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Traditional Chinese Medicine

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1. What drug therapies are being used to combat COVID-19 and therefore which drugs LHDs could stock up on?

) and sofosbuvir in combination with ribavirin ? Recent advice from the NHS outlines essential pharmaceuticals required to care for COVID-19 patients. Methods Google was searched on 23 March 2020 using terms [drug therapies AND COVID-19]. PubMed was searched for systematic reviews and there was one hit. Results ? In February 2020, a systematic review identified 23 potential and ongoing therapeutics trials (lopinavir-ritonavir; teicoplanin; rendesivir; Vir (monoclonal antibody); regeneron monoclonal antibody (...) ); ritonavir +ASC09; ) galidesivir; ‘molecules that inhibit 2 coronavirus enzymes’; ‘xue bi jing’; adjunctive steroids; Umefinovir; Darunavir; oral liquid Chinese medicine; chloroquine phosphate; Hydroxychloroquine; abidol hydrochloride, oseltamivir, lopinavir / ritonavir; lopinavir plus ritonavir and Arbidol; Rendesivir; darunavir and Cobicstat; mesenchymal stem cell; traditional Chinese medicine; methylprednisolone (Pang et al, 2020) Rapid evidence checks are based on a simplified review method and may

2020 Covid-19 Ad hoc papers

2. Using Clinical Laboratory Tests to Monitor Drug Therapy in Pain Management Patients

Using Clinical Laboratory Tests to Monitor Drug Therapy in Pain Management Patients LABORATORY MEDICINE PRACTICE GUIDELINES EDITED BY LORALIE J. LANGMAN AND PAUL J. JANNETTO Using Clinical Laboratory Tests to Monitor Drug Therapy in Pain Management Patients Co-Sponsored byLABORATORY MEDICINE PRACTICE GUIDELINES Using Clinical Laboratory Tests to Monitor Drug Therapy in Pain Management Patients Loralie J. Langman Committee Chair Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology Mayo Clinic (...) References 101 Table of ContentsLABORATORY MEDICINE PRACTICE GUIDELINES Using Clinical Laboratory Tests to Monitor Drug Therapy in Pain Management Patients 5 Executive Summary Introduction The American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC) Acad- emy, formerly the National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry (NACB), has developed a laboratory medicine practice guidelines (LMPG) for using laboratory tests to monitor drug therapy in pain management patients. The scope and purpose of this guideline

2018 American Academy of Pain Medicine

3. Drug Therapy for Early Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review Update

Drug Therapy for Early Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review Update PATIENT-CENTERED OUTCOMES RESEARCH INSTITUTE Drug Therapy for Early Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review Update July 2018 In partnership withComparative Effectiveness Review Number 211 Drug Therapy for Early Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review Update Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857 www.ahrq.gov and Patient (...) at: www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov. Search on the title of the report. Persons using assistive technology may not be able to fully access information in this report. For assistance contact epc@ahrq.hhs.gov. Suggested citation: Donahue KE, Gartlehner G, Schulman ER, Jonas B, Coker-Schwimmer E, Patel SV, Weber RP, Lohr KN, Bann C, Viswanathan M. Drug Therapy for Early Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review Update. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 211. (Prepared by the RTI International–University of North Carolina

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

4. Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine Use With Adherence to Prescribed Western Rheumatic Medications Among Chinese American Patients: A Cross-Sectional Survey. (Abstract)

Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine Use With Adherence to Prescribed Western Rheumatic Medications Among Chinese American Patients: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Chinese Americans are a fast-growing immigrant group with worse rheumatic disease outcomes compared to white populations and frequently use traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Whether TCM use is associated with lower adherence to Western rheumatic medications is unknown. The present study was undertaken to examine adherence (...) to Western medications for systemic rheumatic diseases in the Chinese American immigrant population and its association with TCM use.Chinese Americans actively treated for a systemic rheumatic disease were recruited from 2 Chinatown clinics. Sociodemographic, TCM use, and clinical data were gathered. Self-reported health status was assessed using Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System short forms. Adherence was stratified using the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. Factors

