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Thyroid Anatomy

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101. Uterine Anatomy

Uterine Anatomy Uterine Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Uterine Anatomy Uterine Anatomy Aka: Uterine Anatomy (...) , Uterus Anatomy , Uterus II. Anatomy Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Uterine Anatomy." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Uterine Diseases (C0042131) Definition (MEDLINEPLUS) The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The first sign

2015 FP Notebook

102. Head and Neck Anatomy

Head and Neck Anatomy Head and Neck Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Head and Neck Anatomy Head and Neck (...) Anatomy Aka: Head and Neck Anatomy , Head Anatomy II. Components Head Sensory Nose and Pharynx Related Anatomy III. Anatomy Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Head and Neck Anatomy." Click on the image (or right click) to open

2015 FP Notebook

103. The biological effects of anti-thyroid antibodies: Thyroid eosinophilia following passive transfer of anti-thyroglobulin antibody (PubMed)

Cellulose 9010-34-8 Thyroglobulin IM Animals Antibodies Cellulose Chromatography, Ion Exchange Eosinophilia chemically induced immunology Fluorescent Antibody Technique Guinea Pigs Immune Sera analysis Immunoelectrophoresis Male Microscopy, Fluorescence Rabbits Thyroglobulin Thyroid Diseases chemically induced immunology Thyroid Gland anatomy & histology Thyroiditis pathology gamma-Globulins 1967 7 1 1967 7 1 0 1 1967 7 1 0 0 ppublish 4165632 PMC1409145 Am J Pathol. 1960 Feb;36:213-39 13837481 Lancet (...) The biological effects of anti-thyroid antibodies: Thyroid eosinophilia following passive transfer of anti-thyroglobulin antibody 4165632 1967 09 02 2018 11 13 0019-2805 13 1 1967 Jul Immunology Immunology The biological effects of anti-thyroid antibodies. Thyroid eosinophilia following passive transfer of anti-thyroglobulin antibody. 39-48 Sharp G C GC Wortis H H HH Dunmore B B eng Journal Article England Immunology 0374672 0019-2805 0 Antibodies 0 Immune Sera 0 gamma-Globulins 9004-34-6

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1967 Immunology

104. Clinically Relevant Anatomy of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve. (PubMed)

Clinically Relevant Anatomy of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve. An anatomic study of anterior cervical dissection of 11 embalmed cadavers.To determine the anatomic relationship of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) to the cervical spine and demonstrate vulnerability of the nerve during anterior surgical approach.The most common complications of anterior neck surgery are dysphagia and RLN palsy. The morbidity of these complications has led to the investigation of the impact of sidedness in anterior (...) the trachea and the thyroid. In 82% (9 of 11) of right-sided dissections, the RLN entered the larynx at or inferior to C6-C7. After looping around the aortic arch, the left RLN was invested in the tracheoesophageal fascia inferior to the T2 level in 100% (10 of 10) of cadavers. The nerve traveled slightly anterior to the tracheoesophageal groove and within the tracheoesophageal fascia before coursing between the trachea and thyroid. In all the left-sided dissections, the RLN entered the larynx

2011 Spine

105. Clinically Relevant Anatomy of High Anterior Cervical Approach. (PubMed)

Clinically Relevant Anatomy of High Anterior Cervical Approach. An anatomic study of anterior cervical dissection of 11 embalmed cadavers and measurement of structures relative to cervical spine.To determine the anatomic relationship of the hypoglossal nerve (HN), internal and external superior laryngeal nerves (ESLNs), superior thyroid artery (STA), and superior laryngeal artery (SLA) to cervical spine and demonstrate any vulnerability.The anterior approach is a common approach to the cervical (...) . The path of the ESLN was variable, but it was safe above C3-4 and below C6-7. The ESLN was deep to the STA, and it was less bulky and tauter than the ISLN in all dissections. The origin of the STA was quite variable along the carotid artery, but it was most commonly located at C4. Two anatomic variants of the SLA were observed. In 15 dissections, the SLA branched off the superior thyroid. In six dissections, the SLA branched directly from external carotid artery. There was no appreciable side-to-side

2011 Spine

106. A STUDY OF THE PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY OF THE PANCREAS IN NINETY CASES OF DIABETES MELLITUS (PubMed)

