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Tuberculous Peritonitis

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201. Position Statements on Malignant Large Bowel Obstruction & Anal Fistula

for converting the urgent case into an elective problem. B. Non-surgical management Findings The introduction of self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) canconvertanemergency/urgentsituationintoanelective one (Level 111). Recommendation If available, and in the absence of signs of perforation, peritonitis, or closed loop obstruction, the insertion of a self-expanding metallic stent should be considered (Grade B). The non-surgical management of large bowel obstruction was, until recently, limited to efforts

2006 Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland

202. Comparison the Level of CTGF Protein and Related Cytokine in Pleural Effusion

epithelial cells than metastatic tumor cells. CTGF appears to be a suppressor of lung tumor invasion and in metastasis and the decreased CTGF expression in tumor tissues was associated with advanced tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, early postoperative relapse and shorter patient survival. CTGF can be expressed in many human organs such as heart, brain, placenta, liver, muscle, kidney, peritoneal mesothelial cells and lung but did not known in the pleura. The CTGF protein is present in the peritoneal (...) cavity and is increased during peritonitis. Considering pleural cavity comes from the same origin of mesenchyma with peritoneum, pericardium and fallopian tube, we aim to evaluate whether the CTGF expression increase in the pleurisy patients including the parapneumonic effusion and the TB pleurisy. The diagnosis of TB pleurisy depends on the effusion TB culture and pleural biopsy. Unfortunately the sensitivity of TB culture was only 20-30%. So most patients must receive invasive pleural biopsy

2006 Clinical Trials

203. Comparison of mechanical bowel obstruction cases of intra-abdominal tumor and non-tumoral origin. (Abstract)

classified as group I, and all other cases as group II.Group I totaled 46 patients (30%); group II, 109 (70%). The difference between two groups in terms of gender was found to be statistically insignificant, but the difference in terms of age range was significant (P<0.05). The etiology of group II cases included intra-abdominal strictures (n=68), volvulus (n=15), internal herniation (n=7), Meckel's diverticulum (n=7), tuberculous peritonitis (n=4), foreign body (n=4), invagination (n=2

2006 World Journal of Surgery

204. Diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis 14996981 2004 04 05 2018 11 13 0141-0768 97 3 2004 Mar Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine J R Soc Med Diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis. 155 Whitehouse P A PA eng Case Reports Comment Letter England J R Soc Med 7802879 0141-0768 IM J R Soc Med. 2003 Dec;96(12):586-8 14645607 Abdomen Adolescent Fatal Outcome Female Humans Laparoscopy Peritonitis, Tuberculous diagnosis Tuberculosis diagnosis 2004 3 5 5 0 2004 4 6 5 0 2004 3 5 5 0 ppublish 14996981

2004 Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

205. Lumps in the Groin and Scrotum

). . Infections: (round, hard, insensitive mass, indistinguishable from a tumour). Tuberculous epididymitis. [ ] . . . (fluid may track down the retroperitoneal compartment into the inguinal canal and scrotal sac). Complications of peritoneal dialysis and ventriculoperitoneal shunts. Crohn's disease manifestations: and . . . Metastases (mainly from penile lesions). . Congenital abnormalities of lymphatic vessels (Milroy's disease). Generalised oedema. Anatomy of structures in the groin and scrotum Assessment (...) ) ; The Royal Childrens Hospital Melbourne, January 2013 ; NICE CKS, February 2010 (UK access only) ; Isolated tuberculous epididymitis: a review of forty cases. J Postgrad Med. 2005 Apr-Jun51(2):109-11, discussion 111. ; Inguinal hernias. BMJ. 2008 Feb 2336(7638):269-72. ; Inguinal hernia in female infants: a cue to check the sex chromosomes? BJU Int. 2005 Aug96(3):401-3. ; Assessment and management of inguinal hernia in infants. Pediatrics. 2012 Oct130(4):768-73. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-2008. Epub 2012 Sep