2020 Arthritis care & research

5. Study on the clinical assessment of integrated rehabilitation of Traditional Chinese Medicine and western medication for acute myocardial infarction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Study on the clinical assessment of integrated rehabilitation of Traditional Chinese Medicine and western medication for acute myocardial infarction. This trial aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Baduanjin exercise in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).A single-center, open, randomized controlled clinical trial will be conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Baduanjin exercise on the rehabilitation of AMI patients. It plans to enroll 64 patients. Patients (...) angina pectoris scale, hospital depression and anxiety scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale, scores of 4 examinations, and diagnostic methods of traditional Chinese medicine and composite endpoint events, etc. DISCUSSION:: This study will be the first to evaluate the effect of the Baduanjin exercise on the Peak VO2 in patients with AMI.This study has been registered on the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No: ChiCTR1800016209, protocol version 1.2).

2020 Medicine

6. Traditional Chinese medicine non-pharmaceutical therapies for adult chronic insomnia: a Bayesian network meta-analysis protocol

Traditional Chinese medicine non-pharmaceutical therapies for adult chronic insomnia: a Bayesian network meta-analysis protocol Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) . No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data

2019 PROSPERO

7. A Novel Approach to Describing Traditional Chinese Medical Patterns: The "Traditional Chinese Medical Diagnostic Descriptor". Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Novel Approach to Describing Traditional Chinese Medical Patterns: The "Traditional Chinese Medical Diagnostic Descriptor". In the first of a series of three articles by the present authors, diagnostic agreement between Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners was found to be low. This was the first time that TCM diagnoses had been evaluated with an open population of patients and this result is a cause of concern. In the second article, incorrect statistics were shown to have often (...) been used to calculate chance-removed inter-rater agreement, and appropriate statistics such as Gwet's Agreement Coefficient 2 (AC2) was recommended for future studies. In this, the third article, a novel approach to recording TCM diagnostic patterns, the Traditional Chinese Medical Diagnostic Descriptor (TCMDD), is presented that allows chance-removed agreement calculation. An example of mapping TCM diagnostic patterns to the TCMDD format is given and diagnostic agreement is evaluated. Design

2018 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

8. Integrating traditional Chinese medicine healthcare into dementia care plan by reducing the need for special nursing care and medical expenses. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integrating traditional Chinese medicine healthcare into dementia care plan by reducing the need for special nursing care and medical expenses. Reducing the need for advanced nursing care and medical expenses is an essential concern of dementia care. We investigated the impact of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on advanced nursing care and medical costs.We used Longitudinal Health Insurance Database to implement a cohort study of patients with dementia between 1997 and 2012 in Taiwan. Data

2019 Medicine

9. Drug delivery systems for elemene, its main active ingredient β-elemene, and its derivatives in cancer therapy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Drug delivery systems for elemene, its main active ingredient β-elemene, and its derivatives in cancer therapy β-elemene is a noncytotoxic Class II antitumor drug extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine Curcuma wenyujin Y. H. Chen et C. Ling. β-elemene exerts its effects by inhibiting cell proliferation, arresting the cell cycle, inducing cell apoptosis, exerting antiangiogenesis and antimetastasis effects, reversing multiple-drug resistance (MDR), and enhancing the immune system (...) hand, a number of highly active anticancer β-elemene derivatives have been obtained through modification of the structure of β-elemene. This review focuses on the two drug delivery systems and derivatives of β-elemene for cancer therapy.

2018 International journal of nanomedicine

10. Is Traditional Chinese Medicine "Mainstream" in China? Trends in Traditional Chinese Medicine Health Resources and Their Utilization in Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospitals from 2004 to 2016. Full Text available with Trip Pro

in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) hospitals in China.Over 2004-2016, we obtained data from all TCM hospitals in all Chinese provinces to create a hospital-based, longitudinal dataset. TCM health resources and their utilization were measured by two outcome variables: (1) primary outcome variables comprising the proportion of TCM physicians, TCM pharmacists, revenue from TCM drugs, and TCM prescriptions and (2) the secondary outcome variables, as proxies of westernization for TCM hospitals, comprising (...) medicines (0.331%) and TCM prescriptions (1.613%) per hospital per year. Chinese drugs accounted for less than a half of the total drug prescriptions, and accordingly, just one-third of the drug revenue was from Chinese medicines at TCM hospitals. The proportions of physicians, pharmacists, revenue from Chinese drug sales, and traditional medicine prescriptions never reach the 60% benchmark target for mainstream in TCM hospitals. As proxies for Western medicine practices in TCM hospitals, the number

