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Tuberculous Peritonitis

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61. Prostatitis, Tuberculous (Follow-up)

Prostatitis, Tuberculous (Follow-up) Tuberculosis of the Genitourinary System: Overview of GUTB, Causative Factors in GUTB, Prevalence of GUTB Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNDUwNjUxLW92ZXJ2aWV3 (...) of infection , whereas adults seem to develop tuberculous epididymoorchitis caused by direct spread from the urinary tract. [ ] The formation of a draining sinus is uncommon in developed countries, but epididymal induration and beading of the vas are common. Involvement of the testis is usually due to direct extension. Infertility may result from bilateral vasal obstruction. Nodular beading of the vas is a characteristic physical finding, and orchitis and the resulting testicular swelling can be difficult

2014 eMedicine.com

62. Prostatitis, Tuberculous (Diagnosis)

Prostatitis, Tuberculous (Diagnosis) Tuberculosis of the Genitourinary System: Overview of GUTB, Causative Factors in GUTB, Prevalence of GUTB Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNDUwNjUxLW92ZXJ2aWV3 (...) of infection , whereas adults seem to develop tuberculous epididymoorchitis caused by direct spread from the urinary tract. [ ] The formation of a draining sinus is uncommon in developed countries, but epididymal induration and beading of the vas are common. Involvement of the testis is usually due to direct extension. Infertility may result from bilateral vasal obstruction. Nodular beading of the vas is a characteristic physical finding, and orchitis and the resulting testicular swelling can be difficult

2014 eMedicine.com

63. Prostatitis, Tuberculous (Treatment)

Prostatitis, Tuberculous (Treatment) Tuberculosis of the Genitourinary System: Overview of GUTB, Causative Factors in GUTB, Prevalence of GUTB Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNDUwNjUxLW92ZXJ2aWV3 (...) of infection , whereas adults seem to develop tuberculous epididymoorchitis caused by direct spread from the urinary tract. [ ] The formation of a draining sinus is uncommon in developed countries, but epididymal induration and beading of the vas are common. Involvement of the testis is usually due to direct extension. Infertility may result from bilateral vasal obstruction. Nodular beading of the vas is a characteristic physical finding, and orchitis and the resulting testicular swelling can be difficult

2014 eMedicine.com

64. Cefotaxime Resistance in Treatment of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

of ascitic fluid infection Exclusion Criteria: Patients were excluded if they received antibiotics ten days prior to the hospital admission or there is evidence of secondary bacterial peritonitis, tuberculous peritonitis, malignant ascites or ascites due to other causes e.g. cardiac or renal diseases Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided (...) Cefotaxime Resistance in Treatment of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis Cefotaxime Resistance in Treatment of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Cefotaxime

2015 Clinical Trials

65. Mycobacterium fortuitum as a cause of peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis: case report and review of the literature. (Full text)

Mycobacterium fortuitum as a cause of peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis: case report and review of the literature. Peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (PD-peritonitis) due to Mycobacterium spp is uncommon. Non-tuberculous Mycobacterium (NTB) PD-peritonitis can present in a similar fashion to more common causes of bacterial PD-peritonitis. We describe the first reported case of multiresistant Mycobacterium fortuitum PD-peritonitis in an Australian patient.A 38 year-old woman (...) developed mild PD-peritonitis during an overseas holiday. Treatment was complicated by delayed diagnosis, requirement for special investigations, treatment with multiple antibiotics, and conversion to haemodialysis following removal of her Tenckhoff catheter.This case demonstrates the diagnostic yield of pursuing further investigations in cases of initially culture-negative, problematic PD-peritonitis. A systematic review of the literature identified only 17 reports of M. fortuitum PD-peritonitis

2012 BMC Nephrology PubMed

66. Primary Tuberculous Abscess of the Spleen in an Immununocompetent Patient Diagnosed by Biochemical Markers and Radiologic Findings (Full text)

deaminase level of ascites was significantly high. No primary focus of infection was detected. The patient was diagnosed as having primary multiple tuberculous splenic abscesses with tuberculous peritonitis causing ascites. Follow up computed tomography, after completion of six month course of anti-tubercular therapy, showed splenic abscess and ascites completely disappeared.Spleen; Abscess; Tuberculosis; Immunocompetent; Adenosine deaminase; Interferon-gamma. (...) Primary Tuberculous Abscess of the Spleen in an Immununocompetent Patient Diagnosed by Biochemical Markers and Radiologic Findings Tuberculous splenic abscess in an immunocompetent patient is extremely rare. We came across a case of middle aged immunocompetent female who presented with abdominal distension, weight loss, and low grade fever. Abdominopelvic computed tomography showed multiple low density lesions in the spleen with ascites. Interferon-gamma release assay was positive and adenosine

