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Travelers Diarrhea

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161. Incidence and Spectrum of Health Problems Among Travelers to Laos. (PubMed)

Incidence and Spectrum of Health Problems Among Travelers to Laos. The number of travelers visiting Laos has more than doubled in the last 5 years. Little is known about their pre-travel preparations and the incidence of health problems during their trips.At three border posts between Laos and Thailand, travelers were invited to complete a study questionnaire. They were asked about their demographic profile, travel characteristics, pre-travel health preparations, and health problems during (...) their stay in Laos.From September 2011 to April 2012, 1,205 questionnaires from Thais and 1,191 from foreigners were collected. Approximately 60% of the travelers were male; the overall median age among the Thais was 43 years, and among the foreigners was 32 years. Most foreign visitors were from Europe (66.8%), followed by other Asian countries (19.0%) and North America (7.1%). Almost half of the foreigners (47.8%) traveled as individual backpackers, whereas the majority of Thais traveled as package

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2014 Journal of Travel Medicine

162. Feasibility and Clinical Outcomes When Using Practice Guidelines for Evaluation of Fever in Returning Travelers and Migrants: A Validation Study. (PubMed)

Feasibility and Clinical Outcomes When Using Practice Guidelines for Evaluation of Fever in Returning Travelers and Migrants: A Validation Study. Practice guidelines for examining febrile patients presenting upon returning from the tropics were developed to assist primary care physicians in decision making. Because of the low level of evidence available in this field, there was a need to validate them and assess their feasibility in the context they have been designed for.The objectives (...) diagnostic tests performed, initial and final diagnoses, and clinical outcomes. The reasons for non-adherence were investigated and qualitative feedback was collected.A total of 539 physician/patient pairs were included in this study. Full adherence to guidelines was observed in 29% of the cases. Figure-specific adherence rate was 54.8%. The main reasons for non-adherence were as follows: no repetition of malaria tests (111/352) and no presumptive antibiotic treatment for febrile diarrhea (64/153

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2014 Journal of Travel Medicine

163. Preparing Children for International Travel: Need for Training and Pediatric-Focused Research. (PubMed)

traveling to West Africa, respectively. Azithromycin for empiric treatment of travelers' diarrhea in a 2-year-old traveler to Thailand and Mexico was suggested by 74 and 58%, respectively, while the use of acetazolamide for a 2-month old infant traveling to a high-altitude destination was rarely (13%) chosen. In vaccine-focused scenarios, 71, 69, 21, and 10% would prescribe the meningococcal vaccine for a 6-month-old traveler to Burkina Faso, Japanese encephalitis vaccine to a 10-year-old traveler (...) Preparing Children for International Travel: Need for Training and Pediatric-Focused Research. The International Society of Travel Medicine (ISTM) Pediatric Interest Group (PedIG) was created in 2010. We studied the group's professional characteristics and practice patterns to identify clinical areas requiring further training and research related to pediatric international travel.PedIG members were emailed a two-part online questionnaire in September 2011, which comprised questions about

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2014 Journal of Travel Medicine

164. Safety Study of a Capsule-Conjugate Vaccine to Prevent Campylobacter-Caused Diarrhea

Syndrome or other neuroimmunological disorders Prior Exposure to Campylobacter History of travelers' diarrhea or residence (> 2 months) in the past 3 years in a country with potentially higher Campylobacter rates to include Africa, South America, Central America, and Asia (except Japan). Occupation involving handling of Campylobacter bacteria or vaccine products currently or in the past 3 years. History of microbiologically confirmed Campylobacter infection. Received previous experimental Campylobacter (...) Safety Study of a Capsule-Conjugate Vaccine to Prevent Campylobacter-Caused Diarrhea Safety Study of a Capsule-Conjugate Vaccine to Prevent Campylobacter-Caused Diarrhea - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before

2014 Clinical Trials

165. Travel Medicine and Vaccination (Follow-up)

and Prevention. See , a Critical Images slideshow, to review treatment, recommendations, and safeguards for healthcare personnel. Also, see the slideshow to help identify and manage infectious travel diseases. With the decreasing global boundaries and increasing activities, travel medicine has become a rapidly evolving field of medicine. Classically, travel medicine focused on individuals traveling to developing countries with prevention and treatment of malaria, traveler's diarrhea, and general vaccinations (...) for several possible infections, consider carrying a medication, such as , which despite some growing resistancy issues, treats travelers' diarrhea (TD) as well as respiratory, wound, bladder, and other infections. Another example is , which is excellent as an injectable local anesthetic as well as treatment for nausea, allergic reactions, and insomnia. Unique circumstances Physicians planning to serve as an expedition physician are advised to take a course provided by the or a similar course by other

