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1. WITHDRAWN: Extraction of primary (baby) teeth for unerupted palatally displaced permanent canine teeth in children. (PubMed)

WITHDRAWN: Extraction of primary (baby) teeth for unerupted palatally displaced permanent canine teeth in children. The permanent canine tooth in the maxillary (upper) jaw sometimes does not erupt into the mouth correctly. In about 1% to 3% of the population these teeth will be diverted into the roof of the mouth (palatally). It has been suggested that if the primary canine is removed at the right time this palatal eruption might be avoided. This is an update of a Cochrane review first (...) children, with more than 150 palatally displaced canine teeth, and both were conducted by the same research group. Data presented in the trial reports are either incomplete or inconsistent. Both trials are at high risk of bias. It must be emphasised that both trials have serious deficiencies in the way they were designed, conducted, and reported, and attempts to contact the authors to obtain detailed information and clarify inconsistencies have been unsuccessful. Allocation to treatment appears

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2018 Cochrane

2. Smear Layer Removal Improves Treatment Outcome in Pulpectomy of Primary Teeth and Seondary RCT (Retreatment) of Permanent Teeth

Smear Layer Removal Improves Treatment Outcome in Pulpectomy of Primary Teeth and Seondary RCT (Retreatment) of Permanent Teeth UTCAT3316, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Smear Layer Removal Improves Treatment Outcome in Pulpectomy of Primary Teeth and Seondary RCT (Retreatment) of Permanent Teeth Clinical Question In patients in need of root canal treatment, does removing smear layer compared (...) to not removing it improve the clinical outcome? Clinical Bottom Line In pulpectomy of primary teeth and retreatment of permanent teeth, removing the smear layer improves the clinical outcome. However, removing smear layer in primary root canal treatment of permanent teeth is not associated with an improvement in clinical outcome. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Ng/2011 Primary RCT (1170 roots

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

3. WITHDRAWN: Hand and ultrasonic instrumentation for orthograde root canal treatment of permanent teeth. (PubMed)

WITHDRAWN: Hand and ultrasonic instrumentation for orthograde root canal treatment of permanent teeth. Endodontic treatment of root canals or root canal treatment is a frequently performed dental procedure and is carried out on teeth in which irreversible pulpitis has led to necrosis (death) of the dental pulp (nerve). Removal of the necrotic tissue remnants and cleaning and shaping of the root canal are important phases of root canal treatment. Treatment options include the use of hand (...) of relevant articles in an attempt to locate additional published and unpublished trials. No language restriction was applied. The last electronic search was conducted in December 2007.Randomised controlled trials involving people over 18 years of age with single and multiple permanent teeth with a completely formed apex and with no evidence of internal resorption requiring root canal treatment were included. Patients undertaking re-treatment of a tooth were excluded.Screening of eligible studies

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2019 Cochrane

4. Interventions for treating traumatised permanent front teeth: avulsed (knocked out) and replanted. (PubMed)

Interventions for treating traumatised permanent front teeth: avulsed (knocked out) and replanted. Traumatic dental injuries are common. One of the most severe injuries is when a permanent tooth is knocked completely out of the mouth (avulsed). In most circumstances the tooth should be replanted as quickly as possible. There is uncertainty on which interventions will maximise the survival and repair of the replanted tooth. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2010 (...) .To compare the effects of a range of interventions for managing traumatised permanent front teeth with avulsion injuries.Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 8 March 2018), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2018, Issue 2) in the Cochrane Library (searched 8 March 2018), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 8 March 2018), and Embase Ovid (1980 to 8 March 2018). The US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials

2019 Cochrane

5. Assessment of the application of fluoride varnish on milk teeth to prevent the development and progression of initial caries or new carious lesions - rapid report