2012 Journal of clinical medicine research PubMed

67. Mycobacterial PD peritonitis

that pathogens other than bacteria may be lurking around. A predominant lymphocytosis in the PD fluid should raise the suspicion of mycobacterial organisms. Also, the presence of prolonged symptoms despite treatment of bacterial pathogens, or relapsing peritonitis with negative bacterial cultures , should ring alarms bells and start the search for alternative organisms. A recent of tuberculous peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis, reported that 89% presented with abdominal pain, 81% with fever (...) be given with isoniazid to reduce the risk of peripheral neuropathy. There is no strong consensus on whether the PD catheter needs to be removed in the case of tuberculous peritonitis – if the patient looks sick, the safer thing to do is remove it, particularly if it is an atypical mycobacterium. In one of ten patients, 6 were still on PD nine months after their infection. TB needs to be kept in the differential for our patients, especially those who are immunosuppressed, come from endemic areas or may

2011 Renal Fellow Network

68. Peritoneal Tuberculosis in a Pregnant Woman from Haiti, United States (Full text)

ethnology Humans Infant, Newborn Live Birth Male Omentum microbiology surgery Peritonitis, Tuberculous diagnostic imaging microbiology therapy Pregnancy Pregnancy Complications, Infectious diagnostic imaging microbiology therapy Premature Birth microbiology Treatment Outcome Ultrasonography United States 2013 6 12 6 0 2013 6 12 6 0 2013 10 22 6 0 ppublish 23750361 PMC3647663 Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Aug 15;35(4):409-13 12145724 Br Med J. 1972 Jul 15;3(5819):153 4625112 Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1986 Sep;93(9 (...) Peritoneal Tuberculosis in a Pregnant Woman from Haiti, United States 23750361 2013 10 21 2018 11 13 1080-6059 19 3 2013 Mar Emerging infectious diseases Emerging Infect. Dis. Peritoneal tuberculosis in a pregnant woman from Haiti, United States. 514-6 Ard Kevin L KL Chan Brian T BT Milner Danny A DA Jr Farmer Paul E PE Koenig Serena P SP eng Case Reports Letter United States Emerg Infect Dis 9508155 1080-6040 0 Antitubercular Agents IM Antitubercular Agents therapeutic use Female Haiti

2013 Emerging Infectious Diseases PubMed

69. HEMORRHAGES IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS AT THE SITE OF INJECTION OF IRRITANTS FOLLOWING INTRAVASCULAR INJECTIONS OF INJURIOUS SUBSTANCES (SHWARTZMAN PHENOMENON) (Full text)

HEMORRHAGES IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS AT THE SITE OF INJECTION OF IRRITANTS FOLLOWING INTRAVASCULAR INJECTIONS OF INJURIOUS SUBSTANCES (SHWARTZMAN PHENOMENON) 1. When toxic filtrates from cultures of B coli, B. typhosus, or meningococci are injected into the blood stream, peritoneal cavity, or subcutaneous tissue of tuberculous guinea pigs, the skin at the site of a tuberculin reaction becomes hemorrhagic. The extent of the hemorrhage is proportional to the severity of the tuberculin reaction (...) demonstrable by tests with various dilutions of tuberculin. 2. Tuberculin does not prepare the skin of non-tuberculous guinea pigs for this hemorrhagic reaction. 3. Tuberculin does not produce an intense or necrotic inflammation in the skin of tuberculous rabbits and fails to prepare the skin for the hemorrhagic reaction. 4. Tuberculin injected into the peritoneal cavities of tuberculous guinea pigs causes a hemorrhage in the skin at the site of a tuberculin reaction. 5. All guinea pigs infected with B.C.G

1934 The Journal of experimental medicine PubMed

70. TUBERCULIN HYPERSENSITIVENESS IN NON-TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS INDUCED BY INJECTIONS OF BACILLUS-FREE FILTRATES (Full text)

