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Tongue Carcinoma

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1901. Postoperative Airway Obstruction by a Bone Fragment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Postoperative Airway Obstruction by a Bone Fragment Postoperative airway obstructions are potentially life-threatening complications. These obstructions may be classified as functional (sagging tongue, laryngospasm, or bronchospasm), pathoanatomical (airway swelling or hematoma within the airways), or foreign body-related. Various cases of airway obstruction by foreign bodies have previously been reported, for example, by broken teeth or damaged airway instruments. Here we present (...) the exceptional case of a postoperative airway obstruction due to a large fragment of the patient's maxillary bone, left accidentally in situ after transoral surgical tumor resection. Concerning this type of airway obstruction, we discuss possible causes, diagnosis, and treatment options. Although it is an exceptional case after surgery, clinicians should be aware of this potentially life-threatening complication. In summary, this case demonstrates that the differential diagnosis of postoperative airway

2017 Case reports in anesthesiology

1902. Mitigation of Radiation-Induced Epithelial Damage by the TLR5 Agonist Entolimod in a Mouse Model of Fractionated Head and Neck Irradiation Full Text available with Trip Pro

) agonist derived from bacterial flagellin, effectively reduced radiation damage to hematopoietic and gastrointestinal tissues in both total-body and local irradiation scenarios, with no protection of tumors. Here, using a mouse model, we analyzed the efficacy of entolimod administered before or after irradiation in reducing damage to normal tissues. Animals received local fractionated radiation to the head and neck area, thus modeling radiotherapy of head and neck cancer. Tissue damage was evaluated (...) through histomorphological examination of samples collected at different time points up to four weeks, mice were exposed locally to five daily fractions of 5, 6 or 7 Gy. A semiquantitative scoring system was used to assess the severity of observed pathomorphological changes. In this model, radiation damage was most severe in the lips, tongue and skin, moderate in the upper esophagus and minor in salivary glands. The kinetics of injury appearance and recovery of normal morphology varied among tissues

2017 Radiation research

1903. Neurilemmoma of Maxillary Alveolus: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neurilemmoma of Maxillary Alveolus: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature Schwannomas or neurilemmomas are benign, slow growing, usually solitary and encapsulated tumor, originating from Schwann cells of the nerve sheath. Intraoral schwannomas account for 1% of head and neck region and are commonly seen at the base of the tongue. Most of the literature, reports of schwannomas in the tongue region are common. In this article we report a rare occurrence of schwannoma in the maxillary (...) alveolus region and its management. A 45 year old female patient reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery with a complaint of swelling in the left maxillary alveolus in relation to molar teeth that had been present for more than 3 months. Apparently the swelling was small one initially, which gradually increased in size. Such a rare cas e of intraoral schwannoma should be followed up periodically to look for any malignant transformation and recurrences. An important conclusion

2017 Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences

1904. Detection accuracy for epithelial dysplasia using an objective autofluorescence visualization method based on the luminance ratio Full Text available with Trip Pro

possible clinical utility. Seventy-nine tongue specimens clinically suspected to have leukoplakia or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) were analyzed. First, the AVM was subjectively performed using the Visually Enhanced Lesion scope (VELscope), and the iodine-staining method was then performed. After biopsy, the histopathological results and the luminance ratio between the lesion and healthy tissue were compared, and a receiver operating characteristic curve was created. The cutoff value for the objective (...) Detection accuracy for epithelial dysplasia using an objective autofluorescence visualization method based on the luminance ratio The autofluorescence visualization method (AVM) uses blue excitation light to assist in the diagnosis of epithelial dysplasia. It detects epithelial dysplasia as a black area, which is known as fluorescence visualization loss (FVL). In this study, we evaluated the detection accuracy for epithelial dysplasia of the tongue using the objective AVM and assessed its

2017 International journal of oral science

1905. Effect of Transplantation of Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Platelets Rich Plasma on Experimental Model of Radiation Induced Oral Mucosal Injury in Albino Rats Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Transplantation of Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Platelets Rich Plasma on Experimental Model of Radiation Induced Oral Mucosal Injury in Albino Rats Normal tissue damage following radiotherapy is still a major problem in cancer treatment. Therefore, the current work aimed at exploring the possible role of systemically injected bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and/or locally injected platelet rich plasma (PRP) in ameliorating the side effects (...) of ionizing radiation on the rat's tongue. Twelve rats served as control group (N) and 48 rats received a single radiation dose of 13 Gy to the head and neck region; then, they were equally divided into 4 experimental groups: irradiated only (C), irradiated + MSCs (S), irradiated + (PRP) (P), and combined group (PS). Animal scarification occurred in 3 and 7 days after radiation. Then, tongues were dissected and examined histologically and for expression of bcl-2 by RT-PCR. Histological examination

