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4,013 results for

Topical Ointment

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4001. Comparison of the effects of daily applications between topical corticosteroid and tacrolimus ointments on normal skin: evaluation with noninvasive methods. (PubMed)

Comparison of the effects of daily applications between topical corticosteroid and tacrolimus ointments on normal skin: evaluation with noninvasive methods. To evaluate the skin changes of the neck of normal individuals after repeated applications of moderate-strength corticosteroid or tracrolimus ointment for 3 weeks by use of noninvasive biophysical measurements.A 0.12% betamethasone-17-valerate ointment or a 0.1% tacrolimus ointment was applied to the right side of the neck of 8 adult (...) of the treatment as compared with the petrolatum-treated side. The erythematous reaction to a topically applied 0.1% aqueous solution of methyl nicotinate, a vasodilator, appeared more slowly on the corticosteroid-ointment-treated skin than on the control skin. No such changes were observed on the skin treated with 0.1% tacrolimus ointment.Tacrolimus appears to cause few if any functional changes in the SC of healthy human skin because of its poor permeability into skin with an intact barrier

2002 Dermatology (Basel, Switzerland)

4002. Clear topical ointment decreases transepidermal water loss in jaundiced preterm infants receiving phototherapy. (PubMed)

Clear topical ointment decreases transepidermal water loss in jaundiced preterm infants receiving phototherapy. The evaporation rate (ER) from the skin was measured in 40 jaundiced preterm infants born at less than or equal to 34 weeks of gestation. The baseline measurements were executed in both the right and left side in 3 positions: upper arm, back and lower leg. The patients were randomly recruited to a treatment or a control group. The treatment group received 3.0 ml of clear topical (...) ointment just before phototherapy. Conventional phototherapy was placed above the incubators in both groups. ER and ambient skin temperature were measured at the same point at 30 minutes and 5 hours during phototherapy. In the control group, ER was increased by 8.0 per cent (P value = 0.01) and 14.5 per cent (P value < 0.001) at 30 minutes and 5 hours during phototherapy, respectively. In the treatment group, clear topical ointment decreased ER by 19.2 per cent (P value < 0.001) and 13.2 per cent (P

2002 Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet

4003. Topical nifedipine with lidocaine ointment vs. active control for treatment of chronic anal fissure: results of a prospective, randomized, double-blind study. (PubMed)

Topical nifedipine with lidocaine ointment vs. active control for treatment of chronic anal fissure: results of a prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Chronic anal fissure may be treated by chemical or surgical sphincterotomy. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of local application of nifedipine and lidocaine ointment in healing chronic anal fissure.The study was performed according to a prospective, randomized, double-blind design. One hundred ten patients who gave informed (...) consent were recruited. They received a clinical examination, a questionnaire to evaluate symptoms and pain, anorectal manometry, and anoscopy. Healing of anal fissure at Day 42 of therapy was defined as the primary efficacy variable of the study. Patients treated with nifedipine (n = 55) used topical 0.3 percent nifedipine and 1.5 percent lidocaine ointment every 12 hours for 6 weeks. The control group (n = 55) received topical 1.5 percent lidocaine and 1 percent hydrocortisone acetate ointment

2002 Diseases of the colon and rectum

4004. [Acceleration of burn wound healing with topical application of recombinant human epidermal growth factor ointments]. (PubMed)

[Acceleration of burn wound healing with topical application of recombinant human epidermal growth factor ointments]. To investigate the efficiency of recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) on burn wound healing and to explore the effective density of the ointments.A total of 120 cases of burn in superficial II degree and profound II degree were randomly divided into 2 groups. In the first group of 15 cases of superficial II degree, the wounds were treated by rhEGF ointments (...) of different density, 0.5 microgram/g, 10 micrograms/g and 50 micrograms/g, to screen out the effective density. And in the other 105 cases of the second group, optimal density of the ointments based on the result of the first group were employed to treat the burn wound in superficial II degree and profound II degree, with the self-corresponding wounds of the same degree as control, to study the efficiency of rhEGF on wound healing, according to the wound healing time, and adverse reaction

2002 Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery

4005. Topical nitroglycerin ointment in Raynaud's phenomenon. (PubMed)

Topical nitroglycerin ointment in Raynaud's phenomenon. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the hemodynamics of nitroglycerin ointment in Raynaud's phenomenon. 22 patients (15 women and 7 men aged 25-75 years) suffering from Raynaud's phenomenon were investigated in a double-blind paradigm. Blood flow measurements were performed by venous occlusion plethysmography. Cardiac output was registered by means of impedance cardiography. 800 mg nitroglycerin ointment 2% was applied on one hand (...) only. In the placebo group, finger blood flow, blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output did not change significantly. In the group receiving nitroglycerin, finger blood flow increased significantly from 21.6 +/- 6.0 to 31.7 +/- 7.0 ml/100 ml/min. Systolic blood pressure decreased from 126 +/- 4 to 118 +/- 3 mmHg. Cardiac output significantly decreased from 7.3 +/- 0.8 to 6.3 +/- 0.5 l/min. It is concluded that nitroglycerin ointment in Raynaud's phenomenon has a local and a systemic effect

1985 Zeitschrift für Kardiologie

4006. Once-daily treatment of psoriasis with topical glucocorticosteroid ointments. (PubMed)

Once-daily treatment of psoriasis with topical glucocorticosteroid ointments. A double-blind, vehicle-controlled comparison of two glucocorticosteroid ointments demonstrated that once-daily therapy for psoriasis was effective. After 3 weeks of once-daily therapy, psoriasis subjects treated with betamethasone dipropionate (BD) ointment or diflorasone diacetate (DD) ointment showed statistically significant (p less than 0.01) improvement compared to subjects using vehicle alone.

