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1. Do young women with tattoos have lower self-esteem and body image than their peers without tattoos? A non-verbal repertory grid technique approach. (PubMed)

Do young women with tattoos have lower self-esteem and body image than their peers without tattoos? A non-verbal repertory grid technique approach. Available evidence regarding the reasons for people to acquire body markers such as tattoos is contradictory. The present study was designed to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and body image in young women with tattoos. To this end, the repertory grid technique (RGT) was adapted and used to assess differences between women (...) with and without tattoos in terms of self-esteem and body image. Sixty young women with tattoos and sixty young women without (all aged 18-35 years), performed the Color RGT in order to evaluate the relationship between self-esteem and body image. Compared to women without tattoos, women with tattoos showed significantly lower self-esteem and displayed stronger relationships between three constructs: ideal body, ideal self and tattooed woman status. No significant differences in body image were detected

2019 PLoS ONE

2. Tattooist-Associated Tattoo Complications: "Overworked Tattoo," "Pigment Overload" and Infections Producing Early and Late Adverse Events. (PubMed)

Tattooist-Associated Tattoo Complications: "Overworked Tattoo," "Pigment Overload" and Infections Producing Early and Late Adverse Events. Tattooist-related technical failures of tattooing were hitherto unstudied and related to clinical complications. Tattooing requires talent, training and experience. Amateurism is a challenge in popular tattoo industry with no formal education and certification of the tattooists.To study technical tattoo failures causing disease in a consecutive hospital (...) material of tattoo complications.574 patients with 702 tattoo complications referred to the "Tattoo Clinic" (a subspecialised dermatological clinic) were enrolled. Patients were examined clinically and classified with respect to the cause of complication.147 (21%) tattooist and tattoo studio-related complications were recorded, i.e. excessive pigment installed in the dermis with "pigment overload" in 64 (9%), tattoo "needle trauma" with "overworked tattoos" in 43 (6%), contaminated ink causing

2019 Dermatology

3. Regrets after tattooing and tattoo removal in the general population of France. (PubMed)

Regrets after tattooing and tattoo removal in the general population of France. 30520171 2019 01 02 1468-3083 2018 Dec 05 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Regrets after tattooing and tattoo removal in the general population of France. 10.1111/jdv.15385 Kluger N N https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5225-8316 Department of Dermatology, Allergology and Venereology, Skin and Allergies Hospital, University of Helsinki and Helsinki (...) University Central Hospital, Meilahdentie 2, PO Box 160, 00029, Helsinki, Finland. Department of Dermatology, «Tattoo» Consultation, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, 46 rue Henri Huchard, 75877, Paris Cedex 18, France. Misery L L Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Brest, Brest, France. Seité S S La Roche-Posay Laboratoire Dermatologique, Levallois-Perret, France. Taieb C C FIMARAD, Hopital Necker Enfants Malades, Paris, France. European Market

2018 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

4. Atypical Intraepidermal Melanocytic Proliferation Masked by a Tattoo: Implications for Tattoo Artists and Public Health Campaigns (PubMed)

Atypical Intraepidermal Melanocytic Proliferation Masked by a Tattoo: Implications for Tattoo Artists and Public Health Campaigns Tattoos have become increasingly popular worldwide. While tattoos carry a minimal risk of complications, previous reports have located malignant melanoma hidden within tattoos. We present a case of an atypical intraepidermal melanocytic proliferation masked by a large tattoo in a 39-year-old Caucasian male. Tattooed skin can be difficult to examine, particularly when (...) the tattoos are dark, pigmented, and extensive. We demonstrate that a careful examination of tattooed skin leads to the early detection of atypical melanocytic proliferations. We present an extensive review of literature related to the relationship between tattoos and skin cancer, as well as public health recommendations for tattoo artists and individuals seeking to obtain tattoos. We urge a vigilant examination of tattooed skin and encourage collaboration between dermatologists and tattoo artists

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2018 Cureus

5. Blurry halos after tattooing (tattoo blow-out): a review of 16 cases. (PubMed)

Blurry halos after tattooing (tattoo blow-out): a review of 16 cases. 29761895 2018 11 29 1468-3083 32 12 2018 Dec Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol Blurry halos after tattooing (tattoo blowouts): a review of 16 cases. e466-e468 10.1111/jdv.15069 Kluger N N http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5225-8316 Department of dermatology, Allergology and Venereology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland (...) . « Tattoo » Consultation, Department of dermatology, Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris Cedex 18, France. eng Letter 2018 05 27 England J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 9216037 0926-9959 2018 5 16 6 0 2018 5 16 6 0 2018 5 16 6 0 ppublish 29761895 10.1111/jdv.15069

