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Tai Chi

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1301. Mind–Body, Ki (Qi) and the Skin: Commentary on Irwin's ‘Shingles Immunity and Health Functioning in the Elderly: Tai Chi Chih as a Behavioral Treatment’ Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mind–Body, Ki (Qi) and the Skin: Commentary on Irwin's ‘Shingles Immunity and Health Functioning in the Elderly: Tai Chi Chih as a Behavioral Treatment’ 15841287 2018 11 13 1741-427X 2 1 2005 Mar Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Mind-Body, Ki (Qi) and the Skin: Commentary on Irwin's 'Shingles Immunity and Health Functioning in the Elderly: Tai Chi Chih as a Behavioral Treatment' 113-116 Kobayashi Hiromi H Ishii Masamitsu M eng

2005 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1302. Feasibility of Computer-Assisted Tai Chi Education Full Text available with Trip Pro

Feasibility of Computer-Assisted Tai Chi Education This study is an initial effort to examine the efficiency of a computer assisted Tai Chi educational model for learning the basics of Tai Chi, a Chinese exercise regime.

2005 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings

1303. THE BENEFITS OF TAI CHI Full Text available with Trip Pro

THE BENEFITS OF TAI CHI 18923107 2008 12 02 2018 11 13 1541-0048 98 12 2008 Dec American journal of public health Am J Public Health The benefits of tai chi. 2118; autor reply 2118-9 10.2105/AJPH.2008.146837 Rabinowitz Michael M eng Comment Letter 2008 10 15 United States Am J Public Health 1254074 0090-0036 AIM IM Am J Public Health. 2008 Jul;98(7):1195-8 18511723 Accidental Falls prevention & control Attitude to Health Health Education Humans Massachusetts Motivation New York Rhode Island (...) Students psychology Surveys and Questionnaires Tai Ji psychology Wisconsin 2008 10 17 9 0 2008 12 17 9 0 2008 10 17 9 0 ppublish 18923107 AJPH.2008.146837 10.2105/AJPH.2008.146837 PMC2636531 Am J Public Health. 2008 Jul;98(7):1195-8 18511723

2008 American Journal of Public Health

1304. Effect of Tai Chi on body balance: randomized controlled trial in men with osteopenia or osteoporosis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Tai Chi on body balance: randomized controlled trial in men with osteopenia or osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of 18-week Tai Chi training on body balance in dynamic trial among elderly men. The study covered 49 subjects from age 60 to 82.1 years, who had osteopenia or osteoporosis. The subjects were recruited from the community by direct mailings and community efforts to participate in studies. The participants were randomly assigned to either (...) the exercise intervention (n = 25) or control groups (n = 24). The Tai Chi group participated in an 18-week exercise class held for 45 min, twice a week. Body balance was assessed using a Computer Posturographic System PE 90 produced by the Military Institute of Aviation Medicine in Warsaw with modified software made in Pro-Med. During the measurement of body balance, the capacity to perform specific tasks was analyzed (deflections in the set scope and direction). In the Tai Chi group, an increase (p

2007 The American journal of Chinese medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1305. Effects of a Sun-style Tai Chi exercise on arthritic symptoms, motivation and the performance of health behaviors in women with osteoarthritis. (Abstract)

Effects of a Sun-style Tai Chi exercise on arthritic symptoms, motivation and the performance of health behaviors in women with osteoarthritis. Tai Chi exercise, an ancient Chinese martial art, has drawn more and more attention for its health benefits. The purpose of the study was to identify the effects of a Sun-style Tai Chi exercise on arthritic symptoms (joint pain and stiffness), motivation for performing health behaviors, and the performance of health behaviors among older women (...) with osteoarthritis.Total of 72 women with the mean age of 63 years old were recruited from outpatients clinic or public health centers according to the inclusion criteria and assigned randomly to either the Tai Chi exercise group or the control. A Sun-style Tai Chi exercise has been provided three times a week for the first two weeks, and then once a week for another 10 weeks. In 12 weeks of study period, 22 subjects in the Tai Chi exercise group and 21 subjects in the control group completed the posttest measure

