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Tuberculous Peritonitis

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181. Laparoscopy and hysterosalpingography as tests of tubal patency. (PubMed)

that laparoscopy offers a better assessment than hysterosalpingography of tubal pathology, especially in the ampullary region and when there are no peritoneal adhesions. Also pocketing of the dye seen by hysterosalpingography in cases of tuboovarian masses can be confirmed by laparoscopy. But I do not think that laparoscopy could replace hysterosalpingography in cases of cornual block when a small portion of the cornual part of the tube is patent and reimplantation or recanalization could be done. Also (...) laparoscopy is not capable of visualizing diverticulosis of the tubes seen in chronic infection of tuberculosis. Again, in come cases of bilharzial or tuberculous granulomas in which only a samll portion of the tube is involved in the lesion causing obstruction and the rest of the tube is functional, hysterosalpingography is useful in visualizing the site of obstruction. We are planning a report on tubal disease as evidenced by hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy in the near future. Meanwhile we

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1977 British medical journal


INTESTINAL TUBERCULOSIS 20271137 2010 03 18 2018 12 01 0008-4409 57 6 1947 Dec Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Intestinal tuberculosis. 561-6 SCHAFFNER V D VD eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 OM Intestines Peritonitis, Tuberculous Tuberculosis Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis, Lymph Node 4713:1525g1 INTESTINE/tuberculosis TUBERCULOSIS/intestinal 2010 3 19 6 0 1947 12 1 0 0 1947 12 1 0 1 ppublish 20271137 PMC1590700

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1947 Canadian Medical Association Journal


STUDIES ON THE INTERACTION BETWEEN PHAGOCYTES AND TUBERCLE BACILLI : III. SOME METABOLIC EFFECTS IN GUINEA PIGS ASSOCIATED WITH INFECTION WITH TUBERCLE BACILLI In continuing studies concerning the interactions between phagocytes and tubercle bacilli the effect of tuberculous infection on respiration and glucose utilization was investigated in guinea pigs. Peritoneal exudates rich in polymorphonuclear leucocytes, derived from guinea pigs infected with tubercle bacilli, had a significantly higher (...) of glucose utilization. Similarly, the respiration of liver and kidney slices from normal and infected guinea pigs was compared and it was found that liver slices showed differences similar to those shown by leucocytes, but that the kidney slices did not. The possibility has not been ruled out that the difference in rate of respiration of liver slices due to infection might be caused by tuberculous lesions in the livers of infected animals. The mononuclear cells which invade the liver have a higher rate

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1957 The Journal of experimental medicine

184. Relationship Between Tuberculin Hypersensitivity and Cellular Immunity to Infection in Mice Vaccinated with Viable Attenuated Mycobacterial Cells or with Mycobacterial Ribonucleic Acid Preparations (PubMed)

Relationship Between Tuberculin Hypersensitivity and Cellular Immunity to Infection in Mice Vaccinated with Viable Attenuated Mycobacterial Cells or with Mycobacterial Ribonucleic Acid Preparations The migration inhibition technique has been used to study delayed hypersensitivity in vitro by using peritoneal exudate cells and splenic lymphocytes from mice vaccinated with viable cells of the attenuated H37Ra strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and from mice vaccinated with ribonucleic acid (myc (...) RNA) preparations obtained from viable mycobacterial cells of the same strain. Inhibition of macrophage migration was noted when purified protein derivative (PPD) or viable H37Ra cells were added to peritoneal exudate cells obtained from mice immunized with viable H37Ra cells and not from mice immunized with myc RNA. Splenic lymphocyte cultures were exposed to the same antigens in vitro. Filtered supernatant fluids from these lymphocyte cultures, when added to peritoneal exudate cells obtained

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1973 Infection and immunity

185. Unusual presentation of tuberculosis. (PubMed)

Ethambutol therapeutic use Humans Isoniazid therapeutic use Latex Fixation Tests Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic blood diagnosis Male Middle Aged Peritonitis, Tuberculous blood diagnosis drug therapy immunology 1974 4 13 1974 4 13 0 1 1974 4 13 0 0 ppublish 4545144 PMC1610707 Q J Med. 1955 Oct;24(96):351-64 13290022 Arch Intern Med. 1970 Apr;125(4):691-5 5437894 Br Med J. 1969 May 3;2(5652):273-6 5780453 Br Med J. 1954 Jul 10;2(4879):76-9 13172476 J Oslo City Hosp. 1972 Jan;22(1):5-15 4501381 Ann Intern

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1974 British medical journal