2020 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM)

11. The combined therapy of a traditional Chinese medicine formula and Western medicine for a critically ill case infected with COVID-19. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The combined therapy of a traditional Chinese medicine formula and Western medicine for a critically ill case infected with COVID-19. Presentation of a case illustrating the benefits of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treatment of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in critically ill patients.A 58-year-old woman presented with cough, fever, dizziness, chest tightness, polypnea and poor appetite. She was admitted to Guizhou Provincial People's hospital, and diagnosed with critically ill (...) with this Chinese herbal formula were found. Before discharge, two consecutive nasopharyngeal swabs were shown to be negative for severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).Our case report suggests that collaborative treatments with traditional Chinese medicine prove beneficial in the management of COVID-19 in critically ill patients. In order to give optimal care for this COVID-19 crisis for the whole world, Chinese medicine practitioners and Western medical doctors should work together

2020 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

12. Brain Functional Differences in Drug-Naive Major Depression with Anxiety Patients of Different Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome Patterns: A Resting-State fMRI Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Brain Functional Differences in Drug-Naive Major Depression with Anxiety Patients of Different Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome Patterns: A Resting-State fMRI Study. Major depressive disorder (MDD), especially combined with anxiety, has a high incidence and low detection rate in China. Literature has shown that patients under major depression with anxiety (MDA) are more likely to nominate a somatic, rather than psychological, symptom as their presenting complaint. In the theory (...) of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), clinical symptoms of MDD patients are mainly categorized into two different syndrome patterns: Deficiency and Excess. We intend to use resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to investigate their brain functional differences and hopefully to find their brain function mechanism. For our research, 42 drug-naive MDA patients were divided into two groups (21 for Deficiency and 21 for Excess), with an additional 19 unaffected participants in the normal

2020 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM)

13. Integrated Chinese Herbal Medicine and Western Medicine on the Survival in Patients with Colorectal Cancer: A Retrospective Study of Medical Records. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integrated Chinese Herbal Medicine and Western Medicine on the Survival in Patients with Colorectal Cancer: A Retrospective Study of Medical Records. Recent studies suggested that Traditional Chinese Medicine could play a beneficial role in conventional cancer treatment. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the effect of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) combined with Western medicine on the survival of patients with colorectal cancer. A retrospective cohort study (...) was conducted on patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer identified from the Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital Cancer Registry Database in 2004-2014. Combining with the medical records of the study hospital, patients were classified into CHM users and CHM nonusers. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to investigate the survival between CHM users and CHM nonusers. A total of 535 patients with colorectal cancer were included in the study with 147 of them were CHM

2020 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM)

14. A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial of Combining Therapy with Traditional Chinese Medicine-Based Psychotherapy and Chinese Herbal Medicine for Menopausal Women with Moderate to Serious Mood Disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial of Combining Therapy with Traditional Chinese Medicine-Based Psychotherapy and Chinese Herbal Medicine for Menopausal Women with Moderate to Serious Mood Disorder. To comparatively examine the effectiveness and safety of the combination therapy of traditional Chinese medicine formula Bushen-Shugan granule and psychotherapy (BSSG-P) and Chinese herbal medicine Bushen-Shugan granule (BSSG) alone in the treatment of moderate to serious mood disorder

2019 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

15. Medication regularity of pulmonary fibrosis treatment by contemporary traditional Chinese medicine experts based on data mining Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medication regularity of pulmonary fibrosis treatment by contemporary traditional Chinese medicine experts based on data mining Treatment of pulmonary fibrosis by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has accumulated important experience. Our interest is in exploring the medication regularity of contemporary Chinese medical specialists treating pulmonary fibrosis.Through literature search, medical records from TCM experts who treat pulmonary fibrosis, which were published in Chinese and English (...) medical journals, were selected for this study. As the object of study, a database was established after analysing the records. After data cleaning, the rules of medicine in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis in medical records of TCM were explored by using data mining technologies such as frequency analysis, association rule analysis, and link analysis.A total of 124 medical records from 60 doctors were selected in this study; 263 types of medicinals were used a total of 5,455 times; the herbs

