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Testicular Self-Exam

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121. Effectiveness of an Abstinence-Only HIV/Sexually Transmitted Disease Risk-Reduction Intervention for Young African-American Adolescents

, and skill for avoiding cigarette smoking and for incorporating a healthful diet, aerobic exercise, and breast and testicular self-examinations. The control intervention will focus on reducing risk of heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and certain cancers. Sessions for all groups will be led by trained adult facilitators and will include group discussions, videos, games, brainstorming, experiential exercises, and skill-building activities designed to be educational, interactive, and entertaining. All (...) diet, aerobic exercise, and breast and testicular self-examinations. The control intervention will focus on reducing risk of heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and certain cancers. The intervention provides a control for "Hawthorne effects" to reduce the likelihood that the HIV/STD interventions' effects can be attributed to group interaction and special attention. Other Name: Chronic disease prevention intervention Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Self-report of Ever Having

2008 Clinical Trials

122. Cancer screening practices of adult survivors of retinoblastoma at risk of second cancers. Full Text available with Trip Pro

survivors of childhood cancer and the general population. The prevalence of breast self-examination, clinical breast examination, mammography, Papanicolaou (Pap) test, testicular self-examination, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scanning was determined from computer-aided telephone interviews with 836 retinoblastoma survivors aged >18 years.Among female survivors, 87% had a Pap test within the past 2 years, and 76% of females age >40 years reported having a mammogram (...) within the past 2 years; 17.4% of male survivors had performed monthly testicular self-examinations. A significantly higher proportion of hereditary compared with nonhereditary survivors reported having undergone an MRI or CT scan in the past 5 years. Higher education, greater contact with the medical care system, and having a second cancer were found to be associated positively with most screening practices. Cancer screening practices reported by retinoblastoma survivors were similar to national

2008 Cancer

123. Compliance with recommended cancer screening among emergency department patients: a multicenter survey. (Abstract)

= 85% to 96%) of women aged > or = 40 years reported clinical breast examinations, and 88% (95% CI = 81% to 94%) of women aged > or = 40 years reported mammography. Fifty-one percent (95% CI = 40% to 61%) of men aged 18-39 years reported testicular self-examinations, and among men aged > or = 40 years, 79% (95% CI = 69% to 87%) reported digital rectal examinations (DREs) and 51% (95% CI = 40% to 61%) reported prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing. Racial and ethnic minorities reported slightly (...) , testicular, and prostate cancer screening were measured. The chi-square test was used test to evaluate associations between demographic variables and cancer screening compliance.The authors enrolled 387 patients (81% of those eligible). The participants had a mean (+/- standard deviation) age of 44 (+/-18) years and were 52% female, 16% Hispanic, and 65% white. Sixty-seven percent (95% confidence interval [CI] = 60% to 73%) of all women reported Pap smear examinations in the past 3 years, 92% (95% CI

2008 Academic Emergency Medicine

124. Cancer Risk in Male Factor-infertility. (Abstract)

cancer and trained in testicular self-examination. (...) Cancer Risk in Male Factor-infertility. Severe forms of male-factor infertility are associated with an increased risk of testicular cancer and scrotal ultrasonography is widely used for diagnosis. In this study, 2172 male members of infertile couples referred to our Reproductive Medicine Unit were submitted to scrotal ultrasonography and 835 selected patients had been followed during a 2-year period. Eight out of nine neoplastic nodules found at the initial examination were unpalpable

2008 Placenta

125. The cancer screening practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. (Abstract)

-examination (BSE) regularly, 78.2% reported undergoing a Papanicolaou smear within the previous 3 years, 62.4% underwent a clinical breast examination (CBE) within the last year, and 20.9% had gotten a mammogram at least once in their lifetime. Approximately 17.4% of male respondents reported performing regular testicular self-examination (TSE). Women age > or =30 years who had been exposed to chest or mantle radiation therapy were more likely to report undergoing CBE (odds ratio [OR], 1.59; 95 (...) The cancer screening practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. The current study characterized the self-reported cancer screening practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer.A cohort of 9434 long-term survivors of childhood cancer and a comparison group of 2667 siblings completed a 289-item survey that included items regarding cancer-screening practices.Overall, 27.3% of female respondents reported performing breast self

2004 Cancer

126. Lumps in the Groin and Scrotum

to be considered. Hydroceles: In infants, these usually resolve spontaneously. Hydroceles occurring in adults may be secondary to testicular tumour or infection and should be investigated - request urgent ultrasound for hydrocele in men aged 20-40 years. [ ] Prevention Testicular cancer may present as a painless testicular swelling, and is often curable if treated early. Testicular self-examination may have a role in the early detection of testicular cancer. As for any lump, early consultation for testicular (...) , , . Nontender nodes. Femoral hernia. . Vascular: . (varicosity of saphenous vein at the junction with the femoral vein). Scrotal lumps [ ] Painful lumps: . Torsion of a testicular or epididymal appendage. . . Haematocele/haematoma. Painless lumps: Inguinal hernia (may sometimes be painful). . . Spermatocele (feels similar to epididymal cyst but is filled with semen). . . Skin swellings (as for groin lumps). Less common causes of scrotal swelling include: Idiopathic scrotal oedema (mainly children

