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Sydenham Chorea

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41. Chorea Gravis and Cortisone (PubMed)

Chorea Gravis and Cortisone 14859171 2004 02 15 2018 12 01 0008-4409 65 2 1951 Aug Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Chorea gravis (Sydenham's chorea) treated with cortisone and ascorbic acid. 150-1 SCHWARZ H H eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 0 Vitamins PQ6CK8PD0R Ascorbic Acid V27W9254FZ Cortisone OM Ascorbic Acid Chorea Cortisone Humans Vitamins 5120:92657:204:228:446 CHOREA CORTISONE VITAMIN C 1951 8 1 1951 8 1 0 1 1951 8 1 0 0 ppublish

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1951 Canadian Medical Association Journal

42. SYDENHAM’S CHOREA (PubMed)

SYDENHAM’S CHOREA 20779479 2011 03 31 2011 03 31 0007-1447 2 3905 1935 Nov 09 British medical journal Br Med J SYDENHAM'S CHOREA. 912-3 Howell C M CM eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1935 11 9 0 0 1935 11 9 0 1 ppublish 20779479 PMC2461379

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1935 British medical journal

43. Chorea, Athetosis, and Hemiballismus

of it. A tumor or an infarct in the striatum (caudate or putamen) can cause acute unilateral chorea (hemichorea). Sydenham chorea and chorea due to infarcts of the caudate nucleus often lessen over time without treatment. Chorea due to hyperthyroidism or another metabolic cause (eg, hyperglycemia) usually lessens when thyroid function or blood glucose level is normalized. Chorea in patients > 60 should be thoroughly evaluated to identify the cause (eg, toxic, metabolic, autoimmune, paraneoplastic). Chorea (...) Chorea, Athetosis, and Hemiballismus Chorea, Athetosis, and Hemiballismus - Neurologic Disorders - MSD Manual Professional Edition Brought to you by The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases The trusted provider of medical information since 1899 SEARCH SEARCH MEDICAL TOPICS Common Health Topics Resources QUIZZES & CASES Quizzes Cases / / / / OTHER TOPICS IN THIS CHAPTER Test your knowledge

2013 Merck Manual (19th Edition)

44. Off-Label Use of Intravenous Immunoglobulin for Autoimmune or Inflammatory Conditions: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness

, dermatomyositis, myasthenia gravis, polymyositis, Kawasaki disease, and Sydenham’s chorea. Each of the autoimmune conditions was investigated by one study, except for dermatomyositis and myasthenia gravis which were investigated by two and three studies, respectively. Overall, considering the limitations in the study designs, reporting of outcomes, limited sample sizes, and risk of bias, there is limited evidence to suggest that off-label IVIG is clinically effective for the treatment of autoimmune diseases

2018 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

45. CRACKCast E171 – Pediatric Cardiac Disorders

carditis (murmur*, CHF, pericarditis,and various degrees of heart block), nodules, erythema marginatum, sydenham chorea. *mitral or aortic insufficiency: The murmur of mitral insufficiency is characterized as a holosystolic murmur best heard over the apex with radiation to the axilla. The murmur of aortic insufficiency is characterized as a diastolic murmur that is best heard over the base of the heart. Innocent murmurs that are normally exacerbated with fever can be mistaken for the murmurs of mitral

2018 CandiEM

46. CRACKCast E175 – Neurologic Disorders

neonatal sleep myoclonus Nonepileptic apnea Opisthotonos (hyperextension, back arching, spasticity – either physiologic or pathologic in cases of meningitis, tetanus) Normal movement Non-neonates: Syncope BRUE Breath-holding spells Migraine with aura (vomiting, motor deficits, altered LOC) Sydenham’s chorea Various sleep disorders – narcolepsy, cataplexy Tics Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures Panic attacks For a more comprehensive list of mimics of epilepsy disorders, please refer to Table 174.6

