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Tachypnea

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2. Salbutamol for transient tachypnea of the newborn. (PubMed)

Salbutamol for transient tachypnea of the newborn. Transient tachypnea of the newborn is characterized by tachypnea and signs of respiratory distress. Transient tachypnea typically appears within the first two hours of life in term and late preterm newborns. Although transient tachypnea of the newborn is usually a self limited condition, it is associated with wheezing syndromes in late childhood. The rationale for the use of salbutamol (albuterol) for transient tachypnea of the newborn is based (...) on studies showing that β-agonists can accelerate the rate of alveolar fluid clearance.To assess whether salbutamol compared to placebo, no treatment or any other drugs administered to treat transient tachypnea of the newborn, is effective and safe in the treatment of transient tachypnea of the newborn in infants born at 34 weeks' gestational age or more.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1996 to March 2016), EMBASE (1980 to March 2016

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2016 Cochrane

3. Epinephrine for transient tachypnea of the newborn. (PubMed)

Epinephrine for transient tachypnea of the newborn. Transient tachypnea of the newborn is characterized by tachypnea and signs of respiratory distress. Transient tachypnea typically appears within the first two hours of life in term and late preterm newborns. Although transient tachypnea of the newborn is usually a self limited condition, it is associated with wheezing syndromes in late childhood. The rationale for the use of epinephrine (adrenaline) for transient tachypnea of the newborn (...) is based on studies showing that β-agonists can accelerate the rate of alveolar fluid clearance.To assess whether epinephrine compared to placebo, no treatment or any other drugs (excluding salbutamol) is effective and safe in the treatment of transient tachypnea of the newborn in infants born at 34 weeks' gestational age or more.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1996 to March 2016), EMBASE (1980 to March 2016) and CINAHL (1982 to March

2016 Cochrane

4. Non-invasive respiratory support for the management of transient tachypnea of the newborn [Cochrane protocol]

Non-invasive respiratory support for the management of transient tachypnea of the newborn [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

5. Postnatal corticosteroids for transient tachypnea of the newborn [Cochrane protocol]

Postnatal corticosteroids for transient tachypnea of the newborn [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites

2019 PROSPERO

6. Transient Tachypnea of Newborns Is Associated With Maternal Spinal Hypotension During Elective Cesarean Delivery: A Retrospective Cohort Study. (PubMed)

Transient Tachypnea of Newborns Is Associated With Maternal Spinal Hypotension During Elective Cesarean Delivery: A Retrospective Cohort Study. The risk for transient tachypnea of newborns, a common cause of respiratory distress in the neonatal period, is 2- to 6-fold higher during elective cesarean delivery compared to vaginal delivery. Here, we evaluated the association between transient tachypnea of newborns and the degree and duration of predelivery maternal hypotension during spinal (...) anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery.Demographic data, details of anesthetic management, blood pressure measurements, and vasopressor requirement preceding delivery were compared between transient tachypnea newborns (n = 30) and healthy neonates (n = 151) with normal respiratory function born via elective cesarean delivery between July 2015 and February 2016. The degree and duration of hypotension were assessed using area under the curve for systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≤90 mm Hg and area under

2019 Anesthesia and Analgesia

7. Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn Is Associated With an Increased Risk of Hospitalization Due to Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis. (PubMed)

Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn Is Associated With an Increased Risk of Hospitalization Due to Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis. Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a self-limiting respiratory disorder, resulting from a failure to clear the lungs of perinatal fluid. As similar pathophysiologic features are present in children with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis, we hypothesized that these two conditions may be connected.This was a population-based cohort

2019 Pediatric Infectious Dsease Journal

8. Point-of-care lung ultrasound in children with non-cardiac respiratory distress or tachypnea. (PubMed)

Point-of-care lung ultrasound in children with non-cardiac respiratory distress or tachypnea. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic benefit of point-of-care ultrasound (PoCLUS) in children with non-cardiac respiratory distress or tachypnea.In this prospective observational study, children aged between 1 month and 18 years with respiratory distress, tachypnea, or both, at triage were included. Concordance and accuracy of the emergency department (ED

