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Testicular Self-Exam

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21. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Benign Testicular Disorders in the Educated Young Men of Pakistan Full Text available with Trip Pro

that BTDs can cause fertility problems while one-third of them would not perform testicular self-examination (TSE) in case of pain or swelling in the scrotal region (n = 119, 29.8). The level of education and age were significantly associated with the knowledge regarding symptoms and types of BTDs. Conclusion Knowledge of BTDs and practices of TSE in the young educated men of Karachi are alarmingly poor. Therefore, there is an urgent need to create awareness at all levels using different strategies (...) Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Benign Testicular Disorders in the Educated Young Men of Pakistan Background It has been seen that despite the increasing incidence of benign testicular disorders (BTDs), little work has been done towards its awareness among the male populace. Also, the trend of not seeking help in this regard is concerning. In this study, we aim to better perceive the level of understanding and common practices regarding BTDs among educated young men. Methods A cross

2017 Cureus

22. Screening for testicular cancer. (Abstract)

of testicular cancer and favourable outcomes in the absence of screening.The primary objective of this review is to determine whether screening for testicular cancer (physician or patient self-examination) reduces testicular cancer-specific mortality. The secondary objective of this review is to determine impact of screening for testicular cancer on quality of life and adverse outcomes.Electronic searches were conducted across MEDLINE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL (...) Screening for testicular cancer. Testicular cancer commonly affects men aged between 20 and 35 years. Screening for testicular cancer may reduce both morbidity and mortality, yet the effectiveness of any method is unknown. Equally, screening may also promote treatment procedures that are unwarranted or may adversely affect the health outcomes of the patient with no net benefit. Additionally, many organisations recommend against screening for testicular cancer due to the low incidence

2011 Cochrane

23. Management of adult testicular germ cell tumours

Management of adult testicular germ cell tumours Management of adult testicular germ cell tumours A national clinical guideline March 2011 124 Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network Part of NHS Quality Improvement Scotland SIGN Help us to improve SIGN guidelines - click here to complete our survey KEY TO EVIDENCE STATEMENTS AND GRADES OF RECOMMENDATIONS LEVELS OF EVIDENCE 1 ++ High quality meta-analyses, systematic reviews of RCTs, or RCTs with a very low risk of bias 1 + Well conducted (...) to ensure that this publication is correct in every detail at the time of publication. However, in the event of errors or omissions corrections will be published in the web version of this document, which is the definitive version at all times. This version can be found on our web site www.sign.ac.uk. This document is produced from elemental chlorine-free material and is sourced from sustainable forests.Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network Management of adult testicular germ cell tumours

2011 SIGN

24. Testicular Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

in clinical benefit, and the positive predictive value is likely to be lower in the target population of asymptomatic men in the screening setting. Most testicular cancers are first detected by the patient, either unintentionally or by self-examination. Some are discovered by routine physical examination. However, no studies have been done to determine the effectiveness of testicular self-examination or clinical testicular examination in reducing mortality from testicular cancer. An updated systematic (...) review performed on behalf of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, published in 2010, found no randomized trials, cohort studies, or case-control studies that examined benefits of testicular cancer screening (whether by physical examination, self-examination, or other screening tests) in an asymptomatic population.[ ] Likewise, a systematic Cochrane Collaboration review found no randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effectiveness of screening by a health professional

2016 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

25. Testicular Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

Testicular Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version Testicular Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) - PDQ Cancer Information Summaries - NCBI Bookshelf Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function. Search database Search term Search NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Cancer Institute (US); 2002-. PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet]. Bethesda (MD (...) ): ; 2002-. Search term Testicular Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Health Professional Version PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board . Published online: December 17, 2019. This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about the treatment of testicular cancer. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist clinicians who care for cancer patients. It does not provide formal guidelines or recommendations for making health care

