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Thoracic Spine Anatomy

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181. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

with a cervical spine view or thoracic inlet view can effectively depict congenital or acquired bony anomalies that aid in the diagnosis of TOS. Cervical ribs, prominent or elongated C7 transverse processes, abnormal or elongated first ribs, and large fracture calluses are easily detected on plain radiographs. Radiography is important if prior images are not available. Such findings may help focus subsequent more complex and more invasive radiologic studies of a particular region. In addition, unsuspected (...) concluded that reconstructed volume-rendering images have the highest sensitivity (95%) and specificity (100%), compared with cross-sectional imaging and image reconstruction with multiplanar and 3-dimensional-shaded surface display techniques. [ ] In another article, Remy-Jardin et al describe changes in the functional anatomy of the thoracic outlet in 79 patients with symptomatic thoracic outlet syndrome who underwent CT angiography. [ , , ] Most clinicians consider arteriography or venography

2014 eMedicine Radiology

182. Chest Reconstruction, Chest Wall Reconstruction

syndrome, pectus excavatum, and pectus carinatum. Remember that prior to undertaking the challenge of chest wall reconstruction, the status of the pleural cavity, the requirement for skeletal support, and the extent of the soft tissue defect must be understood. Previous Next: Relevant Anatomy The paired internal thoracic arteries, the deep epigastric systems, provide the main blood supply to the ventral aspect of the chest. This system connects the major vessels of the neck to those in the groin. Many (...) of Poland syndrome to the overlooked concomitant deformities of the ipsilateral upper extremity and hand. [ ] Next: Etiology One of the most common acquired chest wall deformities is sequela from infection. This may be the result of , trauma, or . The resulting defects, from debridement of the chest wall or the pleural space and its contents, may require fill procedures with flaps of thoracic or abdominal origin, sterilization procedures, or collapse procedures as in thoracoplasty. Tumor radiation

2014 eMedicine Surgery

183. Sarcoidosis, Thoracic

with many giant cells. Courtesy of Sat Sharma, MD, FRCPC, FCCP, DABSM. Sarcoidosis, thoracic. Stage I disease. Standard posteroanterior chest radiograph in a 28-year-old man shows extensive bilateral hilar and mediastinal lymph node enlargement not associated with a pulmonary abnormality. Sarcoidosis, thoracic. High-resolution CT scan in a young patient shows uniformly small, bilateral nodules in a miliary pattern. The patient also had mediastinal and hilar adenopathy. This is stage II disease (...) staging Characteristic radiographic appearances are reported in approximately 60-70% of patients with sarcoidosis. [ ] The radiographic changes in thoracic sarcoidosis are usefully classified into 5 groups or stages, as follows: Stage 0 - No demonstrable abnormality Stage 1 - Hilar and mediastinal lymph node enlargement not associated with pulmonary abnormality (see the image below) Sarcoidosis, thoracic. Stage I disease. Standard posteroanterior chest radiograph in a 28-year-old man shows extensive

2014 eMedicine Radiology

184. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (Diagnosis)

the upper abdominal aorta and all or none of the infrarenal aorta Descending thoracic aneurysms and thoracoabdominal aneurysms may compress or erode into surrounding structures, including the trachea, bronchus, esophagus, vertebral body, and spinal column. Previous Next: Pathophysiology Aneurysms are usually defined as a localized dilation of an arterial segment greater that 50% its normal diameter. Most aortic aneurysms occur in the infrarenal segment (95%). The average size for an infrarenal aorta (...) Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (Diagnosis) Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm: Background, Anatomy, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNDI0OTA0LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Updated

2014 eMedicine Surgery

185. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (Overview)

the upper abdominal aorta and all or none of the infrarenal aorta Descending thoracic aneurysms and thoracoabdominal aneurysms may compress or erode into surrounding structures, including the trachea, bronchus, esophagus, vertebral body, and spinal column. Previous Next: Pathophysiology Aneurysms are usually defined as a localized dilation of an arterial segment greater that 50% its normal diameter. Most aortic aneurysms occur in the infrarenal segment (95%). The average size for an infrarenal aorta (...) Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (Overview) Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm: Background, Anatomy, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNDI0OTA0LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Updated

