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Tinea Corporis

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141. Majocchi Granuloma (Follow-up)

. 50(6):520-2. . Brod C, Benedix F, Rocken M, Schaller M. Trichophytic Majocchi granuloma mimicking Kaposi sarcoma. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges . 2007 Jul. 5(7):591-3. . Kurian A, Haber RM. Tinea corporis gladiatorum presenting as a majocchi granuloma. ISRN Dermatol . 2011. 2011:767589. . . Patel GA, Schwartz RA. Tinea capitis: still an unsolved problem?. Mycoses . 2009 Dec 11. . Ansar A, Farshchian M, Nazeri H, Ghiasian SA. Clinico-epidemiological and Mycological Aspects of Tinea Incognito in Iran: A 16 (...) , Scheiffarth F. [Multiple subcutaneous Trichophyton rubrum abscesses. Pathomorphosis of a generalized superficial tinea due to impaired immunological resistance]. Hautarzt . 1976 Jul. 27(7):318-27. . Radentz WH, Yanase DJ. Papular lesions in an immunocompromised patient. Trichophyton rubrum granulomas (Majocchi's granuloma). Arch Dermatol . 1993 Sep. 129(9):1189-90, 1192-3. . Majocchi D. Sopra una nuova trichofizia (granuloma tricofitico): Studi clinici e micologici. [A new trichophyton granuloma: Clinical

2014 eMedicine.com

142. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Treatment)

in the stratum corneum. Candidiasis (Image courtesy of Hon Pak, MD) Differential diagnoses The differential diagnoses include psoriasis, reactive arthritis (Reiter syndrome), contact dermatitis, erosive lichen planus, Zoon balanitis, immunobullous disease such as pemphigus, and seborrheic dermatitis. Dermatophytes (tinea) rarely, if ever, affect the glans. In addition to these inflammatory diseases, erythroplasia of Queyrat and squamous cell carcinoma should be considered, especially in lesions unresponsive (...) (see Differential diagnoses) should be considered. Previous Next: Dermatophytosis and Scabies Dermatophytosis Dermatophytes are fungal organisms that colonize and infect the keratinized epidermal layer and establish an associated inflammatory host reaction. When present in the groin or male genital region, it is referred to as tinea cruris or jock itch (see ). Pathophysiology The causative organisms for tinea cruris are present on environmental surfaces such as the floor or in communal showers

2014 eMedicine.com

143. Majocchi Granuloma (Treatment)

. 50(6):520-2. . Brod C, Benedix F, Rocken M, Schaller M. Trichophytic Majocchi granuloma mimicking Kaposi sarcoma. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges . 2007 Jul. 5(7):591-3. . Kurian A, Haber RM. Tinea corporis gladiatorum presenting as a majocchi granuloma. ISRN Dermatol . 2011. 2011:767589. . . Patel GA, Schwartz RA. Tinea capitis: still an unsolved problem?. Mycoses . 2009 Dec 11. . Ansar A, Farshchian M, Nazeri H, Ghiasian SA. Clinico-epidemiological and Mycological Aspects of Tinea Incognito in Iran: A 16 (...) , Scheiffarth F. [Multiple subcutaneous Trichophyton rubrum abscesses. Pathomorphosis of a generalized superficial tinea due to impaired immunological resistance]. Hautarzt . 1976 Jul. 27(7):318-27. . Radentz WH, Yanase DJ. Papular lesions in an immunocompromised patient. Trichophyton rubrum granulomas (Majocchi's granuloma). Arch Dermatol . 1993 Sep. 129(9):1189-90, 1192-3. . Majocchi D. Sopra una nuova trichofizia (granuloma tricofitico): Studi clinici e micologici. [A new trichophyton granuloma: Clinical