2008 Mentor

127. Undescended and Maldescended Testes

. [ ] There is a history of cryptorchidism in 5-10% of . Prepubertal orchidopexy for cryptorchidism may be associated with a lower risk of testicular cancer. Orchidopexy facilitates testicular self-examination. Cosmetic appearance Surgical transfer of the testis into the scrotum produces a better cosmetic appearance. Prostheses may be used if the testis is removed. Prostheses should be implanted during adolescence. Prevention of complications The National Screening Committee Policy - 'cryptorchidism screening (...) evidence, UK and European Guidelines. You may find the article more useful, or one of our other . In this article In This Article Undescended and Maldescended Testes In this article Normal testicular development in utero begins along the mesodermal ridge of the posterior abdominal wall. By 28 weeks, the right and left testes reach their respective inguinal canals and, by 28-40 weeks, each testis has usually reached the scrotum. Classification An undescended testis is a testis that is absent from

2008 Mentor

128. Evaluation of an educational intervention to increase health promotion by residents. (Abstract)

Evaluation of an educational intervention to increase health promotion by residents. Preventive health practices known to benefit the general public include aerobic exercise, seat belt use, and self-examination for breast or testicular cancer. Unfortunately, none of these practices is universally promoted by physicians, nor are they widely practiced by patients. To assess whether residents who received a packet of printed material on these four health-related practices and had a 5- to 15-minute

1988 Journal of medical education

129. Cancer of the testicle: an educational problem. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cancer of the testicle: an educational problem. 1805809 1991 06 24 2018 11 13 0960-1643 41 343 1991 Feb The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Cancer of the testicle: an educational problem. 81 Pendered L L eng Letter England Br J Gen Pract 9005323 0960-1643 IM Br J Gen Pract. 1991 Jul;41(348):305 1684113 Adult Awareness Female Health Education Humans Male Self-Examination Testicular Neoplasms prevention & control 1991

1991 The British Journal of General Practice

130. Elective cancer education: how effective from the public health viewpoint? Full Text available with Trip Pro

cent of men. Breast self-examination was initiated by 36 per cent of previous nonperformers: and testicular self-examination, by 23 per cent.

1987 American Journal of Public Health

131. Multi-component behavioral intervention to promote health protective behaviors in childhood cancer survivors: the protect study. (Abstract)

to diagnosis, gender, race, and age. The change in outcome measures over the year (T(1)-T(0)) was not significantly different between the two groups as assessed by a two-sample pooled t test. However, additional exploratory analyses indicated a significant gender difference in knowledge with female survivors in the intervention group having higher scores. In addition, patients who choose certain individual health goals, such as breast/testicular self-examination, showed improved practice of the health

2002 Medical and pediatric oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

132. Delay in the diagnosis of testicular tumours - changes over the past 18 years. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to diagnosis.Patient performance has improved over the past 18 years. The data lends support to the effectiveness of national health education initiatives aimed at increasing public awareness and self-examination. GPs performed well in this study, assessing and referring men appropriately and urgently into secondary care. (...) Delay in the diagnosis of testicular tumours - changes over the past 18 years. Delay in the diagnosis of testicular cancer is associated with greater morbidity and poorer prognosis. While the national agenda relates to reducing time to referral and diagnostic delay, delay in presentation has previously been recognised as a major cause of delay in the diagnosis of this patient group.To evaluate changes in referral times and patient awareness among men with testicular cancer in Yorkshire over

2004 British Journal of General Practice

133. A 5-Year Followup Study of Asymptomatic Men With Testicular Microlithiasis. (Abstract)

than 6 echogenic signals found on ultrasound. We identified 84 patients with testicular microlithiasis (5.6%). These men were entered into the followup phase of the study and instructed regarding testicular self-examination and the need for followup. They were told to report any changes in their examination or a finding of testicular mass or cancer. Five years after the initial screening study we attempted to contact all remaining 84 men by e-mail, standard mail and telephone.Of the original 84 men (...) %) during a 5-year followup interval. We believe that an intensive screening program for men with testicular microlithiasis is not cost-effective and would do little to improve outcomes associated with testicular cancer. We continue to recommend testicular self-examination in men at risk.

