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Topical Ointment

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81. Effects of a ceramide containing water-in-oil ointment on skin barrier function and allergen penetration in an IL-31 treated 3D model of the disrupted skin barrier. (PubMed)

with the differentiation of keratinocytes and inhibits the expression of terminal differentiation markers. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a ceramide-containing water-in-oil skin care ointment on the physical skin barrier structure and function in disrupted skin barrier models, generated either by using primary normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) or HaCaT cells. We observed that the physical skin barrier of the models recovered after daily topical treatment with the ceramide-containing (...) ointment. Topical application of the ointment prevented downregulation of filaggrin and disorganization of other differentiation markers, such as keratin 10 and β4-integrin, as demonstrated by immunohistological analysis. The expression of Ki67 was also upregulated in response to the ointment. Furthermore, functional studies revealed that local application of the ointment diminished the increased uptake of fluorescently labelled recombinant allergens of timothy grass (phl p1) in our model

2018 Experimental Dermatology

82. Evaluation of wound healing activity of henna, pomegranate and myrrh herbal ointment blend (PubMed)

Evaluation of wound healing activity of henna, pomegranate and myrrh herbal ointment blend This study assessed the wound healing potential and antimicrobial activity of henna, pomegranate and myrrh extract formulations and their blend in excision, and dead space wound models in rats in comparison to a marketed ointment (gentamycin). The natural extracts were used in ointment formulations alone or in a combination of three extracts at a total concentration of 15% w/w in medications. The percent (...) of wound contraction in case of henna, myrrh, pomegranate, the blend and gentamycin (10 mg/kg) were 85.90-98.5%, 88.35-99.52%, 93.55-100%, 97.30-100%, and 90.25-100% from days 16 to 20, respectively. The blended formulation showed the highest increase in the percent of wound contraction and decrease in the epithelisation period compared to other formulations and showed comparable results to the standard ointment. The histological studies of excision biopsy at day 24 showed healed skin structures

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2018 Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal : SPJ

83. An Ointment Consisting of the Phage Lysin LysGH15 and Apigenin for Decolonization of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus from Skin Wounds (PubMed)

to approximately 10² CFU/mg at 18 h after treatment (and the bacteria became undetectable at 96 h), whereas the mean count in untreated mice was approximately 10⁵ CFU/mg of tissue. The LAA ointment also reduced the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, and IFN-γ) and accelerated wound healing in the mouse model. These data demonstrate the potential efficacy of a combination of LysGH15 and api for use as a topical antimicrobial agent against S. aureus. (...) An Ointment Consisting of the Phage Lysin LysGH15 and Apigenin for Decolonization of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus from Skin Wounds Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a common and dangerous pathogen that causes various infectious diseases. Skin damage, such as burn wounds, are at high risk of Staphylococcus aureus colonization and infection, which increases morbidity and mortality. The phage lysin LysGH15 exhibits highly efficient lytic activity against methicillin-resistant S

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2018 Viruses

84. Tacrolimus ointment for the treatment of adult and pediatric atopic dermatitis: Review on safety and benefits (PubMed)

Tacrolimus ointment for the treatment of adult and pediatric atopic dermatitis: Review on safety and benefits Atopic dermatitis (AD) requires long-term management, mainly with topical anti-inflammatory agents. Topical corticosteroids (TCS) and tacrolimus ointment (TAC-O) are recommended as first-line treatments for AD. However, the long-term use of TCS is limited by cutaneous adverse events such as skin atrophy. For TAC-O, Japanese and US labelings were updated in 2003 and 2006, respectively (...) , to include a boxed warning about a theoretical risk of skin cancer and lymphoma in patients treated with topical calcineurin inhibitors. However, TAC-O has been used worldwide for longer than 15 years to treat adult and pediatric patients with AD. Available data suggest that TAC-O is effective and well tolerated, and can improve quality of life. TAC-O has successfully been used in the proactive management of AD consisting of long-term intermittent use to prevent, delay or reduce the occurrence of AD

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2018 The Journal of dermatology

85. Single-Center Study Evaluating Systemic Exposure and Safety of KX2-391 Ointment 1% on the Face or Balding Scalp in Subjects With Actinic Keratosis

subjects when applied to an area of skin containing at least 5 clinically typical, visible, and discrete Actinic Keratosis lesions on the face or balding scalp. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Actinic Keratoses Drug: KX2-391 Ointment 1% Phase 1 Detailed Description: This study will be a open-label, single center, pharmacokinetic, and safety study of KX2-391 Ointment administered topically to the face or balding scalp of subjects with actinic keratosis. The study consists of Screening (...) , Treatment, and Follow-up Periods. Eligible subjects will receive 5 consecutive days of topical treatment, to be applied at the same location. Activity (lesion counts) and safety evaluations will be performed. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 16 participants Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment Intervention Model Description: This study will test KX2-391 Ointment 1%. Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose

