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Tonsillitis

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1. Tonsillotomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis and for hyperplasia of the tonsils

Tonsillotomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis and for hyperplasia of the tonsils Tonsillotomie bei rezidivierender akuter Tonsillitis und bei Hyperplasie der Tonsillen: Abschlussbericht; Auftrag N15-11 [Tonsillotomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis and for hyperplasia of the tonsils] Tonsillotomie bei rezidivierender akuter Tonsillitis und bei Hyperplasie der Tonsillen: Abschlussbericht; Auftrag N15-11 [Tonsillotomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis and for hyperplasia of the tonsils] Institut für (...) Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Tonsillotomie bei rezidivierender akuter Tonsillitis und bei Hyperplasie der Tonsillen: Abschlussbericht; Auftrag N15-11. [Tonsillotomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

2. Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis Tonsillitis - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Tonsillitis Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Can be difficult to distinguish clinically from viral pharyngitis. Most patients do not seek medical help. Most cases resolve spontaneously and do not require antibiotics. Antibiotics are used to treat group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection. There is some evidence (...) that tonsillectomy may be effective in selected children with recurrent severe acute tonsillitis. Definition Acute tonsillitis is an acute infection of the parenchyma of the palatine tonsils. This definition does not include tonsillitis as part of infectious mononucleosis, although tonsillitis may occur in isolation or as part of a generalised pharyngitis. The clinical distinction between tonsillitis and pharyngitis is unclear in the literature, and the condition is often referred to simply as "acute sore throat

2018 BMJ Best Practice

3. Tonsillotomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis and for hyperplasia of the tonsils

Tonsillotomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis and for hyperplasia of the tonsils 1 Translation of Chapters 1 to 6 of the final report Tonsillotomie bei rezidivierender akuter Tonsillitis und bei Hyperplasie der Tonsillen (Version 1.0; Status: 6 January 2017). Please note: This translation is provided as a service by IQWiG to English-language readers. However, solely the German original text is absolutely authoritative and legally binding. Extract Tonsillotomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis (...) and for tonsillar hyperplasia 1 IQWiG-Reports – N15-11 Extract of final report N15-11 Version 1.0 Tonsillotomy 6 January 2017 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) - i - Publishing details Publisher: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care Topic: Tonsillotomy for recurrent acute tonsillitis and for tonsillar hyperplasia Commissioning agency: Federal Joint Committee Commission awarded on: 28 January 2016 Internal Commission No.: N15-11 Address of publisher: Institut für Qualität

2018 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG)

4. Tonsillectomy reduces moderately the frequency of tonsillitis, but it must be evaluated case by case

Tonsillectomy reduces moderately the frequency of tonsillitis, but it must be evaluated case by case Tonsillectomy reduces moderately the frequency of tonsillitis, but it must be evaluated case by case - Evidencias en pediatría Searching, please wait Show menu Library Management You did not add any article to your library yet. | Search Evidence-Based decision making Evidence-Based decision making Show menu Library Management You did not add any article to your library yet. × User Password Log (...) in × Reset password If you need to reset your password please enter your email and click the Send button. You will receive an email to complete the process. Email Send × Library Management × December 2017. Volume 13. Number 4 Tonsillectomy reduces moderately the frequency of tonsillitis, but it must be evaluated case by case Rating: 0 (0 Votes) | Newsletter Free Subscription Regularly recieve most recent articles by e-mail Subscribe × Newsletter subscription: Email Confirm email I accept the journal’s

2018 Evidencias en Pediatría

5. Functional characterization of T-cells from palatine tonsils in patients with chronic tonsillitis. (PubMed)

Functional characterization of T-cells from palatine tonsils in patients with chronic tonsillitis. The palatine tonsils, localized in the oropharynx, are easily accessible secondary lymphoid tissue in humans. Inflammation of the palatine tonsils, local and chronic in case of chronic tonsillitis (CT) or acute in the presence of a peritonsillar abscess (PTA), ranks among the most common diseases in otolaryngology. However, the functionality of tonsillar immune cells, notably T-cells (...) receptor (TCR) stimulation was assessed at the level of proximal signaling, activation marker expression and proliferation. We observed no difference between the percentage of T helper (CD4(+)) cells from tonsil tissue in CT and PTA, but observed a trend towards a higher percentage of T helper cells in the blood of patients with PTA versus CT, probably reflecting an acute, systemic bacterial infection in the former cohort. Tonsils from CT harbored more PD-1(+) CD4(+) T-cells, pointing to T-cell

