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Thyroid Anatomy

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61. Thyroid gland visualization with 3D/4D ultrasound: integrated hands-on imaging in anatomical dissection laboratory (PubMed)

Thyroid gland visualization with 3D/4D ultrasound: integrated hands-on imaging in anatomical dissection laboratory In teaching anatomy, clinical imaging has been utilized to supplement the traditional dissection laboratory promoting education through visualization of spatial relationships of anatomical structures. Viewing the thyroid gland using 3D/4D ultrasound can be valuable to physicians as well as students learning anatomy. The objective of this study was to investigate the perceptions (...) of first-year medical students regarding the integration of 3D/4D ultrasound visualization of spatial anatomy during anatomical education.108 first-year medical students were introduced to 3D/4D ultrasound imaging of the thyroid gland through a detailed 20-min tutorial taught in small group format. Students then practiced 3D/4D ultrasound imaging on volunteers and donor cadavers before assessment through acquisition and identification of thyroid gland on at least three instructor-verified images

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2016 Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

62. Continuous intraoperative neural monitoring of the recurrent nerves in thyroid surgery: a quantum leap in technology (PubMed)

Continuous intraoperative neural monitoring of the recurrent nerves in thyroid surgery: a quantum leap in technology The continuous intraoperative neural monitoring (CIONM) technique is increasingly acknowledged as a useful tool to recognize impending nerve injury and to abort the related manoeuvre to prevent nerve injury during thyroid surgery. CIONM provides valuable real-time information constantly, which is really useful during complex thyroid surgeries especially in the settings of unusual (...) anatomy. Thus, CIONM overcomes the key methodological limitation inherent in intermittent nerve monitoring (IINOM); which is allowing the nerve to be at risk in between the stimulations. The clinically important combined electromyographic (EMG) event, indicative of impending recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, prevents the majority of traction related injuries to the anatomically intact RLN enabling modification of the causative surgical manoeuvre in 80% of cases. These EMG changes can progress

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2016 Gland surgery

63. In-vivo handheld optoacoustic tomography of the human thyroid (PubMed)

optical features consistent with the thyroid anatomy and the morphology of surrounding structures. (...) In-vivo handheld optoacoustic tomography of the human thyroid We interrogated the application and imaging features obtained by non-invasive and handheld optoacoustic imaging of the thyroid in-vivo. Optoacoustics can offer complementary contrast to ultrasound, by resolving optical absorption-based and offering speckle-free imaging. In particular we inquired whether vascular structures could be better resolved using optoacoustics. For this reason we developed a compact handheld version of real

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2016 Photoacoustics

64. Thyroid Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

%, but it is higher in people younger than 40 years and in people with calcifications present on preoperative ultrasonography.[ , ] Anatomy Thyroid gland tissue envelops the upper trachea just below the thyroid and cricoid cartilages that make up the larynx. The gland has an isthmus and often asymmetric right and left lobes; usually four parathyroid glands lie posteriorly. When swallowing, the thyroid may be felt to rise with the larynx—most commonly in the presence of a disease process. Anatomy of the thyroid (...) Thyroid Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version Thyroid Cancer Treatment (Adult) (PDQ®) - PDQ Cancer Information Summaries - NCBI Bookshelf Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function. Search database Search term Search NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Cancer Institute (US); 2002-. PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet]. Bethesda (MD

2015 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

65. Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery (Follow-up)

Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery (Follow-up) Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery: Skin Tension Lines, Cosmetic Units and Subunits, Muscles of Facial Expression Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTEyNzMwNy1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery Updated: Jul 21, 2015 Author: Ida Orengo, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery Skin Tension Lines Skin tension lines (STLs) are the result of a complex interaction between internal and external factors involving the skin. The intrinsic framework, which consists of elastin and collagen, progressively loosens with age. Its interaction with the muscles of facial

2014 eMedicine.com

66. Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery (Overview)

Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery (Overview) Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery: Skin Tension Lines, Cosmetic Units and Subunits, Muscles of Facial Expression Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTEyNzMwNy1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery Updated: Jul 21, 2015 Author: Ida Orengo, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery Skin Tension Lines Skin tension lines (STLs) are the result of a complex interaction between internal and external factors involving the skin. The intrinsic framework, which consists of elastin and collagen, progressively loosens with age. Its interaction with the muscles of facial

2014 eMedicine.com

67. Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery (Diagnosis)

Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery (Diagnosis) Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery: Skin Tension Lines, Cosmetic Units and Subunits, Muscles of Facial Expression Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTEyNzMwNy1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery Updated: Jul 21, 2015 Author: Ida Orengo, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery Skin Tension Lines Skin tension lines (STLs) are the result of a complex interaction between internal and external factors involving the skin. The intrinsic framework, which consists of elastin and collagen, progressively loosens with age. Its interaction with the muscles of facial

2014 eMedicine.com

68. Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery (Treatment)

Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery (Treatment) Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery: Skin Tension Lines, Cosmetic Units and Subunits, Muscles of Facial Expression Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTEyNzMwNy1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery Updated: Jul 21, 2015 Author: Ida Orengo, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Facial Anatomy in Cutaneous Surgery Skin Tension Lines Skin tension lines (STLs) are the result of a complex interaction between internal and external factors involving the skin. The intrinsic framework, which consists of elastin and collagen, progressively loosens with age. Its interaction with the muscles of facial

2014 eMedicine.com

69. Orbit Anatomy

Orbit Anatomy Orbit Anatomy: Osteology, Lacrimal System, Connective Tissue Planes Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODM1MDIxLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Orbit Anatomy Updated: Oct 29, 2013 Author: Guy J (...) Petruzzelli, MD, PhD, MBA, FACS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Orbit Anatomy Osteology The , which protects, supports, and maximizes the function of the eye, is shaped like a quadrilateral pyramid, with its base in plane with the orbital rim. Seven bones conjoin to form the orbital structure, as shown in the image below. [ ] This image of the right orbit shows the 7 bones that contribute to its structure. The orbital process of the frontal bone

2014 eMedicine Surgery

70. Eyelid Anatomy

Eyelid Anatomy Eyelid Anatomy: Overview, Surface Anatomy, Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODM0OTMyLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Eyelid Anatomy Updated: Jun 30, 2016 Author (...) : Bhupendra C K Patel, MD, FRCS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Eyelid Anatomy Overview Overview The act to protect the anterior surface of the globe from local injury. Additionally, they aid in regulation of light reaching the eye; in tear film maintenance, by distributing the protective and optically important tear film over the cornea during blinking; and in tear flow, by their pumping action on the conjunctival sac and lacrimal sac. Structures

2014 eMedicine Surgery

71. Prospective study of vocal fold function after loss of the neuromonitoring signal in thyroid surgery: The International Neural Monitoring Study Group's POLT study. (PubMed)

Prospective study of vocal fold function after loss of the neuromonitoring signal in thyroid surgery: The International Neural Monitoring Study Group's POLT study. Intraoperative neuromonitoring identifies recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury and gives prognostic information regarding postoperative glottic function. Loss of the neuromonitoring signal (LOS) signifies segmental type 1 or global type 2 RLN injury. This study aimed at identifying risk factors for RLN injury and determining vocal (...) (67.9%) and LOS type 2 in 54 of 59 patients (91.5%). Course of the RLN posterior and/or anterior to the inferior thyroid artery, extralaryngeal branching, or tuberculum of Zuckerkandl did not increase VF palsy rates. Permanent VF palsy rates were also lower (P = .661) after LOS type 2 than after LOS type 1: 6.8% (four of 59 patients) versus 10.7% (six of 56 patients). Intraoperative administration of steroids did not diminish postoperative VF palsy rates.LOS type 1 entails more severe nerve damage

