How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

1,263 results for

Testicular Ultrasound

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Ultrasound Evaluation of Testicular Volume in Patients with Testicular Microlithiasis (PubMed)

Ultrasound Evaluation of Testicular Volume in Patients with Testicular Microlithiasis Ultrasonography is a useful tool to measure testicular volume. According to the European Society of Urogenital Radiology, the combination of testicular atrophy and testicular microlithiasis (TML) is a risk factor for testicular cancer. Testicular atrophy is defined as a volume of less than 12 ml. The aim of this study was to compare testicular volume in patients with TML to patients with normal testicular (...) tissue.From 2013 to 2015 we included a total of 91 adult patients with TML, and 91 adult patients with normal testicular tissue as a control group. All patients underwent scrotal B-mode ultrasound investigation including measurement of width, length and height in both testicles. Testicular volume was calculated using the formula π/6×length×height×width.The median age for patients with TML was 48 years (range: 19-94 years), and 48 years (range: 20-75 years) in patients with normal tissue. No statistically

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Ultrasound international open

2. High-frequency ultrasonography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of testicular capillary hemangioma: A case report. (PubMed)

High-frequency ultrasonography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of testicular capillary hemangioma: A case report. Testicular capillary hemangioma (TCH) is a rare benign tumor of the testis. To the authors' knowledge, there is currently only a few literatures describing the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to diagnose TCH. Accurate preoperative diagnosis of benign tumors can avoid orchiectomy. A case of TCH evaluated using high-frequency ultrasound and CEUS (...) is presented.A 21-year-old male presented with a right testicular mass during a routine physical examination, and was admitted to the authors' hospital for definitive diagnosis and treatment.Combined gray-scale, color Doppler ultrasonography, and CEUS did not exclude the possibility that the right testicular lesion may be a benign tumor. Combined with morphological and immunohistochemical staining results, a pathological diagnosis of TCH was considered.The patient underwent right orchiectomy under general

2019 Medicine

3. Comparison of Tissue Stiffness Using Shear Wave Elastography in Men with Normal Testicular Tissue, Testicular Microlithiasis and Testicular Cancer (PubMed)

slightly, but within the range of variation in normal testicles. Increased stiffness may indicate testicular malignancy in testicular lesions. Ultrasound elastography could be a very useful tool when investigating scrotum. (...) Comparison of Tissue Stiffness Using Shear Wave Elastography in Men with Normal Testicular Tissue, Testicular Microlithiasis and Testicular Cancer To compare elastography measurements in men with normal testicular tissue, testicular microlithiasis and testicular cancer.A total of 248 consecutive patients were included. All men provided written informed consent. Testicular stiffness was assessed using shear wave elastography (SWE). Three SWE velocity measurements were assessed in each testicle

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Ultrasound international open

4. Utility of Preoperative Ultrasound for the Evaluation of Testicular Rupture in the Setting of Scrotal Gun Shot Wounds. (PubMed)

Utility of Preoperative Ultrasound for the Evaluation of Testicular Rupture in the Setting of Scrotal Gun Shot Wounds. A scrotal gunshot wound may result in testicular injury, necessitating urgent scrotal exploration and attempted testicular salvage. Scrotal ultrasound is highly sensitive and specific for testicular rupture in the setting of blunt scrotal trauma but it has been poorly studied in the setting of scrotal gunshot wounds. Our objective was to determine the accuracy of scrotal (...) ultrasound to identify testicular rupture following a scrotal gunshot wound.We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with a scrotal gunshot wound from 2003 to 2014 in whom preoperative ultrasound was done prior to scrotal exploration. A heterogeneous echo pattern of testicular parenchyma with contour loss was considered a positive examination for testicular rupture. Patients underwent scrotal exploration within 24 hours of presentation. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound were

2018 Journal of Urology

5. Should we rely on Doppler ultrasound for evaluation of testicular solid lesions? (PubMed)

Should we rely on Doppler ultrasound for evaluation of testicular solid lesions? Colour Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) is the main radiologic tool to evaluate scrotal masses and intratesticular-vascularised solid lesions are mostly considered malign lesions. Objective of this trial is determine ratio of benign lesions in patients with hypervascularised solid intratesticular lesions.Patients who underwent radical orchiectomy due to hypervascularised intratesticular solid lesions detected in CDUS (...) were found to be parameters that predict malignancy.Benign incidence of vascular testicular solid lesions detected with scrotal ultrasound with colour Doppler is greater than expected. In patients with smaller, non-palpable lesions without elevated tumor markers, treatment options other than radical orchiectomy such as testicular sparing surgery should be considered.