2008 Journal of Urology

134. Incidental testicular cancers that subsequently developed in oligozoospermic and azoospermic patients: report of three cases. (Abstract)

, and 1-197 months (median, 99 mo) for azoospermia. We subsequently found three testicular cancers that had developed among severely oligozoospermic and azoospermic patients. The period from the claim of sterility to developing testicular cancers varied from 4 to 14 years (median, 9 y).These results indicate that severe semen abnormality may be a risk factor in developing testicular cancers. Self-examination of the testes could be used as an alternative or supplement to physical examination (...) Incidental testicular cancers that subsequently developed in oligozoospermic and azoospermic patients: report of three cases. To examine whether infertile men with poor semen count subsequently developed testicular cancers and to describe their clinical presentation.We reviewed 460 male patients with abnormal semen counts between 1989 and 2004.University hospital.Infertile men who developed testicular cancers after assisted reproductive technologies (ART).Description of patient characteristics

2007 Fertility and Sterility

135. Testicular Microlithiasis Preceding Metastatic Mixed Germ Cell Tumor-First Pediatric Report and Recommended Management of Testicular Microlithiasis in the Pediatric Population. (Abstract)

semiannual visits and was detected by self-examination. Chest imaging revealed 2 lung lesions, and the beta-human chorionic gonadotropin level was elevated at presentation. Because of the particular nature of healthcare surveillance in the pediatric population, we recommend annual surveillance of boys with testicular microlithiasis, including physical examination, repeated instruction regarding self-examination, and ultrasonography. (...) Testicular Microlithiasis Preceding Metastatic Mixed Germ Cell Tumor-First Pediatric Report and Recommended Management of Testicular Microlithiasis in the Pediatric Population. Testicular microlithiasis is a condition that has been associated with testis cancer in men and boys. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who developed metastatic mixed germ cell testicular tumor in the setting of testicular microlithiasis detected by previous ultrasonography. The tumor developed in between

2008 Urology

136. What benefit testicular self-examination? Full Text available with Trip Pro

What benefit testicular self-examination? 15006129 2004 07 12 2008 11 20 0960-1643 54 500 2004 Mar The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract What benefit testicular self-examination? 214; author reply 214-5 Hopcroft Keith K Martin Chris C Moulds Alistair A eng Comment Letter England Br J Gen Pract 9005323 0960-1643 IM Br J Gen Pract. 2004 Jan;54(498):25-32 14965403 Humans Male Self-Examination psychology Testicular

2004 The British Journal of General Practice

137. Testicular cancer awareness and self-examination among adolescent males in a community-based youth organization. (Abstract)

Testicular cancer awareness and self-examination among adolescent males in a community-based youth organization. Testicular cancer (TC) is the most common neoplasm affecting males between 15 and 35, and testicular self-examination (TSE) has been recommended for early detection. Studies have found that young adult men have poor awareness of TC and low rates of performing TSE, but little research has examined adolescents.In a comprehensive survey of health behaviors among adolescent boys (n = 213

2005 Preventive Medicine

138. Encouraging young males to perform testicular self-examination: a simple, but effective, implementation intentions intervention. (Abstract)

Encouraging young males to perform testicular self-examination: a simple, but effective, implementation intentions intervention. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a simple psychological intervention known as 'implementation intentions' to promote performance of testicular self-examination (TSE) in a sample of young males.A prospective, randomized controlled design measured knowledge of testicular cancer, prior experience with TSE and intention to perform TSE within (...) age group for testicular cancer. Just under half the original participants (76/159) completed the study. We measured performance of TSE and future intention to perform TSE.Responders and non-responders did not differ on any of the measures assessed at Time 1. At Time 2, 30 (65%) participants in the intervention reported performing TSE compared with 12 (40%) in the control condition, and chi-squared analyses revealed that the difference was significant.The implementation intentions intervention

2004 British journal of health psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

139. Skin self-examination in patients at high risk for melanoma: a pilot study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

in health care has become a dominant theme in the cancer education literature in recent years. With this new emphasis, important self-care activities, such as testicular self-examination, breast self-examination, and now SSE, are being stressed because early detection has shown favorable effects in improving the prognosis of cancer. (...) Skin self-examination in patients at high risk for melanoma: a pilot study. To compare the effect of providing high-risk patients with standard brochures versus personalized photo books as part of a comprehensive nursing intervention on knowledge, awareness, and confidence with skin self-examination (SSE) performance, as well as compliance in performing SSE.Randomized intervention design.The Lawrence E. Rockefeller Ambulatory Outpatient Cancer Center at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

2003 Oncology nursing forum Controlled trial quality: uncertain

140. Knowledge of testicular self-exam. (Abstract)

Knowledge of testicular self-exam. 9019678 1997 02 11 2015 11 19 0361-1817 20 8 1995 Aug The Nurse practitioner Nurse Pract Knowledge of testicular self-exam. 10-2 Schaffner R J RJ eng Clinical Trial Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial United States Nurse Pract 7603663 0361-1817 IM N Adult American Cancer Society Health Education Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Humans Male Middle Aged Practice Patterns, Physicians' Prospective Studies Self-Examination Testicular Neoplasms

1997 The Nurse practitioner Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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