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

166. Travel Medicine and Vaccination (Diagnosis)

and Prevention. See , a Critical Images slideshow, to review treatment, recommendations, and safeguards for healthcare personnel. Also, see the slideshow to help identify and manage infectious travel diseases. With the decreasing global boundaries and increasing activities, travel medicine has become a rapidly evolving field of medicine. Classically, travel medicine focused on individuals traveling to developing countries with prevention and treatment of malaria, traveler's diarrhea, and general vaccinations (...) for several possible infections, consider carrying a medication, such as , which despite some growing resistancy issues, treats travelers' diarrhea (TD) as well as respiratory, wound, bladder, and other infections. Another example is , which is excellent as an injectable local anesthetic as well as treatment for nausea, allergic reactions, and insomnia. Unique circumstances Physicians planning to serve as an expedition physician are advised to take a course provided by the or a similar course by other

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

167. Travel Medicine and Vaccination (Treatment)

and Prevention. See , a Critical Images slideshow, to review treatment, recommendations, and safeguards for healthcare personnel. Also, see the slideshow to help identify and manage infectious travel diseases. With the decreasing global boundaries and increasing activities, travel medicine has become a rapidly evolving field of medicine. Classically, travel medicine focused on individuals traveling to developing countries with prevention and treatment of malaria, traveler's diarrhea, and general vaccinations (...) for several possible infections, consider carrying a medication, such as , which despite some growing resistancy issues, treats travelers' diarrhea (TD) as well as respiratory, wound, bladder, and other infections. Another example is , which is excellent as an injectable local anesthetic as well as treatment for nausea, allergic reactions, and insomnia. Unique circumstances Physicians planning to serve as an expedition physician are advised to take a course provided by the or a similar course by other

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

168. Travel Medicine and Vaccination (Overview)

and Prevention. See , a Critical Images slideshow, to review treatment, recommendations, and safeguards for healthcare personnel. Also, see the slideshow to help identify and manage infectious travel diseases. With the decreasing global boundaries and increasing activities, travel medicine has become a rapidly evolving field of medicine. Classically, travel medicine focused on individuals traveling to developing countries with prevention and treatment of malaria, traveler's diarrhea, and general vaccinations (...) for several possible infections, consider carrying a medication, such as , which despite some growing resistancy issues, treats travelers' diarrhea (TD) as well as respiratory, wound, bladder, and other infections. Another example is , which is excellent as an injectable local anesthetic as well as treatment for nausea, allergic reactions, and insomnia. Unique circumstances Physicians planning to serve as an expedition physician are advised to take a course provided by the or a similar course by other

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

169. Diarrhea (Diagnosis)

stools; assess for Escherichia coli , particularly O157:H7, with bloody diarrhea and a history of eating ground beef; screen for Vibrio and Plesiomonas spp with a history of eating raw seafood or foreign travel Enzyme immunoassay for rotavirus or adenovirus antigens Latex agglutination assay for rotavirus Other laboratory studies may include the following: Serum albumin levels: Low in protein-losing enteropathies from enteroinvasive intestinal infections (eg, Salmonella spp, enteroinvasive E coli (...) . Close encoded search term (Diarrhea) and Diarrhea What to Read Next on Medscape Related Conditions and Diseases Medscape Consult News & Perspective Tools Slideshow Most Popular Articles According to Family Medicine Physicians Recommended 2002 928598-overview Diseases & Conditions Diseases & Conditions 2010 dukoral-mutacol-berna-travelers-diarrhea-and-cholera-vaccine-inactivated-343174 Drugs Drugs 2010 imodium-multi-symptom-relief-loperamide-simethicone-999320 Drugs Drugs 2010 mytesi-crofelemer

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

170. Diarrhea (Treatment)

1994-2019 by WebMD LLC. This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties. Close encoded search term (Diarrhea) and Diarrhea What to Read Next on Medscape Related Conditions and Diseases Medscape Consult News & Perspective Tools Slideshow Most Popular Articles According to Family Medicine Physicians Recommended 2002 928598-overview Diseases & Conditions Diseases & Conditions 2010 dukoral-mutacol-berna-travelers-diarrhea-and-cholera-vaccine-inactivated-343174 Drugs Drugs 2010 imodium (...) Diarrhea (Treatment) Diarrhea Treatment & Management: Medical Care, Consultations, Diet Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTI4NTk4LXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing > Diarrhea Treatment & Management Updated

