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Testicular Self-Exam

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41. Male Infertility

al. Comparison of microdissection testicular sperm extraction, conventional testicular sperm extraction, and testicular sperm aspiration for nonobstructive azoospermia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Fertil Steril, 2015. 104: 1099. 21. Deruyver, Y., et al. Outcome of microdissection TESE compared with conventional TESE in non-obstructive azoospermia: a systematic review. Andrology, 2014. 2: 20. 22. Marconi, M., et al. Combined trifocal and microsurgical testicular sperm extraction (...) is the best technique for testicular sperm retrieval in “low-chance” nonobstructive azoospermia. Eur Urol, 2012. 62: 713. 23. Schlegel, P.N. Testicular sperm extraction: microdissection improves sperm yield with minimal tissue excision. Hum Reprod, 1999. 14: 131. 24. Schwarzer, J.U., et al. No relationship between biopsy sites near the main testicular vessels or rete testis and successful sperm retrieval using conventional or microdissection biopsies in 220 non-obstructive azoospermic men. Asian J Androl

2018 European Association of Urology

42. An update to the Greig Health Record: Preventive health care visits for children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years ? Technical report

, complications and death as well as for disease transmission. Pregnancy Pregnant teens also require specific counselling and screening, the details of which are beyond the scope of this document. A summary of the evidence-based recommendations is available from the American Academy of Family Physicians. - Breast and testicular routine or self-examination not recommended Teaching breast self-examination or routine clinical breast examination to adults 40 to 70 years of age is not recommended. There is fair (...) evidence of no benefit and good evidence of harm in the form of increased physician visits and benign biopsy results. For women under 40 years of age, there is little evidence on which to base a recommendation; however the very low incidence of breast cancer in this age group makes the net risk of harm more likely. There is evidence to recommend against counselling for testicular self-examination or routine clinical examination in individuals of average risk, in light of the low incidence of testicular

2016 Canadian Paediatric Society

43. Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

SEER data, conditional relative survival up to 25 years after diagnosis was studied in a cohort of adolescent and young adult patients (N = 205,954) diagnosed with a first malignant cancer (thyroid, melanoma, testicular, breast, lymphoma, leukemia, and central nervous system [CNS] tumors). For all cancer types combined, among individuals who survived up to 5 years, subsequent 5-year relative survival exceeded 95% by 7 years after diagnosis. According to this study, most adolescent and young adult

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

45. Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Patient Version

or anything else that seems unusual. It is suggested that women treated with a higher dose of radiation therapy to the chest do a monthly breast self-exam beginning at until age 25 years. Women who were treated with a lower dose of radiation to the chest may not need to begin checking for breast cancer at puberty. Talk to your doctor about when you should begin breast self-exams. (CBE) : An exam of the breast by a doctor or other health professional. The doctor will carefully feel the breasts and under

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

46. Breast Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

; however, there is still insufficient evidence to conclude a mortality benefit.[ - ] Breast self-exam has been shown to have no mortality benefit. No results have been published on the outcomes of incidence or mortality for CBE. Technologies such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and molecular breast imaging are being evaluated, usually as adjuncts to mammography, and are not primary screening tools in the average population. Informed medical decision making is increasingly recommended (...) : Descriptive, population based. Internal and External Validity : Good. Consistency : Fair. Breast Self-Examination (BSE) Benefits BSE has been compared with no screening and has been shown to have no benefit in reducing breast cancer mortality. Magnitude of Effect : No effect.[ , ] Study Design : Two RCTs. Internal Validity and Consistency : Fair. External Validity : Poor. Harms There is solid evidence that formal instruction and encouragement to perform BSE leads to more breast biopsies and more diagnoses

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

47. Skin Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

, including both self-examination and clinical examination. Benefits The evidence is inadequate to determine whether visual examination of the skin in asymptomatic individuals leads to a reduction in mortality from melanomatous skin cancer. Further, in asymptomatic populations, the effect of visual skin examination on mortality from nonmelanomatous skin cancers is unknown. Magnitude of Effect : Unknown. Study Design : Direct evidence limited to a single ecologic study. Internal Validity : Poor (...) aged 50 years and older; however, data from the same time period indicate that incidence rates stabilized in individuals younger than 50 years.[ ] From 2007 to 2016, mortality rates declined by about 2% per year in individuals aged 50 years and older and declined by about 4% per year in individuals younger than 50 years.[ ] The long-term rise in incidence rates is caused, at least in part, by screening in clinical settings and self-examination resulting from campaigns to increase skin cancer