2018 World journal of urology

6. Adenomatoid tumor of the testis mimicking malignant testicular cancer on multiparametric ultrasound (PubMed)

Adenomatoid tumor of the testis mimicking malignant testicular cancer on multiparametric ultrasound Adenomatoid tumor is one of the most common histological subtypes of paratesticular cancer arising from the epididymis. In very rare cases, these tumors appear as intratesticular lesions originating in the tunica albuginea, representing a diagnostic challenge.We present a case of a 51-year-old man with a small (0.9 cm) hyperechoic lesion of the left testicle mimicking testicular cancer (...) on multiparametric ultrasound. The lesion was localized in the peripheral zone, confirming vascularization and increased stiffness on contrast-enhanced ultrasound and real-time elastography. Preoperative tumor markers and hormone levels were within normal ranges. Staging computed tomography was negative. Organ-sparing surgery with tumor enucleation and frozen section analysis was performed, confirming testicular adenomatoid tumor.Currently, no typical ultrasound features can definitively distinguish

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 European Journal Of Medical Research

7. Pulse wave Doppler ultrasound of testicular arteries and their relationship with semen characteristics in healthy bulls (PubMed)

Pulse wave Doppler ultrasound of testicular arteries and their relationship with semen characteristics in healthy bulls Semen evaluation is used to estimate the testicular function. In bulls, the spermatozoa present in the ejaculate are the result of a process that begun more than 2 mo earlier, bequeathing a delayed depiction of the actual function of the testis. Since testis vascularization might be critical for the gonad function, selected pulse wave Doppler ultrasound parameters were (...) assessed in this study, for instance the peak systolic velocity, the end diastolic velocity and the resistive index of the testicular artery along the spermatic cord, the marginal portion of the testicular artery and the intratesticular branches of the testicular artery both in healthy adult and young bulls. Correlations between these parameters and characteristics of semen that was collected numerous times, before and after the Doppler ultrasound examination.The peak systolic velocity and the end

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Journal of animal science and biotechnology

8. Assessment of the use of contrast enhanced ultrasound in guiding microdissection testicular sperm extraction in nonobstructive azoospermia. (PubMed)

Assessment of the use of contrast enhanced ultrasound in guiding microdissection testicular sperm extraction in nonobstructive azoospermia. The aim of this study is to assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) as a new non-invasive approach to locate the testicular area in which spermatogenesis is most likely to be found in non-obstructive azoospermic testes and to evaluate the accuracy of CEUS as a predictor of successful sperm retrieval.CEUS was performed in 120 nonobstructive (...) azoospermia (NOA) patients. Microdissection testicular sperm extraction (M-TESE) was performed on the best and poorest perfusion areas selected by CEUS and on conventional areas.In the 187 testicles that underwent M-TESE, the sperm retrieval rates (SRRs) in the best perfusion area and poorest perfusion area over the maximal longitudinal section and conventional area were 63.1, 34.7 and 47.1%. According to receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the arrival times (AT) ≤27 s, time-to-peak

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 BMC Urology

9. Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer Testicular cancer - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Testicular cancer Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2018 Summary Most commonly presents as a hard, painless nodule on one testis noticed by the patient or at a regular clinic examination. Elevated serum tumour markers can be used for disease diagnosis and aid in monitoring the treatment response. Ultrasound (...) extratesticular manifestation cryptorchidism gonadal dysgenesis family history of testicular cancer personal history of testicular cancer testicular atrophy white ethnicity HIV infection chemical carcinogens and low sperm count rural residence higher socioeconomic status inguinal hernia genetic abnormality of chromosome 12 Diagnostic investigations ultrasound (colour Doppler) of testis CT scan (abdomen and pelvis) serum beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) serum lactate

2018 BMJ Best Practice

10. Testicular torsion

testicle horizontal lie absent cremasteric reflex nausea and vomiting abdominal pain fever urinary frequency age under 25 years neonate bell clapper deformity trauma/exercise intermittent testicular pain undescended testicle cold weather Diagnostic investigations grey-scale ultrasound power Doppler ultrasound colour Doppler ultrasound spectral Doppler urinalysis FBC CRP scintigraphy Treatment algorithm ACUTE Contributors Authors Professor of Surgery Department of Surgery UC San Diego School of Medicine (...) Testicular torsion Testicular torsion - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Testicular torsion Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: February 2018 Summary A urological emergency caused by the twisting of the testicle on the spermatic cord leading to constriction of the vascular supply and time-sensitive ischaemia and/or necrosis of testicular tissue. High index of suspicion is important to ensure

2018 BMJ Best Practice

11. A Case of Testicular Rupture Diagnosed by Point-of-Care-Ultrasound. (PubMed)

A Case of Testicular Rupture Diagnosed by Point-of-Care-Ultrasound. Point-of-care ultrasound is an expanding diagnostic tool in the pediatric emergency department. We describe a case of testicular rupture diagnosed by ultrasound at the bedside, which led to prompt surgical intervention and repair.

