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Toilet Training

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1. Prevalence of bladder bowel dysfunction in toilet-trained children with urinary tract infection and or primary vesicoureteral reflux: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Prevalence of bladder bowel dysfunction in toilet-trained children with urinary tract infection and or primary vesicoureteral reflux: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

2. A pilot investigation of an iOS-based app for toilet training children with autism spectrum disorder. (PubMed)

A pilot investigation of an iOS-based app for toilet training children with autism spectrum disorder. We developed an iOS-based app with a transmitter/disposable sensor and corresponding manualized intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder. The app signaled the onset of urination, time-stamped accidents for analysis, reminded parents to reinforce intervals of continence, provided a visual outlet for parents to communicate reinforcement, and afforded opportunity for timely feedback (...) from clinicians. We compared this intervention with an intervention that uses standard behavioral treatment in a pilot randomized controlled trial of 33 children with autism spectrum disorder aged 3-6 years with urinary incontinence. Parents in both groups received initial training and four booster consultations over 3 months. Results support the feasibility of parent-mediated toilet training studies (e.g., 84% retention rate, 92% fidelity of parent-implemented intervention). Parents used the app

2019 Autism : the international journal of research and practice

3. The role of bladder function in the pathogenesis and treatment of urinary tract infections in toilet-trained children. (PubMed)

The role of bladder function in the pathogenesis and treatment of urinary tract infections in toilet-trained children. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common reason for referral to pediatric specialists and the risk profile of these children is influenced by age, sex, and underlying urinary tract abnormalities. UTIs in toilet-trained children represent a different entity than confirmed, febrile UTIs that occur in infants, impacted by suboptimal bladder habits, bladder dysfunction (...) in older children are afebrile episodes-consisting primarily of LUTS-which may or may not be confirmed with biochemical and/or microbiological evidence. Therefore, when evaluating toilet-trained children with recurrent UTIs, it is paramount to consider dysfunctional elimination as an underlying cause, diagnose, and treat it prior to indicating surgical options, even in the presence of VUR or other anatomical abnormalities. Although the impact of bladder function on the risk of infections is important

2019 Pediatric Nephrology

4. Hand luggage in the train toilet (PubMed)

Hand luggage in the train toilet The train toilet can form a barrier for those wishing to travel by train as it is perceived as being dirty, and therefore its use as being unpleasant. In addition, Dutch train toilet users have the additional issue of storing their hand luggage in the toilet's confined spaceOBJECTIVE:In this article, we examine the issue of Dutch travelers with hand luggage in relation to their use of train toilets. We investigate the type of hand luggage train travelers have (...) with them and lastly, we study what travelers do with their hand luggage when using the toilet.As part of an overarching study, we asked two specific questions on what travelers do with their hand luggage in a train toilet environment, followed by 22 observations from observational research.In the questionnaire, train travelers reported that bringing hand luggage into the train toilet is a problem because of the lack of storage space, and their fear of losing their seat. From the observational research

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2018 Work (Reading, Mass.)

5. Urine Contamination in Non-Toilet-Trained and Uncircumcised Boys. (PubMed)

Urine Contamination in Non-Toilet-Trained and Uncircumcised Boys. To assess any differences between the initial and midstream urine samples from nontoilet-trained, uncircumcised boys. Contamination during urine collection makes the diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTIs) difficult in nontoilet-trained children, especially in uncircumcised boys. Whether the contamination comes mainly from the initial stream or the contact between urine and perineal skin is not known in this population.A (...) prospective diagnostic study between early and midstream urine samples was conducted on asymptomatic patients with no suspicion of UTI. The clean void method was performed in nontoilet-trained boys under general anesthesia. The exclusion criteria were circumcision, older than 3 years of age, recent antibiotics treatment, and recent UTI. Urinalysis and urine culture were performed, allowing a comparison between early and midstream urine samples.Forty-four patients were enrolled in the study, and 31

