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Tai Chi

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1341. Tai Chi Chuan, health-related quality of life and self-esteem: a randomized trial with breast cancer survivors. (Abstract)

Tai Chi Chuan, health-related quality of life and self-esteem: a randomized trial with breast cancer survivors. Health-related quality of life (HRQL) and self-esteem are often diminished among women diagnosed and treated for breast cancer. Tai Chi is a moderate form of exercise that may be an effective therapy for improving HRQL and self-esteem among these women. We sought to compare the efficacy of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) and psychosocial support (PST) for improving HRQL and self-esteem among (...) . Additionally, the TCC group exhibited improvements in self-esteem, while the PST group reported declines in self-esteem, with the differences between groups reaching statistical significance at week 12. These findings, coupled with a visual inspection of the raw change scores, support the plausibility of a dose-response relationship concerning Tai Chi.In this pilot investigation, the TCC group exhibited improvements in HRQL and self-esteem from baseline to 6 and 12 weeks, while the support group exhibited

2004 Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1342. Tai Chi and vestibular rehabilitation effects on gaze and whole-body stability. (Abstract)

Tai Chi and vestibular rehabilitation effects on gaze and whole-body stability. Tai Chi (TC) is a comparatively new intervention for peripheral vestibular hypofunction, which is often treated with vestibular rehabilitation (VR). We compared gaze stability (GZS), whole-body stability (WBS) and footfall stability (FFS) during locomotion among 26 people with vestibulopathy (VSP), randomized into two treatment arms (13 TC and 13 VR). Each intervention program was offered for 10 weeks. GZS improved

2004 Journal of vestibular research : equilibrium & orientation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1343. Tai Chi and fall reductions in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Tai Chi and fall reductions in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. The authors' objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a 6-month Tai Chi intervention for decreasing the number of falls and the risk for falling in older persons.This randomized controlled trial involved a sample of 256 physically inactive, community-dwelling adults aged 70 to 92 (mean age, 77.48 years; standard deviation, 4.95 years) who were recruited through a patient database in Portland, Oregon. Participants were (...) randomized to participate in a three-times-per-week Tai Chi group or to a stretching control group for 6 months. The primary outcome measure was the number of falls; the secondary outcome measures included functional balance (Berg Balance Scale, Dynamic Gait Index, Functional Reach, and single-leg standing), physical performance (50-foot speed walk, Up&Go), and fear of falling, assessed at baseline, 3 months, 6 months (intervention termination), and at a 6-month postintervention follow-up.At the end

2005 The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences Controlled trial quality: predicted high

1344. Health benefits of Tai Chi for older patients with type 2 diabetes: the "Move It For Diabetes study"--a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Health benefits of Tai Chi for older patients with type 2 diabetes: the "Move It For Diabetes study"--a randomized controlled trial. Older adults with type 2 diabetes have mobility impairment and reduced fitness. This study aimed to test the efficacy of the "Tai Chi for Diabetes" form, developed to address health-related problems in diabetes, including mobility and physical function. Thirty-eight older adults with stable type 2 diabetes were randomized to Tai Chi or sham exercise, twice a week (...) status or compliance with medical treatment may underlie the modest improvements in gait and balance observed in this sham-exercise-controlled trial. This Tai Chi form, although developed specifically for diabetes, may not have been of sufficient intensity, frequency, or duration to effect positive changes in many aspects of physiology or health status relevant to older people with diabetes.

2007 Clinical interventions in aging Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1345. Effects of Tai Chi on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity in older adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomised double-blind sham-exercise-controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Tai Chi on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity in older adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomised double-blind sham-exercise-controlled trial. a large proportion of adults with type 2 diabetes remain sedentary despite evidence of benefits from exercise for type 2 diabetes. Simplified Yang Tai Chi has been shown in one study to have no effect on insulin sensitivity in older adults. However, a modified Tai Chi form, Tai Chi for Diabetes (TCD) has recently been composed (...) , claiming to improve diabetes control.subjects were randomised to Tai Chi or sham exercise, twice a week for 16 weeks. Primary outcomes were insulin resistance 72 h post-exercise (HOMA2-IR), and long-term glucose control (HbA(1c)).thirty-eight subjects (65 +/- 7.8 years, 79% women) were enrolled. Baseline BMI was 32.2 +/- 6.3 kg/m(2), 84% had osteoarthritis, 76% hypertension, and 34% cardiac disease. There was one dropout, no adverse events, and median compliance was 100 (0-100)%. There were no effects