2018 Clinical Trials

86. Efficacy and Safety of AD-MSCs Plus Calpocitriol Ointment in Patients With Moderate to Severe Psoriasis

: December 30, 2018 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: available for: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: AD-MSCs plus Calcipotriol ointment group AD-MSCs(adipose-derived multipotent mesenchymal stem cells ) intravenous injection at a dose of 0.5 million cells/kg at week 0,week 4,week 8 with a duration for treatment for 12 weeks. The topical treatment in the study was calcipotriol ointment(Dovonex;LEO Laboratories Ltd, Ireland (...) ) twice daily for 12 weeks. Drug: Calcipotriol ointment The topical treatment in the study was calcipotriol ointment(Dovonex;LEO Laboratories Ltd, Ireland) twice daily for 12 weeks. Biological: adipose-derived multipotent mesenchymal stem cells AD-MSCs(adipose-derived multipotent mesenchymal stem cells) were infused intravenously at a dose of 0.5 million cells/kg. Other Name: AD-MSCs Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Improvement rate of PASI(Psoriasis Area and Severity Index) [ Time

2018 Clinical Trials

87. A Study of Crisaborole Ointment 2%; Crisaborole Vehicle; TCS and TCI in Subjects Aged ≥ 2 Years, With Mild-moderate AD

. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03539601 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : May 28, 2018 Last Update Posted : February 15, 2019 See Sponsor: Pfizer Information provided by (Responsible Party): Pfizer Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This 4-week study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of crisaborole ointment 2%; crisaborole vehicle; topical corticosteroid and topical calcineurin inhibitor, applied twice daily (BID) in subjects who are at least 2 years of age with mild (...) , SAFETY, AND LOCAL TOLERABILITY OF CRISABOROLE OINTMENT, 2% IN PEDIATRIC AND ADULT SUBJECTS (AGES 2 YEARS AND OLDER) WITH MILD TO MODERATE ATOPIC DERMATITIS Actual Study Start Date : April 27, 2018 Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 25, 2020 Estimated Study Completion Date : May 25, 2020 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: related topics: available for: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: Crisaborole ointment, 2

2018 Clinical Trials

88. Dermatologic Tacrolimus Ointment on Eyelids in the Treatment of Refractory Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis and Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis

patients is refractory to steroid treatment and another 35.4% of patients showed partial response. Tacrolimus ointment or eye drops are promising anti-inflammatory agents that have been shown very effective against VKC for patients suffering from severe VKC resistant to topical cyclosporine. Although tacrolimus eye drops is very effective in severe cases of VKC, unfortunately, it is only available in limited countries. Because of the unavailability of tacrolimus eye drops and side effect of long-tern (...) steroid use, we tried to find other options for these severe VKC and AKC. Because there will be concomitant atopic dermatitis in the eyelid of severe cases of VKC and AKC, we retrospectively collected in cases using topical tacrolimus dermatological ointment on the skin of upper eye lid in the treatment of severe VKC and AKC with concomitant atopic dermatitis. Here, we reported 10 cases with either VKC or AKC whose symptoms resolved significantly with dermatologic tacrolimus ointment applying

2018 Clinical Trials

89. Calcipotriol/betamethasone ointment compared to narrow-band UVB in plaque psoriasis: first clinical and ultrasonographic study. (PubMed)

the efficacy of combined calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate to NB-UVB in psoriatic patients with Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) 9-10 treated in a routine clinical practice.This prospective, observational study included 58 consecutive patients (age range, 19-65 years) diagnosed with recurrent chronic small plaque psoriasis. Patients were offered either topical therapy with a two-compound ointment containing calcipotriol (50 μm/g) and betamethasone dipropionate (0.5 mg/g) or NB-UVB (311 nm (...) Calcipotriol/betamethasone ointment compared to narrow-band UVB in plaque psoriasis: first clinical and ultrasonographic study. A wide range of treatments are available for psoriasis, including pharmaceuticals and phototherapy. Calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate and narrow-band ultraviolet phototherapy (NB-UVB) are both effective monotherapies for psoriasis; however, these two therapies have never been directly compared in a prospective clinical study. In this study, we compared

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2018 International Journal of Dermatology

90. Cheilitis Glandularis of Both Lips: Successful Treatment with a Combination of an Intralesional Steroid Injection and Tacrolimus Ointment (PubMed)

Cheilitis Glandularis of Both Lips: Successful Treatment with a Combination of an Intralesional Steroid Injection and Tacrolimus Ointment Cheilitis glandularis (CG) is an inflammatory condition of unknown cause that predominantly affects the minor salivary glands of the lips. Although a diagnosis of CG is not difficult, its treatment is a challenge. This article highlights the clinical presentation of the disease together with a case of successful management of this disease using a combination (...) of a steroid injection followed by a topical immunosuppressor.

