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248 results for

Tinea Corporis

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121. Sarcoidosis (Treatment)

Lymphocytoma cutis Necrobiosis lipoidica Plaque psoriasis Syphilis Tinea corporis B-cell lymphoma, foreign body reaction (including hypersensitivity granulomatous reaction to tattoo pigment), and lichen planopilaris should also be considered in the differential diagnosis. Silica granulomas are often associated with sarcoidosis, and patients on targeted immunotherapy for melanoma may develop sarcoidal granulomas. [ , , , ] Previous Next: Kveim-Siltzbach Test and Tuberculin Skin Test Kveim-Siltzbach test

2014 eMedicine.com

122. Pityriasis Alba (Treatment)

: Will be positive if the patient has tinea versicolor (also called pityriasis versicolor), tinea faciei, or tinea corporis Skin biopsy: Not usually necessary or particularly helpful in establishing a diagnosis of pityriasis alba but may be indicated if a diagnosis of mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma) is a significant possibility [ ] See for more detail. Management Pityriasis alba resolves spontaneously; treatment consists primarily of good general skin care and education of a young patient’s parents

2014 eMedicine.com

123. Pityriasis Rotunda (Treatment)

: A Case Report of Familial Disease in an American-Born Black Patient. Case Rep Dermatol . 2016 Jan-Apr. 8 (1):71-4. . Aste N, Pau M, Aste N, Biggio P. Pityriasis rotunda: a survey of 42 cases observed in Sardinia, Italy. Dermatology . 1997. 194(1):32-5. . Gibbs S. Pityriasis rotunda in Tanzania. Br J Dermatol . 1996 Sep. 135(3):491-2. . Gupta S. Pityriasis rotunda mimicking tinea cruris/corporis and erythrasma in an Indian patient. J Dermatol . 2001 Jan. 28(1):50-3. . Sarkany I, Hare PJ. Pityriasis

2014 eMedicine.com

124. Paraneoplastic Diseases (Overview)

. The histopathologic findings are similar to those of ichthyosis vulgaris (ie, hyperkeratosis and a sparse or absent granular cell layer), but they differ from those of ichthyosis in that hyperpigmentation is present in the basal cell layer. The differential diagnosis includes tinea corporis, tinea versicolor, autosomal dominant ichthyosis vulgaris, and parapsoriasis. Pityriasis rotunda is usually differentiated from other conditions based on characteristic biopsy findings and by examining potassium hydroxide wet

2014 eMedicine.com

125. Childhood HIV Disease (Overview)

infection Dermatophytosis: Manifesting as an aggressive tinea capitis, corporis, versicolor, or onychomycosis Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly P carinii ) pneumonia (PCP): Most commonly manifests as cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, and fever Lipodystrophy: Presentations include peripheral lipoatrophy, truncal lipohypertrophy, and combined versions of these presentations; a more severe presentation occurs at puberty Digital clubbing: As a result of chronic lung disease Pitting or nonpitting edema

2014 eMedicine.com

126. Majocchi Granuloma (Overview)

. . Cho HR, Lee MH, Haw CR. Majocchi's granuloma of the scrotum. Mycoses . 2007 Nov. 50(6):520-2. . Brod C, Benedix F, Rocken M, Schaller M. Trichophytic Majocchi granuloma mimicking Kaposi sarcoma. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges . 2007 Jul. 5(7):591-3. . Kurian A, Haber RM. Tinea corporis gladiatorum presenting as a majocchi granuloma. ISRN Dermatol . 2011. 2011:767589. . . Patel GA, Schwartz RA. Tinea capitis: still an unsolved problem?. Mycoses . 2009 Dec 11. . Ansar A, Farshchian M, Nazeri H, Ghiasian SA (...) occurs as a result of the use of potent topical steroids on unsuspected tinea. Majocchi granuloma is also known as granuloma trichophyticum. Many species of dermatophytes can cause Majocchi granuloma. Today, Majocchi granuloma is usually due to T rubrum [ , ] ; however, Trichophyton violaceum was the most common organism identified historically. Other causes of Majocchi granuloma include Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Epidermophyton floccosum. In 1883, Professor Domenico Majocchi (1849-1929) first

2014 eMedicine.com

127. Pityriasis Rosea (Overview)

, papulosquamous eruption with a duration of 6-8 weeks. It evolves rapidly, usually beginning with patch that heralds the eruption, the so-called “herald patch” (see the image below). It may sometimes occur in atypical variants or may mimic other skin disorders, such as tinea corporis and secondary . [ , , ] Guidelines for diagnosing syphilis (and distinguishing the roseola from pityriasis rosea) have been established. [ ] As a rule, pityriasis rosea requires only symptomatic treatment. Herald patch. Image