2008 Age and ageing Controlled trial quality: predicted high

1346. The effects on sensorimotor performance and balance with Tai Chi training. (Abstract)

The effects on sensorimotor performance and balance with Tai Chi training. To compare the effects of short-term and long-term Tai Chi training on the sensorimotor and balance performance of able-bodied subjects.A nonrandomized cross-sectional controlled trial.Sport laboratory.Forty-eight healthy subjects, 16 with 3 months of experience in Tai Chi training, 16 with 1 to 3 years of experience in Tai Chi training, and 16 with no experience in Tai Chi training.Experimental.The reflex contraction (...) latencies (reaction time) of medial hamstrings and gastrocnemius after perturbation, the active knee joint angle-repositioning error, and the balance time on a tilt board were measured and analyzed with 1-way analysis of covariance. Significant results were further analyzed with post hoc linear contrasts.Long-term Tai Chi practitioners had a significantly faster reflex reaction time in hamstrings (P<.000) and gastrocnemius (P=.043) muscles and a longer balance time on a tilt board (P<.000) than short

2006 Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation

1347. Dynamic balance and stepping versus tai chi training to improve balance and stepping in at-risk older adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dynamic balance and stepping versus tai chi training to improve balance and stepping in at-risk older adults. To compare the effect of two 10-week balance training programs, Combined Balance and Step Training (CBST) versus tai chi (TC), on balance and stepping measures.Prospective intervention trial.Local senior centers and congregate housing facilities.Aged 65 and older with at least mild impairment in the ability to perform unipedal stance and tandem walk.Participants were allocated to TC (n

2006 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

1348. Tai Chi Chih acutely decreases sympathetic nervous system activity in older adults. (Abstract)

Tai Chi Chih acutely decreases sympathetic nervous system activity in older adults. Aging is associated with increases of sympathetic nervous system activation implicated in the onset of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the practice of Tai Chi Chih (TCC), a movement-based relaxation practice, would acutely promote decreases of sympathetic activity in elderly persons.The sample included two groups of older men and women (age > or = 60

2006 Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

1349. Development of the simplified Tai Chi exercise program (STEP) for frail older adults. (Abstract)

Development of the simplified Tai Chi exercise program (STEP) for frail older adults. To develop a simplified Tai Chi exercise program for frail older adults.For phase I, using a focus group, 40 frail Taiwanese older adults were interviewed to explore their viewpoints on Tai Chi and have been reported elsewhere. This paper emphasized on the phase II of the study in which the older adults' perspectives were validated by 10 experts using an evaluation survey.Long-term care facilities.The newly (...) developed simplified Tai Chi exercise program (STEP) included three stages-(1) warm-up: comprised nine exercises specifically designed to loosen up the body from head to toe; (2) Tai Chi movements: encompassed 12 easy-to-learn and easy-to-perform movements; (3) cool-down: included three activities to cease the chi and rest the body.The STEP should be further evaluated for its effectiveness in enhancing the relative well being and quality of life of frail older adults and its applicability as a floor

2006 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

1350. Tai Chi and older people in the community: a preliminary study. (Abstract)

Tai Chi and older people in the community: a preliminary study. This paper outlines a qualitative exploratory study of the individual experiences of older people who practise Tai Chi for health. The study aimed to identify factors that influence the attraction of Tai Chi for older people. Participants were recruited from a selection of Tai Chi clubs in the north of England. Participant and non-participant observation of a selection of Tai Chi practice sessions was undertaken along (...) with interviews with 7 older people. Findings show that individuals who practice Tai Chi report a variety of immediate and lasting physical and mental benefits. Being part of a group that both learns and practises Tai Chi together appears to be important to the experience and awareness of the spiritual nature of Tai Chi was also reported. It is argued that older people who practise Tai Chi may have a particular view on ageing, health and well-being that the activity of Tai Chi allows them to express