TUBERCULIN HYPERSENSITIVENESS IN NON-TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS INDUCED BY INJECTIONS OF BACILLUS-FREE FILTRATES 1. When a guinea pig with well developed peritoneal tuberculosis is injected intraperitoneally with about 20 cc. of a heavy suspension of a virulent tubercle bacillus (Culture H37) death occurs within 24 hours or the animal becomes extremely toxic. Such a peritoneal tuberculosis develops in about 1 month after 1 cc. of. a very heavy suspension of Culture H37 has been introduced (...) into the abdominal cavity. If the viscid fluid which is contained within the peritoneal cavity is mixed with saline solution and passed through a Berkefeld filter a bacillus-free filtrate is obtained which induces in normal guinea pigs a certain degree of cutaneous hypersensitiveness to tuberculin. 2. The abdominal organs and the parietal peritoneum, to which masses of leucocytes and tubercle bacilli are adherent, when crushed and extracted with saline solution yield a filtrate which likewise induces a cutaneous

1921 The Journal of experimental medicine PubMed

71. Percutaneous peritoneal biopsy. (Full text)

Percutaneous peritoneal biopsy. 890347 1977 10 28 2018 11 13 0007-1447 2 6084 1977 Aug 13 British medical journal Br Med J Percutaneous peritoneal biopsy. 457 Jenkins P P Burden R R Elston C R CR eng Letter England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 AIM IM Ascitic Fluid analysis Biopsy, Needle methods Female Humans Peritonitis, Tuberculous diagnosis 1977 8 13 1977 8 13 0 1 1977 8 13 0 0 ppublish 890347 PMC1631179 Arch Intern Med. 1967 Nov;120(5):542-5 6054587

1977 British medical journal PubMed

72. Mycobacterium heckeshornense peritonitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient: a case report and review of the literature. (Full text)

Mycobacterium heckeshornense peritonitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient: a case report and review of the literature. We report the first case of peritonitis attributed to Mycobacterium heckeshornense. This is a rare, non-tuberculous mycobacterium that has been reported as an aetiological agent in a growing number and widening spectrum of infections.© 2011 The Authors. Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2011 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

2010 Clinical Microbiology and Infection PubMed

73. Large Mesenteric Cyst Mimicking Tuberculous Ascites (Full text)

Large Mesenteric Cyst Mimicking Tuberculous Ascites Background. Intraabdominal lesions such as mesenteric cysts are uncommon disorders. Most are discovered incidentally during routine abdominal examinations. Methods. We report a patient with a mesenteric cyst masquerading as tuberculous peritonitis and ascites. Conclusion. Mesenteric cysts generally do not show typical clinical findings. They may also present with peritoneal tuberculosis findings such as low albumin gradient ascites with high

2010 Case reports in medicine PubMed

74. Adenosine deaminase and tuberculous meningitis--a systematic review with meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Adenosine deaminase and tuberculous meningitis--a systematic review with meta-analysis. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a severe infection of the central nervous system, particularly in developing countries. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are necessary to decrease the high rates of disability and death associated with TBM. The diagnosis is often time and labour intensive; thus, a simple, accurate and rapid diagnostic test is needed. The adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity test is a rapid test (...) that has been used for the diagnosis of the pleural, peritoneal and pericardial forms of tuberculosis. However, the usefulness of ADA in TBM is uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate ADA as a diagnostic test for TBM in a systematic review. A systematic search was performed of the medical literature (MEDLINE, LILACS, Web of Science and EMBASE). The ADA values from TBM cases and controls (diagnosed with other types of meningitis) were necessary to calculate the sensitivity and specificity. Out

