are used to eliminate noise from IMU's acceleration data, thus minimizing the noise influence to tracking accuracy. Through signal processing, the IMU acceleration data can be effectively used for motion tracking. The result from the video tracking software

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2017 Robotics and biomimetics

113. Guideline development and education to insure accurate and consistent pulmonary artery wedge pressure measurement by nurses in intensive care units. (PubMed)

Guideline development and education to insure accurate and consistent pulmonary artery wedge pressure measurement by nurses in intensive care units. A consistent pulmonary artery wedge pressure measurement is vital to insure that patients have the proper fluid balance and that the healthcare team obtain accurate information on the patients' ventricular function. This article discusses how guidelines for pulmonary artery wedge pressure measurement were developed and implemented at one facility (...) . To implement and ensure that the guidelines were effective, nurses received a copy of guidelines for pulmonary artery wedge pressure measurement and they were posted in the intensive care unit. A pretest was completed before nurses were given the guidelines, and a posttest was completed after nurses reviewed the guidelines. This fast and simple method of education was found to increase nurses' knowledge of how to measure pulmonary artery wedge pressure. These results are encouraging and warrant extending

2017 Dimensions of critical care nursing

114. Misleading measurements: modeling the effects of blood pressure misclassification in a United States population. (PubMed)

Misleading measurements: modeling the effects of blood pressure misclassification in a United States population. The clinical diagnosis of hypertension is subject to misclassification, and this may be clinically important. This article calculates positive and negative predictive values for blood pressure measurement and assesses the frequency of clinically important blood pressure misclassification.A modeling study was carried out on 4763 adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination (...) Survey (NHANES) POPULATION: True treatment eligibility was determined by applying Joint National Committee (JNC) VII criteria to individuals in the study population. Each individual was also allocated a series of blood pressures incorporating an error term reflecting day-to-day measurement variation. Test positives are persons classified as needing treatment on the basis of the mean of 2 blood pressure measurements.Positive predictive values of a diagnosis of hypertension based on 2 measurements were

2017 Medical Decision Making

115. 2017 AHA/ACC Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Adults With ST-Elevation and Non?ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures

2017 AHA/ACC Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Adults With ST-Elevation and Non?ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures 2017 AHA/ACC Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Adults With ST-Elevation and Non–ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures | Circulation (...) : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search April 2019 March 2019 February 2019 January 2019 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article 2017 AHA/ACC Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Adults With ST-Elevation and Non–ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart

2017 American Heart Association

116. Infection Control for Haemodialysis Units

. The strict implementation of standard precautions and cleaning protocols have been shown to be sufficient to interrupt HCV transmission and achieve reductions in HCV incidence even without isolation measures and the use of dedicated machines [59, 80]. HEPATITIS B VIRUS ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Infectious diseases in haemodialysis units November-2018 Page 23 of 63 The prevalence of HBV in HD patients in the Asia-pacific (...) Infection Control for Haemodialysis Units ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Infectious diseases in haemodialysis units November-2018 Page 1 of 63 INFECTION CONTROL FOR HAEMODIALYSIS UNITS Components I. Prevention of blood-borne virus transmission in haemodialysis units Date written: November 2017 Author: Dr Nicole Gilroy, Dr Muh Geot Wong II. Screening for multidrug-resistant organisms in haemodialysis patients Date

2019 KHA-CARI Guidelines

117. Clinical practice guidelines for pain, agitation, delirium, sedation and mobilisation in the intensive care unit: A Rapid Review

Clinical practice guidelines for pain, agitation, delirium, sedation and mobilisation in the intensive care unit: A Rapid Review ICU pain, agitation, delirium, sedation and mobilisation CPGs: A Rapid Review 1 Clinical practice guidelines for pain, agitation, delirium, sedation and mobilisation in the intensive care unit: A Rapid Review Citation Corey Joseph & Angela Melder. April 2018. Clinical practice guidelines for pain, agitation, delirium, sedation and mobilisation in the intensive care (...) unit: A Rapid Review. Centre for Clinical Effectiveness, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia. Contact cce@monashhealth.org Executive Summary Background The Program Medical Director for Critical Care has requested a review of clinical practice guidelines for pain, agitation, delirium, sedation and mobilisation in the intensive care unit (ICU) to inform future implementation of a new clinical practice guideline in the ICU. Objectives The objective of this review was to review and summarise current

2019 Monash Health Evidence Reviews

118. BIS monitoring versus clinical assessment for sedation in mechanically ventilated adults in the intensive care unit and its impact on clinical outcomes and resource utilization. (PubMed)

BIS monitoring versus clinical assessment for sedation in mechanically ventilated adults in the intensive care unit and its impact on clinical outcomes and resource utilization. Patients admitted to intensive care and on mechanical ventilation, are administered sedative and analgesic drugs to improve both their comfort and interaction with the ventilator. Optimizing sedation practice may reduce mortality, improve patient comfort and reduce cost. Current practice is to use scales or scores (...) procedures have already been confirmed by another Cochrane review. By undertaking a well-conducted systematic review our aim was to find out if BIS monitoring improves outcomes in mechanically ventilated adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients.To assess the effects of BIS monitoring compared with clinical sedation assessment on ICU length of stay (LOS), duration of mechanical ventilation, any cause mortality, risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), risk of adverse events (e.g. self-extubation

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2018 Cochrane

119. Propofol for the promotion of sleep in adults in the intensive care unit. (PubMed)

Propofol for the promotion of sleep in adults in the intensive care unit. People in the intensive care unit (ICU) experience sleep deprivation caused by environmental disruption, such as high noise levels and 24-hour lighting, as well as increased patient care activities and invasive monitoring as part of their care. Sleep deprivation affects physical and psychological health, and people perceive the quality of their sleep to be poor whilst in the ICU. Propofol is an anaesthetic agent which can (...) study comparing propofol with no agent (13 participants) measured quantity and quality of sleep using polysomnography; study authors reported no evidence of a difference in duration of sleep or sleep efficiency, and reported disruption to usual REM (rapid eye movement sleep) with propofol.One study comparing different doses of propofol (30 participants) measured quantity and quality of sleep by personnel using the Ramsay Sedation Scale; study authors reported that more participants who were given

2018 Cochrane

120. Early intervention (mobilization or active exercise) for critically ill adults in the intensive care unit. (PubMed)

Early intervention (mobilization or active exercise) for critically ill adults in the intensive care unit. Survivors of critical illness often experience a multitude of problems that begin in the intensive care unit (ICU) or present and continue after discharge. These can include muscle weakness, cognitive impairments, psychological difficulties, reduced physical function such as in activities of daily living (ADLs), and decreased quality of life. Early interventions such as mobilizations (...) exercises. Included studies were at high risk of performance bias, as they were not blinded to participants and personnel, and two of four did not blind outcome assessors. Three of four studies reported only on those participants who completed the study, with high rates of dropout. The description of intervention type, dose, intensity and frequency in the standard care control group was poor in two of four studies.Three studies (a total of 454 participants) reported at least one measure of physical

2018 Cochrane

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