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2017 PLoS ONE

6. A Taiwanese population-based study on the association between chronic tonsillitis and tonsil cancer (PubMed)

A Taiwanese population-based study on the association between chronic tonsillitis and tonsil cancer Although it is known that inflammatory processes elevate the risk of cancer, to date the association between chronic tonsillitis and tonsil cancer remains unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the association of chronic tonsillitis with tonsil cancer based on a population-based database in Taiwan. We retrieved data for this study from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. This case (...) -control study included 489 patients with tonsil cancer and 2445 matched controls. We used conditional logistic regression analyses to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) for having been previously diagnosed with chronic tonsillitis between patients with tonsil cancer and the controls. We found that of the 2934 sampled patients, 22 (0.75%) had received a diagnosis of chronic tonsillitis. A Chi-squared test further revealed that there was a significant difference

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2018 Oncotarget

7. Correlation between Brodsky Tonsil Scale and Tonsil Volume in Adult Patients (PubMed)

Correlation between Brodsky Tonsil Scale and Tonsil Volume in Adult Patients To evaluate the value of Brodsky tonsil scale in predicting the objective tonsil volume and to identify the potential factors that might interfere with the accuracy of prediction.A total of 87 adult patients who underwent single tonsillectomy or uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) procedure including tonsillectomy in our hospital between Jan 2015 and Dec 2016 were included. The data of Brodsky tonsil scale evaluated (...) preoperatively and objective tonsil volume evaluated postoperatively were collected for analysis.Among the 87 adult patients included, 85 patients underwent bilateral tonsillectomy, while only 2 underwent unilateral procedure. Therefore, a total of 172 tonsils were included. Significant positive correlations were established between Brodsky scale and objective volume for either right (R = 0.647), left (R = 0.664), or overall tonsils (R = 0.654) (all p < 0.001). However, volume overlaps could be found between

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2018 BioMed research international

8. [Tonsil surgery: comparison of intracapsular dissections and extracapsular dissections and dentification of children at risk for hemorrhage]

[Tonsil surgery: comparison of intracapsular dissections and extracapsular dissections and dentification of children at risk for hemorrhage] Les chirurgies des amygdales: comparaison entre les dissections intra-amygdales et les dissections extracapsulaires et repérage des enfants à risque d'hémorragie [Tonsil surgery: comparison of intracapsular dissections and extracapsular dissections and dentification of children at risk for hemorrhage] Les chirurgies des amygdales: comparaison entre les (...) dissections intra-amygdales et les dissections extracapsulaires et repérage des enfants à risque d'hémorragie [Tonsil surgery: comparison of intracapsular dissections and extracapsular dissections and dentification of children at risk for hemorrhage] Martin G Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Martin G. Les chirurgies des amygdales

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

9. Patient reported pain-related outcome measures after tonsil surgery: an analysis of 32,225 children from the National Tonsil Surgery Register in Sweden 2009–2016 (PubMed)

Patient reported pain-related outcome measures after tonsil surgery: an analysis of 32,225 children from the National Tonsil Surgery Register in Sweden 2009–2016 The objective of this study was to describe factors affecting pain after pediatric tonsil surgery, using patient reported pain-related outcome measures (pain-PROMs) from the National Tonsil Surgery Register in Sweden. In total, 32,225 tonsil surgeries on children (1 to <18 years) during 2009-2016 were included; 13,904 tonsillectomies

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2017 European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

10. A child with coated tonsils (PubMed)

A child with coated tonsils 29796214 2018 11 14 1985-207X 13 1 2018 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia Malays Fam Physician A child with coated tonsils. 55-56 Appannan V R VR MBBS, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medical Sciences. Mohamad I I MD, M.Med (ORL-HNS) Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medical Sciences. Ramli R R RR MBBS, M.Med (ORL-HNS) Department (...) of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medical Sciences. Johan K B KB B. Pharm (USM), Department of Pharmacy, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Universiti Sains Malaysia Health Campus, Kota Bharu, Kelantan Malaysia. eng Journal Article 2018 04 30 Malaysia Malays Fam Physician 101466855 1985-2274 Child Diphtheria Prophylaxis Tonsil 2018 5 26 6 0 2018 5 26 6 0 2018 5 26 6 1 epublish 29796214 PMC5962238 J Infect Dis. 2000 Feb;181 Suppl 1:S138-45 10657205 Am J Public Health. 1998 May;88(5):787-91

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2018 Malaysian family physician : the official journal of the Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia

11. Drug-induced sleep endoscopy-directed adenotonsillectomy in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea with small tonsils. (PubMed)

Drug-induced sleep endoscopy-directed adenotonsillectomy in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea with small tonsils. The study aims to examine drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) in the decision-making process of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with small tonsils. This was a retrospective study of children who underwent awake flexible endoscopy, DISE, and adenoidectomy with/without tonsillectomy at the Shanghai Children's Medical Center between 03/2015 and 12/2016. Tonsillectomy (...) was performed for tonsillar obstruction found by DISE. Adenoidectomy was performed for all children. Cardio-pulmonary coupling (CPC) and oximetry were observed before/after surgery. The study included 126 children: 56 (44.4%) with grade 2 tonsils and 70 (55.6%) with grade 1. Mean age was 5.7±3.2 (range, 2.8-10.4) years and mean BMI of 15.7±5.5 kg/m2. Unexpectedly, DISE showed tonsillar obstruction in 57 (45.2%) children, including 44 (78.6%) with grade 2 tonsils and 13 (18.6%) with grade 1. Therefore, DISE

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2019 PLoS ONE

12. Anaerobic Bacteriological Microbiota in Surface and Core of Tonsils in Chronic Tonsillitis (PubMed)

Anaerobic Bacteriological Microbiota in Surface and Core of Tonsils in Chronic Tonsillitis Tonsillar infection may stem from bacteria within tonsillar crypts or parenchyma rather than from those on the surface. Pathogens isolated from surface culture may be colonizing the tonsil, but not essentially infecting it. Anaerobes though not often studied, are known to cause chronic tonsillitis.To study the correlation of anaerobic bacterial isolates in surface and core cultures from recurrently (...) infected and inflamed tonsils.A cross-sectional study was conducted in Charitable Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Belagavi from January 2014 to December 2014 on 100 patients of chronic tonsillitis who underwent tonsillectomy. Swabs were obtained from tonsil surface and core and analysed for anaerobes as per standard protocol. Chi-square test and Fischer-Exact test were used for statistical analysis.Twenty eight out of 63 (44.4%) patients had anaerobic growth on tonsil surface and 30 out of 62

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2016 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

13. The effect of hypertrophied tonsils on the velopharyngeal function in children with normal palate. (PubMed)

The effect of hypertrophied tonsils on the velopharyngeal function in children with normal palate. Tonsillar hypertrophy may affect velopharyngeal closure and speech resonance. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of hypertrophied tonsils on velopharyngeal function in children with normal palate and to measure the effect of tonsillectomy on velopharyngeal closure and speech resonance.Eighty seven children with hypertrophied tonsils and normal palate were subjected to tonsillectomy (...) of nasometric parameters were detected, and the overall postoperative nasalance score was improved for nasal and oral sentences. Also, improvement of velopharyngeal closure was observed postoperatively with accession of palatal mobility and significant increase in coronal closure pattern.hypertrophied tonsils may impair velopharyngeal function in children with normal palate by hindering palatal elevation. Tonsillectomy is a beneficial procedure for such patients as it can improve the velopharyngeal closure

2019 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

14. Providing quality data in health care - almost perfect inter-rater agreement in the Norwegian tonsil surgery register. (PubMed)

Providing quality data in health care - almost perfect inter-rater agreement in the Norwegian tonsil surgery register. The Norwegian Tonsil Surgery Register (NTSR) was launched in January 2017. The purpose of the register is to present data on tonsil surgery to facilitate improvements in patient care. Data used for evaluating the quality of medical care needs to be of high reliability. This study aims to assess the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of the variables reported to the register (...) by medical professionals.The study population consists of the first 137 tonsil surgery patients who were included in the NTSR at St. Olav's University Hospital in Trondheim. An experienced rater completed the register's paper form for all 137 patients based on their electronic medical records, blinded for the data already in the register. To assess the inter-rater reliability between the register and the external rater, we calculated observed agreement, Cohen's kappa and Gwet's AC1 coefficients with 95

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2019 BMC medical research methodology