186. Tuberculosis as a Surgical Disease of the Abdomen (PubMed)

Tuberculosis as a Surgical Disease of the Abdomen 14236599 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0003-4932 160 1964 Nov Annals of surgery Ann. Surg. TUBERCULOSIS AS A SURGICAL DISEASE OF THE ABDOMEN. 806-13 FAULKNER R L RL Jr eng Journal Article United States Ann Surg 0372354 0003-4932 OM Abdomen Abdominal Neoplasms Diagnosis, Differential Humans Peritoneum Peritonitis, Tuberculous Surgical Procedures, Operative Tuberculosis ABDOMINAL NEOPLASMS DIAGNOSIS, DIFFERENTIAL SURGERY, OPERATIVE TUBERCULOSIS (...) , PERITONEAL 1964 11 1 1964 11 1 0 1 1964 11 1 0 0 ppublish 14236599 PMC1408823 Bull Fed Soc Gynecol Obstet Lang Fr. 1956 Aug-Sep;8(4):498-9 13396403 Ann Intern Med. 1961 Jun;54:1125-33 13790373 Radiology. 1954 Feb;62(2):251-4 13134512 Dis Chest. 1952 Jul;22(1):101-6 14936856 Dis Colon Rectum. 1961 Nov-Dec;4:439-41 14490882 Am J Med. 1960 Apr;28:510-23 13805947 Am J Med Sci. 1954 Mar;227(3):241-9 13138589 J Am Med Assoc. 1959 Mar 21;169(12):1306-15 13630756

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1964 Annals of Surgery


INTRAPERITONEAL LYSIS OF TUBERCLE BACILLI 1. Tubercle bacilli injected into the peritoneal cavities of tuberculous guinea pigs, rats, rabbits, dogs, and monkeys, rapidly disappear from the peritoneal fluids, while persisting in the peritoneal fluids of normal control animals. 2. This disappearance is in part due to an adhesion of the injected bacilli to the peritoneal leucocytes and a fixation of the leucocytes on the omentum. 3. The injected tubercle bacilli can be recovered quantitatively (...) from the peritoneal cavities of normal guinea pigs from one and one half to two hours after the injection, while from tuberculous guinea pigs only 65 per cent. of the bacilli can be recovered at this time. 4. Isolated peritoneal tissues from tuberculous guinea pigs have the power of destroying tubercle bacilli in vitro. 5. A second factor reducing the number of tubercle bacilli free in the peritoneal fluid is therefore an actual lysis of the bacilli. 6. The intraperitoneal lysis is not due solely

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1913 The Journal of experimental medicine


CELLULAR REACTIONS TO POLYSACCHARIDES FROM TUBERCLE BACILLI AND FROM PNEUMOCOCCI 1. Purified tuberculo-polysaccharides are relatively innocuous both to normal and to tuberculous guinea pigs. 2. Both tuberculo-polysaccharides and polysaccharides from pneumococci call larger numbers of leucocytes from the blood vessels than do saline and dextrose and trehalose. 3. The mechanisms controlling the delivery of lymphocytes and neutrophils into the blood stream are different. 4. Slight irritation (...) of the peritoneal lining slows the delivery of lymphocytes to the blood stream. 5. There are two phases in the reaction of the bone marrow to intraperitoneal injections. Correlated with the draining of neutrophils from vessels to tissues, owing to the presence of foreign materials in the latter, there is a draining of young neutrophils from the marrow into the sinuses of the marrow as these same materials reach the sinuses. The subsequent disintegration of the neutrophils extravasated into the tissues

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1938 The Journal of experimental medicine

189. Scrotal swellings

. Other causes of scrotal swelling include: Sebaceous cyst. Generalized oedema. Idiopathic scrotal oedema (mainly in children). Syphilitic gumma of the testis (round, hard, insensitive mass indistinguishable from a tumour). Filariasis. Henoch–Schönlein purpura. Kawasaki disease. Allergic contact dermatitis. Pancreatitis (owing to fluid tracking down the retroperitoneal compartment into the inguinal canal and scrotal sac). Complications of peritoneal dialysis and ventriculo-peritoneal shunts. Crohn's (...) the processus vaginalis closes segmentally, trapping fluid anywhere along the spermatic cord. A communicating hydrocele occurs when persistence of the processus vaginalis allows peritoneal fluid to freely communicate with the scrotal portion of the processus. Communicating hydroceles are, by definition, congenital, but may manifest for the first time in older boys and men, when they may be precipitated by increased intra-abdominal pressure, continuous peritoneal ambulatory dialysis, or fluid overload