2016 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

26. Males’ Awareness of Benign Testicular Disorders: An Integrative Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and PubMed) were thoroughly searched and four articles met the review inclusion criteria. The quality of the included studies was appraised and data were extracted and cross-checked using a standardized data extraction table. It was determined that participants lacked education about testicular self-examination and scrotal signs and symptoms which contributed to their lack of awareness of BTD. Help seeking in the event of scrotal abnormalities was suboptimal which is alarming given (...) Males’ Awareness of Benign Testicular Disorders: An Integrative Review Disorders that affect the testes can range from painless and benign to debilitating and life threatening. Despite the availability of literature on the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of benign testicular disorders (BTD), very little is known about men's awareness of these conditions. The aim of this review was to extract and analyze evidence from studies that explored males' awareness of BTD. Four e-databases (CINAHL

2016 American journal of men's health

27. From ‘D’ to ‘I’: A critique of the current United States preventive services task force recommendation for testicular cancer screening Full Text available with Trip Pro

From ‘D’ to ‘I’: A critique of the current United States preventive services task force recommendation for testicular cancer screening In 2004, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) gave testicular cancer (TCa) screening a 'D' recommendation, discouraging the use of this preventive service. The USPSTF suggested that screening, inclusive of testicular self-examination (TSE) and clinician examination, does not reduce TCa mortality rates and that the high risk of false

2016 Preventive medicine reports

28. Developing the “Control Identity” Typology to Create More Effective Testicular Health Promotional Messaging Full Text available with Trip Pro

Developing the “Control Identity” Typology to Create More Effective Testicular Health Promotional Messaging Testicular self-examination (TSE) promotional interventions historically operate without a theoretical framework, which negatively influences their effectiveness. As TSE is critical to the early detection of testicular cancer, this behavior is an essential component to improving overall male well-being. To address this need, the Control Identity personality typology was developed

2015 American journal of men's health

29. Public Awareness of Testis Cancer and the Prevalence of Testicular Self-examination-Changing Patterns Over 20 Years. (Abstract)

Public Awareness of Testis Cancer and the Prevalence of Testicular Self-examination-Changing Patterns Over 20 Years. Delay in treatment of testis cancer (TC) has a proven negative impact on disease stage, treatment outcome, and mortality. Poor public awareness of the disease and lack of testis self-examination (TSE) may account for late presentation. The aim of this study was to examine the knowledge of TC and performance of TSE in a group of men over 2 time periods 20 years apart.In (...) TSE. Limitations included possible selection bias in the 2 studies conducted in a banking institution.Increased testicular cancer knowledge combined with TSE may have a role in improving detection of significant testicular pathology.Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2010 Urology

30. Testicular Cancer Screening

detected by the patient, either unintentionally or by self-examination. Some are discovered by routine physical examination. However, no studies have been done to determine the effectiveness of testicular self-examination or clinical testicular examination in reducing mortality from testicular cancer. An updated systematic review performed on behalf of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, published in 2010, found no randomized trials, cohort studies, or case-control studies that examined benefits (...) of testicular cancer screening (whether by physical examination, self-examination, or other screening tests) in an asymptomatic population.[ ] Likewise, a systematic Cochrane Collaboration review found no randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effectiveness of screening by a health professional or patient self-examination.[ ] Screening would be very unlikely to decrease mortality substantially because therapy is so effective at virtually all stages of disease.[ ] (Refer

2012 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

31. Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer Testicular Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)—Health Professional Version - National Cancer Institute Menu Search Search Search General Information About Testicular Cancer Incidence and Mortality Estimated new cases and deaths from testicular cancer in the United States in 2019:[ ] New cases: 9,560. Deaths: 410. Testicular cancer is a highly treatable, usually curable, cancer that most often develops in young and middle-aged men. Most testicular cancers are germ cell tumors (...) . For treatment planning, germ cell tumors are broadly divided into seminomas and nonseminomas because they have different prognostic and treatment algorithms. For patients with seminoma (all stages combined), the cure rate exceeds 90%. For patients with low-stage seminoma or nonseminoma, the cure rate approaches 100%.[ - ] Risk Factors Risk factors for testicular cancer include the following:[ ] An undescended testis (cryptorchidism). A family history of testis cancer (particularly in a father or brother