2018 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

6. Search for Internal Cancers in Mice Tattooed with Inks of High Contents of Potential Carcinogens: A One-Year Autopsy Study of Red and Black Tattoo Inks Banned in the Market. (PubMed)

Search for Internal Cancers in Mice Tattooed with Inks of High Contents of Potential Carcinogens: A One-Year Autopsy Study of Red and Black Tattoo Inks Banned in the Market. Tattoo ink stock products often contain potential carcinogens, which on large-scale population exposure may be clinically relevant. The aim of this autopsy study in mice was to screen major organs for clinical and subclinical cancers.Mice were tattooed on their backs. In total, 48 mice were included and divided into 4 (...) groups; 11 mice tattooed black, 10 tattooed red, and 5 mice serving as untreated controls. A group of 22 mice with black tattoos and exposed to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) were also studied. The black and red inks were both stock products banned on the Danish market due to the measured contents of potential carcinogens; benzo(a)pyrene and 2-anisidine, respectively. The mice were housed for 1 year after tattooing, and autopsy study on internal organs was performed. Tissue samples were systematically

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2017 Dermatology

7. Tattoo Pigments Are Observed in the Kupffer Cells of the Liver Indicating Blood-Borne Distribution of Tattoo Ink. (PubMed)

Tattoo Pigments Are Observed in the Kupffer Cells of the Liver Indicating Blood-Borne Distribution of Tattoo Ink. Tattoo pigments are deposited in the skin and known to distribute to regional lymph nodes. Tattoo pigments are small particles and may be hypothesized to reach the blood stream and become distributed to peripheral organs. This has not been studied in the past. The aim of the study was to trace tattoo pigments in internal organs in mice extensively tattooed with 2 different tattoo (...) ink products.Three groups of mice were studied, i.e., 10 tattooed black, 10 tattooed red, and 5 untreated controls. They were tattooed on the entire back with commercial tattoo inks, black and red. Mice were sacrificed after 1 year. Samples were isolated from tattooed skin, lymph nodes, liver, spleen, kidney, and lung. Samples were examined for deposits of tattoo pigments by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).TEM identified intracellular tattoo pigments in the skin

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2017 Dermatology

8. Papulo-Nodular Reactions in Black Tattoos as Markers of Sarcoidosis: Study of 92 Tattoo Reactions from a Hospital Material. (PubMed)

Papulo-Nodular Reactions in Black Tattoos as Markers of Sarcoidosis: Study of 92 Tattoo Reactions from a Hospital Material. Sarcoidosis is, from historical data, suggested to be more prevalent among patients with tattoo reactions. We aimed to evaluate this association in a systematic study.This is a consecutive study of patients with tattoo complications, diagnosed in the "Tattoo Clinic" at Bispebjerg University Hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark, from 2008 to 2015, based on clinical assessment (...) and histology. From the overall group of 494 tattoo complications in 406 patients, 92 reactions in 72 patients showed a papulo-nodular pattern studied for local and systemic sarcoidosis, since sarcoidosis is expected to be nodular.Of the 92 reactions with a papulo-nodular pattern, 27 (29%) reactions in 19 patients were diagnosed as cutaneous or systemic sarcoidosis, supported by histology; 65 (71%) were diagnosed as non-sarcoidosis due to histology and no clinical sarcoid manifestations. "Rush phenomenon

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2017 Dermatology

9. Knowledge of potential risk of blood-borne viral infections and tattooing practice among adults in Mandalay Region, Myanmar. (PubMed)

Knowledge of potential risk of blood-borne viral infections and tattooing practice among adults in Mandalay Region, Myanmar. Tattooing especially gains popularity among both men and women in adulthood from the wide range of socioeconomic groups and is noted as a risk taking behaviour in adults. Especially when tattooing does not perform to the highest standards, it can potentially be the hazardous practice. Myanmar has a paucity of evidence-based information on the estimated prevalence (...) of tattoos and awareness of potential disease transmission from tattooing under insanitary conditions as well as the infection risk. The present research was undertaken to help identify the self-reported prevalence of tattooing among adults (18-35 years) and their knowledge of transmission risk of blood-borne infections and its determinants.A community-based cross-sectional study focused on residents aged 18-35 years was carried out in two urban and two rural areas in Mandalay district, Mandalay Region

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2019 PLoS ONE

10. A case of multiple squamous cell carcinomas arising from red tattoo pigment (PubMed)

A case of multiple squamous cell carcinomas arising from red tattoo pigment Ornamental tattooing involves the administration of exogenous pigments into the skin to create a permanent design. Our case focuses on a 62-year-old woman who presented with an inflamed enlarging nodule on her right proximal calf, which arose within the red pigment of an ornamental tattoo. The nodule was diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and subsequently excised. Over the course of the following year (...) , the patient was diagnosed with a total of five additional SCCs that also arose within the red pigment of the tattoo. The increased popularity of tattooing and the lack of industry safety standards for tattoo ink production, especially metal-laden red pigments, may lead to more cases of skin cancer arising within tattoos among patients of all ages.