Assessment of the application of fluoride varnish on milk teeth to prevent the development and progression of initial caries or new carious lesions - rapid report 1 Translation of the key statement of the rapid report Fluoridlackapplikation im Milchgebiss zur Verhinderung von Karies (Version 1.0; Status: 29 March 2018). Please note: This translation is provided as a service by IQWiG to English-language readers. However, solely the German original text is absolutely authoritative and legally (...) binding. Extract IQWiG Reports – Commission No. N17-03 Application of fluoride varnish on milk teeth to prevent caries 1 Extract of rapid report N17-03 Version 1.0 Application of fluoride varnish on milk teeth 29 March 2018 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) - i - Publishing details Publisher: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care Topic: Application of fluoride varnish on milk teeth to prevent caries Commissioning agency: Federal Joint Committee Commission

2019 Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG)

6. Orthodontic treatment for prominent upper front teeth (Class II malocclusion) in children and adolescents. (PubMed)

Orthodontic treatment for prominent upper front teeth (Class II malocclusion) in children and adolescents. Prominent upper front teeth are a common problem affecting about a quarter of 12-year-old children in the UK. The condition develops when permanent teeth erupt. These teeth are more likely to be injured and their appearance can cause significant distress. Children are often referred to an orthodontist for treatment with dental braces to reduce the prominence of their teeth. If a child (...) is referred at a young age, the orthodontist is faced with the dilemma of whether to treat the patient early or to wait and provide treatment in adolescence.To assess the effects of orthodontic treatment for prominent upper front teeth initiated when children are seven to 11 years old ('early treatment' in two phases) compared to in adolescence at around 12 to 16 years old ('late treatment' in one phase); to assess the effects of late treatment compared to no treatment; and to assess the effects

2018 Cochrane

7. Pulp treatment for extensive decay in primary teeth. (PubMed)

Pulp treatment for extensive decay in primary teeth. In children, dental caries (tooth decay) is among the most prevalent chronic diseases worldwide. Pulp interventions are indicated for extensive tooth decay. Depending on the severity of the disease, three pulp treatment techniques are available: direct pulp capping, pulpotomy and pulpectomy. After treatment, the cavity is filled with a medicament. Materials commonly used include mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium hydroxide, formocresol (...) with pair-wise meta-analyses using fixed-effect models. We assessed statistical heterogeneity by using I² coefficients.We included 40 new trials bringing the total to 87 included trials (7140 randomised teeth) for this update. All were small, single-centre trials (median number of randomised teeth = 68). All trials were assessed at unclear or high risk of bias.The 87 trials examined 125 different comparisons: 75 comparisons of different medicaments or techniques for pulpotomy; 25 comparisons

2018 Cochrane

8. Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children. (PubMed)

Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children. A Class II division 2 malocclusion is characterised by upper front teeth that are retroclined (tilted toward the roof of the mouth) and an increased overbite (deep overbite), which can cause oral problems and may affect appearance.This problem can be corrected by the use of special dental braces (functional appliances) that move the upper front teeth forward and change the growth of the upper or lower jaws (...) , or both. Most types of functional appliances are removable and this treatment approach does not usually require extraction of any permanent teeth. Additional treatment with fixed braces may be necessary to ensure the best result.An alternative approach is to provide space for the correction of the front teeth by moving the molar teeth backwards. This is done by applying a force to the teeth from the back of the head using a head brace (headgear) and transmitting this force to part of a fixed

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2018 Cochrane

9. Interventions for replacing missing teeth: attachment systems for implant overdentures in edentulous jaws. (PubMed)

Interventions for replacing missing teeth: attachment systems for implant overdentures in edentulous jaws. Implant overdentures are one of the most common treatment options used to rehabilitate edentulous patients. Attachment systems are used to anchor the overdentures to implants. The plethora of attachment systems available dictates a need for clinicians to understand their prosthodontic and patient-related outcomes.To compare different attachment systems for maxillary and mandibular implant

