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Undescended Testicle

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1. Advantage of early orchiopexy for undescended testis: Analysis of testicular growth percentage ratio in patients with unilateral undescended testicle (PubMed)

Advantage of early orchiopexy for undescended testis: Analysis of testicular growth percentage ratio in patients with unilateral undescended testicle This study reports the experience of our tertiary referral center and proposes a new indicator, the growth percentage ratio (GPR), for determining the optimal timing of surgical intervention. A retrospective review of boys who underwent orchiopexy for undescended testis from 2001 to 2013 was conducted. We analyzed testicular volumes in different (...) age groups using the UDT to normally descended testis ratio and testicular GPR. A total of 134 boys with unilateral undescended testicle underwent regular ultrasonography follow-up examinations for more than a mean of 3.9 years. Forty-five (33.4%) of them underwent orchiopexy before the age of one year. Orchiopexy at this age resulted in a GPR (2.02 ± 0.40) that was significantly higher than the GPRs in the second (1 < age ≤ 2 years, 1.25 ± 0.13, p = 0.004) and third (age > 2 years, 1.24 ± 0.14 p

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2017 Scientific reports

2. Age at presentation of undescended testicles: a single-center study in Saudi Arabia (PubMed)

Age at presentation of undescended testicles: a single-center study in Saudi Arabia The undescended testis (UDT) is the most common genital anomaly encountered in pediatrics with an estimated incidence of 1% to 4% in full-term and 1% to 45% in preterm newborn boys. Over the years, studies on progressive histological deterioration and cancer risk has led to a change in recommendations for when orchidopexy should be done.Determine age at presentation of patients for UDT to a specialist in Saudi

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2018 Annals of Saudi Medicine

3. Cystic Dysplasia of the Testis in an Intraabdominal Undescended Testicle (PubMed)

Cystic Dysplasia of the Testis in an Intraabdominal Undescended Testicle Cystic dysplasia of the testis is a rare, benign pathologic finding. We present two recent cases of cystic dysplasia of the testis to our practice. The first case involves an 11 month old male presenting with a non-palpable, intra-abdominal left testis. The second case involves a 7 year old male with left scrotal swelling and a history of left renal agenesis. After review of the literature, the first case represents (...) the first report of cystic dysplasia of the testis in an undescended, intra-abdominal testicle.

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2017 Urology case reports

4. Giant seminoma in an undescended testicle metastasizing to the neck and liver (PubMed)

Giant seminoma in an undescended testicle metastasizing to the neck and liver Germ cell tumors account for 98% of all testicular malignancies. Delays in seeking treatment are unfortunately common and may lead to metastatic spread. The present study reported a case of a 24-year-old man with a giant 12×10 cm left inguinal mass and a left neck mass that had grown rapidly during recent months. Computed tomography confirmed that the mass measured 12.1×9.4 cm and was a left undescended testicle

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2016 Molecular and clinical oncology

5. Undescended Testicle

Undescended Testicle Undescended Testicle Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Undescended Testicle Undescended Testicle (...) Aka: Undescended Testicle , Undescended Testes , Undescended Testis , Cryptorchidism II. Definition Cryptorchidism: "Hidden " III. Epidemiology: Incidence Preterm Newborn: 30% Term Newborn: 2.7 to 5.9% Age 6 months: 0.8% persistent Undescended Testicle Bilateral Undescended Testes in 10-20% of cases IV. Differential Diagnosis: Bilateral Undescended Testicle (female ) V. Diagnostics: Bilateral Crytorchidism Pelvic Karyotype VI. Labs: Bilateral Crytorchidism (LH) (FSH) 17-Hydroxyprogesterone