2016 Urology

6. Brazelton Child-Oriented Toilet Training Method

Brazelton Child-Oriented Toilet Training Method Brazelton Child-Oriented Toilet Training Method Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer (...) Administration 4 Brazelton Child-Oriented Toilet Training Method Brazelton Child-Oriented Toilet Training Method Aka: Brazelton Child-Oriented Toilet Training Method From Related Chapters II. Equipment Potty-Chair Treats as positive reinforcement III. Indications Start after 18 months when child exhibits readiness (see ) IV. Technique Step 1: Introduce potty-chair, make comfortable, and help child associate it with toilet Ask child to sit on the potty-chair when fully clothed Child can sit on potty-chair

2018 FP Notebook

7. Toilet Training

Toilet Training Toilet Training Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Toilet Training Toilet Training Aka: Toilet Training (...) From Related Chapters II. Epidemiology Now: Toilet Training occurs at a later age than in the past Previously training started at age 18 months and now starts at 21-36 months Toilet Training is completed in only half of 36 month olds Prior: Usually occurs by end of third year (mean 2.5 years) Age 24 months: 26% daytime continence Age 30 months: 85% daytime continence Age 36 months: 98% daytime continence Gender impact on timing Girls often toilet train earlier than boys III. Signs: Toilet-Training

2018 FP Notebook

8. Toilet Bowl Tuesday: A craptastic race to the bottom for misleading health news

Toilet Bowl Tuesday: A craptastic race to the bottom for misleading health news Toilet Bowl Tuesday: A craptastic race to the bottom for misleading health news - HealthNewsReview.org Note to our followers: Our nearly 13-year run of daily publication of new content on HealthNewsReview.org came to a close at the end of 2018. Publisher Gary Schwitzer and other contributors may post new articles periodically. But all of the 6,000+ articles we have published contain lessons to help you improve your (...) critical thinking about health care interventions. And those will be still be alive on the site for a couple of years. 6093 Posts Menu February 6, 2018 Toilet Bowl Tuesday: A craptastic race to the bottom for misleading health news Posted By Categories , , Tags , Michael Joyce is a writer-producer with HealthNewsReview.org and tweets as After today he’s advising all his friends to wash down their french fries with about 2.4 to 2.6 drinks and avoid having lively conversations. Sunday’s Super Bowl

2018 HealthNewsReview

9. "A secret club": focus groups about women's toileting behaviors. (PubMed)

"A secret club": focus groups about women's toileting behaviors. Understanding reasons for and impact of women's toileting behaviors on bladder health is important to prevent and manage urinary incontinence (UI) and overactive bladder (OAB).Women, regardless of urinary incontinence (UI) and overactive bladder (OAB) status, were recruited in Pennsylvania and North Carolina. Focus groups were conducted by trained female moderators and sessions were audiotaped. Participants completed an anonymous (...) questionnaire containing validated items to determine the presence of UI and OAB. Audiotapes were transcribed and content was analyzed by two investigators to identify themes.Twenty-four women participated (mean age 68 ± 13.4 years); most had UI (75%) or OAB (87.5%). Many women had difficulty in describing bladder health, and talked about bladder function, diseases or conditions, and control over the bladder. Four themes about toileting emerged: 1) cues/triggers/alerts women used to find and use toilets, 2

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2019 BMC Women's Health

10. Matt Morgan: Buying toilet rolls and writing rotas—is this really the best use of clinicians’ time?

Matt Morgan: Buying toilet rolls and writing rotas—is this really the best use of clinicians’ time? Matt Morgan: Buying toilet rolls and writing rotas—is this really the best use of clinicians' time? - The BMJ ---> Quality improvement schemes have so far been aimed at solving clinical and logistical problems, but have forgotten about the most important asset — staff I’m staring at a screen filled with different coloured boxes, endless numbers and characters fighting for attention. As one number (...) changes, another flashes to life. Although this has similarities to the patient monitors in the intensive care unit where I work, I am actually sitting at my desk. I’m writing yet another rota for twenty people spanning the next six months. Teenagers across the land are not told when ticking “medicine” as a career that an in-depth knowledge of Excel macros is a key requirement for a doctor. Fifteen years of medical training seldom prepares you for the first time you tell a colleague