2006 Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

1351. Shingles Immunity and Health Functioning in the Elderly: Tai Chi Chih as a Behavioral Treatment. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Shingles Immunity and Health Functioning in the Elderly: Tai Chi Chih as a Behavioral Treatment. Both the incidence and severity of herpes zoster (HZ) or shingles increase markedly with increasing age in association with a decline in varicella zoster virus (VZV)-specific immunity. Considerable evidence shows that behavioral stressors, prevalent in older adults, correlate with impairments of cellular immunity. Moreover, the presence of depressive symptoms in older adults is associated (...) with declines in VZV-responder cell frequency (VZV-RCF), an immunological marker of shingles risk. In this review, we discuss recent findings that administration of a relaxation response-based intervention, tai chi chih (TCC), results in improvements in health functioning and immunity to VZV in older adults as compared with a control group. TCC is a slow moving meditation consisting of 20 separate standardized movements which can be readily used in elderly and medically compromised individuals. TCC offers

2004 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM)

1352. Improvement in balance, strength, and flexibility after 12 weeks of Tai chi exercise in ethnic Chinese adults with cardiovascular disease risk factors. (Abstract)

Improvement in balance, strength, and flexibility after 12 weeks of Tai chi exercise in ethnic Chinese adults with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Declines in physical performance are associated with aging and chronic health conditions. Appropriate physical activity interventions can reverse functional limitations and help maintain independent living. Tai chi is a popular form of exercise in China among older adults.To determine whether tai chi improves balance, muscular strength (...) and endurance, and flexibility over time.Repeated measures intervention; data collected at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks.Community center in the San Francisco Bay Area.Thirty-nine Chinese adults with at least 1 cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor.A 60-minute tai chi exercise class 3 times per week for 12 weeks.A battery of physical fitness measures specifically developed for older adults assessed balance, muscular strength and endurance, and flexibility.Subjects were 65.7 (+/- 8.3) years old

2006 Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine

1353. Hemodynamic responses to a community-based Tai Chi exercise intervention in ethnic Chinese adults with cardiovascular disease risk factors. (Abstract)

Hemodynamic responses to a community-based Tai Chi exercise intervention in ethnic Chinese adults with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among older adults worldwide, including Europe, Asia, and North America. In the United States (US), CVD is also the leading cause of death among Asian-Americans. Physical activity has been shown to reduce CVD risk factors. Reduction in blood pressure (BP) in response to Tai Chi (TC) exercise

2006 European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

1354. Measurement properties of Tai Chi exercise self-efficacy among ethnic Chinese with coronary heart disease risk factors: a pilot study. (Abstract)

Measurement properties of Tai Chi exercise self-efficacy among ethnic Chinese with coronary heart disease risk factors: a pilot study. Improvement in aerobic capacity and reduction in blood pressure after Tai Chi exercise programs in persons with coronary heart disease (CHD) or with CHD risk factors have been reported. Self-efficacy has been shown to be a consistent predictor of behavioral outcomes, now being applied to Tai Chi exercise.To assess the utility and appropriateness of existing (...) tools measuring aspects of Tai Chi exercise self-efficacy (TCSE) in a new population, ethnic Chinese with CHD risk factors. Specific objectives were: (1) examine acceptability and feasibility; (2) determine score distributions; (3) assess the reliability and known-groups validity; (4) translate tool into an equivalent Chinese version and determine if there were any differences between ethnic Chinese and non-Chinese.Following a review of the literature, two existing tools used with Caucasians were

2004 European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

1355. An evaluation of the effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Chi Kung training in patients with symptomatic heart failure: a randomised controlled pilot study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