2014 eMedicine.com

128. Pityriasis Rotunda (Overview)

. 135(3):491-2. . Gupta S. Pityriasis rotunda mimicking tinea cruris/corporis and erythrasma in an Indian patient. J Dermatol . 2001 Jan. 28(1):50-3. . Sarkany I, Hare PJ. Pityriasis rotunda (pityriasis circinata). Br J Dermatol . 1964 May. 76:223-8. . el-Hefnawi H, Rasheed A. Pityriasis rotunda. "Pseudo-ichtyose acquise en taches circulaires": report and study of first case in UAR. Arch Dermatol . 1966 Jan. 93(1):84-6. . Hasson I, Shah P. Pityriasis rotunda. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol . 2003

2014 eMedicine.com

129. Pityriasis (Overview)

eruption with a duration of 6-8 weeks. It evolves rapidly, usually beginning with patch that heralds the eruption, the so-called “herald patch” (see the image below). It may sometimes occur in atypical variants or may mimic other skin disorders, such as tinea corporis and secondary . [ , , ] Guidelines for diagnosing syphilis (and distinguishing the roseola from pityriasis rosea) have been established. [ ] As a rule, pityriasis rosea requires only symptomatic treatment. Herald patch. Image courtesy

2014 eMedicine.com

130. Pityriasis Alba (Overview)

: Will be positive if the patient has tinea versicolor (also called pityriasis versicolor), tinea faciei, or tinea corporis Skin biopsy: Not usually necessary or particularly helpful in establishing a diagnosis of pityriasis alba but may be indicated if a diagnosis of mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma) is a significant possibility [ ] See for more detail. Management Pityriasis alba resolves spontaneously; treatment consists primarily of good general skin care and education of a young patient’s parents

2014 eMedicine.com

131. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Overview)

. Candidiasis (Image courtesy of Hon Pak, MD) Differential diagnoses The differential diagnoses include psoriasis, reactive arthritis (Reiter syndrome), contact dermatitis, erosive lichen planus, Zoon balanitis, immunobullous disease such as pemphigus, and seborrheic dermatitis. Dermatophytes (tinea) rarely, if ever, affect the glans. In addition to these inflammatory diseases, erythroplasia of Queyrat and squamous cell carcinoma should be considered, especially in lesions unresponsive to therapy. Treatment (...) diagnoses) should be considered. Previous Next: Dermatophytosis and Scabies Dermatophytosis Dermatophytes are fungal organisms that colonize and infect the keratinized epidermal layer and establish an associated inflammatory host reaction. When present in the groin or male genital region, it is referred to as tinea cruris or jock itch (see ). Pathophysiology The causative organisms for tinea cruris are present on environmental surfaces such as the floor or in communal showers. The fungi colonize

2014 eMedicine.com

132. Majocchi Granuloma (Treatment)

. 50(6):520-2. . Brod C, Benedix F, Rocken M, Schaller M. Trichophytic Majocchi granuloma mimicking Kaposi sarcoma. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges . 2007 Jul. 5(7):591-3. . Kurian A, Haber RM. Tinea corporis gladiatorum presenting as a majocchi granuloma. ISRN Dermatol . 2011. 2011:767589. . . Patel GA, Schwartz RA. Tinea capitis: still an unsolved problem?. Mycoses . 2009 Dec 11. . Ansar A, Farshchian M, Nazeri H, Ghiasian SA. Clinico-epidemiological and Mycological Aspects of Tinea Incognito in Iran: A 16 (...) , Scheiffarth F. [Multiple subcutaneous Trichophyton rubrum abscesses. Pathomorphosis of a generalized superficial tinea due to impaired immunological resistance]. Hautarzt . 1976 Jul. 27(7):318-27. . Radentz WH, Yanase DJ. Papular lesions in an immunocompromised patient. Trichophyton rubrum granulomas (Majocchi's granuloma). Arch Dermatol . 1993 Sep. 129(9):1189-90, 1192-3. . Majocchi D. Sopra una nuova trichofizia (granuloma tricofitico): Studi clinici e micologici. [A new trichophyton granuloma: Clinical

2014 eMedicine.com

133. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Treatment)

in the stratum corneum. Candidiasis (Image courtesy of Hon Pak, MD) Differential diagnoses The differential diagnoses include psoriasis, reactive arthritis (Reiter syndrome), contact dermatitis, erosive lichen planus, Zoon balanitis, immunobullous disease such as pemphigus, and seborrheic dermatitis. Dermatophytes (tinea) rarely, if ever, affect the glans. In addition to these inflammatory diseases, erythroplasia of Queyrat and squamous cell carcinoma should be considered, especially in lesions unresponsive (...) (see Differential diagnoses) should be considered. Previous Next: Dermatophytosis and Scabies Dermatophytosis Dermatophytes are fungal organisms that colonize and infect the keratinized epidermal layer and establish an associated inflammatory host reaction. When present in the groin or male genital region, it is referred to as tinea cruris or jock itch (see ). Pathophysiology The causative organisms for tinea cruris are present on environmental surfaces such as the floor or in communal showers