2008 Mentor

206. Childhood Tuberculosis

formation (eg, loin mass or psoas abscess from spinal TB), nerve root compression, isolated bone or joint lesions (monoarthritis). See also the separate article on . Central nervous system : tuberculous meningitis and tuberculomas - initially nonspecific symptoms (headache, vomiting, altered behaviour) followed by diminished consciousness ± focal neurological signs. Gastrointestinal : mainly ileocaecal lesions (abdominal pain, bloating, obstruction and simulating appendicitis) but occasional peritoneal

2008 Mentor

207. Abdominal Distension and Bloating

, pneumatosis intestinalis (pneumatosis coli), superior mesenteric artery syndrome, annular pancreas, , stenosis (radiation, surgical anastomosis site, , tuberculous). Non-mechanical bowel obstruction Vascular insufficiency: thrombosis, embolism. Retroperitoneal irritation: , neoplasm, infection. Extra-abdominal infection: sepsis, , empyema, spinal . Metabolic/toxic: , uraemia, . Chemical irritation: , , biliary peritonitis. Miscellaneous: excessive intraluminal gas, intra-abdominal infection, trauma (...) Irritable bowel syndrome Constipation Fibroids Enlarged bladder Causes of generalised abdominal distension Non-obstructive causes Obesity. Pregnancy. Gas - eg, . Ascites - eg, , , , peritoneal carcinomatosis, peritoneal tuberculosis. . Intra-abdominal bleeding - eg, . Mechanical bowel obstruction Neoplasms: intraluminal, extraluminal. Infections: , , parasitic infections. Foreign bodies: bezoar, ingested foreign body. Miscellaneous: adhesions, , pregnancy, , , , , faecalith/meconium ileus, haematoma

2008 Mentor

208. Tuberculosis

formation (eg, loin mass or psoas abscess from spinal TB), nerve root compression, isolated bone or joint lesions (monoarthritis). See also the separate article on . Central nervous system : tuberculous meningitis and tuberculomas - initially nonspecific symptoms (headache, vomiting, altered behaviour) followed by diminished consciousness ± focal neurological signs. Gastrointestinal : mainly ileocaecal lesions (abdominal pain, bloating, obstruction and simulating appendicitis) but occasional peritoneal

2008 Mentor

209. Pleural Effusion

criteria is present: [ ] Pleural fluid-to-serum protein ratio >0.5; or Pleural fluid-to-serum LDH ratio >0.6; or Pleural fluid LDH concentration > two thirds upper limit of normal for serum LDH. Impaired lymphatic drainage and abnormal sites of entry (for example, passage of fluid across the diaphragm in people with ascites) can also be underlying causes of pleural effusions. Causes of transudates [ ] Most common causes: Heart failure. Cirrhosis. Hypoalbuminaemia. Peritoneal dialysis. Less common (...) (September 2010) ; Investigating suspected malignant pleural effusion. BMJ. 2007 Jan 27334(7586):206-7. ; Tuberculous pleural effusions: advances and controversies. J Thorac Dis. 2015 Jun7(6):981-91. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.02.18. ; Diagnostic tools of pleural effusion. Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul). 2014 May76(5):199-210. doi: 10.4046/trd.2014.76.5.199. Epub 2014 May 29. ; Diagnosis of pleural effusion: a systematic approach. Am J Crit Care. 2011 Mar20(2):119-27 ; Diagnostic approach to pleural

2008 Mentor

210. Non-pulmonary Tuberculosis

formation (eg, loin mass or psoas abscess from spinal TB), nerve root compression, isolated bone or joint lesions (monoarthritis). See also the separate article on . Central nervous system : tuberculous meningitis and tuberculomas - initially nonspecific symptoms (headache, vomiting, altered behaviour) followed by diminished consciousness ± focal neurological signs. Gastrointestinal : mainly ileocaecal lesions (abdominal pain, bloating, obstruction and simulating appendicitis) but occasional peritoneal