An evaluation of the effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Chi Kung training in patients with symptomatic heart failure: a randomised controlled pilot study. To study the effect of Tai Chi on exercise tolerance in patients with moderate heart failure.Randomised parallel group study balanced for baseline variables.Cardiology Department, Royal Hallamshire Hospital.52 patients (42 men, mean age (68.9 years), range (46-90 years), and 10 women, mean age (70.0 years), range (58-82)) with chronic heart failure (...) (New York Heart Association symptom class II-III) were studied. Patients were randomised to Tai Chi Chuan twice a week for 16 weeks or to standard medical care without exercise rehabilitation.The primary outcome measure was the change in the distance walked in the shuttle walk test. Secondary outcome measures were changes in symptom scores and quality of life indices.Objective measures of exercise tolerance did not improve significantly with Tai Chi, but patients having Tai Chi exercise had

2007 Postgraduate medical journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1356. Central Sydney Tai Chi Trial: methodology. (Abstract)

Central Sydney Tai Chi Trial: methodology. 12105671 2002 07 25 2008 11 21 1034-7674 13 1-2 2002 Jan-Feb New South Wales public health bulletin N S W Public Health Bull Central Sydney Tai Chi Trial: methodology. 19 Voukelatos Alexander A Health Promotion Unit, Central Sydney Area Health Service. Metcalfe Andrew A eng Clinical Trial Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial Australia N S W Public Health Bull 9712270 1034-7674 IM Accident Prevention Accidental Falls prevention & control Aged (...) Health Promotion methods Humans New South Wales Postural Balance Quality of Life Risk Factors Tai Ji Urban Health 2002 7 10 10 0 2002 7 26 10 1 2002 7 10 10 0 ppublish 12105671

2002 New South Wales public health bulletin Controlled trial quality: predicted high

1357. Massage, Meditation, and Tai Chi for Chronic Lower Back Pain

Massage, Meditation, and Tai Chi for Chronic Lower Back Pain Massage, Meditation, and Tai Chi for Chronic Lower Back Pain - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Massage, Meditation, and Tai Chi (...) provided by (Responsible Party): Kaiser Permanente Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This clinical trial is a preliminary study designed to prepare for a full-scale, randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of tai chi, mediation, and therapeutic massage for chronic lower back pain in adults. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Low Back Pain Behavioral: Tai chi Behavioral: Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction program Procedure: Therapeutic massage Not Applicable

2003 Clinical Trials

1358. Tai Chi Chih and Varicella Zoster Immunity

Tai Chi Chih and Varicella Zoster Immunity Tai Chi Chih and Varicella Zoster Immunity - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Tai Chi Chih and Varicella Zoster Immunity The safety and scientific (...) Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: A randomized control trial testing whether a relaxation response based intervention, Tai Chi Chih, will affect Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) specific immunity measures of psychological adaptation and health function in the older adult. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Varicella Behavioral: Tai chi chih Phase 2 Detailed Description: Both the incidence and severity of Herpes Zoster (HZ) or "Shingles" increase markedly with increasing age

2002 Clinical Trials

1359. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Tai Chi Chih for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Tai Chi Chih for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Tai Chi Chih for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before (...) adding more. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Tai Chi Chih for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00072657 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : November 10, 2003 Last Update Posted : April 4, 2013 Sponsor: University of California, Los Angeles

2003 Clinical Trials

1360. Changes in heart rate, noradrenaline, cortisol and mood during Tai Chi. (Abstract)

Changes in heart rate, noradrenaline, cortisol and mood during Tai Chi. Changes in psychological and physiological functioning following participation in Tai Chi were assessed for 33 beginners and 33 practitioners. The variables in the three-way factorial design were experience (beginners vs practitioners), time (morning vs afternoon vs evening), and phase (before Tai Chi vs during Tai Chi vs after Tai Chi). Phase was a repeated measures variable. Relative to measures taken beforehand, practice (...) of Tai Chi raised heart rate, increased noradrenaline excretion in urine, and decreased salivary cortisol concentration. Relative to baseline levels, subjects reported less tension, depression, anger, fatigue, confusion and state-anxiety, they felt more vigorous, and in general they had less total mood disturbance. The data suggest that Tai Chi results in gains that are comparable to those found with moderate exercise. There is need for research concerned with whether participation in Tai Chi has

1989 Journal of psychosomatic research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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