2007 Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1306. Tai chi and perceived health status in older adults who are transitionally frail: a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tai chi and perceived health status in older adults who are transitionally frail: a randomized controlled trial. Tai chi, a Chinese exercise derived from martial arts, while gaining popularity as an intervention for reducing falls in older adults, also may improve health status. The purpose of this study was to determine whether intense tai chi (TC) exercise could improve perceived health status and self-rated health (SRH) more than wellness education (WE) for older adults who

2007 Physical therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1307. Tai Chi and vestibular rehabilitation improve vestibulopathic gait via different neuromuscular mechanisms: preliminary report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tai Chi and vestibular rehabilitation improve vestibulopathic gait via different neuromuscular mechanisms: preliminary report. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a well-accepted exercise program intended to remedy balance impairment caused by damage to the peripheral vestibular system. Alternative therapies, such as Tai Chi (TC), have recently gained popularity as a treatment for balance impairment. Although VR and TC can benefit people with vestibulopathy, the degree to which gait improvements (...) neuromuscular patterns, which appear to promote a faster gait and reduced excessive hip compensation. The VR group's improvements, however, were not the result of lower extremity neuromuscular pattern changes. Lower-extremity MEE increases corresponded to attenuated forward trunk linear and angular movement in the VR group, suggesting better control of upper body motion to minimize loss of balance. These data support a growing body of evidence that Tai Chi may be a valuable complementary treatment

2005 BMC neurology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1308. Group and home-based tai chi in elderly subjects with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. (Abstract)

Group and home-based tai chi in elderly subjects with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. To evaluate the effects of tai chi consisting of group and home-based sessions in elderly subjects with knee osteoarthritis.A randomized, controlled, single-blinded 12-week trial with stratification by age and sex, and six weeks of follow-up.General community.Forty-one adults (70 +/- 9.2 years) with knee osteoarthritis.The tai chi programme featured six weeks of group tai chi sessions, 40 (...) min/session, three times a week, followed by another six weeks (weeks 7 -12) of home-based tai chi training. Subjects were requested to discontinue tai chi training during a six-week follow-up detraining period (weeks 13-18). Subjects in the attention control group attended six weeks of health lectures following the same schedule as the group-based tai chi intervention (weeks 0 -6), followed by 12 weeks of no activity (weeks 7-18).Knee pain measured by visual analogue scale, knee range of motion

2007 Clinical rehabilitation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1309. A randomized controlled trial of tai chi for tension headaches. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A randomized controlled trial of tai chi for tension headaches. This study examined whether a traditional low-impact mind-body exercise, Tai Chi, affects health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) and headache impact in an adult population suffering from tension-type headaches. Forty-seven participants were randomly assigned to either a 15 week intervention program of Tai Chi instruction or a wait-list control group. HRQOL (SF-36v2) and headache status (HIT-6trade mark) were obtained at baseline (...) and at 5, 10 and 15 weeks post-baseline during the intervention period. Statistically significant (P < 0.05) improvements in favor of the intervention were present for the HIT score and the SF-36 pain, energy/fatigue, social functioning, emotional well-being and mental health summary scores. A 15 week intervention of Tai Chi practice was effective in reducing headache impact and also effective in improving perceptions of some aspects of physical and mental health.

2007 Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1310. Augmenting immune responses to varicella zoster virus in older adults: a randomized, controlled trial of Tai Chi. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Augmenting immune responses to varicella zoster virus in older adults: a randomized, controlled trial of Tai Chi. To evaluate the effects of a behavioral intervention, Tai Chi, on resting and vaccine-stimulated levels of cell-mediated immunity (CMI) to varicella zoster virus (VZV) and on health functioning in older adults.A prospective, randomized, controlled trial with allocation to two arms (Tai Chi and health education) for 25 weeks. After 16 weeks of intervention, subjects were vaccinated (...) with VARIVAX, the live attenuated Oka/Merck VZV vaccine licensed to prevent varicella.Two urban U.S. communities between 2001 and 2005.A total of 112 healthy older adults aged 59 to 86.The primary endpoint was a quantitative measure of VZV-CMI. Secondary outcomes were scores on the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36).The Tai Chi group showed higher levels of VZV-CMI than the health education group (P<.05), with a significant rate of increase (P<.001) that was nearly twice