2008 Mentor

211. Hazards from surgical gloves. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hazards from surgical gloves. 9682653 1998 08 04 2008 11 20 0035-8843 80 3 1998 May Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England Ann R Coll Surg Engl Hazards from surgical gloves. 228 Orr K B KB eng Case Reports Comment Letter England Ann R Coll Surg Engl 7506860 0035-8843 IM Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1997 May;79(3):161-3 9196334 Aged Diagnosis, Differential Fat Necrosis diagnosis Female Granuloma, Foreign-Body diagnosis Humans Male Middle Aged Peritoneal Neoplasms diagnosis Peritonitis (...) , Tuberculous diagnosis 1998 7 31 1998 7 31 0 1 1998 7 31 0 0 ppublish 9682653 PMC2503034

1998 Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England

212. Abdominal tuberculosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Abdominal tuberculosis. 3656325 1987 11 03 2018 11 13 0141-0768 80 7 1987 Jul Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine J R Soc Med Abdominal tuberculosis. 466 Vickers D D eng Case Reports Letter England J R Soc Med 7802879 0141-0768 IM Child Humans Intestinal Obstruction etiology Peritonitis, Tuberculous complications 1987 7 1 1987 7 1 0 1 1987 7 1 0 0 ppublish 3656325 PMC1290923 J R Soc Med. 1986 Jul;79(7):434-5 20894628

1987 Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

213. Intraperitoneal Enterobius vermicularis Infection: A Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

for histologic examination. The pathologic findings confirmed the diagnosis of "granulomatous peritoneal nodules due to E. vermicularis." Within the nodules were aggregates of ova of E. vermicularis.This case reminds us that such granulomatous lesions can simulate leiomyoma, fibroma, endometrioma, and tuberculous or malignant lesions. It is important to be aware of this resemblance to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention.

1996 Infectious diseases in obstetrics and gynecology

214. Abdominal tuberculosis in urban Britain--a common disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

tuberculous peritonitis although only 16 had ascites. Eight patients presented with pyrexia and granulomatous hepatitis. Five had pulmonary and abdominal tuberculosis. The remaining eight patients represented a miscellaneous group. The diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis was established histologically (60 cases), bacteriologically (six cases) or radiologically (24 cases). Chest radiograph, tuberculin skin testing and paracentesis were usually unhelpful. Five severely ill patients died. The remainder (...) Abdominal tuberculosis in urban Britain--a common disease. Between 1973 and 1983 abdominal tuberculosis was responsible for the admission of 90 patients to a west London district general hospital. Over the same period Crohn's disease was newly diagnosed in 102 hospitalised patients. In contrast with Crohn's disease, the majority (75) of tuberculous patients were Asian immigrants. Mean duration of residence in the United Kingdom was 4 +/- 0.9 (SD) years, and mean age at presentation was 34.9

1985 Gut

215. Mycobacterial infection in a series of 1261 renal transplant recipients. (Abstract)

. kansasii in five patients, and M. fortuitum in two patients. The mean elapsed time from the renal transplant was 20.5 months; the infection appeared in 18 patients during the first eight months after transplantation. The clinical onset was pulmonary infection in 17 cases (12 M. tuberculosis and five M. kansasii); five had urinary symptoms (three M. tuberculosis and two M. fortuitum); three cases of M. tuberculosis infection had abdominal symptoms; another one began with a perineal tuberculous abscess (...) ; the rest of the patients were asymptomatic. The types of specimen on which microbiological identification was carried out were, in decreasing order: sputum and/or bronchial washing/pleural aspiration, urine, feces, gastric and peritoneal fluids, bone marrow and blood. The first-line drug isoniazid had the highest resistance index in the susceptibility test. Clinical dissemination was observed in eight patients, four of whom died. Another three patients had a significant impairment in renal function

2003 Clinical Microbiology and Infection

216. Topical Gentamicin Cream Versus Alternating Gentamicin and Mupirocin Cream in Peritoneal Dialysis

Topical Gentamicin Cream Versus Alternating Gentamicin and Mupirocin Cream in Peritoneal Dialysis Topical Gentamicin Cream Versus Alternating Gentamicin and Mupirocin Cream in Peritoneal Dialysis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove (...) one or more studies before adding more. Topical Gentamicin Cream Versus Alternating Gentamicin and Mupirocin Cream in Peritoneal Dialysis The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00751374 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified September 2008 by Kwong Wah Hospital. Recruitment status

