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Testicular Self-Exam

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121. Testicular cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

sign of testicular cancer One of the first signs of testicular cancer is often a lump or swelling in the testes. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against routine screening for testicular cancer in asymptomatic adolescent and adults including routine testicular self-exams. However, the American Cancer Society suggests that some men should examine their testicles monthly, especially if they have a family history of cancer, and the American Urological Association recommends (...) monthly testicular self-examinations for all young men. Symptoms may also include one or more of the following: a in one testis which may or may not be painful sharp pain or a dull ache in the lower or scrotum a feeling often described as "heaviness" in the scrotum firmness of the testicle breast enlargement ( ) from hormonal effects of β-hCG (lumbago) due to the cancer spreading to the lymph nodes along the back It is not very common for testicular cancer to spread to other organs, apart from

2012 Wikipedia

122. Alcohol and cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

factors for bladder cancer." Cervical cancer [ ] Main article: A study concluded "that alcoholic women are at high risk for in situ and invasive cervical cancer" but attributed this to indirect, lifestyle-related reasons. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) breast cancer [ ] "DCIS patients and control subjects did not differ with respect to oral contraceptive use, hormone replacement therapy, alcohol consumption or smoking history, or breast self-examination. Associations for LCIS were similar (...) article: A few studies have indicated an increased risk of neuroblastoma with use of alcohol during pregnancy. Salivary gland cancer (SGC) [ ] Main article: Alcohol use is associated with an increased risk of salivary gland cancer. Testicular cancer [ ] Main article: A review concluded that "There is no firm evidence of a causal relation between behavior risks [tobacco, alcohol and diet] and testicular cancer." Thyroid cancer [ ] Main article: A 2009 review found that alcohol intake does not affect

2012 Wikipedia

123. Public Awareness of Testis Cancer and the Prevalence of Testicular Self-examination-Changing Patterns Over 20 Years. (Abstract)

Public Awareness of Testis Cancer and the Prevalence of Testicular Self-examination-Changing Patterns Over 20 Years. Delay in treatment of testis cancer (TC) has a proven negative impact on disease stage, treatment outcome, and mortality. Poor public awareness of the disease and lack of testis self-examination (TSE) may account for late presentation. The aim of this study was to examine the knowledge of TC and performance of TSE in a group of men over 2 time periods 20 years apart.In (...) TSE. Limitations included possible selection bias in the 2 studies conducted in a banking institution.Increased testicular cancer knowledge combined with TSE may have a role in improving detection of significant testicular pathology.Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2010 Urology

124. Treatment and Recommendations on Reproductive Health Care for Homeless Patients

orifices in men and women, consider- ing sexual practices. For patients with a history of Hepatitis C or chronic Hepatitis B infections, include CBC with differentials, liver function and bilirubin testing. ? Pregnancy test urine pregnancy test (UCG) ? Routine health care maintenance For female: annual Pap smear with reflex HPV testing beginning within three years of sexual debut or at age 21 or older. Mammo- gram if indicated. For male: periodic testicular self-examination and instruction (...) . Explain risks of pregnancy to patient and fetus related to alcohol, drug, and nicotine use. Encourage folate-containing vitamin supplements. Educate client desiring preg- nancy about advantages of and contraindications to breast feeding. ? Health care maintenance Encourage regular breast/testicular self-exam. ? Storage/expiration of condoms, birth control pills Educate patient about proper storage of condoms and birth control pills. ? Co-existing medical conditions Educate patient about possible

2008 National Health Care for the Homeless Council

125. The determinants of screening uptake and interventions for increasing uptake: a systematic review

programmes were all included. Studies of self-examination procedures such as BSE and testicular self-examination were excluded, as were measures of accessibility and perceptions of barriers or motivations. Participants included in the review The inclusion criteria specified any people eligible to participate in a screening programme as defined by the entry criteria for that programme. Outcomes assessed in the review The outcome selected for the review was screening uptake or non-uptake, as recorded

2000 DARE.

129. Effectiveness of an Abstinence-Only HIV/Sexually Transmitted Disease Risk-Reduction Intervention for Young African-American Adolescents