2010 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

190. Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis

molecular-based diagnostic tests. Treatment is with multiple antimicrobial drugs given for at least 6 mo. Miliary TB Also known as generalized hematogenous TB, miliary TB occurs when a tuberculous lesion erodes into a blood vessel, disseminating millions of tubercle bacilli into the bloodstream and throughout the body. Uncontrolled massive dissemination can occur during primary infection or after reactivation of a latent focus. The lungs and bone marrow are most often affected, but any site may (...) , unremitting headache, nausea, and drowsiness, which may progress to stupor and coma. Kernig and Brudzinski signs may be positive. Stages are 1: Clear sensorium with abnormal CSF 2: Drowsiness or stupor with focal neurologic signs 3: Coma Stroke may result from thrombosis of a major cerebral vessel. Focal neurologic symptoms suggest a tuberculoma. TB peritonitis Peritoneal infection represents seeding from abdominal lymph nodes or from salpingo-oophoritis. Peritonitis is particularly common among

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

191. Moxifloxacin

as about 2% and 4.5% of its glucuronide metabolite are removed by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis, respectively." (Quoting from the 29 December 2008 package insert for Avelox) Mechanism of action [ ] Moxifloxacin is a that is active against both and bacteria. It functions by inhibiting , a type II , and topoisomerase IV, enzymes necessary to separate bacterial DNA, thereby inhibiting cell replication. Pharmacokinetics [ ] About 52% of an oral or intravenous dose (...) of moxifloxacin in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma in patients with tuberculous meningitis". Clinical Infectious Diseases . 49 (7): 1080–2. : . . Peterson, U. (2006). "Quinolone Antibiotics: The Development of Moxifloxacin". In ; Fischer, J.; Ganellin, C. R. . . pp. 338–342. . ^ . 3 October 2006. Archived from on 21 February 2013 . Retrieved 17 July 2009 . Ed Lamb (1 May 2008). . Pharmacy Times . Retrieved 21 July 2009 . . Reuters. 24 July 2008 . Retrieved 21 July 2009 . . Infection Control

2012 Wikipedia

192. Tuberculosis treatment

of increasing rates of INH resistance. Tuberculosis and other conditions [ ] Liver disease [ ] People with alcoholic liver disease are at an increased risk of tuberculosis. The incidence of tuberculous peritonitis is particularly high in patients with cirrhosis of the liver. There are broadly two categories of treatment: A. Cirrhotic patients with essentially normal baseline liver function tests( Childs A Cirrhosis) Such patients may be treated with standard 4 drug re-gime for 2 months followed by 2 drugs (...) -letter 1-letter EMB E INH H PZA Z RMP R STM S Second line tuberculosis drugs CIP (none) MXF (none) PAS P First line [ ] All first-line anti-tuberculous drug names have semistandardized three-letter and single-letter abbreviations: is EMB or E, is INH or H, is PZA or Z, is RMP or R, is SM or S. First-line anti-tuberculous drug names are often remembered with the mnemonic "RIPE," referring to the use of a rifamycin (like ), isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. US practice uses abbreviations

2012 Wikipedia

193. Tuberculosis diagnosis

of . The and peritoneal surfaces are thickened (arrows). In active pulmonary TB, infiltrates or consolidations and/or cavities are often seen in the upper with or without mediastinal or hilar lymphadenopathy or pleural effusions ( tuberculous pleurisy). However, lesions may appear anywhere in the lungs. In disseminated TB a pattern of many tiny nodules throughout the lung fields is common - the so-called miliary TB. In HIV and other persons, any abnormality may indicate TB or the chest X-ray may even appear entirely (...) (MTBC) and resistance to (RIF) in less than 2 hours. In comparison, standard cultures can take 2 to 6 weeks for MTBC to grow and conventional can add 3 more weeks." Full blood count [ ] Although a is never diagnostic, and are common. is rarely found [iron deficiency anemia may develop with isoniazid treatment]. and are usually normal, although and are possible in tuberculous meningoencephalitis due to . In advanced disease, , , and may be present. is usually raised. Interferon-γ release assays

2012 Wikipedia

194. Duodenal perforation in a 14-year-old boy with abdominal tuberculosis despite being on antituberculous treatment (PubMed)

Duodenal perforation in a 14-year-old boy with abdominal tuberculosis despite being on antituberculous treatment We are presenting a case of a 14-year-old male patient with known history of abdominal tuberculosis on medication for 4 months with frank peritonitis and air under the diaphragm found to have primary perforation of the duodenum due to tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is common in the third world but affects iliocaecal junction commonly. Cases with tuberculous duodenal are rarely reported

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2010 The Indian journal of surgery

195. Hepatocellular Carcinoma

carcinoma, or superficial bladder tumors (Ta, Tis &T1). Any cancer curatively treated > 3 years prior to entry is permitted. Renal failure requiring hemo- or peritoneal dialysis. History of cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure > New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 2 Active coronary artery disease (myocardial infarction more than 6 months prior to study entry is permitted) Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy other than β-blockers or digoxin) Uncontrolled hypertension, defined (...) enrolled in this trial must use adequate barrier birth control measures during the course of the trial. Uncontrolled ascites (defined as not easily controlled with diuretic treatment) Patients with viral diseases (eg, varicella, herpes zoster); tuberculous or syphilitic processes in the areas to be treated; and hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients will not be included into the HFSR study subgroup. Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library