2014 eMedicine Surgery

186. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (Treatment)

of a dedicated angiographic suite. A Zone 2 landing requires partial or complete coverage of the LSA. In general, this is well tolerated, however, several reports have detailed higher incidences of neurologic complications with LSA coverage and, therefore, a thorough assessment of the carotid, vertebral and circle of Willis circulations should be preoperatively performed. [ ] Descending thoracic aneurysm and thoracoabdominal aneurysm repairs Measures to reduce spinal cord injury include CSF drainage (...) (with the appropriate anatomy) to open repair in patients who are not at high risk for complications. Patients must understand that life-long follow-up is required and that long-term durability is unknown. Future and controversies Early morbidity and mortality are related to bleeding, neurologic injury (eg, stroke), cardiac failure, and pulmonary failure (eg, [ARDS]). Risk factors include emergency operation, older age, dissection, (CHF), prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time, arch replacement, previous cardiac

2014 eMedicine Surgery

187. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (Follow-up)

of a dedicated angiographic suite. A Zone 2 landing requires partial or complete coverage of the LSA. In general, this is well tolerated, however, several reports have detailed higher incidences of neurologic complications with LSA coverage and, therefore, a thorough assessment of the carotid, vertebral and circle of Willis circulations should be preoperatively performed. [ ] Descending thoracic aneurysm and thoracoabdominal aneurysm repairs Measures to reduce spinal cord injury include CSF drainage (...) (with the appropriate anatomy) to open repair in patients who are not at high risk for complications. Patients must understand that life-long follow-up is required and that long-term durability is unknown. Future and controversies Early morbidity and mortality are related to bleeding, neurologic injury (eg, stroke), cardiac failure, and pulmonary failure (eg, [ARDS]). Risk factors include emergency operation, older age, dissection, (CHF), prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time, arch replacement, previous cardiac

2014 eMedicine Surgery

188. Imaging of congenital chest wall deformities (Full text)

Imaging of congenital chest wall deformities To identify the anatomy and pathology of chest wall malformations presenting for consideration for corrective surgery or as a possible chest wall "mass", and to review the common corrective surgical procedures. Congenital chest wall deformities are caused by anomalies of chest wall growth, leading to sternal depression or protrusion, or are related to failure of normal spine or rib development. Cross-sectional imaging allows appreciation not only (...) . In this pictorial essay, we discuss the radiological features of the commonest congenital chest wall deformities and illustrate pre- and post-surgical appearances for those undergoing surgical correction.

2016 The British journal of radiology PubMed abstract

189. Interactive 3D Visualization Technique Used in Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programme in COPD

no specific cough questionnaire exists in Swedish. Pulmonary rehabilitation including education and exercise training improves health. The Physiotherapy department has conducted rehabilitation programs for patients with COPD since 1995. The COPD-program has several times been updated according to existing evidence. Education in anatomy, physiology, physical therapy and self-training is a big part of the physical therapist's workday. The education imparts complex knowledge. It is demanding to mediate (...) Interactive 3D Visualization Technique Used in Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programme in COPD Interactive 3D Visualization Technique Used in Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programme in COPD - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more

2016 Clinical Trials

190. Shoulder Anatomy

Anatomy , Shoulder II. Anatomy Bone and Ligament Also available as a . See Also available as a . See Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Muscles Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) III. Anatomy: Bones r spine Third thoracic e r inferior angle Eighth thoracic e (7th rib) Clavicle IV (...) Shoulder Anatomy Shoulder Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Shoulder Anatomy Shoulder Anatomy Aka: Shoulder

2015 FP Notebook

191. Hand Anatomy

Hand Anatomy Hand Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Hand Anatomy Hand Anatomy Aka: Hand Anatomy , Radial Nerve (...) of median nerve (C0025058) Definition (NCI_CDISC) A branch of the brachial plexus that extends along the anterior aspect of the forearm and the hand. (NCI) Definition (NCI) A branch of the brachial plexus that extends along the anterior aspect of the forearm and the hand. Definition (MSH) A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory

2015 FP Notebook

192. Brachial Plexus Anatomy

Brachial Plexus Anatomy Brachial Plexus Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Brachial Plexus Anatomy Brachial (...) Plexus Anatomy Aka: Brachial Plexus Anatomy , Brachial Plexus II. Anatomy: Brachial Plexus Divisions (at least 38 defined variations) Mnemonic ("Rip Taylor Drinks Cold Beer" or "Coffee Black") Spinal levels (C5 to T1) transition into 5 Roots (Rami) Roots (Rami) divide into 3 trunks Trunks divide into 6 divisions Divisions combine into 3 cords Cords divide into 5-6 brances III. Anatomy: Images Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918