, and skill for avoiding cigarette smoking and for incorporating a healthful diet, aerobic exercise, and breast and testicular self-examinations. The control intervention will focus on reducing risk of heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and certain cancers. Sessions for all groups will be led by trained adult facilitators and will include group discussions, videos, games, brainstorming, experiential exercises, and skill-building activities designed to be educational, interactive, and entertaining. All (...) diet, aerobic exercise, and breast and testicular self-examinations. The control intervention will focus on reducing risk of heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and certain cancers. The intervention provides a control for "Hawthorne effects" to reduce the likelihood that the HIV/STD interventions' effects can be attributed to group interaction and special attention. Other Name: Chronic disease prevention intervention Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Self-report of Ever Having

2008 Clinical Trials

130. A brief intervention designed to increase breast cancer self-screening. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A brief intervention designed to increase breast cancer self-screening. To assess the efficacy of an intervention designed to increase appropriate use of breast self-examination (BSE).Two-armed randomized clinical trial of cancer-control interventions in women that compared a BSE intervention program to a dietary intervention, which served as the control group. The study was conducted at a large health maintenance organization in Portland, Oregon. Participants were 616 female members (...) be modified to target other screening practices (e.g., skin or testicular cancer screening) that are associated with reduced cancer morbidity and mortality.

2009 American journal of health promotion : AJHP Controlled trial quality: uncertain

131. Compliance with recommended cancer screening among emergency department patients: a multicenter survey. (Abstract)

= 85% to 96%) of women aged > or = 40 years reported clinical breast examinations, and 88% (95% CI = 81% to 94%) of women aged > or = 40 years reported mammography. Fifty-one percent (95% CI = 40% to 61%) of men aged 18-39 years reported testicular self-examinations, and among men aged > or = 40 years, 79% (95% CI = 69% to 87%) reported digital rectal examinations (DREs) and 51% (95% CI = 40% to 61%) reported prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing. Racial and ethnic minorities reported slightly (...) , testicular, and prostate cancer screening were measured. The chi-square test was used test to evaluate associations between demographic variables and cancer screening compliance.The authors enrolled 387 patients (81% of those eligible). The participants had a mean (+/- standard deviation) age of 44 (+/-18) years and were 52% female, 16% Hispanic, and 65% white. Sixty-seven percent (95% confidence interval [CI] = 60% to 73%) of all women reported Pap smear examinations in the past 3 years, 92% (95% CI

2008 Academic Emergency Medicine

132. Cancer screening practices of adult survivors of retinoblastoma at risk of second cancers. Full Text available with Trip Pro

survivors of childhood cancer and the general population. The prevalence of breast self-examination, clinical breast examination, mammography, Papanicolaou (Pap) test, testicular self-examination, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scanning was determined from computer-aided telephone interviews with 836 retinoblastoma survivors aged >18 years.Among female survivors, 87% had a Pap test within the past 2 years, and 76% of females age >40 years reported having a mammogram (...) within the past 2 years; 17.4% of male survivors had performed monthly testicular self-examinations. A significantly higher proportion of hereditary compared with nonhereditary survivors reported having undergone an MRI or CT scan in the past 5 years. Higher education, greater contact with the medical care system, and having a second cancer were found to be associated positively with most screening practices. Cancer screening practices reported by retinoblastoma survivors were similar to national

2008 Cancer

133. Cancer Risk in Male Factor-infertility. (Abstract)

cancer and trained in testicular self-examination. (...) Cancer Risk in Male Factor-infertility. Severe forms of male-factor infertility are associated with an increased risk of testicular cancer and scrotal ultrasonography is widely used for diagnosis. In this study, 2172 male members of infertile couples referred to our Reproductive Medicine Unit were submitted to scrotal ultrasonography and 835 selected patients had been followed during a 2-year period. Eight out of nine neoplastic nodules found at the initial examination were unpalpable