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2018 Case reports in dentistry

91. Ointment vehicles regulate the wound-healing process by modifying the hyaluronan-rich matrix. (PubMed)

Ointment vehicles regulate the wound-healing process by modifying the hyaluronan-rich matrix. Topical ointment consists of an active ingredient and vehicle, and the vehicle largely comprises the volume of the ointment. During the treatment of chronic wounds, such as pressure ulcers, the vehicle has been considered inactive, only serving as a carrier of the main pharmaceutical. However, recent reports have indicated that the vehicle has distinct clinical effects that depend on its (...) physicochemical properties. Therefore, an understanding of the action mechanism of the ointment vehicle in wound tissue is necessary. In this study, we established a mouse model to analyze tissue reactions induced by the following ointment vehicles, an oil-in-water emulsion (EM) vehicle; a macrogol ointment (MO), which is a water-soluble, hydrophilic vehicle; and a MOs containing sucrose (MS). EM-treated wounds exhibited an inflammatory reaction characterized by tissue edema and thick granulation tissue

2018 Wound Repair and Regeneration

92. The Effect of Nitroglycerin Ointment, Fluorescent Angiography, and Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy on Mastectomy Skin Flap Perfusion-Related Problems

The Effect of Nitroglycerin Ointment, Fluorescent Angiography, and Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy on Mastectomy Skin Flap Perfusion-Related Problems The Effect of Nitroglycerin Ointment, Fluorescent Angiography, and Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy on Mastectomy Skin Flap Perfusion-Related Problems - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study (...) Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effect of Nitroglycerin Ointment, Fluorescent Angiography, and Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy on Mastectomy Skin Flap Perfusion-Related Problems The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S

2018 Clinical Trials

93. Impact of Hypericum Perforatum Ointment on Perineal Pain Intensity Following Episiotomy: a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

(mean difference=2.21; P<0.001) following the intervention. Conclusion: Using Hypericum Perforatum ointment as a noninvasive, simple and effective topical formulation, can significantly reduce pain intensity of episiotomy site. (...) Impact of Hypericum Perforatum Ointment on Perineal Pain Intensity Following Episiotomy: a Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. Introduction: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Hypericum Perforatum ointment on perineal pain intensity following episiotomy among primiparous women. Methods This triple-blind clinical trial was performed on 98 eligible primiparous women referring to selected educational hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences for normal vaginal

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2018 Journal of caring sciences Controlled trial quality: predicted high

94. Systemic Tofacitinib Concentrations in Adult Patients With Atopic Dermatitis Treated With 2% Tofacitinib Ointment and Application to Pediatric Study Planning. (PubMed)

-group study (NCT02001181) in adult patients with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis and 2% to 20% body surface area (BSA) involvement. Tofacitinib ointment demonstrated significantly greater efficacy versus vehicle for all efficacy end points and had an acceptable safety profile. Predose and postdose pharmacokinetic samples were collected in week 2 and week 4. The objective of this analysis was to assess if predicted mean tofacitinib concentrations with topical application at higher treated BSA (...) Systemic Tofacitinib Concentrations in Adult Patients With Atopic Dermatitis Treated With 2% Tofacitinib Ointment and Application to Pediatric Study Planning. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic eczematous, pruritic, inflammatory skin condition affecting children and adults. Tofacitinib is a Janus kinase inhibitor. The efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of 2% tofacitinib ointment twice daily have been evaluated in a 4-week phase 2a multisite randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, parallel

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2018 Journal of clinical pharmacology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

95. Anesthetic ointment only (lidocaine/prilocaine) instead of injectable local lidocaine in trans-radial catheterization: A viable no-needle alternative. (PubMed)

Anesthetic ointment only (lidocaine/prilocaine) instead of injectable local lidocaine in trans-radial catheterization: A viable no-needle alternative. The aim of the present study was to assess the level of access site pain in patients undergoing transradial coronary catheterization by using topical application of an anesthetic ointment (lidocaine/prilocaine-AO) compared to standard local anesthesia (LA) by means of injectable lidocaine.We prospectively studied 444 patients undergoing elective (...) (VAS: AO: 0.07 ± 0.5 vs LA: 0.15 ± 0.6, P = NS). The time to obtain radial access was also not affected by the use of anesthetic ointment (AO: 62.24 ± 25.7 s vs LA: 64.04 ± 18.78 sec, P = NS). The rate of clinical or angiographic radial artery spasm was similar (8-10%) between the groups (P = NS) CONCLUSION: Use of a local anesthetic ointment, versus injectable lidocaine, in trans-radial cardiac catheterization as means of local anesthesia, was found to be equally effective in terms of pain, artery