2018 FP Notebook

6. Torsion of the appendix testis in an undescended testicle (PubMed)

Torsion of the appendix testis in an undescended testicle 26958128 2016 10 31 2016 12 30 1937-8688 22 2015 The Pan African medical journal Pan Afr Med J Torsion of the appendix testis in an undescended testicle. 265 10.11604/pamj.2015.22.265.7493 Hajji Fouad F Department of Urology, Mohammed V Military University Hospital, 10100 Rabat, Morocco. Ameur Ahmed A Department of Urology, Mohammed V Military University Hospital, 10100 Rabat, Morocco. eng Case Reports Journal Article 2015 11 20 Uganda (...) Pan Afr Med J 101517926 IM Cryptorchidism pathology Diagnosis, Differential Humans Male Pain etiology Spermatic Cord Torsion diagnosis pathology Young Adult Torsion appendix testis cryptorchidism undescended testis 2015 07 12 2015 11 03 2016 3 10 6 0 2015 1 1 0 0 2016 11 1 6 0 epublish 26958128 10.11604/pamj.2015.22.265.7493 PAMJ-22-265 PMC4765345

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2015 The Pan African medical journal

7. Videoscopic total extraperitoneal approach to an adult patient with undescended testicle accompanied by a contra-lateral inguinal hernia (PubMed)

Videoscopic total extraperitoneal approach to an adult patient with undescended testicle accompanied by a contra-lateral inguinal hernia A 22 year-old male patient was admitted to our clinic with complaints of swelling and pain at the left groin area as well as inability to palpate his right testicle. The patient was diagnosed as right undescended testicle accompanied by left indirect inguinal hernia. According to the scrotal Doppler ultrasonography the right undescended testicle was localized (...) in the inguinal canal very close to the inner ring. As totally extra peritoneal (TEP) approach is widely used for inguinal hernia repair by hernia surgeons, the same technique was planned for both inguinal hernia repair and orchiectomy simultaneously. Using videoscopic TEP approach, left inguinal hernia repair and right prophylactic inguinal hernia repair with polypropylene mesh was carried out following successful laparoscopic right orchiectomy. In patients with undescended testicle who are indicated

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2014 Turkish Journal of Surgery/Ulusal cerrahi dergisi

8. XV. Bevan's Operation for Undescended Testicle: With a Suggestion as to One Factor Causing Undescended Testicle (PubMed)

XV. Bevan's Operation for Undescended Testicle: With a Suggestion as to One Factor Causing Undescended Testicle 17862945 2007 09 17 2018 11 13 0003-4932 56 6 1912 Dec Annals of surgery Ann. Surg. XV. Bevan's Operation for Undescended Testicle: With a Suggestion as to One Factor Causing Undescended Testicle. 925-32 Jopson J H JH eng Journal Article United States Ann Surg 0372354 0003-4932 1912 12 1 0 0 1912 12 1 0 1 1912 12 1 0 0 ppublish 17862945 PMC1407423 Ann Surg. 1908 Sep;48(3):321-50

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1912 Annals of Surgery

9. Magnetic resonance imaging for locating nonpalpable undescended testicles: a meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Magnetic resonance imaging for locating nonpalpable undescended testicles: a meta-analysis. Preoperative imaging techniques may guide management of nonpalpable, cryptorchid testicles. We evaluated conventional MRI for identifying and locating nonpalpable testicles in prepubescent boys via meta-analysis.Databases including Medline were searched from 1980 to February 2012. Eligible studies included ≥10 boys with cryptorchidism/suspected cryptorchidism and reported data on testicular presence (...) /absence and position (abdominal, inguinal, or scrotal) as determined by imaging and surgery. Two investigators independently reviewed studies against inclusion criteria. We captured the number of testicles that were correctly and incorrectly identified and located, relative to surgically verified status, and estimated sensitivity and specificity by using a random-effects model.Eight unique prospective case series included 171 boys with 193 nonpalpable testicles (22 with bilateral testicles). Surgery

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2013 Pediatrics

10. Commissioning Guide - Paediatric Orchidopexy for Undescended Testis

/A Primary ICD-10: Q53: Undescended testicle Commissioning guide 2015 Paediatric Orchidopexy for undescended testis 6 3. Quality dashboard for the provision of orchidopexy for an undescended testes The quality dashboard provides an overview of activity commissioned by CCGs from the relevant pathways, and indicators of the quality of care provided by surgical units. The quality dashboard is available via the Royal College of Surgeons website. 4. Levers for implementation 4.1 Audit and peer review measures (...) Undescended testes Patient.co.uk www.patient.co.uk/health/undescende d-testes Undescended testicles NHS Choices www.nhs.uk/Conditions/undescendedt esticles/Pages/Introduction.aspx Commissioning guide 2015 Paediatric Orchidopexy for undescended testis 8 5.2 Clinician information Name Publisher Link Standards for Children’s Surgery - 2013 Children’s Surgical Forum (RCSEng) www.rcseng.ac.uk/publications/docs/st andards-in-childrens-surgery Surgery for Children: Delivering a First Class Service- 2011

