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61. Patient isolation measures for infants with candida colonization or infection for preventing or reducing transmission of candida in neonatal units. (PubMed)

Patient isolation measures for infants with candida colonization or infection for preventing or reducing transmission of candida in neonatal units. Candida is a common nosocomial infection and is associated with increased healthcare costs. In neonates, candida infection is associated with high mortality and morbidity and is transmitted by direct and indirect contact. Patient isolation measures, i.e. single room isolation or cohorting, are usually recommended for infections that spread (...) of the Pediatric Academic Societies (from 1987) and ongoing trials were searched.Types of studies: Cluster randomized trials (where clusters may be defined by hospital, ward, or other subunits of the hospital).Neonatal units caring for infants colonized or infected with Candida. Types of interventions: A policy of patient isolation measures (single room isolation or cohorting of infants with Candida colonization or infection) compared to routine isolation measures.The standard methods of the Cochrane Neonatal

2011 Cochrane

62. Cross-sectional study: Mothers of very preterm infants experience less stress and depressive symptoms if the neonatal unit has good measures to reduce painful experiences for the infant

Cross-sectional study: Mothers of very preterm infants experience less stress and depressive symptoms if the neonatal unit has good measures to reduce painful experiences for the infant Mothers of very preterm infants experience less stress and depressive symptoms if the neonatal unit has good measures to reduce painful experiences for the infant | Evidence-Based Nursing We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings (...) less stress and depressive symptoms if the neonatal unit has good measures to reduce painful experiences for the infant Article Text Child health Cross-sectional study Mothers of very preterm infants experience less stress and depressive symptoms if the neonatal unit has good measures to reduce painful experiences for the infant Peter H Gray Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on : Montirosso R , Fedeli C , Del Prete A , et al . Maternal stress and depressive symptoms associated with quality

2015 Evidence-Based Nursing

63. 2018 ACC/AHA Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures

2018 ACC/AHA Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures 2018 ACC/AHA Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures | Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me (...) logged in Search April 2019 March 2019 February 2019 January 2019 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article 2018 ACC/AHA Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures , MD, MS, MAACVPR, FACC, FAHA , MD, FAHA , MD , PhD, FAHA , MHA , MPH , MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA

2018 American Heart Association

64. Impact of Mindfulness Training on Physiological Measures of Stress and Objective Measures of Attention Control in a Military Helicopter Unit (PubMed)

Impact of Mindfulness Training on Physiological Measures of Stress and Objective Measures of Attention Control in a Military Helicopter Unit Objective: This study sought to determine if mindfulness training (MT) has a measurable impact on stress and attentional control as measured by objective physiological and psychological means. Background: Periods of persistent, intensive work demands are known to compromise recovery and attentional capacity. The effects of 4-month MT on salivary cortisol (...) and performance on 2 computer-based cognitive tasks were tested on a military helicopter unit exposed to a prolonged period of high workload. Methods: MT participants were compared to a wait list control group on levels of saliva cortisol and performance on a go-no go test and a test of stimulus-driven attentional capture. Participants also reported mental demands on the go-no go test, time of wakeup, sleep duration, quality of sleep, outcome expectancies, physical activity level, self-perceived mindfulness

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2016 The International journal of aviation psychology

65. A systematic review finds limited data on measurement properties of instruments measuring outcomes in adult intensive care unit survivors. (PubMed)

A systematic review finds limited data on measurement properties of instruments measuring outcomes in adult intensive care unit survivors. There is a growing number of studies evaluating the physical, cognitive, mental health, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes of adults surviving critical illness. However, there is little consensus on the most appropriate instruments to measure these outcomes. To inform the development of such consensus, we conducted a systematic review (...) of the performance characteristics of instruments measuring physical, cognitive, mental health, and HRQOL outcomes in adult intensive care unit (ICU) survivors.We searched PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and The Cochrane Library in March 2015. We also conducted manual searches of reference lists of eligible studies and relevant review articles. Two people independently selected studies, completed data abstraction, and assessed the quality of eligible studies

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2016 Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

66. Gait-force model and inertial measurement unit-based measurements: A new approach for gait analysis and balance monitoring (PubMed)