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

171. Diarrhea (Overview)

stools; assess for Escherichia coli , particularly O157:H7, with bloody diarrhea and a history of eating ground beef; screen for Vibrio and Plesiomonas spp with a history of eating raw seafood or foreign travel Enzyme immunoassay for rotavirus or adenovirus antigens Latex agglutination assay for rotavirus Other laboratory studies may include the following: Serum albumin levels: Low in protein-losing enteropathies from enteroinvasive intestinal infections (eg, Salmonella spp, enteroinvasive E coli (...) . Close encoded search term (Diarrhea) and Diarrhea What to Read Next on Medscape Related Conditions and Diseases Medscape Consult News & Perspective Tools Slideshow Most Popular Articles According to Family Medicine Physicians Recommended 2002 928598-overview Diseases & Conditions Diseases & Conditions 2010 dukoral-mutacol-berna-travelers-diarrhea-and-cholera-vaccine-inactivated-343174 Drugs Drugs 2010 imodium-multi-symptom-relief-loperamide-simethicone-999320 Drugs Drugs 2010 mytesi-crofelemer

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

172. Diarrhea (Follow-up)

. A Cochrane Database review evaluated the results of 43 trials with 190,551 participants comparing rotavirus vaccines, both the monovalent and pentavalent types (RV1 and RV5), with placebo. Both vaccines were found to be effective in preventing rotavirus diarrhea. [ ] The Salmonella typhi vaccine is recommended for travelers to countries with a high risk of this infection, persons with intimate exposure to a documented typhoid fever carrier, and workers with frequent exposure to this bacteria. Live (...) Medicine Physicians Recommended 2002 928598-overview Diseases & Conditions Diseases & Conditions 2010 dukoral-mutacol-berna-travelers-diarrhea-and-cholera-vaccine-inactivated-343174 Drugs Drugs 2010 imodium-multi-symptom-relief-loperamide-simethicone-999320 Drugs Drugs 2010 mytesi-crofelemer-999806 Drugs Drugs Need a Curbside Consult? Share cases and questions with Physicians on Medscape consult.

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

173. A Comparison of Pharmacist Travel-Health Specialists' versus Primary Care Providers' Recommendations for Travel-Related Medications, Vaccinations, and Patient Compliance in a College Health Setting. (PubMed)

travel clinic (PTC) compared to PCPs at a University Student Health Center. Vaccine/medication recommendations were assessed for consistency with national/international guidelines. Medical/pharmacy records were queried to determine the receipt of medications/vaccinations.The PTC recommended antibiotics for travelers' diarrhea were given more often when indicated (96% vs 50%, p < 0.0001), and patients seen in the PTC received their medications more often (75% vs 63%, p = 0.04). PCPs prescribed more (...) antibiotics for travelers' diarrhea that were inconsistent with guidelines (not ordered when indicated 49% vs 6%, p < 0.0001 and ordered when not indicated 21% vs 3%, p < 0.0001). The PTC prescribed antimalarials more often when indicated (98% vs 81%, p < 0.0001), while PCPs prescribed more antimalarials that were inconsistent with guidelines (not ordered when indicated 15% vs 1%, p < 0.0001 and ordered when not indicated 19% vs 2%, p < 0.0001). The PTC ordered more vaccines per patient when indicated

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2011 Journal of Travel Medicine

174. Health recommendations for international travel: a review of the evidence base of travel medicine. (PubMed)

practice is growing. This review will describe the evidence base underlying travel medicine, highlight recently updated travel medicine guidelines, and outline future research priorities.Recommendations for a number of common vaccines for travelers have been updated recently. More sophisticated detection methods are leading to the identification of a wider spectrum of pathogens associated with travelers' diarrhea, and antibiotic resistance is increasingly being identified. New treatment options (...) Health recommendations for international travel: a review of the evidence base of travel medicine. International travel is increasing, including travel to countries with emerging economies. Travel may pose health risks for the individual and contribute to the global spread of infectious diseases. The specialty of travel medicine is aimed at minimizing health risks associated with international travel. The field has emerged in the past 25 years, and the evidence base supporting its clinical

2011 Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases

175. Travel and travelers' diarrhea in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. (PubMed)

Travel and travelers' diarrhea in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. This study evaluated occurrence of travel and travelers' diarrhea in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). A survey was mailed to 591 patients of a clinical practice who had IBS. Based on survey responses, patients were categorized as having IBS, post-infectious IBS (PI-IBS), unclassified functional bowel disorder (UFBD), or post-infectious UFBD (PI-UFBD). Of 201 persons who returned questionnaires meeting (...) disorder in each clinical category were shown to worsen after travel-related acute diarrhea.