2010 Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases

75. Latent TB infection (LTBI): testing and treatment

AE04. 187251001 [X]Sequelae/resp+unspecifd TB AyuJ4 AyuJ4% 187252008 Meningitis - tuberculous F004. F004.% 58437007 Encephalitis-tuberculous F0333 F0333 91483004 Intracranial abscess-tuberculous F0406 F0406% 192745001 Intraspinal abscess-tuberculous F0413 F0413 416903004 Keratitis due to tuberculous F4A55 F4A55 193787009 Acute pericarditis- tuberculous G5003 G5003 194908003 Acute myocarditis - tuberculous G5206 G5206 194949003 Pneumoconiosis associated/TB H450. H450. 196017002 Peritonitis (...) - tuberculous J5502 A140. 44572005 Cardituberculous cirrhosis J615E J615E [X]TB disordr/intestn+mesentry Jyu93 Jyu93 Cystitis + tuberculosis K1548 K1548 32268008 Prostatitis + tuberculosis K2143 K2143 20372007 Female tuberculosis pelvic inflammatory disease K43.. K43.. 198241002 Pregnancy + tuberculosis L173.% L173.% 267317007 Previous latent TB EMISWeb S1 (Ctv3) SNOMED CT Latent tuberculosis 65Y9. XSCGJ 11999007 LTBI Test results EMISWeb S1 (Ctv3) SNOMED CT IGRA Positive 43bL. XaP9w 440662009 IGRA Negative

2019 Public Health England

76. Handbook on tuberculosis laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union

steps 104 10.1 Introduction 104 10.2 General considerations regarding the diagnosis of tuberculosis 104 10.3 Specific considerations regarding diagnosis of tuberculosis 105 10.3.1 Pulmonary material 105 10.3.2 Pleural material 106 10.3.3 Lymphadenitis material 106 10.3.4 Gastric juice 106 10.3.5 Peritoneal fluid 106 10.4 Information flow from microbiologist to physician and instructions regarding tuberculosis diagnosis 106 References 107 Annex 1. Network partners 109 Figures Figure 1. Biohazard (...) Microscopically observed drug susceptibility MTBC Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex NAAT Nucleic-acid amplification test NRA Nitrate reductase assay NRL National reference laboratory NTM Non-tuberculous mycobacteria PBMC Peripheral blood mononuclear cells PCR Polymerase chain reaction PPD Purified protein derivative PPE Personal protective equipment PPV Positive predictive value QA Quality assurance QC Quality control RFLP Restriction fragment length polymorphism RNI Reactive nitrogen intermediates SDS

2018 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

79. Chapter 135 – Tuberculosis

to outside environment (unless HEPA filter prior to recirculation to hospital environment) Minimize number of health care workers and visitors entering the room Cough-inducing and aerosol-generating procedures Cough-inducing procedures include Endotracheal intubation and suction Diagnostic sputum induction Aerosol treatments (for example, pentamidine therapy) Bronchoscopy Procedures that may generate infectious aerosols include Irrigation of tuberculous abscesses Laboratory techniques (...) Gold test result. Imaging CXR Patchy/nodular shadowing in upper zones, cavitation, calcification, hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy, Diffuse miliary shadowing May be normal in extra-pulmonary TB Chest radiographic manifestations of primary disease in adults often are not recognized as TB. Primary tuberculous infiltrates can occur in any lobe. In any age group, a pneumonic infiltrate with enlarged hilar or mediastinal nodes should strongly suggest the diagnosis. The infiltrate usually

2017 CandiEM

80. CRACKCast E104 – Delirium and Dementia

Sedative / hypnotics Digoxin / lithium / quinidine / salicylate / antiepileptics Over the counter (anticholinergics), TCA, MANY others Infection Meningitis, encephalitis, sinusitis, otitis media Pneumonia Peritonitis, pyelonephritis, cholecystitis, etc. Cellulitis Metabolic hypo/hypernatremia Hyperosmolarity Hypercapnia Hypoxia Hyperglycemia Uremia Liver failure Environmental Hypothermia (usually < 35 deg. C) Hyperthermia (usually > 42 deg. C) Structural CVA, TBI, SAH, status epilepticus [4] Describe (...) medications Anticonvulsants Anticholinergics L-dopa Heavy metal poisoning Carbon monoxide / carbon disulfide Trichlorethylene ETOH abuse Endocrinopathies / Metabolic abnormalities Hypothyroidism Parathyroid disease Addison’s disease Cushing’s disease Panhypopituitarism Thiamine deficiency Niacin deficiency Vitamin B12 def. Folate def. Intracranial processes Tumours Hydrocephalus Chronic head trauma HIV Tuberculous or fungal meningitis Toxoplasmosis, cryptococcus, CMV, herpes virus, VZV Depression [11

2017 CandiEM

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