2015 FP Notebook

193. Musculoskeletal Anatomy

Musculoskeletal Anatomy Musculoskeletal Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Musculoskeletal Anatomy (...) Musculoskeletal Anatomy Aka: Musculoskeletal Anatomy , Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System II. Components Spine Associated Systems s III. Anatomy Bony Anatomy Also available as a . See Also available as a . See Muscle Anatomy Also available as a . See Also available as a . See Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Musculoskeletal Anatomy." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window

2015 FP Notebook

194. Brain Stem Anatomy

Brain Stem Anatomy Brain Stem Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Brain Stem Anatomy Brain Stem Anatomy Aka: Brain (...) Stem Anatomy , Brain Stem , Brainstem , Cranial Nerve Nucleus , Nucleus Solitarius , Nucleus Ambiguous , Somatic Motor Nucleii , Visceral Motor Nucleii , Visceral Sensory Nucleii , Somatic Sensory Nucleii II. Anatomy: Components Most superior aspect of the Brainstem Lies immediately inferior to the Diencephalon Lies deep to the and Immediately superior to the spinal cord Lies deep to the clivus (slanted bony surface) Lies just above the foramen magnum (hole at skull base) With , the is the first

2015 FP Notebook

195. Ganglion Anatomy

Ganglion Anatomy Ganglion Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Ganglion Anatomy Ganglion Anatomy Aka: Ganglion (...) (in at or ) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Ganglion Anatomy." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Ganglia (C0017067) Definition (FMA) Subdivision of neural tree (organ) which primarily consists of cell bodies of neurons located outside the neuraxis (brain and spinal cord); together with a nucleus and its associated nerve

2015 FP Notebook

196. Neurologic Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System

Neurologic Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System Neurologic Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer (...) Administration 4 Neurologic Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System Neurologic Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System Aka: Neurologic Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System , Musculoskeletal Neurologic Anatomy II. Components Spine Arm Leg III. Exam See See See Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Neurologic Anatomy of the Musculoskeletal System." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window

2015 FP Notebook

197. Vestibular Anatomy

Vestibular Anatomy Vestibular Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Vestibular Anatomy Vestibular Anatomy Aka (...) ) Vestibular tract carries signals from the utricle and sacule r tract carries signals from the hearing apparatus in the Vestibular nucleii Located in the pons and and receive input from the respective tracts of Transmit signals to the rest of the , and spinal cord to combine with other inputs (e.g. occiptal lobe, dorsal columns) and fiber tracts that connect with the and carry information directing eye movement Connects with , , and for eye motor activity, as well as for head position input related to eye

2015 FP Notebook

198. Neurologic Anatomy

Neurologic Anatomy Neurologic Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Neurologic Anatomy Neurologic Anatomy Aka (...) : Neurologic Anatomy , Neuroanatomy II. Anatomy: Extracranial and Vascular Anatomy Bones See Peripheral Nerves See See See CNS Vascular Supply See III. Anatomy: Cerebrum Major divisions Anatomical landmarks (divide the cerebral lobes into further identifiable regions) Brain sulci and Brain Fissures IV. Anatomy: Cerebellum See See V. Anatomy: Brain Stem See See s Images Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) VI. Anatomy: Diencephalon Epithalamus (posterior) Habenula (and habenular commissure) Stria

2015 FP Notebook

199. Renal Anatomy

Renal Anatomy Renal Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Renal Anatomy Renal Anatomy Aka: Renal Anatomy , Kidney (...) Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Renal Anatomy." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: Kidney (C0022646) Definition (NCI_CDISC) One of the two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the spine in the retroperitoneum. The right kidney is located below the liver and the left kidney below the diaphragm. The kidneys filter and secret the metabolic products

2015 FP Notebook

200. Pelvic Anatomy

Pelvic Anatomy Pelvic Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Pelvic Anatomy Pelvic Anatomy Aka: Pelvic Anatomy (...) surface of the pelvic diaphragm; together with the thorax, abdomen, and perineum, it constitutes the trunk. Examples: There is only one pelvis. Definition (NCI_CDISC) The bony, basin-shaped structure formed by the hipbones and the base of the backbone supporting the lower limbs in humans. (NCI) Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Definition (NCI) The bony, basin-shaped structure formed by the hipbones and the base of the backbone supporting

2015 FP Notebook

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