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2017 International journal of women's dermatology

11. Split-tattoo Study Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of 670nm Picosecond Laser Versus 755 nm for Tattoo Removal

Split-tattoo Study Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of 670nm Picosecond Laser Versus 755 nm for Tattoo Removal Split-tattoo Study Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of 670nm Picosecond Laser Versus 755 nm for Tattoo Removal - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved (...) studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Split-tattoo Study Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of 670nm Picosecond Laser Versus 755 nm for Tattoo Removal The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02912507 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted

2016 Clinical Trials

12. Skin Care in the Tattoo Parlor: A Survey of Tattoo Artists in New York City. (PubMed)

Skin Care in the Tattoo Parlor: A Survey of Tattoo Artists in New York City. To understand the role that tattooists play in providing skin care advice, we conducted an online, survey-based study of 90 licensed tattooists in New York City. The survey asked tattooists about their exposure to adverse tattoo events, advising on tattoo removal/correction, behaviors regarding preexisting skin conditions and aftercare, confidence in addressing client questions about adverse events and preexisting (...) conditions, and prior training about skin conditions related to tattoos. Most tattooists (92.8%) reported being asked by clients to evaluate adverse tattoo reactions, 85% were asked about tattoo removal, and 90% were asked about the safety of getting a tattoo with a preexisting skin condition. About half (56.1%) had received training about skin conditions related to tattoos. Tattooists with prior training reported higher rates of optimal skin care behaviors and higher confidence with tattoo-related skin

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2016 Dermatology

13. Socio-epidemiologic aspects and cutaneous side effects of permanent tattoos in Germany – Tattoos are not restricted to a specific social phenotype (PubMed)

Socio-epidemiologic aspects and cutaneous side effects of permanent tattoos in Germany – Tattoos are not restricted to a specific social phenotype Background: More and more people of all age classes have a tattoo. Intriguingly, there are multiple prejudices in the general population and published data that concern tattooed persons, such as being criminals, having a low education, being alcohol or drug abusers, or more risky in their life style. Objective: To obtain and to evaluate (...) sociodemographic data on tattooed persons, to investigate the incidence of tattoo-related cutaneous complications and to define personal risk factors and course of the persons after being tattooed concerning behavior of personal environment. Patients and Methods: We interviewed 426 participants with already existing tattoos and 20 participants just before getting a new tattoo by using an online questionnaire. The participators were asked about socio-epidemiologic aspects of tattoos in general and special

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2016 Dermato-endocrinology

14. Are tattoos associated with negative health-related outcomes and risky behaviors? (PubMed)

Are tattoos associated with negative health-related outcomes and risky behaviors? Tattoos have reached broadening mainstream acceptance. Medical professional societies have noted that tattoos may co-occur with high risk behaviors.Using a variety of statistical models applied to a sample of 2,008 adults residing in the United States via Amazon's Mechanical Turk, we estimate the associations between tattoo characteristics, three health-related outcomes (overall health status, ever diagnosed (...) with a mental health issue, sleep problems), and three risky behaviors (current smoking, ever spent time in jail or prison, and number of sex partners).We find that the presence, number, and specific features of tattoos are positively correlated with two of the health-related outcomes (ever diagnosed with a mental health issue and trouble sleeping) and all three of the risky behaviors (P < .05). Magnitudes are larger for those with multiple, visible, and offensive tattoos.Our results suggest

2019 International Journal of Dermatology

15. Can an inflammatory reaction in the meninges, caused by spinal puncture through tattooed skin, evolve into adhesive arachnoiditis? An experimental model in rabbits. (PubMed)

Can an inflammatory reaction in the meninges, caused by spinal puncture through tattooed skin, evolve into adhesive arachnoiditis? An experimental model in rabbits. As the number of people with tattoos has been increasing, anesthesiologists are more and more faced with the decision to perform a neuraxial blockage through tattooed skin. In this study, we evaluated the possibility of puncture through tattooed skin determines acute inflammatory changes in the meninges and spinal cord and later (...) evolve into adhesive arachnoiditis.Forty-two male rabbits were randomized into 3 groups of 14: G1, spinal puncture through non-tattooed skin and saline solution injection; G2, spinal puncture through tattooed skin and saline solution injection, captive for 30 days; G3, spinal puncture through tattooed skin and saline solution injection, captive for 360 days. The animals were anesthetized and ultrasound-guided spinal puncture was performed in the intervertebral spaces between S1 - S2. During