2014 eMedicine.com

144. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Diagnosis)

in the stratum corneum. Candidiasis (Image courtesy of Hon Pak, MD) Differential diagnoses The differential diagnoses include psoriasis, reactive arthritis (Reiter syndrome), contact dermatitis, erosive lichen planus, Zoon balanitis, immunobullous disease such as pemphigus, and seborrheic dermatitis. Dermatophytes (tinea) rarely, if ever, affect the glans. In addition to these inflammatory diseases, erythroplasia of Queyrat and squamous cell carcinoma should be considered, especially in lesions unresponsive (...) (see Differential diagnoses) should be considered. Previous Next: Dermatophytosis and Scabies Dermatophytosis Dermatophytes are fungal organisms that colonize and infect the keratinized epidermal layer and establish an associated inflammatory host reaction. When present in the groin or male genital region, it is referred to as tinea cruris or jock itch (see ). Pathophysiology The causative organisms for tinea cruris are present on environmental surfaces such as the floor or in communal showers

2014 eMedicine.com

145. Childhood HIV Disease (Diagnosis)

infection Dermatophytosis: Manifesting as an aggressive tinea capitis, corporis, versicolor, or onychomycosis Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly P carinii ) pneumonia (PCP): Most commonly manifests as cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, and fever Lipodystrophy: Presentations include peripheral lipoatrophy, truncal lipohypertrophy, and combined versions of these presentations; a more severe presentation occurs at puberty Digital clubbing: As a result of chronic lung disease Pitting or nonpitting edema

2014 eMedicine.com

146. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Overview)

infection Dermatophytosis: Manifesting as an aggressive tinea capitis, corporis, versicolor, or onychomycosis Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly P carinii ) pneumonia (PCP): Most commonly manifests as cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, and fever Lipodystrophy: Presentations include peripheral lipoatrophy, truncal lipohypertrophy, and combined versions of these presentations; a more severe presentation occurs at puberty Digital clubbing: As a result of chronic lung disease Pitting or nonpitting edema

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

147. Sarcoidosis (Diagnosis)

Lymphocytoma cutis Necrobiosis lipoidica Plaque psoriasis Syphilis Tinea corporis B-cell lymphoma, foreign body reaction (including hypersensitivity granulomatous reaction to tattoo pigment), and lichen planopilaris should also be considered in the differential diagnosis. Silica granulomas are often associated with sarcoidosis, and patients on targeted immunotherapy for melanoma may develop sarcoidal granulomas. [ , , , ] Previous Next: Kveim-Siltzbach Test and Tuberculin Skin Test Kveim-Siltzbach test

2014 eMedicine.com

148. Majocchi Granuloma (Diagnosis)

. . Cho HR, Lee MH, Haw CR. Majocchi's granuloma of the scrotum. Mycoses . 2007 Nov. 50(6):520-2. . Brod C, Benedix F, Rocken M, Schaller M. Trichophytic Majocchi granuloma mimicking Kaposi sarcoma. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges . 2007 Jul. 5(7):591-3. . Kurian A, Haber RM. Tinea corporis gladiatorum presenting as a majocchi granuloma. ISRN Dermatol . 2011. 2011:767589. . . Patel GA, Schwartz RA. Tinea capitis: still an unsolved problem?. Mycoses . 2009 Dec 11. . Ansar A, Farshchian M, Nazeri H, Ghiasian SA (...) commonly occurs as a result of the use of potent topical steroids on unsuspected tinea. Majocchi granuloma is also known as granuloma trichophyticum. Many species of dermatophytes can cause Majocchi granuloma. Today, Majocchi granuloma is usually due to T rubrum [ , ] ; however, Trichophyton violaceum was the most common organism identified historically. Other causes of Majocchi granuloma include Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Epidermophyton floccosum. In 1883, Professor Domenico Majocchi (1849-1929

2014 eMedicine.com

149. Paraneoplastic Diseases (Diagnosis)

. The histopathologic findings are similar to those of ichthyosis vulgaris (ie, hyperkeratosis and a sparse or absent granular cell layer), but they differ from those of ichthyosis in that hyperpigmentation is present in the basal cell layer. The differential diagnosis includes tinea corporis, tinea versicolor, autosomal dominant ichthyosis vulgaris, and parapsoriasis. Pityriasis rotunda is usually differentiated from other conditions based on characteristic biopsy findings and by examining potassium hydroxide wet