2015 British Association of Urological Surgeons

11. On the Operations for Congenitally Misplaced and Undescended Testicle, with Notes of Cases of Congenital Deficiency of the Testicle (PubMed)

On the Operations for Congenitally Misplaced and Undescended Testicle, with Notes of Cases of Congenital Deficiency of the Testicle 20759297 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 2 2083 1900 Dec 01 British medical journal Br Med J On the Operations for Congenitally Misplaced and Undescended Testicle, with Notes of Cases of Congenital Deficiency of the Testicle. 1556-8 Annandale T T eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1900 12 1 0 0 1900 12 1 0 1 ppublish 20759297

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1900 British medical journal

12. Double Undescended Testicle; Right Testicle Transplanted to the Left Side of the Scrotum (PubMed)

Double Undescended Testicle; Right Testicle Transplanted to the Left Side of the Scrotum 19979010 2010 06 24 2010 06 24 0035-9157 8 Sect Study Dis Child 1915 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. R. Soc. Med. Double Undescended Testicle; Right Testicle Transplanted to the Left Side of the Scrotum. 18-20 Turner P P eng Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 2009 12 9 6 0 1915 1 1 0 0 1915 1 1 0 1 ppublish 19979010 PMC2003700

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1915 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine

13. A Unique Case of Testicular Compromise in a Patient with Ovotesticular Disorder of Sexual Development and a Solitary Testicle (PubMed)

removal with prosthesis placement, a right undescended testicle with aberrant anatomy, and hypospadias repair, all of which were corrected shortly after birth. A lack of blood flow to the testicle on Doppler ultrasound warranted immediate surgical intervention. Intraoperatively, an aberrant tunica vaginalis space with a compressive hematoma secondary to epididymal abscess rupture was identified as the causation for testicular compromise. Return of vascular flow to the testicle was confirmed (...) A Unique Case of Testicular Compromise in a Patient with Ovotesticular Disorder of Sexual Development and a Solitary Testicle Ovotesticular disorder of sexual development (OT-DSD), previously true hermaphroditism, is a condition in which one or both gonads contain testicular and ovarian tissue. A 23-year-old OT-DSD male patient presented with continuous pain in his right testicle which had been previously intermittent over the past five days. The patient had a prior history of left ovotestis

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2017 Case reports in urology

14. Primary Malignancy in a Supernumerary Testicle Presenting as a Large Pelvic Mass (PubMed)

Primary Malignancy in a Supernumerary Testicle Presenting as a Large Pelvic Mass Supernumerary testis, also known as polyorchidism, is a condition characterized by the presence of more than two testes. Another condition of the testes is seminoma, a common cause of testicular germ cell tumor. A 35-year-old male was transferred to our hospital with a diagnosis of abdominal mass causing abdominal pain. On physical exam, he had a palpable undescended left testicle in the left inguinal canal, which (...) was determined to be seminoma. The mass was surgically removed, and the patient underwent chemotherapy. The report discusses his workup, treatment, and outcome. This case illustrates an unusual presentation of supernumerary testis with the extra testis harboring a seminoma. When presented with a case of testicular cancer with no tumor noted in the palpable testes, malignancy in an extranumerary testicle should be considered in the differential.