2007 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1311. Physical activity for osteoarthritis management: a randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating hydrotherapy or Tai Chi classes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physical activity for osteoarthritis management: a randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating hydrotherapy or Tai Chi classes. To determine whether Tai Chi or hydrotherapy classes for individuals with chronic symptomatic hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA) result in measurable clinical benefits.A randomized controlled trial was conducted among 152 older persons with chronic symptomatic hip or knee OA. Participants were randomly allocated for 12 weeks to hydrotherapy classes (n = 55), Tai Chi (...) classes demonstrated mean improvements (95% confidence interval) of 6.5 (0.4, 12.7) and 10.5 (3.6, 14.5) for pain and physical function scores (range 0-100), respectively, whereas participants allocated to Tai Chi classes demonstrated improvements of 5.2 (-0.8, 11.1) and 9.7 (2.8, 16.7), respectively. Both class allocations achieved significant improvements in the SF-12 physical component summary score, but only allocation to hydrotherapy achieved significant improvements in the physical performance

2007 Arthritis and rheumatism Controlled trial quality: predicted high

1312. A randomised controlled trial of Tai Chi and resistance exercise on bone health, muscle strength and balance in community-living elderly people. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A randomised controlled trial of Tai Chi and resistance exercise on bone health, muscle strength and balance in community-living elderly people. The beneficial role of exercise in improving bone mineral density, muscle strength and balance, has been documented predominantly in younger populations. These findings may not apply to elderly populations with limited ability to perform exercises of high intensity.To examine the effects of Tai Chi (TC) and resistance exercise (RTE) on bone mineral

2007 Age and ageing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1313. A pilot study to assess the influence of tai chi chuan on functional capacity among breast cancer survivors. (Abstract)

A pilot study to assess the influence of tai chi chuan on functional capacity among breast cancer survivors. Treatment of breast cancer can significantly diminish functional capacity in patients months and even years after the completion of treatments. Tai chi chuan (TCC) is a moderate form of exercise that may be an effective therapy for improving functional capacity among breast cancer survivors. We sought to provide pilot data comparing the efficacy of TCC and psychosocial therapy (PST

2006 The journal of supportive oncology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1314. How Tai Chi improves balance: biomechanics of recovery to a walking slip in impaired seniors. (Abstract)

How Tai Chi improves balance: biomechanics of recovery to a walking slip in impaired seniors. This study examined the effect of Tai Chi (TC) training on biomechanical responses to large, fast walking perturbations in balance-impaired seniors.Twenty-two seniors (age 68-92, BERG 44 or less) with surgical interventions to knees, hips, and back were randomly divided into control or TC groups. Groups trained 1.5h/day, 5 days/week for 3 weeks. Controls received TC training after post-control testing (...) increased COM-COP A/P angular separation at RHS (p<0.067).Tai Chi training significantly enhanced balance responses by more efficacious use of mechanisms controlling stepping strategies of the swing leg. COM A/P path significantly increased after TC implying improved ability to tolerate unsteadiness. COM-COP A/P separation angle at RHS increased suggesting a longer step and increased mechanical loading at the hip.

2007 Gait & posture Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1315. The effect of Tai Chi Chuan in reducing falls among elderly people: design of a randomized clinical trial in the Netherlands [ISRCTN98840266]. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effect of Tai Chi Chuan in reducing falls among elderly people: design of a randomized clinical trial in the Netherlands [ISRCTN98840266]. Falls are a significant public health problem. Thirty to fifty percent of the elderly of 65 years and older fall each year. Falls are the most common type of accident in this age group and can result in fractures and subsequent disabilities, increased fear of falling, social isolation, decreased mobility, and even an increased mortality. Several forms (...) of exercise have been associated with a reduced risk of falling and with a wide range of physiological as well as psychosocial health benefits. Tai Chi Chuan seems to be the most promising form of exercise in the elderly, but the evidence is still controversial. In this article the design of a randomized clinical trial is presented. The trial evaluates the effect of Tai Chi Chuan on fall prevention and physical and psychological function in older adults.270 people of seventy years and older living at home