2010 Clinical Trials

196. Treatment Duration for Abdominal Tuberculosis

Update Posted: July 3, 2015 Last Verified: July 2015 Keywords provided by Govind K Makharia, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi: Intestinal tuberculosis Tuberculous peritonitis Abdominal tuberculosis Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Tuberculosis Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal Mycobacterium Infections Actinomycetales Infections Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections Bacterial Infections Gastrointestinal Diseases Digestive System Diseases (...) and extension of RNTCP Cat I for three months in a subset of patients with definite clinical response after 6 months of DOTs Secondary objective 1. To study the effect of anti-tubercular drugs on the natural history of intestinal stricture due to tuberculosis Outcomes Outcome measures: Primary: Response to treatment (6 months and nine months of RNTCP Cat I treatment) as defined earlier Recurrence of symptoms of abdominal tuberculosis (intestinal and peritoneal) after 1 year of follow up in those who receive

2010 Clinical Trials

197. Diagnostic performance of an enzyme-linked immunospot assay for interferon-gamma in extrapulmonary tuberculosis varies between different sites of disease. (PubMed)

100% for tuberculous meningitis, tuberculous pericarditis, and intestinal TB, 95% for lymphadenitis, to 42.9% for tuberculous peritonitis. The sensitivity of the T SPOT-TB assay was 70.6% in immunocompromised patients and 85.5% in immunocompetent patients (p = 0.09).The T SPOT-TB assay can be a useful tool for diagnosing extra-pulmonary TB in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients, particularly for tuberculous meningitis, pericarditis, lymphadenitis, and intestinal TB.

2009 Journal of Infection

198. The utility of evaluating low serum albumin gradient ascites in patients with cirrhosis. (PubMed)

The utility of evaluating low serum albumin gradient ascites in patients with cirrhosis. Serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) has been used extensively in the diagnostic workup of patients with ascites. A SAAG level of <1.1 g/dl is usually thought of as a result of nonportal hypertension etiologies, including malignancies, tuberculous peritonitis, and nephrotic syndrome. However, the predictive value of a low SAAG in patients with existing cirrhosis in whom the pretest probability of portal (...) hypertension is high is not clear.We identified all patients with a SAAG of <1.1 g/dl during a 5-year period at a single large veterans affairs medical center. Cirrhosis was defined by clinical, histological, and radiological features. Nonportal hypertension causes of low SAAG were identified, including bacterial peritonitis, peritoneal carcinomatosis, nephrogenous ascites, tuberculous peritonitis, chylous ascites, and pancreatic ascites.We identified 92 patients (76 with cirrhosis and 16 with no cirrhosis

2009 American Journal of Gastroenterology

199. Topical Gentamicin Cream Versus Alternating Gentamicin and Mupirocin Cream in Peritoneal Dialysis

Topical Gentamicin Cream Versus Alternating Gentamicin and Mupirocin Cream in Peritoneal Dialysis Topical Gentamicin Cream Versus Alternating Gentamicin and Mupirocin Cream in Peritoneal Dialysis - Full Text View - Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove (...) one or more studies before adding more. Topical Gentamicin Cream Versus Alternating Gentamicin and Mupirocin Cream in Peritoneal Dialysis The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. Identifier: NCT00751374 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified September 2008 by Kwong Wah Hospital. Recruitment status

2008 Clinical Trials

200. Pleural Effusion

criteria is present: [ ] Pleural fluid-to-serum protein ratio >0.5; or Pleural fluid-to-serum LDH ratio >0.6; or Pleural fluid LDH concentration > two thirds upper limit of normal for serum LDH. Impaired lymphatic drainage and abnormal sites of entry (for example, passage of fluid across the diaphragm in people with ascites) can also be underlying causes of pleural effusions. Causes of transudates [ ] Most common causes: Heart failure. Cirrhosis. Hypoalbuminaemia. Peritoneal dialysis. Less common (...) (September 2010) ; Investigating suspected malignant pleural effusion. BMJ. 2007 Jan 27334(7586):206-7. ; Tuberculous pleural effusions: advances and controversies. J Thorac Dis. 2015 Jun7(6):981-91. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.02.18. ; Diagnostic tools of pleural effusion. Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul). 2014 May76(5):199-210. doi: 10.4046/trd.2014.76.5.199. Epub 2014 May 29. ; Diagnosis of pleural effusion: a systematic approach. Am J Crit Care. 2011 Mar20(2):119-27 ; Diagnostic approach to pleural

2008 Mentor

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