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2017 Case reports in urology

15. Undescended Testicle

Undescended Testicle Undescended Testicle Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Undescended Testicle Undescended Testicle (...) Aka: Undescended Testicle , Undescended Testes , Undescended Testis , Cryptorchidism II. Definition Cryptorchidism: "Hidden " III. Epidemiology: Incidence Preterm Newborn: 30% Term Newborn: 2.7 to 5.9% Age 6 months: 0.8% persistent Undescended Testicle Bilateral Undescended Testes in 10-20% of cases IV. Differential Diagnosis: Bilateral Undescended Testicle (female ) V. Diagnostics: Bilateral Crytorchidism Pelvic Karyotype VI. Labs: Bilateral Crytorchidism (LH) (FSH) 17-Hydroxyprogesterone

2015 FP Notebook

16. Comparison Between the Clinical Assessment of the Undescended Testis and Its' Ultrasonographic Size

: Recruiting First Posted : April 8, 2016 Last Update Posted : July 13, 2017 See Sponsor: Meir Medical Center Information provided by (Responsible Party): Meir Medical Center Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: In addition to the manual preoperative examination, the undescended testicle will be measured ultrasonographically. The compared data will help us to evaluate the routine need for preoperative ultrasonographic evaluation of the undescended testicle. Condition or disease Undescended (...) Comparison Between the Clinical Assessment of the Undescended Testis and Its' Ultrasonographic Size Comparison Between the Clinical Assessment of the Undescended Testis and Its' Ultrasonographic Size - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please

2016 Clinical Trials

17. Current Management of Undescended Testes (PubMed)

Current Management of Undescended Testes Undescended testes (UDTs) are a relatively common finding in newborn males, especially in those born prematurely. Upon discovering a non-intrascrotal testis, it is important to determine whether the testis is palpable or non-palpable and whether the finding is unilateral or bilateral. Imaging should not be used in this workup, as no current modality has been shown to be adequately sensitive or specific to aid in management decisions. Patients with UDTs (...) are performed through an inguinal incision, although a scrotal approach can be safely utilized depending on the testis position. Diagnostic laparoscopy is most often used for non-palpable testes, as it not only allows for the identification of an atrophic or absent testicle, but it also provides an opportunity to perform an orchiopexy simultaneously should a viable testis be found. Hormonal therapy is not recommended for treatment of UDTs due to its low success rate, the incidence of secondary re-ascent

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2016 Current treatment options in pediatrics

18. Evolution of single practice trends in the surgical approach to the undescended testicle. (PubMed)

Evolution of single practice trends in the surgical approach to the undescended testicle. The surgical approach to palpable and nonpalpable testicles has changed with increasing use of a single scrotal incision and laparoscopy, respectively. We identified current trends in the surgical approach to undescended testicles in the practice of a single surgeon at our institution.A total of 580 orchiopexies were performed in 554 patients by a single surgeon between January 2002 and July 2009. Study (...) inclusion criteria were palpable and nonpalpable primary undescended testicles. Patients were stratified into groups based on the date of the initial procedure by year. A retrospective chart review was performed and the surgical approach in each patient was recorded as laparoscopic, transinguinal abdominal, inguinal or scrotal.During the 7-year period the percent of orchiopexies performed through a single scrotal incision increased from approximately 15% to a high of 63%. The overall percent of cases

2011 Journal of Urology

19. Undescended testicle. (PubMed)

Undescended testicle. 4379185 1966 03 29 2008 11 20 0007-1447 1 5479 1966 Jan 08 British medical journal Br Med J Undescended testicle. 107 Sandeman T F TF eng Case Reports Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 AIM IM Adult Cryptorchidism surgery Dysgerminoma etiology Humans Male Testicular Neoplasms etiology 1966 1 8 1966 1 8 0 1 1966 1 8 0 0 ppublish 4379185 PMC1843189

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1966 British medical journal

20. Luteinising hormone-releasing hormone nasal spray as therapy for undescended testicle. (PubMed)

Luteinising hormone-releasing hormone nasal spray as therapy for undescended testicle. Twenty-two prepubertal children with unilateral cryptorchidism were treated. None had undergone previous medical or surgical to modify the abnormal position of the testes, all of which were located inthe inguinal canal. Treatment was with luteinising hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) nasal spray given for 7 days. 9 boys insufflated 100 microgram LH-RH in each nostril 6 times per 24 hours (1200 microgram/24 h

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1978 Archives of Disease in Childhood

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