2018 Journal of thoracic disease

16. Traditional Chinese Medical Care and Incidence of Stroke in Elderly Patients Treated with Antidiabetic Medications Full Text available with Trip Pro

Traditional Chinese Medical Care and Incidence of Stroke in Elderly Patients Treated with Antidiabetic Medications Experimental research has shown that herbal and traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) may serve as complements to Western medicine treatments in the control of blood glucose and cardiovascular complications, but population-based studies are limited. We investigated the association between TCM use and subsequent risk of stroke in older patients with diabetes.The database used (...) in this cohort study contained longitudinal medical claims for one million subjects randomly selected among beneficiaries of a universal health care program in Taiwan. We identified a cohort of patients with diabetes aged 65 years and older who initiated anti-diabetic medications from 2000 to 2012. Patients who had at least two TCM outpatient visits after their initiation of anti-diabetic medications were considered TCM users.The incidence of stroke was measured until 2013. Cox regression models with TCM use

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

17. The Effects of a Traditional Chinese Medication on Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. (Abstract)

The Effects of a Traditional Chinese Medication on Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Objective: This feasibility study examined the effects of a particular Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) herbal formula on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and related problem behaviors. Design: A total of 79 participants aging 6-12 years consumed a granulated TCM herbal formula twice daily over a period of 3 months and underwent assessments at months 0, 3, and 6. Changes

2020 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

18. Patient safety incident reports related to traditional Japanese Kampo medicines: medication errors and adverse drug events in a university hospital for a ten-year period. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Patient safety incident reports related to traditional Japanese Kampo medicines: medication errors and adverse drug events in a university hospital for a ten-year period. Kampo medicine is traditional Japanese medicine, which originated in ancient traditional Chinese medicine, but was introduced and developed uniquely in Japan. Today, Kampo medicines are integrated into the Japanese national health care system. Incident reporting systems are currently being widely used to collect information (...) and adverse drug events.Out of 21,324 total incident reports filed in the 10-year survey period, we discovered 108 Kampo medicine-related incident reports. However, five cases were redundantly reported; thus, the number of actual incidents was 103. Of those, 99 incidents were classified as medication errors (77 administration errors, 15 dispensing errors, and 7 prescribing errors), and four were adverse drug events, namely Kampo medicine-induced interstitial pneumonia. The Kampo medicine (crude drug

2017 BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

19. participants:postoperative patients with Colorectal cancerinterventions: Traditional Chinese Medicine(Chinese herbs Chinese patent medicine)combined with L-OHP-based Chemotherapy regimencomparisons:L-OHP-based Chemotherapy regimenOutcomes:TCM therapy comb

participants:postoperative patients with Colorectal cancerinterventions: Traditional Chinese Medicine(Chinese herbs Chinese patent medicine)combined with L-OHP-based Chemotherapy regimencomparisons:L-OHP-based Chemotherapy regimenOutcomes:TCM therapy comb Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied (...) selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract

2020 PROSPERO

20. Contextualizing geneticization and medical pluralism: How variable institutionalization of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) conditions effects of genetic beliefs on utilization. (Abstract)

Contextualizing geneticization and medical pluralism: How variable institutionalization of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) conditions effects of genetic beliefs on utilization. As genetic models are increasingly incorporated in medicine, health service users seem to accept these models to varying degrees. To appreciate these differences, this paper examines how health service users' genetic beliefs of health are associated with their use of traditional, complementary (...) , and alternative medicine (TCAM) via responses from 31 countries in the 2011 ISSP survey. It finds an interesting contrast between East Asian countries and other countries in the world. The negative association between genetic beliefs and TCAM use is strong in the latter, whereas it is weak in the former. More intriguingly, the analysis demonstrates significant cross-national differences within East Asian countries. Chinese and Koreans reveal a negative relationship between genetic beliefs and TCAM use, while

2020 Social Science & Medicine

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