2019 American Journal of Emergency Medicine

9. Inhaled procaterol for the treatment of transient tachypnea of the newborn. (PubMed)

Inhaled procaterol for the treatment of transient tachypnea of the newborn. Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a respiratory disorder that results from inadequate or delayed clearance of fetal lung fluid following delivery. At present, supportive care is generally practiced for the treatment of TTN. In this study, we focused on inhaled beta-agonists for the treatment of TTN, and the aim was to verify the efficacy and the safety of inhaled procaterol for the treatment of TTN.Inhaled

2019 Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Early rescue Neopuff for infants with transient tachypnea of newborn: a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Early rescue Neopuff for infants with transient tachypnea of newborn: a randomized controlled trial. To examine the efficacy of early continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), delivered using a T-piece-based infant resuscitator (Neopuff) via a face mask, in reducing the severity and duration of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) as well as testing a hypothesis suggesting that rapid clearance of fetal lung fluid to the circulation via CPAP would increase plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (...) (BNP).A randomized controlled trial (NCT01859533) was conducted on 64 late preterm/term neonates, delivered by cesarean section and presented by respiratory distress shortly after birth. The Neopuff group included 34 neonates received 20 min of early CPAP and control group included 30 neonates received free flow O2. Plasma BNP was measured baseline and 2 h later.The duration of tachypnea was shorter in Neopuff group with less need of neonatal intensive care unit admission and need of mechanical

2019 The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Inactivation of Serotonergic Neurons in the Rostral Medullary Raphé Attenuates Stress-Induced Tachypnea and Tachycardia in Mice (PubMed)

Inactivation of Serotonergic Neurons in the Rostral Medullary Raphé Attenuates Stress-Induced Tachypnea and Tachycardia in Mice The medullary raphé nuclei are involved in controlling cardiovascular, respiratory, and thermoregulatory functions, as well as mediating stress-induced tachycardia and hyperthermia. Although the serotonergic system of the medullary raphé has been suggested as the responsible entity, specific evidence has been insufficient. In the present study, we tested (...) fiber, as evidenced by the decrease of a cellular activation marker protein in the neurons. Next, we measured electro cardiogram (ECG), respiration, body temperature (BT), and locomotor activity in freely moving mice during intruder and cage-drop stress tests, with and without photo-illumination. In the intruder test, photo inactivation of the medullary serotonergic neurons significantly attenuated tachycardia (362 ± 58 vs. 564 ± 65 bpm.min, n = 19, p = 0.002) and tachypnea (94 ± 82 vs. 361 ± 138

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2018 Frontiers in physiology

13. It Is Not Always Sepsis: Fatal Tachypnea in a Newborn (PubMed)

It Is Not Always Sepsis: Fatal Tachypnea in a Newborn Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a congenital cardiac malformation that is well understood. Despite being well characterized, CoA is a commonly missed congenital heart disease (CHD) during the newborn period. We report a full-term nine-day-old male who presented to the pediatric emergency department (ED) with isolated tachypnea. After an initial sepsis workup, subsequent investigations revealed critical CoA. Because the primary workup (...) focused on sepsis, there was a significant delay in prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) initiation. This case illustrates the importance of early CoA recognition and timely initiation of PGE1 in newborns who present with suspected sepsis along with tachypnea.

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2018 Case reports in pediatrics

14. The effect of inhaled salbutamol on the outcomes of transient tachypnea of the newborn. (PubMed)

The effect of inhaled salbutamol on the outcomes of transient tachypnea of the newborn. Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a self-limiting disease that results from a reduction in the rate of lung fluid clearance in neonates. A delay in lung fluid absorption in neonates disrupts the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life. Use of beta-adrenergic antagonists, such as salbutamol, accelerates lung fluid clearance. The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of inhaled

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2018 Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain

15. Clinical course in infants diagnosed with transient tachypnea of newborn: A clinical trial assessing the role of conservative versus conventional management. (PubMed)