A STUDY OF THE PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY OF THE PANCREAS IN NINETY CASES OF DIABETES MELLITUS 1. Anatomical lesions of the pancreas occur in more than seven-eighths of all cases of diabetes mellitus. 2. In diabetes associated with lesions of the pancreas, the islands of Langerhans constantly show pathological changes (sclerosis, hyaline degeneration, infiltration with leucocytes and hypertrophy). 3. In some cases of pancreatic diabetes (twelve of ninety cases) the lesion of the pancreas is limited (...) with compensatory hypertrophy of other interacinar islands. 6. Peculiar adenoma-like hypertrophy of the islands of Langerhans occurs in a small proportion of cases (seven of ninety) and may be associated with adenomata of the thyroid gland (two cases) and of the pituitary body (one case). 7. Diabetes mellitus occurring in association with haemochromatosis (bronzed diabetes) is referable to pigmentation and destruction of the islands of Langerhans. 8. The pancreas is found to exhibit no pathological changes

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1909 The Journal of experimental medicine

107. The Contributions of Gamma Probe to Lesion Detectability and Surgical Safety in Recurrent Thyroid Cancer at Risk (PubMed)

The Contributions of Gamma Probe to Lesion Detectability and Surgical Safety in Recurrent Thyroid Cancer at Risk In patients, who underwent thyroid surgery or treated with I-131 radioiodine previously for differentiated thyroid cancer, a second surgical intervention carries higher risks due to distortion of the natural anatomy and development of fibrotic/cicatricial tissue. In addition, accurate assessment of current status about extent of the disease is important in terms of success (...) of the surgery. In this case report, we present the positive contribution of intraoperative gamma probe used for lesion detectability and for surgical safety in a patient operated for several times and administered high cumulative dose of radioiodine therapy for diffentiated thyroid carcinoma previously.None declared.

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2013 Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy

108. Oesophageal Conduit – a Cause of Diffuse Mediastinal Uptake on Thyroid Scintigraphy (PubMed)

uptake on thyroid scintigraphy. An awareness of abnormal anatomy as well as altered physiological tracer uptake would help to avoid any diagnostic pitfall.None declared. (...) Oesophageal Conduit – a Cause of Diffuse Mediastinal Uptake on Thyroid Scintigraphy 99mTc-pertechnetate scintigraphy plays an essential role in the management of a variety of thyroid and parathyroid disorders. The authors report an unusual case of mediastinal tracer distribution of 99mTc-pertechnetate and 99mTc-MIBI in relation to an oesophageal conduit following oesophago-gastrectomy and reconstructive surgery on thyroid scintigraphy. This is a rare but important cause of diffuse mediastinal

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2013 Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy

109. The thyroid foramen: a systematic review and surgical considerations. (PubMed)

lamina acts as the best topographical landmark to identify any aberrant anatomy related to a thyroid foramen.Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (...) The thyroid foramen: a systematic review and surgical considerations. This study presents an analytic review about the trait of the thyroid foramen. A detailed description about the demographics, frequency, embryology, morphometry, possible content, topography, clinical and surgical considerations is provided. The overall frequency was 28.3% in adults, 15% in children and neonates, 40.6% in embryos and fetuses. The content of the thyroid foramina was a neurovascular bundle in 41.2% of studies

2013 Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)

110. The false thyroid capsule: new findings. (PubMed)

The false thyroid capsule: new findings. The false thyroid capsule is an important anatomical structure involved in thyroidectomy, yet it is rarely studied. This study aimed to define the anatomy of the false thyroid capsule, and its clinical significance.A prospective study was performed involving 151 patients with goitre who underwent thyroid lobectomy. The anatomy of the false thyroid capsule was carefully documented intra-operatively.The false thyroid capsule enclosed the inferior (...) and middle thyroid veins and the superior thyroid vessels, forming a mesentery-like structure by attaching to the gland. Once the unilateral lobe had been removed, the thyroid mesentery could be seen to have a C-shaped edge. The recurrent laryngeal nerve, inferior thyroid artery and parathyroid glands were located beneath the C-shaped edge of the thyroid mesentery.The thyroid mesentery is a distinctive structure that can be used as a guide for surgical dissection.

2013 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

111. Transoral robotic resection of lingual thyroid: case report. (PubMed)

; she was able to commence oral feeding almost immediately, and was discharged from hospital on the fourth post-operative day.It is surgically feasible and safe to undertake transoral robotic resection of a large lingual thyroid. This approach may allow faster recovery and shorter hospitalisation for patients. Surgical safety requires a full understanding of the intralingual neurovascular anatomy. (...) Transoral robotic resection of lingual thyroid: case report. We present a case of large, symptomatic lingual thyroid which was successfully and safely removed via a transoral approach, using the da Vinci robotic system, in an academic medical centre in Singapore.A 17-year-old female adolescent presented with a large lingual thyroid causing upper airway obstruction. She underwent robotic, minimally invasive, transoral resection using the da Vinci system. Post-operative recovery was uneventful