2017 Pediatric Emergency Care

12. Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and Color Doppler Ultrasound in Evaluation of Partial Testicular Torsion in Rat Model (PubMed)

Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and Color Doppler Ultrasound in Evaluation of Partial Testicular Torsion in Rat Model To evaluate the utility of histogram analysis of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the diagnosis of incomplete testicular torsion.Fourteen Wistar albino rats were randomly allocated into two groups. In group 1 (control), left testicles were kept outside for 45 seconds and then replaced, whereas left testicles were twisted by 360° in group 2. Four hours later, DWI was performed (...) . After that, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and testicular color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) were performed by two radiologists who looked for the presence or absence of blood flow. ADC measurements were carried out by two radiologists who were blinded to each other's measurements. After CDU, testes were surgically removed and a pathological examination was performed after four hours of torsion. Comparisons of minimum, mean, and maximum ADC values in testicles were performed with the Wilcoxon test. P

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Polish Journal of Radiology

13. Appraisal of testicular volumes: volumes matching ultrasound values referenced to stages of genital development (PubMed)

Appraisal of testicular volumes: volumes matching ultrasound values referenced to stages of genital development Testicular volumes obtained with orchidometers or external linear measurements in the scrotum (centimeter ruler or calipers) grossly over-estimate ultrasound volumes, have much variability and may not be accurate or reproducible. The reference of the values obtained by orchidometers or US, to age or Tanner stages is not useful to determine the normal values for stages of puberty (...) , because overlapping of ages and values. Pubertal development is determined by two events, genital and pubic hair development, that should be analyzed independently because one could be out of step with the other. The ultrasound (US) measurement of testicular volumes is the gold standard but is somewhat inconvenient, because it requires another procedure and, mainly, is costly. The solution of the problems would be to determine testicular volumes matching US values, from the width of the testis

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 International journal of pediatric endocrinology

14. A medical calculator to determine testicular volumes matching ultrasound values from the width of the testis obtained in the scrotum with a centimeter ruler (PubMed)

A medical calculator to determine testicular volumes matching ultrasound values from the width of the testis obtained in the scrotum with a centimeter ruler The determination of the testicular volume is of considerable importance to assess the onset, progression and disorders of puberty, abnormal testicular development, and a number of other conditions; and in adults, assessment of fertility. A number of clinical methods have been used for the measurement of testicular volumes in the scrotum (...) : a centimeter ruler, sliding calipers, and orchidometers. All the clinical methods calculate the volumes by the ellipsoid equation, grossly overestimate ultrasound (US) volumes by 70 to 80% for adults, to 150 to 250% for prepubertal subjects, mainly because the inclusion of the scrotal skin and epididymis and may not be accurate of reproducible. Ultrasound measurements have a high degree of accuracy and reproducibility and are the standard for quantitation of testicular volume. Formulas, equivalent

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 International journal of pediatric endocrinology

15. Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer Testicular Cancer | Uroweb › Testicular Cancer Testicular Cancer To access the pdfs & translations of individual guidelines, please as EAU member. Non-EAU members can view the web versions. To become an EAU member, click . M.P. Laguna (Chair), P. Albers, W. Albrecht, F. Algaba, C. Bokemeyer, J.L. Boormans, G. Cohn-Cedermark, K. Fizazi, H. Gremmels (Patient advocate), A. Horwich, D. Nichol, N. Nicolai, J. Oldenburg Guidelines Associates: J. Mayor de Castro, Ch. Fankhauser TABLE (...) OF CONTENTS REFERENCES 1. Albers, P., et al. Guidelines on Testicular Cancer: 2015 Update. Eur Urol, 2015. 68: 1054. 2. Guyatt, G.H., et al. What is “quality of evidence” and why is it important to clinicians? BMJ, 2008. 336: 995. 3. Guyatt, G.H., et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ, 2008. 336: 924. 4. Phillips B, et al. Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Updated by Jeremy Howick March 2009. 1998. 5. Guyatt, G.H