2018 Cochrane

10. WITHDRAWN: Interventions for replacing missing teeth: 1- versus 2-stage implant placement. (PubMed)

WITHDRAWN: Interventions for replacing missing teeth: 1- versus 2-stage implant placement. Implants may be placed penetrating the oral mucosa (1-stage procedure) or can be completely buried under the oral mucosa (2-stage procedure) during the healing phase of the bone at the implant surface. With a 2-stage procedure the risk of having unwanted loading onto the implants is minimized, but a second minor surgical intervention is needed to connect the healing abutments and more time is needed prior

2018 Cochrane

11. WITHDRAWN: Treatments for adults with prominent lower front teeth. (PubMed)

WITHDRAWN: Treatments for adults with prominent lower front teeth. Prominent lower front teeth may be associated with a large or prognathic lower jaw (mandible) or a small or retrusive upper jaw (maxilla). Edward Angle, who may be considered the father of modern orthodontics, classified the malocclusion in this situation as Class III. The individual is described as having a negative or reverse overjet as the lower front teeth are more prominent than the upper front teeth.The purpose

2018 Cochrane

12. Home-based chemically-induced whitening (bleaching) of teeth in adults. (PubMed)

Home-based chemically-induced whitening (bleaching) of teeth in adults. With the increased demand for whiter teeth, home-based bleaching products, either dentist-prescribed or over-the-counter products have been exponentially increasing in the past few decades. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006.To evaluate the effects of home-based tooth whitening products with chemical bleaching action, dispensed by a dentist or over-the-counter.Cochrane Oral Health's Information (...) with varying application times whitened teeth compared to placebo over a short time period (from 2 weeks to 6 months), however the certainty of the evidence is low to very low.In trials comparing one bleaching agent to another, concentrations, application method and application times, and duration of use varied widely. Most of the comparisons were reported in single trials with small sample sizes and event rates and certainty of the evidence was assessed as low to very low. Therefore the evidence currently

2018 Cochrane

13. How does a trauma in primary teeth affect permanent teeth? A systematic review

How does a trauma in primary teeth affect permanent teeth? A systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2019 PROSPERO

14. Fluoride supplementation (with tablets, drops, lozenges or chewing gum) in pregnant women for preventing dental caries in the primary teeth of their children. (PubMed)

Fluoride supplementation (with tablets, drops, lozenges or chewing gum) in pregnant women for preventing dental caries in the primary teeth of their children. Dental caries (tooth decay) is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases. Caries prevalence in most industrialised countries has declined among children over the past few decades. The probable reasons for the decline are the widespread use of fluoride toothpaste, followed by artificial water fluoridation, oral health education (...) ) compared with no fluoride supplementation during pregnancy to prevent caries in the primary teeth of their children.Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 25 January 2017); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 11) in the Cochrane Library (searched 25 January 2017); MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 25 January 2017); Embase Ovid (1980 to 25 January 2017); LILACS BIREME Virtual Health Library

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2017 Cochrane

15. Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children. (PubMed)

Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children. A Class II division 2 malocclusion is characterised by upper front teeth that are retroclined (tilted toward the roof of the mouth) and an increased overbite (deep overbite), which can cause oral problems and may affect appearance.This problem can be corrected by the use of special dental braces (functional appliances) that move the upper front teeth forward and change the growth of the upper or lower jaws (...) , or both. Most types of functional appliances braces are removeable and this treatment approach does not usually require extraction of any permanent teeth. Additional treatment with fixed braces may be necessary to ensure the best result.An alternative approach is to provide space for the correction of the front teeth by moving the molar teeth backwards. This is done by applying a force to the teeth from the back of the head using a head brace (headgear) and transmitting this force to part of a fixed