Gait-force model and inertial measurement unit-based measurements: A new approach for gait analysis and balance monitoring This work describes a new approach for gait analysis and balance measurement. It uses an inertial measurement unit (IMU) that can either be embedded inside a dynamically unstable platform for balance measurement or mounted on the lower back of a human participant for gait analysis.The acceleration data along three Cartesian coordinates is analyzed by the gait-force model (...) to extract bio-mechanics information in both the dynamic state as in the gait analyzer and the steady state as in the balance scale. For the gait analyzer, the simple, noninvasive and versatile approach makes it appealing to a broad range of applications in clinical diagnosis, rehabilitation monitoring, athletic training, sport-apparel design, and many other areas. For the balance scale, it provides a portable platform to measure the postural deviation and the balance index under visual or vestibular

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2016 Journal of exercise science and fitness

67. Effect of three types of horseshoes and unshod feet on selected non-podal forelimb kinematic variables measured by an extremity mounted inertial measurement unit sensor system in sound horses at the trot under conditions of treadmill and soft geotextile s (PubMed)

Effect of three types of horseshoes and unshod feet on selected non-podal forelimb kinematic variables measured by an extremity mounted inertial measurement unit sensor system in sound horses at the trot under conditions of treadmill and soft geotextile s Therapeutic farriery is part of the management of certain orthopaedic conditions. Non-podal parameters are important as most horses shod with therapeutic shoes are expected to perform again and the choice of shoe type may be influenced (...) by the effects they may have on gait. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of three different shoe designs and unshod front feet on forelimb non-podal kinematic variables using an extremity mounted inertial measurement unit (IMU) system under conditions of treadmill and overground exercise on a soft geotextile surface at the trot. Ten sound horses with no underlying orthopaedic problem were instrumented with eight IMUs at distal radii, tibia and third metacarpal/tarsal regions

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2018 Veterinary record open

68. A Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Sensitivity of a Number of Clinical and Psychological Outcome Measures for Cancer Patients Being Treated at the Hospital Day Care Unit or (Partially) at Home

A Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Sensitivity of a Number of Clinical and Psychological Outcome Measures for Cancer Patients Being Treated at the Hospital Day Care Unit or (Partially) at Home A Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Sensitivity of a Number of Clinical and Psychological Outcome Measures for Cancer Patients Being Treated at the Hospital Day Care Unit or (Partially) at Home - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting (...) registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Sensitivity of a Number of Clinical and Psychological Outcome Measures for Cancer Patients Being Treated at the Hospital Day Care Unit or (Partially) at Home The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study

2017 Clinical Trials

69. Assessing the impact of quality improvement measures on catheter related blood stream infections and catheter salvage: Experience from a national intestinal failure unit. (PubMed)

Assessing the impact of quality improvement measures on catheter related blood stream infections and catheter salvage: Experience from a national intestinal failure unit. Prevention of catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI) and salvage of infected central venous catheters (CVC) are vital to maintaining long term venous access in patients needing home parenteral nutrition (HPN). It remains unclear as to whether patients are best trained for catheter care at home or in hospital (...) or whether CRBSIs are lower if the patient self-cares for the CVC. Furthermore, there is minimal data on the longer term outcome following salvage of infected catheter and limited consensus on agreed protocols for catheter salvage.We conducted a retrospective 5-year evaluation of CRBSI occurrence and CVC salvage outcomes in adult patients requiring HPN managed at a national UK Intestinal Failure Unit from 2012 to 2016. Prior to 2012, patients were primarily trained to administer PN in hospital

2017 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

70. Association Between Discrimination and Objective and Subjective Sleep Measures in the Midlife in the United States Study Adult Sample. (PubMed)

Association Between Discrimination and Objective and Subjective Sleep Measures in the Midlife in the United States Study Adult Sample. Evidence suggests that sleep quality is worse in nonwhite minorities compared with whites. Poor sleep is associated with higher levels of perceived interpersonal discrimination, which is consistently reported among minorities. However, the literature is limited in exploring discrimination with both objective and subjective sleep outcomes in the same sample. We (...) examined the relationship between discrimination and markers of subjective and objective sleep in a racially diverse sample.The analytic sample included 441 participants of the Midlife in the United States II (MIDUS) study (M [SD] age, 46.6 [1.03]; female, 57.9%; male, 42.1%; nonwhite, 31.7%). Complete data were available for 361 participants. Sleep measures included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, sleep latency, wake after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency derived from 7-day actigraphy

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2017 Psychosomatic Medicine

71. Comparison of Measures of Adherence to HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis among Adolescent and Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States. (PubMed)