2008 Placenta

134. Undescended and Maldescended Testes

. [ ] There is a history of cryptorchidism in 5-10% of . Prepubertal orchidopexy for cryptorchidism may be associated with a lower risk of testicular cancer. Orchidopexy facilitates testicular self-examination. Cosmetic appearance Surgical transfer of the testis into the scrotum produces a better cosmetic appearance. Prostheses may be used if the testis is removed. Prostheses should be implanted during adolescence. Prevention of complications The National Screening Committee Policy - 'cryptorchidism screening (...) evidence, UK and European Guidelines. You may find the article more useful, or one of our other . In this article In This Article Undescended and Maldescended Testes In this article Normal testicular development in utero begins along the mesodermal ridge of the posterior abdominal wall. By 28 weeks, the right and left testes reach their respective inguinal canals and, by 28-40 weeks, each testis has usually reached the scrotum. Classification An undescended testis is a testis that is absent from

2008 Mentor

135. Lumps in the Groin and Scrotum

to be considered. Hydroceles: In infants, these usually resolve spontaneously. Hydroceles occurring in adults may be secondary to testicular tumour or infection and should be investigated - request urgent ultrasound for hydrocele in men aged 20-40 years. [ ] Prevention Testicular cancer may present as a painless testicular swelling, and is often curable if treated early. Testicular self-examination may have a role in the early detection of testicular cancer. As for any lump, early consultation for testicular (...) , , . Nontender nodes. Femoral hernia. . Vascular: . (varicosity of saphenous vein at the junction with the femoral vein). Scrotal lumps [ ] Painful lumps: . Torsion of a testicular or epididymal appendage. . . Haematocele/haematoma. Painless lumps: Inguinal hernia (may sometimes be painful). . . Spermatocele (feels similar to epididymal cyst but is filled with semen). . . Skin swellings (as for groin lumps). Less common causes of scrotal swelling include: Idiopathic scrotal oedema (mainly children

2008 Mentor

136. Elective cancer education: how effective from the public health viewpoint? Full Text available with Trip Pro

cent of men. Breast self-examination was initiated by 36 per cent of previous nonperformers: and testicular self-examination, by 23 per cent.

1987 American Journal of Public Health

137. Cancer of the testicle: an educational problem. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cancer of the testicle: an educational problem. 1805809 1991 06 24 2018 11 13 0960-1643 41 343 1991 Feb The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Cancer of the testicle: an educational problem. 81 Pendered L L eng Letter England Br J Gen Pract 9005323 0960-1643 IM Br J Gen Pract. 1991 Jul;41(348):305 1684113 Adult Awareness Female Health Education Humans Male Self-Examination Testicular Neoplasms prevention & control 1991

1991 The British Journal of General Practice

138. Evaluation of an educational intervention to increase health promotion by residents. (Abstract)

Evaluation of an educational intervention to increase health promotion by residents. Preventive health practices known to benefit the general public include aerobic exercise, seat belt use, and self-examination for breast or testicular cancer. Unfortunately, none of these practices is universally promoted by physicians, nor are they widely practiced by patients. To assess whether residents who received a packet of printed material on these four health-related practices and had a 5- to 15-minute

1988 Journal of medical education

139. Multi-component behavioral intervention to promote health protective behaviors in childhood cancer survivors: the protect study. (Abstract)

to diagnosis, gender, race, and age. The change in outcome measures over the year (T(1)-T(0)) was not significantly different between the two groups as assessed by a two-sample pooled t test. However, additional exploratory analyses indicated a significant gender difference in knowledge with female survivors in the intervention group having higher scores. In addition, patients who choose certain individual health goals, such as breast/testicular self-examination, showed improved practice of the health

2002 Medical and pediatric oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

140. The cancer screening practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

-examination (BSE) regularly, 78.2% reported undergoing a Papanicolaou smear within the previous 3 years, 62.4% underwent a clinical breast examination (CBE) within the last year, and 20.9% had gotten a mammogram at least once in their lifetime. Approximately 17.4% of male respondents reported performing regular testicular self-examination (TSE). Women age > or =30 years who had been exposed to chest or mantle radiation therapy were more likely to report undergoing CBE (odds ratio [OR], 1.59; 95 (...) The cancer screening practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. The current study characterized the self-reported cancer screening practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer.A cohort of 9434 long-term survivors of childhood cancer and a comparison group of 2667 siblings completed a 289-item survey that included items regarding cancer-screening practices.Overall, 27.3% of female respondents reported performing breast self

2004 Cancer

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