15. A CARE-compliant article: Lymphangiomatous polyps of the palatine tonsils in a miner: A case report. (PubMed)

A CARE-compliant article: Lymphangiomatous polyps of the palatine tonsils in a miner: A case report. Lymphangiomatous polyps of the palatine tonsils are benign tumors that are rare in both adults and children. Most patients suffering from this disease present with nonspecific symptoms similar to those of chronic tonsillitis.We report a case of a 21-year-old male miner who presented with a chronic history of a foreign body sensation in the oropharynx and an intermittently sore throat.The patient (...) was preoperatively diagnosed with the palatine tonsils neoplasm.The neoplasm with palatine tonsils was completely resected under general anesthesia. The tissue was sent for histological examination, and the diagnosis was lymphangiomatous polyps of the palatine tonsils.The surgical outcome was good, and no surgical site infection was recorded. After 12 months of follow-up, the miner was asymptomatic with no recurrence.Tonsillectomy is a curative method to address lymphangiomatous polyps (LAPs) of the tonsils

2019 Medicine

16. Oral mucosa tissue gene expression profiling before, during, and after radiation therapy for tonsil squamous cell carcinoma. (PubMed)

Oral mucosa tissue gene expression profiling before, during, and after radiation therapy for tonsil squamous cell carcinoma. Radiation-therapy (RT) induces mucositis, a clinically challenging condition with limited prophylactic interventions and no predictive tests. In this pilot study, we applied global gene-expression analysis on serial human oral mucosa tissue and blood cells from patients with tonsil squamous cell cancer (TSCC) to identify genes involved in mucositis pathogenesis.Eight

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2018 PLoS ONE

17. Tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cell-embedded in situ crosslinkable gelatin hydrogel therapy recovers postmenopausal osteoporosis through bone regeneration. (PubMed)

Tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cell-embedded in situ crosslinkable gelatin hydrogel therapy recovers postmenopausal osteoporosis through bone regeneration. We investigated therapeutic potential of human tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (TMSC) subcutaneously delivered to ovariectomized (OVX) mice for developing more safe and effective therapy for osteoporosis. TMSC were isolated from tonsil tissues of children undergoing tonsillectomy, and TMSC-embedded in situ crosslinkable gelatin

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2018 PLoS ONE

18. Association of Long-Term Risk of Respiratory, Allergic, and Infectious Diseases With Removal of Adenoids and Tonsils in Childhood.

Association of Long-Term Risk of Respiratory, Allergic, and Infectious Diseases With Removal of Adenoids and Tonsils in Childhood. Association of Long-Term Risk of Respiratory, Allergic, and Infectious Diseases With Removal of Adenoids and Tonsils in Childhood. – Less Is More Search for: Simpler & Better Medicine Menu / Summary: For children under 10 years of age, surgical removal of the tonsils, adenoids, or both may be associated with an increased long-term risk of respiratory, infectious

2018 Less Is More Blog

19. Tonsil size and outcome of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with tonsillectomy in obstructive sleep apnea. (PubMed)

Tonsil size and outcome of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with tonsillectomy in obstructive sleep apnea. To investigate the relationship of tonsil volume and grade on outcomes of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) with tonsillectomy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).Retrospective cohort analysis.Data of 70 consecutive patients undergoing UPPP with tonsillectomy between 2015 and 2018 were analyzed. Patients with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) <10/hr or concomitant surgery other than nasal (...) surgery were excluded. Tonsil volume was measured intraoperatively. Preoperatively and 3 months after surgery we assessed the AHI using respiratory polygraphy, daytime sleepiness using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and a visual analog scale for the snoring index (SI).Tonsil grade and volume both showed a significant correlation with preoperative AHI. Postoperative AHI was not significantly different between grades and volume. The AHI reduction after surgery increased significantly with larger

2019 Laryngoscope

20. Tropical Travel Trouble 011 Tonsillitis and the Bull

Tropical Travel Trouble 011 Tonsillitis and the Bull Tonsillitis and the Bull • LITFL • Tropical Travel Medicine Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog Search LITFL ... | | | Tonsillitis and the Bull , last update March 1, 2019 aka 011 You are working in far North Queensland and encounter a 20 year old Indigenous man with tonsillitis on your ED short stay ward round. He has been receiving IV penicillin and metronidazole overnight but is deteriorating and now cannot open his (...) mouth beyond 1.5cm, and has a swollen neck (some might say ‘Bull neck’). In addition, he now has “ gurgly ” breathing. He is taken to OT to be intubated by ENT and they report a grade 4 airway with “ large grey tonsils and moist scales ”. Q1. What is your differential? Answer and interpretation Viral pharyngitis EBV Group A Strep Oral Candidiasis Epiglottitis Diphtheria Ludwigs angina Q2. What is the cause of this man’s tonsillitis? Answer and interpretation Diphtheria . The word diphtheria comes

2018 Life in the Fast Lane Blog

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