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

48. Male Infertility

for detection of CIS. The list of high-risk patients includes men with infertility and bilateral TM, atrophic testes, undescended testes, a history of TGCT, and contralateral TM [231]. 3K.4 Recommendations for germ cell malignancy and testicular microcalcification Recommendations GR As for all men, patients with TM and without special risk factors (see below) should be encouraged to perform self-examination because this might result in early detection of TGCT. B Testicular biopsy should be offered to men (...) Diagnostic evaluation 7 3A.2.1 Semen analysis 7 3A.2.1.1 Frequency of semen analysis 8 3A.2.2 Recommendations for the diagnostic evaluation of male infertility 8 3B PRIMARY SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 8 3B.1 Aetiology 8 3B.2 Diagnostic evaluation 9 3B.2.1 Semen analysis 9 3B.2.2 Hormonal determinations 9 3B.2.3 Testicular biopsy 9 3B.3 Conclusions and recommendations for testicular deficiency 10 3C GENETIC DISORDERS IN INFERTILITY 10 3C.1 Chromosomal abnormalities 10 3C.1.1 Sex chromosome abnormalities

2015 European Association of Urology

49. Genetic Testing and Management of Hereditary Gastrointestinal Cancer Syndromes

reports have not demonstrated this consistently ( 55,75 ). In two recent studies the relative risk of prostate cancer Table 7 . Continued Cancer site General population risk a Syndrome risk Average age of diagnosis (years) References Testicular (Sertoli cell tumor) 10 cumulative colorectal adenomas, a family history of one of the adeno- matous polyposis syndromes, or a history of adenomas and FAP-type extracolonic manifestations (duodenal/ampullary adenomas, desmoid tumors (abdominal>peripheral

2015 American College of Gastroenterology

50. A Gender-based Comparison in Health Behaviors and State of Happiness among University Students Full Text available with Trip Pro

. The health questionnaire, adapted from Health and Behavior Survey and the Subjective Happiness Scale, was used to assess self-reported happiness. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 22. Results Overall self-reported health behaviors were found to be more prevalent in females as compared to males, but males reported a better self-reported general health (p = 0.012). Testicular and breast self-examination was not common in both genders. Smoking was found to be more common in males (p < 0.01

2018 Cureus

51. Evaluation and Treatment of Cryptorchidism

) Patient Safety and Quality of Care Accreditations and Reporting Patient Education Evaluation and Treatment of Cryptorchidism (2014) Published 2014 Cryptorchidism or undescended testis (UDT) is one of the most common pediatric disorders of the male endocrine glands and the most common genital disorder identified at birth. This clinical guideline discusses diagnosis and treatment to prevent future risks, including impairment of fertility potential, testicular malignancy, torsion and/or associated (...) increased risks of impairment of fertility potential, testicular malignancy, torsion and/or associated inguinal hernia. Cryptorchidism has evolved significantly over the past half century, with respect to both diagnosis and treatment. The current standard of therapy in the United States is orchidopexy (also referred to as orchiopexy in the literature), or surgical repositioning of the testis within the scrotal sac, while hormonal therapy has fewer advocates. Successful scrotal relocation of the testis

2014 American Urological Association

52. The male reproductive system. An overview of common problems

testicular cancer. there is no evidence from randomised controlled trials – and it is unlikely that such trials could ever be designed – to prove that regular testicular self examination reduces mortality. A recent cancer council Australia position statement recommends that men become aware of the health of their testicles, and encourages men with testicular lumps to present early for medical assessment. 9 it does not recommend encouraging testicular self examination. 9 it stands to reason that early (...) system, and outlines current treatment options. Discussion Erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, loss of libido, testicular cancer and prostate disease may cause embarrassment to the patient and, occasionally, the general practitioner. We describe how patients affected by these conditions may present to general practice, and discuss the reasons why they may not present. We also discuss how GPs can overcome difficulties in identifying and dealing with their male patients suffering from male

2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

53. HIV/STI Prevention Among Black Adolescents With Mental Illnesses (Project GOLD)

: General Health Control Intervention Two-session, small group general health promotion intervention. Behavioral: General Health Control Intervention The original Promoting Health among Teens (PHAT) Project was designed to increase knowledge and motivation regarding healthful dietary practices, aerobic exercise, and breast and testicular self-examination, and to discourage cigarette smoking. The 8-hour, 2-session PHAT intervention was shortened to mirror the Project GOLD HIV/STI risk reduction