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2017 Cochrane

16. Pit and fissure sealants for preventing dental decay in permanent teeth. (PubMed)

Pit and fissure sealants for preventing dental decay in permanent teeth. Dental sealants were introduced in the 1960s to help prevent dental caries, mainly in the pits and fissures of occlusal tooth surfaces. Sealants act to prevent bacteria growth that can lead to dental decay. Evidence suggests that fissure sealants are effective in preventing caries in children and adolescents compared to no sealants. Effectiveness may, however, be related to caries incidence level of the population (...) . This is an update of a review published in 2004, 2008 and 2013.To compare the effects of different types of fissure sealants in preventing caries in occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth in children and adolescents.Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 3 August 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 7), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 3 August 2016), and Embase Ovid (1980 to 3 August 2016). We

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2017 Cochrane

17. Demirjian?s development stages on wisdom teeth for estimation of chrono-logical age: a systematic review

Demirjian?s development stages on wisdom teeth for estimation of chrono-logical age: a systematic review Demirjian’s development stages on wisdom teeth for estimation of chronological age: a systematic review - NIPH Selected items added to basket Close Search for: Søk Meny Infectious diseases & Vaccines Close Mental & Physical health Close Environment & Lifestyle Close Health in Norway Close Quality & Knowledge Close Research & Access to data Close About NIPH Close Demirjian’s development (...) stages on wisdom teeth for estimation of chronological age: a systematic review Se også Have you found an error? Order Download: Key message Demirjian’s development stages of teeth are used to estimate the age of children and youth. This systematic review summarizes the scientific documentation about how chronological age is distributed according to Demirjian’s stages from A to H for wisdom teeth. We found 18 relevant cross-sectional studies, all published after 2005. They were from 13 different

2017 Norwegian Institute of Public Health

18. Findings Are Inconclusive as to Association Between Implants and Development of Vertical Root Fractures in Adjacent Teeth

Findings Are Inconclusive as to Association Between Implants and Development of Vertical Root Fractures in Adjacent Teeth UTCAT3315, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Findings Are Inconclusive as to Association Between Implants and Development of Vertical Root Fractures in Adjacent Teeth Clinical Question In a population of patients receiving implant-supported crowns, is the risk of vertical root fracture (...) (VRF) increased in teeth adjacent to the implants? Clinical Bottom Line A possible association between implant-supported rehabilitation and the development of cracks in adjacent teeth has been noted. To conclude a direct causal relationship, however, all variables affecting the cracked teeth in question need to be controlled; therefore, more research is needed to support this association. VRF is a multifactorial phenomenon with many independent variables contributing to its occurrence

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

19. Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) Plugs and Regenerative Endodontic Procedures Provide Equally Successful Outcomes for Patients with Necrotic Pulps in Immature Teeth (CAT#3356)

Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) Plugs and Regenerative Endodontic Procedures Provide Equally Successful Outcomes for Patients with Necrotic Pulps in Immature Teeth (CAT#3356) UTCAT3356, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) Plugs and Regenerative Endodontic Procedures Provide Equally Successful Outcomes for Patients with Necrotic Pulps in Immature Teeth Clinical Question (...) In young patients with immature teeth and necrotic pulps, do regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) have higher success rates compared to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) plugs? Clinical Bottom Line Both MTA plugs and REPs have been shown to provide highly successful outcomes for patients with necrotic pulps in immature teeth, with no significant difference in success rates. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

20. Sealants and re-sealings are recommended for Molar Incisor Hypo-mineralized (MIH) teeth especially when applied using 5th generation adhesive systems

Sealants and re-sealings are recommended for Molar Incisor Hypo-mineralized (MIH) teeth especially when applied using 5th generation adhesive systems UTCAT3325, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Sealants and re-sealings are recommended for Molar Incisor Hypo-mineralized (MIH) teeth especially when applied using 5th generation adhesive systems. Clinical Question In patients with Molar-Incisor (...) Hypomineralized (MIH) permanent molars, is sealing and re-sealing a better alternative to more invasive treatment? Clinical Bottom Line Due to the high caries risk associated with MIH teeth, sealants and re-sealings are recommended as a preventative measure, especially when applied using a 5th generation adhesive system. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Fragelli/ 2017 41 permanent first molars were

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

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