2017 International journal of dentistry

1906. Role of Neck Dissection in Clinical T3N0M0 Lesion of Oral Cavity: Changing Trend Full Text available with Trip Pro

treatment for carcinoma of the oral cavity at our center between 2005 and 2013. Of these, 39 patients were stage T3N0M0 and underwent excision of the primary lesion with neck dissection. The data were collected retrospectively from hospital record library. These patients were evaluated clinically, radiologically and compared with intra operative finding. Addition of radiotherapy was decided on final histopathology.Out of 39 patients, the site of primary tumour in 21 patients was tongue, in 13 patients (...) with positive neck nodes on histopathology, were sent for postoperative radiotherapy. At follow up examination, four patients showed local and distal recurrence and they were managed accordingly. Out of 39 patients, 11 patients of BM, 2 patients of lip, 1 patient of FOM and 6 patients of tongue were disease free in last follow up.Selective neck dissection is an effective therapeutic intervention in patients without clinically involved neck nodes. It can upstage the tumour and additional treatment may

2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

1907. Nicotine suppresses apoptosis by regulating α7nAChR/Prx1 axis in oral precancerous lesions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nicotine suppresses apoptosis by regulating α7nAChR/Prx1 axis in oral precancerous lesions Nicotine, a tumor promoter in tobacco, can increase Peroxiredoxin (Prx1) and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In the present study, we investigate the effects of nicotine in oral precancerous lesions focusing on apoptosis and nAChR/Prx1 signaling. We detected expression of Prx1, α3nAChR, α7nAChR, phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK (...) and Prx1 promoted growth of 4NQO-induced precancerous lesions in mouse tongue. 4NQO plus nicotine suppressed MAPK activation in Prx1 wild-type mice but not in Prx1 knockdown mice. Our data demonstrate that nicotine inhibits cell apoptosis and promotes the growth of oral precancerous lesions via regulating α7nAChR/Prx1 during carcinogenesis of OSCC.

2017 Oncotarget

1908. Kaposi sarcoma, oral malformations, mitral dysplasia, and scoliosis associated with 7q34-q36.3 heterozygous terminal deletion Full Text available with Trip Pro

(growth and intellectual) delay. Novel phenotypic features include endemic Kaposi sarcoma (KS), furrowed tongue, thoracolumbar scoliosis, and mild mitral valve dysplasia. The occurrence of human herpes virus 8-driven KS, in a child otherwise normally resistant to other infectious agents and without any other tumoral lesion, points to a very selective immunodeficiency. While defects in organogenesis have been described with such macrodeletions, this is the first report of immunodeficiency and cancer

2017 American journal of medical genetics. Part A

1909. Dexmedetomidine-treated hyperventilation syndrome triggered by the distress related with a urinary catheter after general anesthesia: a case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

tongue cancer was scheduled to undergo partial glossectomy and neck dissection. Emergence from general anesthesia was prompt. Twenty-two minutes after extubation, the patient complained of unbearable distress caused by the urinary catheter. He began to cry, with an increased respiratory rate of over 40 breaths per minute. Intravenous infusion of flurbiprofen, droperidol, and morphine was not effective. Electrocardiography and laryngofiberscopy indicated the absence of acute coronary syndrome

2017 Ja Clinical Reports

1910. GH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma (acromegaly) associated with progressive dental malocclusion and refractory CPAP treatment Full Text available with Trip Pro

reported difficulty chewing food and perceived voice alteration during his annual periodontal check-up. He also referred stiffness of the tongue, face, and submandibular area. The patient had been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome two years previously, since when he had worn a continuous positive airway pressure device during sleep. Exploration of the occlusion revealed significant changes: an atypical left lateral and anterior open bite with major buccoversion of teeth 33, 34, 35, 36 (...) . Inspection of the soft tissue revealed only macroglossia, although external palpation indicated a subcutaneous stiffness of the submandibular area. General analytical tests, including hormone profiles, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of acromegaly induced by a pituitary adenoma. Intrasellar tumor resection via transsphenoidal approach was performed. After surgery, the patient already noted a marked improvement of all symptoms associated with the acromegaly. Desaturation data also