2014 eMedicine.com

150. Pityriasis Alba (Diagnosis)

: Will be positive if the patient has tinea versicolor (also called pityriasis versicolor), tinea faciei, or tinea corporis Skin biopsy: Not usually necessary or particularly helpful in establishing a diagnosis of pityriasis alba but may be indicated if a diagnosis of mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma) is a significant possibility [ ] See for more detail. Management Pityriasis alba resolves spontaneously; treatment consists primarily of good general skin care and education of a young patient’s parents

2014 eMedicine.com

151. Pityriasis (Diagnosis)

eruption with a duration of 6-8 weeks. It evolves rapidly, usually beginning with patch that heralds the eruption, the so-called “herald patch” (see the image below). It may sometimes occur in atypical variants or may mimic other skin disorders, such as tinea corporis and secondary . [ , , ] Guidelines for diagnosing syphilis (and distinguishing the roseola from pityriasis rosea) have been established. [ ] As a rule, pityriasis rosea requires only symptomatic treatment. Herald patch. Image courtesy

2014 eMedicine.com

152. Pityriasis Rotunda (Diagnosis)

. 135(3):491-2. . Gupta S. Pityriasis rotunda mimicking tinea cruris/corporis and erythrasma in an Indian patient. J Dermatol . 2001 Jan. 28(1):50-3. . Sarkany I, Hare PJ. Pityriasis rotunda (pityriasis circinata). Br J Dermatol . 1964 May. 76:223-8. . el-Hefnawi H, Rasheed A. Pityriasis rotunda. "Pseudo-ichtyose acquise en taches circulaires": report and study of first case in UAR. Arch Dermatol . 1966 Jan. 93(1):84-6. . Hasson I, Shah P. Pityriasis rotunda. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol . 2003

2014 eMedicine.com

153. Pityriasis Rosea (Diagnosis)

, papulosquamous eruption with a duration of 6-8 weeks. It evolves rapidly, usually beginning with patch that heralds the eruption, the so-called “herald patch” (see the image below). It may sometimes occur in atypical variants or may mimic other skin disorders, such as tinea corporis and secondary . [ , , ] Guidelines for diagnosing syphilis (and distinguishing the roseola from pityriasis rosea) have been established. [ ] As a rule, pityriasis rosea requires only symptomatic treatment. Herald patch. Image

2014 eMedicine.com

154. Anakinra for Inflammatory Pustular Skin Diseases

, tinea corporis, neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis or eosinophilic pustular folliculitis (Ofuji syndrome). 2.8 Known diagnosis of DIRA. 2.9 History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to anakinra or other agents used in study. Known hypersensitivity to CHO-cell derived biologics or any components of anakinra. 2.10 Treatment with a live virus vaccine during the 3 months prior to baseline visit. No live vaccines will be allowed throughout the course (...) to the patient to enter the study. 2.7 Other defined dermatologic conditions which may include pustules as part of the clinical presentation, but which clinically and/or histologically do not resemble pustular psoriasis. Examples include, but are not limited to acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP, a drug-induced pustular dermatosis typically caused by beta-lactam antibiotics, tetracyclines, oral antifungals and other drugs), bacterial or fungal folliculitis, cutaneous candidiasis, tinea pedis