Comparison of Measures of Adherence to HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis among Adolescent and Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States. Young men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) are disproportionately impacted by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could reduce HIV acquisition among youth, but suboptimal adherence threatens effectiveness. Optimal metrics of PrEP adherence among adolescents have remain undefined.The Adolescent Trials Network 110/113 studies (...) provided daily oral PrEP with tenofovir (TFV) disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine over 48 weeks to a diverse population of MSM (aged 15-22 years). Self-reported adherence was assessed and PrEP drug concentrations measured from hair and dried blood spot (DBS) samples; 23% of participants received Wisepill electronic monitoring devices. The average number of PrEP doses per week taken was estimated, and concordance between measures assessed.Among 243 participants, hair samples were collected at 1186/1238

2017 Clinical Infectious Diseases

72. Zinc Protoporphyrin-to-Heme Ratio and Ferritin as Measures of Iron Sufficiency in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. (PubMed)

Zinc Protoporphyrin-to-Heme Ratio and Ferritin as Measures of Iron Sufficiency in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. To evaluate ferritin and zinc protoporphyrin-to-heme (ZnPP/H) ratios as biomarkers of iron status in neonates, determine how specific clinical events affected these measures, and assess how iron status changed during hospitalization.We performed a retrospective study of all infants with paired ferritin and ZnPP/H measurements between October 2014 and May 2016. Concordance (...) of these measurements, effects of sepsis, red blood cell transfusion, erythropoietin treatment, and iron supplementation were assessed. Iron status was measured over time.A total of 228 patients (mean birth weight 1.3 kg, median gestational age 29 weeks) were evaluated. Mean log ZnPP/H values in infants with and without sepsis were not significantly different (4.98 µmol/mol vs 4.97 µmol/mol, adjusted P = .103), whereas log-transformed ferritin values increased significantly during infection (5.23 ng/mL vs 4.04 ng

2017 Journal of Pediatrics

73. Measurement error in intensive care unit length of stay estimates due to patient flow. (PubMed)

Measurement error in intensive care unit length of stay estimates due to patient flow. Clinical endpoints measured in terms of duration, such as intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS), are widely used in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and observational research. In analyses of patient-level data from a recent RCT, in which ICU LOS was the primary endpoint, and in administrative data, we showed that additional ICU time is often accrued by patients after they are deemed ready (...) for discharge. This "immutable" time (which cannot plausibly be altered by interventions under study) varies by day, week, and year, adding on average one-third of a day to total LOS. We then used statistical simulations, informed by the administrative data and RCT, to assess the impact of immutable time on the measurement and statistical comparison of patients' ICU LOS. These simulations demonstrated that immutable time combines with clinically necessary ICU time (neither of which is likely to be normally

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2017 American Journal of Epidemiology

74. Measuring the societal impact of psoriasis in the United Kingdom through a non-interventional study of patients. (PubMed)

Measuring the societal impact of psoriasis in the United Kingdom through a non-interventional study of patients. 28646610 2018 01 18 1468-3083 32 1 2018 Jan Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Measuring the societal impact of psoriasis in the United Kingdom through a non-interventional study of patients. e5-e6 10.1111/jdv.14429 Griffiths C E CE The Dermatology Centre, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health

2017 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

75. ASPECTS (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score) Measurement Using Hounsfield Unit Values When Selecting Patients for Stroke Thrombectomy. (PubMed)

ASPECTS (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score) Measurement Using Hounsfield Unit Values When Selecting Patients for Stroke Thrombectomy. The ASPECTS (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score) is a quantitate score that measures the extent of early ischemic changes. Our aim was to investigate how measurement of ASPECTS using Hounsfield unit (HU) values on initial noncontrast head computerized tomography (CT) correlates with the extent of final infarct on follow-up imaging.Cases of acute stroke (...) from the middle cerebral artery M1 occlusion in which complete recanalization (TICI [Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction] 3) was achieved were included for analysis. Using HU ratio (HU affected/HU control hemisphere) and HU difference (HU control-HU affected hemisphere) values, ASPECTS was measured on initial CT imaging and correlated with final ASPECTS at 24 hours. The study cohort consisted of 41 patients with acute stroke from the M1 occlusion. The mean time from stroke symptoms onset

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2017 Stroke

76. Associations Between Anthropometric Measurements and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in White European and South Asian Adults in the United Kingdom. (PubMed)