2017 Head & face medicine

1911. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2*2 knock-in mice show increased reactive oxygen species production in response to cisplatin treatment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2*2 knock-in mice show increased reactive oxygen species production in response to cisplatin treatment The aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) enzyme family metabolizes and detoxifies both exogenous and endogenous aldehydes. Since chemotherapeutic agents, such as cisplatin, generate cytotoxic aldehydes and oxidative stress, and chemoresistant cancer cells express high levels of ALDH enzymes, we hypothesized that different ALDH expression within cells may show different (...) level of ROS compared to wild type mice in tongue, lung, kidney and brain tissues without any treatment. ALDH2*2 mutant mice showed 20% of the ALDH2 activity in the kidney compared to wild type mice. Treatment of ALDH2*2 mutant mice with cisplatin showed increased ROS levels in the mitochondrial fraction of kidney. In the cytosolic fraction, treatment of mutant mice with cisplatin increased ROS levels in lung and brain compared to PBS treated controls. Furthermore, ALDH2*2 mutant mice treated

2017 Journal of biomedical science

1912. Inhibition of the Continuum of Radiation-Induced Normal Tissue Injury by a Redox-Active Mn Porphyrin Full Text available with Trip Pro

. MnBuOE reduced oral mucositis, xerostomia and salivary gland fibrosis after irradiation. Additionally, although we have previously shown that MnBuOE does not interfere with tumor control at high doses when administered with radiation alone, most head and neck cancer patients will be treated with the combinations of radiotherapy and cisplatin. Therefore, we also evaluated whether MnBuOE would protect tumors against radiation and cisplatin using tumor growth delay as an endpoint. Using a range (...) Inhibition of the Continuum of Radiation-Induced Normal Tissue Injury by a Redox-Active Mn Porphyrin Normal tissue damage after head and neck radiotherapy involves a continuum of pathologic events to the mucosa, tongue and salivary glands. We examined the radioprotective effects of MnBuOE, a redox-active manganese porphyrin, at three stages of normal tissue damage: immediate (leukocyte endothelial cell [L/E] interactions), early (mucositis) and late (xerostomia and fibrosis) after treatment

2017 Radiation research

1913. Simulation of facial expressions using person-specific sEMG signals controlling a biomechanical face model Full Text available with Trip Pro

Simulation of facial expressions using person-specific sEMG signals controlling a biomechanical face model Functional inoperability in advanced oral cancer is difficult to assess preoperatively. To assess functions of lips and tongue, biomechanical models are required. Apart from adjusting generic models to individual anatomy, muscle activation patterns (MAPs) driving patient-specific functional movements are necessary to predict remaining functional outcome. We aim to evaluate how volunteer (...) and personalisation techniques for geometry and anatomy become available, this may enable surgeons to test the functional results of wedge excisions for lip cancer in a virtual environment and to weigh surgery versus organ-sparing radiotherapy or photodynamic therapy.

2017 International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery

1914. Brentuximab Vedotin Infusion Reaction Management: A Case Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Brentuximab Vedotin Infusion Reaction Management: A Case Study We report a case of a grade 3 (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE]) infusion reaction to brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris), in a patient with refractory Hodgkin lymphoma, at a large National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center in the Midwest (National Cancer Institute, 2010). Acute infusion reaction management and subsequent premedication strategies are outlined. Ms. R is a 30-year-old woman who presented (...) , and Ms. R's condition improved, with resolution of her symptoms within 30 minutes of the second hydrocortisone dose. The brentuximab vedotin was restarted 30 minutes after symptom resolution at a decreased infusion rate to be administered over 60 minutes. Thirty minutes later, however, Ms. R developed tingling and numbness in her feet and tongue. The brentuximab vedotin infusion was again held, and 100 mg of IV methylprednisolone was administered. Ms. R's symptoms resolved within 40 minutes

2017 Journal of the advanced practitioner in oncology

1915. Functional and quality of life outcomes after partial glossectomy: a multi-institutional longitudinal study of the head and neck research network Full Text available with Trip Pro