2013 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

112. Charcoal tattoo localization for differentiated thyroid cancer recurrence in the central compartment of the neck (PubMed)

Charcoal tattoo localization for differentiated thyroid cancer recurrence in the central compartment of the neck Recurrence of differentiated thyroid cancer can often require further surgical options. Reoperations may carry significant risk of surgical complications; additionally, as the anatomy is subverted, there is the possibility of leaving residual neoplasm. In order to avoid such problems during reoperation for differentiated thyroid cancer recurrence, we have introduced the technique

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2012 Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica

113. The effects of sex steroids on thyroid C cells and trabecular bone structure in the rat model of male osteoporosis (PubMed)

in comparison with Orx rats. These data suggest that testosterone and estradiol treatment in Orx middle-aged rats affect calcitonin-producing thyroid C cells, which may contribute to the bone protective effects of sex hormones in the rat model of male osteoporosis.© 2012 The Authors Journal of Anatomy © 2012 Anatomical Society. (...) The effects of sex steroids on thyroid C cells and trabecular bone structure in the rat model of male osteoporosis Androgen deficiency is one of the major factors leading to the development of osteoporosis in men. Since calcitonin (CT) is a potent antiresorptive agent, in the present study we investigated the effects of androgen deficiency and subsequent testosterone and estradiol treatment on CT-producing thyroid C cells, skeletal and hormonal changes in middle-aged orchidectomized (Orx) rats

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2012 Journal of anatomy

114. The superior thyroid artery perforator flap: anatomical study and clinical series. (PubMed)

and successful flap planning and execution based on this dominant perforator. The superior thyroid artery perforator (STAP) flap demonstrates reliable vascular anatomy and is well suited to reconstruction of a broad range of head and neck defects.Therapeutic, IV. (...) The superior thyroid artery perforator flap: anatomical study and clinical series. The redundant tissues of the anterior neck are well suited as a donor site for fasciocutaneous flaps in head and neck reconstruction, with similar skin quality and numerous underlying perforators. However, historic cadaveric research has limited the use of this as a donor site for the design of long and/or large flaps for fear of vascular compromise. The authors undertook an anatomical study to identify

2012 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

115. Robot-Assisted Sistrunk's Operation, Total Thyroidectomy, and Neck Dissection via a Transaxillary and Retroauricular (TARA) Approach in Papillary Carcinoma Arising in Thyroglossal Duct Cyst and Thyroid Gland. (PubMed)

Robot-Assisted Sistrunk's Operation, Total Thyroidectomy, and Neck Dissection via a Transaxillary and Retroauricular (TARA) Approach in Papillary Carcinoma Arising in Thyroglossal Duct Cyst and Thyroid Gland. Carcinomas arising in the thyroglossal duct cysts are rare, accounting only for about 0.7-1.5 % of all thyroglossal duct cysts. Synchronous occurrence of thyroglossal duct carcinoma and thyroid carcinoma is reported to be even rarer. Traditionally, surgical treatments of such coexisting (...) thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma (TGDCa) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) were typically performed through a single transverse or double incisions on the overlying skin. A longer, extended cervical incision might be required if neck dissection is necessary. Though this method provides the operator with the optimal surgical view, the detrimental cosmetic effect on the patient of possessing a scar cannot be avoided, despite the effort of the surgeon to camouflage the scar by placing the incision

2012 Annals of Surgical Oncology

116. Increased Detection of Non-recurrent Inferior Laryngeal Nerve (NRLN) During Thyroid Surgery Using Systematic Intraoperative Neuromonitoring (IONM). (PubMed)

than expected. Neurophysiology helps the surgeon to better understand the anatomy and function of nervous structures. Intraoperative neuromonitoring is a useful tool that should be systematically implemented in thyroid surgery to better understand the anatomy and physiology of the inferior laryngeal nerve. Its use may allow the surgeon to decrease the incidence of nerve palsy especially in case of NRLN. The IONM adjunct does not add significantly to the costs for thyroid surgery. (...) Increased Detection of Non-recurrent Inferior Laryngeal Nerve (NRLN) During Thyroid Surgery Using Systematic Intraoperative Neuromonitoring (IONM). Non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRLN) is a rare anatomical variant with a reported incidence of 0.6-1.3 %. It carries a higher risk of palsy during thyroid surgery. Its detection is mandatory in order to avoid such complication.Systematic intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) was carried out for 806 consecutive nerve at risk (NAR) patients