2019 Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

16. Reply to: "Comment on 'Activation of melanocytes in idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis after 5-fluorouracil infusion using a tattoo machine: Preliminary analysis of a randomized, split-body, single blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial'". (PubMed)

Reply to: "Comment on 'Activation of melanocytes in idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis after 5-fluorouracil infusion using a tattoo machine: Preliminary analysis of a randomized, split-body, single blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial'". 29864462 2019 01 07 2019 01 07 1097-6787 79 4 2018 10 Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. Reply to: "Comment on 'Activation of melanocytes in idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis after 5-fluorouracil infusion using a tattoo (...) Melanocytes Tattooing 2018 04 06 2018 05 02 2018 05 03 2018 6 5 6 0 2019 1 8 6 0 2018 6 5 6 0 ppublish 29864462 S0190-9622(18)32035-8 10.1016/j.jaad.2018.05.1238

2019 Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

17. Comment on "Activation of melanocytes in idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis after 5-fluorouracil infusion using a tattoo machine: Preliminary analysis of a randomized, split-body, single blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial". (PubMed)

Comment on "Activation of melanocytes in idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis after 5-fluorouracil infusion using a tattoo machine: Preliminary analysis of a randomized, split-body, single blinded, placebo controlled clinical trial". 29864463 2019 01 07 2019 01 07 1097-6787 79 4 2018 10 Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. Comment on "Activation of melanocytes in idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis after 5-fluorouracil infusion using a tattoo machine: Preliminary (...) Fluorouracil Humans Hypopigmentation Melanocytes Tattooing 2018 03 02 2018 05 25 2018 05 25 2018 6 5 6 0 2019 1 8 6 0 2018 6 5 6 0 ppublish 29864463 S0190-9622(18)32034-6 10.1016/j.jaad.2018.05.1237

2019 Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

18. How much medication is delivered in a novel drug delivery technique that uses a tattoo machine? (PubMed)

How much medication is delivered in a novel drug delivery technique that uses a tattoo machine? Even though dermatologists often perform drug delivery procedures, it is necessary to assess their safety.Quantify the amount of medication delivered using the MMP drug delivery technique and outline other safety parameters.Using a simple and novel technique, we attempted to quantify the amount of medication delivered by weighing human skin samples before and after delivery.In drug delivery done

2019 International Journal of Dermatology

19. Pigments in American Tattoo Inks and their Propensity to Elicit Allergic Contact Dermatitis. (PubMed)

Pigments in American Tattoo Inks and their Propensity to Elicit Allergic Contact Dermatitis. Tattoos have become increasingly common in the United States. Historically, tattoo inks were comprised of metallic pigments, which have the potential to cause allergic contact dermatitis. Data have been lacking on the current use of these pigments in tattoo ink.Identify pigments currently used in tattoo inks manufactured in or sold by wholesalers in the United States and investigate cases of allergic (...) contact dermatitis caused by these pigments.Using specific key words, we performed an internet search. Pigment information listed in tattoo product inserts was collated and evaluated.In total, 1416 unique inks were surveyed. The average bottle of ink contained 3.0 pigments. We identified 44 distinct pigments, of which 10 contained metallic pigments, including iron, barium, zinc, copper, molybdenum, and titanium. The remaining 34 pigments contained carbon, azo, diketopyrrolopyrrole, quinacridone

2019 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

20. Allergic reaction to a green tattoo with nickel as a possible allergen. (PubMed)

Allergic reaction to a green tattoo with nickel as a possible allergen. 30663069 2019 03 06 1600-0536 2019 Jan 21 Contact dermatitis Contact Derm. Allergic reaction to a green tattoo with nickel as a possible allergen. 10.1111/cod.13226 van der Bent Sebastiaan A S SAS Academic Tattoo Clinic Amsterdam, Department of Dermatology, Amsterdam University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Berg Tanja T Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, University of Münster, Münster, Germany (...) . Karst Uwe U Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, University of Münster, Münster, Germany. Sperling Michael M Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, University of Münster, Münster, Germany. European Virtual Institute for Speciation Analysis (EVISA), Münster, Germany. Rustemeyer Thomas T https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7580-0684 Academic Tattoo Clinic Amsterdam, Department of Dermatology, Amsterdam University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. eng Journal Article 2019 01 21

2019 Contact Dermatitis

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