2014 eMedicine.com

134. Pityriasis Rotunda (Follow-up)

: A Case Report of Familial Disease in an American-Born Black Patient. Case Rep Dermatol . 2016 Jan-Apr. 8 (1):71-4. . Aste N, Pau M, Aste N, Biggio P. Pityriasis rotunda: a survey of 42 cases observed in Sardinia, Italy. Dermatology . 1997. 194(1):32-5. . Gibbs S. Pityriasis rotunda in Tanzania. Br J Dermatol . 1996 Sep. 135(3):491-2. . Gupta S. Pityriasis rotunda mimicking tinea cruris/corporis and erythrasma in an Indian patient. J Dermatol . 2001 Jan. 28(1):50-3. . Sarkany I, Hare PJ. Pityriasis

2014 eMedicine.com

135. Pityriasis Alba (Follow-up)

: Will be positive if the patient has tinea versicolor (also called pityriasis versicolor), tinea faciei, or tinea corporis Skin biopsy: Not usually necessary or particularly helpful in establishing a diagnosis of pityriasis alba but may be indicated if a diagnosis of mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma) is a significant possibility [ ] See for more detail. Management Pityriasis alba resolves spontaneously; treatment consists primarily of good general skin care and education of a young patient’s parents

2014 eMedicine.com

136. Majocchi Granuloma (Follow-up)

. 50(6):520-2. . Brod C, Benedix F, Rocken M, Schaller M. Trichophytic Majocchi granuloma mimicking Kaposi sarcoma. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges . 2007 Jul. 5(7):591-3. . Kurian A, Haber RM. Tinea corporis gladiatorum presenting as a majocchi granuloma. ISRN Dermatol . 2011. 2011:767589. . . Patel GA, Schwartz RA. Tinea capitis: still an unsolved problem?. Mycoses . 2009 Dec 11. . Ansar A, Farshchian M, Nazeri H, Ghiasian SA. Clinico-epidemiological and Mycological Aspects of Tinea Incognito in Iran: A 16 (...) , Scheiffarth F. [Multiple subcutaneous Trichophyton rubrum abscesses. Pathomorphosis of a generalized superficial tinea due to impaired immunological resistance]. Hautarzt . 1976 Jul. 27(7):318-27. . Radentz WH, Yanase DJ. Papular lesions in an immunocompromised patient. Trichophyton rubrum granulomas (Majocchi's granuloma). Arch Dermatol . 1993 Sep. 129(9):1189-90, 1192-3. . Majocchi D. Sopra una nuova trichofizia (granuloma tricofitico): Studi clinici e micologici. [A new trichophyton granuloma: Clinical

2014 eMedicine.com

137. Sarcoidosis (Follow-up)

Lymphocytoma cutis Necrobiosis lipoidica Plaque psoriasis Syphilis Tinea corporis B-cell lymphoma, foreign body reaction (including hypersensitivity granulomatous reaction to tattoo pigment), and lichen planopilaris should also be considered in the differential diagnosis. Silica granulomas are often associated with sarcoidosis, and patients on targeted immunotherapy for melanoma may develop sarcoidal granulomas. [ , , , ] Previous Next: Kveim-Siltzbach Test and Tuberculin Skin Test Kveim-Siltzbach test

2014 eMedicine.com

138. Paraneoplastic Diseases (Follow-up)

. The histopathologic findings are similar to those of ichthyosis vulgaris (ie, hyperkeratosis and a sparse or absent granular cell layer), but they differ from those of ichthyosis in that hyperpigmentation is present in the basal cell layer. The differential diagnosis includes tinea corporis, tinea versicolor, autosomal dominant ichthyosis vulgaris, and parapsoriasis. Pityriasis rotunda is usually differentiated from other conditions based on characteristic biopsy findings and by examining potassium hydroxide wet

2014 eMedicine.com

139. Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia: Nonmalignant (Follow-up)

in the stratum corneum. Candidiasis (Image courtesy of Hon Pak, MD) Differential diagnoses The differential diagnoses include psoriasis, reactive arthritis (Reiter syndrome), contact dermatitis, erosive lichen planus, Zoon balanitis, immunobullous disease such as pemphigus, and seborrheic dermatitis. Dermatophytes (tinea) rarely, if ever, affect the glans. In addition to these inflammatory diseases, erythroplasia of Queyrat and squamous cell carcinoma should be considered, especially in lesions unresponsive (...) (see Differential diagnoses) should be considered. Previous Next: Dermatophytosis and Scabies Dermatophytosis Dermatophytes are fungal organisms that colonize and infect the keratinized epidermal layer and establish an associated inflammatory host reaction. When present in the groin or male genital region, it is referred to as tinea cruris or jock itch (see ). Pathophysiology The causative organisms for tinea cruris are present on environmental surfaces such as the floor or in communal showers

2014 eMedicine.com

140. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Diagnosis)

infection Dermatophytosis: Manifesting as an aggressive tinea capitis, corporis, versicolor, or onychomycosis Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly P carinii ) pneumonia (PCP): Most commonly manifests as cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, and fever Lipodystrophy: Presentations include peripheral lipoatrophy, truncal lipohypertrophy, and combined versions of these presentations; a more severe presentation occurs at puberty Digital clubbing: As a result of chronic lung disease Pitting or nonpitting edema

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

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