2006 BMC geriatrics

1316. Effects of Tai Chi and resistance training on cardiovascular risk factors in elderly Chinese subjects: a 12-month longitudinal, randomized, controlled intervention study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Tai Chi and resistance training on cardiovascular risk factors in elderly Chinese subjects: a 12-month longitudinal, randomized, controlled intervention study. Tai Chi is rapidly gaining in popularity, worldwide. This study was performed to assess its impact on cardiovascular risk factors in comparison with resistance training exercises in elderly Chinese subjects.A total of 207 healthy elderly participants (65-74 years, 113/207 (55%) men) were randomly assigned to one of three (...) intervention groups: (1) Tai Chi, three times/week for 1 h/session (n = 64); (2) resistance training exercise, three times/week for 1 h/session (n = 65); (3) usual level of physical activity control group (n = 78). Anthropometric measures, dual X-ray densitometry body composition, blood pressure, lipids, glycaemic and insulin sensitivity indices were measured at baseline and 12 months. Repeated-measures analysis of variance (anova) was used to assess the between-group changes using a last-observation

2005 Clinical endocrinology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1317. Research on psychoneuroimmunology: tai chi as a stress management approach for individuals with HIV disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Research on psychoneuroimmunology: tai chi as a stress management approach for individuals with HIV disease. Psychoneuroimmunology is a framework for mind-body practice and research that combines cutting-edge scientific exploration with holistic philosophy to appreciate and understand stress responses. The rapidly growing research literature provides a foundation for building an integrative stress management model with the potential to positively influence the stress-disease relationship (...) and, ultimately, health outcomes. This article introduces a novel tai chi intervention and provides quantitative and qualitative data from a randomized clinical trial indicating its effects on psychosocial variables in individuals living with various stages of HIV disease.

2006 Applied nursing research : ANR Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1318. Tai Chi versus brisk walking in elderly women. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tai Chi versus brisk walking in elderly women. to compare the effects of a short style of Tai Chi versus brisk walking training programme on aerobic capacity, heart rate variability (HRV), strength, flexibility, balance, psychological status and quality of life in elderly women.nineteen community-dwelling, sedentary women (aged 71.4 +/- 4.5 years) were randomly assigned to Tai Chi Chuan (TCC; n = 11) or brisk walking group (BWG; n = 8). A separate group of elderly women was recruited from

2006 Age and ageing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1319. Reduction in fear of falling through intense tai chi exercise training in older, transitionally frail adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reduction in fear of falling through intense tai chi exercise training in older, transitionally frail adults. To determine whether an intense tai chi exercise program could reduce fear of falling better than a wellness education (WE) program in older adults who had fallen previously and meet criteria for transitioning to frailty.Cluster-randomized, controlled trial of 48 weeks' duration.Ten matched pairs of congregate living facilities in the greater Atlanta area.Sample of 291 women and 20 men (...) higher (decreased fear) in the tai chi cohort at 8 months (57.9 vs 49.0, P<.001) and at study end (59.2 vs 47.9, P<.001). After adjusting for covariates, the mean ABC after 12 months of intervention was significantly greater in the tai chi group than in the WE group, with the differences increasing with time (mean difference at 12 months=9.5 points, 95% confidence interval=4.8-14.2, P<.001).Tai chi led to a significantly greater reduction in fear of falling than a WE program in transitionally frail

2005 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1320. A study investigating the effects of Tai Chi Chuan: individuals with traumatic brain injury compared to controls. (Abstract)

A study investigating the effects of Tai Chi Chuan: individuals with traumatic brain injury compared to controls. To explore the effects of a 6-week course in Tai Chi associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI) symptoms.Eighteen participants, with TBI assigned to a control (waiting list) group (n = 9) or Tai Chi group (n = 9) completed the Medical Outcome Scale Short Form 36 (SF-36) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) before, during, immediately after and 3 weeks after completion of the Tai (...) Chi course. The Tai Chi group completed the Visual Analogue Mood Scales (VAMS) before and after each class.Tai Chi was associated with significant improvement on all VAMS scores (except fatigue) with decreases in sadness, confusion, anger, tension, fear and increases in energy and happiness. There were no significant between-group differences on the SF-36 or RSES.Tai Chi provides short-term benefits after TBI, with rigorous outcome measurement needed to examine long-term benefits.

2006 Brain injury : [BI] Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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