2018 CandiEM

47. CRACKCast E110 – Thought Disorders

erythematosus Temporal (giant cell) arteritis ORGAN FAILURE Hepatic encephalopathy Uremia NEUROLOGIC DISORDERS Alzheimer’s disease Cerebrovascular disease Encephalitis (including HIV infection) Encephalopathies Epilepsy Huntington’s disease Multiple sclerosis Neoplasms Normal-pressure hydrocephalus Parkinson’s disease Pick’s disease Wilson’s disease ENDOCRINE DISORDERS Addison’s disease Cushing’s disease Panhypopituitarism Parathyroid disease Postpartum psychosis Recurrent menstrual psychosis Sydenham’s (...) chorea Thyroid disease DEFICIENCY STATES Niacin Thiamine Vitamin B12 and folate “Psychosis” Postpartum Sarcoid thYroid Calcium and Carbon (high) HypoNa/02/Glycemia SLE Itis – encephalItis Substrate deficiency states Niacin, thiamine, Vit b12. [2] List 10 pharmacologic agents that may cause acute psychosis (Box) BOX 100.2 Pharmacologic Agents That May Cause Acute Psychosis ANTIANXIETY AGENTS Alprazolam Chlordiazepoxide Clonazepam Clorazepate Diazepam Ethchlorvynol ANTIBIOTICS Isoniazid Rifampin

2017 CandiEM

48. CRACKCast E089 – Esophagus, Stomach & Duodenum

,etc the most common causes of OPD are motility-related. 2) List 4 causes of oropharyngeal dysphagia: “immediate or transfer dysphagia” Neuromuscular – swallowing muscles don’t work Due to a cerebrovascular accident – #1 cause! Degenerative aging: Alzheimer’s, ALS, Diabetic neuropathy, muscular dystrophy, Parkinson’s, Brain tumour Immunologic – poly/dermatomyositis / MS / Myasthenia Gravis / scleroderma Infectious – botulism, diphtheria, polioMyelitis, rabies, Sydenham’s chorea, tetanus Metabolic

2017 CandiEM

50. A Strep in the right direction…

of medical student revision were stirred and I remembered St Vitus’ Dance – or, more prosaically, Sydenham’s chorea – a rare but serious consequence of an infection with Group A Streptococcus. The condition earned its name because it is characterised by rapid, uncoordinated movements mainly affecting the face, hands and feet. St Vitus is the patron saint of dancers. Sore throat is a common condition and more often than not is caused by a virus. Streptococcus pyogenes, a Group A Streptococcus (GAS

2016 Evidently Cochrane

51. Jeffrey Aronson: When I use a word . . . Circle squarers and St Vitus

in his honour, devotees would dance so joyously that Vitus became the patron saint of dancers, actors, and people with epilepsy, whose convulsions were regarded as a form of dancing. St Vitus’ dance was then applied to the specific form of disorder otherwise known as chorea (Greek χορεία, dance) or Sydenham’s chorea, to distinguish it from other forms, since it was first described by Thomas Sydenham in Schedula Monitoria de Novis Febris Ingressu (1686): “Cuius rei experimentum a me factum in medium (...) profero, nempe in quadam Convulsionis specie quæ Chorea Sancti Viti vulgo appellatur” (“I experimentally demonstrate [the effects of venesection and purgation] in that type of seizure commonly called St Vitus dance”). St Vitus, from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493 (source ) The English term “St Vitus dance” is first recorded in Robert Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy : “ Chorus sancti Viti , or Saint Vitus dance, the lascivious dance, Paracelsus calls it, because they that are taken with it, can doe

2018 The BMJ Blog

52. PANDAS and PANS: Clinical, Neuropsychological, and Biological Characterization of a Monocentric Series of Patients and Proposal for a Diagnostic Protocol. (PubMed)

, and biochemical aspects in a sample of PANS and PANDAS patients.Patients fulfilling a clinical diagnosis of PANS or PANDAS from 2014 to 2017 were enrolled. Neurological and psychiatric examination and biochemical and instrumental assessment results were collected. A neuropsychological battery was administered. For comparison purposes, a control group of patients with Sydenham's chorea (SC) was evaluated. Descriptive and comparative statistical analyses were performed.Seven subjects received a diagnosis

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2019 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology

53. Revision of the Jones Criteria for the Diagnosis of Acute Rheumatic Fever in the Era of Doppler Echocardiography

that polyarthralgia is almost always a symptom of an illness other than ARF and favored retaining polyarthralgia as a minor manifestation for low-risk populations, as per the historic Jones criteria. The inclusion of polyarthralgia as a major manifestation is applicable only for moderate- or high-incidence populations and only after careful consideration and exclusion of other causes of arthralgia such as autoimmune, viral, or reactive arthropathies ( ) (Class IIb; Level of Evidence C ). Chorea (Sydenham Chorea (...) ). Clinical Manifestations of ARF Generally, the clinical profile of ARF in low- and middle-income countries closely resembles that of high-income countries. Universally, the most common major manifestations during the first episode of ARF (the “major criteria” for diagnosis) remain carditis (50%–70%) and arthritis (35%–66%). , , , These are followed in frequency by chorea (10%–30%), which has been demonstrated to have a female predominance, and then subcutaneous nodules (0%–10%) and erythema marginatum