2013 Clinical Trials

155. A Molecular Epidemiological Survey of Clinically Important Dermatophytes in Iran Based on Specific RFLP Profiles of Beta-tubulin Gene Full Text available with Trip Pro

patients in Tehran, Isfahan, Mazandaran and Guilan provinces. The isolates were identified using macro/micro-morphological criteria and electrophoretic patterns of PCR amplicons of BT2after digestion with each of the restriction enzymes FatI, HpyCH4V, MwoI and Alw21I.Among the patients, 59.2% were male and 40.8% female. The most prevalent clinical form was tinea pedis (42.4%), followed by tinea cruris (24.2%), tinea unguium (12.3%), tinea corporis (10.8%), tinea faciei (4%), tinea manuum (3.14%), tinea (...) capitis (3%) and tinea barbae (0.16%), respectively. Trichophyton interdigitale ranked the first, followed by T. rubrum, Epidermophyton floccosum, Microsporum canis, T. tonsurans, T. erinacei and T. violaceum (each 0.49%) and the less frequent species were T. schoenleinii, M. gypseum and T.anamorph of Arthroderma benhamiae (each 0.16%). A case of scalp infection by E. floccosum was an exceptional event in the study. No case of T. verrucosum was found.Trichophyton species and E. floccosum are yet

2013 Iranian journal of public health

156. Dermatophytosis diagnosed at the Evandro Chagas Institute, Pará, Brazil Full Text available with Trip Pro

/20). Dermatophytosis was more frequent in women (58%; 38/66). Fifty-two percent (21/38) of the cases were children with an average age of 8 years. The most frequent clinical presentation was Tinea corporis (55%, 36/66). For the cases in which the dermatophyte agent was not isolated, we discuss the factors that may be interfering with isolation. Tinea corporis occurred more frequently observed when T. mentagrophytes and T. rubrum were the major etiologic agents.

2013 Brazilian Journal of Microbiology

157. The Efficacy and Safety of Topical Papaya (Carica Papaya) Leaf Extract 1% Ointment Versus Mupirocin 2% Ointment in the Treatment of Limited Impetigo: a Randomized, Double-blind, Controlled Clinical Trial

, Salmah I. Wound healing activity of Carica papaya L. aqueous leaf extracts in rats. International Journal of Molecular Medicine and Advance Sciences 2005;1(4):398-401. Buensalido JS, Dimagiba TE. The efficacy and safety of 1.5% carica papaya latex cream compared to 2% ketoconazole cream and vehicle in the treatment of tinea corporis: A randomized, double blind, controlled trial. J Phil Dermatol Soc 2011 May;20(1):15-20. Canoy-Valencia H, King-Joanino SVB. An in vitro study of the therapeutic effects

2013 Clinical Trials

158. Study Comparing AM001 Cream to Vehicle in the Treatment of Plaque Psoriasis

. Subjects who have a current diagnosis of guttate, pustular, inverse, exfoliative, or erythrodermic psoriasis. Subjects who have a history of psoriasis unresponsive to topical treatments. Subjects who have a history of a disorder that may interfere with the evaluation of plaque psoriasis (e.g., atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, tinea corporis, cutaneous lymphoma, etc.). Presence of pigmentation, extensive scarring, or pigmented lesions in the treatment areas, which could interfere with the rating

2013 Clinical Trials

159. A Comparison of DFD01 Spray Versus Vehicle Spray in Subjects With Moderate Psoriasis

the face, scalp, groin, axillae and other intertriginous areas. Subjects must have an IGA grade of 3 (moderate) at the Baseline Visit Exclusion Criteria: Current diagnosis of unstable forms of psoriasis including guttate, erythrodermic, exfoliative or pustular psoriasis Other inflammatory skin disease that may confound the evaluation of the plaque psoriasis (e.g., atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, tinea corporis). Presence of pigmentation, extensive scarring, or pigmented lesions or sunburn which

2013 Clinical Trials

160. A Comparison of DFD01 Spray Versus Comp01 Lotion, Vehicle Spray and Vehicle Lotion in Subjects With Moderate Psoriasis

. Subjects with psoriasis involving 10 to 20% BSA, not including the face, scalp, groin, axillae and other intertriginous areas. Subjects must have an IGA grade of 3 (moderate) at the Baseline Visit Exclusion Criteria: Current diagnosis of unstable forms of psoriasis including guttate, erythrodermic, exfoliative or pustular psoriasis. Other inflammatory skin disease that may confound the evaluation of the plaque psoriasis (e.g., atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, tinea corporis). Presence

2013 Clinical Trials

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