1983 Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

4007. Halogenation and topical corticosteroids: a comparison between the 17-butyrate esters of hydrocortisone and clobetasone in ointment bases. (PubMed)

Halogenation and topical corticosteroids: a comparison between the 17-butyrate esters of hydrocortisone and clobetasone in ointment bases. Clobetasone butyrate 0.05% (Eumovate), a halogenated topical steroid, was compared with hydrocortison butyrate 0.1% (Locoid) which does not contain any halogen atoms. In the treatment of eczema there was not difference between the preparations, but in that of psoriasis the halogen-containing steriod was significantly more effective. Under normal

1981 The British journal of dermatology

4008. The effect of topical fluocinonide ointment on phototherapy of psoriasis. (PubMed)

The effect of topical fluocinonide ointment on phototherapy of psoriasis. The effect of fluocinonide ointment and 5% crude coal tar on clearance of plaque-type psoriasis vulgaris by phototherapy was studied in 25 hospitalized patients using the bilateral comparison technique. All treated areas received ultraviolet radiation from Westinghouse fluorescent FS-40 bulbs (290-400 nm) in doses calculated to produce a minimal delayed erythema. The topically applied compounds (fluocinonide ointment, 5 (...) % Crude coal tar, white petrolatum) were applied individually or in combination. In nearly all comparisons clearance of psoriatic plaques was obtained after the same number of ultraviolet exposures, although many (8 or 14) of the areas treated with fluocinonide ointment had an accelerated early response. It thus appears that although the use of topical corticosteroids may enhance the early therapeutic response of psoriatic plaques it does not hasten the clearance of these plaques.

1982 The Journal of investigative dermatology

4009. Short-term topical corticosteroid therapy (halcinonide ointment) in the management of atopic dermatitis. (PubMed)

Short-term topical corticosteroid therapy (halcinonide ointment) in the management of atopic dermatitis. The efficacy of short-term treatment of acute exacerbations of atopic dermatitis with a corticosteroid ointment (halcinonide, 0.1 percent) was demonstrated by comparing such a formulation with its ointment base (placebo). A double-blind, paired comparison study was conducted in 214 patients. Within two weeks the therapeutic response was judged excellent in 137 (64 percent) of the patients (...) receiving the corticosteroid treatment. The number of responses judged good to excellent was 182 (85 percent). With the placebo, there was an excellent response in 50 (23 percent) of the patients and the number judged good to excellent was 95 (44 percent). Although these placebo responses attested to the appropriateness of a highly occlusive ointment vehicle in this condition, the corticosteroid containing formulation was superior (p less than 0.001). In only 10 (5 percent) of the patients

1982 Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner

4010. Double-blind placebo-controlled study with topical 2% ketanserin ointment in the treatment of venous ulcers. (PubMed)

Double-blind placebo-controlled study with topical 2% ketanserin ointment in the treatment of venous ulcers. Previous animal and human data have shown that ketanserin, the first specific serotonin2 antagonist, may have beneficial effects on peripheral vascular diseases and on the healing of ulcers. In this double-blind study a 2% ketanserin ointment in a polyethylene glycol base was used to treat 23 patients with venous ulcers (13 ketanserin, 10 placebo). Classical wound care measures were (...) , ketanserin showed a response in 10 out of 11 patients as opposed to 5 out of 10 placebo patients at the end of the study. This first double-blind placebo-controlled study suggests that topically applied ketanserin promotes the healing of venous ulcers.

1989 Dermatologica

4011. Comparison of topical antibiotic ointments, a wound protectant, and antiseptics for the treatment of human blister wounds contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus. (PubMed)

Comparison of topical antibiotic ointments, a wound protectant, and antiseptics for the treatment of human blister wounds contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus. An open, randomized, human-model study was conducted to compare the effects of topical antibiotics, a wound protectant, and antiseptics on the rate of wound healing and bacterial growth using a modification of a method employing ammonium hydroxide-induced intradermal blisters inoculated with Staphylococcus aureus. Each volunteer (...) in the study had six blister wounds (three per forearm) to which a triple antibiotic (neomycin, polymyxin B, bacitracin) ointment or one of four other test agents was applied twice a day. A control wound remained untreated. All wounds were covered with an occlusive dressing after treatment. The time to healing (100 percent epithelialization) was evaluated for each wound. Wounds were cultured for bacterial growth after two treatments. Contaminated blister wounds treated with the triple antibiotic ointment

1987 Journal of Family Practice

4012. A double-blind study of topical massage with Rado-Salil ointment in mechanical low-back pain. (PubMed)

A double-blind study of topical massage with Rado-Salil ointment in mechanical low-back pain. Forty patients with acute mechanical low-back pain were treated in a double-blind manner with either Rado-Salil or placebo for 14 days. Statistically significant improvements in spontaneous pain, muscular contracture and in both the patient's and physician's opinions occurred by day 3. These improvements persisted at day 14 and, in addition, there were statistically significant improvements

1987 The Journal of international medical research

4013. Treatment Of Impetigo With Topical SB-275833 Ointment, 1% Versus Topical Placebo Ointment

Treatment Of Impetigo With Topical SB-275833 Ointment, 1% Versus Topical Placebo Ointment Treatment Of Impetigo With Topical SB-275833 Ointment, 1% Versus Topical Placebo Ointment - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Treatment Of Impetigo With Topical SB-275833 Ointment, 1% Versus Topical Placebo Ointment The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00133848 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : August 24, 2005 Last Update Posted : September 23, 2016 Sponsor: GlaxoSmithKline

2005 Clinical Trials

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