2019 European Association of Urology

16. Diagnosis and Treatment of Early Stage Testicular Cancer

testis or with known subfertility, this should be considered prior to orchiectomy. (Clinical Principle) 4. Scrotal ultrasound with Doppler should be obtained in patients with a unilateral or bilateral scrotal mass suspicious for neoplasm. (Strong Recommendation; Evidence Level: Grade B) 5. Testicular microlithiasis in the absence of solid mass and risk factors for developing a GCT does not confer an increased risk of malignant neoplasm and does not require further evaluation. (Moderate Recommendation (...) ; Evidence Level: Grade C) 6. Patients with normal serum tumor markers (hCG and AFP) and indeterminate findings on physical exam or testicular ultrasound for testicular neoplasm should undergo repeat imaging in six to eight weeks. (Clinical Principle) 7. MRI should not be used in the initial evaluation and diagnosis of a testicular lesion suspicious for neoplasm. (Moderate Recommendation; Evidence Level: Grade C) Orchiectomy 8. Patients with a testicular lesion suspicious for malignant neoplasm

2019 American Urological Association

17. Testicular Volume Changes in Laparoscopic Staged Fowler-Stephens Orchiopexy: Studying the Impact of Testicular Vessel Division. (PubMed)

Testicular Volume Changes in Laparoscopic Staged Fowler-Stephens Orchiopexy: Studying the Impact of Testicular Vessel Division. To study the effect of testicular vessel division on testicular volume during laparoscopic staged Fowler Stephens orchiopexy (LSFSO).Testicular dimensions were prospectively measured intraoperatively at both first (S1) and second stages (S2) of LSFSO, and with scrotal ultrasound 3-12 months postoperatively. Testicular volumes were compared to reference ranges. Volume (...) changes were tracked with a change of >20% considered clinically significant.A total of 52 non-palpable testes treated with LSFSO between 2008 and 2018 were included in the study. After a median follow-up of 6.8 (3-91.3) months, 46 (88.5%) testes were palpable in a scrotal location without adjunctive procedures and 39 (75%) maintained vascular flow on duplex ultrasound. One testis retracted to an inguinal position and successfully treated with inguinal orchiopexy for an overall success of 90.4% (47/52

2019 Urology

18. Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer Testicular Cancer | Uroweb › Testicular Cancer Testicular Cancer To access the pdfs & translations of individual guidelines, please as EAU member. Non-EAU members can view the web versions. To become an EAU member, click . M.P. Laguna (Chair), P. Albers, W. Albrecht, F. Algaba, C. Bokemeyer, J.L. Boormans, G. Cohn-Cedermark, K. Fizazi, H. Gremmels (Patient advocate), A. Horwich, D. Nichol, N. Nicolai, J. Oldenburg Guidelines Associates: J. Mayor de Castro, Ch. Fankhauser TABLE (...) OF CONTENTS REFERENCES 1. Albers, P., et al. Guidelines on Testicular Cancer: 2015 Update. Eur Urol, 2015. 68: 1054. 2. Guyatt, G.H., et al. What is “quality of evidence” and why is it important to clinicians? BMJ, 2008. 336: 995. 3. Guyatt, G.H., et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ, 2008. 336: 924. 4. Phillips B, et al. Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. Updated by Jeremy Howick March 2009. 1998. 5. Guyatt, G.H

2018 European Association of Urology

19. Colour Doppler and ultrasound characteristics of testicular Leydig cell tumours (PubMed)

Colour Doppler and ultrasound characteristics of testicular Leydig cell tumours To assess the colour Doppler and ultrasound features of testicular Leydig cell tumours (LCTs) in a population of 38 surgically proven lesions.From August 2008 to March 2015, we retrospectively included 38 surgically proven LCTs in 36 patients. Clinical data, scrotal colour Doppler, B-mode ultrasound and videos images were reviewed for each patient. The volume, echotexture of the testis, size, shape, echogenicity (...) to opting for testis-sparing surgery and for follow-up. LCTs present both intrinsic and rim vascularization detectable by colour Doppler ultrasound. Intrinsic vascularization and lobulated margins are common findings in testicular LCTs.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 The British journal of radiology

20. Unusual Ultrasound Presentation of Testicular Metastasis from Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (PubMed)

Unusual Ultrasound Presentation of Testicular Metastasis from Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma Testicular metastases from renal clear cell carcinoma (RCC) are extremely uncommon. To the best of our knowledge, only 32 cases have been reported in the literature. We report a rare case of testicular metastasis from RCC. A 69-year-old patient presented with discomfort and pain in his left testis. He had undergone laparoscopic left radical nephrectomy at another institution. Scrotal ultrasonography (...) revealed a non-palpable lesion at the upper pole of the left testis with hypoechoic aspect, highly suspicious for malignancy. We performed a left inguinal orchiectomy. The testicular lesion was diagnosed as a metastasis from RCC. After orchiectomy, a computed tomography of the chest and abdomen revealed no other metastatic lesions. The patient remains free of clinical recurrence after 20 months without adjuvant therapy.

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2016 Rare tumors

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>