2015 Laryngoscope

72. The Microvascular Basis of the Superior Thyroid Artery Perforator Flap. (PubMed)

The Microvascular Basis of the Superior Thyroid Artery Perforator Flap. The superior thyroid artery perforator flap has been presented previously in this Journal as a locoregional flap that provides an excellent tissue match with minimal donor morbidity for lateral face and temple defects. In the current study, the authors aimed to describe the microvascular anatomy of this flap.The authors used in vivo computer tomographic angiography, cadaveric dissection, and ex vivo angiography in order (...) to improve surgical safety and application of this technique.The authors provide a detailed map of the microvasculature that is critical to success in this technique, in addition to useful surface anatomical landmarks for ready application in the clinical scenario. Further, the authors discuss the anatomical basis of this flap with reference to the angiosome concept and the critical presence of true anastomoses.The superior thyroid artery perforator flap has been shown to be an excellent technique

2015 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

73. Thyroid gland rupture after blunt neck trauma: A case report and review of the literature (PubMed)

Thyroid gland rupture after blunt neck trauma: A case report and review of the literature Soft tissue injuries are relatively common after blunt neck trauma, because of its complex anatomy, many vital structures can be compromised. Isolated trauma to the thyroid is highly uncommon and there are few cases reported in the literature.A 19 year-old female patient with no known pathologies who sustained direct blunt trauma to the right frontal half of the neck after falling down from a stair case (...) . She arrived at the ER with moderate neck swelling and pain. There were no visible hematomas and no respiratory compromise was noted. Contrast enhanced CT-scan showed rupture and hematoma of the right thyroid lobe; she underwent surgical exploration with hemi thyroidectomy and recovered uneventfully.Despite soft tissue injuries are relatively common after blunt neck trauma, isolated thyroid gland injury is extremely rare and is present in about 1-2% of the cases and in most of the cases

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2015 International journal of surgery case reports

74. Neural Monitoring of the Superior Laryngeal Nerve in Thyroid Surgery

Sponsor: The Royal Wolverhampton Hospitals NHS Trust Information provided by (Responsible Party): The Royal Wolverhampton Hospitals NHS Trust Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Thyroid surgeons place an enormous amount of importance and rightly so to the preservation of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroidectomies. A good knowledge of the anatomy of the nerve and meticulous dissection technique and intraoperative identification of the nerve are crucial to the anatomic (...) Neural Monitoring of the Superior Laryngeal Nerve in Thyroid Surgery Neural Monitoring of the Superior Laryngeal Nerve in Thyroid Surgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Neural Monitoring

2015 Clinical Trials

75. RAI thyroid bed uptake after total thyroidectomy: A novel SPECT-CT anatomic classification system. (PubMed)

after total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and to provide a novel classification system relating uptake to thyroid anatomy and preservation of adjacent neural structures.Retrospective.Radioactive iodine-uptake foci in thyroid bed were localized by SPECT/CT imaging at the time of RAI remnant ablation in 141 DTC patients undergoing total thyroidectomy.Minimal residual RAI uptake (median 0.32% at 24 hours) in the thyroid bed was detected by diagnostic planar whole body scans (...) RAI thyroid bed uptake after total thyroidectomy: A novel SPECT-CT anatomic classification system. Recent, more selective use of radioactive iodine (RAI) has led to reevaluation of the clinical importance of achieving complete total thyroidectomy with minimal residual normal thyroid tissue. We utilize the improved localization by post-RAI remnant ablation, single photon emission computerized tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) to define specific anatomic sites of residual RAI-uptake foci

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2015 Laryngoscope

76. Identification of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve at the Cricothyroid Joint: Our Experience of 181 Thyroid Procedures. (PubMed)

Department, William Harvey Hospital, Kent, UK. Moorthy R R Olaleye O O Black I M IM eng Letter England Clin Otolaryngol 101247023 1749-4478 IM Adolescent Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Cricoid Cartilage innervation Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Male Middle Aged Postoperative Complications prevention & control Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve anatomy & histology Retrospective Studies Thyroid Cartilage innervation Thyroid Diseases surgery Thyroidectomy methods Vocal Cord Paralysis etiology prevention & control (...) Identification of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve at the Cricothyroid Joint: Our Experience of 181 Thyroid Procedures. 24801664 2015 03 30 2014 06 23 1749-4486 39 3 2014 Jun Clinical otolaryngology : official journal of ENT-UK ; official journal of Netherlands Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology & Cervico-Facial Surgery Clin Otolaryngol Identification of the recurrent laryngeal nerve at the cricothyroid joint: Our experience of 181 thyroid procedures. 174-7 10.1111/coa.12254 Sykes R F RF ENT