Associations Between Anthropometric Measurements and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in White European and South Asian Adults in the United Kingdom. To investigate the association of 4 anthropometric measurements with cardiometabolic risk factors in a UK biethnic sample of South Asians (SAs) and white Europeans (WEs).Baseline data were collected from adults of WE and SA origin participating in the Leicester arm of the Anglo-Danish-Dutch Study of Intensive Treatment in People with Screen Detected (...) anthropometric measurement for the ethnically diverse population in the United Kingdom.clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00318032.Copyright © 2017 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2017 Mayo Clinic Proceedings

77. United States Population-Based Estimates of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Symptom and Functional Status Reference Values for Individuals With Cancer. (PubMed)

United States Population-Based Estimates of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Symptom and Functional Status Reference Values for Individuals With Cancer. Purpose To estimate cancer population-based reference values in the United States for eight PROMIS (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) domains by age and stage of disease. Patients and Methods For the Measuring Your Health (MY-Health) study, persons newly diagnosed with cancer (prostate, colorectal (...) interference (55.2 v 50.9, respectively). Conclusion In a large, population-based sample of patients with recently diagnosed cancer, we observed symptom severity and functional deficits by age, stage, and cancer type consistent with the expected impact of cancer diagnosis and treatment. These United States cancer reference values can help facilitate interpretation of the PROMIS domain scores in research studies or in clinical applications that measure and evaluate the symptom and functional burden patients

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2017 Journal of Clinical Oncology

78. Measurement of Distal Ulnar Hounsfield Units Accurately Predicts Bone Mineral Density of the Forearm. (PubMed)

Measurement of Distal Ulnar Hounsfield Units Accurately Predicts Bone Mineral Density of the Forearm. Hounsfield unit (HU) measurement obtained from computed tomography (CT) scans of the wrist is a potential new screening method for low bone mineral density (BMD). We hypothesized that HU measurements of the ulnar head obtained from CT scans would correlate with BMD assessed with dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans of the forearm.Patients with both upper-extremity CT and DXA scans performed (...) at a single institution were included in the study. Hounsfield units were manually measured in the distal part of the ulna by 1 author blinded to the DXA results. Average values were then compared with forearm BMD values as determined with a DXA scan.Seventy-seven CT scans of 74 patients were included. Average HU values were significantly lower in the osteoporotic and osteopenic groups in comparison with the normal BMD group. The upper limit of the 95% confidence interval for osteopenic patients was 145.9

2017 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

79. Measuring the condylar unit in condylar hyperplasia: from the sigmoid notch or from the mandibular lingula? (PubMed)

Measuring the condylar unit in condylar hyperplasia: from the sigmoid notch or from the mandibular lingula? The objective of this study was to determine, in patients with active unilateral condylar hyperplasia, which is the most reliable point to measure the length of the condylar unit: from the sigmoid notch or from the mandibular lingula to the condylar head. On cone beam computed tomography, an observational cross-sectional study was designed for 20 patients with active unilateral condylar (...) hyperplasia. We measured and compared ramus length (affected and healthy sides) and condylar length (measured from the mandibular lingula and from the mandibular sigmoid notch) on both sides. The average of all the differences in ramus height (D.1) was 7.97mm; the average of all the differences in condylar heights measured from mandibular lingula (D.2) was 7.16mm, and measured from the sigmoid notch (D.3) was 4.89mm. No significant difference between D.1 and D.2 (P=0.818). There was a significant

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2017 International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

80. Comparison of ultraviolet A light protection standards in the United States and European Union through in vitro measurements of commercially available sunscreens. (PubMed)

Comparison of ultraviolet A light protection standards in the United States and European Union through in vitro measurements of commercially available sunscreens. The importance of adequate ultraviolet A light (UVA) protection has become apparent in recent years. The United States and Europe have different standards for assessing UVA protection in sunscreen products.We sought to measure the in vitro critical wavelength (CW) and UVA protection factor (PF) of commercially available US sunscreen (...) products and see if they meet standards set by the United States and the European Union.Twenty sunscreen products with sun protection factors ranging from 15 to 100+ were analyzed. Two in vitro UVA protection tests were conducted in accordance with the 2011 US Food and Drug Administration final rule and the 2012 International Organization for Standardization method for sunscreen effectiveness testing.The CW of the tested sunscreens ranged from 367 to 382 nm, and the UVA PF of the products ranged from

2017 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

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