Clinical course in infants diagnosed with transient tachypnea of newborn: A clinical trial assessing the role of conservative versus conventional management. Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a respiratory disorder secondary to inadequate or delayed clearance of lung fluids. Early symptoms of the disease are indistinguishable from neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia, and persistent pulmonary hypertension. Therefore, these newborns, in addition to receiving conservative

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2018 Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Eupnea, tachypnea, and autoresuscitation in a closed-loop respiratory control model (PubMed)

Eupnea, tachypnea, and autoresuscitation in a closed-loop respiratory control model How sensory information influences the dynamics of rhythm generation varies across systems, and general principles for understanding this aspect of motor control are lacking. Determining the origin of respiratory rhythm generation is challenging because the mechanisms in a central circuit considered in isolation may be different from those in the intact organism. We analyze a closed-loop respiratory control (...) ) the BRS model conductances provide an autoresuscitation mechanism for recovery from transient interruption of chemosensory feedback; and 5) the in vitro brain stem CPG slice responds to hypoxia with transient bursting that is qualitatively similar to in silico autoresuscitation. Bistability of bursting and tonic spiking in the closed-loop system corresponds to coexistence of eupnea-like breathing, with normal minute ventilation and blood oxygen level and a tachypnea-like state, with pathologically

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2017 Journal of neurophysiology

17. Transient myoclonic jerks and restless legs during periodic tachypnea in acute mountain sickness. (PubMed)

Transient myoclonic jerks and restless legs during periodic tachypnea in acute mountain sickness. A 46-year-old man with lower airway infection developed acute mountain sickness (AMS) at a 5,100 m high base camp. AMS was associated with myoclonic jerks (7-8/h) and restless legs. AMS with neurological manifestations could be relieved only upon descent to 3,500 m. To avoid pulmonary or neurological problems at high altitude, adequate acclimatization is a prerequisite.

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2017 Journal of Travel Medicine

18. Inhaled corticosteroids in transient tachypnea of the newborn: A randomized, placebo-controlled study. (PubMed)

Inhaled corticosteroids in transient tachypnea of the newborn: A randomized, placebo-controlled study. Prenatal corticosteroids were shown to reduce the respiratory complication in late preterm infants. Our objective was to determine if early inhaled corticosteroids could alleviate the respiratory distress and morbidity in late preterm and term neonates with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN).Double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled, multicenter pilot study. Infants born at >34 weeks

2017 Pediatric pulmonology Controlled trial quality: predicted high

19. Hypoalbuminemia, Low Base Excess Values, and Tachypnea Predict 28-Day Mortality in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Patients in the Emergency Department. (PubMed)

Hypoalbuminemia, Low Base Excess Values, and Tachypnea Predict 28-Day Mortality in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Patients in the Emergency Department. The objective of this study was to develop a new nomogram that can predict 28-day mortality in severe sepsis and/or septic shock patients using a combination of several biomarkers that are inexpensive and readily available in most emergency departments, with and without scoring systems.We enrolled 561 patients who were admitted to an emergency

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2017 Yonsei medical journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20. Structural cardiac lesions in transient tachypnea of the newborn (PubMed)

Structural cardiac lesions in transient tachypnea of the newborn Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is considered a benign disorder. Given its self-limiting nature, few studies have looked for associated pathology. This study explores the association of TTN with structural cardiac lesions.Over a six-month period, all inborn term and late preterm neonates with TTN (without predisposing factors) underwent 2D echocardiography within the first ten days of life, after tachypnea had subsided (...) . Equal number of neonates born during the same period, matched for birth weight, gestational age, sex, and mode of delivery but without tachypnea, also underwent echocardiography before ten days of life. The cardiologist performing the echocardiography was blinded to the presence or absence of tachypnea.Thirty-six neonates with tachypnea and equal number of controls underwent echocardiography. Due to matching, there was no significant difference in birth weight, gestational age, sex, or mode

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2016 Medical journal, Armed Forces India

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