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2010 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

176. Vaccination for safe travel to India (PubMed)

Vaccination for safe travel to India Worldwide more than 900 million international journeys are undertaken every year. India is one of the favorite tourist destinations around the world. International travel exposes travelers to a range of health risks. Traveling to India possess a threat to travelers with waterborne diseases like bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever; vector borne diseases like dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria; animal contact disease like (...) rabies. Furthermore diseases spreading through behavior aspects cannot be ruled out hence posing a risk for hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C as well. Hence, before travel the travelers are advised about the risk of disease in the country or countries they plan to visit and the steps to be taken to prevent illness. Vaccination offers the possibility of avoiding a number of infectious diseases that may be countered abroad. There is no single vaccination schedule that fits all travelers. Each schedule

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2013 Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics

177. Travel-associated Diseases, Indian Ocean Islands, 1997-2010. (PubMed)

Travel-associated Diseases, Indian Ocean Islands, 1997-2010. Data collected by the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network for 1,415 ill travelers returning from Indian Ocean islands during 1997-2010 were analyzed. Malaria (from Comoros and Madagascar), acute nonparasitic diarrhea, and parasitoses were the most frequently diagnosed infectious diseases. An increase in arboviral diseases reflected the 2005 outbreak of chikungunya fever.

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2013 Emerging Infectious Diseases

178. A quality improvement initiative using a novel travel survey to promote patient-centered counseling. (PubMed)

of risk for general illness when comparing travel duration of less than 14 days to greater than 14 days (11.3% vs 27.7%, p < 0.001). Duration of travel was also significant with regard to development of traveler's diarrhea (TD) (p = 0.0015). Destination of travel and development of traveler's diarrhea trended toward significance. Serious illness requiring a physician visit was infrequent, as were vaccine-related complications.Despite pre-travel counseling, traveler's diarrhea was the most common (...) A quality improvement initiative using a novel travel survey to promote patient-centered counseling. We sought to evaluate and provide better itinerary-specific care to precounseled travelers and to assess diseases occurring while traveling abroad by surveying a community population. An additional quality improvement initiative was to expand our post-travel survey to be a more valuable tool in gathering high-quality quantitative data.From de-identified data collected via post-travel surveys, we

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2013 Journal of Travel Medicine

179. Clostridium difficile Infection in Travelers-A Neglected Pathogen? (PubMed)

agents, notably fluoroquinolones. A sizable minority of travelers with CDI had no exposure to antibacterial agents at all. The incidence of travel-related CDI is unknown, but may be higher than previously suspected. A prospective study among travelers with unexplained acute or chronic diarrhea is warranted.© 2012 International Society of Travel Medicine. (...) Clostridium difficile Infection in Travelers-A Neglected Pathogen? Until recently, Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has been mostly diagnosed in hospitalized elderly patients treated with antibacterial agents. The epidemiology of C difficile is changing as the ribotype 027 strain is spreading worldwide, and more infections are diagnosed in patients residing in the community. Although only few data about the epidemiology of CDI in developing countries are available, a number of reports seem

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2013 Journal of Travel Medicine

180. Traveler's diarrhea

Traveler's diarrhea Traveler's diarrhea - Wikipedia Traveler's diarrhea From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Montezuma's revenge" and "Delhi belly" redirect here. For the film, see . For other uses, see . Traveler's diarrhea Other names Traveller's diarrhoea, tourist diarrhea, traveler's dysentery The bacteria E. coli, the most common cause of Traveler's diarrhea Symptoms Unformed while traveling, fever, abdominal cramps Duration Typically < 5 days Causes Often Prevention Eating only properly (...) prepared food, drinking , frequent Treatment , , Frequency ~35% of travelers to the Traveler's diarrhea ( TD ) is a stomach and intestinal infection. TD is defined as the passage of unformed (one or more by some definitions, three or more by others) while traveling. It may be accompanied by abdominal cramps, nausea, fever, and bloating. Occasionally may occur. Most travelers recover within four days with little or no treatment. About 10% of people may have symptoms for a week. are responsible for more

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2012 Wikipedia

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