2014 Clinical Otolaryngology

77. Impact of lymph node metastases with recurrent laryngeal nerve invasion on patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. (PubMed)

Impact of lymph node metastases with recurrent laryngeal nerve invasion on patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. Although rare, invasion by papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) of the upper aerodigestive tract significantly affects patients' prognosis and quality of life. Within the central compartment, the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is most frequently invaded by lymph node metastases (LNM). However, such an invasion has not been described in the literature, although reports on RLN (...) (mean±standard deviation) of patients with RLN paralysis was 21±8 mm, whereas it was significantly different at 14±7 mm in those without RLN paralysis.Our results indicate that most patients with RLN invasion by LNM did not experience preoperative vocal cord paralysis. LNM invasion of the RLN (70%) more often occurred on the right side as expected given the complexity and three-dimensional anatomy of the RLN in the right paratracheal region compared to the left. RLN invasion by LNM should

2014 Thyroid

78. Genetics of Medullary Thyroid Cancer

Genetics of Medullary Thyroid Cancer Genetics of Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Neoplasias (PDQ®)—Health Professional Version - National Cancer Institute Menu Search Search Search Executive Summary This executive summary reviews the topics covered in this PDQ summary on the genetics of endocrine and neuroendocrine neoplasias, with hyperlinks to detailed sections below that describe the evidence on each topic. Inheritance and Risk Several hereditary syndromes involve the endocrine (...) or with medical therapy in high-risk surgical patients. consists of surgical removal of the entire thyroid gland, including the posterior capsule, and central lymph node dissection. Parathyroid and pituitary tumors associated with MEN4 are also managed surgically, in accordance with treatment for other familial syndromes such as MEN1. are also treated surgically. Preoperative management aimed at preventing catecholamine-induced complications of the surgery is common. The mainstay of is complete surgical

2012 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

79. Thyroid Tumors, Childhood

Thyroid Tumors, Childhood Unusual Cancers of Childhood Treatment (PDQ®)—Health Professional Version - National Cancer Institute Menu Search Search Search General Information About Unusual Cancers of Childhood Introduction Cancer in children and adolescents is rare, although the overall incidence of childhood cancer has been slowly increasing since 1975.[ ] Referral to medical centers with multidisciplinary teams of cancer specialists experienced in treating cancers that occur in childhood (...) thyroid cancer, melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers, and multiple types of carcinomas (e.g., adrenocortical carcinoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and most adult-type carcinomas such as breast cancer, colorectal cancer, etc.).[ ] These diagnoses account for about 4% of cancers diagnosed in children aged 0 to 14 years, compared with about 20% of cancers diagnosed in adolescents aged 15 to 19 years (refer to Figures and ).[ ] Most cancers within subgroup XI are either melanomas or thyroid cancer

2012 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

80. Thyroid Cancer

. Thyroid cancer commonly presents as a so-called cold nodule . It is detected as a palpable thyroid gland during a physical exam and evaluated with iodine I 131 scans; scintigraphy shows that the isotope is not taken up in an area of the gland. The overall incidence of cancer in a cold nodule is 12% to 15%, but it is higher in people younger than 40 years and in people with calcifications present on preoperative ultrasonography.[ , ] Anatomy Thyroid gland tissue envelops the upper trachea just below (...) the thyroid and cricoid cartilages that make up the larynx. The gland has an isthmus and often asymmetric right and left lobes; usually four parathyroid glands lie posteriorly. When swallowing, the thyroid may be felt to rise with the larynx—most commonly in the presence of a disease process. Anatomy of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. Risk Factors Patients with a history of radiation therapy administered in infancy or childhood for benign conditions of the head and neck (such as enlarged thymus

2012 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

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