2008 Clinical Trials

217. Computed tomography findings of peritoneal tuberculosis: systematic review of seven patients diagnosed in 6 years (1996-2001). (Abstract)

Computed tomography findings of peritoneal tuberculosis: systematic review of seven patients diagnosed in 6 years (1996-2001). The aim of this study was to describe the computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with demonstrated peritoneal tuberculosis (TB) and their concordance with the three types from the traditional classification (wet, fibrotic, and dry plastic).We reviewed the CT images of all patients with microbiologically proven peritoneal tuberculosis over a 6-year period (1996 (...) -2001).Seven patients were included. Ascites was present in 5 patients (free ascites in 3 patients and loculated in 2). Involvement of the mesentery was found in 5 patients, the omentum in 4, and the parietal peritoneum in 3. Tuberculous lymphadenitis was the most common associated finding (6 patients). Two patients had hepatic lesions. The fibrotic type was found in all the patients, and 5 patients had an association of the fibrotic and wet types. None of the patients had lesions consistent

2004 Clinical imaging

218. Tuberculous meningitis: protracted course and clinical response to interferon-gamma. (Abstract)

Tuberculous meningitis: protracted course and clinical response to interferon-gamma. A 12-year-old girl with protracted tuberculous meningitis received standard chemotherapy and dexamethasone and had a progressive cerebrospinal fluid neutrophilia, raised protein and depressed glucose levels. Her temperature was raised for 5 months until a second course of dexamethasone was given. At week 15, multiple tuberculomas and hydrocephalus were detected followed by acute hydrocephalus (week 58), which (...) required a ventricular-peritoneal shunt. Tuberculomas resolved after a second course of dexamethasone but recurred 15 months later. Immunological investigations were normal including integrity of the type 1 cytokine pathway. From month 24, interferon-gamma was given subcutaneously (initially 50 microg/m(2)) and continued for 19 months. Within 2 weeks she responded clinically followed by a reduction in inflammatory signs on magnetic resonance imaging scan (but not in the tuberculomas). At month 44, when

2007 Lancet infectious diseases

219. Diagnosis of active tuberculous serositis by antigen-specific interferon-gamma response of cavity fluid cells. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnosis of active tuberculous serositis by antigen-specific interferon-gamma response of cavity fluid cells. To develop a more accurate methodology for diagnosing active tuberculous pleurisy, as well as peritonitis and pericardits of tuberculous origin, we established an antigen-specific interferon gamma (IFN-gamma)-based assay that uses cavity fluid specimens.Over a 19-month period, 155 consecutive, nonselected patients with any cavity effusion were evaluated. Study subjects were 28 patients (...) with bacteriologically confirmed active tuberculous serositis and 47 patients with definitive nontuberculous etiology. Culture was performed for 18 h with fluid mononuclear cells in the supernatant of the effusion together with saline or Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigenic peptides, early secretory antigenic target 6 and culture filtrate protein 10. IFN-gamma concentrations in the culture supernatants were measured.In patients with active tuberculous serositis, antigen-specific IFN-gamma responses

2007 Clinical Infectious Diseases

220. Peritoneal tuberculosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Peritoneal tuberculosis. 2026350 1991 06 12 2018 11 13 0017-5749 32 4 1991 Apr Gut Gut Peritoneal tuberculosis. 457-8 Lingenfelser T H TH Marks I N IN eng Comment Letter England Gut 2985108R 0017-5749 EC 3.5.4.4 Adenosine Deaminase AIM IM Gut. 1990 Oct;31(10):1130-2 2150661 Adenosine Deaminase analysis Ascitic Fluid enzymology Humans Peritonitis, Tuberculous diagnosis 1991 4 1 1991 4 1 0 1 1991 4 1 0 0 ppublish 2026350 PMC1379097 Gut. 1986 Sep;27(9):1049-53 3758818 S Afr Med J. 1973 Mar 3;47(9

1991 Gut

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