2012 World Journal of Surgery

117. Robotic Transaxillary Thyroid Lobectomy of a Follicular Neoplasm. (PubMed)

cords. There were no complications. Patient was discharged 4 h after surgery.Robotic transaxillary endoscopic gasless thyroid surgery with monitoring and stimulation of the RLN is feasible and safe. This technique eliminates a visible neck scar and affords excellent high definition optics of the cervical anatomy. This new technique can be accomplished on an outpatient basis. (...) Robotic Transaxillary Thyroid Lobectomy of a Follicular Neoplasm. Minimally invasive thyroid surgery using various techniques is well described. The purpose of this video is to show a robotic-assisted transaxillary right thyroid lobectomy for a follicular neoplasm with intraoperative nerve monitoring and stimulation of recurrent laryngeal nerve. Herein, we show our experience with the technique and its safety and feasibility.We performed a right thyroid lobectomy on a 33-year-old patient using

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2012 Annals of Surgical Oncology

118. Three-dimensional radiobiological dosimetry (3D-RD) with 124I PET for 131I therapy of thyroid cancer (PubMed)

at high resolution and sensitivity. The CT component of PET/CT has made it simpler to match the activity distribution to the corresponding anatomy. These developments have facilitated patient-specific dosimetry (PSD), utilizing software packages such as three-dimensional radiobiological dosimetry (3D-RD), which can account for individual patient differences in pharmacokinetics and anatomy. We highlight specific examples of such calculations and discuss the potential impact of (124)I PET/CT on thyroid (...) Three-dimensional radiobiological dosimetry (3D-RD) with 124I PET for 131I therapy of thyroid cancer Radioiodine therapy of thyroid cancer was the first and remains among the most successful radiopharmaceutical (RPT) treatments of cancer although its clinical use is based on imprecise dosimetry. The positron emitting radioiodine, (124)I, in combination with positron emission tomography (PET)/CT has made it possible to measure the spatial distribution of radioiodine in tumors and normal organs

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2011 European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging

119. Role of EphA4 Receptor Signaling in Thyroid Development: Regulation of Folliculogenesis and Propagation of the C-Cell Lineage. (PubMed)

are euthyroid and have a normal thyroid anatomy but display subtle histological alterations regarding number, size, and shape of follicles. Of particular interest, the pattern of follicular abnormality differs between EphA4(-/-) and EphA4(EGFP/EGFP) thyroids. In addition, the number of C cells is reduced by >50% exclusively in animals lacking EphA4 forward signaling (EphA4(EGFP/EGFP)). Heterozygous EphA4 mutants have no apparent thyroid phenotype. We conclude that EphA4 is a novel regulator of thyroid (...) Role of EphA4 Receptor Signaling in Thyroid Development: Regulation of Folliculogenesis and Propagation of the C-Cell Lineage. Transcriptome analysis revealed that the tyrosine kinase receptor EphA4 is enriched in the thyroid bud in mouse embryos. We used heterozygous EphA4-EGFP knock-in mice in which enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) replaced the intracellular receptor domain (EphA4(+/EGFP)) to localize EphA4 protein in thyroid primordial tissues. This showed that thyroid progenitors

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2011 Endocrinology

120. Influence of thyroid function on the teratogenic activity of trypan blue in the rat. (PubMed)

Influence of thyroid function on the teratogenic activity of trypan blue in the rat. 6005925 1967 03 06 2018 11 13 0021-8782 100 Pt 2 1966 Apr Journal of anatomy J. Anat. Influence of thyroid function on the teratogenic activity of trypan blue in the rat. 361-8 Christie G A GA eng Journal Article England J Anat 0137162 0021-8782 I2ZWO3LS3M Trypan Blue Q51BO43MG4 Thyroxine IM Abnormalities, Drug-Induced Animals Basal Metabolism drug effects Female Fetal Death Pregnancy Pregnancy, Animal Rats (...) Reproduction Thyroid Gland physiopathology Thyroidectomy Thyroxine pharmacology Trypan Blue toxicity 1966 4 1 1966 4 1 0 1 1966 4 1 0 0 ppublish 6005925 PMC1270742 Nature. 1962 Feb 24;193:784-5 14483632 Endocrinology. 1962 Sep;71:414-21 13911986 Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1959 Mar;77(3):546-55 13627055 Br Med J. 1960 Apr 23;1(5181):1253-4 13845938 Nature. 1958 Apr 5;181(4614):992-3 13541340 Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1959 Jan 9;75:895-904 14410148 Am J Ophthalmol. 1955 Jul;40(1):65-76 14388096 Endocrinology. 1952 Feb;50

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1966 Journal of anatomy

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