2018 The BMJ Blog

11. Having a toilet is not enough: the limitations in fulfilling the human rights to water and sanitation in a municipal school in Bahia, Brazil. (PubMed)

Having a toilet is not enough: the limitations in fulfilling the human rights to water and sanitation in a municipal school in Bahia, Brazil. This article addresses the enjoyment of the human rights to water and sanitation (HRTWS), in particular access to toilets, in a public school in Bahia, Brazil.Participant observation of the school's routine, focus groups with students in grades 8 and 9 of primary school (13 to 17 years old) and individual, semi-structured, interviews with members (...) of school staff were applied, exploring access to water and sanitation by adolescent girls and boys.Students and school staff reported that the amount of toilets was insufficient and that their conditions were often inadequate because they were plugged or dirty. The impact on girls is greater as toilets do not offer a clean and healthy environment for menstrual hygiene management. Several elements of the normative content of the HRTWS, especially accessibility, acceptability, quality, safety and dignity

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2019 BMC Public Health

12. Toilet learning: Anticipatory guidance with a child-oriented approach

milestone can be difficult for both the child and parents. To help facilitate the toilet learning process, physicians should inform parents about the ‘child-oriented’ approach before the process starts, and they should be prepared to offer anticipatory guidance to parents as the child learns toileting skills. Timing The age at which parents initiate a child’s toilet learning and the age at which it is considered appropriate for a child to be toilet trained have changed over the years. The relatively (...) between the methods used to toilet train a child . Most children in western countries achieve bladder and bowel control between 24 and 48 months of age - . Girls tend to achieve this control at a slightly younger age than boys - . The average time from the initiation of toilet learning to the attainment of independent toileting varies from three to six months . The attainment of bladder control does not always coincide with the achievement of bowel control, and night time urinary continence may

2012 Canadian Paediatric Society

13. Trends in Toilet Training and Voiding Habits among Children with Down Syndrome. (PubMed)

Trends in Toilet Training and Voiding Habits among Children with Down Syndrome. Children with Down syndrome are at risk for lower urinary tract dysfunction and delayed toilet training. Comparative studies regarding voiding function in the Down syndrome population are lacking. We assessed urinary continence and voiding function in patients with Down syndrome and a control group.A questionnaire designed to assess toilet training, continence status, symptoms of lower urinary tract dysfunction (...) and prior evaluation of urological complaints was sent to parents of 326 children with Down syndrome who had been seen at our institution previously. The same survey was administered to parents of patients without Down syndrome. Data were compiled, and descriptive and comparative statistical analyses were performed.A total of 77 patients comprised the Down syndrome group and 78 patients without Down syndrome comprised the control group. Average age of reported toilet training completion was 5.5 years

2015 Journal of Urology

14. Investigation of Teacher-Mediated Toilet Training Using a Manualized Moisture Alarm Intervention

Investigation of Teacher-Mediated Toilet Training Using a Manualized Moisture Alarm Intervention Investigation of Teacher-Mediated Toilet Training Using a Manualized Moisture Alarm Intervention - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one (...) or more studies before adding more. Investigation of Teacher-Mediated Toilet Training Using a Manualized Moisture Alarm Intervention The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02369445 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : February 24, 2015 Last Update Posted : November 21, 2018 Sponsor

2015 Clinical Trials

15. Elevated postvoid residual urine volume predicting recurrence of urinary tract infections in toilet-trained children. (PubMed)

Elevated postvoid residual urine volume predicting recurrence of urinary tract infections in toilet-trained children. The aim of this study was to examine whether toilet-trained children with a history of febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) and elevated postvoid residual (PVR) urine volume according to a recently published PVR nomogram were at greater risk of UTI recurrence.One month after recovery from febrile UTI, constipation was diagnosed according to the Rome III criteria, and lower