2012 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

32. Testicular Seminoma (Diagnosis)

to be implicated in the development of testicular carcinoma. However, an analysis of 83 patients with asymptomatic microcalcifications observed for 5 years demonstrated only one with testicular carcinoma development over the interim. This represented an odds ratio for the study population of 317 (95% CI, 36-2756), with over 98% of men with asymptomatic microcalcifications having a benign course. A recommendation of continued monthly self-examination without further intervention was given for management (...) Testicular Seminoma (Diagnosis) Testicular Seminoma: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNDM3OTY2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Testicular Seminoma Updated

2014 eMedicine.com

33. Testicular Seminoma (Overview)

to be implicated in the development of testicular carcinoma. However, an analysis of 83 patients with asymptomatic microcalcifications observed for 5 years demonstrated only one with testicular carcinoma development over the interim. This represented an odds ratio for the study population of 317 (95% CI, 36-2756), with over 98% of men with asymptomatic microcalcifications having a benign course. A recommendation of continued monthly self-examination without further intervention was given for management (...) Testicular Seminoma (Overview) Testicular Seminoma: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNDM3OTY2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Testicular Seminoma Updated

2014 eMedicine.com

34. Testicular Seminoma (Follow-up)

medication may be indicated postoperatively. Next: Deterrence/Prevention Males should begin monthly testicular self-examinations starting at puberty. Any abnormalities found should be reported to their physician. After diagnosis of testicular GCT, the patient and treating physician should come to a mutual understanding regarding strict adherence to follow-up regimens to monitor for tumor recurrence. Previous Next: Prognosis Mortality rates from testicular seminiomas increased until the 1970s but have (...) Testicular Seminoma (Follow-up) Testicular Seminoma Follow-up: Further Inpatient Care, Deterrence/Prevention, Prognosis Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvNDM3OTY2LWZvbGxvd3Vw processing > Testicular

2014 eMedicine.com

35. Testicular Choriocarcinoma (Follow-up)

in the same day or in 23-hour observation settings. This surgery is comparable to an inguinal herniorrhaphy, and the patient can expect limited physical activity for a brief period following surgery. Previous Next: Inpatient & Outpatient Medications Following orchiectomy, a short course of pain management medication may be required. Previous Next: Deterrence/Prevention Prior to diagnosis, testicular self-examination on a monthly basis should begin at puberty. Following diagnosis of testicular carcinoma (...) Testicular Choriocarcinoma (Follow-up) Testicular Choriocarcinoma Follow-up: Further Outpatient Care, Further Inpatient Care, Inpatient & Outpatient Medications Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

36. Testicular Cancer

-fetoprotein and beta-HCG Many patients discover the mass themselves during self-examination. Monthly self-examination should be encouraged among young men. The origin and nature of scrotal masses must be determined accurately because most testicular masses are malignant, but most extratesticular masses are not; distinguishing between the two during physical examination may be difficult. Scrotal ultrasonography can confirm testicular origin. If a testicular mass is confirmed, serum tumor markers alpha (...) Testicular Cancer Testicular Cancer - Genitourinary Disorders - MSD Manual Professional Edition Brought to you by The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases / / / / IN THIS TOPIC OTHER TOPICS IN THIS CHAPTER Test your knowledge Acute Tubular Necrosis