2018 Journal of interventional cardiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

96. Tacrolimus Ointment for Refractory Posterior Blepharitis. (PubMed)

scoring for pruritus and dry eye sensation in the tacrolimus group.This study suggests that topical administration of 0.03% tacrolimus ointment can improve some symptoms and some ocular surface status in patients with refractory posterior blepharitis. (...) Tacrolimus Ointment for Refractory Posterior Blepharitis. This prospective, randomized, double-blind interventional case series was designed to evaluate the short-term efficacy of 0.03% tacrolimus ointment as a new therapeutic approach for refractory cases of posterior blepharitis.Forty eyes (20 patients) with posterior blepharitis refractory to previous treatment were randomized. Eighteen eyes (9 patients) were treated with 0.03% tacrolimus ointment and 20 eyes (10 patients) with placebo

2018 Current eye research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

97. Randomized, Prospective, Open-label Phase III Trial Comparing Mebo Ointment With Biafine Cream for the Management of Acute Dermatitis During Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer. (PubMed)

dermatitis in breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant radiation therapy.This is a prospective open-label randomized phase III study developed to assess the efficacy of 2 topical agents used for management of acute radiation dermatitis. Female breast cancer patients who needed a course of radiation therapy in our institution were enrolled and randomized into 2 groups 1 with Mebo ointment and 1 with Biafine cream. Both medications were applied twice per day during the whole period of treatment and skin (...) Randomized, Prospective, Open-label Phase III Trial Comparing Mebo Ointment With Biafine Cream for the Management of Acute Dermatitis During Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer. Acute radiation dermatitis is a common side-effect of radiotherapy in breast cancer and has a profound impact on patients' quality of life, due to pain and discomfort. The aim of this study is to compare the effect of β-sitosterol (Mebo) ointment to trolamine (Biafine) cream for the prevention and treatment of radiation

2018 American journal of clinical oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

98. Efficacy of a Chinese Herbal Medicine Compound Zhangpi Ointment against Hydroxyurea-Induced Leg Ulcers: A Prospective, Randomized, Open-Label, Controlled Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Efficacy of a Chinese Herbal Medicine Compound Zhangpi Ointment against Hydroxyurea-Induced Leg Ulcers: A Prospective, Randomized, Open-Label, Controlled Clinical Trial. Objective. The randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of topical Chinese herbal Zhangpi Ointment for hydroxyurea-induced leg ulcers in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms. Patients and Methods. This single-center, prospective, randomized, open-label, controlled clinical trial conducted at Shanghai Ninth (...) People's Hospital enrolled 54 patients with hydroxyurea-induced leg ulcers. Patients were randomly assigned to the control group (n = 27) treated with chlorhexidine dressing or the intervention group (n = 27) treated with the Zhangpi Ointment. Finally, 26 patients in the control group and 23 patients in the intervention group completed 8 weeks of observation. Results. The rate of complete healing was 100% for the intervention group, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (96.15

2018 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

99. A Randomised Comparison of Efficacy and Safety of Intralesional Triamcinolone Injection and Clobetasol Propionate Ointment for Psoriatic Nails. (PubMed)

A Randomised Comparison of Efficacy and Safety of Intralesional Triamcinolone Injection and Clobetasol Propionate Ointment for Psoriatic Nails. Even though the traditional therapy for nail psoriasis has been used for decades, no randomized, controlled trial of such treatment has been conducted to date.To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intralesional triamcinolone injections compared with 0.05% clobetasol ointment for psoriatic nails.Psoriasis patients, each with three fingernails (...) with similar degrees of severity, were randomly recruited for intralesional triamcinolone injection group, 0.05% clobetasol ointment group, and a control group. The target Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) score of each finger was evaluated, any adverse effects were recorded, and photographs were taken.Forty-eight affected nails were analyzed. At the second month, a significantly greater reduction of the target NAPSI score was observed in the injection group compared to the control group (p = .003

2018 Journal of Dermatological Treatment Controlled trial quality: uncertain

100. Phase 1 studies to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of JTE‐052 (a novel Janus kinase inhibitor) ointment in Japanese healthy volunteers and patients with atopic dermatitis (PubMed)

Phase 1 studies to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of JTE‐052 (a novel Janus kinase inhibitor) ointment in Japanese healthy volunteers and patients with atopic dermatitis The purpose of the present two phase 1 studies was to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics for topical application of a novel Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, JTE-052, in Japanese healthy adult male volunteers and Japanese adult patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). Additionally, exploratory (...) investigation was performed on the efficacy for disease severity and pruritus score in AD patients. In the QBX1-1 study, the cutaneous safety of JTE-052 ointment by a patch test and a photo patch test was assessed in an intra-individual comparative study using placebo ointment, white petrolatum and non-application as comparators. The study demonstrated that JTE-052 ointment would be associated with a low potential for phototoxicity but had no potential for skin irritation or photoallergy. In the QBX1-2

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2018 The Journal of dermatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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