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2015 American Heart Association

54. Acute hyperkinetic movement disorders in Italian paediatric emergency departments. (PubMed)

movements and idiopathic AHMDs) accounted for 31.2%. Neuropsychiatric disorders prevailed among preschoolers and schoolers (51.9% and 25.2%, respectively), non-inflammatory disorders were more frequent in infants and toddlers (63.8%), whereas inflammatory conditions were more often encountered among schoolers (73.3%). In 5 out of 36 Sydenham's chorea (SC) cases, tics were the presentation symptom on admission to emergency department (ED), highlighting the difficulties in early diagnosis of SC (...) (44.5%), followed by tremors (21.1%), chorea (13.7%), dystonia (10.2%), myoclonus (6.3%) and stereotypies (4.3%). Neuropsychiatric disorders (including tic disorders, psychogenic movement disorders and idiopathic stereotypies) were the most represented cause (51.2%). Inflammatory conditions (infectious and immune-mediated neurological disorders) accounted for 17.6% of the cases whereas non-inflammatory disorders (including drug-induced AHMDs, genetic/metabolic diseases, paroxysmal non-epileptic

2018 Archives of Disease in Childhood

55. Trial to Evaluate the Long-term Efficacy of Oral Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Pediatric Subjects With Tourette's Disorder

, to read and understand the written word in order to complete subject-reported outcomes measures, and to be reliably rated on assessment scales. Exclusion Criteria: The subject presents with a clinical presentation and/or history that is consistent with another neurologic condition that may have accompanying abnormal movements. These include, but are not limited to, the following: Transient tic disorder; Huntington's disease; Parkinson's disease; Sydenham's chorea; Wilson's disease; Mental retardation

2018 Clinical Trials

56. Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Yi-Gan San in Children and Adolescents With Tourette's Disorder

Criteria: The subject presents with a clinical presentation and/or history that is consistent with another neurologic condition that may have accompanying abnormal movements. These include, but are not limited to: Transient Tic disorder/ Huntington's disease/ Parkinson's disease/ Sydenham's chorea/ Wilson's disease/ Mental retardation/ Pervasive developmental disorder/ Traumatic brain injury/ Stroke/ Restless Legs Syndrome The subject has a history of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or other psychotic

2018 Clinical Trials

57. Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Group G Streptococcus Infection (PubMed)

Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Group G Streptococcus Infection Immune-mediated central nervous system manifestations of group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus (GABHS) infection include Sydenham's chorea, pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS)-which includes tic and obsessive compulsive disorders-and a variety of neurobehavioral disorders. We report a case of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (group G Streptococcus

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2018 Case reports in pediatrics

58. Longitudinal outcomes of children with pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS). (PubMed)

conceptualization of PANDAS as a subacute illness similar to Sydenham chorea. However, some children developed a chronic course of illness, highlighting the need for research that identifies specific symptoms or biomarkers that can be used to predict the longitudinal course of symptoms in PANDAS.

2017 European child & adolescent psychiatry

59. A Study to Evaluate the Benefit of Octagam 5%® in Subjects With Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS)

of moderate to severe PANS based on accepted criteria Must be willing to follow study procedures and comply with wash-out period If using prophylactic antibiotics, must be on stable dose for 3 months Exclusion Criteria: History of rheumatic fever, including Sydenham chorea (the neurologic manifestation) Previous IVIG therapy within the last 6 months Allergic reactions to blood products Patients who, in the investigator's opinion, might not be suitable for the trial. Steroid use Contacts and Locations Go

2017 Clinical Trials

60. Prescribing for people with acute rheumatic fever (PubMed)

Journal Article Review 2017 04 03 Australia Aust Prescr 7804938 0312-8008 Sydenham’s chorea benzathine penicillin rheumatic fever rheumatic heart disease Conflict of interest: none declared 2017 5 17 6 0 2017 5 17 6 0 2017 5 17 6 1 ppublish 28507400 10.18773/austprescr.2017.011 austprescr-40-70 PMC5407997 Brain Dev. 2002 Mar;24(2):73-6 11891095 Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 Jan 24;:null 28121967 Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Sep 15;43(6):683-9 16912939 J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004 Aug;54(2):447-50 15269193 Clin

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2017 Australian Prescriber

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