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

37. Testicular cancer Full Text available with Trip Pro

sign of testicular cancer One of the first signs of testicular cancer is often a lump or swelling in the testes. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against routine screening for testicular cancer in asymptomatic adolescent and adults including routine testicular self-exams. However, the American Cancer Society suggests that some men should examine their testicles monthly, especially if they have a family history of cancer, and the American Urological Association recommends (...) monthly testicular self-examinations for all young men. Symptoms may also include one or more of the following: a in one testis which may or may not be painful sharp pain or a dull ache in the lower or scrotum a feeling often described as "heaviness" in the scrotum firmness of the testicle breast enlargement ( ) from hormonal effects of β-hCG (lumbago) due to the cancer spreading to the lymph nodes along the back It is not very common for testicular cancer to spread to other organs, apart from

2012 Wikipedia

38. Paediatric Urology

: 44. 45. Kaefer, M., et al. The incidence of intersexuality in children with cryptorchidism and hypospadias: stratification based on gonadal palpability and meatal position. J Urol, 1999. 162: 1003. 46. Kollin, C., et al. Cryptorchidism: a clinical perspective. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev, 2014. 11 Suppl 2: 240. 47. Caesar, R.E., et al. The incidence of the cremasteric reflex in normal boys. J Urol, 1994. 152: 779. 48. Barthold, J.S., et al. The epidemiology of congenital cryptorchidism, testicular (...) ascent and orchiopexy. J Urol, 2003. 170: 2396. 49. Turek, P.J., et al. The absent cryptorchid testis: surgical findings and their implications for diagnosis and etiology. J Urol, 1994. 151: 718. 50. Rabinowitz, R., et al. Late presentation of cryptorchidism: the etiology of testicular re-ascent. J Urol, 1997. 157: 1892. 51. Cendron, M., et al. Anatomical, morphological and volumetric analysis: a review of 759 cases of testicular maldescent. J Urol, 1993. 149: 570. 52. Braga, L.H., et al

2019 European Association of Urology

39. Male Infertility

al. Comparison of microdissection testicular sperm extraction, conventional testicular sperm extraction, and testicular sperm aspiration for nonobstructive azoospermia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Fertil Steril, 2015. 104: 1099. 21. Deruyver, Y., et al. Outcome of microdissection TESE compared with conventional TESE in non-obstructive azoospermia: a systematic review. Andrology, 2014. 2: 20. 22. Marconi, M., et al. Combined trifocal and microsurgical testicular sperm extraction (...) is the best technique for testicular sperm retrieval in “low-chance” nonobstructive azoospermia. Eur Urol, 2012. 62: 713. 23. Schlegel, P.N. Testicular sperm extraction: microdissection improves sperm yield with minimal tissue excision. Hum Reprod, 1999. 14: 131. 24. Schwarzer, J.U., et al. No relationship between biopsy sites near the main testicular vessels or rete testis and successful sperm retrieval using conventional or microdissection biopsies in 220 non-obstructive azoospermic men. Asian J Androl

2019 European Association of Urology

40. Paediatric Urology

: 44. 45. Kaefer, M., et al. The incidence of intersexuality in children with cryptorchidism and hypospadias: stratification based on gonadal palpability and meatal position. J Urol, 1999. 162: 1003. 46. Kollin, C., et al. Cryptorchidism: a clinical perspective. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev, 2014. 11 Suppl 2: 240. 47. Caesar, R.E., et al. The incidence of the cremasteric reflex in normal boys. J Urol, 1994. 152: 779. 48. Barthold, J.S., et al. The epidemiology of congenital cryptorchidism, testicular (...) ascent and orchiopexy. J Urol, 2003. 170: 2396. 49. Turek, P.J., et al. The absent cryptorchid testis: surgical findings and their implications for diagnosis and etiology. J Urol, 1994. 151: 718. 50. Rabinowitz, R., et al. Late presentation of cryptorchidism: the etiology of testicular re-ascent. J Urol, 1997. 157: 1892. 51. Cendron, M., et al. Anatomical, morphological and volumetric analysis: a review of 759 cases of testicular maldescent. J Urol, 1993. 149: 570. 52. Braga, L.H., et al

2018 European Association of Urology

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