] for tongue cancer over the course of the first year post-operation.Patients treated for oral cancer at three institutions (University of Alberta Hospital, Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center, and Turku University Hospital) were administered patient-reported outcomes assessing speech [Speech Handicap Index (SHI)], swallowing [(M.D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI)] and quality of life [European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Head and Neck Module (...) Functional and quality of life outcomes after partial glossectomy: a multi-institutional longitudinal study of the head and neck research network While aggressive treatment for oral cancer may optimize survival, decrements in speech and swallowing function and quality of life often result. This exploratory study investigated how patients recover their communicative function, swallowing ability, and quality of life after primary surgery [with or without adjuvant (chemo)radiation therapy

2017 Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery

1916. Digestive system in psoriasis: an update Full Text available with Trip Pro

Digestive system in psoriasis: an update Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disorder associated and often coexisting with many other immune-related clinical conditions including those affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Data obtained from the reviewed literature suggest an association between psoriasis and pathologies of the oral cavity, both psoriasis-specific lesions, as well as non-specific, such as geographic tongue or fissured tongue. These findings show the importance (...) of thorough examination of oral mucosa in psoriatic patients. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are also linked with psoriasis. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis share a common genetic background, inflammatory pathways and have an evident iatrogenic anti-TNF treatment link, necessitating dermatological or gastroenterological care in patients with IBD or psoriasis, respectively, as well as treatment adjusted to manifestations. The presence of celiac disease-specific antibodies in psoriatic patients

2017 Archives of dermatological research

1917. Management of a Dentigerous Cyst in a Child with Robin Sequence Full Text available with Trip Pro

Management of a Dentigerous Cyst in a Child with Robin Sequence This is a brief clinical report describing an 18-month-old female with Robin sequence found to have an incidental mandibular cystic lesion on a head computed tomography scan in the preoperative workup before performing mandibular distraction. She underwent enucleation of the tumor, which was found to be a dentigerous cyst. One year following cyst enucleation, mandibular distraction was performed in order to alleviate her tongue

2017 Archives of plastic surgery

1918. Mantle cell lymphoma: involvement of nodal and extranodal sites in the head and neck, with multifocal oral lesions Full Text available with Trip Pro

. This study shows the case of an 80-year-old Caucasian male who complained of a 2-month progressive swelling on the right side of his face. The magnetic resonance imaging exam showed multifocal involvement of the head and neck, including oral manifestations, bilateral parotid glands, palate, tongue, and floor of the mouth. An incisional biopsy of the tumor mass was performed. The morphological and immunophenotypic findings were consistent with the diagnosis of MCL. The patient died 4 months later, without (...) Mantle cell lymphoma: involvement of nodal and extranodal sites in the head and neck, with multifocal oral lesions Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a malignant B-cell neoplasm, which comprises monomorphic and small- to medium-sized mantle zone-derived lymphoid cells. It is characterized by chromosomal translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32) and CCND1 truncation, resulting in cell cycle deregulation. It is an aggressive type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with a propensity to present with extranodal involvement

2017 Autopsy & Case Reports

1919. Oral mucosal lesions in teenagers: a cross-sectional study Full Text available with Trip Pro

%), herpes simplex virus (11%), geographic tongue (9.6%), candidiasis (5.5%), and morsicatio buccarum (4.7%). Papilloma virus lesions (1.7%), piercing-related lesions (4%), multiform erythema (0.13%), oral lichen planus (0.13%) and granular cell tumour (0.06%) were also diagnosed.The prevalence of OMLs in adolescents are different from those in children and, in some conditions, it could increase with age. (...)  years) treated at the Dental Clinic of the University of Brescia (Italy) in the period from 2008 to 2014. Cases with OMLs were selected. Data regarding age, gender, type of OML, bad habits, systemic chronic diseases were collected.A total of 6.374 medical records (mean age 15.2 + -1.7 years) were examined. We found 1544 cases (31.7%) of oral mucosal lesions; 36 different types of mucosal alterations were detected and the most frequent were: aphthous ulcers (18%), traumatic ulcerations (14.3

2017 Italian journal of pediatrics

1920. Localization and role of metabotropic glutamate receptors subtype 5 in the gastrointestinal tract Full Text available with Trip Pro

to be a key pharmacological target in conditions affecting the central nervous system (CNS) but its presence outside the CNS underscores its potential role in pathologies affecting peripheral organs such as the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and accessory digestive organs such as the tongue, liver and pancreas. Following identification of mGluR5s in the mouth, various studies have subsequently demonstrated its involvement in mechanical allodynia, inflammation, pain and oral cancer. mGluR5 expression has also

2017 World Journal of Gastroenterology

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