2017 Clinical Trials

54. Preserving Patient Dignity (Formerly: Patient Modesty):Volume 104

to the article, suppose you were a sixteen year old male's female physician, first visit, and he insisted that you, the physician, examine his testicles for tumor even without presenting any history of abnormalities on self-examination and without any genital symptoms or family history of cancer. The appointment was for a "sore throat". By the way, his parents are present in the waiting room. I am just curious how my visitors here would interpret the request and what would be your final response (...) . -- Banterings At , said... 58flyer, I would say that the nurse's response to your penile erection was unprofessional (it is NOT her responsibility to attempt to terminate an erection by distraction or some "reflex" caused by intentional testicular pain.) This action on her part demonstrates her insecurity. She should have continued on without concern or asked you if you would rather clean your genitalia on your own. Attacking the patient sounds criminal! ..Maurice. At , Anonymous said... Maurice Assaulting

2019 Bioethics Discussion Blog

55. Pre-participation Exam

and ankle (unstable) (Recurrent dislocation) Assess elbow stability Painful disease IX. Exam: Neurologic Gross coordination X. Exam: Genitourinary Male s Single unpaired ( ) Testicular Masses Tanner stage See in Boys Discuss Self- exam peak in age 18-35 years XI. Exam: Genitourinary Female No longer done routinely with now Schedule separate gynecologic exam if indicated Ask about ( ) or Menstrual dating See in Girls XII. References Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images

2018 FP Notebook

56. Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

, conditional relative survival up to 25 years after diagnosis was studied in a cohort of adolescent and young adult patients (N = 205,954) diagnosed with a first malignant cancer (thyroid, melanoma, testicular, breast, lymphoma, leukemia, and central nervous system [CNS] tumors). For all cancer types combined, among individuals who survived up to 5 years, subsequent 5-year relative survival exceeded 95% by 7 years after diagnosis. According to this study, most adolescent and young adult cancer patients who

2016 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

57. Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer (PDQ®): Patient Version

for lumps or anything else that seems unusual. It is suggested that women treated with a higher dose of radiation therapy to the chest do a monthly breast self-exam beginning at until age 25 years. Women who were treated with a lower dose of radiation to the chest may not need to begin checking for breast cancer at puberty. Talk to your doctor about when you should begin breast self-exams. (CBE) : An exam of the breast by a doctor or other health professional. The doctor will carefully feel the breasts

2016 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

58. Skin Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

, including both self-examination and clinical examination. Benefits The evidence is inadequate to determine whether visual examination of the skin in asymptomatic individuals leads to a reduction in mortality from melanomatous skin cancer. Further, in asymptomatic populations, the effect of visual skin examination on mortality from nonmelanomatous skin cancers is unknown. Magnitude of Effect : Unknown. Study Design : Direct evidence limited to a single ecologic study. Internal Validity : Poor (...) adults aged 50 years and older; however, data from the same time period indicate that incidence rates decreased by 1.2% per year in individuals younger than 50 years.[ ] From 2013 to 2017, mortality rates declined by 5.7% per year in individuals aged 50 years and older and declined by 7.0% per year in individuals younger than 50 years.[ ] The long-term rise in incidence rates is caused, at least in part, by screening in clinical settings and self-examination resulting from campaigns to increase skin

2016 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

60. Breast Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

, there is still insufficient evidence to conclude a mortality benefit.[ - ] Breast self-exam has been shown to have no mortality benefit. No results have been published on the outcomes of incidence or mortality for CBE. Technologies such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and molecular breast imaging are being evaluated, usually as adjuncts to mammography, and are not primary screening tools in the average population. Informed medical decision making is increasingly recommended for individuals who (...) , population based. Internal and External Validity : Good. Consistency : Fair. Breast Self-Examination (BSE) Benefits BSE has been compared with no screening and has been shown to have no benefit in reducing breast cancer mortality. Magnitude of Effect : No effect.[ , ] Study Design : Two RCTs. Internal Validity and Consistency : Fair. External Validity : Poor. Harms There is solid evidence that formal instruction and encouragement to perform BSE leads to more breast biopsies and more diagnoses of benign

2016 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

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