2015 Pediatric Nephrology

16. Toileting behaviour and related health beliefs among Chinese female nurses. (PubMed)

types of toileting behaviours are healthy. Nurses play an important role in patient education and are a major source of health information for society. It is particularly important to look more closely at toileting behaviour among nurses and implement education and training to promote healthy toileting behaviour and, in turn, optimise bladder health.© 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (...) Toileting behaviour and related health beliefs among Chinese female nurses. To investigate the toileting behaviours that female nurses used to empty their bladders, health beliefs related to toileting behaviour and the relationships between the health beliefs and toileting behaviour based on the Health Belief Model.A stratified cluster sampling strategy was used to recruit 636 female nurses from three tertiary hospitals in China. Reliable and valid questionnaires were used to assess female

2016 International journal of clinical practice

17. Systematic review of non-invasive bladder techniques for stimulating urine production in non-toilet trained children where a sample is required for diagnostic purposes

Systematic review of non-invasive bladder techniques for stimulating urine production in non-toilet trained children where a sample is required for diagnostic purposes Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g

2017 PROSPERO

18. Examining the Impact of Interprofessional Training and Patient Engagement on Falls Prevention

Examining the Impact of Interprofessional Training and Patient Engagement on Falls Prevention Rapid Synthesis Examining the Impact of Interprofessional Training and Patient Engagement on Falls Prevention 30 April 2017 McMaster Health Forum 1 Evidence >> Insight >> Action Rapid Synthesis: Examining the Impact of Interprofessional Training and Patient Engagement on Falls Prevention 30 April 2017 Examining the Impact of Interprofessional Training and Patient Engagement on Falls Prevention 2 (...) relevance. Acknowledgments The authors wish to thank Shane Natalwalla for help with data extraction. We would also like to thank Bonny Jung and Maureen Markle-Reid for their insightful comments and suggestions. Citation Waddell K, Wilson MG. Rapid synthesis: Examining the impact of interprofessional training and patient engagement on falls prevention. Hamilton: McMaster Health Forum, 30 April 2017. Product registration numbers ISSN 2292-7999 (online) Examining the Impact of Interprofessional Training

2017 McMaster Health Forum

19. Assistive devices, hip precautions, environmental modifications and training to prevent dislocation and improve function after hip arthroplasty. (PubMed)

Assistive devices, hip precautions, environmental modifications and training to prevent dislocation and improve function after hip arthroplasty. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most common orthopaedic operations performed worldwide. Painful osteoarthritis of the hip is the primary indication for THA. Following THA, people have conventionally been provided with equipment, such as raised toilet seats and chairs, and educated to avoid activities that could cause the hip joint (...) to be in a position of flexion over 90 degrees, or adduction or rotation past the midline. These aspects of occupational therapy have been advocated to reduce the risks of prosthesis dislocation. However, the appropriateness of these recommendations has been questioned.To assess the effects of provision of assistive devices, education on hip precautions, environmental modifications and training in activities of daily living (ADL) and extended ADL (EADL) for people undergoing THA.We searched MEDLINE (1946 to April

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2016 Cochrane

20. Toilet Training Children With Autism and Developmental Delays: An Effective Program for School Settings (PubMed)

Toilet Training Children With Autism and Developmental Delays: An Effective Program for School Settings Current research literature on toilet training for children with autism or developmental delays focuses on smaller case studies, typically with concentrated clinical support. Limited research exists to support an effective school-based program to teach toileting skills implemented by public school staff. We describe an intervention program to toilet train 5 children with autism (...) or developmental delays who demonstrated no prior success in the home or school setting. Intervention focused on (a) removal of diapers during school hours, (b) scheduled time intervals for bathroom visits, (c) a maximum of 3 min sitting on the toilet, (d) reinforcers delivered immediately contingent on urination in the toilet, and (e) gradually increased time intervals between bathroom visits as each participant met mastery during the preceding, shorter time interval. The program was effective across all 5

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2012 Behavior analysis in practice

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